The Plaindealer. (Roseburg, Or.) 1870-190?, December 08, 1898, Image 1

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Vol. XXIX.
No. 77.
Huiluly .VleetlllB.
It I'd. Kl.Krf. UtiHI-.lllllU I.OIXiK. NO. IIJA.
ImiI'1 thMit r-Mulr t'i,tHiuil aliima ai Ilia
l it (I. r Imll nit k' imiiiI mill lun 1 til llmixUy
il I'Hi'li M111111I1, All iiii'tuln'ra r"iiil'l lu at
1 1 iv 1; 11 1 , ant ml v 1 t ( 1 1 u liiullicm cur-
1111) llivlluif III llll. Ml. I
l( A II. UII'M.K, h. i n iar.
OnHil.tH 1 (MINI II., Nil. U Jl(. (i. II. A. M i
mm'l jr Wnlin aiUy viulliK at I
ii'cIih'Ii In llio nl'l MdmiiiIii Hull, V lulling
lirutli.'ii mi. i'.iiliull liiMUil lomU'inl.
', II. I aKMuM,
tn.j. v. I'Kiiuy. ( iiiiiiiilnr.
IWntilillllil him trial) .
I At'lll'.l. I.IIHUK, A. Y. A A. M . HKUHUO
l iiiixiIIiiki lliu V.I ami 4111 Wodlieeda)' 10
aei'h lilliltl,
I KI.K JultNi-ilN, W. M.
N, I. JhMkii, rt'icy.
tilllLKIAKIAN LOtrtiK. .NO. , 1 V. O. V.
A im-et Hnlni.liijf rii-iilng ol each Hruk at
llmll hall III O.l'l K.llow li'in.lfl at Itox-bu IK.
MmiilM-ra ul lio.iiil.'i In kimI atatitltur an- Invit
ed In aliml. J. W. nl HAM. K, N.U.
N. T. J ki I, - y .
RtMKIIt'K'i LOIniK, SO. I, A. O. V. W.
uurla llii' mnil'l mnl (ninth Momlara nl
r.-h mmilli l 7 11 .. in. ( IM1 Krlluna hall.
Momlwtaol llm r lu k.mhI tmiilliiic era In
llod w mtvii'l.
RKNOIOlT, NO. O. A. II . M K K Tit Til II
Drat mnl tlilnt Itiurtilara ul mi ll wiMilll,
m '.' . in
DMKN'rt Itl.l.ll K OKI Nl). H, ME K1
tint kii.I tlilcl I iiilaja In i-arh uimilli.
RUHKIIl IU, I II A I I T it. NO. . II. K. rl., M KK ill
tiio in-1 mi.l Hiii'l lliur'lu il men
Mill. I ll: Ml VMUK'IOK, W . M.
IlK'.lNA it A I', mi- ).
MixKiirr.u mvihioN m 4v. ii. or n,
m 1 1 .iM imil ami Immli Holiday.
I.I II , nilldl!, Nil. ,. K. OK l. MKKIlt
uvi-l T Wrdm-aday mnll'S t "'I'1 Poll-ma
Mali VI..UHH KniKii'.a In K"' elaiidlus vol
Hall, tut tt -I Ul alluiid.
rriilraaluunl t'nrli
UHKUK m raaii. rui tl'aTIW.
Attoj -Hcys-at-Law,
Kir.iui. 7 and
f. A Wllaun llloik.
KUcMIl Ko. UK.
Attorn!y and CouiiMelor at Law,
Will pr4ll;o In all Iba rt.urU of Ike blale. Of.
m In Marat' I- lluu-liiiit. tl"Utfle auunly. Or.
Kavlrw Htill.UllK,
Attoruoy at Law,
II.Hiui a,
IbHimn I aii'l
la.'1'luw lliiil lm.:. K'J-KHL It'., OHKdoN
m. cruwroRD,
Atlonu'y at Law,
K')ui.l 1 '., Mar.l. ra HKIx , KdMIJl' ItU, OH.
f lliiim. Ilor.' Ihg I'. S. I.aml ORIc aud
niiuiim rat a .iwialty.
Lain Ki'iuivii 1'. H. I.nn.l Ultic.
Norttiern Pacific KailroaJ Company.
Aid Biilliii'i lirk'ttri to nil (iiiintH lvAut nl
hull Hit) rt'Ktiliir r.iU'n.
D. S. K. lit U K,
I ot'iU Arfiiul No. Munilura luiililing.
Or KICK, WJ Jiicknuii bliu l, at ua
I I. lice ul Mm. J. lllixir.
I.r U MILLER. M. I).,
"Chruulo dlaaaaea a apaclalty.
HO I liL a2L
MUd. U. ('. Mil l.AI.I.KN, rrni.
I.amc, Kim' Hainplu Ituuma.
Krcu 'llii" to mnl Krnm Truhm. R0SESU&9,
Crockery and
Glassware !
I.arH.'nt ami Klni'Nt Aaaorliiu'iit
evo ibrmirilit tu UiiriuUurK
Alan a coinplcto llnoot clmlco
Ton.vcctm and ciuakii
All kinds of Country Produce
Halm of I'lgs.
Any oiio wlhhinK tu puruhueu "Uului ul
l'lgs" tun tlu hu by calling on or hi!
dreealnu Miih, Annik JIkiuluv,
02 t'uwu Kl., Kiistibnrg, Or,
New Store !
Staple and Fancy
Country Produce Bought and Sold
Low Prices !
Fall and
Winter Goods
Just Received
rm and More Coming.
Call and F;xamine our Mammoth stock.
The People's Store
I. ABRAHAM, Prop'r.
A complete line of
Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots & Shoes,
Furnishing Goods, Mats, Caps, Capes, Jackets,
and a tine line of Millinery Goods.
Everything New, purchased for Cash direct from Eastern
manufacturers, especially for the Fall Trade.
Call and cxaimiuc Goods and Prices.
Health is
Pure Fresh Drugs
A. U iVlAK l fcKfc CC LU.
Filled Accurately
And With Dispatch.
A Full Line of Patent Hedicines and
Toilet Preparations
Special Sale
Great Reduction
in Prices of
$75 lied Room
ilO " "
A Eine Line of Chairs, formerly $1.50, now $1.00.
Now is the time to get Big Values.
Call, examine and be convinced.
Alexander & Strong.
New Goods!
Free Delivery
Wealth !
Suit for $35
" 2 5
Marked by Clrcnmstencet of
Inusuel Interest.
Spectator! Com In Crowd to Wit
nM It Public n4 Diplomatic
OafltrlM Packed.
WahmiXiton, Dc. 5. (Joourwi reai:
asbteil uoder eireomiUncea of uo
oiur.1 public loteratt. 'Tb aamaeoa-
(Cms all montba ago declared war
againit Spain, and now with tbe war
on glit aod won, it came together (or tbe
first legislative eonaideratlan of qntt-
tiona diT(iloied by the ereotfal moothi
jaat pinned. Tbe iplrlt of tbe cocation
wan not, however, ooe ol espectaocj,
for the few .aiootba left to tbe eilatence
of the Win ongrea gave promiae of
little uiure tban tbe beiaoioi of mo-
njentu-)i)i policies and problems growiog
out of the war.
Long before the noon hour, when aen-
ate and houe begao work, tbe corridors
were filled mith targiog crowds in tbe
rotunda and etetoarr ball, and pushing
toward the galleries. Dy II o'clock
tbe leadere bfgan to make tbeir appear
ance and ti.e pobllc galleries filed rafd
At 1 :25 tbe committee appointed to
wait upon tbe president reported tbe
performance of Its da tin and announced
that tbe president would commOnicate
itb tbe senate in writing, ricarcely
had the report been mads wbeo Troden
entered tbe chamber aod presented tbe
moestge. Ilobait laid It before tLe
senate aod the reading begau at once.
Alter reviewing the can tea which lead
to the war with Spain, tbe destruction
of the Maine, tbo preparations for war,
the proposal of ao armistice, declaration
of war, progress aod termination of bos-
tilities, tbe terms of tbe protocol and
other subjects beartng on the war with
Spain, tbe president eaid:
As soon aa we are ia possession of
Cuba aod have pacified the island, it
will be neceeesry to give aUI and direc
tion to this people to form a government
for themaelvee. This should be under
taken at the earliest moment consistent
with safety and assured success. It is
important that our relatioos with these
people shall be of the most friendly
character, and our commercial relations
close and reciprocal. It eboolJ be oar
duty to assist in every proper way to
build up tbo waste places of I be island,
encourage tbe industry of tbo people and
assist tbem to form a government which
shall be free and independent, thus real
izing tbe beat aspirations of the Cuban
Spanish rule must be replaced by a
just, benevolent and bussane govern
ment, created by the people of Ooba,
capable of performing all international
ODiigauons, ami wmco naii encourage
thrift, industry and prosperity and pro
mote peace aud good will among all of
the inhabitants, whatever may Lave
been their relations io tbe past. Neith
er revenge nor passion should bave a
place in the nrw government. Until
there is complete tranquility oo the is
land and a stable government inangor
A . ....
aieu, military occupation win be con
I bsve loond ocvsaioo to approach the
Argentine government with a view to
removing differences of rate charges im
posed upon the cables of an American
corporation in tbe transmission between
Duenos Ayres and the eltiea of Uruguay
and Brazil of through meeaagts passing
from and to the Inited Btatea. Al
though the matter is complicated by ex
clusive concessions by Uruguay and
Brazil to foreign companies, there is a
strong hope that a good understanding
will be reached and that the important
channels of communication between the
United States and tbe Atlantic cities of
South America may be freed from aa al
most prohibitory discrimination.
The Nicaragua canal commission, un
der Kear-Admiral John U. Walker, ap
pointed July 24, 1897, under tbo author
ity of a provision iu tbe suudry civil act
of June 4, ol that year, has nearly com
pleted Its labors, aud the results of its
exbauHtive inquiry into the proper
route, tbe feasibility and the cost of con
struction of an interoceaulc canal by the
Nicaragua route, will be laid before you.
In the pertorirauce of its work tbe com
mission received all possible courtesy
and assistance from the governments of
Nicaragua aod Costa Hica, which thns
testified their appreciation of tho im
portance of giving a speedy and practi
cal outcome of the project that baa for so
many years ennroGeed tbe attention of
tbe respective countries.
As tbe scope of recent Inquiry embrac
ed tbe whole subject with tbe aim of
making plans aud surveys for a canal by
tbe most couveuieut route, it nscessar
ily Ipcltiilod a review of tbo results of
previous surveys aud plane, aud lu par
titular (hoe adopted by the Msritims
Canal Company under its suiting con
cessions from Nicaragua and Coita Kica,
ao that to this silent these grants neces
sarily bold ao essetitial pert in tbo de
liberations aod conclusions of the canal
commission as tbsy have held and most
needs bold in the discussion of ibo e-al-ter
by congress. Under these circum
stances, and la view of overtures made
to tbo government of Nlcersgue aod
Costa Rica by other partle fur a new
CAoal cobceeeioo predicated on tbo as
sumed approaching lapee of tbo coo-
tracts of the Maritime Caoal Coropaoy
with those states, I bave not hesitated to
eipress my convictions that eonsldera
tions of eipedieocy and international
policy, as tietween tho several govern
ments Interested in tbo construction sad
eoulroroT an interoceanic canal by Ibis
route reqaire tbo maintenance ol tbe
status quo until the canal commission
shall bavo reported aod the United
States congress sbsll bavs had tbe op
portunity to peso finally np n the whole
matter during the present session with
out prejudice by reason ol any change
in tbe esisting conditions.
Nevertheless, it appears that tbe gov
ernment of Nicaragua, as one of iti last
sovereign acta before merging its powers
in those of tbe newly formed United
Btates of Central America, has granted
an optional concession to another asso
ciation to become effective on tbo ei-
piration of tbe present giant. It djes
not appear that surveys have been made
or what rou e is proposed onder this
concession, so that an examination of
the feasibility of its plans is necessarily
not embraced in the report of the canal
commission. All tbese circumstances
suggest the urgency of soine defloi!
action by congress at this sesebo if tbo
labors ol. tbe past are to be utilized and
tbe linking ol tbe Atlantic aod Pacific
oceans by a pratical waterway la to bs
That the coubtruction of such a mari
time highway is now more then ever in
dispensable to that iotiinate and read?
intercommunication bstween ojr eastern
and western seaboards demanded by tbo
annexation of tbe Hawaiian ialaoda and
tbe prospective expansion of oar influ
ence and commerce to tbo Pacific, and
that our national policy now more im
peratively than'ever. calls fo its control
by this government, are propositions
which I doubt not congress will duly ap
preciate and wisely act upon.
A convention providing for tbo revival
of the late United.States and Chilean
claims commission and tbe consideration
of ctalmo which were duly presented to
tbe late commission, but not considered
because of tho expiration of tbo time
limited for the duration of tbe commis
sion, was signed May 24, 1897, and baa
remained unacted upon by the aenate.
Tbe term therein fixed for effecting tbo
exchange of ratifications having elapsed,
tbe convention fall, unless tbe time be
extended by amendment, which I am
endeavoring to bring about, with tbo
friendly concurrence of the Cblleau gov
Tbe United Slates baa not been an in
different spectator of the extraordinary
eveote transpiring in tbe Chinese empire
whereby portions of its maritime prov
inces are passing under tbe control of
various European powers; bot the pros
pect that the vast commerce which lbs
energy of our citizens and the necessity
of our staple productions for Chinese urea
has built up in those regions may not bo
prejudiced through any exoluiire treat
ment by the new ocenpanta has obviated
tbe need of our country becoming an act
or in the scene. Our position among na
tions, having a large Pacific coast and a
constantly expanding direct trade with
tbe farther Orient, gives ns the equitable
claim to consideration and friendly treat
ment in Ibis regard, and it will be my
aim to suoeerve our large interests 10
that quarter by all means appropriate to
the consistent policy ot our government.
The territories of Klao-Chou, of Wei-Hal-Wei,
and of Port Arthur and Ta
lieu Wan leased to Germany, Great Brit
ain and Russia respectively for terms of
years, will, It is announced, add to in
ternational commerce during such ooco
palioo, and if no discriminating treat
ment of American citizens and their
trade be found to exist or be hereafter
developed, the desire of this government
would appear to be realized.
Meanwhile, there may be just ground
for disquietude, in view of the unrest and
revival of tbe old sentiment of opposition
and prejudice to alieo people which per
vades certain of the Chinese provinces.
As iu tbe case ol tbe attacks upon our
citizens in See Cbuan and at Ko Tien in
18&, tbo United States minister bss been
instructed to secure the fullest measure
ol protection, both local aud Imperial,
for auy menace to Ameclcan intereets,
and to demand, iu case of lawless injury
to pereous or property, instant repara
tion appropriate to tbe case. Warships
bave been stationed at Tien-Tsin for
more ready observatiou of tbe disorders
which bave invaded even tbo Cbiueas
capital, so as to be In a position to act,
should need arise, while a guard of ma-
rluea baa been sent to Peking to affoid
tbe minister tbe same measure ot auto-
oritlve protectiou as tbe representatives
of other nations bavs beeu couBtrsiued
to employ,
The cuniumclsl artaugeuients mads
with Franco on May 28, 1803, undsr tho
provisions of section 3. of the tariff act
of 1807, wsnl Into effect oo Juno 1 follow
ing. It bss relieved a portion of our ex
port trade from serious embarrassment.
Further negotlationa are now pending
under section 4 of tho earns act, with a
view to tho Incrssso of trsde between
tbo two countries to their mutual ad
vantage. Negotiations with other gov-
oromsnta, In part interrupted by the war (
with Spaio, are la proRresa under both j
sections ei tbo tars act. I nope to n
able to announce soma of tho results of
these negotlationa daring the present
session of eongrsss.
rsisxDLisns or obbat sarrus.
Our relations with Greet'Brltian bavo
continued on tbo most. friendly footing.
Assenting to our request, tbo protection
of Americans and tbeir Intereets la Span
ish juried ictioo was assured by the dip
lomatic and consular representatives of
Great Britiaa, whefalfllled their delicate
and ardoouo tract with tact and zeal,
eliciting high commendation. I may bo
allowed to Boko fitting allusion to tbo
instsnco of Mr. Samsden, her msjesty's
consul al Santiago do Cuba, whoso on
timely death, after distinguished service
and untiring eflorte daring tbo siege of
tbst city, was aincorely lamented.
In tbo early part of April last, pursu
ant to a request made at tbo' Instance of
the secretary of slate to the British am
bassador at thia cspitol, tbo Canadian
government granted facilities for tbo
passage of United States revenue cutters
from the Lskes to tbo Atlantic coast by
way of tbo Canadian canal and tbe at.
Lawrence river. Tbe vessels bad
reached Lake Ontario and were tbero
awaiting tbo opening of navigation wbeo
war was dselared between tbe United
8'atea and Spain. Her majwty'a gov
ernment thereupon, by a communication
of tbe Utter part of April, stated that tbe
permission granted before the outbreak
of hostilities would not bs withdrawn,
provided the United 8tatee government
gave asso ranee that tbo vessel io ques
tion would proceed to a United States
port w'rtboot engaging in any hojtile
operation. This government promptly
agreed to tbo stipulated condition, it
being understood that tbe vessel would
not be prohibited from resenting any
boetile attack.
It will give me special satisfaction if I
shall be authorised to communicate to
you a favorable eonclsulon of tho pend
ing negotiations with 3 rest Britiaa in re
spect to tbe Dominion ol CanaJa. It is
tho earnest wish of this government to re
move all of discord and irritation
in relatione witb the neighboring do
minion. Tbe trade between tbe two
countries ia e-jostant to both countries
that all reasonable facilitieo should be
grsntsd for ita development.
saw ma emus policy.
The annexation of Hawaii aod the
changed relations of tbe United States to
Cuba, Porto Rico and tbs Philippines
resulting from tbe war, compel the
prompt adoption of a maritime policy by
frequent steamship communication en
couraged by the United States, under
the American flag, with tbo newly ac
quired islands. Spsia famished to its
colonies, at an annual cost of about f 3,
0X1,000, steamship lines communicating
witb a portion of the world'e markets as
well aawith trade centers of the home
government. Tbe United States will
not undertake to do less. It la our duty
to furnish tbe people of Hawaii with fa
cilities, uoder national control, for their
export and import trade. It will be
conceded that tht. present situation calls
tor legislation which shall bo prompt,
durablo aod liberal.
The part wblch American merchant
vessels and their seamen performed in
tho war demonstrates tbst this service,
which1 furnished both pickets snd sec
ond line of defense, is a national neces
sity and sboold De encouraged in every
constitutional way. Details and metb
oda for the aocompliehment of this pur
pose are disensssd in tbe report of the
treasury, to which tbe attention of con
gress is respsctfally invited.
Under tho act ot congress approved
April 26, 1898, authorising tbe president
la bia discretion, upon a declaration of
war by congresa that war exists, I di
rected the increase of tbo tegular army
to the maximom of 62,000, authorized in
aaid act.
Tbero are now in tbe regular army
57.K62 officers and men. Io aaid act it
was provided: "That at tbo end of any
war io which tbo United States may be
come involved, the army sbsll be re
duced to a peace baaia by transfer in tbe
same arm of tbe service on absorption,
by promotion or bouorsbls discharge,
under such regulations as tho secretary
may establish, of supernumerary com
mand officers and tbo honorable dis
cbarge or transfer of supernumerary en
listed men, and nothing contained in
this act shall bo construed aa authoris
ing the permanent increase of tbe com
maud ot enlisted force of the regular
army beyond that now provided by tbe
law iu force prior to tho pasesge of this
act except as to the increase ol 25 ma
jors provided for lu section 1 hereof."
Tbe ituportauco of legislatlou for the
peruiaueut increase of tbe army is there
fore manifest, snd tbe war recomtneuda
liou of tbe secretary of war lor that pur
pose bas my unqualified approval.
There can be do question that st this
titue aud probably for some t'tns in tbe
future 100,000 men will lie none too
many to meet the necel"ee of tbo lltw
At all svents, whether that number
shall be required permanently , or not,
tbe power should be giveu to tho presi
dent to enlitt that force if In bie dlscrO
tlsn it should be necessary, and the far
ther discretion sUonld be givsn him to
recruit within tbe above limit from tho
inhabitant of the islam!s witb the gov
ernment of which we are charged.
It Is my purpose to muster out tho en
tire volunteer army as soon as congress
shall provide for ihe increase of the reg
ular establishment. This will be only an
act of justice, and will tie mncb appre
ciated by the brave meo wbo left their
homes and employments to help tho
country iu its emergency.
The ioetal service ol tbe country ad
vances with extraordinary growth.
Within 20 years both the revenues and
expenditures of the postuQice depart
ment bave multiplied three-folJ. Ia
tbo last ten years they bave nearly
doubled. Our postal business grows
much more rapidly (baa our population.
It now involves an expenditure of (100,-
030,000 a year, numbers 73,000 post
offices and enrolls 200,000 employee.
Thia remarkable extension of a service.
which ia an accurate index of tbe pub
lic conditions, presents gratifying evi
dence of the advancement of education,
of tbo incre&.ia of communication and
business activity and of tho improve
ment cf mail facilities, leading to tbeir
constantly augmenting use.
Tbe war witb Spain laid new and ex
ceptional labors on tbe poatoflire de
partment. Tbe mustering of the mill
tiry and naval forces of the United
States required special mail arrange
ments tor every camp and every cam
paign. Tbe communication between
home and camp was naturally eager and
sxpectant. In some of tbe larger places
of rendezvous as many as 50,000 ! iters a
day required handling. This necessity
was met by the prompt detail of exper
ienced men tbs esUblis'jed force
and by directing all the instrumentali
ties ot tbe railway mail and poetoffice
services) far at uecwary to tbis new
need. Congress paeJ an act empower-
eriog tbo postal ts'.er-xsnera! to establish
an office or brane'i at every military
camp or station, and under this suthoit
ty tbe postal machinery was speedily
put into effective operation.
Under the same authority when our
forces advanced opon Cuba, Porto Rico
and the Philippine, they were attended
aod folio ve 1 by ttie putit service.
Though t!i9 act of congress authorized
tbe appotfi'tnmt of pst mailers where
necessary, it was e trlj determined that
tbe public interests would be beet sub
served not by i.ew designations, but by
the detail of experienced men familiar
with every branch of tbe service, aod
this policy was steadily follow e l. When
tbe territory which was tbe tbeater of
couflict came ioto our possession, it be
cause necessary to re-estib!ish mail facil
ities for tbe resident population as wbII
as to provide them for our forces of oc
cupation, aud the former requirement
was met through (be extension and ap
plication of the latter obligation. I pave
the requisite authority, aud the same
general principle was applied to this aa
other branches of civil administration
under military occupation.
The details are more particohrly
given in the report of the postmastsr
general, and while the work ii only just
begun, it ia pleasing to be able tossy
that tbe service iu tbe territory which
haa come under our control is already
materially improved. Mt'KlNLY.
Blind-fold, jh m
A woman has rgVr RWW"
L3 ZZ-
it Wind" in mat
ters of life and
health. She has
no right to shut
her eyes to the
plain facts of her
physical being
and the conse
quences of neg
lect. She has no
right to be wretch
ed and ill when
she might be hap
ov and free from
'"womes who drag through life weighed
down by some torturing, aragging weaa
ness or disease of their sex are not doing
their full duty to themselves. They are not
taking the means which enlightened eel
ence affords them of being well and strong
and capable.
These special complaints from which st
many women suffer are not necessary. Dr.
Pierce's Favorite Prescription positively
cures even the most severe and obstinate
''it's not a haphazard medicine. It is not
a " cure-all." It is a scientific remedy de
vised by an educated and experienced spe
cialist for the one purpose of curing the
special diseases of women.
Tens of thousands of women have been
restored to perfect health by this wonderful
"Prescription." In many instances they
were actually given up as hopeless by phy
siclans and family doctors.
' I have taken both your ' Golden Medical Dis
covery 1 and ' favorite pteacriutlon ' fur chronic
Inflammation of Ihe iiterua and bladder," wrilaa
Mra. M. A. Scott, of Park Rapida, Hubbard Co.,
Minn. " I al had atomoch trouble which was
terribly distressing. I have beeu cured of all. I
had auffered untold misery for four yeara pre
vioue to lakin your treatment, but began to feat
tbe good effect at once."
Dr. Pierce's thousand -page Illustrated
book, "The People's Common Senae Med
ical Adviser "contains information of price,
less value to women. A paper-bound copy
will be sent absolutely free on receipt of si
one-cent stamps to pay the cost of mailing
eiv. Address World's Dispensary Mrdieul
Association, Buffalo, N Y. Vor a handsome
cloth bound copy send 31 stamps.
v: v