Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
t tr afc-JT-- '-
MBS. A. J. DUXiw.lT, Editor and Proprietor
Ori'lCK-Cor. I'rout ami Stark Street-;
A Journal for the Teoplc.
Devoted to the Inttrestior Humanity;,
Independent In Politics and Religion! -Mlve
to alt IJve issue,, nn(i Thoroughly
limited In Opposing and Eiposlne the Wrong
ol th MMes. . .
TKItMS, IX ADVANCE:
Fr.r.E Speech, Kb Pbiss, Vr.r.r. People.
Correspondents trrltlns over assumed signa
tures must make known their names to. the
Edltor.or no attention wilt be given to their
tAwKKRTIRE"MKXTS In8erleJ on Reasonable
3? OTtTIl, A.IVD , OEEGON, ITI2irA.Y, OCTOBER 3, 1873.
175 ' ' " 1 "
Till: VKAP. J2.
BV ELIZA K. 8.N01T.
The Year Is stepping et regard lets of
My long, long tiutanee trom my Mountain
It leave me In llalia's "sunny clime,"
Where verdant Coital gentle breoies kiss.
And balmy rephyrs lan the evening tide.
The year now pacing out.bas.ln lt course
in llb'ral port ions, meted out to Mc
The wide extremes of Jeep bereavement, and
Munificence In nrbly flowing strums.
Which I ai-kuowledge freely ere we part.
All grateful reminiscences the old
Expiring Year inscribe indelibly
n inein'o 's aeret tablet, rlohly wreatb'd
With eimi.-e mementoes of the good produced
ii victrleg troth and Justice bare nehleved
Improvement's pffigress In the march of mind.
.vim every aia to Fjr Humanity;
While lt socresMirruls upon Us heels.
(i.Hxl-bye.old Year. Webotharemnvlngon;
". me floiMeroT the mighty pat.
To join It lo the future yet unborn;
I, to Hie far-famed land of Palestine,
Which liana hit'ryt the past, that be
Wilh a momentum mtd eternal weight
if di-Htiny Ut all of human kind,
l'm the future which the patting year
With hurried trml ere long will Introduce
With bold, magnificent developments.
I go to place my fret upon the land
Where once the Prince of l'eaee, the Son of
Wa born wliere once He lived and walkU
And ra.-d, admonished, tau?ht, rebuked and
Anil then, to amwer jmlieoNi great demand,
And aeal lit Minion of Klernal Ijve,
l'po the cross poured out his precious blood-
Arose to me uinmphant oier the tomb;
And after being m n and beard and felt,
Ascended up to lieavee ; and as He went
TliOMi who atood loeklniieanl an angel say:
"Ye men of Oallllee, wliyMand ye here
(axing to heaven Thewlf-saine Jesmuwhom
e see aseetMlmr, In like manner will
Raeh year that pastes on
Clip from the til rem 1 or time a oition or"
IU Intervening length, and hurries up
The coming gerat and grand fulfillment or
That strange prediction ctrangeaml strangely
That moat momentous jierlod for the great
Event is Mt apriroxliuallng, and
Ttie moving or the waters now.nmidst
Tlie iialio ot theearlli, like decpoM shades
Ol pencil drawing, teem frediadowlng
Tlic world great crixU.
Urows tremaloi; while human government
With tender care are fondly fostering,
And feeding with their lire's beat nourishment,
The seed of Ihrtr own dlaaolation.
Is poising on a pivot. England reals
On her broad pedestal, but resting mores
With vaulting tendencies. Tlie fameil
Italia stands in leaning osture from
The Papal Chair to King Kmmanuel;
While Ilussla, beckoning to Austria,
To Germany, or whosoever will.
Solicits lielp to lift tlie balance
Of Power, now lying just beyond her reach.
The wires of destiny are working on
To consummate eternal purposes.
And bring results of change, Ihat must precede
"The .Second Coming of tlie Son of Man;"
When unio Him, "whose right It Is to reign,"
All human pow'ra and governments will bow.
Ml UK, Italy, Dec, 31, lfii
TO THE VOTEES OP 0BEG0N.
Having been nominated by tho Re
publican Stale Convention of this State
as the candidate of tho Republican
party for Representative in Congress,
and not beinc by profession a nubile
speaker, I take this method of present
ing briefly to the voters of this State,
whose suffrage I respectfully solicit, my
views in reference to the more material
questions which in my judgment should
attract the attention and secure the ear
nest labors of a Representative in Con
gress from Oregon.
Politically I am a Republican. I be
lieve in the principles of the Republican
party, and have faith in its organiza
tion. I have Tesided in Oregon for the
imst twenty years, and have devoted
myself during that period to the busi
ness of farming and merchandizing, and
I believe I have a good understanding
of the wants of tlie people. Should I
be elected, I shall, among other things
not enumerated, devote my energies es
pecially to aid all in my power tosecure
the following results:
First. Appropriations for the im
provement of the Willamette river from
its moutli to Springfield, in Lane
county. I have no doubt, from my
knowledge of this river, that with a rea
sonable amount of outlay it can be ren
dered easy of navigation this distance
for tlie greater portion of the year. This,
in my judgment, is an improvement de
manded by tlie farming and producing
interests of the "Willamette Valley.
Second. The extension of the West
Hide or Oregon Central Railroad from
its present terminus at St. Joe to Junc
tion City, in Lane county.
Third. The extension of the Oregon
and California Railroad from its present
terminus at Roseburg southerly through
the Rogue river Valley, to connect with
the California and Oregon Railroad.
Fourth. The building of a railroad
from Corvallis to Yaciutua Bay.
Fifth. Tlie building of a Canal and
Locks around the Cascades of Columbia
river, and appropriations for dredging
me uara oi tlie l-olumbia river.
Sixth. The building of tlie Portland,
Dalles and Salt Lake Railroad. This'
enterprise I regard as all-important to
tlie prosperity of our Slate.
Seventh. A shelter or harbor for
ships at PortOrford, or at the most suit
able point in this vicinity.
In addition to these measures, which
to my mind are paramount, I should
aim to labor faithfully, in a modest
way, for lljo true Interests of the whole
people. Iam willing to pledge myself,
If elected, not to do any of the following:
First. I will not.take up the time of
Congress with long, windy speeches,
nor the time of Committees with tales
Second. I will not vote for nor take
Third. I will not vote for nor nso my
influence, directly or indirectly, to ad
vance the Interests of any Railroad
Company, Steamship or Steamboat
Company, or capitalistfnt tlie expense
of the people, or any of- them, nor un
less, in my judgment,. general good is
to result to the masses.of the people.
Fourth. I will not be any man's man,
but will strive to be independent and
free from all alliances that would pre
vent my laboring for the general good
of the whole State.
Id reference to Indian- affairs, I am
opposed, and always have been, to giv
ing the public domain to Indians at the
rate of thousands ot acres per head, while
white men, who bravo the dangers of pi
oneer life and build up our civilization,
are restricted lo a limited number of
acres, and compelled to pay for them,
either in money or in years of tail. I
have always held to the opinion that
the Government was loo liberal In the
formcr case, and not liberal enough in
the latter; that an unjust discrimina
tion is made in favor of the Indians and
against the whites. I believe- that
peaceable Indians should receive tho
encouragement and protection of law;
that every reasonable effort should be
made on the part of the Government to
teach them the arts of civilization, and
to enable them to take care of them
selves. And I believe that Indian out
laws and marauders should, on convic
tion, suffer the extreme penalty of the
law at the end of a rope.
I believe that tho laborer Is worthy of
his hire; that whatever tends to degrade
labor degrades our civilization and
throws an obstruction in the way of our
prosperity. I am opposed, therefore, to
the present Coolie system, whereby
thousands of Chinese are annually
brought to our shores as mere serf and
employed at nominal wages, and I am
in favor of its suppression by Congress
ional enactments, tinder severe penal
ties; and while I would advocate any
measure tenuing to secure to tins coast j
the commerce of China and Japan, I
would never be willing lo do it at tho
expense of flooding this- country with a
population whose presence tmiong us
can but degrado labor, keep back Euro
pean emigration, and retard our pros
perity as a State.
The present wealth of Oregon is in its
agriculture, livery additional facility
for marketing our grain will enhance
our prosperity. To this end I am in fa
vor of all measures calculated to in
crease our facilities for transportation.
I have this year raised twelve thousand
bushels of grain, and expect to do so an
nually hereafter. And self-interest, if
Influenced by no higher considerations,
would lead mo to guard the producers'
interest in the great question of trans
portation. I am in favor of additional Congress
ional aid to our State Agricultural Col
lege, to the end that that Institution
may be placed on a linn basis.
Some objection, it is said, is made to
voting for tho nominee of the Albany
Convention, because of the adoption of
tho resolution in reference to Mr. Mitch
ell. Tlie resolution is, in my judgment,
wholly an outside matter; it is no part
of the platform, nor was it intended it
should be ; aud its adoption, as I under
stand it, had no reference whatever to
tho proceedings for the nomination of a
candidate for Congress. It is simply an
utterance of a majority of the Conven
tion in relation to Mr. Mitchell. I
neither apologize for nor attempt to ex-
cuse any wrongful act in Mr. Mitchell,
or in any other man. I stand upon the
broad principles of the Republican par
ty, as defined in the platform adopted
by the Convention. These make up the
only issues in the present campaign.
Having said this much to tho voters
of the State, I shall, in the name aud on
behalf of the Republican parly of the
Slate of Oregon, go forth as its standard
bearer in the present contest, believing,
as I firmly do, that every true Republi
can in the Stale will on the 13th of Oc
tober vole for your humble servant, and
thus preserve intact the organization of
the Republican party and aid in perpet
uating its principles.
Very respectfully, Hiram Smith.
A Touching Incident. A short
-.mo ninw In tl.lo -!,. o 1til)litt An. I
...... "....... .urn luiunu meat wnat since oi this astound-
much admired lady, who had hcen.lng legal procedure the jury came in.
troubled for Mme time with an affection .The Constitution says that, not Judco
or me eyes, was leu 10 tear a speedy
change for tlie worse, and immediately
consulted her physician. An examina
tion discovered a sudden and fatal failing
in the optic nerve, and the information j
was imparled.as gently as possible, that
the patient could not retain her sight
moro than a few days at most, and was
liable to bo deprived of it at any mo
ment. Tlie afflicted mother re
turned to her home, quietly made such
arrangements as would occur to one
about to commence so dark a journey of
life, and then had her two little chil
dren, attired in their brightest aud
sweetest costumes, brought before her,
and so, with their little faces lifted to
hers, and tears gathering for some great
misfortune that they hardly realized,
tlie light faded out of tho mother's eyes,
leaving an ineffacable picture of .those
dearest to her on earth a memory of
bright faces" that will consolo her in
many a dark. hour. Covington (AyJ
The Woman Suffrage Qnestion.
RFPLV TO.ronREsroxnEXCE OP THE YOHKERS,
X. V. "STATESMAN," IIY MUS. CI.EXKNCE S.
I-or.IEK, M. U
Miss Anthony, as a law-abiding citi
zen, took good care to deliberate and
secure the best advice the country could
afford before voting. Tho very fact that
this was a test question, rendered it 1m-
i possible that she should have known it
was wrong to vote, as charged by my
youtnr friend. "When arraigned for trial
she pleaded not guilty, and asked and
expected a trial uy a jury or iter peers.
It was not thought that the very con
stitution wuicli guarantees every cut
zen accused of crime an Impartial trial
by jury, could be so perverted as to deuy
mat rigut to tuo Humblest, or so dis
torted ns to utterly ignore the very
name and existence of citizen so far as
women are concerned, Bat since Judge
Taney's decision that, under the Consti
tution, "black men have no rights
which white men are bound to respect,"
nothing emanating from that bench
ought to - surprise us. Professional
duties permit me but little leisure or
opportunity; but by the aid of a kind
providence, in the shape of a legal
friend, perhaps we may yet make the
case clear to even Mr. Thayer.
The principal point in the controversy
has been whether or not Judge Hunt
was right iu adjudging Miss Anthony
guilty of the alleged crime of voting,
without any voluntary assent on the
part of the jury invnauueled to try her.
I stated in my address that the decis
ion was illegal, and a most flagrant vio
lation of constitutional right, viz.: that
of trial by jury. My young legal
friend takes issue with me, and insists
that tills arbitrary act of Judge Hunt is
right, ami that I am 'wrong. This Ida
question of such magnitude, and so in
timately concerns the personal liberty
of the individual, that it becomes one of
vital importanco to every man, woman
and child throughout this land. If it
shock tlie nerves of my friend Hon.
Stephen Thayer, Jr., that I should crit
icise a Judge of the Supremo Court, so
be it. I must leave his nerves to the
soothing influence of time and more
mature deliberation. Believing as I do
that a dear friend, and ait American
citizen, lias been stricken down by a
most cruel, arbitrary and unconstitu
tional act, termed a judicial trial, I
shall certainly exorcise my prerogative
as a citizen to speak if I. may not vote;
and that without fear or favor of Mr. T.
or Judge Hunt. The time has passed in
this country for the perpetration of such
an outrage, and for placing n padlock
upon our litis, at the risk of being again
stigmatized by Mr. T. as exhibiting
myself as "utterly failing to compre
hend the simplest of tho legal points in
tills not intricate matter," I will pro-
rPAil Anil first it. iu nm nor flint. vi
look at our chart and take our bearings.
Our chart is the Constitution of the
Tnitcil Slates. It says, Artlclo 3, Sec
"The trial of all crimes, except in
cases of impeachment, shall be by jury.
In all criminal prosecutions the accused
shall enjoy the right to a speedy and
public trial by an impartial jury of
State and district wherein tlie crime
shall have been committed.
Aud to have the assistance of counsel
for his defense."
The law under which she was tried
provides, that auv person who shall
knowingly vote where thoy may not be
lawfully entitled to vote, or vote with
out having a lawful right to vote, shall
be guilty of a crime, etc
If o nrwi wul fn tlm frlnl? Virt Tllflt
she was advised by one of tho oldest4
and ablest judges in this State, Hon
Henry it. Seidell, that sne Had a
legal right to vote. Second It appeared
by the evidence of that judge, in the
presence of this court and jury, that he
so advised, and that hegavesucli advice
In good faith, believing that sho had
had such right. Third Italso appeared
that when sho offered to vote, tho ques
tion whether, as a woman, she had a
right to vote, was raised by the inspec
tors, and considered in her presence aud
they decided that she had a right to
vote, and they received her vote accord
ingly. At the close of tho testimony the de
fendant's counsel insisted upon the fol
lowing propositions: First That the
defendant had a lawful right to vote.
Second Tliat whether she had a lawful
right to vote or not, if she honestly be
lieved that she had that right, and voted
in good luitn in that belief, she was
guilty of no crime. Third That when
sho irave her vote she cave it in trood
faitii, believing tliat it was her right to
The defendant's counsel insisted that
the first and second propositions were
questions of law, anil the thin and last
was a question oi tact ior the jury to de
termine, and asked leave to address the
jury upon that question. This the court
declined to grant, me court men in
structed the clerk to take the verdict,
and the clerk said, "Gentlemen of the
juryi hearken to the verdict, as the
court hath recorded it, you say you find
tlie defendant guilty of the oft'ense
chared. So say you all." Xo response
was made by the Jury, cither by word or
sicn. They did not consult together in
their seats or elsewhere. Neither of
them had spoken a wonl. nor had they
been asked whether they agreed upon
their verdict. The defendant's counsel
then asked that the jury be polled, t. c.
that each iuror be asked separately am
distinctly whether this was hi verdict
i ho court said, "That cannot he al
lowed. Gentlemen of the jury, you are
discharged," and they left the jury box.
' l..r-Z' '".'.. V
.uv win .Mr. r. ue Kind euoucu lo
Jiunt, not the
Oirpllii. .Ponrf if llw.
United States, but fhn -tiff! cfinll 4
These twelve men that sat In the Jury
Dox iiau nothing more to do with Miss
Anthony's trial than any twelve specta
tors who may have happened to be
present. If twelve wooden men had sat
in meir places, me same result would
havcliccii obtained. There was uoconmr.
rence of the jury. There was no volun
tary assent. It was "Hearken to the
verdict as the Court has reconleil it,"
not. "Gentlemen of the jury, what is
your verdict?" The trial, so far ns it
may by legal hctton Ue called a jury
trial, was a mere sham aud pretense,
and a most cross and palpable violation
of the constitutional provision above
Arrain. I am told bv lawyers whose
opinions I respect, that the right of the
criminal to have tlie jury "polled" is a
long and well established custom. This
was denied. - Indeed, I am (informed by
one oi me nest legal minds minis state,
that the right was never before denied
to a party against whom a verdict was
rendered; and reference can be made, if
necessary, to a number of cases shqwing
that the right to poll the jury is ati ab
solute right in all cases.
Now the answer Mr. T. makes to this
is, that the act itself constitutes the
crime, and it makes no difference what
the intention of the accused might have
been. Until my young friend's advent
I had supposed that intent was the prin
cipal ingredient of crime. From the
highest to the lowest grade of crime the
felonious intent lias heretofore been the
gravamen of the charge. But this old
fasliioncd law, it Would seem, has out-
l day. Ami my young friend T.
appears as a new luminary upon tlie
legal horizon. That I may not be
charged with misrepresentation, I quote
his own language: "The legal oft'ense
was iu tlie act, not in (lie intentions
accompanying it, as Mrs. liozier seems
to imagine. Tlie voting being admitted,
tho ouy thing the jury eonld pass upon
was admitted; with motives and inten
tions they had nothing to do." And
from a justice of the peace, I believe.
.Now, i numbly submit that the in
tent which accompanies commission of
an act is a very important fact in defer-:
milling tlie question of crime; anil tlie
intent brimj uart tlie jury only can tie- :
termine that 'fact. Aud right here I
resectfiiUy submit that my illustration
of the man with the "ohoico fowls" is
iu point. The pith of that illustration
was tills, that if a man honestly be
lieved, though mistaken, (hat his own
fowls were in his neiir.hbor'.s ground-'.
Laud should drive them home, ho cannot
be convicted or (lie crime of stealing.
Why not? Because there Is one qualify
of the crime lacking, viz.: the felonious
intent to steal. But according to the
loglcof my young friend lite man guilty
of such a "fowl" proceeding should be
summarily convicted by the court uou
admitting that he took the fowls, for my
friend says, "tho legal oU'eiice was iu
tlie ad, not in tlie intention. The tak
ing voting being admitted, the only
thing the jury could pass upon was ad
mitted; witli motives and intentions
they . r. the jury lt.nl nothing to do."
Black.iioue say, in his Commentaries,
referring to theft: "The taking and car
ryinjraway must be done aniin'o furandi.
i. e. witli a felonious intent." What :t
blockhead Black.itone must hare been!
Xow among other eminent law writ
ers I quote such expressions as the fol
lowing: "Intention is a fact." Again:
Tlie intention of tlie defendant is n
question for a jury to determine."
Acatn: "ino leiouiotts (ltiaiity consists
iu the intention of the prisoner to de
fraud the owner." Again: "Jf jroods
are taken on a claim Of right of prop
erty in them which the taker honestly,
liiougii mistaKeniy, believes lie pos
sesses, it Is no felony." Again: ".Mis
taking auolner's property rorone's own,
la neither legally or morally a crime."
tlinuii: "in all cases ut larceny, the
question whether he took them iu nood
jaith under a claim of riyht, arc ques
tions entirely ior tne jury.-to oe deter
mined by them upon a view of the par
ticular facts of each case."
ow let us apply this principle of law
to Miss Anthony's case. Tho statute
under which she was tried says that if
she shall knowingly vute without the
lawful right to vote, then it shall be a
crime. Tlie law does not say that if she
shall vote without lawful right, then it
shall be a crime; but if she shall know-
xnnli vole without lawful rluiit, tiieu,
and not till then, shall it be a crime.
Now whether or not she voted knowing
it to bo unlawful, was a question of fact
- JT,,lch f"?1 J,uryt a,.ul, 1,0 otller tribunal
w i a vti iiuu iihiiv v r mh
determining that question, the jury had
a right to take into consideration the
"good laitn miner a claim oi right" on
tho part of Miss Anthony. And in sttp-
Irart of that position, the counsel should
lave been permitted to nrcuo to the
jury that the advice of eminent counsel
mat sue had mo right, and mo decision
of the Inspectors of election, who were
acting in a judicial capacity, that she
nan such right, anu me absence oi any
thing to conceal hersex; and-tho public,
open handed, innocent mauner with
which sue penormed me act, stripped
the offence of that vital ingredient, viz.:
criminal or felonious intent; and then,
upon the rendering of the venlict by the
jury, tho question of fact would have
ucen imaiiy and constitutionally deter
mined. Suppose my legal friend should he liv
ing uion the border line of New York
State and Connecticut. Tho boundary
line is in dispute. You are not quite
certain upon which side of tho Hue you
live. The law provides that you must
live in the State one year before you can
vote. You desire to vote. You consult
a civil engineer who has surveyed tho
line, and some good lawyer who has ex
amined the description tho construction
of which is in dispute. They both tell
you tliat you live in New York State.
You present yourselves to the inspectors
of election, aud inform them as to the
exact residence. They deliberate, aud
decide to receive your vole. Subse
quently the boundary line has got into
the courts, and the courts have put
their construction, upon the disputed
point; aud, lo and behold, you rind you
were a resident of the State of Con
necticut at tlie time you voted. You
have certainly voted "without the law
ful riirht to vote." but will my voutiir
Jcarned friend say that under such cir
cumstances you navo commuted a
crime? Is not the fact, that you voted
uy a mistake, without tho intent to
commit the onense, ami nm Knowing
tliat you were not euiiiieu to vote, a
great and controlling fact in tlie de
termination of your alleged offense?
and should not the jury be permitted to
Again, let us suppose that you were
In doubt as to your age. An election is
near at hand. You know you are about
twenty-one years of age. You go to-the
old Family Bible, and Ihere find that
you were Iwrn twenty-one years before
the day preceding tho election. You
vote. Subsequently it appears that the
Bible record was wrong. It turns out
tliat you were born twenty-one years
before the day succeeding the election.
Are vou cuiltvof a crime? Of course
you are, according to the proposition of
My friend, in one of hps flippant Hings,
charges me with absurdity. I will not
retaliate. I think it more in accord
with good sense and good breed lug that
our readers should judge of the merits of
the argument. I feel, therefore, that
the action of Judge Ilunl, in not per
mitting tho question of fact as to intent
to be considered by tlie jury, was a vio
lation of one of the most sacred rights
handed U6wn lo us by our Anglo-Saxon
forefathers. From'the days of King! this imputation applies to the great
John, the right of trial by jury has been . body of woman suffragists. ou cannot
guarded as one of the most sacred rights ! blur the sun by aiming at tt a handful
of tho citizen. For a violation of this 'of sand. The statement that dlsreputa
rlihr flu. nnrlv colonists emnlmtlr-allv i hie women ami murderesses are the ac-
protested in tho Declaration of hide- j knowiedged leaders or favorite advo
nendenee: and in the lauffuaire of that 1 catos of the cause, is a more "monstrous
instrument, slightly altered I arraign
Ward Hunt as
ajuuge wnose cnaracier
is marked by an act which may define a
tyrant, and wno is unnt to ue tne judge
of a free people."
I exceedingly regret to notice that
our young friend indulges iu a spirit of
unwarranted accusations against the
"leaders" or "agitators" of Woman Suf
frage. A diirnlfied silence would per
haps have been preserved on my partj
before, through a long life have I ever!
when his nrst letter appeared. .Never
permitted mvseir to ue drawn into a
iinrcnnfil inntmrnrar lrnnwlnrf u'oll 1 1 1 r.
perversity of human nature, and believ-
ln IlinroCnntnitnirm-omi-ln l.n llnnrnfit-
able. The truth-the living truth - ad -
dresses itself totheheartsandconscieiices
of men, and iu the end must prevail.
Then, too, there is such a deal to do in
correcting your disputant's misstate-
ments of your meaning and words
garbled extracts and unfaircritieisnH, If
he be stubbornly disposed to luistinder-,
stand and misrepresent you. It is as
inellet'ttial as running after a brood of
wild turkeys. As fast as you catch one,
a whole troop start offon a run.
Mr. T. says that "underlying all the
talk of the suffrage agitators, and con
tinually coming lo the surface, is a
llinimtrnlis mill mldeltiAvnna ililiii!nti
one that any true woman at least should ; wl11 be found to re.'ull from a combina
beashamed of and tliat is. that there is: t'on of pure accidents. T'he family
atiHtura! antagonism between the sexes
that' men have now the upper hand, I
and tyrannize over woman at their will
that women arc wiser and better than
men, and that, consequently, sordid and
groveling man is jealous of his enslaved
angel, and determined to keep her
down-." AH I can say is that he grossly
iniwoiiceives iiie spirit anu cnaracier oi mui. n.- mini. i-h.-jj ,
tlie Woman Suffrage movement. It is varies, hut we never profit by it.
true that now and then there is, as in I The awful weapon Koeson knocking
the caso of Miss Anthony and Hester pur "'S and mashing whole joints,
Vaughn, occasion for righteous indlgna- j " slipping oil" the handle to the con
tion and sharp complaint becauseof un- fusion of mantel ornaments, and break
fairness; and there are great injustices 1 '"S the commandments, ami cutting up
which women suffer lu society and , a" assortment of astounding and tttifor
under the law, which it is necessary to i tunate antics, without let or hindrance,
speak of as they deserve; but in the ! And yet we put up with it, and put the
T , . 1 . I t .
main, tlie tmo advocates of Woman
Suffrage are ever ready to acknowledge
the real inherent nobility of manhood,
aud to this they confidently appeal.
They see that views, prejudices and con
ditions of a past age have been entailed
uj)on men as well as women as wa3
African slavery which will be relin
quished willingly by them as soon as
they shafl have been enlightened.
Again, I would not for a moment he
understood as saying or insinuating,
:is charged by Mr. T., that Hester
Vauclin was convicted of infanticide,
"on slight evidence, because she was a
woman;" or "the monstrous insinuation
that men take pleasure in crushing a
woman." though some men undoubt
edly tlo. Had tlie district attorney
dared to have gone back in Hester
Vaughn's; case, and probed the moral
and social wrongs anil the cruel perse
cution that led to her fail, the jury
might have convicted the right one.
and maybe tht-tiwelves anil society at
large, before sending her to the gallows.
"It K" says Mr. T- "the misfortune
of tho noble cause of woman Suffrage
to sutler from mojt ignoble advocacy.
Its adherents do not argue or persuade.
They generally scold and vituperate."
tu .Mr. r. please tell us what lie him
self is doing? Fortunately I have not
met the same society in this movement
which he seems to have invariably dis
covered. I have, however, heard the
same unkind and unjust aspersions
brought against tills and every other
great reform which I have had the
honor to be connected with, probably
years before he saw tlie light.
Christ gave place to n wholesome
feeling of indignation against tlie law
yers, scribes and phansecs because of
their legal exactions aud hypocrisies.
Could he be justly charged with scold
lug or vituperation? His disciples were
charged with turning the world upside
down ami being brawlers, and the nnai
preponderating chargo brought agaiust
their Master by his enemies was that of
sedition. I do not wish to clas3 Mr. T.
with tills number. I only ask that he
be fair and not distort my meaning so
gravely, aud remember that that state
ment which is only in part a truth is a
lianlcr thing to meet than one that is
I am free to admit that there may be
occasion for deprecating what he com
plains of still ho does the cause great
injustice when he attempts to fix such a
stigma upon the wholo movement.
The accusation lias become the last re
sort of many. Tho anti-slavery cause
endured the same lino of attack. Its
friends were called "red-hot fanatics,"
"destructives," "rabid agitators," "an
gering the South," "breathing out
slaughter," "vindictive," "abusive,"
etc; the cause went gradually on.
My personal observation for many
years has taught me .the "perseverance
of the saints," aud. to say ".None of
those things move me." Seven years I
visite 1 the prisons of New York with
Mariraret Prior, and came in frequent
contact with scenes of degradation or
my own sex. In my connection witli
the Moral Iteform and Female-Guardian
Society, I labored in rescuing women
and children from tlie lowest dens in
the Five Points. Asa Christian wom
an, my sympathies led me into the
thick of the anti-slavery contest, when
wo were driven from hall to hall by
pitiless mobs. In tlie Poace Society
and later, while exerting my utmost to
open professional avenues of labor to
women, and to gain a just recognition
of her value in the medical world, as
well as to secure her a larger liberty
and power as a citizen, I have heanl the
same accusation that tlie reform is led
by hot-headed unworthy jien-ons, and
that decent persons should therefore
abandon it with disgust. It isuseless.be employed. A considerable amount
to try to fix tlie leadership upon tills I of means might bo profitably invested
one or that, this coterie or that, in so 1 by a few Utah capitalists in the producer-cat
a movement. It acknowledges ' tion .of silk, and thus furnish suitable
none. It will not be strait-jacketed. It j employment to a goodly number of fe
is clothed in the garb of simple truth, i males. Erponent.
It waits not on piauoriiis or iwisuiu
limw. Tt lenra them un when inimical,
and marches with steady steps and un
wavering faith to the fulfillment of its
purpose. It is Christianity uplifting
and inspiring civilization.
Mr. T. betrays blissful ignorance of
the vastuess of this movement in the
nation's thought when he says that In
order to succeed, "let them cease to xtft
the Laura Fairs, and put mrwaru tne
Woodhuirs as their chosen standard
bearers," etc. I Indignantly deny that
Insinuation" than any Mr. T. has seen
rflt to charge me with. It 13 more than
an insinuation; it Is an assertion so ar
rogant as to bring every right-minded,
earnest woman to her feet with an indig
nant denial. We do not expect to pros
per or to succeed bysubterfuges, immor
ality, or bv bewailing any natural n-
hcreut antagonism of the sexes. On
the contrary, fro fully are we persuaded
of the indissoluble interests of men and
women, tliat we would plead anil labor
foll? practical recognition of them
Your correspondent's predictions of an I
apnroaciiing universality oi siiurage. l
- . .- v - :n . -r-
'" happy to concur to. May the time
. SOOIl COme WllCil WC Shall be 111 realllV
: ! haver been in name-a republic of
Integrity, equal rights and unswerving
Ihk 1'AMii.v Hammkii.- There i
i"'!1'. thing no family pretends to do
without. 'Ihat is a hammer. Ami yet
without. That is a hummer.
,',er? is nothing that goes to makeup
the equipment of a- domestie establish
ment that causes one-half as much
agony aud profanity ns a hammer. It's
always an old hammer, with a handle
that is inclined to sliver, and always
lound to slip. The faee is as glass.
When it strikes a nail full and square,
which it lias been Known to du, the ael
hammer is one of those rare articles
wc never profit by. When it glides off a
"cad, and mashes down a couple of
fingers, we unhesitatingly di-iioit it in
the yard, and observe that we will never
use it again. But the blood has lianlly j
dried on the ratr before we are- out doors
; in search of the hammer, and ready to
ninlrn imnllin. frinl '11 wu.i 1 1 m .1 .. .
handle on again, and lay it away where
it won't set lost, and do up our mutil
ated and smarting fingers. And yet if
the outrageous thing should happen lo
get lost, we kick up a regular hullaba
loo. Talk about the tyrannizing influ
ence of bad habit! It is not to be com
pared with tlie family hammer. Dun
A Sad Stoiiv. It is not lianl lo be
lieve that Dickens' early hanl esici3
enco was a grief even in memory. The
despair of children is keen as keen as
meir innate sense oi justice, iiere is a
sad little story from Germany, tlie
moral of which is applicable to any-civilized
country: Iu Muijeuburg a. boy
only ten years old lately hung himself
in his school-room, leaving a letter in
which lie placed his deatii at his teach
er's iloor, bequeathing liis small prop
erty to his sister, and asked pardon of
ids father and mother for the sin he was
about to commit. Inquiry showed that
during llie morning's lessons the boy
was inattentive, ami his teacher, in
stead of suspecting fatigue, could think
of no belter remedy for this than cen
suring aud punishing him, in spite of
ins being usually a wining and indus
trious scholar, aud of a constitution not
strong. Taking exhaustion for laziness,
the master struck, threatened, and at
last locked him alone in the school
room, where tho unhappy and tired lit
tle fellow, utterly hopeless, scribbled his
pathetic letter and went out of the
This slorr comes from Maine: A man
in Portland married a widow. She had
a fashion, which is too common among
Indies who have buried a man, of giving
him glowing accounts of the angelic
virtues of the dear departed. As a pro
hibition law is in force in Maine, lie
could not drown ltis sorrows in liquor,!
so he nerved his. soul to take a terrible
revenge. One night when his wife was
sleeping soundly, perhaps dreaming of
tlie "first" victim of her charms, lie
arose from his bed, took a sledge-hammer,
and deliberately raising it to Ids
shoulders, ho marched to the grave
yard, and smashed the tombstone of his
dead rival into little bits. Now, when
his wife says anything about the virtues
of the dead man, he replies, "It may be
all very true, old "gal; but he can't
smash my tombstone. There's where
Sent Hohk. A "Washington paper
tells of an elegantly-dressed young lady
who went into ono of tho dry goods
stores on Pennsylvania avenue, bought
a spool of cotton and requested the pro
prietor to have it sent home. Over
whelmed with the important duty so
suddenly thrust upon him, ho imme
diately procured an express wagon and
detailed a clerk, who, lifting the spool
into the wagon, drove with it to the
resldenco of the yotmg lady, and, dis
mounting, rang the bell, and, when llie
door was opened, placed the spool upon
his shoulder and carried it into the hall,
and gently placed it on end, as if it had
been a barrel of Hour, and then retired.
The consternation of tho family can lie
imagined. The head of the house has
been dodging in and out of the dry goods
store during tlie past week trying to find
Mayfield, Santa Clara county, Cali
fornia, lias an ambitious man, Mr. Wil
liam Paul, who is likely to do good ser
vice to t he count rj'i and also enrich him
self by engaging rather extensively in
the silk manufacturing business. He
has now a great number of mulberry
trce3 four years old, and has lately
erected a large cocoonery in which a
party of experienced silk growers will
Dowx, I MniiELLAS ! "Put down
your umbrellas! You'll scare the en
gine oft the track!" screamed the eh
giueer of the Western North Carolina
Road to a crowd of country people, who
had gathered lo see the first train of cars'
come in. They were all lowered at
General Braxton Bragg is canvakslnrr
the cities or Georgia as agent Tor a pat
ent wooden water-pipe. .
BV HOWARD GlYXDON.
I'mlXiiiJ? 'amnniTthe soft, rich mom,
Iravel labelled twigsand hint year
IIiim2,!ro.1 "'f? ,okens or her !eM
llowtenderly thi pitying mother w-avps
mounaT1 SpmyS ia,ove "" ,"3,,u
Tlies mako you think or lost men.Iocknl In
Orola world-old, lenr-liM burial-ground.
JIute witness of pant won! .Kadi (rmy ciant
Me as he ml, hi dmiiery round him drawn.
Like some stork lwar, eii In day dennt
Whine Mironded outline hint of uloHM
So rlo-ie toother nWind hK tairfiurwxnai, "
tu seuree-eaii ttiinpv the Millry Aigu
'Xeath the light, cryptic, lol we 'trend as
And pell llie awe In onf nnotlHerM eye
Like the lrlrt nTXtwnc, rnatnt aiStilendfy,
'1 he poisoned nriiinr of tlie-lvy eliiMW ".
T.) Iliexe. Mrone trunks, with omlnoam leaven
veined redly. -The
air Is lull of aleep and no Mrd sin.
Uut tvrixt the fallen ipooghii. luteriaeed and
A IIWy,tftlflise.liiteiimrtlAtlr lmftk;,
Not e-;ii thes withered lrev, admit uml
Can hide llie were! of the forest bike.
Slirlei ax Millet With the wood 'envL'
Anil what (i.t iteptlm hold no man Irjrlu?
Haply, the secret, ofa world primeval '
l.le lur beneath It lttmlouletst reiie.
fllve tlrniik, O lonely lienrt! sIhiv, At thy
This S.resl. in the bosom oflhehlll.
Tli Li -4111 lake. Iu the Uiwiii of tho forest.
nnve waned In thee a. comprchentlvf thrill.
What matters it that tlinte are world-neglected,
l.-Mieu snm leprtsaiH uom uer .suture
That fur Ioiik years no fee lmth one reflected.
rr voice nam mane llie inner ixnoen
If tliou art like to these, lone heart, forgot not
now snie iney ite on aiure' wnoiesnme
break! : .
If thou art like to these, thou wilt regret not
iiemanii sireicuni out to uruw ineeioiiiy
A Pamily Conversation.
Husband Wife, have you read what
the papers say about Miss Smiley of
Chicago making proselytes by preach
ing? What do you think women will
Vifc 'Why, go to pleading law, I
Husband "Well, well! If anything
oneaith can disgust me" with women,
it will be to see them take llie stand
and go to making speeches. I am sorry
it emu es in my day; l lovo woman iu Iter
"Wife Pray tell tne what is her
sphere? Not to know anything only
what her husband tells her, 1 suppose.
T should be sorry to see any of mv girls
turn lawyers; but if they did" they
would bo true to their clients, and not
be bought and sold as some men are.
Husband Just as I expected; you
bring "up argument and reason to sus
tain women in their wild goose-chase
after law and .physic and many other
"Wife Well, Mr. Brown, you know
that, my opportunities have been lim
ited, that I know but little, aud am de
pendent upon you for that. I have
the Apostle Paul's advice: "Let women
learn from their own husbands at home
and be in subjection."
Husband Well, Mary, you've acted
wisely by staying at home and attend
ing to your domestic duties, and letting
the outside world alone. Women aro
too pure to mix up in political strife.
Wife Oh! that just reminds me of
what John asked me yesterday. He
said,. "Mother, Judge Johnson is in tho.
parlor talking to father about that suit
pending In court." "What did he say
about it?" "He said ho feared they
would swindle the widow and children
out of the most of tho property. I
could not understand half the judge
said." "Why not, my son?" "Be
cause I have never read law, neither
been in a court-room, what do they
mean by mittimus and venire?"
"You'll have to ask your father, my
son." "Well, mother, I think it is time
we were learning something. Suppose
father had dropped off suddenly like
Mr. Grey, and left his business in tlie
condition it is in, with those securities
hanging over it?"
Husband Who ever would have
thought that John, no older than lie is,
would have noticed what the Judge'
was talking about? I believe I will
bring home somo law books and have
him go to reading them.
Wife And Annie too: I don't wish
to raise her as ignorant as I am. We
do not know whose bauds she may fall
into wueu we are gone.
.Husband Uh! Alarv. vou know T
don't want my daughters contaminated
wim lawand politics; they havo enough
to do to study music and dress. AVlien
ever women engage in masculine pur
suits, it takes away all other charms.
lie well. 1 have found out that
charms will not take a virtuous woman
through the world. Look at your sister
Maud, brought up to know nothing
but to dress and to thump on the piano!
She is a sample of what charms will do
towards rearing a family. She married
a man who has spent all the property
her father gave her, and you went Iris
security for live thousand dollars. Now
ho has run away to got rid of paying
his debts and left her witli six little
children, broken hearted, and knows no
more about feeling the restionslbilities
of wife and mother than our little Jane.
Husband Oh well, you know if wom
en get good husbands they have no need
to learn anything outside the sphere of
AVife Why, I heard yon say last
week, that the heads of the nation were
becoming so corrupt and dishonorable
that they would be the downfall of the
nation; a great number of men who go
to tho Senate and House of Representa
tives to represent tlie people of this once
Great Republic, can be bought and sold
for a few thousand dollars, ir this is
tho case, it is certainly time women
were beginning to study as least tho
lPL "faw" of nature-self-preservation.
Great Horn The setting ofa great
hope is like tho setting of the sun. The
brightness of our life is gone, shadows
ortheevcuing fall around us, and the
world seems but a dim reflection itself,
a broader shadow." We look forward
into the coming lonely night, the soul
withdraws itself.- Then stars arise, and
the night is holy.
Miss Clara M. Babcock, a graduate of
tire Divinity School of Harvard College,
occupied her father's pulpit at tlie Yi , ar
ren street Unitarian Chapel In Boston,