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About The Plaindealer. (Roseburg, Or.) 1870-190? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 17, 1896)
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IF YOU SEE IT Irt
1 You Don't Get tub News.
IT IS SO.
ROSEBURG, OREGON, MONDAY, AUGUST 17, 1896.
(Successor to J. JASKDU5K.)
Practical : Watchmaker, : Jeweler : and : Optician.
WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, AND FANCY COODS.
sltt- a Miaftt a Sicotlt 9'.
Cioiniliio LSi:iv.illui Kv o GlasHen nul Spootnolos
A COMTLKTK STOCK OF
Cutlery, Notions, Tobacco, Cigars and Smokers' Articles.
Also Proprietor ami llnuatcor of Koseburg's Famous Hnrgain Store.
STHTE -f SCHOOL-
i:icciitii Year llclii.i September 7tli, 1896.
Three Distinct Courses: Normal, Academic and Music.
ijtate diplomas, conferring the decree of Bachelor of Scientific Didactics,
awarded to those bo complete the Normal course, and pay the required fee.
Diplcmis from the school to those who finish the other courses.
Thorough work and teachers.training department. Erpensea low.
A limited amount of work will be given those who wish to thud pay a part of
their way through school.
Drain is a quiet, healthful little.town, situated 30 milea north of Rcseburg,
and has no saloons or other places of vica. The people are moral and true friends
of the student. The year just closed has. been a prosperous one for the school.
For full particniarst send for new catalogue., which will-be" promptly mailed to
you. Loris Bakzee, B. S. , President.
5 H. T. BLUMB,.
The City Meat Market,
And Dealer in
PRIME BACON, HAMS, LARD,
AND FRESH .MEATS
Orders Uien and Delivered Free
to any part of the City.
A FULL LlflE OF
ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.
Real Estate Bought and Sold
Farms, large and small, to Rent,
AND IMMEDIATE POSSESSION GIVEN.
Stock Ranges, Timber Lauds dud Mining Properties
'Prune and Hop Lauds of best quality, in choice locations
in quantities to suit intending purchasers, at reasonable
prices and easy terms, inquire ot
3D. S- -EC. BXJIOK,
ldaitt7,,Flsn and Game,
OF ALL KIND3.
A Choice Collection, at Prices that Sell
The new year opens Sept. 14.
M. F. Rapp,
Jsck-on Street, Roseburg, Ortjoo.
ZIQLER & PATTERSON,.
DEALERS IX ALL KINDS OF
STAPLE AND . FANCY . GROCERIES.
Give us a call. Goods delivered to
Corner Lane A Sheridan Streets,
The Collins House
Kirt t s-ticct cast ol Depot, one block north.
JWL. JWC B. 2T -M,
First Class $1.00 per Day House.
Kcct-ntly remolded, renovated and refurnished.
Ki;i:n and i.ivimv htaiii.i-: i? conmxtion.
TROTTING AND RUNNING PLATES A SPECIALTY,
REPAIRING OF ALl. KINDS I'ROMITLY DONE.
Hliup 011 Corner "WiiHliliijiton nnd Knnc 8tn., Roscliurir.
Marble and Granite Works.
Estimates Furnished on all
Ofllce mill Hnlenrcout. 1711 Oali Street.
Tho only NonnalJSchool aonth
ot Monmouth which baa a
four -year Kormal couth of
study and crania unlimited
Stato Normal School Diplomas
good (or life.
Graduate ol this school arc
allowed 62 credits by the Uni
versity of Oregon and arc ad
mitted to.tlie Freshman class
Training school throughout
the year in charge of mem
bers ol Senior claw and critic
teacher.-; Qthcr.COurscs: iCol
lege Preparatory, Business,
nation KSA, hall board
1.7. Xamlly board V.M to
4iX, Jodfftne In dormitory
60 cents, student famishing
Fine winters. Dure water.
and good society.
For ucw Catalogue or special In
W. T. VAN HCOV, President.
J Holliday g
m and Children.
BOUGHT AND SOLD.
uny part of the City in short order.
G. W. NOAH,
AGHISON & CO., Projrs.
Dealers In all kinds ol
and (Jranito Monuments
3. Portland Cement Curbing
lor Ccinotcry JLotH.
kinds of Cemetery Work
Stock Arguments of Calamity-Howl-ers
Explained and Examined.
A Pouieroy (Wash.) correspondent to
the Oregonian, says:
One of the stock arguments of the pop
ocralic howlers is that the gold-bag capi
talists and millionaires of the country
are attempting to "contract th cur
rency," and enhance tho purchasing
power of gold. Has this argument,
when sifted, even the semblance of com
mon sense? Hearing a populist advance
this so-called argument a few days ago,
I aeked him "tho question, "Who are the
plutocrats' in America? Who are pre
eminent in this scheme of contracting
the currency ?" He named over Gould,
Vanderbilt and Rockefeller in particular.
Ab this thing appears to be Tery 'catchy'
with the unthinking, a little examina
tion into its merits may serve a good
It is a well known fact that the wealth
of tho millionaires of tho country con
sists of property. When the average
man reads of the millions of the rich
men, he has before his vision vast bins
of $20 gold pieces; whereas, In fact, they
have hut little cash on hand at any time.
When we read of transactions in which
these men have exchanged hundreds of
thousands or millions of dollars, in no
instance was there a transfer of gold.
The wealth of the millionaire is prop
erty, and stock in railroads, or other cor
porations. What money the wealthy
have is generally loaned out and secured
by mortgages on property.
Now the question comes, What possi-
uie ieneni couiu 11 ie 10 men owning
these large amounts of properly, stock in
corporations or mortgages on property,
to lavor laws that wonld contract the cur
rency of the country and lower the valno
of the very property which constitutes
ieir wealth? Would there bo any good
eense in it? What possible object could
there bo in a man trying to depreciate
the value of his own property, and with
the property that forms the only secur
ity for money he has loaned? Djea not
every fall in property make him so much
poorer, and make the security of his
loans more shaky, and their collection
In short, the argument resolves itself
into just this: The goldbugs are en
gaged in-a big conspiracy to bring down
the price of their own property, destroy
their securities, and cot their rents in
two. The property of the wealthy comes
down with the property of the poor. All
property is governed by the same laws.
Those who own the most lose the most.
To hear theso prophets of despair des
cant on the efforts of the plutocrats to
bring on a contraction" one would sup
pose that the men owning costly brick
and stone business houses take delight
in having them stand idle and tcnantless
and having their income from rents cut
in two. It must be a melancholr sort of
pleasure for manufacturers to hive to
shut down their business places, and eee
their machinery cold and rusticg, and
the money with which they started their
plants still drawing interest, and eating
up their substance.
itecem esumstes enow mat the prop
erty of the Goulds and Vanderbilts in the
city and state of New Yorfc has shrunken
millions of dollars in value since the
stagnation of business has been upon the
country, and that their rental income has
declined in proportion. Populists are
howling ail over the land that these mil
lionaires anu an men ot business or
brains .who oppose their visionary
schemes are practically engaged in tear
ing down their ovn fortunes.
A cardinal principle of their doctrines
appears to be that men who are con
necteu witu banks or corporations must
necessarily be thieves, and are enemies
to nianKinu in general, ana to the poor
man in particular.
According to the popocrats, the gold-
bug plutocrats have been hoarding gold
away in the banks for years, in order to
make it appreciate in value. Do they
not know that hoarded money is idle
money; that draws no interest, and
makes no dividends? Don't they know
that money can bo increased only by
loaning or investment in business? Why
should men of wealth combine together
to work lor eucn laws ana conditions as
must make the profitable investment of
money impossible? Are men of large
wealth such fools as to have imagineJ
that they could combine and bring about
an enhancement of gold that would com
pensato for the loss of interest, loss of
profit on business investments, and the
ehrinkago of property values that we be
hold throughout the country today? The
fact is that almost overy time a populist
attempts to defend his theories he makes
statements that only need tracking to
their logical sequences to annihilate his
whole argument and creed.
The popocrat's argumeut is almost al
wayu not an argument, but an appeal to
prejudice or passion. They ignore the
plainest facts of history; they discard
contemptuously. the fixed laws of mone
tary science that aro substantiated by
tiio experience 01 nunureus ana even
thousands of years of experience, in all
forms of government and all concctvabl
conditions. They seem to bo deter
mined to not listen to the warnings
teachings of the past, but to go on
their mad attempt to plunge the bust
ness ol ttio country lu eliaos aim rum
and so bring untold misery upon thuso
powerless to help themselves. They
overlook the fact that if tho property and
wealth of (be plutocrat were cut down
5 per cent he could yet live inattlneace,
while if the scanty earnings of the poor,
ho scarcely make a living now. were
cut in two, it would invite starvation
and untold misery. The obstinate dis
position to turn a deaf ear to cairn. rea-
Bon, and Willi eyes 8 nut to tacts ana uni
versal experience push on regardlesa of
consequences, is something to almost
make ono lose faith in the ultimate suc
cess of u government of the people by
HIS TIRELESS TONGUE.
Young Mr. Bryan's transcontinental
trip has been all a rush and a hurrah.
From tho purling Platte to the ambling
Allegheny his tongue has waggsd in
cessantly and with vehemence, iud at
all the water-tank stations along his
route the political wiseacres aro still
talking about him and what he said to
them. In the Buckeye state and in
Pennsylvania lie found strong men pros
trated by the blighting, sizzling solar
heat, butjhe was too busily engaged in
saving the country to notice it. It
merely eerved to lubricate his jw.
In the state of Nebraska, where his
ability as a talker is best known, they
say that young Mr. Bryan never fails to
be ready for an emergency. He is
madiy in love with the sound of his own
voice, and never misses an opportunity
to ventilate it in public, One day when
he was riding in a railway car in 'Ne
braska a fellow passenger's hat dropped
out the window, and a small boy who
happened tobe standing where the
headgear fell picked it up and ran after
the train. A lot of people congregated
on the car platform cheered the lad to
encourage him, and in a moment young
Mr. Bryan was among them radiant
with expectation. "Where are they?"
eagerly asked. He was ready to
make a speech, and plainly showed
dissapointment when be saw there was
no surging assemblage of rustics clamor
ing for him.
But the canvas of young Mr. Bryan
will not be all a raree Tshow. The effer
vecsent period will reach its climax to
morrow, when he has been formally
notified of his nomination. After that
will find a defensive campaign on
hand which cannot be fought with vapid
metaphor and mere catchy phrase.
Crosses of gold and crowns of thorns
will not satisfy the sober thought of a
practical people. When the time for
reasoning arrives and compels him to
abandon his specially as a juggler in
rhetoric he mav find himself at more of
disadvantage than he has felt while
capturing a crazed convention or satis
fying the curiosity of gaping bumpkins
X-roads stations. His mouth has
served him well thus far. but if he de
pends upon it to carry him to victory he
wHl experience some difficulty in keep
ing his foot out of it. For to all men it
has become evident that the quantity of
gray matter behind it i3 disproportion
A New York Sun correspondent, an
authority on hop statistics, attributes
the low price of hops to over production.
He eays :
1. The average price of hops during
the last twentv years has been over 20
cents per pound.
. Hops can be raised at eight cents
. The average yield per acre is SQ0
4. The value of good average hop
land, when prices are normal, is $75 per
acre. A simple calculation shows that
for twenty years there has been an av
erage annual profit per acre of $96; and
that each year reckoned as an average
would pay the whole cost of the land.
Furthermore, in 1SS2, many hops sold
at SO cents per pound, making a profit as
above indicated of $560 per acre. Many
farmers bought hops,'instead of selling
their own, and in attempting to hold for
impossible prices, finally marketed their
hops for 20 cents per pound and less.
Others again took their profits and in
vested them largely in further hop
The history, therefore, of this trade is
simply that the result of the last .twenty
years of hop farming, if conducted on- a
strictly agricultural basis, would have
permitted the farmer to pay for his land
twenty times over, and actually in one
of these twenty years have netted him
enough money to make him independent
tor life. Can he be honest, therefore,
wheu he attributes the depression of the
last two or three years to a "crime" sup
posed to have been committed twenty
three years ago, and can he believe,
growing Irotn oU to 1UO per cent more
than the natural consumption of this
country that he can get along or tho one
baud without the trade of foreign coun
tries that buy our hops, or that on the
other tho coining of silver on an antique
basis would suddenly increase the man
nfacturo of beer from 50 to 100 per cent?
A Peculiarity of the Campaign.
Vice-Cliairman Apsloy of the Repub
licau Congressionional Committee said
yosterday: "A peculiar feature of this
campaign which 13 lorceil upon my no
tice in my work of disseminating litera
ture is the fact that, while in former
campaigns people were content with ab
stractsof speeches, they now demand
the full text of every utterance on the
questions of finance and government
revenues- that we can supply. There
seems to be no literature too long or
cumbersome for them lo read, and they
want tho best speeches of the past
decade on the subjects. While in the
paat brief articles and paragraphs, which
the cross-roads or street-corner debater
could adapt and use in his arguments,
took best with the people, iiow there is
anoverwhelmingdemandfor the fall and
complete argument. As a result we have
had to revise our plan, and are now
working the printers almost night and
day to supply the demand which every
mail brinda from all over the country,
West and South, aa well as East. Wash
W. J. BRYAN ON OPTION.
Mr.-Bryan, with regard to bimetalism,
said in his New York speech : "If there
are.two kinds of money, the option must
rest either with the debtor or creditor."
And he said, the interest of society in
general requires that the option as to
which kind is paid should rest with the
debtor. If the option be with the credi
tor, he will demand the better money,
but if the option be with the debtor, he
will pay the cheaper money."
Hers we have the demo-populist doc
trine from headquarters, from the great
light of populism. Let us see how that
will work. A manufacturer has a
thousand men on his pay roll. When
pay day comes, he is, sayIn debt $10,
000. In the course of business, the
manufacturer has taken $20,000, half of
which, say is in Bilver, he will, if the
silver be the cheaper, money, pay off
his workmen in silver, and vice versa,
in gold should, that be the cheaper, as
once it was.
Then when the laborer went to buy
his flour, meat, boots, coat or winter's
fuel, he would have nothing but cheap
money to pay for them, and the dealer
would charge him a corresponding in
crease in the prices of them to compen
sate Jfor having to take cheap money.
In such a case, who suffers, the monopo
lizing manufacturer or the poor work
The manufacturer having saved or
held back his better money, can. watch
his opportunity and make his purchases
of raw material with bis better monev
at a great advantage. The reuribliean
party has managed to keep silver and
paper an a par with gold, boU in its
purchasing and debt paying power.
Consequently silver and paper are not
inferior, in this respect, to gold.
If silver were the .Btandard metal with
business based upon it, and gold and
paper were kept on a parity with silver,
we would be opposed to a change of
standard. The only advantage gold has
now over coined silver is, it is sixteen
times more convient to handle, and is
therefore prefered to silver by the dif
ference in the ratio between them,
No Dry Rot Competition.
Some of our more or less esteemed con
temporaries are worried over the incon
sistency of indorsing the national repub
lican I platform ai.d supporting avowed
advocates of the free and unlimited coin
age of silver heresy for congress. So far
as this district is concerned republicans
do not believe that silver is the only
question which concerns our people.
They belieTe that if every warehouse in
the district were piled full of gold eagles
from foundation to ridgepole it would do
the farmers and fruitgrowers no good
were the country being flooded with the
products of pauper labor from the Old
They believe that the experience of
the past four years, including the time
the ax was held over the country, has
not been to the interests of our produ
cers of wool, raisins and California fruits.
They believe that no increase of any
money would be of benefit if they could
not get it in fair measure for their prod
ucts, and they do believe that fair prices
would obtain under the democratic pol
icy of buying the products of Europe,
China and Japan.
-fc-ven wnen republicans do believe in
free silver they also believe that a com
bination of free silyer and free trade will
take this country into ruin and entire
industrial collapse. Whatever they may
think of the silver issue as presented by
the double-tailed opposition they want
no more competition with the dry-rot
nations of earth. Tulare Register.
To the Public.
On and after this date, I wish it under
stood that my terms for all undertaker's
goods are cash with the order. I find it
impossible to do business on a credi
basis, and belive that I can do better by
my patrons and myself by selling strictly
for cash. P. Benedick, Undertaker.
Roseburg, Ore., April 12, 1895.
to turn straw into paper, our way.
Straw hats carried over are not worth a
song- We jumble our few hats together.
Each we propose to turn into a dollar
bill. If tho proposition strikes you we
might be induced to take silver. You,
the hat. J. Aeeauaji,
Two lots in Marshfield for hogs.
Two and one half lots in North Rose
burg, for stock ; hack or buggy in part
payment. Call on I. F. Rice & Coi