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About The Plaindealer. (Roseburg, Or.) 1870-190? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 6, 1896)
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ROSEBURG, OREGON, THURSDAY, AUGUST 6, i8g6.
(Successor to J. JASKULEK.)
Practical : Watchmaker, : Jeweler : ant! : Optician.
VTCUES, CLOCKS, JKWELUY. AND FANCY COOPS.
twotitituo lEz-iivslllsiit JByo GIiikkck mill iu-Iom
J COliriJCTE STOCK OK
Cutlery, Notion?, Tobacco. Cigars and Smokers' Articles.
Also l'n)5rtul.r ami Slnuner of ttosolmrg's Famous Harmful Storo.
STRTE -r NORMHL SCHOOL-
KlcvcutU Ycir tie-ins September 7U1, 1896.
Three Distinct Courses: Normal, Academic and Music.
Slate diplomas, conferring tho Jeered of Bachelor of Scientific Didactic?,
awarded to those lio complete the Normal coarse, and pay the required fee.
Diplomas from the school to those who finish the other courses.
Thorough work and teachers.training department. -Expenses low.
A limited amount of work will be given those who wish to thus pay a part of
their way through school.
Drain is a quiet, healthful little. town, situated 30 miles north of Roseburg,
and has no saloons or other places of viea. The people are moral and true friends
of the student. The year jest closed has been a prosperous one for the school.
For fall particulars! tend for new catalogue, which will be promptly mailed to
yen. Louis Bakzee, B. S., President.
H. T. BLUMB,.
The City Meat Market,
And Dealer in
PRIME BACON, HAMS, LARD,
AND FRESH MEATS
Orders Ukcn and Delivered Free
to tzj juri of the City.
A. C. MRSTER5 & Co
... . -fG
A Choice Collection, at Prices that Sell.
LIME PLASTER AMD CEMENT.
A FULL LIflE OF WIflQOW GLASS
ALL ORDERS PROMPTLY FILLED.
Real Estate Bought and Sold
Farms, large and small, to Rent,
AND IMMEDIATE POSSESSION GIVEN.
Stock Ranges, Timber Lands and Mining Properties
Prune and Hop Lands of best quality, in choice locations
in quantities to suit intending purchasers, at reasonable
prices ana easy terms, inquire 01
ID. S. .EC BUIOK,
I'oultrjr, Klsli utitl Cmuc
OP ALL KINDS.
Roseburg, Or. 5
The new yenr opens Kept,
;-iM. R Rapp,
2 PE INSCRIPTION
JacVson 5trcet. Roxbarz. Oregon.
Z1GLER & PATTERSON,.
STAPLE . AND . FANCY . GROCERIES.
Give us a call. Goods delivered to
Corner Lane & Sheridan Streets.
The Collins House
Flm Stiett cait of lX'iot, one block north,
First Class $1.00 per Day House.
f.u nil)- rei.;oJe'.eil, renovate! and rcfumiwiel.
JDST- KKED AM) UVIJUY HXAIII.K IX CONNKCTIO. -8i
'Successor to O. W. NOAH,
TROTTING AND RUNNING PLATES A SPECIALTY,
REl'-VIKING OK ALL. KIND3 I'KOMITLY DOSE.
HIioii on Corner Washington
Marble and Granite Works
Estimates Furnished on
Olllcc ami HalcNroom
The only Normal jfclinol fouth
of Monmouth which hni a
four year Xormal cuurt of
tlmbj nml urants unlimited
Mate Normal School DipIoiDHS
roo1 lor life.
(i rail nates ot thla hcIioijI arc
allowed crc.llts ly the Uni
versity of Oregon ami are nil
mittcd to the Freshman clan
Training school throughout
the yenr in charge of mem
ber of Senior clou anil critic
teacher. Other Courses: (JoN
leiro l'repnratory, Kusincjg,
;?Vi MhsIo, Art, Teachers' Jtcvlew
Tuition,-. liall board
II.7S, idintiy loam yrro to
lodjtluic in dormitory
v' vVCS. '&', Vv. so cents, siuueiu lurnwning
Vsrttr TT. WCifSi Fine winters, pure water,
and Rood society.
For new Cntnlojjue or special in.
W. T. VAX SCOY, ITCHltlcilt.
A COMPLETE LINE
ALL KINDS OF
BOUGHT AND SOLD.
cny part of the City in short order.
nml ICane HtH., KoHcbnrg.
AGH1S0N & CO., ProprsJ
Deitlcrsln all kinds ol
am! (Jrmiilc ioimimi'iits
Portland Cement Curbing
iVr Contetery Juls.-
all kinds of Cemetery Wor
7" Oak Street.
LET US CONSIDER IT.
It lias lioen (said by rm iiljh; v.jiter:,
"He who will no', n.ieoti i3 a hiol, ho i
wtio dare nut reason is a coward :.:id hi
who cannot r. ason i. ;i fool "
As 11 foundation upci which to ti ar a
logical struc'ure, knwIoHge id factp, '
thenries f.nd lelutioii uf causea -ii I rf
(ml iimaL 1 u (.ltattieI
lie uliu U el)- -louf fr im invftii; Ui
a I tii'-jr fn). 1'inii or a ft u ol lac a as-
stime ! to -s!st, liecan-- t'aey an- ilis
tah'.cfnl to liia predel:c:inc3, i.!ota or no
tions of things, is illy fi t"d to i-orreclly
1 iue of tin truth or fnlt-itv of :i rutittur.
In the domain of politic in ilic ''nited
Stat ; t' ero ii force-.! iijk.h titer copies
qvitition preKnaut with mighty reEtilts
the queftion of mott&y. Money, in its
proper iense, is a medium of tram-fen iog
one kind of property fcr another. Aside
from this use of gold or silver, as money,
they have but little intrinsic value, i. e.,
value in and of themselves, such as
food and drink to nourish the and
fuel and clothing to protect the body
from inclement weather. 15nt the ex-
srience of men has shown theul that
two mcta's aro better suited to be used
as money than any other obtainable in
Euflkient quantities. These ate gold
For the reason that these meluis are
ss destructible and !eF3 liable lo corro-
on from contact with the elements
an-I tther destroying S'ibstance?, thece
meials ara tho best adapted for money
es. It Las Leen found also that of
le two gold is the n.ost indcftructihle
and less cortosive, ar.d probably for
that reason it is the more valued cf the
wo. But whether that be so or not. it
a fact beyond controvert', that an
ounce of gold at the time of the eatab-
sbment of this covernment in 1702,
as considered rqual in va'ue to 15
ounces of silver, and on th3t rutio, the
cocsress fixed the relative value of the
t;o!d and silver coin.
This ratio continued in law till 1S31,
but the commercial ral:o3 fluctuated
kept widening till by the decreasing
ilue ot silver bullion compared with
the gold bullion wes nearly 10 of silver
to 1 oi gold. Now it is neatly 32 ol sil
ver to 1 of roIJ, in their bullion state.
It is also a fact that as cemmoditie?,
uncoined pure gold is worth as ninch as
coined void, while silver bullion i not
worth bat littlo more than ha'-f what it
This fact of coined silver being wcrth
in tho United States about double what
t is in the bullion seems to lead our sil-
ites to claim it is the government stamp
that c.ives it its value, i. e., fiat of law
males an ounce of eilver now worth a
dollar, while unstamped it is only worih
cents. If, then, the government
tamp makes an ounce of silver bnllion
woith one dollar, why stop at one dollar
an ounce? Why not stamp it twenty
dollars instead of one? Then we would
soon have 10 billion dollars of silver
money instead of 500 millions. That
woold give U3 a big i-er cajiu of money
about fl4U per head lor man, woman
and child. We could do business on
that we think.
But such a preposition is too absurd
for even silverites to entertain. Such a
proposition would not be maintained for
a minute by the wildest free stiver coin-
WAGES AND PRICES.
The desite ot the hsart and tlu bur
den of the song of the popecrat is to bet
ter the condition of the common peo
ple" or "tho masses," but he does not
make it quite clear whom he means bv
common people" or by "the masses.
Strictly speaking, we are a nation of
'common people," if titles oi nobility
are evidence of superiority. Nobilitvof
character and dignity of labor are th
basis of our social and political life, but
they are attribues of lofty manhood and
cannot be conferred by edict. .More
over, we are a nation of capitalist?, and
every capitalist is a sovereign. It must
be, then, that the popocrata mean to
better the condition of si! tho people
and not a particular class, but do they
mean the people generally when they
task about the "common people?" Cer
tainly not. They mean workiugmcn
a class of citizens or sovereigns whom
plutocratic class are said to be trving to
Assuming that we have a plutocratic
class that is bent upon makipg indus
trial slaves ot .the common people, are
thev Iikelv to succeed when, there could
not be more than one "plutocrat" to
ninety-nine "common people?" 15ut it
is tho wage-earners lliat the pppocrats
are to solicitous about, and it is fir thei
gieat, glorious nnd e'erunl good that
they would open tho mints of tho nation
to the free and unlimited coinage of il
ver without any safeguards whatever,
Without .stopping to inquire to what ex
lent these pojocrat orators are. moved to
champion the cause of la'ior by the hope
of ollice, wo would ask th-jui how labor
is to lie benefitted by their monetary
theories? It would not be benefitted at
all, but it would be greatly damaged.
Tho workinginairs capital is his me
chanical (kill, brain and linucio. lie
employs his capital and his wages are
his interest, and his interest money re
munerates his capital exactly in ratio to
its puichaso power in tho maikut where
hu buys his supplies.
Now, tho workitigtuati buys everything
ho uses, lie produces nothing whatever
Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report
for h'uiself but his wages. And not
only w, but ho ia a creditor man. The
ntouient he begins U employ his skill or
muile i-n -Monday morning, he becomes
his employer's creditor, and the debt in
creases every hour nntil pay-day comes
when the account is settled. Hut the
populist tell him that if the mints were
open to the free coinage of silver, inde
pendent of the labor that produces very
many of his supplies, and which buys
much of his employer's product, his
wages would bo higher. Lst that be
granted, but would not his supplies ad
vance in price too? "Would not every
thing he bays cost more? And does the
industrial or commercial world give any
account of wages ever rising higher than
commodity price? On the contrary,
there is cot a line of history that does
not prove that advances in waeea are
never in proportion to the advance in
The history ot labor and prices is that
prices move up quickly and often vi
!ent!y, whereas wages are the last to ad-
vacce and the first to decline.
What the "common people" and "the
masses' require is a circulating money
medium that is free from value fluctua
tion When the workinzman goes to
work on Monday morning and credits
his employer until pay-3ay he wants to
know that he will be paid in dollar?,
whose stability is as firm as the ever
lasting hills. The monetary system of
this country makes all forms of money
terchangeable on their own merit, but
their merit is obtained from their abil
ity to exchange themselyes for a stand
ard of money which is recognized every-
vhere as possessing full redemption
ower whether in the form of money or
os a merchantable commodity. fc. b.
WHAT THE PAPERS SAY.
In 1S92 Mr McKinley said: "The
tariil is now eighteen months old and
doing its own talking." The demo
cratic tariff is now two years old, and
has been talking long enough to talk a
great many flourishing industries to
death. Kansas City, Mo., Journal.
Toe popular demand for McKinley for
president is evidence that the country
will lie satisfied with nothing less than
thai the question of protection must be
pus!. el to the front and kept thete.
It is bound to be the issue once again,
and under the circumstances it will be
the heading issue. Wheeling, W. Va.,
The depressed conditions of trade and
labor demand speedy return to a policy
of high protection to American indus
tries. It is scandalous that this country,
which during thirty years of republican
administration had been steadily reduc
ing a national debt that was swollen to
huge proportions of the war engendered
by a long period of democratic ascend
ency, again has been forced to become a
borrower from foreign nations. The in
crease of the national debt fn a season of
peace is the result of that deficiency of
revenue that low tariff never tails to
bring about. In the time of protection
and prosperity the currency question
was nt troublesome. There is no rea
son to beliere that it will be troublesome
when protection and prosperity again
prevail Chicago, 111., Inter-Ocean.
So far as the worktngmen, business
men, farmers and manufacturers are
concerned, silver is a little issue like the
last paper on the tail of the kite. They
all think that what this country needs is
moic work, nioro business, better mar-
kets and a solid home market for home
manufactured goods likewise more rev
enue, so that the government shall not
run behind many millions of dollars a
year. Tribune, Tiffin, Ohio.
Tho thousands of wool growers who
have suffered a loss of many millions of
dollars during tha post three yeare, the
millions of artisans who were out of em
ployment durinn the democratic panic
and who have been employed since at
reduced wages, the hundreds of thou
sands of manufacturers who have seen
the fires die out of their furnaces because
of tho industrial depression, the other
thousands of merchants who have seen
their business dwindle during the past
three or four years, and the millions of
pjople who have felt in one way or an
other the effects of tho depression all
these are satisfied with tho present
monf v ttiunlard of the country. All
they want is to get more of (lie money
we have, as much, for instance, as they
got in the prosperous days of 1S02, when
thd United States was on the high tide
of prosperity under the oporation of the
Mckinley law. These are the people
who are iieiiiuKunig a restoration ot re
publican protection, the enactment of a
tariff law that will be fair to the people
of all sections of the country, and which
will not. only atlord protection to the'
capital and labor of ILo United States,
bnt at the same time ,make good the
democratic deficite in the treasury and
provide money with which to pay the
running expenses of thagovernment.
Cleveland, Ohio, Leader.
GOLD, SILVER, MONEY.
A popnli3t orator asserted in the Mis
souri state convention the other day
that "The government fixes the value ol
gold by making 22.23 grains of fine met
al equal a dollar. If the government
can do that it can make a silver dollar
by legislation." The trouble with oar
populist friend is that he is ignorant.
The government of the United States
does not fix the value of gold by assert
ing that a given number of grains are a
dollar. The grains in a dollar are put
there by international commerce and
were our populist orator to melt a gold
dollar and take the lump to the mint of
any nation he would get the equivalent
of an American gold dollar, less a small
charge for coinage. The stamp of a na
tion upon gold coin is to certify to its
fineness and not its quantity. If 371.25
grains of pure silver, that is, an Ameii
can silver dollar, were melted the lump
would be worth 54 centajind no more at
the mint of this or any other nation.
Mr. Bryan and his popocrat follow
ing say that an act of congress would
close the gap in yalue between 54 cents
and 100 cents, which is the difference in
the value of 371.25 grains of fine Bilver in
bullion and in an American dollar, but
they do not explain how they are going
to make the people ofother nations ac
cept such dollars in payment for com
modities purchased by us.
The reason why 371 .25 grains of
pure silver in the form of an American
dollar is the equivalent of 22.23 grains of
pure gold, either in coin or bnllion, is
because the faith, the integrity and the
moral sense of the government are
pledged to maintain silver dollars not
silver bnllion at par with gold, but
were the issue of silver and paper dollars
unlimited the government could not
carry out it pledge.
The republican party's plan to close
the gap between silver and gold is to
bring the nations with whom we do bus
iness together and enter into an agree
menta mutual agreement that silver
dollars or bnllion stall be held in like
esteem with gold dollarr or bullion shall
be held in like esteem with gold dollars
or bullion, and that either one or vboth
shall be accepted in the settlement of
balances. The republican party does
not believe that the American Congress
has the right or the power to establish a
monetary system as the basis of trade
relations with other countries without
consulting them, nor does it believe we
could maintain trade relations with
other countries without ah international
monetary system. "We have a system
now which makes 22.23 grains of fine
gold the unit of value and the dollar of
final redemption, but it is desirable
that the valns of redemption or
balance settlement money be increased
by an amount equal to the production of
silver, and -'the republican party is
pledged to accomplish it by a conference
with the nations in interest. S. F. Call.
The secretary of the treasury. John G.
Carlisle, purchased and had on hand
Dec.l9,lS93, $140,699,760 fine ounces
silver bnllion purchased nnder net. nf
July 14, 1S90, costing 126,75S,2IS worth
at legal ratio 15.9SS to 1 of gold and
worth ?1SI,914,S99. The act provided
that after July 1, 1S9I, the secretary
should coin as much of the bullion pur
chased under the act as might be neces
sary to provide for the redemption of
the notes and cannot be lawfully used
for any other purpose. To coin this bul
lion, senioraga and all, it would require
the mints, run to their full capacity, five
years to coin, so said the secrstary.
The conditions of 1891 can be brought
back, as they surely will be, under a re
publican president and congress that an
impatient hut patriotic people will re
store to power in the coming election.
False economic policies, first threatened
and then carried out in the Wilson law,
had more to do in depressing the price
of wheat and of all prices than the de
monetization act of 1873. Hon. Robert
J. Gamble, M. C, of South Dakota.
In 1S92, under McKinley tariff laws, a
hundred pound sheep would buy 137 .9
pounds of sugar in Chicago. In 1896, a
similar 6heep will only buy 67K pounds
of sugar. This fact farmers will do well
to think over before they vote for Bryan,
free silver and free trade.
Under a McKinley tariff in 1892 a good
horse would sell for $162 in the city of
Chi ago. In 1S96, under the Gorman
Wilson tariff, a horse equally as good
sells for $60.