The Plaindealer. (Roseburg, Or.) 1870-190?, May 19, 1904, Image 1

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Vol. XXXVI
ROSEBURG, DOUGLAS COUNTY, OREGON, THURSDAY, MAY 10, 1904.
No. 40
V
FOR fiNE CONFECTIONERY
anil ICE CREAM PARLORS
NORHANS'
fruits, Candies, Cakes, Pies,
Douotinuts and I resh Bread Daily
Portland Journal Agency. Hertlrick's Block, Opp. Depol
I. J. NORi'lAN & Co. Prop.
FARMERS' CASH STORE,
E. A. WOOD & CO, Props
DEALER IN
Staple ane Fanc3T. Groceries. Highest Price paid
for couutrj' produce. Fresh bread daily Your
Patronage is respectful' solicited.
Private Free Delivery to All Parts of the City
TROXEL BLOCK
OPP PASSENGER DAPOT
Re-bonding Bankrupt Trusts.
JUST RECEIVED
2 CAR LORDS 2
Mitchell Farm Wagons
Road Wagons
Surreys, Buggies, Hacks
Champion Binders, Mowers,
Reapers, Hay Rakes, Etc.
We can save -ou money t n a 113 thing in the Wagon or
Implement line. Give us a chance to figure with
3'ou and you won't 1 egret it.
J. F. Barker & Co,,
Grocers, Phone 201
Hints to Housewives.
Half the battle in good cooking is to have good
FRESH GROCERIES
And to get them promptly when you order them. Call up
Phone No. 181 for good goods and good service.
C. W. PARKS & CO.
The May Success contains a some
what startling article by David Gra
ham Phillips cn the advance in the
cost of living, which contains some
truths that can not be denied. In
the following, taken from the arti
cle, he shows how the process of re
organizing and re-bonding bankrupt
companies is carried on:
As each one of the industries that
make our civilization was re-created
by science for this modern era it was
also re-created by man. Science gave
it the power to employ a multitude of
men at higher wages and in lighter
labor, and at the same time it gave
the power to produce a multitude of
commodities cheaply. Man "organ
ized" and bonded and capitalized and
re-organized and re-bonded and re
capitalized again and again. The
process is still going merrily on.
Railways, steamships, telegraphs, tel
ephones, flour, meat, cloths of all
kinds, coal, iron, gas, all the metals
and minerals and most kinds of ma
chinery for farming, mining, manu
facturing, transporting, all have
been subjected to the same process.
Each and all have been mortgaged
heavily, and loaded down with water
bonds and water-stocks.
Have dividends grown to a point
where prices could and should be low
ered and wages raked? Water the
stock, water the bonds, quickly, be
fore the public realizes the true con
dition of affairs. Have dividends
continued to grow? Attach the hose
to stocks and bonds again! Issue
"common stock," that needs to pay
no dividends in slack times and can
be used to absorb profits in better
times. Thus you can prevent the
lowering of prices and retard the
raising of wages. "Kill competi
tition, pile on the permanent debts!"
Or, as another writer has pointedly
expressed it, "kill competition, and
capitalize the corpse !" This has been
the motto of our great industrial
leaders.
So, with competition by the rest of
the world shut out, and with the new
machinery of production, because of
its expensiveness, in the hands of a
comparatively few, the process of
loading down the industries with
water-bonds and water stocks has no
real check upon it
In flush time3 profits go enormous
ly and wages go up slightly, but
prices are almost stationary. The
controlling powers, instead of giving
the income-earners and consumers
the benefit that would be theirs un
der the competitive system, and in
stead of increasing the surplus in
anticipation of lean years, add to the
stocks and bonds, and pile up the
fixed charges. The lean years come.
Fixed charges must be met." Down
go wages, up go prices, the cry
is raised, "Competition is throttling
us!" Many there be that believe it.
KUROPATKIN TRAPPED
REPORTED THAT JAPS HAVE CUT
OFF RUSSIANS RETREAT
THE SCENE OF CREAT BATTLE WILL BE BETWEEN
MUKDEN AND HARBIN IN MANCHURIA IF
TELECRAM8 ARE TRUE.
HAVE YOU VISITED
i Winslows
jNew Store
A Fine Line of
Watches, ClocKs,
Jewelry,
Silverware, etc.
Prompt & Neat Repairing
A LARGE LOT OF
SPRAY MATERIAL
At Marsters' Drug Store
M
A CAR LOAD OF
SULPHU
Of Superior Quality
R
j
Willing to Lose 2000.
London, May iS. The Central News Ro:ne cor
respondent wires that a moo'sugp has leen received
direct from Toki'i, which reports that two Japa
nese divisions have arrived close to Mukden and have
cut off General Kuropatkin's Hue of retreat.
It is the general belief here that a battle of mag
nitude inaT now be expected in that vicinity at an'
time, as there are no reports of a general retreat from
this point by Kuropatkiu's forces and the cuttiug off
of the onl' avenue open would necessitate an eugage
meut of moment, as the two armies confronting each
other at th.t poiut are both of considerable size.
No accurate estimate of the forces uuder Kuropat
kin can be made, as the Russiaus in this regard are
secretive. Assertions have beeu made that this arm'
will uot exceed 100,000 men, while other statements
g ve his strength at nearly double that number.
It is possible that the outflanking of the Russiaus,
if such proves to have been thoroughly accomplished,
may result in the actual scene of battle being some
miles distant from Mukden. Such is not an improba
ble case, as the city itself lies in the midst of a com
paratively flat plan, gullied and water coursed and
with no strategic value such as would undoubtedl' be
sought by the Russians in the event of their findiug
themselves out-numbered aud out-maneuvered.
EXPLOSIONS AT PORT ARTHUR.
Chicago, May 18. A special to the Daily News
from Chefoo sa3's: "The Daily News Dispatch boat
Fawan, while passing Poit Arthur about 10 a. m., to
da3', heard six heavy explosions. The' appeared to
proceed from the inner harbor and suggested the idea
that the Russiaus were blowing up their ships and
docks."
St. Petersburg, May 17 The in
terruption of communication with
Port Arthur prevents the Admiralty
investigating the announcement from
Liao Yang of the daring torpedoing
of a Japanese armored cruiser off
Port Dalny. As soon as communica
tion is re-established the Admiralty
expects the commander of the for
tress to send full details.
Ceefoo, May 17. A combined land
and sea attack on Port Arthur is ex
pected to take place between May 20
and May 23.
The Japanese hope to occupy Port
Dalny within a few days. Dalny is
not fortified, the only fort in the
vicinity being one midway between
Talien Wan and Kin Chou. After the
destruction of the submarine mines at
Talien Wan the Japanese intend to
land additional troops there and com
mence an attack on Port Arthur.
A Japanese officer informed the
correspondent of the Associated Press
that the Japanese are ready to lose
2000 men in the attack. This he did
not consider to bo a large number in
view of the great percentage of sick
and wounded who will be able to re
take the field as a result of modern
hospital equipment.
Well-informed Chinese say that the
entrance to Port Arthur is not
blocked.
Cured His Mother of Rheumatism
CS3E3I
Li
nf I our Raiicaie: aiia iimuei
31
Lands with me.
R. R. JOHNSON,
I HAVE EASTERN CUSTOMERS
AND CAN SELL
OPFICB IN MARKS BLOCK,
ROSEBURG, OR.
"My mother has been a sufferer for
many years with rheumatism, " says W.
H. Howard of Hnshand, Pa. "At
times she was unable to move at nil,
while at all times walking was painful.
I presented her with a bottle of Cham
berlnin's Pain Balm and after a few ap
plications she dicided it was the moBt
wonderful pain reliever she had ever
tried, in fact, she is never without it
and is at all times able to walk. An oc
casionarapplication of Pain Balm kecpa
away the pain that she was formerly
troubled with." For sale by A. O.
Marsters & Co.
DOUBTS THE REPORT.
St. Petersburg Says Japs Couldn't Be Behind Mukden
St. Petersbukg, May iS. The report that the
Japanese have taken up a position uorth of Mukden,
thus blocking the further retreat of the Russians, is
discredited here. A officer of the genera' staff points
out that the only route by which the Japanese could
have inarched thither is most mountainous and would
have given the Russiaus the opportunity of over
whelming the eneni3f. It is stated that the general
military position of tne three Japanese divisions
marching slowly toward Lia Yang is known. One is
advauciug along the Feng Huang Cheng road, others
some distance to the right and left. A battle is not
expected for some days owing to the extreme care and
slowness of the Japanese advance.
SEND NEWS BV RUNNERS.
St. Petersburg, May 18, 3:30 p. m. The Ad
miralty today received an official dispatch from Rear
Admiral VVittsoeft believed to have been dated from
Port Arthur, May 14, reporting that there had been
no fighting afloat since the telegraph line was cut, the
Japanese ships not having attacked. Eveiything was
well with the Russian squadron. The dispatch was
gratifying to the authorities, because its receipt estab
lished .the fact that while the telegraph line is severed,
a system of communication by means of Chinese run
ners has been inaugurated.
One of the reasons for the, desperate effort of the
Russians to get to Port Arthur what is'officially called
an "ammunition train," has been revealed by informa
tion which leaked out today. There was little need,
it appears, for more ammunition, great quantities be
ing stored in the fortress, but General Stoessel was
exceedingly anxious to be provided with balloons.
The highest point of the fortress is the Eagle's Nest,
from which much of the surrounding couutry can be
seen, but balloons will facilitate observation. Before
the war the Russian auth rities loaded on a vessel a
complete balloon equipment for Manchuria, hut it was
captured by the Japanese, who will use it perhaps in
their operations against Port Arthur. Recognizing
the need of providing General Stoessel with all the
jequisite in;lruments with which to c induct the de
fense of Port Arthur, Geueral Ku rop.it l in is believed
to have sent ball' ous on the "ammunition train."
The Russian ba'loous are stationary.
The War's Internatlon Effects.
The United States is being affected
by the war's latest phase, which is
taking Russia away from the big
posts along the Manchurian coast,
says the Globe Democrat. President
Roosevelt has sent orders to Rear Ad
miral Cooper, the commander of the
Asiatic squadron, to dispatch a cruiser
and a gunboat to Che Foo, the near
est "neutral port, so as to be ready to
proceed to New Chwang to ptotect
4 fi .i it .
American interests mere in tne in
terests there in the interval between
Russian abandonment and Japanese
occupation. England is about to
take a similar step, and probably
" "II 1 IM mi
uermany win ao UKewise. mere is
no longer any doubt that Russia will
have to give up all its Manchurian
strongholds on or near the gulf of
Liao Yung. Word is received at St.
Petersburg from time to time that
Port Arthur h not completely invest
ed by the Japanese. Occasional re
ports from that post reach the capi
tal, which would show that the Japa
nese have not yet begun their siege.
These stories are giving a good deal
of comfort to the Czar and his ad
visers. Nevertheless, Kuropatkin, so far
as can be learned, is in full retreat
No evidence is given by anything that
he is doing or saying that leads to the
presumption that he can make a suc
cessful stand anywhere below Muk
den. True, some of the SL Peters
burg papers still continue their gas
conade. One of them outlines the
terms that Russia will exact after the
war closes. According to this out
giving, Russia will annex Korea, will
occupy one of the Japanese islands as
a point of observation, will force Ja
pan to give back to China the Uland
of Eormosa, which she annexed after
the war of 1S94-95, and will compel
Japan to furnish a heavy money in
demnity which will pay Russia for all
the ships which have been destroyed
and meet tie other financial Iossess
of the war. The fact that this stuff
is allowed by the official censor to be
published shows that there is a feel
ing in Russia that the tide will turn
before long and that the Russians
will win. Apparently, this idea has
not found any lodgment in the Rus
sian war omce. The Czars discon
tent with Alexieff, Kuropatkin and all
the rest of the war chiefs in Man
churia is becoming evident. The re
treat from the coast, which involves
abandonment of stronglv fortified
posts, is creating a painful impression
at St Petersburg.
There is not the slightest intention,
however, on Russia's part to give up
the struggle. The Czar issued a
ukase yesterday calling out the re
serves in certain sections of the mili
tary districts of Kieff and Moscow,
which are to be huried to Manchuria.
Some uneasiness is expressed at St.
Petersburg about the possible effect
on the Chinese which Japan's military
victories may cause. It is recognized
that the entrance of China into the
conflict on Japan's side would bring
complications which might be serious
ly embarrassing to Russia and pos
sibly to other countries. It is reason
ably certain now that China's partici
pation in the war would not throw
France in it on the side of Russia.
But a rising in China against Russia
precipitate attacks' by the Chinese on
all Europeans and on Americans, and
thus produce a state of afiairs like
that which caused the advance by the
allies on Pekin for the rescue of the
legations in 1900. When the Chinese
populace get aroused against any par
ticular outsiders they are not apt to
discriminate. All foreigners look
alike to them. While their real
enemies are the Russians, an attack
on Russia might go farther than the
Pekin authorities would wish and lead
to an onslaugh on all foreigners in
the empire. This is a possibility
which is not only causing uneasiness
in St. Petersburg, but which would
give some concern to London, Berlin
Paris and Washington. It was to
guard against the possibility of any
thing of this sort that Secretary Hay
sent his note to China and the powers
immediately after the war started;
endeavoring to get all of them to use
their influence to localize the area of
the war as far as practicable.
Kuropatkin's retirement from the in
terior of Manchuria creates a situa
tion which may give the war a direct
interest for more than one outside
power. The news from the Orient
for the next few days will bo awaited
with an especial interest by the
United States and tho rest of the
world.
R. W FENN,
CIVIL. ENGINEER
Lately with the government Waphicai and geologieal.'sarvey.'of BraxD.
Booth America.) '
U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor
Office over Poetoffice. nOSEBUG. OJBGOfi. Correapondenee solicited
MAKE YOUR BREAD WITH
Pride of Douglas Flour.
Sl.lt Per Sack, For Sale By Any Grocer in Towi.
Cheap enough for such rattling good Flour
Yes and a sack of it makes three to five loaves
more of bread than any other flour you can
buy. Why, because it is made from the very
best selected wheat.
DOUGLAS COUNTY FLOUR ROLLS.
Roseburg Oregon.
Is Your Roof SicK?
curing rooffl.
Suppose you write us for Darticnlars ahrml Ef.ATPWiTP vcinvrvr t
will go on over tin. corrn3ated iron, ahakea, shingles or any other roofing material
It makes the beat roof yoa ever ha sr. It new wean oat.
THE ELATEEUTE HOOFING CO..
Worcester Balldlnz, PORTLAND
Notice to Street Sprinklers.
All persons are notified that street
sprinkling must bo discontinued, no
permits having been issued (or this pur-
r3 to one.
29 Umpquu Water & Light Co
New Arrivals
Every day brings something now in Spring Goods.
VIOLE the latest thing in dress goods for suits
Skirts and Waists.
Also the "Cotton Crepe" we are the only ones in
the city who have imported this goods direct from
Japan. It comes in all colors and will sell for 20cts
per yard.
WOLLHRG BROS., Phone 801.
A. SALZMAN,
Pratical Watchmaker, Jeweler, Optician.
Watches, ClocKs, Jewelry
Diamonds and Silverware
Watch lejairia
a Sjrerialty.
F. w. BESBO.V,
PrrMau
A.C.HJLKSTISS.
VIe FTtldal-
Douglas Coiinty Bank,
KwUiliHhed I883.
Incorporated 1901
Capita! Stock, $50,000.00.
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
F. W. BKSRON. R. A. BOOTU J. H. BOOTH. J. T. BRIDGES
JOS. LY 0S3, A. C. MABSTXR3 K. L. MTTT.ER.
A general banking business transacted, and customers given every
accommodation consistent with safe and conservative banking.
Bank open from nine to twelve and from one to three.
ifOPYR
When the Mists have Cleared Away
You will want. to make quick work with your
garden. We carry the finest line of the cel
ebrated Planet Jr. Tools in the county. Send
for catalogue, or better call - and see v f pu'
CHURCHILL &
ROSEBURG, - -
W00LLEY
OREGON