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About The Plaindealer. (Roseburg, Or.) 1870-190? | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1895)
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J You Don't Get the News. 1 : - ' - . ' j IT IS so- j
I .L.r.-. I Voi,. XXVI. ROSEBURG, OREGON, gHtJRSDAY, APRIL nt 1895. . ' No- I2- 1 -
It rk.,,1 I J. 11. Mitchell
U.S. Senators j j.Dolph
1 V. R. Ellis
" CtCTCUtT Of State.
State Treasurer Phil Metachan
Supt. rub. Instruction .U. M. Irwin
State Printer W. H. Leeds
Attorney Genera! C M. Idlcman
Member Board of Eq.uallxaUon.A. C Woodcock
(F. A. Mooro
Snprcm83a45.'C..,...-..v.-- tC. K. Wolverton
rA. B. Compson
Railroad Commissioners . B. Kddy
(I. A. Macrnm
Clerk ol Ballroad,CXamlsslon Ly-ell Baker
SSCOSO JCDldxi DISTRICT.
Judge I. C. Fulleiton
rrosecnUng Attorney Geo. M.Brown
T'iC.S. UtXD omcx,, KO&KBCXQ.
Receiver ; i S. Sheridan
2ecister R. M. Veatch
V. S. WKATHIR SCEIAC.
. . DOCGLIS COOSTT.
C T. Cathcart
V. A. Fniter
. A. TJaderircod
A. F. Steers
IW. L. Wilson
C. H. Maupln
Dr. k. L-rflller
Trustee - i. t..-. iL. Kpp
B. W. Strong
F. M. Lister
W. F. CutoU
J. A Col
Itewrer.T, , .T .,TT ,
The Circuit Court lor DongUs County meets
three times ..j-er u lolloirsr The Sd iloa
dayin Vrct, the Uailondar in Jane, and the
in ViAy iii .December. J. C. Fullertoa ot
BosebeitJntce. .Geo. II. Brown, ol Bosebort;
ConntrXoortraeetsthe 1st Wednesday alter
the 1st Monday of Jannarr.tllarcli.'Say, July.
Kesteaer and Xorember,- A.' iJ Stearns, ol
Oiilnad'. judre: C. It. Uanpia ,ot Flttoa
aad W. L. Wilson, ot Kiddie, commissioners.
ProbaM Cosrt Is In session conOnnotuly, A.F.
J. T. Bridges.
. (CA. SeWbredo
T ADBEL LOOGS. A. F. i A. IL, BiGULAK
-. - Av meetinss the Sd and 1th Wednesdays in
y rach nenth.
TTilPQUA CSAPTliK,0. 1U R. A. KIIOLD
KJ thelrreralarcanrDllanl atMasoalo hall
their recQUrcaaroextiaul atMasouo hall
on the frit aad third Tnesday of each sionth.
VUIubs cospaaiass are cotdlally i&Tited. .
. .i i JCF.BAPP, 1LP.
Isxaou.CAEO, Secsaiy,.; y
PHTLETARTAS LODGE, vNO. S,l 0.a F..
aaecaSatardaTercslnsof each" -week at 7
o'clock In their hill at Boeebec .Members of
the erSer in good slsdlic are Invited to attend.
Fbam: G. MtcttJJ. K. G.
I. Ti.Jaaati, Sec'y.
TTKIOS EtCAJfPJtEXT. SO. S, 1CEETS AT
Odd Fellows' hall on second and fourth
Thnrsiays of each month. Visiting brethren
are Invited to attend.
h FzAxtr G. Xicxxu, Scribe.
Haxxt Vxtxr, C. P.
pOSEBURG LODGE, XO. It, A. O. U. W.
eeta the seeeed and. fourth Mondays of
esch QoatiiaiT3 at Odd Felknrs halL
Kerabers of the order in' good' standing are in
Afc THVOFOST. XO. rs. G. A. R MEETS TUE
Xsl and third ThcndaTa of each month.
TTTOMEyS RTJ.IFF CORPS NO. 10, ilEETS
.Second and fourth. Thursdays la each
ALLIANCE Recular Quarterly
JieeUiaci TrtU be held at Grange Hall.
Biaeinug. the firsfrFriday in December, March
one, and the third Friday In September.
TJ OeEBCRG CHATTER, XO.S.O.E. 8.. MEETS
IUe seoead'ahd fourth Thcrsdays of each
MADELTSE- Bv COSKL1SG, W. ii.
pOSEBURG DIViaOS SO 76, B. OF L. E-,
f-Vy aeto every seeead sad ioarJh Eccday.
Brethren are Invited to attend.
Miss Si&au YTpt IQ
FKAXK G. MltZXLI.
sxzxT. K. G.
"X LPHA LODGE. SO. 7, K. OF T MEETS
-VX rprrWednealaT evesise at Odd Fellows
'Bin. VIsi!Bg brethren in good standing cor-
ciauy lnnsea to acena.
Taylor i Wilson Block.
' t 4 , .
StTT T trtf.T.TQ
'Attorney and Counselor at Law,
WHlTHaiae'iirantteeocrUof thaBUte. .Ofi
Cosrt Hoase, Xroaglaa eouty, or.
S,Q - A. SEHLBBEDE,
2- -' Altorney afc Law,-
y. Rosttrurg, Oregon.
Ofiee over theToitoSee ea Jaekaos itnct.
r Attorney at Law,
'J? ! B' OOFFM AN. -
Phyfifcian and Surgeon
0Ece:At Dr. Hoover! old stand onOak3treet
1 'iEeSdeaee Cok Lane & Jacksja Street.
3. OXIXS, 31 D..
"hysician and Stirgeon,
t ofice la,. Marks Co.'s Block, upstairs.
Calls proaplly answered day or night. .
Physician and Surgeon.
' Graduate Rush Medical College
Dlseasi of .WcWn and CmMren a Specialty
OFFICE, Rooms 0& 10, Manters' Building.
VfUlDTSCZ, jixmoas btreet, sccona piace east
v R02EBURG, OREGOJ.V-
-WjVANE & lATCJGHAR'X,
- Atitoraeyfl fc CJounselors at Law
TVlli practice in all Use courts of Oregon.
See ia the Tarlur-Wilson block.
MRS, Xtf. BOYD.
-DZALE& lit cHeicr-
Books and Children's Toys.
i A FULL LINE OF
Fruits, Kuts, French Candies, Confectionery
' j,. , Canned Goods, Coffees, Teas, Etc
'v i r . . '
- fupnPTtrn itft wpst nifiAftH,
tr rCH0ICBBEAHIS OP CIGAE8
HVL. P. HEYDON,
and Jiotnry paWltc,
Orricx: In Coutt House.
Orders for Surrcyinc and FitldXotet should
bo addressed to Will P.
. Heydon, County SnrJ
veyor, Koschurg, Or.
Attorney at Law,
Room S, Marstcrs Bulldlnr, - R0S5B0RQ, OR.
ZM B'dslness before the U. 8. Land OOce and
nins cases a specialty.
La to Receiver U. 8. Land Office.
8. Deputy Mineral Surveyor
and Notary Pabllc.
Orncx: County Jail Building, up stairs.
ZM ' Special attention paid to Transfers and
Address. ROSEBURG, OR.
jYBA BROWN, 3C D.,
Ph'Bician and Surgeon.
Clresis Di$exs of Wcaea' i Sjsckltj.
Office, Up Stairs, in the Marks Building.
Residence, 112 Cass Street, ROSEBURG.
J L. MTT.T.ER, M. D.,
Surgeon and Homoeopathio
MrChroaie itii a pcctalty.
J. F. BARKER & CO.
A special braad jl nnadolterated Tea.
Is having a large sale. Zew styles ot
Glass and Delf Ware
At aatmiilsli?r low vxea. Oar on canned
Tnrrncaar very popolar.
ALL COMPETITORS !
We are always in the Lead, and mean to
The Golden Harvest is upon us, and farm
era are smiling because Woodward
Ioms to their interest.
These am all Leather and Warranted.
1 At Beduced Prices.
Consult your purse and be sure snd see
Woodward before buying.
W. 6. WOOiWARB
H. 0. STANTON
Has Jast received a new aad txtesait stock o
Ladies' Dress Goods, Ribbons, Trimmings,
Laces, tc, Etc
-ALSO A FINE STOCK OF
BOOTS AND SHOES
Of the best quality and flnlab.
Wood, Willow and diss Ware,
Crockery, Cordage, Etc.
Also on hand in large qoantlUa and at prices to
nit ue times. Also a urge noca oi
Which is offered at cost
A full and
Constantly on hand. Alii the
LATEST SOVELTIIS LN STATIOXElw
books and periodicals pnMUhed in th United
8tate. Persona wishing reading matter of any
sua wui ao to gtvs ma a eau.
The Old Reliable
ZUMonlgomerygt,, extending from Fine
to Bash Sts., San Francisco, Cal.
Business center ol the city, convenient
to all banks, insurance Co. offices and
places ol amusements. Containing 300
J. 8. YOUNG, Prop
TEKMS't 11,'jO, 12.03 and 2.scper day. Free
coach to and Iron the hotel
(Successor to J.JASKOLEK.j ;
radical : Watchmaker, : Jeweler : aud : Optician.
CLOCKS, JEWELHY. AND 1'ANCY GOODS.
Conuiuo Bxaziliuu 23yo
A COMl'IJiTK STOCK OF
Cnllory, Notions, Tobacco, Cigars and Smokcre' Articles.
Also Proprietor and Muuagor of
A SQUARE DEAL
If Business Is Not Good
Are the Rooters for the Business Hen of Douglas County.
AT) 000 PIECES SHEET MUSIC
sjspsjsjsafsw XX JL XJ
Mailed to any address
Catalogue of this immense stock sent free on application.
We have also secured the agency of the Wiley B. Allen Co.
T. K. RICHARDSON,
THE THIRD ADDITION
TJie HOIVC Farm, east of town, has been plat
ted and is now on the market in Lots and Blocks containing
3, 20, 30, and 40 acres, ranging in price from $25 to $100
Any one wanting a
or a suburban home eau
All lots sold in First
than doubled in value. The
the future. More fortunes
ing town or city than any
For information or
Estate Office, or on
EOWEN & ESTABROOK,
Stephen Street, between Oak and Cass,
MacUIuc Work a Speclulty. - itOBKJUUUG, OK.
GIuhhoh uuit Sijoctucloti
Ilosoburg's Famous Uargnin Store.
Is what wc give to every cus
tomer, for we believe the best
advertisement possible is a cus
tomer pleased with what we
have sold them, they will come
again aud agaiu,'aud their friends
will come too.
We are not here for a da'
or for a month.
We are Here to Stay.
Wouekberg) (&) Abraham)
It is now well understood that
T. K. Ricahrdson is the best es
tablished and most reliable Piano
and Organ dealer in the State.
He has secured the American
agency and will soon receive
VJXU. JL JLUXV JL
for One Cent Extra.
fruit, vegetable or chicken farm
now be accommodated on easy
Brookside addition have more
prospect is much better for
are made in lauds near a grow
other way. Sieze the oppor
conveyance, call at ony Real
HUV J1UVGU fol
have little sympathy ?
for the dyspeptic. They &
can eat everything that !
comes along. While
they can eat rich food g
without fear ofr the t.
dyspeptic's bad experi- -ences,
a delicate llavor m R
when used as a short
ening, always pro
duces the finest flavor
ed pastry, which is en
tirely free from the
many objections which &
the use of lard always g
produces. Test its
value by one trial.
f Itefuso all substitutes.
Pend three cents tn stamps to N.K.
l j C.UUUJ. I b 1MiMUM,W .U. .1.1111
ri i noma Oattolcso Oaok: Ilootc contain- 1 1
Pe- ln;clx hundred redpes, prepared by j
p! Uotwleoe Is sold by all groccra.
Si3 . Hadoonlyby
tW N. K. FAKBANK & C0 H
ST. LOUIS and fi
gg-CHICAGO, HEV YORK, 80ST0N.51
and Sort Exs. ft j
Sold by A. C. Marters & Co.
C"3 CUnt? IS THE BEST.
ntOCH AENAMOU3 CALF.
SfKn rnn catai nntr
Over One .Million People wear the
W. L. Douglas $3 & $4 Shoes
AH our shoes axe equally satisfactory
They kIvc the best value for the money.
The V equal custom shoes In style and lit.
Tl;ir r earing quallUes are unsurpassed.
The prices are uniform. -stamped on sole.
From St to$j saved over other makes.
If your dealer cmnci sappl y you re an. Sold by
dealers cver'wherc. wanted, scent
to take exclusive sale for this vicinity
Write at once.
Tains in tho
quietly. Over 2.K0 private endorsements.
Prcmaturcncts means Unootenry in iho Cnt
stago. It la a symptom of seminal weakness
r.cd bsrrcnncs'. It can bo stopped in SO days
C7 tho uso of ntidyan.
Tho new discovery was madn by thcSrocInl
l;toftlicoldfanotaHudson Medical Institute.
It U Iho strongest vltoUzer made. It is very
powerful, bnt harmless. Sold for S1.00 a pack
neoorC packages for S5.G0(plcinscalcd boxes).
Written guarantee given fora cure; If yotibuy
six boxes and aro not entirely cured, ux mere
will bo sent to you free of nil charges.
Fend for rlrculnnand testimonials. Addrcrs
OUUDSOK MEDICAL INSTITUTE
.Tuuctlou Stockton, .tlurket A; i:ill-,st.
ami i ranclBco, cut-
A A IB MI3
H H 3a A ua
irnmlnrfnl . V'tCiX9ISW S&tlOns,rierT-
icadlngsclcn- HRiQB Strengthens,
tlflc men of KjLYxH in vIr orates
uropo and Iff fifflB end tones tho
HDdraa Is BWY2djK Hudjan cures
TinrelT rmt. mltK-'m lieDllltv.
J ABBOTT'S f
I -S EAST Pi I-?
f Corn Paint I
fr SPEEDILY and WITHOUT PAIN. &
FOR SALE BYALL DRUGGISTS. &
T LIPPHAH BBOTHERS, i'rep'rs, &
Llppman's Block, SAVANNAH, GA. &
)0ne of tho most vital questions be
fore' thb American people is, shall we
prefer the productions of foreign
labor and foreign countries to the
prodnctions of onr own citizens and
our own country? Shall we protect
and foBter the industry of our own
citizens, or shall wo permit it to be
destroyed by au unequal aud unfair
competition with foreigners. In the
proportion that foreigners tbrow into
our market their productions in the
same proportion is the industry of
our country impaired and the labor
ing class deprived of the meaDS of
subsistence and foreign lubor takes
the place of our own. If the foreign
manufacturers glut one market with
their productions we become the
principal sufforers. How to protect
ourselves, how to protect the indus
try of our own citizens and encour
age labor, liow to rescue us from a
dependence upon foreigners, is the
great object of tho "American sys
tem" the system npheld and main
tained by tho republican party and
is the true foundation of the wealth
of the nation. Labor is wealth
Nations are made of individuals.
National wealth is made up of indi
vidual labor. Diminish labor, tbrow
out of employment, and yon dimin
ish national wealth. If we substitute
foreign labor for our own, wo in
crease foreiirn wealth at the expense
uf our own nation. Throw ten or
twenty thousand laborers :out of em
ployment by introducing the produc
tions of foreign labor and we inflict
a serious injury upon tho country.
That community is always the most
prosperous in which there is'full em
ployment for labor. Those arc wise
measures of a government which add
to the means of employing industry,
and equally wise on those which tend
to preserve or protect the productive
industry of the country from the
injurious operation of foreign regula
tions, from ruinous and unequal con
test with foreign industry, and from
a desperate competition with foreign
pauper labor in our own markets., A
protective policy is wise, it is die'
tated by sound sense, byjthe univer
sal principle of self-preservation, and
- i t .
is purBuea oy every intelligent na-
iion. ino relations ot mo govern
1 ms t m .
raenr. to lue people mignt be com
pared to tho position of a farmer, in
this respect, that it is just as unwise
to permit a 6elfish few to monopolize
tho wealth of the country as it would
bo foolish for the farmer to allow a
few vicious brutes to monopolize the
haystack. The republican party,
always loyal to tho principles of
iberty, always loyal to the glorious
nnion of the states, must ever remain
the irnpcrisBablfl keystone of the
republic S. S.
The Oregonian with the view of
getting the opinion of representative
business men as to the best methods
of promoting the industrial pursuits
of tho state, has called up, down or
out several well written and. dome
quite elaborate opinions on the sub
ject desired. The opinions of these
prominent men, Phil Metchan, J. J.
Geer, B. I. Cohen and others may be
the desideratum, but it appears to
tho Plaimealer that the whole ques
tiun may bo more briefly stated. It
is a want of confidence amoncst
business men in a reasonable cer
tainty .of profitable investments.
There is as much money in the
county now as there was three or
four years ago. There is as much
need of employed labor as then.
But why is that money idle now? is
the question. It is simply because
men who havo money choose to hold
on to it Capitalists are making no
investments waiting to see how the
now order of things works. They
have no confidence in the ultimate)
good results from largo investments
and hence this money is tied up.
Men of business all over tho United
States as soon as they saw in No
vember, 1S02, that the government
had passed wholly into the hands ot
the democratic party, lost confidence
in the measures which that parly had
pledged itself to inaugurate if given
tho power. A change of adminis
tration moant a change of the finan
cial policy, Ihis tho business world
Lave no confidence in. aud until that
policy which is now in operation
charged eithor by the party now
power, or give way to a party wbosn
policy worked well, and in which,
for that reason, the people bad tin
bounded confidence, good times will
not materially revive very soon. Put
that in your pipe. Oregoninus, and
liestoro tho policy of protection of
American industry and coutienco in
business will bo restored and hard
times will lioiiiti to disappear like
frost before nu August buu. Capital
will como out from its hiding place
and seek employment, and the hum
of industry will ho heard alf around
on every hand. Hum well sing:
"Hard times como again no more."
Keeps l.cluiul ami Kingsley piano?,
and other runkes. Wilcox and White,
Estey, Packard, Chicago, Cottage and
Earhoir organs, T. K. Kicuardsox,
To breeders uf fast horses the following
from "Breedeis and Sportsman" will bo
of interest, as showing the opinions of
It is only within the past few years
that due weight has been given to the
value of female influences in pedigree?.
If the sires were popular all was generally
considered to 'be right "Prodncing
dams" did not exist in large quantities,
but of late the force of their influence has
been more vividly apparent, and until a
sire has proved himself absolutely great
in the stud, the quality of his dam and
the females tbronghout his pedigree will
be weighed carefully in estimating his
probable chances of becoming a great
aire. While it is probable that the qual
ity of the males is just as important as
that of the females ior a given pedigree,
the,blood of great sires is not as scarce as
that of great dams, and hence a higher
value has been set upon the latter by
breeders who are determined to haye
both in their highest attainable combi
nation. Only recently a very observing breeder
said that he would far prefer as a stallion
a horse of 2.23 speed whose dam had
thrown a number of faster trotters, than
to take a horse of 2:10 speed, by the
same sire but from a dam which had had
a large number of other developed foals
among which there was no speed worth
mentioning. Electioneer had failed to
demonstrate public speed, but was from
a dam that bad thrown a large number
of trotters fast for their day. He was a
marvelous sire, wherever be encountered
crosses that made up for his deficiencies
I am satisfied that at least three other
sires from bis dam, bad they similar
opportunities, would also prove vastly
more remarkable than they have yet
done. I care not how great a sire may
be, he mnst meet with crosses that sup
plement hio own merits by strengthen
ing them where be is weakest before he
can become pre-eminent.
How Old Is the Human Race?
The fullest answer that science can yet
give to the three most interesting ques
tions perhaps everasked in the world are
explained by Dr. Daniel G. Brinton, the
ethnologist. These questions are:
"When did the first man appear?" "By
what process did he appear?" and
"Wheie did he appear?" Summing up
all that geologists and anthropologists
know he appeared certainly 50,000 years
ago and it, may be as many as 200,000
years ago. The evidence of his existence
which date back 50,000 years are unmis
takable. By what process he came into
being Ecience has no definite answer. It
it refuse to accept the doctrine of specific
creation it must refuse also, for lack of
complete evidence, to accept the doctrine
of gradual evolnlion the. old Darwinian
doctrine. Dr Bnntoa thinks the tbeorv
of "evolution oy a leap" is as good as
any other theory. According to this,
man sprang from some high order of
mammal, the great tree ape perhaps, by
a freak, just as men of genius are freaks
and as all the vegetable and animal
kingdom show freaks. As to where man
first appeared it is beyond doubt that his
earliest home was in Southern Europe,
or Asia, or north Africa. No earlier
traces of him have been found than those
found in the area that is now Encland,
France and Spain. Forum.
The. Nicaragua Canal.
AsniXGTON, April 4. It is expected
tho Nicaragu canal commission will start
for Nicaragua within two weeks, as it is
realized the time at its disposal is shor
when the work to be done is considered i
Major Ludlow probably will be president!
of tbe commission by virtue of his brevet
rank as colonel. He is in London on
duty a3 a military attache of the Ameri
can embassy and it is believed his thor
ough acquaintance with the British view
ot me canai project win be of value to
He will bo instructed by cabin to take
Uie hrst steamer to the United States
and come to Washington. The commis
sion wilt prepare an outline of its plans
and operations, then go to New York
where a thorough examination will be
made of the details of the survey of the
canal, with the purpose of sawng time
anu worK in the held. Keturnine to
Washington the committee will receive
formal instructions from the secretary of
state, then proceed to Mobile and sail on
the United States steamer Montgomery
for Greytowu, at the eastern terminus of
The season will not be well suited
field work, as there is alwavs an abund
ance of rain to be espected in the sum
mer months, and tho narty will have to
rough it, principally on the east side
where swamp jungles are impassable on
horsebackandtherearo.no roads. The
canal company, however, is doing what
it can to facilitate the labors of the com
mission and has already sent orders to
Greytqwn to put laborers at work chop'
ing away the jungle from the canal route.
It is believed that with avetage weather
the commission can complete the route
to Nicaragua in about two mouth?, and
be back in the United States ready to be
gin tho compilation of its report which
must be ready by next November.
Iluclileii'H Arnica Salve.
The Bost Salve in the world for Cuts
Bruises, sores, Ulcers. Salt Rheum
Fever Sores, Tetter, Chapped Hanls
Chillbains, Corns, aud all skin Ertip,
tioiis, ami positively cures 1'iles, or no
pay required. It is guaranteed to givH
periect Mttistaction or money refunded
i'ricei'o cents per mix. tor sale at A
C. Marsters & Co.
For Over Fifty Years.
Au Old and Wcll-Tried Remedy. Mrs. Win
slow's Soothing Syrup has been used lor ovo
ulty years by mllllous of mothers for their
children while teething, with perfect success
It soothes the child, softens the gums, allay:
all pain, cures wind colic, and is the best
remedy for dlarrhrea. Is pleasant to the taste.
Sold by Druggists in every part of tho world,
Twenty-five cents a bottle. Its value is ininl
culable. Be sure and ask for Mrs. Winston's
Soothing Syrup, and take no other kind. .
Geo. Langenberg is agent for the San
Francisco Daily Call. Only 15 cents per
week, delivered at your door.
AN EXTENSIVE INDUSTRY IN CERTAIN
How the Trees Are Tapped and the Bes-
Inous Gam Gathered Departments sold
Divisions In the Work All Under the
Keen Eye or the "Rider.
Dialect writers find a fruitful field
among the "Tar Heels' of tho Carolinas,
Alabama and Georgia. In the cool
depths of the turpentine woods, with the
gashed trees yielding up their resinous
gum, tho balmy air and tho picturesque
'hackers," "dippers" and "scrapers,"
with tho ever vigilant "rider" watch
ing everything, is a phase in southern
mo which has long been tho delight of
authors and the pleasure of artists. The
crudity of the implements and the stills
used in making turpentine and rosin
lend additional interest to this old in
dustry, and tho gypsylike habits of the
turpentine makers add to their ragged,
Turpentine is the distilled gum of the
pine trees of North and South Carolina,
Alabama, Georgia and part of Florida.
Tho season begins when the first spring
sap rises and ends when cold weather
checks the flow of the tree's blood. In
January or February the "hacker,"
with his keen hladed ax, begins the
round which ends with the season. He
is the expert of thowood3 and knows his
trees and just how much hacking they
will stand. His task is to cut the
boxes" in which the thick gum of the
wounded tree will collect A box is a
wide incision about six inches deep, a
wedge shaped cut in the tree, and he
hacks from 00 to 100 boxes a day. Tho
first boxes are cut near the roots of the
tree, and they aro cut as close together
to the height of a man's head as can be
done without killing the pine. The
hacker leaves a width of bark between
each box so as to preserve tho vitality of
tho tree. When tho trees are leased to
the turpentine makers, the terms of the
lease limit tbe number of boxes to each
tree, but when it is desired to work the
pine to the fullest extent the gashes aro
carried up to a height of 20 feet ox more.
After the hacker comes the man who
"corners" the boxes. This "comer" i3
a cut in the top of tho box to guide the
sap into the cavities left for the gum,
and the man who "works" tho "crop"
goes systematically from box to box,
starting the sap anew with fresh inci
sions, working in this way 10,000 boxes
during the season. The sap or gum fills
the boies with a clear, sticky, thick
fluid, and this is removed by the "dip
per." Scattered through the woods are
barrels in which the "dipper" deposits
tho gum, which is then hauled to the
still. About a quart of sap is taken from
each box by means of the trowel shaped
scoop used by tho dipper, aud then the
hacker comes along and starts, the flow
afresh by wounding tho tree again. The
turpentine maker watches his men close
ly, for the Tar Heels are an easy going
people and require to bo urgedlgrt&u
"rider, " who goes through the woods on
horseback examining tho crop, hurrying
the dippers and hackers aud sending tho
barreled gum to the still.
Tho first or "virgin" sap which flows
in the spring makes tho best rosin, and
the poorest is tho product of tho harden
ed gum which is left on tho sides of tho
boxes when the sap "turns down" in
the fall. This is removed by the
"scraper," who moves through the
woods with his scraping tool, gathering
The still is a large copper vat hooded
with a close fitting cover in which is a
funnel which in turn is connected with
the "worm" of tho stilL This worm
runs down into another vat near at
hand, and in this vat the fumes or vapor
of the heated gum is distilled into tur
pentine. Fire under tho copper vat heats
tho gum, and the volatile parts rise to
tho funnel, pass into the still and are
condensed by tho water in tho second
vat into spirits of turpentine. Tho resid
uum left in tho vat is tho rosin of
commerce, which is passed through a
scries of strainers and sieves to the bar
rels, which aro mado on the spot The
turpentine, however, cannot bo barreled
so easily, for it will work through an
ordinary barrel. "It is placed in white
pine barrels which have been coated in
side with several coats of strong, hot
glno until tho barrel is impervious to
tho subtle fluid.
The trees aro worked fcr fivo or six
seasons, and then tho turpentine maker
moves to another part of tho woods. He
started in North Carolina, crossed over
to South Carolina and is still moving
toward tho gulf. Forest fires destroy the
pines faster than tho hacker does, for
tho flames sweep over large areas before
they die out. Careful owners of turpen
tine woods havo tho pino straw and
fallen underbrush raked away from their
trees before tho season begins, and col
lecting this material in soma safo spot
wait for a quiet day when no wind will
cool tho wet finger, and then they burn
Negroes aro common laborers of the
turpentino woods, but whito men are
plentiful. They live in rough shanties
in the woods, with tho stables for tho
mules and horses near at hand. No
work is moro healthful than turpentine
making, for it is all out of doors in the
depths of tho balmy, health giving pines,
freo from tho malaria of the swamps
and from sudden changes of weather.
The difference between nominal, in
dicated and effective horsepower often
puzzles people. Nominal horsepower is
nu assumed quantity, used for tho con
venience of makers aud buyers in de
scribing tho dimensious of tho engines.
Indicated horsepower is tho amount
shown by computations of the iudicator
diagram. Effective or actual horsepow
er is the work au engine can do or the
differeuco betweeu the indicated horse
power aud tho horsepower required to
drive the cuginowhen unloaded. New
Beware of Ointments for Cntarrta
tbat Contnln Mercury.
as nifrcury will surely destroy the sense of
smell and completely derange the whole svstem
when entering it through mucous surfaces.
Such articles should never be used except on
prescriptions from reputable physicians, as the
damage they will do is ten fold to the good yon
can possibly derive from them. Hall's Catarrh
Cure manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., To
ledo, O., contains no mercury, and is taken in
ternally, acting directly upon the blood and
mucous surfaces of the system. Iu buying Hall's
Catarrh Cure be sure you get the genuine. It I
aken Internally, and mado In Toledo, Ohio, by
F. J. Cheney t Co. TcsUmonials free.
Sold by Druggists, price 75 c. per bottle.
School hooka, a fnU and complete,
assortment t Marsters' driiir store.