Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
tufa i w wjif itt i
UBS. A. J. DCXIWAT, fcflltor and Proprietor.
OFFICE Cob. Feoxt A Washisctos Streets
A Journal for the People.
Devoted to the Interests of Humanity.
' Independent In Politics and Religion.
Alive to all Live Issues, and Thoroughly
Radical In Opposing and Exposing the Wrongs
ol the Masses.
TERMS, IN ADVANCE:
Free Speech, Free Press, Free People.
ADVERTISEMENTS Inserted on Reasonable
FOTtTIAJNPD, OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVE3IBER 24, 187G.
EDNA AND JOHN:
. A Romance of Idaho Flat.
Uy Mns. A. J. DUSTWAY,
AUTHOR OF "JUDITU EEID," "ELLEN MOT,'
"AMZE AND HENRY LEE," "THE UAJ'l'V
HOME," "ONE WOMAN'S SPHERE,"
ETC., ETC, ETC
Entered, according to Act of Congress.In the
year 1S76, by Mrs. A. J. Duni way. In the ofllce of
the Librarian of Congress at Washington City.
AVoman's degraded, helpless position is the
weak point of our institutions to-day a diS'
turblng lorce everywhere, severing family ties,
filling our asylums with the deat, the dumb,
the blind, our prisons with criminals, our cit
ies with drunkenness and prostitution, our
homes with disease and death. National Cen
tennial Equal Rights Protest.
Mr. Rutherford met his wife with an
injured air. He had been lonesome !
She hadn't asked his permission to
leave home, and so on.
"I know it all, dear," was the good
woman's kindly reply. "I've been
lonesome and uneasy about you many
a time, and I knew how you'd feel, but
duty called me away from you, and 1
really couldn't help it."
"No duty ever calls a woman away
from her husband!" said Solon, an
grily. "I provide this home for you,
and furnish it with every needed com
fort, and it's as little as you ean do to
be contented with your lot, aud remain
in it, madam !"
"Am I complaining, Solon?" asked
the wife, kindly.
"You'd better be !" was the sulky an
swer. Mrs. Rutherford did not care to pro
long the controversy. But she could
not help remembering the long and
anxious years of weary trials of mother
hood through which she had passed in
her younger years of wifehood, when an
infinitesimal fraction of her husband's
present professed solicitude about her
personal safety and comfort would have
been to her weary body and tired spirit
like refreshing rain drops to the thirsty
earth; neither could she avoid recogni
tion of the fact that in departing from
her home on her own business, and at
her own discretion for once, she had
only followed the example set by her
protecting liege iu the beginning of
their matrimonial career an example
to which he had adhered, whenever the
occasion suited h.im, ever since.
It was also impossible for her to help
knowing, woman though she was, that
the "every comfort" her husband
boasted of having so liberally provided,
for her to "stay at home and enjoy,"
had been the product of her own domes
But argument, where right is all upon
one side, and usurped power all upon
the other, is utterly useless, and no one
is better aware of the fact than the pow
erless party in any controversy.
Finding that his wife so skillfully
avoided further conversation upon the
subject that so seriously annoyed him
that its further pursuit was useless, Mr.
Rutherford ordered his horse aud buggy
and drove away through the fields,
leaving Aunt Judy and Mrs. Rutherford
to talk over their business in unmo
"Such a time as I've had !" 6aid the
latter. "I really didn't know how much
I did depend upon Solon about some
things till I went to the city alone.
Accustomed as J. am at home to taking
the lead in everything that's disagreea
ble, giving him opportunity whenever
he's in the house to read the newspapers
and smoke to his heart's content, while
I build fires and churn, aud scrub floors
aud press cheese, and do everything else
unaided, I was not prepared to find my
self such a baby as I proved to be with
out him, when alone in St. Louis. Yet
I couldn't help asking myself if it
wasn't all in use, after all. And, Judy,
I believe it is. The places of responsi
bility that require little exhibition of
physical strength are all monopolized
by the stronger halt of humanity. So-
Ion rides over the country in a buggy
and speculates in land, using the money
I've earned at the cheese press to com
plete bis bargains, aud puts the surplus
in bank " "
"There, Susan!" interrupted Aunt
Judy. "I'm glad you're coming to the
bank business. Did you get the
'.'Yes, I got it; but only by a little
tact. I said something that led them to
believe Solon would withdraw all bis
funds if they failed to honor his wife';
demand. Men have a certain pride in
impressing other men with the idea
that they hold their wives' orders as
honorable, and altogether above ques
tion. But I may make much of what
I've got this time. I'll never dare tore-
peat the experiment. Yet, after all
why haven't I as good right to control
the accumulated funds of our marriage
copartnership as Solon ? I felt like
thief when I took the money, although
1 Knew that in Uod's eyes it was mine,
If anybody's. When Solon discovers
it he'll scold and act injured", and nearly
break my heart by his colduess," and
Mrs. Rutherford wept bitterly.
"Women don't deserve to be free, be
cause they're such precious fools !" said
Aunt Judy, contemptuously.
"I hope you speak from personal ex
perience," replied her friend, laughing
in spite of her tears.
"Yes, I do !" was the decided repfy.
"Women are slaves to their own hearts
slaves to the love they bear their fath
ers, husbands, brothers and children.
They give men all the advantage, all
the power, and then complain because
the men accept it."
"I think you're wrong there, Judy.
Men take the power, take the property,
make the laws to protect themselves
from each other, and then depend upon
the chivalry which they caunot trust
among themselves for justice to wom
anhood. Woman accepts the situation,
first, out of her great love for her hus
band, and secondly, because she cannot
"But what of Edna and John?" asked
"Indeed, you've asked a question I
cannot answer. Edna is already so sick
of her foolish and hasty bargain that
she is making both herself and husband
miserable. He, poor fellow, means well
enough, but be isn't a Solomon or an
Atlas. He hasn't the wisdom to build
temple or rule a realm, nor the energy
and perseverauce to bear a world on his
shoulders. Edna feels his incapacity.
nd, what is more, admits it. Wives
generally stimulate their pride to ena
ble them to endure their burdens by de
nying ' that their husbands can do
"Did you give them the thousand dol
"You were wise in that. Those chil
dren must be taught from the begin
ning, as though they were babies. They
don't know anything about tho value
I don't know about that, Judy.
Edna has suddeuly developed a wonder
ful business acumen. She lays plans
for the future, or tries to, rather, for you
know she has no power to carry them
out; but she tries to lay them with as
much forethought as though she had all
her life been accustomed to considering
the ways and means of livelihood. But
it won't do to trust John with money.
Should I give them the roll of bills I
have procured at such a sacrifice to my
own peace of mind, he'd simply board
and dress and ride in buggies and play
billiards till it was all gone."
"What, then, do you propose to do ?"
"It breaks my heart, Judy; but Edna
wants to go with her husbaud to the
borders of the far Pacific. She fancies
that a new beginning away out in a
new country will stimulate him to ef
fort. I didn't tell her about the money,
but I've made up my mind, if you'll
give 'em shelter till spring, to provide
them a team and traveling outfit aud
send them away with my blessing."
"But if Solon discovers that you have
drawn the money from bank, what
theu? It's his, you know, in the eyes
of the law, aud he can seize the team
you purchase, or anything else you get
for them, if he so wills, aud you cannot
I've thought, that all out, Judy.
You are to take the money, keep it
through the winter, and do the buying
n the spring. It will be quite a tax
upon you to feed them through the win
ter, but I can slip you a little provision
now and theu, and will save some but
ter, and occasionally a cheese, for your
pin money. If Solon only would let
me, I should be so glad to open this
great house to them, that I might enjoy
Edna's society for the last time !"
The good womau could bear no more.
Breaking into uncontrollable sobs, she
stole away to commune In solitude with
her own bitter thoughts. She remem
bered Edna in her babyhood. All the
sweet, endearing recollections that clus
tered around the bright young life that
had budded and blossomed iu the old
house were dead now, and she did not
even have the sympathy of her husband
in the dearth of her bereavement. Her
heart ached for Solon, too. She knew
how many fond hopes he had builded
through all the years of Edna's child
hood upon her brilliant future; how His
every aspiration had centered upon the
possibility of a brilliant match for her,
the thought that she should ever excel
upon her own account never having
crossed bis brain; she knew that, in
spite of his stern exterior, he secretly
loved his daughter still, and she longed,
with an irrepressible loneliness, for his
cordial acquiescence in her desire to
make the best of circumstances from
their present unsatisfactory standpoint.
But Solon Rutherford was not torbe ap
proached upon the subject. His will
was law, aud his wife would liave ap
proached the Sultan of Turkey upon a
forbidden theme with quite as much as
surance as she could have mustered for
the ordeal of approach to him.
Being a wife, and therefore incapaci
tated from doing business on her own
account, except that business was fully
understood and sanctioned byher pro-
tector and head, Mrs. Rutherford wisely
gave the entire, responsibility of her
plans into thehandsof Aunt Judy, who,
being unsupported and unprotected, was
in a measure free to follow the dictates
of her own conscience.
Law books were procured for John, by
Edna's contrivance, but the effort to
make a lawyer of him only succeeded
when she was by his side, reading with
him, and absorbing legal lore for him
resides, she could learn and retain
knowledge so much faster than he, that
nis simple recitations became exceed'
lngly distasteful to her. But she hero
ically nerved herself to endure his slower
progress, and thus the winter wore
away, bringing early spring-time, out,
to Edna's great concern, no visible
change in their prospects.
John was as contented as a pet kitten.
He had plenty to eat, a warm fire to
toast his toes before, a wife who be
longed to him, and what more did he
need ? An ambitious mau would have
been uneasy as to the future, but not so
Mrs. Rutherford, true to her promise,
regularly slipped provisions to the
cabin through the instrumentality of a
trusty servant who had loved Edna
from babyhood, and Aunt Judy man
aged to make such "turns" in her dick
ering at the village grocery as enabled
them to keep the larder comfortably
Mrs. Rutherford visited her daughter
once during the winter, thereby raising
such a domestic storm at home as pre
vented a repetition of the experiment.
Her husbaud believed the custody of his
wife was his paramount right, and it
was not strange that he failed ,to con
sider her conscience or inclination in
the matter. Had the wife been fully
awakened to her own responsibiity, she
would have met the storm and con
quered it, as many a woman has done
in these latter years, thereby bringing
peace to her own heart aud comparative
happiness to the soul of her husbaud.
Solon Rutherford was miserable, even
in carrying out his own purposes.
Every human being is endowed with
the natural inception of tyrauuy. A
proper distribution of frictions and
forces brings a proper equilibrium of
liberty. Supreme, or one-sided power,
brings uubappinoss even to its possessor.
But, as we have said, spring came, and
with it no visible change iu the finan
cial prospects of Edna aud John.
"Have you made any plans for the fu
ture ?" Edna asked one day, after hav
ing pored over Blackstone until every
page and paragraph was indelibly pho
tographed upon her brain, while John,
with a memory like a blurred sentitive
plate, seemed to fail in all the finest
points of comprehension.
"I don't know as I Jiave," was the
simple auswer, while ho kept his eyes
riveted upon the printed page.
"When do you intend to have any
plans?" asked Edua, impatiently. At
this rate you'll conquer your legal stud
ies in a quarter of a century, after
which, in another quarter, you'll be
able to introduce yourself to practice.
In the meantime 'a fool for luck, aud a
poor man lor ciiiidren,' you know
you'll have a family to support aud ed
ucate, and who's goiug to do it?"
John vouchsafed no reply.
"Do you think," continued Edna,
"that we have a life lease on Auut
Judy ? Aud would you be contented to
accept this home aud these surround
ings for a lifetime, if we had.?"
Still no reply.
Edna could have bitten him in her
Did you intend that I should be
compelled to live like this, a prisoner
upon the bounty of a poverty-stricken
grand-aunt, when you made such roseate
promises for the future iu the model
love letters that captivated me, but
which I find to be no more like you on
close acquaintance than if you never
had written them ?"
John blushed. He did hope that
Edua never would discover that those
letters were copied ones.
"I expected, when I married you," he
said, at length, "that I'd step into a
great farm-house, with negroes aud post
horses, and a fine carriage and every
thing splendid around us. If you are
disappointed, so am I."
"But, John, you had no right to ex
pect these things. You did'not prove
yourself worthy of them. Do you know
what I'd like for us to do?"
"Do you care ?"
"I'd like you to crop your hair short.
tan yourself in oak tea, let your beard
grow, and go to my father's as a hired
man. You needn't tell them who you
are, and they won't know you in this
John was getting interested.
"Then, I'd have you go to work as a
tarm band, and make yourself generally
useful. In a little while my father
would learn to like you. There's no use
talking, John. It isn't in you to be
lawyer, anymore than it's in me to be a
.washerwoman. You may become
farmer if you're willing to work. Then
when you've become a factotum about
the farm, and father thinks be can1
live without you, I'll come and claim
John laughed immoderately.
Edua was angry.
"I've read such things in novels," sh
pouted, "and I supposed I was marry
ing a hero instead of a fool !"
It was' Aunt Judy who spoke in tones
"How would you like it if John
should talk to you like that?"
"I shouldn't care!" was the ungra
John left the house, slamming th
door as he went, and muttering inaudi
"I don't doubt that you, in John'.
place, could carry out some such idea as
you have laid before him. You are he
roic and foolish and energetic and ro
mantic enough-for anything. But you
and John are two persons, despite the
fiction that a law has professed to make
you one. Aud you can no more sue-
cessfully lay plans for John to carry out
than he can so lay them for you. Book
life is one thing and real life another, as
books co. So lay aside your romantic
notions, and let us be seusible. Sup-
nose vou emigrate to a new country,
like California, or Oregon, or Nevada,
and begin your life out there ?"
"You might as well say, 'Suppose you
engage cabin passage to Jupiter,1 auntie,
The very idea is absurd. We have no
money, no outfit, and John has no en-
Edna, I will not allow you to dis
parage your husbaud under my roof!
bu have no right to speak ill of him !
A lady would not do it 1'
Edna would have retorted, but she
could not afford it. She" had nowhere
else 4o go, and .could not risk being
urned out of doors, so she hung her
head and burst into tears.
I am going away for a few days,"
continued Auut Judy, "and I want you to the chairman of our Congressional
to promise me that you will not be un- Committee at Washington, Sarah Au
reasonablo with John. He is not over drews Spencer.
strong iu the upper story, but he means In those States where there are no
to be good, as far as he knows, and you
must encourage him."
"How can I, auntie, when I am so
tterly discouraged myself?"
"That's for you to learn, my child.
Now keep a brave heart. When I re
turnnow mind, you're not to whisper
this to John a way will open for you
to go to California."
"O, auntie ! Do you think so ?"
"I kuow it, child. And now, remem
ber! You must be considerate with
John. He's just as much at sea as you
are. A little adversity will do you both
Kood. You mustn't reproach him. No
mau will bear reproaches from his wife.
You must make the best of your bar
gain. That will insure harmony, with
out which you had better be dead."
If wishing would kill me, I'd be dead
this minute !" said Edua, Impetuously.
"Which is very foolish aud very, very
wicked," said Aunt Judy, sadly. "You
have a long life before you, and you
have the talent and power to make it a
ery useful one. To want to die because
you find yourself unprepared to live, is
thought wholly unworthy a sensible
To bo continued.
Women in Literature.
We must not commit the mistake of
looking only forward for progress; let
us turn backward a glauce over the
broad field of literature and note the ad
vancement of women in the world of
letters during but a third of a century,
and we cannot fail to observe the most
astonishing evidences of its sure ad
vancement. We will bring to our aid
n this retrospection the observations of
Mrs.Uuffey, a lady of Vineland, N. J,
who edified the Woman's Congress by
an interesting treatise upon the subject.
She says :
We do not know that the thing is do
ng, until we are enabled to look back,
aud perceive that it is done. The process
lias been evolution, instead or revolu
tion. So it has been with women's in
duction, into literature. Through all
the ages, exceptional women have been
poets, historians, aud novelists. But if
we look back only for thirty years, we
will realize that it is only in our own
generation that women have obtained a
recognized and a thorouirhiy respected
position in literature. ' The term of blue
stocking, applied to all women who
used the pen, did not lose its sting until
a very recent period. And it was more
tbau Mnteu that such women not only
had ink-blacked fingers, uncombed
hair, and slip-shod feet, but that they
must necessarily be neglectful of all
recognized womanjy duties.
Thirty years ago there were two or
three women editors in the world. To
day there are scores of them, while t&
porters and special correspondents ot the
same sex are HKe tne daisies ot the neiu
for multitude. Thirty years ago there
were a few iudilferent novels produced
oy women in .cngiana: scarcely one in
this country. Mrs. itadclule aud Mrs.
Behn may be taken as types of the
women novelists of a still remoter gen
eration. To-day the novelists in Amer
ica aud England can be told off, consid
ering not only numbers, but excellence,
a woman for a man, a man for a woman,
through the whole list; while George
Eliot, a man in name and a woman in
nature, stauds supremo over tbem all.
The field of literature is conquered for
women. There are no longer bars orob
structions of any sort in the way. A
woman who has anything to say, is
privileeed to say it; aud if it is worth
hearing, the world will lend an atten
Remedy for SMALL-rox. A noted
Engljsh physician says :
I am willing to risk my reputation as
a public man if tho worst case or small -
pox cannot be effectually cured iu three
days, simply by cream of tartar. This
is the sure and never-failing remedy :
One ounce of cream of tartar dissolved in
a pint of boiling water, to be drank
when cold, at short intervals. It can be
taken at any time, and is a preventive
as well as curative. It is known to
have have cured in a thousand cases
without a failure. I have myself re
stored hundreds by this means. It
never leaves a mark, never causes blind
ness, and always prevents tedious lin
gering. If the people would only try it
and report all tne cure3 to you, you
would require to employ many columns
it .you gave them publicity,
There were 65,000 gallons of petro
leum imported into British Columbia
and entered for home consumption in
18i4 and 187o, on which was paid In du
A piece of New York up-town prop.
erty, valued at saKt.OOO three years
ago, soia lor 550,UOu cash tbe other day.
I TU JT. TTT , C j T. rr T rt.-j
iruinvnvj umieu niuiesi
The National Suffrage Association has
just Issued a petition to Congress asking
Q. amendment to the United States
Constitution, that shall prohibit the
several States from disfranchising any
of their citizens on account of sex. This
petition will be sent throughout the
country for the signatures of those men
and women who believe in the citizen's
nght to vole. In order to keep the dif-
ferent States separate, and to know how
large a petition each one rolls up, it is
desirable to have some central commit
tee iu each State take the matter iu
charge, and see that it is done with all
possible expedition. This committee
f should print and send out petitions to
reliable persons iu every county, urging
on them thoroughness aud haste, and,
when the petitions are returned, paste
them together, roll up neatly, mark the
number of signatures an the outside
with the name of the State, and forward
suffrage organizations, individuals
should take the responsibility of seeing
their States thoroughly canvassed. We
desire to present this petition to Con
gress at the opening of the new year, at
which time we shall hold our eighth
annual convention in Washington, and
help our representatives to dedicate
their first acts of legislation in the sec
ond century to secure justice to woman.
Having, petitioned our law-makers,
State and national, for nearly thirty
years, many, from weariness and de
spair, have vowed to sign no more; for
our petitions, say they, by the ten
thousands, are piled up in the na
tional archives to-day, uumentioned
and ignored. But is it uot possi
ble to roll up such numbers, carried
into Congress on the shoulders of stal
wart men, that they cannot be neglected
and forgotten by statesmen and poli
ticians, who are conquered, alike, by
The women of this country have
never yet made such a united effort,
such a thorough cauvass of every State
for their own rights as they did for the
Southern slaves, when the Thirteenth
Amendment was pending. Then a pe
tition of over 300,000 was rolled up by
the leaders of the Woman Suffrage
movement and presented iu the Senate
by the Hon. Charles Sumner. Promt
uent Republicans who welcomed and
praised our untiring eflorts to secure the
black man's freedom, condemned us
when we made the same demands for
ourselves. Aud yet is not liberty as
sweet to us as to him? Are not the le
gal disabilities of sex as grievous as.
those of race and color? Is not a civil
rights bill, that shall open the college
doors, the trades, and professions, and
secure to woman her personal aud prop
erty rights, as necessary for her protec
tion as for the colored man ?
The highest judicial authorities have
decided that the spirit and letter of our
national Constitution is not yet broad
enough to protect 20,000,000 women,
United States citizens, in their inalien
able rights. For protection, they refer
woman to the States. If our Magna
Chartaai human rights can be thus nar
rowed by judicial interpretation in fa
vor of class legislation, then must we
demand an amendment, that in clear,
unmistakable language shall declare
the equality of woman before the law,
endowed with all the rights, privileges,
and immunities that belong to citizens
of a republic.
We claim that women are citizens,
first, of the United States, and second,
of the State wherein they reside; hence,
if robbed by mate authorities ot any
right founded in nature or secured by
law, they have the same right to n&-
tional protection against the States as
against foreign powers. It is the duty
of Congress, therefore, to secure to every
State a Republican form of government,
and to every citizen the right to life,
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
This cannot be said to exist In States
where women, thoroughly qualified, are
denied admission into colleges which
their property is taxed to build and en
dow, where they are denied the right to
practice law, thus debarred from tbe
most lucrative professions, where they
are denied a voice in the government,
and thus, while suffering all the ills
I that grow out of the giant evils of in
I temperance, prostitution, war, heavy
taxes, political corruption, stand help-
1 less to effect any reform. Prayers, tears,
psalm-singing, sympathy, and expostu
lationare light in the balance with that
power at the ballot-box that coins con
viction into law.
Constituting, as we do, one-half the
people of this Republic, and equally re
sponsible with man for the education
religion, and government of the rising
generation, let us, with united voice, in
the dawn of this second century of our
uatlonal life, send forth a protest
against the present political status of
woman, that shall echo and re-echo
through the land. In view of the num
bers aud character of those making the
demand, this should bo the largest jeti
tion ever carried into a legislative ns
sembly, in the old world and the new,
in magnitude the crowning act in our
struggle for woman's enfranchisement,
This is the primal step in every reform
for all the evils of society center in
woman's degradation and demoraliza
tion, and until her equality is recog
nized, the spiritual, the asthetic, the
moral elements in humanity will be for
ever subjugated to brute' force. All at
tempts at reform are fragmentary and
hopeless, until woman, in freedom and
independence, understands the true sci
ence of life. As political equality is the
door to civil, religious, and social lib
erty, here must our work begin.
You who are laboriug for social pu
rity, temperance, pertce, the rights of la
bor, if you would take the speediest
way to accomplish what you propose,
demand the ballot in your own hand
a voice in the government. Thus may
you frame, interpret, aud execute laws
and constitutions, prescribe creeds and
codes, the morals of the college, the
market and the court, and by exalting
the conditions aud renovating the at
mosphere in the outside wofld, protect
and purify the home.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton,
Susan B. Anthony, President,
Matilda Joslyn Gage,
Chairman Executive Committee.
Mr. Saxtonbury has money in the
savings bank, aud tho wife generally
has charge of the bank-book. She hap
pened to open it the other day, and was
suprised to find that he had got hold of
the book and drawn 50 only the day
before without having said anything to
her. When he came home to supper she
asked him if he couldn't spare ten dol
lars. "Can't spare a shilling," he replied,
"never so hard up in my life."
"What has become of tbe fifty dollars
you drew from the bank the other
day!" she demanded, trying to catch
"That money fifty dollars ahem.
That money I bet on Indiana," he hesi
"Aud ydu lost it?"
"No my dear, I won a hundred dol
lars with it. I didn't want you to
know anything about it until I brought
home the seal skin jacket, but as you
have found out, why, I must explain."
"When do you get the money ?" she
"Oh, it woa't be long. Tbe official
count has been made, and as soon as the
returns are sent to the Secretary of
the State he will forward the official
majority to Washington, and the Secre
tary of the Navy will telegraph me the
result. Do you prefer brown or black
"I'll take brown, my dear," she smil
ingly answered, "and I do hope the re
turns win be uere oy Saturday."
Days will pass, weeks will glide
away, aud along next May, after that
good womau is almost worn out with
anxiety, Mr. Saxtonbury will suddenly
ascertained that he lost his fifty dol
lars instead ot winning a hundred, and
promise to get her a silk dress iu the
Tie Pioneer Printer and Press.
When aX Salem last month we had
the 'pleasure of seeing the pioneer print
ng press which was brought to Oregon
years ago, trotn the baudwich islands,
taKeu to ijapwai, aud atterwards re
turned lo Washington county. It has
been donated to the Oregon State Li
brary, and will fill a uiche iu the hand
some. and stately Capitol building at
Salem. Referring to tbe pioneer
printer, closely associated with this old
press, Mr. M. G. .fcoisey, a resideut of
Marion county, the Mercury says :
Mr. l'oisey came to the Willamette
Valley, we believe iu 1844. He is
practical printer and set up and printed
n phamphlet iorm the Book of Mat
thew, as translated into the Nez Perce
language by Kevs. bpauldiug and Whit
man. This work was printed on the old
missionary press, now in the State Li
brary in Salem, a primitive affair when
compared to the printing presses ot
day. He afterward weut to California,
where he published a paper in the Kuii
Iish and Spanish languages, during the
war witii Mexico, called The Vulitorn-
ian. This paper was published at
Monterey, aud was the first attempt
to publish a newspaper in the English
language in uaiitoruia. it was alter
ward merged into tbe Alia California,
it we were not mistaken -Mr. aud Mrs
W. H. Gray, at present residing on the
farm of their sou-in-law in this county
(Mr. Jacob Kamm), were employed in
translating scriptures aud other works
printed upon the press at JL,apwai. As-
A Common Exception. As an in
stance of what a woman of energy may
aocomplish by self-dependence, we cite
the following :
A cetam woman, Mrs. M., was
cruelly deceived iu the character of the
man she had married, aud left him,
after the birth of a son. Her father
wanted to take her home, but she pre-
terred to raakea home tor herself. .Leav
ing the child with her sisters, she went
out dress-making, and as soon aa she
had earned a little money, got to
gether some articles of clothing for
women, and opened a store. She was
soon able to take her child home, and
employ women to work for her. Her
sou received a good busiuess education
and continued to live in his mother'
borne after his in a r rage. A niece, also,
was taken into her family, and edu
cated at her expense. On day Mrs. M.
was called to the death-bed of a woman
who begged her to take her little
daughter, and bring her upas her own
She could not refuse her prayers, and
took the little girl home, who now lives
a happy mother herself, to bless and
revere tne memory or ner oeneiactor.
Grandchildren also were brought under
the same watchful care, after the death
of their mother. Mrs. M. was a woman
of good sense, force of character, andun
usual Dusiness capacity, it such re
sults are possible, witbont previous
training, wnat may we not expect from
women wno have greater advantages
Margaret culler never wrote truer
word than these: "Man is not willingly
ungenerous, .tie wants iaitn and love,
because he is not yet himself an ele
vated being. He cries with sneering
skepticism, -uive us a sign !' But If the
sign appears, his eyes glisten and he of-
lera not merely approval, but homage.
Correspondents writing over assumed slgna.
tures must make known their names to the
Editor, or no attention will be given to tholr
An Opium-Eater Eeformed.
It'is a matter for rejoicing when one
has been found so strong as to overcome
tbe influence of a habit which was de
stroying bis moral and physicial life
slowly, but surely. Of all habits which
one may contract, none is so severe and
imperious in its exactions upon tbe
strength and time of the victim as the
use of opium, aud extrication from its
toils seems next to the miraculous.
Some persons have been known to re-
cover their manhood after years of sub
jection to the opium tyrant, but their
number is so painfully small, when acase
of "recovery" is reported we think that
the good have reason to feel deep grati
fication. If the results of Messrs.
Moody and Sankey's public meetings
iuclude tbe reform of a few men and
women heretofore bound by habits of
intemperance, or of drug-eating, and the
following case indicates some efficiency
iu this way, we put in a most cordial
vote for the continuance or such redeem
ing work. The utility of it is beyond
question. The Church Union is author
ity lor what is nereaiter related.
"Mr. Peter Banta, a ship-joiner, fifty
one years of ace, HvIntratNo. 100 Ninth
street, Brooklyn, E.D., received a com
pound fracture of the left leg July 3d,
1860. The leg Is an Inch and quarter
short. The day of the injury, he took
one ounce of Munn's elixir of opium to
stop the Intense pain. He gradually in
creased the dose until hetook threeoun-
ces a day. Alter tne leg was well he
continued it for about three years and a
nan, wnen no commenced taking sul
phate of morphine, twenty-six grains a
day, one huudred and eighty grains a
week, or six hundred grains a month.
Has taken twenty grains at a dose, and
frequently thirty grains a day. Eight
years ago he attempted to reform, and
topped its use, which made him so de
lirious that his physicians and friends
feared he would die if he continued to
do without it. He theu renewed the
habit, with occasioual seasonsof partial
reformation, which were unformly fol
lowed by great distress, delirium, and
such daugerous indications thathe soon
relapsed into his old habit. Wnen the
special religious services were held at
the Hippodrome last March, he at
tended, and went into the inquiry
room, were he was urged to discontinue
the habit aud become a Christian; was
made the subject of prayer, and great
solicitude was manifested iu his behalf
by Mr. Moody aud others. On the 13th
of March he took tbe last dose, aud was
taken to a place in New York City,
away from his family, where he could
be properly cared lor, and seen ny those
who had become so deeply interested in
bis welfare. From Monday, the 13th,
till Wednesday, he was comfortable;
tbe following three days he was deliri
ous, more or less, aud felt faint at times,
theu chilly, and had other symptoms in-
heating nervous prostratiou. Alter
that he improved, and weut home iu
three weeks. Since then he has gained
iu flesh aud strength, aud has improved
n every respect. During sixteen years
he has spent S2,S00 for opium. He has
now lived without it nearly six months,
and has no desire to take it again, aud
wishes ltto be known that he believes
he has been saved through the agency of
A Matrimonial Chance.
I kuow that Centennial things are all
the fashion everywhere, but I think
San Francisco can beat all the world in
this extreme, when one of our local pa
pers publishes an article from "Young
America" desiring a wife who can do
her own house-work, washing, irouing,
mending, and dress-making as our
Now I wonder if this Rip Van Winkle
is willing to do as our grandfathers did;
be content to see his wife dressed in pet
ticoat aud sack, and eat fried pork and
boiled potatoes for dinner, aud bread
aud milk fdr supper, day after day, and
to wear starched bosoms only on Sun
days, and to sleep under colored spreads,
and have calico curtaius at the windows
and to bring the water and build the
tires as our forefathers did : There is
something very pleasant in the memory
of the old times and the dear grand
fathers and grandmothers, but women
have taken a giant stride since those
days; but the fossil mau who desires the
old type for a wife must not call himself
"Young America." Young American
men must compete with the present
type of American women, and they are
uot content with merely physical exer
cise iu the. kitchen, they are educated to
a higher place, and if the young man of
tbe period cannot oner tuem a niguer
place, they will surely make for them
selves a position.
This young man goes on to say mat
his income is $125 per month, with
nothing laid by. We would like to ask
if a man is uot able to lay by anything
from his salary living alone, how is he
to live on the same salary and support a
wife and perhaps children, or is be one
of these modern men who expects his
wife to earn her part or the expenses by
taking in sewing?
I have taken this young man's adver
tisement as a text for a few thoughts;
but he is the common type of our pres
ent youngmeu, who whine about the ex
pense ot marriage. A mau who expects
so much from the wife ought to be will
ing to cobble his own shoes or evenings,
and to do his own tailoring, and forego
expensive cigars and clubs, and be a
veritable graudiatuer uimseu, ii ue
wishes a genuine grandmother for a
It is manifest that tbe inauguration
of a political campaign in behalf of
Woman Suffrage has given a new force
to that agitation. Meetings are held
nightly, at which the veterans of that
cause present its claims with their ac
customed earnestness and ability, and
It cannot be doubted that tbe principle
of univesal suffrage is gaining new ad
herents. The discussions may not al
ways be wisely conducted, and we
think it a mistake both of principle and
policy to advocate the ballot for woman
on the ground of taxation, for taxation
cannot be shown to be the basis of suf
frage, and repugnance to a property
qualification is a very strong sentiment
in this State; but a good cause always
wins its way, even if it be not logically
argued,'and this cause must gain despite
the mistakes of some of its friends. No
matter what the vote for Baker may be,
Woman Suffrage is advancing toward
certain triumph. New Age.
Natural born wood-choppers -Chip-way
school eloquence college oar