! ROSKBURG OREGON, MONDAY, DECEMBER 5, x8g8. - Vol.. XXIX. No. 76. lot) 'let till; . HI II, KI.M, lloxKHI'ltO l.'UHiK, NO, HJU, hold llu'lr 11 KHlai i i'IiiimiiiiIi slliun at lh I (I (I. r. Iiall uii f 111. 1 iii fuiitili IiiiimUi f cili titnulli. Alt ini-iiilii'rH rriiiiiit4 lo at. Inn. I regularly, mill ml vlnlllna: lirolliuni out JUllY lln ll.iif lit nil. -ml CIIA. I.. IUIH.KY, U. It I It A II UIIUll.K, nj, retary. D')l'l,u 1 k.'.ni 11,, No, ii Jit, o (I, A. I!.. mmu uvriy U 1 lni'NilN)r urtMilliff Ml S ii'vlne In I In. oi Murium lull. Villlli limllxira r imritlally iivl"l alien-!. t:, 11. 1 nkiim, inn. v. rMV, Councilor. lienor. llliK Ht.i li'lHI)', LAUKKI, LOIiiili, A. K. 1 A. M , ItK'H'l.AS iikmhiiiiii Urn M mnl Mi VtilinljrB la tiih 1111111II1, HIKK JOHNSON, W. M. N. T. Jwti, Hi-iy. 1 III II. M A III A N lo. KIK. NO. n, I. U O. 1. niU Mt'it.r I'vciilnil ill l iti n wl ! lliolr Hall In Oilil fellow lniiin HI Kowourg, Mioulieri til lio toiler In nimil tuii.liu rn InvU Ml to ntU'liil J. . MIUM.K, N.U. N. ''. Jit, l"c )f. ROKRIIUHH lOIMiK, NO, Id, A. O. II. W. meets nix m iiii mnl IiiiiMIi Moiulajrs nl rli in. mill m 7 i , in. m Oil. I Kellows lull. Meuilirra ol tin-ur.l.-r in u.io.1 mmnlliif are lu- riioU lomu.ii.l R KNol'OHr. No .-i, II. A. It , MKKM Till Unit mnl lliii.l llnm.lmn ui tin it uioiitn, at 'J (I III vv OUKN H KM. Iff coitl'M No. lo, MKKTri II nl mnl lliii.l t-n.lays In ixli mull III. ROHKllt'lKH IIAlTHIt, SO (, (I. K. H..MII1X llio Let mnl Oih.l riiiirmUy il curb attain, Mill. I. IK Hll AMllllOUK, W. M. HKillN A ItArii, m e , R OxKIIL'IK IUVIMION NO .. B. OK UK.. tiirrla i'rrj "I"! lomiii minusj. Al.l'HA lolMIK, NO. 7. K. OK IV, MKKIU l ereiy iltn.liy rvcnlin nl U'M Kelluwi Hull. Vlnllinit KiiikuI I" ;''! nlmi'lmn -' Jlnlly luvlled Ui alieuJ. frolt-nHloiiiil CardM. u ) M. I'R.iwn. f HRIi, ru Tt ITIH JJROWN ft TUSTIN, Atturncys-;it-Luw, Koollla 7 mid x I .k WIIxhi IU..1 . KOhKIIL KO, OK w, II, WILLIS. Attorney an J Couiiholor at Law, Will rt.rllc In ll tt.fl n.urU . f lh NU.U Ol lev In Jlui.l. i. IIuiI Iiii.:. Ii.'uilu ruunly, Or. M. HAMUX. ' DUNTIST, Kvt K ' Inili lliii;, TIiIhU N". UOKIII lUi, OKKi.OS- IUk. 13. IlIDDLK, Attorney at Law, II. mhii . . . Imlur A W tl.i.ii IUW. KOSEHl lKl. OKKiioN. P W. UBNSON, Attorncy-at-Law. IVNim 1 mnl .' l.TIow IliilUiiMi no-Kill It'.. OUElioN Y M- CRAWFORD, Attorney at Law, Kutiuii. I 'V t, MuMl.r. Illiln , IIOSKIIUIUI, OK. rH""ti"'" bi'loro tin I'. M. Uml Olllco kDil uiuilui ci' 'i'i'lU)'. l.nto Uccclvir U. M. I.un.l Oillce. Northern Pacific Railroad Company. Aid RulliiiK (ii kuls to Mil polulH Hunt at IihK tbo tognlwr rati'". I). S. K. Iti u ic, Local Aguiit No. i;, MamitTH liuiMing. M YRA DIIOWN, M. D. OHICK, :W J ui -liMiii Hlrri I, nl rn liU'livv ul Mri. J. Hlnifr. J L. MILLER. M. D Surgeon and llomtxioiuthio lMiyHician, KotKburu, Orc(oH. dTCbronla dlHUM "pooUltr. STRICTLY 1IRST-CLA5S. f H0T131 -McCLALLEN. MKH. I). I'. Ma I.Al.l.KN, I'top. HEADQUARTERS FOR TRAVELING! MEN. hatiih ki;ahonahi..c. I.krgi), Kino Huiiiilu Huniim. Kroe 'Hun to mi'l Kruni Train. R0SESUR9. Crockery and Glassware! I.HrKi'il mi'l Kiiifhl Aksorlmi'iil uvo lliMURllt lo Ki'M'I'lirK AUo tt i'oniili;lO lliiuuf t'lioiiu GROCERIES TOBACTOa ANP CiCiAK1 All kinds of Country Produce TORS. N. BOVD Halm ol l lgs. Auy ono witthing to purcliiiuo "Hiilin oi Finn1' cuii ilo ho by cullini! on or ail UrcBaluK Mii:;. Annii. liiii ui.tv, (i()J Cuhu SI., Hnuiilmrki, Or. New Store I ciglers' A PULL Staple and Fancy GROCERIES Country Produce Bought and Sold TAYLOR & WILSON BLOCK f Low Prices I s Fall and Winter Goods Just Received and More f Call and Examine our Mammoth stock. SOMETHING NEW! NEW STORE! The People's Store I. ABRAHAM, Prop'r. mi mmum A complete line of Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots & Shoes, Furnishing Goods, Mats, Caps, Capes, Jackets, and a tine line of Millinery Goods. Everything New, purchased manufacturers, especially for the Eall Trade. Call and cxaimiuc Goods and Prices. Health is THEN Pure Fresh Drills SOLD BY A. C. MARSTERS & CO. Prescriptions Filled Accurately And With Dispatch. A Full Line of Patent Hedicines and Toilet Preparations Special Sale Great Reduction in Prices of $75 Bed Room US " " -q-O " " A Eiue Liue of Chairs, formerly $1.50, now 1.00. Now is the time to get Big Values. Call, examine and be convinced. Alexander & Strong, I New Goods I (grocery STOCK OF Free Delivery - Coming WOLLENBERG BROS. NEW GOODS! EVERYTHING NEW! for Cash direct from Eastern Wealth ! USE Furniture Suit for $35 " ' 2T.50 " 2 5 YE EDITOR'S ALASKAN COMMUNICATION lie Writes of the Capital City, Its Beautiful Surroundings and Varied Inhabitants THE GOVERNMENT OfflCIALS ARE EFFICIENT Judge Stratford Is of the Opinion That the Salaries Paid Them Do Not Fully Compensate for Their. Labors and Sairlflces-ln Love With Sitka. Fitea, Alka, JOV. 23, 1898. At about 11 o'clock on the tnorniug of Tuemlay, ths 8th day of, November, oar Hhip iteatned into Bitka barber and lied up at the governoidtit tirf. The fan, for a wonder, at thla none cl year, IB ebtninn ongoiQ , us view, winch for aablimeand tnctiaDtiog beauiy and torlioe bs, can bo aurpaied in but few, if any other ipot on the globe The wateii of tbe boy are aa smooth as gUK, and the inverted Jibadowa of the monulaiua are pictured Mn the boaoni of the watere, aa in a ai!ver mirror. More than a hundred green ielaride are Inter epersod la bea UderiDg confusion through out tbe bay, among which innumerable channels wind (heir way, until, viewed from some elevated point on the shore, the hay looks like some gigantic work in lamlscapa gardening, tbe channels re- sembling walks and drives among gjeen lawDB set with evergreens. The hay Is surrounded by mountains, which in many places come down to the water's edge, and no where leave more than a narrow strip of comparatively level land .between the shore and tbe mouutiiuc. At the entrance ol the found leading into the bay, stands Mt. lid net u m lie, an extinct volcano, and one of (he moat beautiful cone shaped mountains to be seen on tbe Pacific coast, or for that waiter, in America. On the other side Mount Verstovia rears her arrow eliaped head hih into tbe blue sky. All these mouutaioi have now put on their winter robes, and sordid and dull icdeed meat the man be who can !o k upon the Kens without having his heart thrilled with emotions at the beauiy and grandeur of the worka of the Creator. Sitka, the capital of the territory of Alaska, is one of the most quaint and in- te'entinK towns within the jurisdiction of the United States, both as to its his tory and iti conditions. IVrbais no wherein America can be found a place where there is jumbled together to many of the odds and ends of the civ ilization of two centuries, and of two continents, than in this almott on- known village. Here the black robed aud black whickered priest of the Greco-Kuseian church supported by the Russian government, and the college-bred minister of the Protestant church fresh from our Eastern states, conduct the affairs of their respective churches with as little reference to each other as if they w re on opposite sides of the world. Here within the shadow of tbe Greek Cathedral, with its richly decorated altats, its numerous paintings in oil embellished with draperies of sil ver and gold, its maBsiva caudle-sticks, chandeliers of silver, its books and rotu mnnlon service, studded with jewels, stands the little Presbyterian Church, simplo in design aud decoration. Here the modern cottage, with its modern furnishings, stands side by side with tbe massive, low, broad residence of tbe old Russiau barons, within whose spacious dining rooms and halls, with ceiliugs supported by massive beams of hewn cedar, almost a century ago there was gathered many of Russia's proud no bles. Here is a narrow street or path, on oue side of which is a community repre senting au enlightenment ai.d refinement which would compare favorably with that of any city ol the land. Among its inhabitants are to be found graduates of every prominent educational institu tions in the United States, and of many foreigu countries. Here are men who have sat with presidents and count as their persoual friends almost all the leadiug meu of tbe nation ; here are ladies who have graced the most fash ionable and cultured society of Wash ington and other Eastern cities. On the opposite side of the toot path is (he Siwaeh village, with its filth and ig uorance and superstition, with its totem poles and witch churma. Sitka is situated on the west side of liaranoff Inland, oue of the outside la lands of the archipelago which borders on the southern main land of Alaska. It is about 700 tnilea further west than Is San Francisco, and yet from bt-e tbe territory extends almost due west, a dis tance almost equal to the distance from New York to San Francisco. Old Sitka, which was situated about six iiiilea north of the present town, was founded by Baranoft, then tbe Russian governor of Alaska, in 1709. Iu 1803 the natives attacked the settle went during tbe absence of BaronotT and inaBtaued the inhabitants, with the ex ception of few who erraped, and de stroyed the bnildings. BarsnofT re turned in 1804 and after severely punish ing the natives for their croelty laid the foundation fjr the present town. It muet not be supposed that this waa the first settlement in Alaska, as the first permanent settlement was established on Kodiak Island, five hundred miles farther west, in 1784. Shka soon became tbe capital and ceuter of trade and commerce for the territory, and ship building and other in dustries flourished. After the transfer of tbe territory to the United Slate all these industries ceased, and today t is supported and kept alive entirely by tbe fact that it is the official residence tt the territorial officers ana is a point of in terest to tourists, who visit Ahuka dar ing tbe summer season. And yet this is, in my opinion, the moit natural and convenient place for the capitol of tbe territory. It is on the direct line of travel between the United Slates and tbe great body of Alaska, which lies west ana norm oi ner ana is yet as arceenible to tbe State and to Washing ton City as any other point would be. The government here owns a floe wharf and warehouses, besides numerous other buildings and grounds. There are, prop erly speaking, two towns of very nearly equal popula' ion adj lining eaco other, each of coarse fronting on the beach. I should judge that a thousand people made their homes here, half being white and the remainder being native Indiana or Creolea. By Creoles is meant the descendants of white fathers (mos'ly Russians) and native or Indian mothers. In addition to the natural beauty of the scenery surrounding the town, the picturesque bay, the towering mountains, and dense forests, ihere is in tbe town itself much to interert the traveler and especially the antiquarian and ethnolo gist. One of tbe moet interesting ob jects to tbe visitor is tbe Greco-Russian Church, which stands iu the center of tbe town and in the middle of tbe street. Tbe present building, which is in the form of a Greek croes, was begun in 1840 and completed and dedicated on St. Michael's day Nov. 2C, 1353, and baa therefore stood 50 years. - There is a cupola in front surmounted by a spire and Greek cross. Over tbs center of tbe main building is a dome supported by columns, tbe dome also surmounted by tbe Greek croes. To the left, aa the church is entered fr.m the Iront, is a chapel separated by a parti lion from the main body of tbe choreb. lne altars are shut off from the mam body of the church by lih partitions richly paiuted, carved and pannelled through which door of gilt, hangings from pillaeters, richly carved and mount ed with gold, admit the priest into the boly-of-holies. Beyond silver candlesticks six feet high, solid and massive, stand about the altars and a massive silver chandelier hangs from tbe center of the dome. Rich painting in oil emtxlisbed with draperies of silver and gold adorn the' walls. Some of these paintings are of great merit and are bo old that tbe name of the artist has been forgotten. The vestments and hangings of tbe altars are rich with decorations of gold and jewels. Tue books used by the priest, are nicely bound with ciasps, which shine witu gold, and sparkle wuh diamonds, ine -communion nerviue it rich aud costly, and the robes of the priest are rich with precious jewels. There are neither pews or eeata of any kind iu the church, the worshipers standing about the church during the services, which latt almost two hours. Many of the rich aud noble Russian families niuot bave seut their coutriou tiona to the new worid, to have con structed aud decorated bj richly this church in the wilderuete. Maoy of the old Russian buildings, both publio and private, still stand. The building in wbiuti I have been quartered, was form erly the reeideuce of the governors of the territory. It baa baen built ou to and enlarged, and is now tbe leading hotel in the town (tbe Mil I in ore). The original building was of massive logs, of yellow cedar, nicely bewu and dressed, and such is its lasting quality, that it is likely to aland for a century yet. In the room where I write, Lady Franklin, in 1852, came and spent the long tedious mouths, white toe expedt iton sent out by her, conducted lis fruit less search for her husband, Sir John Franklin, who lost his life in the frot'tn North. A'x.ttier, lit m a vry intialing ex perience it an boar, or better two or three, spent in tbe Sheldon Jackson maseam of valuable and Intoreating curios, gathered from all parts of the Arctie sin. The no lection Is said to he worth ( 10,000, and I bava n i d mht hoi tbal it would seil for that amount and even more. The collection I owned or controlled by lb Preaovterian Mission which here condoct extensive schools for th education of tbe native. My obaer rations were too limited to enable me to give any well founded opinion a to th moral and educational benefits derived bv tbe native from these schools. : Tbe native village, called tbe Ranch, la simply a friog of huoe. borderi ig close on th beach and dj lining th American town. There I no wet or road of any kind through tb tows, the house being boflt so cloM to tb line of high tide, a to lv only a foot path in front of tbetn. Th houses are mostly of two stories, of lumber weather boarded, and at well built. Tbey ar generally of bat on large room down etalr and on abov. Tb beach ia lined with tbir canoe mad from a single log, torn of them so large aa to bold Id roes. Long yean of experience has taught thsm th exact shape and contour, to Mcare the bwt result. I hare observed with considerable in terest, their work in canoe building, liavinj (sleeted, a log suitable for th purpose tbey first fashion tb outside, and then with an awl, of a length equal to tbe desired tbicknea of th aides and bottom of tbe eavoe, when finished tbey make holes alt over th snrfac. Then with a tool something like a ear- penler'a ads, tby hew th inside om! they strike tbe boles made with the awl After tbe canoe ia finished tbey plog np the bole with soft wood. When tbe interior is hewed out and the canoe finished, so far as tbe hewing is concerned, it is fiUed with water. which is brought almost to a boilimr poiot hj hot rock plunged iau it, Ui a when tbe wood is soltened by tbe water and steam, tbe canoe is further shaped by braces and sfas. Th canoe ia generally painted a dark green or black, aa that color corresponds more closely with the blending oi tbe shadowy shores ot tbo bays and inlets, thus allowing the boaters to approach nearer tbe wild birds and animals which thy hunt. This is the reaidsnee of th if rrito-tal officers, inclodiog the governor, secretary of the territory, judg of tbe district coort, diatrct attorney and marshal of tbe district, surveyor general, collector of costotbs and otbre. The United States land office ia located bare, ai d a company of marines are pot l here tor ibe protection of government property and for the purpose of assisting in main taining order. Although my observation was limited and my information gained moetly from tbe expressed opinions of others, I am of tbe opinion that the present officers, to whom is entrusted the administration of affairs here, are without exception, capable, honest and efficient officers, anxious to administer the affairs of their department, justly, economically, and for tbe best interest of all concerned, and if I should hereafter appear to commend the work of any one officer more than another, it will be be cause I bave bad more intimate person al or official relations with thsm than with others. All are hampered byond measure, by the lack of law, or by laws which are entirely inadequate or oniait- ed to tbe conditions and resonrees of the country. !r cfictal duUs cave hiuugut tue into very close relation with Bon William L. DIfltin, surveyor general of Alaska, a resident heretofore of Quincy, Illinois, a veteran of the Civil War and post-commander of the department of Illinois, G. A. R. I bave found General Distin to be a man of great business and executive ability, eminently fitted for (he duties of his office, and wttbal one of the most pleasant and genial gentle men whom it has ever bean my lot to meet. He has worked faithfully nnder great disadvantage to bring order oat of chaos, and to establish the service and bringing it into proper working order. He is bindered greatly by tbe distance from Washington and the great length of time necessary to communicate with his superiors. He is cramped and crowded lor room and facilities for bis work. Tbe govern ment is fortunate in securing the service of such a roan tor such a position, and be should bave greater conveniences for bis work, and bi duties or privileges should be extended so as to allow him o travel over the territory and familiarize himself with the needs oi his depart ment and the resource of tbe country. His salary also is entirely too small to compensate a man of bis experience and ability for leaving a home where all tbe pleasure and comforts of 111 can be en joyed, and Isolating himself in this nnt- of-the-way corner of tbe world. W-X only that but tbe neeeaeari and com forts ot life, or such of thia as ean be bad at any price, are so much dearer here tban In tbs States, that s salary on which one could live comfortably in tbe States is entirely inadequate for tbe same purpose her. These remarks however will apply equally to tbs salary of almost every other official iu Alaska It may be aaid thai U the salary not CO' sidered enough, persons need not ac cept the nfflce; that others can be found, men who would b glid to perform the duties for the compensation offered. That maybetraebai ihe government needs the services of the best men ; men of ability, ol inteirltyand worth. I presume that under th laws ss they now are, tbes officer receive all that can be paid them, but congress should make provision for payingjmen who come her on official business, a sum at least equal to that which their ability would com mand, in tbo business world. It mut not be supposed that I have sny personal interest in this question a my work bere will soon end and nothing that I abonld say on tbe subject can in tbe least bmefit me person ill v, but I bave an interest in seeing men of ability and integrity in charge of public busi ness end this can happen only when they are adequately paid for their services nd sacrifices. On account perhaps of tbe fact that Collector of Customs J. W. Ivey is an Oregon man and certainly on account of tbe fact tbat be Is one of the most hospitable and genuine gentlemen I bave ever bad tbe pleasure of becoming acquainted with, I bave during the past two weeks seen much of him and bave had an opportunity of becoming ac quainted with him, both socially and officially, and I do not hesitate to say tbat in my jadgmeot, based on both personal observation and extended in quiry of all classes of persons, that be is sn earnest, fearless, honest, and com petent public servant. Tbe very nature and extent of his duties precludes the possibility of bis being abie to avoid ad verse criticism. He not only has the ordinary duties of a collector of customs, bat it being unlawful to import intoxi cating liqnura in'o Alaska, it is made liU doty to prrvent such vi iU i .ns of n.e law. Owin to th rai ( panda to Alaska on account of tbt mini it f-xcile- me'it of the past two y.-ars, the m.ug gling of liquors into the country became a most lucrative bnaine, an. I .i goes it'iou' i-a ing Hiat t' H . ffi. h dfl'V it ha b n a ip trie I -..1 traffic, liax, if be has (.ith I y ei o do hi dntv. aa I eiv M Iv . . done, made a hoat f enemies, and of a clans too, who oold not ! ale to injure him io any maimer po-sib Mr. tvey ha bad aliuos' un-nnn u le difficulties to overcome, ani !. itl wonder ia thai he has sticc-' ded eil as be has He baa more tnao 50 ) mil of ahora line to guard, beside an im mense stretch of inl nd border, almo' all of which ia an inhopittli and at moat impasi le wilder-iese. He has nnd-r him subordinates who -r- eta'ioned at poin s so reunite B'.d inac cessible that he can c-Ofiimunira V- wuh them but once or twice a er, ami i auytbing goes wro'U wirh ore ! them almost a year woul I elapse bef re ' e matter could be adjusted. Notxi-D- standing all these difficulties, Mr. f-v baa mad an envia ble rerord as an hon est an efficient office r. In Governor John A. Bra ley I va t i old neighbor boy from Tipt n -.i.i ,t . Indiana. While we were not person .11. acquainted there, we bad many murua acquaintances, and I have had m.-e than oue pleasant visit with him and bis accomplished wire, while 1 bave bsen in Sitka. He came to Alaska about twenty vears ago as a misaionarv to tin Indians or natives of this country, and while he was not bog connected with. the. mission, he has remained bere an utb'i- iastic friend of tbe territory. I'erhtp no man in America, unless it h Sheldon Jackson, knows more of the history oi this country than U iveraor br.t ld. The two weeks tnat 1 nave spen' neie bave been extremely pleasant ones, I am in love Wth Sitka, with her beauti ful bay, set with islands of em era d green, with her towering moun ains, with tneir green robe ana wmt tur bans, with her water-falls and gl iera. I am in love with her refined and ho pitable people. There is one thing which I wish to impress on my readers and that is if yon should euer visit Sitka yon will miss half of tbe trip if you (ml to stop at the Millmore Hte. E. D. Stratkord. A sick man is like a man who (roca up in a balloon. He is blown hither and thither by the winds of disease. A traveler by rail or steamer has a regular track. He ia reasona bly certain of reaching a given destination; but the balloonist is at the mercy of totally No track, no course. uncertain elements, no rudder, no certainty that any breeze may not brine destruction. So with the sick man. His disordered constitution renders every natural operation uncertain. No organ can be depended on to do its normal work. Tbe stomach will not digest food; tbe liver will not filter bil ious poisons from the blood; the kidneya and skin will not excrete the waste. No regular nourishing or purifying process ia going on. There Is no certainty except tbe certainty of suffering. In all dyspeptic, bilious, debilitated con ditions, what is needed is to change tbe ab normal, erratic operations of the system into a natural, regular, straightforward pro. gress in tbe right direction. Nothing in the world will do this so rapidly and certainly aa Dr. Pierce'a Golden Medical Discovery. It directly regulates tb vitalizing fuuc tlons. It seta the stomach and liver Into natural, healthy operation and give tb blood-making glands power to manufacture an abundance of pure, rich blood. It creates appetite: builds up muscular strength, and banUhe nervousness and neuralgia. As it can be assimilated by tha weakest stomach, its uouriitliiug properties are far superior to nauseating cod liver oil in severe cougus anil an wasting mr"". The druggist who recommends something else aa "just as good " is thinking more of his ejrtra profit on the "just as good " kind than oi your wtlfart.