The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887, February 11, 1876, Page 2, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

    FRIDAY FEBRUARY 11, 1876.
Agents will please take notice that It Is a
great tax upon us to pay express charges upon
small sums, and they will confer a great favor
bv remitting to us through money orders or
registered letters.
Searchers after truth look for a cause
corresponding to every effect; and"
whether the'cause be near or remote, if
there be no counteracting force, the ef
fect will ever remain the same. This is
alike true in human and physical nature.
Customs originating in ignorance and
barbarism must remain the same until
civilization and enlightenment remove
the cause and modify the effect. "When a advanced that threatens to
uproot some ancient tree of error, whose
branches have overshadowed the world
for centuries, it is regarded with dis
trust; it Is usually first ignored, then
ridiculed, then discussed, and finally
adopted. This is a fact easily proven by
every inventor and reformer, and the
heavier the blows struck at the estab
lished usage or opinion, the more deter
mined the resistance of the opponents of
, truth.
This being the fact, it is not at all sur
prising that when the theory was first
advanced that women had intellect that
could and should be trained and devel
oped for the use of the world, the idea
was looked upon as too stupendous an
usurpation of masculine prerogatives to
admit of a moment's consideration by
mighty masculine and untutored femi
nine minds. Woman's situation seemed
so much a part of the ages, and bad be
come so firmly established in the minds
of the people, that it was looked upon as
one of her attributes which it was sac
rilege to question and an impossibility
to overthrow.
Time flew on; slow-footed progress
pursued its painful and oft-obstructed
march, and finally, when one day it
was suggested that woman's situation
might he improved, an awe-stricken
world opened its eyes, raised it hands,
and gasped : "Who ever beard of such
a thing? Her grandmother lived and
died in a subordinate position; so also
can she." The theory so standing has,
however, passed safely over the initia
tory steps which precede all reforms; it
has been ignored and ridiculed and tri
umphantly came off conqueror. It has
been long discussed and will in due time
be adopted.
"We find the following in the dis
patches relative to the accident on the
5th Inst., at the Robinson's Opera House,
A. child was pushed down the steps, and
screamed, and Immediately after a man thrust
bis arra through a window, and the scream
and crash were enough to set the panic in full
force. Thescenewasaterrlbleone. In the nar
row vestibule leading to the street, people in the
rear, mad with fear, pressed upon those In
front, shouting and cursing; men, terror
stricken, struck down helpless women and
children In front, or climbed over their heads
to the top of the staircase and precipitated
themselves upon the screaming aud bleeding
mass of women and children.
Thus every catastrophe that causes
danger to life brings to the surfuce not
the intuitive element of "masculine
protection" which is the subject of so
much windy rhetoric but the natural
element of serf-protection which exists
in every human being. It cannot be
argued, in the case under consideration,
that the men who, in theirfrantic rush for
life, ruthlessly trampled not only strug
gling women, but terrified and ble'eding
little children under their feet, were of
a class who could not be expected to
take a personal interest in the helpless
ones of the audience, for the dispatch
tells as elsewhere that "the audience
was largely composed of the parents and
relatives ot tne (HXJ children who were
taking part in the performance."
H. N. Marquand, ex-editor of the
Coos Bay Record, is out with a furious
"open letter" to us in that paper's edito
rial columns, in which he denies tbo au
thorship of tbe shameless attacks upon
Mrs. Duniway that appeared while he
was ostensible editor. He says that he
tried very hard to keep the paper clear of
such abominations, and that our terse
rebukes always hit the wrong man
"We cheerfully give our irateiriend the
full benefit of the above statement, and
congratuate him upon having tbe good
sense to withdraw from a newspaper
that, under his. management, was con
trolled by a coward.
His howl at us over his own signature
we willingly, excuse; for never yet did
a youngone smart under the adminis
tration of the birch but he yelled vocif
erously, and, as soon as he fancied him
self out of harm's way, called names
and mode faces as a relief to his feelings.
An infinitesimal and insignificaut
little daily paper, presided over by J. H.
TJpton, formerly of the Lafayette Cou
rier, Imagines it has published a witty
thing and effectually silenced the advo
cates of Woman Suffrage in the follow
ing reference to as able, logical and un
answerable an argument as ever was
made :
The Judiciary Committee of the New York
Assembly was bored with a four hours' har
angue on the 18th ulU, by two .AmazonlanB
Jladams Blake and. Gage, setting forth the
wrongs of their sex, and appealing for suffrage,
"When will the Uptons and Luces and
Marquands in journalism learn to keep
silence upon subjects far beyond .their
comprehension ?
The Oregon State. Woman Suffrage
Association met at Reed's Opera House,
in Salem, on Tuesday, as announced.
Full details of the proceedings will' ap
pear in our next issue. , ,,
Deaf. Readers or the New North west:
The fourth annual meeting of the
Oregon State "Woman Suffrage Associa
tion convenes to-day. Owing to the
sudden and severe illness of our excel
lent President, Mrs. Belle "W. Cooke,
Vice President of the Marlon County
Association, Is to preside. Reed's Opera
House is tastefully decorated with ev
ergreens and mottoes. Conspicuous
above the stage, and occupying the full
length of the curtain, is" the motto, in
large Greek letters, "No Taxation with
out Representation." To the right,
upon the side column, appears "No
more Traffic in Liquors." Just below,
appear the words, "The Justice of our
Cause Inspires us." To the left, and
exactly opposite these mottoes, are oth
ers that face you, bearing tbe words,
Truth alone Is Invincible," and "Equal
Pay for Equal Work." Conspicuous in
other places are the words, "We have
Counted the Cost," "We lift tbe Stand
ard of Right," and "Merit will Receive
its Reward."
Tbe Marion county ladies have been
very active in making preparations, and
a splendid time is apticipated. Salem
is wide awake on the vexed question.
Haven't time to write further particu
lars, as other business must receive at
tention now. A. J. D.
Salem, Febrbary 8, 1876.
Tilat this is an age of progress no one
of ordinary intelligence will dispute.
Remarkable and important discoveries
are constantly being proclaimed in
every department of science. Men and
women are delving deep into the hith
erto obscure depths of nature, and like
tbe toiling miner, are electrifying the
thinking by spreading before their eyes
sparkling grains of golden knowledge.
And though much that these earnest
workers are bringing to the surface and
exhibiting as the genuine may, when
subjected to the crucible of science, prove
but base metal, yet it is to the brave
hearted, industrious few, who have
from time to time in tbe history of the
world been prompted by enthusiasm, if
you please, mat tne woria owes us
present advanced position in civiliza
tion and enlightenment.
The world is made up of Individuals
of different tastes and aspirations, dif
ferent grades of talent and susceptibili
ties; hence it would seem that each in
dividual has a particular part allotted
to him in the world's work, as well as a
certain niche to fill, so to speak, in or
der that the whole machinery shall not
only move without uudue noise or fric
tion, but that it may be comely and
symmetrical. Tbe great question then
to be settled by each of us is, Where is
my post of duty where aud how can I
do most in pushing forward the car of
Progress, and in promoting human hap
piness aud weal? -
To the laborious investigations of
Dufay and Franklin the world is in
debted for our knowledge of electricity;
to Copernicus, to Galileo, and to New
ton for our knowledge of astronomy,
and to Watt, to Fulton, and to Morse
for the practical application of the dis
coveries of those eminent scientists to
useful purposes.
Thus we see that the pioneers paved
the way for others,that where they left
off their labors, others took them up;
nor has the succession been broken to
the present day. And since we may
now run with pleasure where our prede
cessors painfully crept, why should not
the world grow wiser with each suc
ceeding generation ? And, if by utiliz
ing the labors of othets iu tbe study fcf
natural science, thus constantly adding
to the aggregate of knowledge on a
given subject, is it consistent with rea
son to suppose .that we cannot also
make some advancement in ethical
knowledge 7 That is to Bay, bad our
forefathers reached a point in moral
philosophy beyond which we, by profit
ing by their experience and labors, can
not attain ?
True, the world seems slow to profit
by tbe experience of others in these
matters; why is not so plain. Were we
as ready to utilize the wisdom and ex
perienceof our seniors in ethics as we
are in scienunc research, tne woria
would grow wiser and better from gen
eration to generation. But in this
matter we are astonishingly inconsist
ent. The children in our schools smile
at tbe inconsistencies of the Ptolemaic
theory of astronomy, while we pattern
our laws and model our social regula-
Hons by the utterances of a law-giver
of the same country and a previous
But where lies the remedy ? Plainly
in doing in these matters as we do in
the pursuit of other knowledge, subject
every moral precept to tbe test of sci
ence and experience, and if it is found
to be right, and conducive to the wel
fare and happiness of the race, observe
it, enforce it, otherwise repudiate it
"Were wo as willing to take advantage
of tbe exprience of others in everything
as we are of their researches in natural
science, tbe son might take up life
where tbe parent laid it down; but no,
every one, absurd as it may seem, wants
his own experience, bitter as it may be.
Nowhere is this unaccountable incon
sistency more plainly seen than in the
matrimonial lottery. we give our
hand for life to one of whom we know
absolutely nothing, to afterward realize
the fact that our tastes, our sympathies,
and our aspirations are as diverse as
possible not to speak of physical ina
daptabillty and a life of misery and
disappointment is tbe result. Every
kindly impulse of our souls, every en-
uobling quality of mind and heart must
wither and die within us, our part on
the stage of life be unfilled, and Instead
of harmony in tbe machinery of nature,
there is perpetual jarring and discord
When will the world learn wisdom In
this matter?
Portlandf.February Y, 1876,
To the Editor or the New No(WtiW-st: .
Much has been said among us recent
ly about Thomas Paine. The discus
sion has a tendency to make' more of
the mau aud to give him higher celebri
ty than his true title to fame warrants or
deserves. By Palne's special admirers
it seems to be held that to tbe efforts of
their hero mankind is immensely in
debted for political and religious free
dom. This is altogether too large an
estimate of the man. He did nothing
that entitles him to apotheosis. Noth
ing that be accomplished would be
missed, had be never lived. Not that
it can beor need be denied that he pos
sessed considerable talents; on the con
trary, his career shows him. to have
been a man of ready parts, but of turbu
lent and reckless cbaracter, opposed by
the constitution of bis nature to govern
ment and authority, guided by no sin
cere convictions, an enemy to onler and
to law, ready with smart and ribald
phrase to undermine the respect of un
thinking people for political institu
tions aud religious faith, and only in his
element when society was in a ferment
and be could appeal with inflammatory
speech and sophistical arguments to the
passions of men.
A little attention to his history will
ustify fully this estimate of tbe man.
As Americans, we are too apt to exag
gerate tbe value of Paine's writings in
the cause of our Revolution. That
those writings were Immensely popular
for a time is true. They were popular
because in the white beat of revolu
tionary passion they gave expression
to the general determination for inde
pendence, translated the surging emo
tions of tbe people into speech, and sup
plied with turgid rhetoric and phrases
smartly turned the particulars of com
plaint against the mother country, and
the arguments for separation. A pam
phlet cleverly written at such a time
was sure to be uuiversally read. But
this production, famous as it was in its
day, is nowhere regarded as a perma
nent contribution to tbe literature of
politics and statesmanship. It never
bad a place among the masterpieces of
political thought and wisdom. It is of
interest to tbe American historian, but
of little or no interest to mankind at
large, and in fact is now seldcyn men
tioned except when it is thought neces
sary to extol Paine as the author of the
'Age of Reason." On these occasions
it is brought forward with intent to
show that be wbo with skeptic ribaldry
attacked and outraged tbe spiritual
nature of our race has a claim on the
gratitude of the American people for
services "rendered iu their struggle for
political freedom. It is skillfully at
tempted to conciliate the feelings of
Americans toward the "Age of Reason"
by holding up to their admiration the
author of "Common Sense." Yet all
American historians agree that the ef
fect of his writings in behalf of tbe col
onies has been greatly overrated. Bancroft-calls
him a "literary adventurer,"
wno "embodied In words tne vague
longing of the country, mixed up with
some crude notions of his own." After
Paine left America he claimed with im
pudent assurance that be bad set tbe
ball of the successful Revolution iu mo
tiou. John Adams some years later
took the trouble to expose and confute
this absurd pretense. Paine, in fact,
bad not arrived in America till tbe issue
bad been made, and tbo contest virtually
begun. "The fact is," says Duyckiuck
Cyc. Am. Lit. "that Paine, admit
ting his merits to the full, was a hum
ble, though useful servant to tbe cause,
never its master." The following char
acterization by an English writer hits
him off exactly: "His strong coarse
sense and bold dogmatism, conveyed in
an instinctively popular style, made
Paine a dangerous' antagonist always;
but more particularly at a time when
the great masses of the middle and
lower orders of both countries were to
be appealed to." His famous pamphlet,
"Common Sense," of which the outline
was .suggested by a number of literary
men in Philadelphia, who supported
the Revolution, aud to which Rush
gave tbe name it bears, was in part an
argument against monarchy from that
Scripture which Paine treated in his
other writings with dogmatic contempt
While, therefore, it is agreed that his
writings on tbe American war pos
sessed tbe talent of presenting a taking
and striking appeal to popular feelings,
it will also be seen that history, in rat
ing them at their true value, places
their importance to the cause far below
that which Paine's admirers of the
present day undertake to assign to them
Never restrained by integrity or by
scrupulous habits, Paine committed
breach of faith with some of his emi
nent patrons which lost him their favor,
and thereafter but little consideration
was paid him in America. Returning
to Europe after tbe close of tbe Ameri
can War, be found in the French Revo
lution a congenial field for the employ
ment of a mind which constantly re
belled against all established institu
tions, welcomed the overthrow of order
and the subversion of religion, rejected
all authority of experience, and pro
posed with some new nostrums labeled
"The Rights of Man," to re-establish
the whole science of politics aud gov
ernment, and to rebuild tbe entire
structure of society. Edmund Burke.
one of tbe few among tbe very greatest
intellects of all time, bad published his
"Reflections on the Revolution iu
France." The power of this book is ex
traordinary beyond that of any other
production in the entire field of political
literature. It is not too much to say
that in this production he enunciated
profounder principles of political wis
dom than any other man in any age has
ever reached, set forth in a style of elo
quence which no other writer "has been
able to sustain or imitate. Those who
have not studied this book know not
tbe power of tbe human intellect, nor
the extent of the stupendous resources
and achievements of the English, mind
'Great and deserved," says Alison, "as
was-Bjirke.'s.reputatlon in the age in
which be lived, it is not so great as it
has since become; and strongly as sub
sequent times have felt the truth of his
principles, they are destined to rise into
still more general celebrity In tbe future
ages of mankind."
This was tbe man whom Paine under
took to answer. Far greater men than
Paine made a similar attempt, bnt with
no success. Burke was unanswerable.
His astonishing intellect bad carried all
before it. With a foresight that was
prophetic he had predicted tbe horrible
excesses that subsequently occurred in
France and throughout Europe, and
with eloquence unmatcbable in all lit
erature aroused and stimulated that
dauntlessspirit which carried GreatBrit
ain through such a contest as the world
has never seen equaled, aud finally
delivered Europe from tbe aggressions
of the revolution, and saved its liber
ties. It was Edmund Burke who over
threw the empire of Napoleon, and
stopped his career of conquest.
This was the man whom Paine at
tempted to meet. In reply to Burke
Paine published his "Rights of Man."
It Is but a "pigmy's straw" against the
armor of a giant. American readers
may remember that if Paine had de
fended our forefathers against the ag
gressions. of the crown, so had Burke,
and far more effectively. In the
'Rights of Man," written in support
and defense of the bloody and wicked
revolution in France, doctrines are ut
tered which are subversive of all gov
ernment and every institution enti
tled to tbe veneration of men. With
these doctrines American readers can
not sympathize. So abhorrent are they
to us that no. declamation about their
author's services to our revolutionary
eause can commend tbem.
Sir James Mackintosh was one wbo
essayed a "Defense of the French Revo
lution," in reply to Burke. As a states
man, historian, and philosopher Mack
intosh ranks deservedly high. By Rob
ert Hall, a disseuting clergyman of
great talents and literary celebrity, a
reply was also published. These pro
ductions rank so much higher than
Paine's that the latter is scarcely
worthy of mention in connection with
them. Yet Mackintosh and Hall were
together unable to answer Burke, and
the splendid eloquence of Fox, the most
accomplished debater the world ever
saw, was alike of no avail. In such a
contest, of what value was the mere
flippanoy of Paine ?
The quality of this work of Paine's
may be judged by some observations
made upon it by Jeremy Bentham,
quoted by Macaulay in his review of
Mackintosh's History of the English
revolution ot liias. There is no
doubt, says Bentham, that the atroci
ties of the French Revolution were the
natural consequences of the absurd prin
ciples on which it was commenced.
While the chiefs of the Assembly
gloried in the thought that they were
pulling down an aristocracy, they never
saw that their doctrines tended to pro
duce an evil a hundred times more for
midableanarchythat the theory laid
down in the "Rights of Man" had In a
great measure produced the Reigu of
Terror. Burke himself, after sneaking
of Paine's labors in assisting to form
one of the "annual constitutions" of
revolutionary and atheistical France,
said: "We have discovered, it seems,
that all which the boasted wisdom of
our ancestors has labored to brinir to
perfection for six or seven centuries is
nearly or altogether matched In six or
seven days at the leisure hours and in
the sober lutervals of citizen Thomas
It may be not amiss here to recall the
fact that soon after Paine bad completed
his "Age of Reason," he wrote and ad
dressed to Washington a pamphlet
abounding with scurrilous invective, in
which Washiugton's fame and abilities
were depreciated, and himself taxed
with ingratitude to Thomas Paine,
When Paine went to France he declared
bis allegiance to that country, aud be
came a member of the National Assem
bly. Falling into disfavor, he was
thrown into prison. On regaining his
liberty, he made this attack on Wash
ington for neglecting to help him out.
It may be that Washington thought
that Paine, as a champion of the Revo
lution, ought not to complain of the re
sults of his own principles. However
this may have been, Paine, in his pam
phlet, gave the following directions to
the sculptor who should mako a statue
of Washington:
" Take from the mine the coldest, hardest stone
It needs no fashion; it Is Washington;
But if you chisel, let your strokes be rude,
And on his breast engrave ingratitude."
The "Theological Works," so-called
of Thomas Paine were the natural
product of such a mind and cbaracter as
his, when impreguatedand fructified by
contact with the horrible doctrines that
produced tbe mad and impious excesses
of the French Revolution. Paine, de
graded as he became toward tbe close of
bis life through abandonment to drink
and other habits of excess and debauch
eryi regretted the publication of the
"Age of Reason," and wished he were
able to recall it. A book produced by
such a man in that atmosphere of stu
pendous crime which surrounded th
Revolution In France, where the
agency of God as moral governor of the
universe was presumptuously and derls
ively denied,, where religious worship
was suppressed, where impious and the
atric rites were instituted in honor of
their vitiated and perverted reason, aud
where tbe maxims of this impiety were
delivered to tbe children and youth in
the schools as tbe sublimation of wis
dom such a book, so produced) certain
ly has small claims upon the moral
sense of the world, and quite as certain
ly has it failed to establish tbem. For
it is a fact that among the more cult!
vated class even of free-thinkers this
work of Paine's 4s looked upon as
product of a coarse and ignorant mind
He had neither learning, thought, nor
feeling for a study of this kind. Says
Duyckinck, who hasalready been quoted:
The 'Age of Reason' is justly treated
with contempt, but it points a most sig
nificant moral of tbe worthlessness of
the shallow powers of the understanding
divorced from the control of the higher
faculties of the soul." Man possesses a
religious nature. This nature will as
sert itself. It cannot be extinguished.
He who ignores this element in our
common nature and endeavors to sup
press or crucify it is no philosopher,
whatever be his pretensions; nor is he
anything else than a vain egotist, ab
sorbed in his foolish self-sufficiency and
presumption. Man will always be re
ligious, because he cannot violate his
nature. By neither argument nor sneer
can he be driven from the conviction
that there is a superior power with
whom the moral government of the
universe rests; and be will ever feel that
he can fulfill tbe higher ends of bis be
ing only by allowing this side of his
nature due culture and development.
Religion is a presence that man,
whether civilized or savage, has never
yet been free from, or if temporarily
free from it, and madly rejoicing in his
freedom, he has been glad to return to
it, to satisfy the immortal hunger of
his soul.
Portland, February 8, 187G.
Mrs. B. E. H., Roseburg: Remittance
received. Credit to Vol. 6, No. 1.
J. M. B., Oregou City: Remittance
received, aud receipt sent last week.
Thanks for promptness.
Mrs. A. A. S., Silverton: Paper will
be continued as desired. Hope to hear
from you when convenient.
A. F. W., Salem: Stamps received
Accept thanks for compliment given
and interest displayed in the New
Mrs. J. B. C, The Dalles: Your kind
note containing remittance is at hand
We have unbounded faith in tbe belief
that the golden success which you wish
will eventually crown the efforts of the
friends of equal rights.
Mrs. A. M. Wood, eldest daughter of
Zachary Taylor, died on the 2d of De
cember at Friedburg, Germany, aged
sixty-five. She was the widow of Gen
eral B. C. Wood, United States Army,
and mother of Captain John T. Wood,
ono of tbo most distinguished officers of
the Confederate navy. Her death
leaves but two surviving children of
President Taylor, Mrs. Dandridge, for
merly Mrs. Bliss, who lives at Win
chester, Virginia, and General Richard
Taylor, of Louisiana, a Lieutenant
General in the Confederate army.
Brother Dement, of the -Enterprise,
shall speak for himself this time, and if
any one can. see pith, point, wit, wis
dom, or purpose in his remark, we shall
be glad. Persevering effort, however
futile, is praiseworthy:
"When we consider the harsh treatment of
the press, the utter hopelessness of the wom
an's movement and the unnecessary extrava
gance into which Mrs. Duniway plunged wtien
Bhe copyrighted her alliterative tale, we fee
constrained to commend the spirit of economy
which prompted her to ray that we cannot get
off anything at her expense.
Subscribers who receive bills in their
papers will please give their attention
at once. Bills returned with the
amount called for will be receipted and
returned in the next paper sent. Re
member this, friends, and save your
selves and us further trouble concerning
a matter so easily arranged. Remit by
money order, draft, or registered letter,
Never by express, unless tbo amount
exceeds one subscription.
The Courier announces that Mrs. H,
A. Lougbary will address the citizens of
Lafayette on Tuesday evening, the 15th
inst. Mrs. Loughary is a lady who Is
possessed of much practical wisdom, and
will, without doubt, interest those wbo
gather together to hearken to her
words. A cordial invitation is extended
to all, and we trust that all who can
possibly do so will attend.
Lady Louisa Stuart, the last descend
ant of the royal family of Scotland, died
recently in her one hundredth year.
She was tbe daughter of tbe seventh
earl, and upon the death in 1861 of her
brother Charles, the ancient title of tbe
line became extinct.
Dr. Leonard Bacon has written a let
ter hoping that no church or minister
invited to the Plymouth Church ad
visory council will bo detained by any
disgust with the business, still less by
prejudice against tbe inviting church or
its pastor.
The Yamhill County Woman Suffrage
Association meets at North Yamhill on
Wednesday morning, thelGth inst. Its
officers and friends are making active
preparations for the session.
Mrs. Van Cott lias transferred her la
bors as an evangelist to Newark, New
Jersey, where the Clinton-street M. E.
Church was filled at her first meeting,
Hang Jesse Pomeroy, and lie will, as
we suppose, be out or the way. iiut win
tbe spirit that breeds monsters perish
with him? Will children be safe be
cause this one boy has been strangled
The supposition is idle. The very act
Itself is tbe perpetuation or slaughter,
The spirit these mothers, who are so
ardently working to compass Pomeroy'
aeatn, manliest, is oniy removeu as
second or third cousin from tbe spirit
tbey would slay. Now, the practical
fact to be regarded is, tbe evil spirit
cannot be slain. It must die a natural
death; it must be outgrown. What is
this evil spirit? It is the spirit of vio
lence; the spirit that victimizes; tbe
spirit that slays. I pluck out your eye
you shall pluck out mine. What is
trained? Therebv two eves are lost.
The snirit of eve-olucking has increased
a hundred-fold. S. JET. Morse in the New
J. H. Mowry, a member of the Kan
sas Legislature from Donlphon couuty,
has fled to escape arrest for tbe crime of
forgery, in connection with the issue of
S3, 000 school bonds in Camauche county
two years ago. The Governor has of
fered $200 for his capture.
During a performance of the allegory
of the "Great Republic" at Robinson's
Opera House, Cincinnati, on Saturday
afternoon, an alarm of fire was care
lessly raised by persons in tbe gallery.
Tbe house was densely packed, nearly
600 children taking part in the allegory,
and tbe audieuce being mainly com
posed of their parents aud relations. A
frightful panic ensued, which resulted
in the crushing to death of a number of
women and children.
The report of tbe official Investigation
in tbe case of the "Deutschland" says
that the wreck was owing to an error of
reckoning and the captain's disregard of
the force and direction of the tide.
There was bad discipline aboard the
steamer, and in the conduct of the offi
cers. Boatmen at Harwick and else
where are completely exonerated. The
report recommends that telegraphic
communication be established between
the light-ships and tbe shore.
Edward S. Stokes, convicted of kill
ing James Fisk, Jr., appeared, before
Justice Dyckman, on the 5th Inst., on a
writ of habeas corpus, and his counsel
moved for his release from Sing Singon
the ground thatbehad been imprisoned
ten months before receiving his final
sentence. Judge Dyckman reviewed
the case, denied tbe motion, and re
manded Stokes to Sing Sing to serve
out the remainder of the sentence. A
bill of exceptions will be presented at
tbe general term of tbe Supreme Court.
Stokes was very nervous.
From tbe Salem Statesman
In Memory of Mrs. A. 0. Schwatka.
As I stood yesterday by the open
grave of Mrs. Annie U. bcliwatKa, form
erly Miss Annie Gaines, the circum
stances conuected with my first ac
quaintance with ber at Fort Klamath,
in isoa, recurreu viviuiy to my mina.
Major W. V. Rinehart was then in
com maud of Fort Klamath, and Miss
Gaiues, being a sister to Mrs. Rine
hart, constituted one of the Major's fam
ily, in that then wild land she was a
great favorite, having commended her
self to every one by her intelligence
and vivacity, and by ber kind and gen
erous spirit. She had a very high ap
preciation of the beautiful in nature,
and was consequently an enthusiastic
admirer or iviamatn lanuscapes. Hue
was au expert on horseback, and was
seen almost daily ridibgover the grassy
plains and among the evergreen groves
of Klamath laud, and no obstacle
seemed too great for her to overcome
when seeking to indulge her passion for
During the summer of 1865, she was
one of a party which visited our greatest
mountain wonder, Crater JaKe, and
climbed down a thousand feet of almost
vertical wall to tbe lake shore, being
one of the first ladies who ever accom
plished this arduous undertaking. One
of the tributaries of Upper Klamath
Lake, rising within a half-mile of the
summit of the rim of Crater Lake,
flows gently, for a few miles, across
grassy glades and among green trees,
and then plunges into a tiarrow canon
with almost vertical walls of columuar
basalt. Standing upon the brink of tbe
yawning cbasm, and looking down at
the frothing cascades and the beautiful
stream, seeming like a silver thread,
rive hundred feet below, with the
mighty pillars on either side covered
with the rust of ages, the scene is one of
peculiar grandeur; and yet, a descent
among these lofty columns amid the
hemlock trees which grow in the lis
sures of the rock, to the rippling cas
cades and pools of clear, cold water be
low, and wondrous worn ot tne Master
Architect, will ever bear the name of
"Annie's Creek," in remembrance of
tbe adventurous explorer.
Among the pleasant reminiscences of
-the long ago, I also recall a local excur
sion on Klamath .Lake with .Major
Rinehart and some others, in which
Miss Gaines was, as usual, tbe most en
thusiastic and adventurous of our party.
While on tbe lake we spent some time
drifting among the green islands, to one
or.whlch, lying away out in the center
of the lake, covered with gigantic caue-
grass and bordered with green willows
we crave her name.
After a year or so spent at Fort Klam
ath, Annie came with Major Rinehart's
family to Salem, where she entered the
Academy of the Sacred Heart, and re
mained there until she completed her
education, after which she became tbe
wife of our friend, Mr. A. C Hchwatka
and the mother of two children, the
youngest of which is only a few days
old. Her borne was always one of the
most pleasant in Salem, and ever gave
proof of her love of the true and tbe
beautuui in its adornmeuts.
But Annie has cone from among us,
Tbe bright and pleasant friend, the en
thusiastic lover of art and nature, the
gentle wife and loving mother, sleeps
the Bleep that knows no waking this
side of the pearly gates ot a better land,
J. U. A,
Salem, February 7, 1876.
Women of Utah.
A remarkable memorial has been sent
to Congress, signed by 22,626 women of
Utab, (.who say that not one or their sig
natures nas been ootainea eitner uy en
ticement or coercion, and that none
under twelve years of age have been
permitted to sign), praying that the
Anti-Polygamy law of 1862 may be re
pealed, and also "the bill known as the
.Poland bill, both being special and un
constitutional measures directed against
tbe people of Utab, holding the peace
aud happiness of our lives in constant
jeopardy, by imperiling the safety of
our husoanas ana tamers, by dally and
hourly subjecting them to danger of ar
rest and imprisonment, which would
deprive us not only of their society, but
also of their support and protection
The petition continues :
"We, your memorialists, do humbly
pray that no bill or act shall nave tue
sanction of your honorable body, that
shall in auy way cenflidt or interfere
with thH believe in. or practice of, plural
marriage as It is practiced by many of
the citizens of Uteb, and which most of
vnur netitioners have adopted as a por
tion of their religious faith in all sincer-
Itv. believing It, to be a necessity, not
only In remedying evils and producing
good in our present existence, out mat
without it man cannot hereafter attain
to fullness of exaltation."
An institution that so degrades w'ora
en as to make them insensible of tbel
degradation and leads them to glory iu
their shame, must oe unnt to exist in
civilized country. Observer.
0. jLO.
fThls department Is nnderthe supervision of
me uranu ixecuuvc vuiumifcn;u vj. iu
the editorial control of Mrs. C. A. Cobnrn.
Grasd Secretary's Office, Champions'!
Red Cross, olympia, w.r.,tsu.j, itao. j
To the Editor of tue New Northwest:
Since my communication which ap
peared in the last Star of the West, I
have received letters from various mem
bers throughout tbe jurisdiction relative
to the state of the Order, from which I
am happy to find that progress Is being
surely and steadily advanced through
the teachings of our noble Order, and
our institution is rapidly making a
name for itself which bids fair to be
honored and respected throughout tbe
length and breadth of the land.
Companlou D. A. Whitney, of Har
mony Encampment, writes me as fol
lows: "My watchword ever since I en
tered the gates of our Encampment has t
been onward and upward, and my
watchfire has never been queuched. As
to the future prosperity of the Order, I
think before tbe next session of the
Grand Encampment for this jurisdic
tion, that tbe numbers will be greatly
increased, not only in tbe membership,
but also iu tbe numberof Encampments
organized; and thus the old members
will be encouraged to put forth renewed
efforts and press on until the victory is
won, and our last enemies, drunkenness
and immorality, are finally destroyed."
I also received a communication from
Companion Messimer, D. G. C. of One
onta Encampment, from which I find
that business still keeps him engaged at
various ports on the Sound. I have no
doubt that Companion M. will "talk
up" Championship wherever he may
be, and will make a good report on his
return, which will probably be in about
ten days.
A lady member of Harmony Encamp
ment writes me: "Our Encampment,
though not so prosperous as We could
wish, still lives and works, and the
faithful few who have stood by it
through the various vicissitudes of Its
past career, have not in their vqcabulary
the word fail." Such language a this,
especially when coming from a lady,
should inspire us with redoubled zeal,
and urge us forward in so glorious a
cause; for that the day will come when
our efforts shall be crowned with suc
cess, (and the day may not be so far dis
tant, either), is just as sure as this is the
Centennial year of our beloved country.
I find that a question has arisen in
some of tbe Encampments as to their
liability for the capita tax on members
wbo are not in good standing; that Is,
members who are not square on the
books of the Financial Secretary, or
who are liable to suspension according
to tbe rules of the Order. I need only
to refer to Section 5 of the directions for
making up the report, which reads as
follows: "AU members not suspended or
dropped from tho roll are contributing
members," from which I draw the con
clusion that irestr urs-who are liable to
suspension for non-payment of dues
should be suspended accordingly, and
then the Encampment could not be
held responsible for those who were not
actually on the roll at the end of tbe
term. If I am wrong in my opinion on
this subject, I shall feel glad to be set
right; but if, on the other hand, I am
correct in my conclusions, the Grand
Encampment has suffered financially
since its organization, through Subordi
nate Encampments not being held re
sponsible for the numberof contributing
members on their rolls. Before leaving
this subject, I might remark that when
Encampments are compelled to suspend,
or surrender their charters, in four cases '
out of five, the reason for such suspen
sion is attributable to non-payment of
dues, and I think, from experience, that
this can always oe avoiuea uy a nine
care and discretion on the part of Fi
nancial Secretaries.
On examining the report of tbe pro
ceedings of the Grand Encampment of
California, I find that a resolution wan
adopted by that body recommending
tbe Supreme Council to take measures
for the establishment of our Order at
tho Centennial celebration this year.
As r presume this refers to the coming
celebration In Philadelphia, I think the
Idea a good one; and, if acted on, 1 leel
sure it would have a happy effect in
in spreading our principles to the ends
of the earth.
Feeling that I have trespassed already
too much on your valuable space, I re
main in C. C H., P.P.,
W. H. Rouebts, Grand Secretary.
Olympia W. T., February 3, 1876.
To the Editor of tue New Northwest:
On Tuesday evening, the 1st inst., a
capital entertainment took place in this
city, under the auspices of Washington
Encampment, No. 3, C, R. C, which
is, I think, entitled to more than a
mere passing notice.
The hour designated for the entertain
ment was 8 o'clock, but as two candi
dates presented themselves forinltiation
the same evening, it was found impos
sible to get through the work before 8:15
p. sr., at which time the doors were
opened to the public, when a rush took
place for seats, and in ten minutes after
it was almost impossible to obtain
standing room in the hall.
The performance commenced with
an organ solo by Companion W. H.
Roberts, after which a pleasing decla
mation was given by Miss Ada Wood
ruff, followed by an excellent guitar
solo by Mr. John Yantis. The play of
the "Kritsiugles," in four acts, was
next in order, the respective characters
being well personated by Messrs. J.
Yantis, H. Saunders, and W. H. Rob
erts, and the Misses Nettie Horton,
Ella Clark, Ada Woodruff, Amelia
Abbott, Lillie Horton aud Mrs. Treen.
The gem of the evening was a vocal
duet by Glover, entitled "Let us Gather
Bright Flowers," which was admirably
rendered by the Misses Ella and Rosa
Clark, and was received with unbounded
applause; after which the programme
was closed with a very pleasing recita
tion by Miss N. Horton.
Occasional entertainments like the
foregoiug are generally calculated as
benellcial to the Order, and at least
serve to show that Champions are uot
so "prejudiced against outsiders as to
preveut them from passing a pleasant
eveniug in their Society, and perhaps
in the end, outsiders may begin to look
on the Order with more favorable con
sideration than they have heretofore,
given It. V. R. C,