Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The Plaindealer. (Roseburg, Or.) 1870-190? | View Entire Issue (July 30, 1903)
Vestera Oregon is Suitable for Nut
Why nut raising is not more generally
practiced is one of the things not easily
accounted for, when one considers the
-high prices which nearly all varieties
bring in the market, says the Farm Sen
"tinel. What other crop can the farmer
Taise that has so many advantages to
off set the small amount of labor and
care required, as nuts. They need little
care After being properly planted, com
pared to what fruit trees or other crops
do, and their product is less perishable
than almost any other article the farmer
The principal objection to planting
nut trees seems to be the length of time
one must wait before they will bring in
returns. But this is greatly exaggerated
in the popular mind. Many varieties of
nut trees bear as early as do fruit trees.
The care given them, too, has much to
do with their early bearing. Even our
common native varieties may be induced
to bear earlier than is their wont by
cutting back and otherwise giving them
The Japanese chestnut bears in three
or four years. The tree is small, grow
ing to only about half the height of our
native tree, and they are very product
ive. The nuts are of enormous size, be
ing from four to six times as large as the
American nut, but not so sweet and fine
in quality. They were first introduced
into this country about 1876, and there
are now several varieties, differing some
"whatin size, earliness, etc Some of the
earliest have sold for as high as $15 per
bushel in the large cities.
Another early bearing nut is the Jap
anese walnut, which comes into bearing
nearly as soon as the foregoing. There
are two forms of this nut, the oblong
(Siebokii) and the heart shaped iCordi
ormis), the latter being considered the
best for market.
The English walnut, or Maderia nut,
las been grown successfully in this
country as far north as Lockport, X. Y.,
by being raised from seed grown in this
country, bnt a little further south. By
planting each crop of nuts a little farther
north the locality where they were
grown it is probable that in time a stock
may be produced hardy enough to with
stand any climate. A dwarf variety of
bc English walnut is now offered, which
"is a decided advantage where land can
" not be spared for large trees. These
commence bearing quite young and are
The French, or Spanish chestnut,
" rhile not quite so sweet as our native
variety, is two or three times as large,
- and bears in about seven years from the
planting of the nut.
. Another nut which brings a good price
la, the filbert, of which there are two
distinct sorts offered in the catalogues;
the common, large, round ones with
'which we are all so familiar, and an
oblong variety, called the Kentish Cob
- filbert. The filbert is perfectly hardy,
-and is so small as to be called a bush
rather than a tree.
Of course, if young trees can be ob-
tained and be well cared for at the start, i
a-crapanay be had much earlier than
ifrxunlbe nuts. If the trees .are to be
"raised from seed select the finest speci
mens obtainable (you are planting for a
lifetime and want the best) place in a
box of sand as soon as gathered and
leave out of doors until spring so that
the frost may crack the hard shell; in
the spring plant out in the ground.
Cultivation of the ground, while not
absolutely essential, is to be recommend
ed to give the young trees a good start,
with no danger of being stunted ; and a
good mulch is desirable for several
years. When well established nut trees
will take care of themselves better than
any other crop one can raise, and every
year adds to their value and produc
tiveness. I have here considered only the value
of the nuts and have said nothing as to
the worth of the trees in other respects,
such as for shade, shelter, timber, etc
comparison. It is shorter (only 24 inches
long in the barrel), lighter, has greater
velocity, greater energy both at the
muzzle and at the longer ranges, than
the Krag-Jorgenson, the celebrated
Mauser, or the very excellent German
military rifle. The new Springfield
rifle is to be supplied to the regulararmy
just as fast as it can be turned out from
the government arsenal, which if work
ing at its capacity of 200 rifles a day,
could supply our army of 60,000 men in
about one year's time. The Krae-Jor-genson
rifle of the regulars are to be
passed on to the National Guard, and
they will carry them until the regular
army has been supplied with the new
rifle in their turn. The advantages of
arming the National Guard as well as
the regulars with the same pattern of
rifle, especially -hen it is such a mag
nificent weapon as this, are obvious.
The Tender Passion.
"I want a copy of 'The Tender Pas
sion," said the girl with pink cheeks
and blue eyes, to G. B. Cannon at the
" 'The Tender Passion,' certainly,"
he replied, smiling, but at the same
time scouring his memory for some clue
that would help him locate the book.
Into the Publishers' Index, catalogues,
pamphlets and announcements he dove
but no such title was there.
" 'The Tender Passion,' I believe you
wanted," he said with his most affable
"Yes I think that is the name," the
girl with the pink cheeks and blue eyes
replied. "It's by Ethel Watts."
"Oh!" said the man of books, "cer
tainly !" and when he returned beam
ing from the shelves he bore in his hand
"True Love," by Edith Wyatt.
C. Schmidt, guardian of Charles
Smith, a minor, authorized to sell at
public auction, the following real pro
perty belonging to his ward: Lots 1, 2
and 3, of sec 9, tp 13s, r 11 west, con
taining 150.15 acres.
Daniel Garrison appointed admr., and
Edgar Rone, N. A. Fosteer and H. A.
Collins appraisers of the estate of Han
nah Garrison, deceased.
Wm. H. and Ernest Koepke filed their
final account as executors of the estate
of Fritz Koepke, deceased. Final set
tlement of same set for Sept. 7, 1903, at
10 o'clack a. m.
G. W. Dimmick, J. D. Hamilton and
H. T. McClallen appointed appraisers
of the estate of Dixie M.Judy, a minor.
John H. Sbupe filed his final account
as admr. of the estate of Jane Patterson,
deceased, and Sept. 7, 1903, at 10 o'clock
a. m. fixed as day and time for final
hearing of same,
The Kind FrameJ
to bo used is very much a
matter of taste. It is import
ant, though, that the frames
set properly on (he nose, and
at the right distance from
the eyes. That the lenses
be perfectly centered, and
how are you to know when
some one is guessing.
Glasses Right, Good Sight,
, MRS. H. E ASTON
is prepared to wait upon old
and new customers and friends
with a full and complete
All fresh and of the very best
quality. Teas aad coffees are
specialties. Your patronage
t i ? r i
The Xerr-York Life
Thepabltc I hereby cautioned
asralsat dolus bnslnesi -with the
abOTC concern. It ban a faculty
ofdead-bcaUasr Its Jam bills and
any company dolus no will beat
lta patrons It It sets a chance.
This company la represented by j
W. J. Moon, Asrent.
The New Army Rifle.
It is stated that during our campaign
in Cuba there were no less than half a
dozen different kinds of rifles represent
ed in the American army of invasion,
says the Scientific American. The fact
that two entirely different types $he
Krag-Jorgenson and old Springfield
rifle constituted the main armament
of our troops, the former being used by
the regulars and the latter Dy the volun
teers, was in itself a snfficent handicap
to place our troops at a serious disad
vantage, particulary when it is born in
mind that the weight, range, and rapid
ity of fiie of the two weapons were wide
ly different. Hence, it is encouraging
to learn that the government has defi
nitely decided to adopt a new army
rifle. The new weapon is a most ex
cellent piecegreatly excelling, the best of
existing military rifles on every point of
The farmers around Pendleton
holding their wheat at 70 cents per bush
The Hawaiian Islands now want in
dependance and to be placed on the same
footing as Cuba.
Seattle was invaded on Tuesday
morning by thugs who entered the
Boulevard hotel, and at the muzzle of
guns robbed the guests.
All the Roman Catholic Cardinals are
now in Home, ana tne log roiling ana
rail splitting eoine on is equal to a
Tammany gathering to nominated
Mayor for New York.
A score of political dead ducks met in
Denver, on Monday, to organize a new
political party on the reJorm order. The
chief members of the organization are
from the late populist party.
The Reliance has been officially desig
nated by the New York City Yacht Club
to defend the cup aeainetSir Thomas
Lipton's boat Shamrock III. The con
test bids fair to be very exciting and
Dispatches received say that 18 Bui
garian officers have left Sofia for Salon
ica for the purpose of renewing the
dvnamite outrages. Several of them are
supposed to have already arrived here.
The population is anxious.
In the Wall Street flurry and bull and
bear fight, Harriman won and the South
era Pacific stock came out on top
was an effort made to cripple the South
Pacific railroad in the interest
other lines, and the measure failed.
John D. Long, United States Consul
General at Cairo, Egypt, died Tuesday
morning at Dunbar, Scotland, where he
had been visiting friends. His death
was the result of an accidential fall which
occured yesterday. In the dark Mr,
Long missed his footing and fell from
steps of the house where he was stop
ping, fracturing his skull. He was tour
ing Scotland, preparatory to returning to
the United States. Mr. Long, whose
home was in St. Augustine, Fla., was
aDDointed Consul-General at Cairo in
October, 1900. He was 57 years old.
and Main Streets
Mrs. Belle Collins
A GREAT COHPANY
All Colored Summer
Goods Reduced to
We must maKe room for New Goods
WOLLENBERG BROS., Phone 801.
Of your life if you buy a buggy, hack or road wagon before
you inspect our stock of John Deere vehicles.
We Are After You
Haven't missed a sale since car arrived.
?-pring goods ever brought to the count'.
Finest line of
Title (iuarantee&Loan Co.
D C. Baxiltox,
ODce In the Court Boom. B&Te the only com
pleteset ot abt tract books In Donilas County
Abstract and Certificates ol Title taralibed to
Douglas coantr land and alning c ill mi. Bare
also a corapiete set of Tracings of all tomuMp
piaa ib tne Koaeonrjc. ursgon, u. o. ua a vit
triet. Will make bin prtat copies of any town
N. A. FOSTER & CO.,
Of every descnvtion. Farms and Min
Oregon, Washington and
CHURCHILL & W00LLEY
A. C. MRSTERS & CO.
Abstract of TiUe to Deeded Land.
Papers prepared for filing on Govern
Blue Prints of Township Maps showing
all vacant Lands.
Plans and Estimates for alt Build
ings. Special designs for Office Fixtures
Office in new Bank Building. 'Phone 415
The Greatest Farm Paper ol the North
west. Published weekly at Balem. Ore
con. Edited by the Farmers of the
RNorthweit. Twenty Pages. Illustrated.
A WESTERN PAPER
FAR WESTERN PEOPLE
3 Papers for $1.00. Less than acta each
Publication began March 1, 1900. Now
has 0,300 subscribers. Phenomenal growth
is due to Its being tho best farm paper pub
lished. YOU SHOULD READ IT
HOMESTEAD AND PLAINDEALER
$2.75 A YEAS.
We Want Your Patronage
and as an inducement we offer U. S. P.
Standard Drugs, Fresh Patent Medicines,
High Grade Perfumes, Soaps, Toilet Arti
cles, and Specialties
to THE ROSELEAF for
KND SMOKERS' SUPPLIES.
Jackson Street, - - Roseburg, Oregon
Ft. W- PENN.
(Lately with the government gsographical and geological surrey of Brazil.
United States Deputy Mineral Surveyor.
ROSHBURG, OREGON.. Comaponuencewlicited
Office over Postoffice.
Buy Your Watches
and Clocks at
HND BE ON TI7UCE.
Buy Your Jewelry and Silverware at Salzman's
7SND CUT K SHINE.