Portland Libl'fiTy r IF YOU DOMT READ IF YOU SEE IT IM j --- Thft Plaindftaler The Plaindealer i You Don't Get the News. IT IS SO. Vol. XXVII. ROSEBURG, OREGON, THURSDAY, MARCH 12, 1896. No. 3. X. CRAWFORD, Attorney at Law, KoomS, Musters BulUlinK, - ROSEBURG, OR, CSp-Busincss before the U. S. Land Office mil cimlug cases a specially. Late Receiver U. & Land Office. QKOEGB X. BBOWK. rets. nox-Turrro. JgKOWN & TUSTUf, Attorneys-at-Law, Rooms ? and S ta & Wilson Block. ROSEBORG, OB. R. WILLIS, Attorney and Counselor at Law, Will rmctioe In all tie court of the St&ii.- Of fice in ue Court Hoaae. Donglas county, Or. Q A. SEHLBBHDK, Attorney at Law, Jiojriwrjt OVrjron. Office urr Ue-rotoaee on Jaekaon atreot. "W. CARD WELL, Attorney at Law, ROSEBORG, OREGON. La Fatsttx Lass. JCDCE L. LOCGHAKY JQANE & IiOTJGHARY, Attorneys & Counselors at Law Jtoteinrff, Orryon. TV 111 practice In all tie courts of Oregon. Of fice in the Tarlur-WOion block. F. B. COFFMAN, Physician and Surgeon (r.S. ETarntning Surston.) OFFICE. Rooms 6 and 7 Markers' Build Infr. Residence, First door South ol iln. Currier's Board lag Uoate. Special attention to Sursery and tb Diseases oi Women. N. J' OZIAS, 21. D., Physician and Surgeon, r.OSEBDEG. OK, 0oe in S. Marts & Co-'s Block, upstairs. Calls proapUy aenrcred day or night, L. MILLER, M. D., Surgeon and Homoeopathic Physician, Rottbury, Oreyvn. E2"Cbraaie diseases a pcelilty. w ILL. P. HEYDON, County Surveyor. and Notary public. Omcx: In Court Uosse. Orders (or Snrreyis; and Field Notes should be addressed to Will P. Ileydon, County Sur, Teyor, RoecburE.Or. P. BRIGQS, V. 8. Deputy Mineral Sunrejor and Xotziry Pablte. Orncz: Coonty Jail Building, np stairs. Special attention paid to Transfer and Conveyances. Address. ROSEBDRG. OR. JERRY J. WILSOJi, Watchmaker and Jeweler, 4ii Jaclcitoa Street, At Luerecn's Cigar Factory. R03EBCRG. tfeAll Repairing entrusted to ray care Trill be PROMPTtt and carefully done. PRICES REASONABLE. WOODWABD THE ETJSTLEE ROSEBURG Does Up ALL COMPETITORS! We are always in the Lead, and mean to keep there. Tho Golden Harvest is upon at, and farm ers are smiling because Woodward 1 00 s to their interest. BUGGY HARNESS Foil Trimmed TEAM HARNESS These are all Leather and Warranted. SADDLES At Reduced Prices. Consult your pureo and be sure and set Woodward before buying. W. 6. WOODWARD To the Public. On and after tbia date, I wish it under stood tbat my terms for all undertaker's goods are cash with tbe order. I find it impossible to do business on a credi basis, and bclivo tbat I can do belter by my patrons and myself by Belling strictly for cash. P. Benedick, Undertaker. Koseburg, Ore., April 12, 1895. A. SALZMAN, (Successor to J. JASKULEK.) Practical : Watchmaker, : Jeweler : and : Optician. DEALER IS WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY. AND FANCY GOODS. A mm. Bjr3m-:2-. CarOUUillO HrllzllIlAIl Ej'O OilueJNeM aud SpcotuoloM A COMl'I.KTK STOCK OP Cutlery, Notions, Tobacco. Cigars and Smokcre' Articles. Also Proprlotor aud Mauugor of Itosoburg's Famous Itargaiu Store. "WE SELL Charter Oak and Superior COOK 5T0VES. The Best Stove is Always the CHEAPEST. CHURCHILL, WOOLLEY & MIKENZiE'S Roseburg Hardware Go. Real Estate Bought and Sold 99X 003I.-UCJiaMJtOA'. Farms, large and small, to Rent, AND IMMEDIATE Stock' Ranees. Timber - O 7 Prune and Hop Lands of best quality, in choice locations, in quantities to suit intending purchasers, at reasonable prices and easy terms. Inquire of D. WYLIE PILKINGTON, Successor to General Blacksmithing jmjXJO ICOlCKKIMIOKKXn. rROTTINQ AND RUNNING PLATES A SPECIALTY, REPAIRING OF ALL KINDS PROMPTLY DONE. Sliopon Corner Wusulujfton eiiiiiiwiaiBsieiaiiiiiitiM J. BITZER,. Proprietor ol The City Meat Market, And Dealer in PRIME BACON, HAMS, LARD, AND FRE5H MEATS Orders taken and Delivered Free to any part ol the City. iticiiiiiciflsBE99eisieiesiias0iciBiaaiisi The Roseburg Laundry, 202 Mnlu Htrcet, opp. PI RST-CLHSS At Keasouablc prices. BOWE1V & ESTABROOE? Blacksmiths and Machinists Stephen Street, between Oak and Cass, Machine work u Specialty ROSEBURG, OR. THE FAMOUS POSSESSION GIVEN. Lands and Miiiinp- Pronerties. S- X. BUIOK, G. W. NOAH, mid ICauc Sis., Itoscburir. Poultry, 11h1i mid Game, lu Hcnitou. OP ALL KINDS. Dneahiinr Ot KOSeDlIrg, KJr. Hotel Vnu Ilotitcit. AII WORK WAUANTEKD. r-isntK tSKYAfN, Proprietors. PROTECTION. There is no denying tbo fact, disguise it as wo may by tbo free diver coinage craze, (bat prolecliou to American in dustries will bo llio main issuo in tbo coming presidential campaign. That will be the question upon which the bat tle will bo fought and won, because tho people now perceive by tho experience of the last three years tbat free trade or low tariff is a total failure. Democracy is tho exponent of freo trado, and repub licanism is tho exponent of protection. Through falso representations by the free-trade advocates in 1892 tho people elected Clovnlond president, which was followed by the most distressing limes in tho history of the nation, Jtt bas been a great object lesson.' Ilia one tbey will never forget. It will bo remembered that tbo position of both parties on the currency question was substantially the same. So tbat cut no figure in tbe political contest. It was simply free trado and protection. The currency question was not in it. And subsequent elections have proven that to bo eo, for almost without exceptions the demo cratic freo trado party, even in etrongly democratic districts, have been defeated in tbe popular elections, notwithstand ing they were sound money men in some districts aud freo silver men in others. Their silver or nuli-silvcr sentimentB were not of sufficient force to cave them from dronning in tho great flood from the cloud burst of popular condemnation of the Gorman-Wilson-Cleveland act. which closed mills, mines and farms and sent an army of tramps marchinc through the country. Cleveland called congrees together in Bpccial eession to repeal the Sherman act, promising hen that was done, belter times. But that promiso proved a failure, just as Iiib re duced tariff act has been since. Now tbo president ttands like a dog in tbo manger, and clogs all efforts to reetore confidence in trade and business by pro tecting American industries against foieign goods and foreign labor. HERMANN'S TRADUCERS. Several writers for the valloy newspa pers have asserted tbat Mr. Herman n has Lad no bills, of the many ho bas in troduced, passed, and that the Congres sional Record does not show that be has cvle any speeches or ltta part in do bates on tbe floor ufcouress; thus try ing to make it apjiear that Mr. Hernianu is a useless appendage to the house of representatives. All of which charges we unhesitatingly pronounce to be false. Wo havo the Congressional Record of 1S94 beforo us which gives the lie to all such assertions made by Mr. Hermann's opoiients. In tbat Record for that ono term d94) we find Mr. Hermann made "remarks on" 100 different occasions, viz; oa appro priations, tbo tariff, public buildings, the election of United States senators by tbe people, Indian appropriations, Indian depredation claims, railroad land grants, river and harbor improvements and many other subjects, numbering in all, during only ono eession, 100 or more. People admiro shrewdness in politics, but a per son who, in the face of tho records, 'will aster t such an infernal lie as has Her man's opponents, provokes the supreme contempt of every fair minded man. There is not one of all tho opponents of Mr. Hermann who can make as able a speech as be, upon affairs of state. Not tbat tbey may not bo able to do so after as much legislative experience as Mr. Hermann, but Mr. Herman has bad the requisite cxperienco to fit him for the pressing ordeal be will be called to pass through in the next congress. NORMAL SCHOOLS. Tho eocalled normal schools ol this etato aro littlo better than common schools. They are not normal rchools in fact. They aro merely high schools that have bom located at certain towns either for political reasons or to benefit Ibe.torvn in which tbey aro located. Salem PoBt. . Has Mr.- Fletcher, of tho Post, ever visited these schools? Does ho know tbat tbey- arotlittlo better than common schools? Wo have been at the Mon mouth school several times and know .that it is about as good as any college in tho state; except Eugene university. It frr especially devoted to training teachers and preparing them for tlfeir work. It has prepared hundreds of excellent teachers. Still wo do not believe tbe taxpayers ol tho atato should unr longer lie asked tb support even tho two normal schools they have been supporting. CapitaJJournal. ScTllio press of ths Btnte is surging into line. The Plainuualkk. long ago, raised its voico against tbeso appropriations, but first it was latlgbcd to scorn as "an enemy of education." But the good seed sown has germinated, grown and is developing into ripe fruit. Let tho good work go on down nil appropriation, the tax of the many for tho benefit of tho fow. Tho I'laindk.u-ku docs not question tho good character of these schools, tbe aro doubtless excellent, but tot II1030 who get that benefit pay for it themselves, not ask tho poor taxpayer all oyer tho Btato to pay for it. Tbo official statement in the Reichstag that, ubilo Germany duo? not expect to maintain a navy equal to that of Eng land or of France, slio does intend to havo one that will enable her to control tbe Baltic, will bo intercating news in Russia. MUCKLE CRY, BUT LITTLE WOOL, As the Devil Said When He Sheared the Pig. EniTon Plainokalkr: Wo are re minded of the -ibove old Scotch proverb on reading tbo Review's screed of the 5th lust, about tbe A. P. A. The Rose burg council of A. P. A. asked him a few days ago to namo some things we are at tempting to do that we should not do. And out of all the froth and rot tbat he gets off, we find but a few gleams of rea son. He says that we are boycotters. And wo here come back at him and again repeat that we interfere with no person's affairs and opinions so long as they will accord to us tbe right to have ours. This be refuse? to do, and then quotes the constitution of tho United States at us. We would mildlyj remark that we think we know how to honor and obey tho United States constitution fully as well if not a whole lot better than the Review people, and the party they see fit to champion. Again wo say we are not fighting Cath olic, Jow or any one else. Bnt we are against allowing our free American soil to becoruo the dumping place for emis saries and ignorant fanatics, who are unable to understand or appreciate our civil and religious Ireedom, and are op posed to any church's interference with our public schools and form of govern ment. Outside of this wo are not differ, eut from any of the orthodox Protestant churches. Indeed, we believe all of them havo their members vow to prefer their own to outsiders in their dealings. Does not the Catholic church insist on this too? and wo have uever heard of the Review 1 awing bands in holy horror at it. As to boycotting, we defy the Review or any ono else to show where any bas been attempted by the A. P. A. But wo do know of something very liko it from tho Review party. A certain indi vidual who now affiliates with his crowd, at one tinio presented to the council a scheme to break down a certain worthy oung man's business here. Saying be was making himself solid with leading Catholics here, and was finding out what they were doing to cause us trouble. What was tho outcome? Simply, tbe council sat down so bard on him and bis scheme that he is now an expelled A. P. A , bobnobing with tbe Review and ia no doubt tbo source of tbe "oath" published in last week's Review which is more Jesuitic than A. P. A. The fellow got badly mixed in his trying to face two ways. Our council is having a good laugh at tbe Review's getting sold in his eagerness to barm ui. Council No. 22, Rosebubo. Indian War Veterans. We publish below for the benefit of the survivors of the Indian wars of 1S53 oti, an epitiome of names of captains ol companies, with official letters, also other data of the 2d Regt. of 0. M. Vol teers, taken from Walling's History of Oregon, which will no doubt be useful in tbe future as a reference. The first date in each paragraph gives time of muster ing in, and tbe last tbe date of discbarge. A. Joe Bailey Oct. 23, 1S55. Feb. 0, 1S50. D. E. A. Rice Nov. 10, 1S55. May 15, 1S5G. i:. R. L. Williams Nov. 10, 1S55. Feb. 1, 1S5G. Williams was elected col onel of 2d Regt. Dec. 7, 1S55; resigned Mar. S, 1S5G. F. W. A. Wilkinson Nov. 10, IS55. Feb. 10, 1S5G. F. Same captain, re-enlisted com pany. Feb. 11,1856. May 20, 1S36. G. Miles T. Alcorn Feb. C, 1S5G. May 25, ISoG. II. Sauil. Gordon Nov. 25, 1S55. Fob. 10, 1S5G. I. W. W. Chapman Nov. 22, 1855. Jan. IS, 1S5G. I. Same captain, re-oulisted company. Jan. IS, 1S5G. May 14, 1S56. W. H. Crouch became captain of tbe comany March S, ISoG, when Chapman was elect ed licut-colonel of tho 2d regt. A. First recruited battallion. Ed ward Sheffield Feb. 8, 1S5G. May 20, 1S5G. B. First recruited batallion. Abel George Feb. 1S5G. Juno IS, 1856. C First recruited battalion. Mike Busboy Feb. 19, 1S56. May 21, 1856. D. First recruited battalion. M. M. Williams Feb. 27, 1S56. May 26, 1S56. A. Second recruited battalion. W. II. Latsham Feb. 13, 1S56. June 19, 1S56. J. M. Wallons became captain of this company March 19, 1S56. B. Second recruited battallion. John Kelsoy Fob. 18, 1856. Juno 21, 1856. When Kelsoy was elected colonel of the regiment W. J. Roberleon becamo cap tain, Mar. 19. 1856. C. Second recruited battalliou. D. W. Keith March 29, 1856. July 3, 185G. B. Northern battalion. P. Nolan June 28, 1856. L. Ninth militia company. Abel Georgo Oct. 18, 1855. Noy. 21, 1855 Ibo followini: named captains com manded companies in tho 9th regiment of militia, viz: k, batnl. tryu; (j, allies T. Alcorn; D, Robt. L. WillianiB; O, Jacob Rincardon ; all under Col. John Robs. Adjutant, Chas. S. Drew. Can tain John Kelsoy was elect d colonel of the 2d regiment March IS, 1856, and Captain W. W. Chapman was elected lieut-colonel tho same date. He suc ceeded Lieut-Colonel W. J, Martin. James Bruco was maior of tho 2d rest mont. All staff officers served to tho close of tbe war in July, ISoG, IN DEFENSE OF THE A. P. A. Denounces Unfair Methods and False Statements. 1 bave. noted from lime to lime articles in tbo Review of Roseburg, touching (A; question of ths times tbe A. P. A. and have been struck with the manifest un fairness itnd injustice of tbat ebeet. Sev eral years ago, when the order was in its infancy, tbe daily papers denounced the A. P. A. because it was profitable for them to do so. Now, in the light of its gigantic growth, in such papers as the Chronicle, Examiner and Call, and nu merous others not controlled by the Ro man clergy, wo find side by side, articles commendatory as well as condemnatory of the order, according to the bias of tbe different writers. This is as it should be. This is fair and just to the parties in question as well as to tbe great body of intelligent readers. Any other course is an insult to their intelligence. In nearly every issue ol the Review we aro assured that it is a just and im partial exponent and chronicler of cur rent events. Its invariable praclico is totally inconsistent with that declaration. Correspondents of tbat paper, have several limes sent in, with their weekly budgets, articles favoring tbe A. P. A. In every instance these articles have been stricken out, and the public thus defrauded. Tbe Review has been asked to publish writings in defense of the association, but refused. When the articles ap peared in tbe only other paper in the county, tbat paper was abused for its simple justice. Tbo Review has through its columns attacked clergymen of Roseburg of every denomination (except the Roman Catholic) violently and offensively for no other reason than their alleged connect ion with tho A. P. A. Lately its at tacks seem to liayo been directed against other protestant ministers because they icerc prolettanl ministers. In one issne Rev. Wallace, a Congregationaliat, in the next, Rev. Roland D. Grant, a Baptist, are spoken of in terms of coarse dispar agement. In last week's issuft, extracts from the dailypres3, clipped by tbe Re view for no other reason than their nasty insinuations against C. O. Brown, tbe Congregational clergyman of San Francisco, were given noticeable space. This in the face of Miss Overman's dec laration tbat she had perjured herself, and substituted false testimony, as shown by the Examiner a week or ten days ago. As the Review neyer tires of boasting that it keeps pace with tbe times and al ways gives the latest news, we cannot help believing there is something rotten in all this. Is tbe Review in such straits that its editor dare not be jnst? Is be so prostituted to self interest tbat he, a professed American citizen, allows the Roman stockholders and Romanized re porter to dictate a policy eo variant from what is right? It must bo so or worse for the members of his family are members of a Protestant church. He and his brothers are Protestants and un til recently, American citizens owing no allegiance except to this government and their own consciences. We must sor rowfully conclade that the Review is in tbe grasp of the Roman tiger. catuolics don't arr fat offices. Neither do tho political bosses. Tbe Review in a two-column effusion written by "A Democrat," convinces ? the peo ple that the great majority of officials ap pointed to various lucrative places are Protestants. In the effort he rambled from Baker City to Ashland and un earthed five Prote-itaut postmastera. This evasion is the usual style of argu ment indulged in by the members of the only church. Why did he not get right down to the business at home and look over tbe personnel of the Douglas connty appointees? Perhaps his democratic modosty forbade. We are not troubled with any such au impediment in this caso and will enlighten him. First, R. S. Sheridan, receiver U. S. land office, salary $3000; another son of Douglas couuty holding down the special Indian agency for the paltry euui of floOO and perquisites; a nephew appointed in Alaska; still another nephew until re cently in tho custom house at Portland, now returned to conduct the democratic campaign; and, merely to make the list more complete, our worthy towns man, Deputy U. S Marshall Carroll. Please note tho significanry of the above list. Five out of six federal appointments from Douglas county alone, Romanists or relatives. "A Democrat" had on leather specs when ho was peering around over tho state for officer holdera. We will not say anything about Judgo Bellinger, Judge Henry McGinn and U. S. District Attorney Murphy, but will re turn to tbe single Protestant appointee of Douglas the postmaster. It may not be generally known that L. Langenberg, another of our Catholic citizens, came within an ace ot getting tho post office. Mr. L. was turned down to save appear ances, and Mr. Fisher received the ap pointment by the trace of Archbishop Gross. Now you can sco what aih the Re view. HAS THE A. 1'. A. CAUSED DISSENSION IN riiECOMMUNirv ? Tho Review has falsely accused tho A. P. A. of engendering bittornoss and cre ating dissonsiou in thoir community. We desiro to enlighten tbe public by stating fac's, aud not 1 ec'oud and mis- lead them by unsupported assertions and malicious accusations. The A. P, A. was organized in Roseburg in June, 1894, and it was never mentioned by the pa pers and its presence not known here till just before the city election, 18!XJ, Ovpr a year and no dissension, no' even a pie on tbe calm surface o Ronehot ' social pool. All the "dissension," ail th "-id -ting of a peaceful community into wi ring factions" that may exist, can be traced directly to the. door of tbe Review. When tbe A. P. A. strength wasshown at the city election and tbe power of the ancient ring, which has cursed Roseburg for two decades, was broken forever, tbe pent up venom of tbe leaders of tbat ring was poured out. One offered great sums for a list of members that he might publifh them to tbe world and wipe them off the face of the earth. Spies vere set on tho movements of well known members of the ordor and names taken by various insignificant tools of the com bine, until with the aid of a list furnished by a poor fellow they bad bribed lo be tray bis trust (shame on them) tbey claimed to have 260 names. These 260 names are a white elephant on their hands. They dare not publish them for all their threats, and insinuations against tbe personnel of the order. The Beyiew Romanized Reporter was instructed to in trude himself into the offices of business men and ask them if they were A. P. A's. or to stand publically on the street corners and loudly curae the A. P. A., so that ether names could be added. Cer tain aspiring politicals, who thought the A. P. A. would deprive them of thier oc cupation, took up tbe howl and by tbo variety of the cadence deluded even their friends as to their numbers like two or three hungry coyotes near a hen roost. Even the editor of the Review, sapient sou of Solon, was deceived by this infinitude of inflection. He was heard to say in bis monoto nous way: "It beats mshow it oc curred. We outnumbered them but they always beat us." He was rash enough to say in bis paper la3t week that tbe "itood people of this place are opposed to the A. P. A., that they would crush it out, and do it quickly and thoroughly." Mieled by tbe clamor before mentioned be anticipated the fulfillment of his prophecy and bad two cr three columns set up last Monday ready to strike off, saying that "a death blow bas been dealt the A. P: A.," "their candidate de- feated," "they would soon complete its destruction." But when the result was announced, the "rooster" was taken down, tbe office draped in mourning and a meek little notice was all the pub lic saw. Now then, editor of tbe Review, in your next ifsue yon should say : "The Review will acknowledge tbat it has been fatso to tbe highest principles of journalism; it has slandered and maligned the A. P. A. ; it has endeav ored to array neighbor against neighbor; it bas endeavored to disturb tbe har mony of the neighborhood ; it has tried to split a onco peaceful community into warring factions. 'On the other hand tbo A. P. A. a have ayoided controversy, even when thrust upon them ; they bave remained silent under provocation ; thoy have borne with calmness the most filthy abuse; tbey bave opposed smiling indifference to hate ; they baye answered violence with moderation; they bave met lies and slander with quiet contempt; tbey have met the deadly boycott with kindly toler ance. They have disregarded wanton attacks by tbe subsidized organ ot the church rather than arouse contention, and through all bave conducted them selves with a quiet manliness that has given a lie to the aspersions of their enemies." Do this, and wo forgive and forget; le tuse, and we take up the gauntlet you bavotbiust at us and will fight it out according to the laws of Moses. A CEMocn.vic A. P. A. New York Retaliates. New York is the first state to retali ate upon Germany in the insurance im broglio. The act which Governor Mor ton has just signed provides that if any foreign government shall refuse to per mit any insurance corporations of New York state to do business in its territory, the state insurance superintendent f hall refuse to allow the companies of such foreign country to do any business in New Yoik. It appears tbat the Ger man prohibition applies to the two largest companies of New York : but the act of retaliation will apply to German fire companies now doing business in New York, as well as the life companies if they are any. The practical effect of tho measure will be to drive out of the state or into the bands of domestic com panies a considerable volume of fire and marine business now being done by German companies. The retaliatory measure is a sweeping one, and will probably bring out a warm protest from tbe German government. Final Call. AH persons are hereby notified to make immediate settlement of their in debtedness to the late firm of S. Marks & Co. ; otherwise tho same will be placed in bauds for collection. Please give this call prompt attention and thus avoid ad ditional costs. AsiiER Marks, Administrator of Estate of S. Marks &Co. Now is the time to subscribe.