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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
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VOLUME 3Cia If.-" 1 a . v. -'.'i'" - ''. -'',-l,ORTLAND,'.ORBqO; ITHUR8DAY, 5 . DECEMBER SXm.'-Z' - PER YEA U-f 3 00.
- ... . -- - -' - ,- . . ".---"! I I ' - I . - " " .- - I.
. FROM PENDLETON TO PORTLAND, (j
MRS. "DUNIWAY AT I'EXDLETOX, WE8TOX, , WALLA
'J, WALLA, UMATILLA7 THEASCAbES,
; f - VAXfOUVErir AD HOME. -
7", ' PqRTLAND, December 28, 1880.
Peak' Rkadbmi of the 3kw Xokthwissti LrrrrJ:f,. ,1
The attendance at the lectures in Pendleton In-
creased rapidly after the episode mentioned in the
last letter, and the enfranchisement of woman be
came the constant theme of conversation on the
streets and" ih the stores and offices as well as In
the homes. .
On Monday the ladies met in the Cbnrt House
to organize a Woman Suffrae .AHSocratlon for
Umatilla county, the particulars of which have
already been published in ' tliese columns. The
. organization effected, a grand ratification Jubilee
was next In order, -and .on Tuesday evening a
, large crowd assembled and. proceeded to business,
Mrs. De Spain in the chair.; After some excellent
instrumental music on the organ by Mrs. Craw
' ford (an estimable lady who supports her worse
than fatherless - children by ; teachings music,
though-compelled to hobble from place tcPpIace
,on crutches), "Hold the Fort"., was sung with
spirit by an enthuslastlccholr. ' . .
The President then said J "bome persons are
-born great, some achieve greatness: and some have
greatness thrust upon them. L belong, ijulteWh- jubeautlf uLllttie city-whose charter
- a m a m m m a m a a a A
expecieuiy in rayseii, to ine last or tnese: and as
I am unused to pubHcjpeakingrTwill abdi
-cate the chair forlhe evening In favor of our lec
turer, Mrs. Duniway,-who will ndw address you
.upon the great theme, 'Constitutional liberty.'"
plause. -: " '
Your correspondent then arose and explained
that Mr. J. H. Turner, one of the newly elected
Secretaries of the Association, was appointed to
read the minutes of, the late organization, but,"1
he had been too busy during the day to look them
- over, we would read them in his stead, provided
after the minutes were read, he responded in
brief, terse, able and convincing address, planting
-himself squarely upon the Woman Suffrage plat'
. zorm, ana. giving cogent reasons therefor, which
no caviller could gainsay. This speech
celvedwlth great enthusiasm.
Our own argument came jiext, after which vol?
untary speeches under a five-minute rule were In
Mr. Walker, an intelligent young lawyer, for
merly, of Albany, was called for, who announced
3filmselfal aiHulvocateof ldmTaKuTfyageTpronT
lsed to prepare an address in its favor soon, and
excusedJilmseUJmjrtuthexjpeaklng at presents
r Opposition arguments were called for, but were
HMf"-lfcwyer, being r
called for, expressed himself as a Woman Suffra-
glSt . -- - ...
Mr. Isaac Blum, who Is well known In Port
land, and who Is now In the mercantile business
in Pendleton With his brother, Lehman Blum,
also well known In this city, responded to a call,
and made an excellent speech, In which he proph
esied the speedy triumph of the pending question
7-rThe hour grew late, yet nobody wrasn a hurry;
but temperance In all things, even In a Woman
- Suffrage-revival,-if the moving spirit of the new
"dispensation, and the time for adjournment was
declared. The audience arose and Joined in sing
ing the soul-stirring notes of America," after
which the people dispersed to their homes, feeling
stronger than ever in their conviction that free
women would do the world good and not evil all
the days of their lives. "'-'--.- '
In this connection it is proper to speak of the
uniform courtesy of the sovereign voters of Pen
dleton, all of whom, with the single exception of
the editor of the;7a Ortgonian, treated our mis
sion with that deference and-rcspect with which
all ladles willbetreated every where underjhe
rgnorpt'aceon" earthftnd good will to men and
women which the ballot In their hands will inau
gurate. Nobody need tell us that men are as bad
as the E. O. editor would have us believe, or that
women are as silly and Irresponsible as he thinks
they are. - " - ;
The meetings, over, we turned our attention to
the Improvements ftnd general business enter
prises of the town. Pendleton awaits incorpora
tion before constructing much-needed sidewalks,
but Is otherwise prospering at a ljealthy'rate. A
city charter was granted by the last Legislature,
which has been reported losf, thereby delaying
the public work of the would-be council, and
formlng.another illustration of the imperfection
and uncertainty of the law. The hotels, including
"the Vlllard House, Pendleton Hotel and Bon Ton
Restaurant afe'all ruttTdvertowtTirr-Beveral
boarding-houses are kept by ladles, that of Mrs.")
Jlexter keeps a nice millinery and general variety J
store; Mr. J. Hathaway has enlarged his stock of
stationery and notlonto keep up with te growth
of the town ; I)r K, J.' Somervllle has a spacious
ilrug .store; and Mrs. larger; Mrs. Hall, Mrs,
jiexter ani owier laaies are Dusy at ureHsmaaing,
the amount of orders they receive' proving that
the women who employ them are also engaged In
business that pays, else they could not hire their
dresses made.' There Is much more to-write con
cerning Pendleton which well merits special men
tion, but we must wait till the streets are mended
or the walking better to return ana visit - me
schools,' mills, shops,' stores, Indlin reservation,
etc., etc., all of which we hope to see before many
more months have passed over the heads of their
owners. - : 1 xv
Early on the morning of the 15th Instant, we
boarded the Idaho and Salt Lake Company's
stage, bound Westonward. Tlie rain fell In tor
rents, and the mud on the" sidelong ridges was
AX le deep; but the driver wa careful and the
four-horse team, though sptriteil, was steady, and
the1 drive of twenty miles through the alluvial,
treeless uplands was made without other than ap
parent danger. Reached Weston In good season,
aml-tookrefuge at the St John Hotel, new and
comfortable travelers' home, Lwhere we awaited
patiently the cessation of the storm. The next
morning dawned cloudless, cold and roseate, and
the crisp air was as bracing as a galvanic battery.
was not lost by the clerks or the Governor, and
whose sidewalks are excellent and continuous. A
nourishing school, under the supervlslojTof Rev.
Mr, Morrison, a Presbyterian clergyman, assisted
by Mr.. Freed and "Miss Cfesswell, occupies two
commodtony trotldfrnywrin one of whlch-we-lec-Tliomsn- and- ivtlred-to-mVt-oo44or(Highty-eK
tured on Friday evening in the presence of ft large,
respectful and sympathetic .audience of ladles and
gentlemen -This school-room Is used as a church
for the present, and Mr. Morrison, the teacher and
pastor, who also edits a little church paper entl
tied Church and Home, has enough work on his
hands for a woman. Our stay was too short to
permit much sigh t-srelng or visiting, rbut wre hope
ere long to return and give a course oi lectures
and remain long enough to meet everybody. Mrs.
Dr Andrews Js here practicing medicine, and Is
meeting with good success. Mr. If. B. Starr, for
merly of Portland, Is extensively engaged In the
hardware business.' The Leader is steadily in
creasing Its patronage, and the town Is wide
awake on general principles. We regretted our
hurried departure, but will come again and make
further observations when we have more time to
f On Friday at nooa we-agahx mounted the stage,
seated this time above the boot beside the skillful
dr! TJUurfiit J nation Walla Walla, twenty 1
miles distant. Dull leaden clouds hovered in the
air, obscuring the adjacent Blue Ridge; but the
gwitt farms on every hand were visible, and the
near-by reservation, with Its thousands of acres of
virgin upland, gazed serenely at the sullen sky.
There is Idle land enough In this reservation to
bread the whole of Oregon if white folks could
cultivate it; and yet, the noble red men, whom
Eastern philanthropists so much revere, and who
possess it under treaty stipulations, can not live
unon it without constant government aid. It Is
better, for property reasons, to be an Indian man
than a white woman In this free country.
-' Stopped at Milton for dlnnerrand then drove on
to Walla Walla, which latter city is improving so
rapidly that It looks like ft young an thrifty edi
tion of 'Portland. New publio and private build
ings of great dimensions and costly structure are
going up In every direction. Sociability, good
cheer, thrift and enterprise go hand In hand. We
stopped, as usual, at the Stlne House, and found
the hotel enlarged and improved,-with-ft-cwfrfnr
that no one could object to. ! Went to Mrs. Vaw-
ter's, and had a grand visit ; called at the home of
Mrs. Brents, and found a brand-new baby girl,
which may sometime eclipse Its father as a Mem
ber, of Congress ; vlsted ; Mre. Caton, and dined
fwrithft Jollyxompany ofTonngToTks at her happy
home; .called-at-the millinery stores of Mrs.
Schnebly, Mrs. Hessy and Mrs. LeMont; dropped
In at the sanctum of Charley Besserer, and found
the Watchman prospering; went to the office of
the Union, ; but tho editor was gone to lunch;
called at the Land Office, and had a pleasant con
versation with Mr. Reed; passed Mrs. Newell's
Statesman In great .trepidation, lest '"Colonel"
Parker, who hiarried It, should use his Imaginary
right to say something scurrilous; read the Town
Talk, a breezy., little dally that makes - the
i'Colonel" squirm; looked . In upon the elegant
book store of Ferris A Jacobs; called at the post
office and met Mr. Vawter and sons and Miss May
Page at their posts, as usual; saw Charley Davis
at his old corner; met Mr. Isham and Mr. Ayers
at-their offices; visited Mrs. Brents and Mrs.
Vawter again ; wrote Mr. Brents at Washington
sewing machine depot and Dr. Day's mammoth
drug store visited Mr. Laey's express office, and
enjoyed a pleasant chat with Major R, R, Iters in
his large and elegant stores Mr. Rees is a member-'
elect of the . forthcoming Washington Territory
Legislature, and, like all other progressive men,
Ismail right ton the Woman Suffrage question.
Ret timed to the hotel and ret I ml to rest at nine
o'clock, as ton lnhed to find upon reflection that we
liad "rustled" so much in one day "and two .even
ings. But then, the hofidays were at hand, and
we were homeward bound.
Oft oy rail the next morning at seven o'clock.
There was a rush of travel, everybody 'who had
business below being anxious to take advantage
of the open river. Thlrty-flve miles to Wallula,
which Is Indeed a deserted village. Fifteen miles
further on,- and we reachrVmatllla, which has
been a; busy place during the season of 'railroad
building, but Is now a way station, and is already
giving evidence of speedy depletion. IIerewe
met Mrs. Wilson and her amiable daughters, of
the Wilson Hotel, and a day was agreeably spent
In the pleasant company of these ladies, Mr. and.
Mrs; Koontz, Hays, Henly and others. In the
evening we met a little asembly of sympathizing
friends in the new hall, and gave them a talk
upon The New Dispensation,"... and on Tuesday
went aboard the elegant steamer Harvest Queen
and etarfed'down the Columbia, feeling that we
were ahuot honie... The railroad Is now finished
to Blalock'a Lamllng,-thirty miles above Cell lo,
and we were transferred from thfr steamer to the
train much earlier than tinder the ohfregulatlon.
It was night when we reached Tliel)ailes, and we
could hot stop, as we were bound to lie at home
by Christmas. So we went aboard the R. It.
haustedjtojieed the roar and rumble of moving
freight that never ceased. Its noisy din the long
night through:"" " ' 1 - ' .
Ten a; M., and the Cascades. Here we wait sev
eral hours for: the lower river boat, and Improve
the time by calling upon the McDonalds, Joneses,
MofTatts and Hamilton, all good friends of human
rights, whom we always remember with gratitude
"r Four o'clock, and Vancouver. Here 'we stop
over night to visit ft loved member, of our house
hold, noW residing here, but find, on reaching her
home, that she has gone to Portland. But there
Is no need of 'fretting, and we call fo a few min
utes at the store of Mr. 8. D, Maxon, and then go
oil to the beautiful home of Mrs. S. H. Daniels, in
whose genial company we forget our" disappoint
Thursday A. M., and homethank Heaven !
The holidays are close upon us, and- ,. ,
- - -m r v
And UL t bpr lhr4. ,
The cheerful mil and Iun pans round,
For lift with thm Is fair."
Uood reader, we hope you have had ft merry
Christmas, and Wtflnrlshyou; ft-happy-New-Year.-
' A. S. D.
A VOICE FROM SAN JOSE.-
Sax Johe, Dteember 36, WT.
To THE KtITOM or TH R NSW XoHTIIwkMTl -
Can I lelleve my own eyes when I rwd,"TJV
Oregon Legislature lia provided an am mil Dent
for suffrage for women, and riwnT the later
equal bet wwn husband and wife"? I It true
that the law has already gone Into operation ? 'If
so, "Oregon leads, the world in according Justice
to women," should be written in letters of silver
and "The New Northwest leads Oregon,"
should be written everywhere In letters of,goliL
May you live to reap the reward you so Justly
merit, and the gratitude of not only the women of'
the Nation but the men as well. Whatever bene-
fits one sex benefits the other. We are so united
(whether men believe it or not) that it is utterly
Impossible for one to succeed in anything without
the assistance and encouragement of the other..
Where the wife and mother is Ignored ln& family,,
see how soon the family goes to pieces, and how
unhappy and Improvident both the sons and?
daughters grow uprTlie difference between the"
fumlly and the Nation 4s only In size, and both
require the cjoiublned executive, moral and finan
cial ability and power of men and women to con
st itute a perfect government "
The great trouble In this so-called Republic hasi
been that the women, ever since the revolution,.
have been lulled Into Inaction With the sweet
morsel of flattery. They have been told they were
angels, and the more fortunate of them have been
led to believe t hat because they were supported by
fathers, brothers or husbands, everyother woman,,
no matter what her needs or aspirations,, ought' to
.be aatlsflud.wlth.ihe caiuiltlou-olpheet4he--left
of the significant figure, man And yet there
have always Iteen thousands of women without , -these
props, who support and protect themselves- ;
and children by the labor of their hands, with In "
many instances less than half the pay accorded to
men for the same work. It haa only been within?
the past thirty years that the Republican par rjr
(thanks to them for that much) established tho v
pubiro schools In'every district, illere women
have been educated, and the result Is seen In. the
woman movement, whleh has. imbued all wovnera .
who caa learn wisdom with the spirit of liberty --,
I see nothing of the passage of the suffrage reo
lutlon by the Oregon Legislature in any paper
outside of the New Northwest, except In the
Woman Journal, when It should be heralded to- :
the four corners of the earth with a heading of:
red, white and blue, proclaiming that Liberty has
at last taken her proper place with her torch and)
startcxLfortbqJight the world. wlth-Jicr-glory
Yours for rreeiom, , H. L. Knox-Cjoodrich
MAN AND WOMAN.
j . The following beautiful passage Is from "Henry's
Commentary on the Blble'!L "Adam was first
formed, then Eve, and she was made of the man
and foC the man, all of which are urged as reasons
for humility, modesty, silence and submlsslveness
of that sex In general, and particularly the subjec
tion jiand reverence whlchwlves owe to their hus
bands. Yet man being made last of the creation,
as the best and most excellent of all, Jive being
made after Adam, arid out of him, put an' "honor
upon that sex, as the glory of the man.1 If the
man Is (lie head, she-is the crown, a crown to her
husband, the crown to the visible creation. The
jna.nwftsdiistreflnetlf but the woman was dust
doubly refined, one remove further from the earth.
Woman was made of arlb out of the side of Adam;
not out of his head, to rule him, nor out of his feet,
to be trampled upon by him ; but outjgf hlsjjjder Statutes of Texas, that blunderwponthe legality
tobeequaJwHnntmrTjnaer ins arm, tobe
tected ; and neat his heart, to be beloved.". -
READY FOR THE QUESTION t '
' (rrom the HL Louis Wsatcrn Uf ht.J
President Hayes has touched the kejuule of
Woman Suffrage, though he may have talkedB
wiser than he Intended In his last message to
Congress. In speaking of the Fifteenth Amend
ment, he says "It will be the duty of the Execu
tive to prosecute unsparingly all who have beenv
engaged In deprlvlngcitlzensof the rights guaran
tee! to them by the Constitution. It i notr how
ever, to he forgotten that the best and surest
guarantee of the primary rights of citizenship l
tobefpundJn,..that. capacltyforBell-protecUou :
which can belong only to a people whose right of '
univeral suffrage Is supported by universal educa
tion." When the Executive recommends protection for1
women citizens and prosecution against male cltl-'
zens that deprive them of rights, as very clearly
defined In this message, Justice may be considered!
an established governing tower In the Republic.
The United States Constitution-stands to-day a
much a law to Include tlis masculine and feminine
citizens In Its governmental action as the Revised
The Canyon City Newt of the 18th lnstaat says :
The Woman Suffrage Association held Its reg
ular meeting last Friday evening. The time of
the meeting was principally occupied In discuss
be required to render a citizen eligible to the
elective franchise?' If there be any persons still
encumbered with the opinion that a woman can
not ably and correctly preside; over an organized
meeting, or logically, and even eloquently, debate
on any subject they will surely be relieved of
that Idea by attending the meetings of the Asso
ciation." 1 1 " ' ;
Tlie sum of $226, realized by the recent charity
social at the Umatilla House, will be distributed
among the needy and destitute of Tlie Dalles by a
committee of ladles, consisting of Mrs. 8InuotL-itietT--WhatToglo and reason
abot-hls now daughter -called st-Mrr-Vlloft's4Mn. BansburyrMrs. Beezley, Mrs. Smith French Ulaim that It Is right fqrJhJWorsUagoYrallbe.
and Mrs. Donnell.
of the question, placing that SUteinTvaiiceor
Mississippi in making women independent
When Texas says that the masculine gender'
shall Include the' feminine and neuter, and the
Supreme Judge of the United States says that cltl '
zens are people, which must Include both themale
and female element, and. the Executive recom
mends protection to them in their citizenship
what more remains but to take possession? Are---you
ready for the question ? '
"It Is a remarkable fact that two-thirds of thr
church members ln.thla country are women, to -one-third
men; while, on the other hand, nine-
teen-twentletha of the criminals a re men and
only one-twentieth women." Ex, Yet there are
thousands of men who argue that the sex whlcbi
furnishes nineteen-twentieth of the criminals of
the land are the rightful law-makers and rulers of
the sex that furnishes jthsuremainlng'one-twen'' '
there Is In the
betterlementTof tEeNation I