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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
k. J. lUMWlT, Utter aBd PreerMer
lrotedtoihe Inlersrtsof HumanUy.
Independent In Polities and Religion.
Uln to all Live Isaeff, and Thoroughly
) rVIl'B V.roiTA V"am'1miu Street
Radical InOpposingand Ex posingtbc Wrongs
ot the Masses.
J ne veat,
.. I 7S
U X IIIKI
Fans Speech, Free mass, Pure People.
Correspondents writing over assumed slsna
tnras mnt make known their names to tbe
Kdltor, or.no attention will be Riven to their
POKTLANB, OREGON) TIITJRSDA.Y,
Br Mm. A. J. Dl XIWAY.
Atrriin r JOti mod," "ellici Down
" AM URIt IK," "TBI HAPPY
HOHE," "I WOMAN'S SPHKRF.,"
F.ntemd,aeeaftftatt Actor Congrmui, in he
vcr I fit, by Mrs. A. J. Duiwoy, Intbeoflteeor
It mast have been three o'clock in tbe
morning when Gerald, led by two ten Bi
sters, came staggering into camp. I
will spare you the recital of tbe events
that followed. As he hail been wholly
abstinent for home time previous to this I
unfortunate occasion, tbe fiery liquid
the teamsters had presented him under I
the guise of hospitality wakened all the
slumbering demons in ins disease-polio
ted blood. And the agonies of tbat
morning are simply indescribable. I
could not recount tbem if I would.
After several hours of frenzy, lie was
so far sobered as to be able to tell us
where to look for our new location. Tbe
older girls were crying and begging me
for money to take them back to Port
land, Oregon City, or anywhere else
where they might be able to get a living
by going out to service. I was chilled
through and through with tbe unusual
exposure, and my bones ached till every
movement was exquisite torture. Hut
this desire upon tbe part of my daugh
ters to leave me and provide for tbem
selves was a new chapter in my list of
agonizing experiences. J-'or, strange to
say, tbe thought that I should ever be
separated from tbem, except by death,
had never before dawned upon me.
I told tbem that I could not let them
go; that we must sutler and struggle to
gether. "If you'll get rid of the horrid incubus,
whose only claim upon you is tbe, to us,
unavoidable and melancholy fact tbat
he begat as, I'd be willing to live and
die for you !" exclaimed Ktbel, who had
been reading Shakespeare.
I was inexpressibly shocked, but in
my heart I could not much blame the
child. For bad she not spoken the truth
"He is your father, darling, and you
nitisl no' forget tbat filial obedience is
your highest duty," I said, reprovingly.
"The parent who fails to command re
spect need not grumble if he fails to re
ceive it," was the very pertinent reply.
"We'll not discuss that matter, child,"
I said, my heart sinking anew. "I'm I
going over to those teamsters and see if
I can't hire them to remove our effects
to the new ranehe. You keep the camp
till I return."
"O, mother!" exclaimed the girl.
".Surely yon do not in'eud to humiliate
us any farther before those men ! There
ie a young gentleman traveling with
tbem who spoke to us last night, and
assisted us while we were carrying
water. I do bate so badly to have him
know of our poverty and helplessness !
It is bad enough in all conscience for
him to see that our father is a drunken
A pang, no deep and deadly that it
seemed I should never breathe again,
shot through my burdened heart. Very
suddenly I remembered my own young
life and my first experience with love's
Ethel had blushed sea i let, but seeing
the effect of her words umn me, she
turned pale with sudden apprehension.
"Mother, are yon ill?" she asked, ten
derly. "No, darling; it's nothing," I an
swered, aaaoon as I could apeak.
"You're making quite an ado about
nothing," she retorted, with an uneasy
laugh, as she saw that my treath and
speeirb had returned.
"Do yon know that young man's
name or parentage, Ethel ?"
The child looked at me with a sudden
start. The blushes that at first had
overspread her face now covered her
ears and neek, aud extended in a fairly
livid hoe to the roots of her beaaliful
hair. Bbe turned away and did not an
sit possible tbat she is to lie doomed
to endure a matrimonial experience like
my own ?" I asked myself, as tbe mem
ory of the fall tide of my married years
swept through me like a toruado.
But 1 had no time to indulge in tbe
luxury of sorrow. The proprietors of
the ships of the desert, apparently all
unconscious of U)e doroe8tc storm they
had unwitting brewed in my camp.
were Harnessing their mulej( preparatory j
to taking their departure. 1
My husband bad Mleepi am, ;
while bis stupor lasted 1 U,i frw j
to act upon my own responsibility. 1
"Good-rooming, gentlemen," 1
with a smile, tbe best Ieould command,
though I had a painful feeling that a
smile under such circumstance was
very like a grimace.
The men. thus addressed, bronzed aud
bearded and shabbily attired as they
were, suddenly assumed the deferential
manners of gentlemen.
"Anything we can do to serve you,
madam ?" said one.
And as he raised his bat aud bowed, I
instinctively felt that he was none
other than the traveler of whom my
daughter had spoken.
I felt my own cheeks tingle as the hot
blood mounted to mjflface.and a feeling
like tbe ghost of a faded memory swept
over my tenses.
"My husband is wholly unfit to attend
to business this morning, so It devolves
upon me to look after Uie means of eon
veying our e fleets to our new home," I
said, my voice sounding so constrained
and hard that Ieould with dinieulty be
lieve my own ears.
"Madam," replied the gentleman,
again bowing low, while a flosh over
spread his daturas, that I saw were
open, honeati ami handsome, despite tbe
soil and grime of travel, "it woold
a fjord me great pleasure to remain a
few days and assist you in getting set
tled, that ie. If you would not consider
my company an intrusion."
In spite of the nameless dread- tbat
bad Ailed my heart at the prospect of
losing Ktbel's affections, I felt a strange
confidence in tbe young man, though I
could not for my life have told why.
"I am fooUoose," be continued, "and
am searching for a location for myself.
If I can be of any use to you, I shall be
most happy to serve you."
"I should like a team to convey our
effects to the ranehe, sir, and I will pay
whatever tiie serviee may be worth."
Tbe yoongman turned away and held
a short conference with the head mana
ger of the freight train, and returned in
a little while with the intelligence that
they were ready to assist us.
Our household goods, a very meager
quantity, were soou placed atop of the
great loads of produce bound for the
mountain mines, the family, including
my drunken lord, were stowed away in
coddies here and there, ami we started
out from the river's bank and over the
sandy, sage-brash plain behind tbe long
lines of slim-legged, rat-tailed mules, i
that astonished us by tbe fidelity with
which they planted their little hoofs in
tbe flinty roadway aud pulled and
tugged at tbe monster loads, under the
cruel lash of tbe teamsters' whips, from
which their rib-hardened sides shrank
in ill-coneealed agony.
I managed to get a seat iu the forward
wagon, so near my eldest dausbter tbat
she could not exchange a word with our
new friend without my hearing it. Ami
I watched tbem exchange glances of ill
disguised affection with ray heart in
my throat. At tbat hour I fell for tbe j
first time that, rather thau see my child
compelled, even through a match of tier
own choosing, to walk such a road as I
had traveled, I would willingly bang
her with my own hands to a friendly
tree, and submit to personal execution
to expiate the crime, if crime it might
be to shield her from a slow, living
death by sudden strangulation. But I
fell tbat there was no resisting destiny,
and so I tried as well as I could to be re
signed to what seemed my Inevitable
Our new home was a broad expanse of
almost treeless plain, with heavy bunch
grass waving in great atches here aud
i there, tbe monotony broken by occa
sional tracts of sage, tbe snarled and
aged and dnarfed appearance of which
was in strange contrast to the vast ex
panse which they crowned, in humble
imitation of an oaken forest.
Off in one direction rose the purply
blue range known as the Blue Moun
tains, and in another, with a vast waste
of broken valleys intervening, the
snow-crowned Cascades loomed up, ap
pearing in tbe distance like a mammoth
line of bleaching linen. Joaquin Miller
may or may not be a poet, but that ex
pression of his in which the Sierras are
said t look "as If Diana's maid had
hung her mistress' linen out todry upon
their bent and awayiug line," contains
trutli when applied to the Cascades,
whether there's any poesy in it or not.
But my mind was not prepared to en
joy the beantyor sublimity of nature.
' I was thinking not only of my own fu
, lure lot, bat of the fate in store for
, Kthel, my thirling.
At last oor heavy five-mile drive was
over, and we halted upon u gentle emi
nence, with aage and grease wood all
arouud us, and a willow-fringed river
hard by. In the center of the rising
ground was a cabin, made of "shakes,"
with au earthera floor, ami the sky for
windows. The place had been occupied
for a few months at some former period.
ami then abandoned by its squatter
"What ever possessed father to cause
him to imagine tbat we could live iu
such a place as this?" said Ethel, her
cheeks aglow with feeling, and her eyes
brilliant with a new light.
"Never mind," replied her younger
sister; "we'll make a beautiful home
liere after we've had a little time to im
I was disappointed in everything;
yet, had it not been for Gerald's relapse
into drunkenness, I should not have
been hopeless. As it was, I was as one
I went about the duties f unloading
iu an aimless, dead-alive sort of way,
1 f't much relieved when the teams
were rvadv t ...1 .
( the baiid,me glra,)ger that ,,a(J ,m.
- iuu iivir w 1 1 11 mem
H" my clillil.
The head man of the frei
,ny bad received hi, lay, am, Were
ready, as I though,, to move Qn rimJ
leave us, when tbe man who had given
me so much uoeaeiuese, though it was
through no fault of bis own that he had
disturbed me, approached the spot where
I was sorting my chattels, and raisiug
his hat, exclaimed falteringly :
"Madam, would you not like to em-
, .. . . . ihaMRAllA"!
pioy a nanu to netp you ou
I looked up wonderingly, aivd made
"I should like employment," lie con
tinued, hurriedly, "and you will pardon
me, but I do not think It safe for you to
remain here alone with your family,
witli your husbaud in bis present condi
tion." 'T have no money to pay a lalrarer,
sir. You are very kind, but I prefer
getting along as we are."
"But I want no wages until our labors
shall produce tbem," he replied,
!romptly. "Indeed, I am possessed of a
few hundreds, with which I will pur
chase stock-a ml fanning Implements. I
wish to homestead a elalm adjoin I lie
this one, and I realise my need of asso
ciation with a worthy family. If you
are willing to employ me, I will engage
myself to you for one year, at fifty dol
lars per month and board, and I will in
vest the little money I possess In sheep,
cattle, a span of horses, and some farm
ing implements. The live stock you
can hold on shares, all their service and
one-half the increase to be yours at tbe
end ot two years, and the machinery to
belong to you as fast as you may be able
to pay for it. Pardon me If I seem
abrupt, but the teams are going, ami if
we do not elose oar bargain, I will ac
"Do hire him, mother," said two of
the girls; but Ethel, whom I knew to be
more deeply interested than the others,
Again I remembered the old happi
ness that once had crowned me, aud
hardly knowing why I did it, I ex
claimed: "I accept your oiler, sir. We s. hall be
very glad to have you."
He bowed deferentially and turned to
tbe wagou to secure his traveling bag,
while I, overcome with emotion, clasped
Ktbel to my bosom, and inwardly
prayed tbe great Father to shield and
The dear child returned my fowl em
brace for an instant, aud then addressed
herself to herduties, her lips compressed
with intense feeling.
"My name," qnalntly remarked our
new attache, "is MeDonald George
McDonald. I am a native of New
Brunswick, but I have lived so much
among tbe New Euglaml people that I
readily pass for a downright Yankee. I
am somewhat given to asking ques
tion. Will you be kind enough to in
troduce yourself to me, madam T I am
curious to learn your name."
I extended my hand laughingly.
"Oor name is Grey, Mr. MeDonald.
Allow me to present my daughter, Miss
Grey, and Miss Alice. Aud these are
tbe younger Misses Grey," Indicating
the smaller children.
The ice was broken now, and we were
If ever I knew one man who proved 1
superior to all others, as a factotum aud j
a gentleman, thai mau was George j
McDonald. He fulfilled hie part of our
contract to tbe very letter, and to our,
complete satisfaction. i
As usual, Gerald took but little notice
of our affairs, and paid no attention to
procuring the means of our common
livelihood. I had so many times lost
my entire earnings through the techni
calities of a legal system that gave
every advantage into the unrestrained
nana oi my iiusuami, that 1 was now
resolved to guard against his future
power to rob meof my hard-earned pos
sessions. So I laid tbe case before rov
hired man, only to find that, because I
' was a wife, and therefore not the head
of a family heaven save the mark I '
had no homestead rights, ami could !
have no hope of any, because I was not
Good reader, cau you pardon me when
I declare that I most devoutly wished
that I could be a widow ? Would you
not, under the same conditions, have
been troubled with a like longing?
How long will men continue iu the
manufacture and enforcement or laws
that place a premium upon the inde
pendent condition of widowhood as com
pared to wifehood ? I know ft is a very
common thing for men to sympathize
with widows. Permit me to declare
to you that my deepest sympa
thies are exiwnded upon those unfortu
nate wives who desire widowhood In or
der that they niBy be free to provide
themselves and children with a liomeof
their own earning, from which no Im
provident husband may hove the right
to oust them through debta of hi own
(To be continued.
How refreshing to be credibly In
formed that the State of Maine has on
hand about a million tons of ice, which
will eontributeagood deal toward keep
lug the world cool. A large proportion
of this Ice has been cut from the Ken
nebec Itiver, along whose banks a
stranger sees, as one visitor expresses it,
in.linua4 to the licht of him. ice-
houses to the left of him. Ice-houses in
XiWZ; nd surlors. Nor did I ever know a
lugton, Baltimore' etc The Peuobscot people mi perfectly care-free and np
Itlver, in Maine, also yields a good deal ' paretly happy as they. And, though
of lee now, arrangements having been j . . thoughts may never rise above
made to free It, by a , tom lheu.d tbe,r geose of h
wbicb formerly caused It to be gritty. ineie' " c j ... . .. .
! ridiculous is so large that they never
It is remarked of the average Chicago I fatl to (Uncover the ludicrous side to
couple: "Two Mtuls with hut a slugle ! -..-....1,1,,- nnd dismiss with a laugh
thought-lK,w to get rid of each other." y ,,0 not fuMy cotapre.
Soliloquy by a tippler The public al- hend. and I might add that this corn
ways notices wheu you have been drink- prices about all they seo or hear. Many
lug, aud never when you are thirsty. Ulem poS9ess an endless fund of an-
Yellow fever has broken outotXew
THE INDIAN WAS OF 1855-6.
Here the several companies were ex
amined by a committee appointed for
that purpose, ond oil whose horse or
equipments were tliought Inadequate to
the purposes of an cllectlve winter cam
paign were oilered a discharge. By
what authority this order was promul
gated I never knew, hot so It wa9. But
it was interesting to observe the chill
ing effect the Yakima snow-storm had
produced upon the patriotism of not a
few. Men who had previously, In the
most forcible language, declared their
intentions of remaining In the field till
the last saucy red-skin was cither, killed
or conquered, though perils and prlva
tlous might menace theti at every step,
were now quite willing to return to
their homes, and allow the arrogant
savages to enjoy their easy triumph un
challenged. But the patriotism of all
was not of this ephemeral character, as
examples of that virtue were displayed
at this juncture that were certululy
commendable. In one Instance a non
commissioned nflleer of our company,
feariug that the horse of a stalwart
young mechanic would not be accepted
by tbe committee, and the young man's
superior marksmanship be lost to the
service, gave him Ills own in exchange,
and accepted the alternative of return
ing home himself, although It was
patent to all that he would have served
the Territory in the capacity of colonel
The Indians In the Walla Walla Val
ley having allied themselves with the
Yakiuias ami driven the few white set
tlers from that country, Colonel Kelly
placed four companies of volunteers un
der the command of a young lawyer by
tbe name of Chinn, and ordered them to
proceed at nnee to that locality. Ar
riving at the point where the old emi
grant road crosses the Umatilla for the
last time, information reached them
that the Indians under the notorious
Pe-pe-uiox-mox were fortifying near
the mouth of the Walla Walla, with
the view of giving the volunteers tbe
kind of a welcome to their beautiful
country that old Skloo hud given the
regulars, under Huller, a month pre
vious. Major Chinn thinking, and
j wisely, that it won Id be the extreme of
' madness to proceed against the superior
J force of Mox-mox with his poorly
: equipped ami totally undisciplined
I troops, determined to halt at this place
I and await the arrival of reinforcements
j under Colonel Kelly. Here he erected
I a stockade pen about one hundred feet
, square as a protection against assault,
aud called it Fort Henrietta. This pre
caution was regarded by many of the
volunteers as a display of cowardice,
and though always good-naturedly,
they tried, by sly taunts and pointed
thrusts, to provoke him to a re-consideration
of his determination. One
evening, as I was sitting by the Major's
camp-fire, some one with a nasal squeal
struck up a song beginning as follows :
"O, Major China, O, Major Chinn,
It must be you're a coward,
Kase you're Trald to 20 to Walla Wal
Kor tear you'll be devoured."
Then a score of voicea on as many
different pitches Joined in the chorus :
Tben mount tbe baexMng klooc,
And 'twill be no sin, sir,
To whip It-pe-mox like the deaee,
Under tbe gallant Chinn, sir."
The Major listened attentively until
tbe last verse was drawled out, and then
expressed tho hope that, like Byron, our
j entertainers might prove as good sol
, diers as they were poets and musicians.
Oue day, while harding the horses
about a mile from camp, twenty Indi
ans swooped down upou us. We saw
them iu time to start the herd toward
the camp in u full run, but they over
took us and succeeded In killing one of
our number, and, but for tho assistance
of a party that came opportunely to our
relief, they would have doubtless killed
all three of us, and captured the whole
band of horses. The young man, An
drews by name, who lost his fe, be
longed to Company I. I think he
joined the company nt Portland, and,
so far at I could learn, had no relatives
In the country. We burled him by the
bank of the singing stream, and to-day
It would be Impossible to identify the
spot where rests this first victim from
among the Oregon volunteers.
A few days after Andrews' death, we
were pleased to see a long cavalcade ap
proaching from the direction of Butter
Creek, and soon the other companies of
our regiment drew themselves up on
the bank of the Umatilla near us. Here
I visited the camp of Captain Con
noyer's scouts. With perhaps a half-
doxen exceptions, they were the de
scendants of that somewhat noted class,
the Canadian voyagewr aud their In
dian wives, aud were a reckless and un
cultivated set of men. But with all their
faults, and they were neither few nor
small, they were warm-hearted, hospl-
f ,0ei alH excessively polite to strangers
eodote. and are never better pleased
I than when rehearsing or listening to
some greatly exaggerated account of ex
citing adventure. Indeed, so given are
they to hyperbole, that few of them
seem capable of giving an unembel
lished account of anything.
While sitting by their blazing camp
fire, some one remarked that we would
probably have cold weather in Walla
Walla during the winter. "Cold 1"
sold Narcisse V , supplementing the
word with the monosyllable that is
used to denote the place of darkness,
"why, the coldest weather here Is like
a hake oven compared with the Black
foot country. Forty years ago I was
trapping on the head-waters of the
Missouri, ami one morning, mounting
my horse, the same one I have with me
uow, I proceeded to visit my traps a
mile or two distant. I had just gained
my saddle to return to camp, when I
was horrified at seeing a thousand
Blackfeet charging down the hill to
ward me. Kuowing my life depended
on outrunning them, I put spurs to my
horse, and didn't he scratch gravel ! I
don't believe he touched the ground
more than a half-doxen times (luring
the first half-mile. I then reined him
in to get a breath, and, turning my
head, discovered that all the savages
had given up the chase except one, and
he was in close pursuit, with his long
bow drawn ready to launch an arrow
into the roll of buffalo robes that I wore
around me. I dropped from my horeo,
and, drawing a bead on the Indian with
this same rifle I have with me now, I
planted au ounce-ball just above Ills
glowing eye-balls. His horee now
halted and began eating grass. I had
reloaded by this time, and gave him
another salute, but, judge of my sur
prise on having my bullet whix back
over my head as It bounded off" from his
tongh hide. The savage still held his
bow drawn, and I was puzzled to know
why be did not shoot. But when his
horse in feeding turned his head away
from me, and the Indian his aim in the
same direction, the mystery was solved.
He had froieu stiff in the pote he had
assume! on first attempting to shoot
me. I approached and tried to push
him from his horse, but they were in
separable. I pushed the poor horse
over a number of times, but could not
dislodge his rider, for his legs bad frozen
as hard as a rock in the shape he had
clinched them to prevent his going over
the horse's head as he thundered down
the hill toward me. I towed the horse
Into camp, however, aud a stoue-cutter
with his mallet aud ehlsei succeeded,
after two days' hard labor, in ampu
tating one of the savage's legs above
the knee, and then we got him oil his
horse. I dragged him a hundred yards
from camp, and there his carcass lay
until the following July, proof against
the swarms of huugry wolves, when,
thawing out sufficiently, the arrow
slipped from his fingers and killed a
long swath of his snarling tormeuters."
His auditors listened attentively until
the story was concluded, when they all
Joined in a hearty laugh. Then each
hud some ludicrous addition to suggest,
or quizzing question to ask, all vocifer
ating at the same time, and each striv
ing to be heard above oil others.
But when it is known that these un
cultured sons of nature possess the in
trepidity and impetuosity of the French
man, the cunning and endurance of the
Indian, and that they are not excelled
by Ilusslan Cossack, Egyptian Mame
luke, Arabian freebooter or Mexican
vaquero In horsemanship, their effi
ciency as Indian fighters will not be
(To be continued.
Ix Sisi'EXSE. "Why, my dear, what
Is the mutter? What can you mean?
You look so depresed. It cannot he
and yet oh, relieve this killing sus
pense! Alexander, have you fulled?"
said his wife, with clasped hands.
"No, my dear; my credit is yet unim
paired, and business Is looking up."
"You can't mean to say, my dear,
that your old pain In the head has come
"You haven't had to pay the note fur
your brother Joseph V
"Have you, now tell me, Alexander
Bldlaek, have you hud nuother attack
of vertigu ?"
"Has youroashier broken his Murphy
"Now I know T expected it I knew
It nil the time I fell sure It would be
so. Mr. Debonair has asked for Sera
phina?" "No, nothing of the kind."
"Then tell me, without waiting an
other minute, what has happened; I can
bear it; let me know the worst."
"Well, that breeches button I told
you about has got tired of hanging on
by one thread, and here it is." Ebnua
"A woman has no right to practice
law or preach," remarked au old cur-
mudgeou to us, the other dav. We In
quired of him whether, In his opinion.
woman nan a rigui to pay taxes, lie tried
by a jury of her peers, or learn the les
sons of Christianity iu short, whether
human rights were matters of sex or of
Intellect. If of intellect, then they must
necessarily belong to both sexes alike.
There are Idiots In this world who will
advance the opinion yet that a woman
has no right to be hungry or cold no
right to tile. oan Jote Mercury.
"A tramp bill has been reported in the
2tew Hampshire legislature to punish
tramps with fifteen mouths iu the State
prison for kindling fires 011 land without
the owner's consent, two years for car
rying fire-arms, aud five years for any
malicious injury 10 personal or real
OUE WASHINGTON LETTER.
Tothf. Editok or tuk Nr.w XOKTHWBfr:
We referred last week to the baseless
Investigation of charges against our Co
Inmbla Hospital, and the final report
of the Board of Inquiry confirms our
statement. The discharged nurse who
caused the investigation absolutely had
no case, for her own witnesses failed to
sunirart any of her allegations, so the
Board dismissed the matter as un
worthy any further consideration. We
expect another Investigation next win
ter of the insane asylum, because one of
its Inmates charges that he is improp
erly held and treated. One of our dally
papers polishes the letter which he
writes, aud we doubt not that some
Congressman whose brains are quite as
as. lacking.. iu equilibrium as the .lu
natic's, will introduce aud press upon
the House a resolution of inquiry into
the care and treatment of the asylum
patients. The name of this lunatic is
Conway. He brought himself into
great notoriety here a few yeare since
by attempting to shoot Senator Pome
roy, of Kansas, for alleged Improper
advances to his (Conway's) wife. No
attempt was made to-punish him there
for, and for a long time afterward he
was permitted to wander through our
street-), as his undoubted insanity took
the harmless form of decorating his
clothes and hat with colored rags and
ribbons, which he alleged were Insignia
pertaining to the high rank he held
among the aristocrats of the world.
Tbat he remains "as mad as a March
bare," no one doubts who sees him at
the asylum clinging lovingly to his dec
orations, yet he is sane enough to match
with some of the members of Congress;
hence, our belief tbat au investigation
will he demanded next winter. The
asylum passed through a rigid and
searching one last year, which developed
only the fact that an honest superin
tendent could at times overlook certain
details entrusted necessarily to attend
ants, and, as he resigned after acquittal,
it is about time to "go for" his suc
cessor. Under an aet of Congress,
there is a post office box provided at
this asylum iu which patients can de
posit letters without interference or es
pionage of the officials; hence, any
friend cau be informed of abuses, should
any exist, aud sanity enough be found
to do the needful writing involved.
It must be gratifying to the whole
people of the United States to know
that Washington not only has the
largest medical library iu the world,
but that It is being put to one of the
very best uses that such a collection of
valuable books can be employed. Un
der the immediate supervision of the
Surgeon-General, a book of reference is
being compiled which is to he to every
intelligent physician in the land what
the "American Encyclopaedia" is to the
student of general knowledge. Litera
ture has not yet had an acquisition of
this kind, aud its addition, growing out
of the Federal City as the work of one of
Its public officers, will be a matter of no
little interest to the citizen who prides
himself on his nationality. When it is
remembered this book will enable the
physician in the shortest manner pos
sihle to Inform himself on any case he
may have on hand by all that has ever
been written on the subject, its value to
the health of the world can scarcely be
over-estimated. It is Intended that
every library shall be furnished with
one at the cost of productioa, the copy
consisting of six volumes, each about
as large as "Webster's Dictionary."
The Commissioner of Agriculture,
General Le Due, is determined his in
cumbency shall not be profitless to the
country. The subject of fig culture has
now his earnest and thorough investi
gation, which has prepared him to an
nounce, with the utmost confidence,
that tl'is fruit cau he successfully and
most profitably cultivated in the tem
perate and warm climate of America.
He strongly recommends the subject to
agriculturists throughout the country,
and suggests the varieties as tbe best to
be experimented upon. In collecting
ids Information, he has availed himself
of tho services of our foreign ministers
stationed in fig-growing countries. It
is quito possible that curing figs may
become as much an American Industry
as making raisins aud sorghum syrup.
Congress authorized the public printer
to publish a third edition of the "Po
laris Expedition," and to furnish a copy
at cost to any person wanting it. It Is
a large, well-bound book, beautifully il
lustrated, and of finest typography.
Its cost Is $1 75, which sum will cover
postage; hence,- any person desiring a
copy can secure it by remitting this
amount here to Hon. John D. Defrees.
Washington, D. C, July 26, 1S78.
anss warren, 01 lexas, Having a
brother in the penitentiary, uniustlv
sentenced, as she believes, has taken a
novel auu ellecllve method to protest.
She appears everywhere in nubile, nt
church, parties, etc., in a dress made of
such striped cloth as convicts wear
Believing her brother innocent, she has
made up her mind thus to display her
sympathy, and call attention to the
wrong which has been done to him.
An exchange encouragingly remarks
that the average young man is so unre
liable that fathers ought to hide thulr
daughters. What the average youn"
mau is afraid of is not so much that a
father will hide his daughter n,t h
Vll J,V'?,e.?veraSe y& man.
"Portable Hadea" SnbdHed.
Much has been said, ond much un
wittingly, that proves tho effects of
Woman Suffrage where it exists to be
beneficial and elevating In Its tendency.
The following, though evidently not
Intended for proof of this oharaeter, Is
proof nevertheless. It is from corre
spondence or a Rochester newspaper, ami
the reader will remember that Woman
Suffrage has prevailed in the place de
scribed about eight years :
Inasmuch as the most interesting
feature of a Western town is Its social
character, it may be well to remark
that Cheyenne has long enjoyed tbe en
viable and eloquent sobriquet of "Hell
on Wheels." There is no mistaking
the meaning conveyed In this name.
There is none of the playfulness gener
ally characterizing a title of affection or
endearment. It is, of course, a nick
name given because "Old Niefe him
self held conrt there for several years.
It is not intended to convey sarcasm by
contrast. It is intended for fact. Al
though the Juggernaut car of deviltry,
which created for the place so fearful
au appellation, has not rolled far to the
West, ami Is keeping sliort-nantl record
ing augels busy in the mining towns of
Utah aud Nevada, yet the track it left
is by no means entirely overgrown or
hidden by the grateful verdure of peace
and order. Cheyenne has done much
to redeem itself, and to-day it is not
only pleasant and safe, but In many re
spects desirable as a place of abode.
The old crowd of roughs that once ren
dered the town obnoxious to decent
people have passed away, some to other
fields of dissipation and crime, and
many of tbem are lying peacefully and
quietly with their boots on, In a little
neiu out on the plain, not a suort dis
tance from the city. The old dance
houses and variety theaters, where the
trouble began at the opening of the
doors at four o'clock in the afternoon,
aud kept up all night; where acts of real
tragedies were interspersed between tbe
comedies, aud where revolver shots
constituted the metronomic time, beat
ing for the music; where fortunes were
made or lost by tbe turn of a card or
tbe count of a dice as coolly as marbles;
where female purity was never thought
of, and human life was cheaper than a
blow; where the biggest thief was the
most admired, and the biggest bully tbe
most respected all these and concom
itant evils have passed away, leaving
in comparison hut very feeble imita
tions of their vice-breeding haunts.
The places that once knew nothing of
the Sabbath day and its hallowed influ
ences now rejoice in the existence of
organized and successful church soci
eties. The Methodists, Presbyterians,
Catholics, Episcopalians and Congrega
tionallsts, all have good, commodious
buildings aud schools. The nubile
seliools are also well conducted and well
attended. All this has been effected
within six years, and the good work
goes steadily on.
How 'Women Should Be E (! seated.
Miss Jennie V. Stanton is lecturing
in the East on subjects connected with
the intellectual advancement of women.
The New York papers speak in high
terms of her lectures, and from the fol
lowing extract from one of them, enti
tled "How Shall Women be Educated,"
we judge she Is well deserving of all the
praise she is receiving:
Mothers, educate your daughters In
every science that can be utilized to their
benefit. Fathers, let the capabilities of
your children and not theirsex, influence
your partiality iu bestowing upon them
Never mind if some esteemed friend,
or lover, is afraid of a girl "making a
man ot herself." An educated woman
knows that can never be done! A well
educated woman, who is in a normal con
dition, always wins in the race of life for
health, wealth, exellenoe or distinction.
Never mind if even the majority of men
superciliously remind us of our "sphere"
or discourse to us of God's purpose In
creating u, "the glory of motherhood,"
eie. io man cau ever Know hair so
much about "the glory or motherhood"
as even the weakest and most ignorant of
In roy eagerness and anxiety to have
the large majority of women who are so
situated as to be mostly inaccessible to
culture, who have much poverty and
prejudice to overcome, I do not forget
thatthey needaspecial inspiration to en
deavor in the way of proper companion
ship and proper books, and my heart goes
out to them with a great love and oare.
In conclusion, man represents power.
woman represents the affections. Mau
provides for woman, woman cares for
that provision. Man dispenses liberally,
woman economizes and ntilizes the
means entrusted to her keeping. Man is
more efficient for progress, but woman
for elevation. Man may lay a broader
scientific basis, but woman will build up
higher toward Heaven.
It is impossible that society should
ever attain to a higher moral condition
without the higher culture of woman.
Society Is to be elevated by the omnip
otent powerof moral education, of which
woman may be the principal channel.
It is useless to talk about tbe equality
of the sexes, for they are not and never
can be equal.
Man is the superior of woman in force
and science, but woman is superior to
man iu that without which force and
science are worthless, the moral nature,
which bestows happiness here and leads
to influitely higher happiness here
after. I will not omit to thank the noble
men who protect the noble women; nor
forget to thank the noble women who.
In spite of all hinderances, in spite of
defamation, and In the very face of mar
tyrdom, are struggling to elevate their
sex, and are urging them to keep pace
with advancing civilization.
The world is overflowing with badly
organized humanity, men, women atui
children, whose relatiou to society!
the same as that of thistles aud nettl
In the vegetable world. To sit dowi
OUletlv nnd sfiv thorn Is nn belli for till
condition of things, is an insult to tbe
intelligence or the race.
Miss Amanda Turner, of Vloeland, -one
of the newest aspirants for pub
favor as a singer. Thus far she has be. ..
received with much appreciation.
Whocan tell the valueofasmlle? r.