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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
MIS. A. J. BUMWir, Editor and rriprlel'or
V Journal for.tUaPcoplc. ,
Devoted to tho Interests of Humanity.
Independent In Politics and Religion.
Mlvo to all" Live Issues, and Thoroughly
Radical In Opposing and ESpoMng the Wrongs
ri'IC!ICor. l'ront ami Stark SIrepK
' TKItMS, IN ADVANCE:
ot tho Masses. ,
- 1 60
Fuee Speech, Feee IY.ess, Free 1'ron.E.
Correspondents writing over assumed signa
tures must mako known their namesxto the
POTtXXVlSTD, OREGON, ITRrDA.Y, SEPTEMBER C, 1873.
Edltor,or no attention will be given to their
1 WW WAP
i lira it. a utm wt m . 7 ihm irra
f .Written for the New Northwest.
The Ilrntli or lie Violet.
BV JOHN A. WOJIACK.
At the -vesper houroflwlllght,
There leii a drop of dew,
That kiMHl a bud In the moonlight
With eye or starry hue.
Tlut wtiwta of mornln; sifted
The dew at the sweet buii's feel;
The -.an then wanderta? lifted
The hud so pure ami sweet.
Pare and bright and sweet It grew
lb illi the amber sky;
Xrphyrs Mscedlls llpsnrblue,
IMt heard the dew-drop rtgii:
''fhfcntVi not a bad but lades away
Iteaeoth the Autumn sky;
There's not a frost at break of day
Rat down it falls to die."
Trow VAI.I.KY, Wasoo county, Oregon.
ELLEN DOWD, THE PAEMEE'S WIFE.
I Entered according to the Aet of Comrress In
the yaar HRbyMra. A. J. Duulway, In the of-
"w utttartan of Ooogrees at Washington
Dr. Goft was growing old. The weight
or years had long sat lightly upon his
1 - . i J . m . ....
ujw, uut ins gray jiair, tailing eyes
and stoop! ng wnl k now'bore evidonco that
lie was rapidly ripening for tho hettcr
world. Heavy incumbrances of this
world's goods had never molested him.
The benevolent habits acquired in his
youth, and folloved.'continually to the
fullest extent of his limited income, had
served to keep his finances remarkably
low. Ami now, as he was nearing su
perannuation, lie began to cast about
for the best possible means of subist
euce, when he should be no longer able
to endure the fatigues of his profession.
Hut lliore seemed no opening ahead for
the arranging of suoh a plan. Indeed
he had no plan. Accustomed for many
years to his humble and recluse bache
lor apartments in the woody suburbs of
Mackinaw, from which ho never
emerged except upon missions of mercy,
ho seemed to have lost the art of look
ing ahead for himself. The rigors of
approaching winter were to liim a mat
ter of deep concern. He had grown
rheumatic and strangely feeblo of late,
ami the first frosts of Autumn found
him unable to leave his room. For two
days he had endured his sufferings
alone. No one knew of his illness, and
as ho lay upon his bed, watching
through the window tho falling maple
leaves in the day-time, or listening at
nightfall to the ceaseless chatter of tho
katy-dids, blissful dreams of days de
parted were born anew in his soul.
Beaching for a crevice in tho rude wall
behind his bed, he took down an an
tique leather pockot-book, and select
ing from a numerous assortment of odd-
looking manuscripts a letter, yellow
with age and ferck&a ia the fouls )V
time and decay, he opened it cautiously,
after having furtively glanced through
the apartment, as if to satisfy himself
that he was alone. The letter was dated
"D'Arcy Ilomcstead, July 10, IS,"
and was penned in a quaint, cramped,
wjliool-girl hand. It read as follows:
"Dear J. G..-1 should like to go with
you ever so much, but my fatherdoesn't
approve of so young a lady keeping
gentlomen's company; so I cannot go.
I live so much alone in this great house,
and get so tired of it, that I havo half a
mind to ruu away and marry Peter
Dowd. He's good-looking and good-na
tured, and wants me awfully. I. don't
know that I love him, but I'm going to
try to. I hardly over speak to him, for
mamma is not willing that I should as
sociate witli men beneath me in the so
cial scale. I could bo happy with you
always, but you'll think I'm a very
bold, naughty girl for saying such a
tiling, so please forget that I said it. I
shall dream of you to-day and the nut
ting party. I am sure father might let
me go in company like other girls.
"Good-bye. Ellen D'Arcy."
Having read the faded missive over
and over again, the Doctor fell into a
reverie that soon found vent iu audible
"The problem of life is one that hu
manity has scarcely yet begun to learn.
Some progress has been made with the
present generation, but the great mass
of the people yet iguore their most vi
tal interests. Had the young life of my
Ellen been unconstrained and natural,
as it should have been, instead of false
and conventional, as it was had she
even been permitted to accompany that
nutting party in the long ago oh,
was a boy then, but I loved her more
than all the world! But it's no use I
A lieavy knocking at the door aroused
him. Hurriedly thrusting the letter
beneath the bed-clothes, as though it
were something too sacred for the pro
fanation of other eves. Dr. Goff re
sponded with a faint "como in."
Tho visitor was Polly Dowd. Her
heavy black hair, now streaked with
gray, was combed back from a brow
wrinKieu wun over-work aim care.
Her form had acquired n bent and
shrunken outline, in striking contrast
to its full vigor when first introduced to
the reader, years ago. Dropping her
self wearily in a chair, she exclaimed
"What, Doctor? You sick, and no
body here to care for you? Some of
God's angels must have sent mo here.
But if Pole should know it tlicro would
be an awful muss."
"It is true that lam disabled, madam,
hut I am sorry that you came if you
must hide tho knowledge of your visit
from your husband."
"I fell that you'd got sick, and that
somebody must see about you. You've
done me too many favors for me to ne
glect you, even at the risk of a row."
The visitor opened a basket, well
tilled with choice viands, and proceeded
to adjust them on a tray.
"I have eaten nothing for two days,"
aid tho Doctor, "and whatTwant now
is not food, but water. Bring me a
A refreshing draught was brought
from the spring, and tho patient quaffed
it with eagerness.
"Xsow," said Tolly cheerfully, "if
you'll try a bit of this chicken a little
of the broth won't hurt you, I know. If
you'll just show that you've appetite
enough to build up on, I've something
better than victuals to show you when
The broth soon disappeared, and Polly
was compelled to prohibit her patient
from eating more.
"Sick people havo no sense: von
know you've often' said so," was her
comment, as she placed the food beyond
"Why don't you ask what I've got to
show you, Doctor?" holding aloft a let
ter and shaking it lautalizingiy before
Dr. GofI was all impatience now.
Tho post-mark, "San Francisco," had
caught his attention, aud with an ex
clamation of surprise, which the twinges
or ins rheumatism changed to sudden
writhings and exclamations of pain, ho
clutched for it nervously. The letter
was placed within his hands. Trem
blingly he broke the seal. Instinctively
he knew its author.
"Como to us, dear Dr. Goff," tho let
ter said. "Often, when the shades of
ovening fall upon the city and mryiad
lights from tho streets glauco up to
greet the hosts of stars, my mind runs
back to the days of my childhood, and
prominent among tho few appreciative
friends I had you stand, tho impersona
tion of a noble, useful life.
"A strange lot has befallen me here.
Fortune has smiled upon my specula
tions, riches almost limitless are mine,
but best of all, the meridian of my
eventful life is crowned with a recipro
cal and pure affection, tho brightest
Ideal of happiness. Providence inclined
the footsteps of my love. You will re
member Edgar Worth. Ho Is my hus
band now, and oh, we arc so happy!
"But my heart aches when I think of
Peter and his wife. Are tbcv doinc
well? I don't mean in worldly aflairs,
but are they walking in the light of a
better life? Are they affectionate aud
forbearing with each other? Hoes Peter
iicuiftcrwciiy l'oorcnlld! sue was a
great sinner, but more sinned against
than sinning, after all.
"Now, Dr. Goff, I have a proposition
to make, or rather a command. My
husband's mother is with us, and is
partially derauged. Enclosed is a check
to defray your expenses in making her
a professional visit. Come by the Isth
mus route. I have pledged my husband
that you will not disappoint us. I have
a thousand things to tell you, but will
wait until you come. Remember mo
to Polly. Before you start go to the
grave of my mother and pick a boquet
of the wild grass that grows above her
head and bring it with you. Listen to
the katy-dids for me. Bring pebbles
from the Mackinaw and leaves from my
favorite maple. Gather a boouet of
chrysanthemums from Aunt Betsey
Graham's dear old garden, and don't
forget Uncle Jacob's cane.
"Yours in the fullest expectation of
sceingyou within a mouth, Ellen."
Dr. Goff forgot his rheumatism in n
whirl of new sensations.
Polly sat Hko ono turned to stone.
"How did this letter get In your pos
session?" said the Doctor, as soon as he
could say anything.
"I stole it!" was the hoarse roply.
"Pete knew it was from her, 'cause the
post-mark said 'San Francisco, so he
meant to lose it by accident. I beat
him at his own game tliat time, didn't
I? When he tries to find it. I'll sav
it's lost. Ellen was kind to me when I
had no friend but her, and I h'an't for
got it, If my life is a hard one. But it
jvon't do to let Poter know that I've
been here. He's as Jealous as Salmi."
"Ho certainlv 1ms nn ,i . t
Jio ceriaituj nas no good cause to be
jealous of you, Polly."
"Ho knows I don't love him."
"Then you needn't wonder at his jeal
ousy." "But I know ho never loved me."
"Then you are both to blame for your
present unhappiness. My advice to you
is to go and tell your husband that you
have been here. Tell him that you
brought me that letter. No matter who
may try to trammel you, be honest with
yourself. Men are very easily managed
if women only know how to treat
Tm sureTvo always managed Pete.
I couldn't get along at all unless I did."
"Yes, you've managed to deceive
him; and often, when you've thought
you had the wool well over his eyes,
he's known everything you were doing.
You havo taught him to distrust you by
your own trickery.!' .
"Dr. GofT, do you . accuse me, when
Fvo been a nigger froni the day I mar
ried that man, of not belli' a good and
faithful wife?" ' ,
"I accuse you of hotblns Iu a spirit of
accusation. I merely tell you the truth.
You've taken many a prescription from
me. Now try tills one go homo and
tell your husbaud that you yielded to
your conviction of duty and brought mo
my letter. Tell him you found me ill,
and like a good Samaritan ministered
to my needs. Be kind and firm and
frank with him, standing up firmly for
your own rights, and you'll manage
him easy enough. I never yet saw a
man who was able to pope with a
woman who knew her duly and was
strong enough to stand by it. The
plague with women is, they endure injus
tice in the spirit of martyrdom, and
then try to outwit their lords by strat
egy." "Well, I'll try your advlco aud see
what'H come of it. It's most dinner
time. Seventeen men to cook for and
two miles to walk. He'll miss me if I
"Let him miss you. If you intend to
tell the truth about your visit to me,
why need you fear that ho will know
that you havo been absent?"
Polly had no reply to offer. Putting
on her bonnet, she hurried home, and
tired as she was, Hew to preparing din
ner. "Tlie simpleton won't have tho moral
courago to do as I advised," said Dr.
GofT, and ho was right.
Loft alone with his reflections aud his
rheumatism, tho Doctor read his letters
over and over, first tho old and then the
new one. Nearly a half century had
rolled away to join the ever-Increasing
scroll of distance between the writ
ing of tho mother's and daughter's
thoughts, and here lie lingered, on the
shores of time, while one was in the
laud of souls and the other far away in
the earth-life, working out her mortal
destiny. The new impetus given to his
thoughts infused new life into his de
caying frame. In a few days ho was
able to reach tho residenco of Peter
Dowd, and the news spread like wild
fire that tho Doctor was going to Cali
fornia. Maids and matrons shook their
heads in suspicion. One "had never
liked the intimacy of Dr. GofT witli that
hateful, sly Ellen Dowd. True, nobody
could fasten any chargo of auy tiling bad
upon her so as to prove it, hut decent
women that stayed at homo aud did
their duty never did come to nuy such
luck as she'd met witli."
nother "pitied tho poor creature's
children. It was such a shame that a
woman could ho allowed to so disgrace
Still another "felt deep sympathy
with Peter Dowd. He'd a' been A No. 1
if he'd only had a good wife in the be
ginning." ill her luxurious home, hard by tlu
Golden Gate, our herome'id-her lovc-
crowned household heeded not coli!
aspersions of the suspicious world.
Aided aud counseled by her noble hus
band, she was preparing day by day for
active public labor in the great, much-
needed reformation, which can only
come through equal rights before the
To be continued.
A Swedish Dairy.
Miss Claussen, of Poiut Reyes, con
ducts a dairy on what is known as tho
Swedish system, ono which differs
materially from that in vogue in Cali
fornia. Instead of ordinary pans, the
milk is set in tin cans, holding 22
gallons each, being 22 inches deep by 20
inches iu diameter. Tho cream rises
to tho depth of 3 to 4 inches. These cans
arc not set on shelves, but in large, vat
like receptacles, through which cold
spring water is constantly running, the
c;ius being sunk in the stream to the
top of the milk.
Manv would think tho cream would
not all rise from sucli a largo body of
milk, but this is an error. When tuo
odor and warmth of the animal aroall
removed, tho cream will all float. Uni
formity of temperature, and that low, Is
the requisite. This method is much
used in New York, where the lady
named told us it originated, and that It
was copied from tuo empire btatc by
dairymen of Sweden.
Mr. W. O. L. Crandell, who wa3 pres
ent, thought it originated in Sweden,
and was adopted iu this country. Mr.
IL Claussen runs two dairies; the 0110
formerly occupied by his venerable
father, at present tho homo of his
mother and sister, and tho other about
two miles beyond, r. is. uramieirs lay
111s: between, on tlie two places 610
cows arc milked:
On tlie dairy of which we havo been
sncaKincr. Miss Claussen is tlie nutter
1 maker, haviuir full direction and iKr
. . ,,. . -
lorming mo laoor ucirsii. cue worKs
,!, i,Mr r onn mvra xl-uu w own
hands. She thinks no butter-worker
has ever been invented that is nuito
equal to the human baud, directed by
an intelligent and experienced head.
When she showed us her morninc's
work, a 135-pound roll of as nice butter
as ever came from a dairy, our thoughts
civ uiviueti uciwecu tno ouuer ami
tuo butter queen.
I'.verytninc about tlin mltrr.mnm.
and, indeed, all the dairv build!
as neat and sweet as water and scrub-
tun iHiisc it. jtiss u. is a rare
specimen of her sex, a fine model for
American girls to imitate. Above the
medium size, her figure straight and
Graceful, neither full norsnaro. hir ston
quiet, but quick and springy: her whole
physique denoting perfect health and
freshness; her mauuer uiodest and self-
forgctrul, almost to a fault; and her con
vcrsation that of an intelligent and in
denendent woman, familiar with the
theories and practice of the best minds
in her profession on both continents:
pervading all an air of contentment and
satisfaction with her lot. which we could
wish was not so rare with hersex in this
country. She Is giving the Swedish (or
New Yorkl svstem a fair trial, and if it
is found ad,antageous on the whole for
this latitude, she will doubtless soon
have, many imitators. Marin Co. Jour
LETTEE EEOMMBS. YI0T0E.
Dear Mrs. Duniway:It ray name Is
not Peregrine Pickle, it ought to be; for
to my peregrinations tliero is no end;
and as for the pickle, lam pretty nearly
always in one! When I left Portland-on-AVallamet
two months ago, it was
with the vaguest of Ideas about what I
should encounter east of tho moun
tains. 1 had heard of tho Modocs, and
did not aspire to an encounter with
them. There were rumors afloat of In
dian Agents scarcely less formidable
than their barbarian wards. It was
understood that alkali and volcanic ash
and scoria constituted most of tlie Ter
ritory known as tho Lake Country.
These several distinct impressions were
all that I felt sure of gained I hardly
could tell how from one and another
I set out therefore with a lagging
sense of anticipation of what was to
come doubting if my summer wander
ings iu this direction would prove cither
pleasant or profitable. "I wish it dis
tinctly understood that I hadn't any
passes, and therefore speak witli entire
freedom to say Avhat I choose; and if I
thank the officers of the O. & C. It. It.
train for courteous treatment, and a ride
on the locomotive through tho most
romantic portion of the railroad route,
it is for actual politeness from theui,
and not an acknowledgment of dead
head privileges. The Hoot of tlie matter
was the conductor; and its branches
wero baggage-master Anderson, and
"Jimmy," the newsboy.
Having been over tho road iu old
stage-coach times, I was delighted to
find that the charm of novelty still re
mained; for of course the railroad
does not follow the stage road grade
altogether. Tho pass' through tlie
Calapooia mountains into the beautiful
Umpqua country is especially Hue, pass
ing as it docs through a forest of giant
timber, and cool ferny nooks, moist
with the. trickling of mountain rills.
Emerging from this, wo came at once
into Yoncalla Valley a lovely region,
and rendered famous from having so
long been the residenco of one of Ore
gon's most eminent men and famous
pioneers, Josso Applegale. The old
mansion at the foot of Yoncalla moun
tain is abandoned by the "Sago" who
erst gave dignity to its ready hospital
ity, aud one must look for the proprietor
on tlie borders of Clear Lake in North
At Itoseburg we leave a comfortable
car, anil hasten to take a not very com
fortable coach. As a tourist must
grumblo somewhere, I seize upon this
opportunity. When one is about to
commence a night ride, one wants three
quarters of an hour at the very least to
j310 for "J but t Boseburg it Is pre-
suraetl ttlSC -QlLcan nitcnu to your
toilet, tako supper, and get lHtoonrm
nlgut wraps In fifteen minutes an on
account of tho stage company's en
thusiastic intention to make time, aud
deliver its passengers to the waiting
train on the California end of the road
at a stated moment. I left out the sup
per, having been fortified thereto by a
private lunch on board the train. Stage-
driving in Oregon is good I find no
fault with that. But the Stage Com
pany probably could aflord, If they
thought of the sufferings of their pas
sengers, to put in cushions that are a
trifle less hard than a rock. On the
whole, it would be cheaper than
smoothing down tho Irregularities in
tho road which make the spring cush
One gets through tlie night, to one's
astonishment, witiiout being reduced to
elly, and after a comfortable breakfast,
resumes the journey feeling somewhat
refreshed. But no! outraged nature re
sents the maltreatment the nervous sys
tem has undergone, and the digestive
organs arc undergoing, aud insists upon
an outside scat after a dose of cam-phor-and-watcr.
That is a happy
suggestion. Tlie driver proves good
company, besides being a philosopher;
and the bright morning air becomes a
tonic. Wc get on very amicably to the
dinner statiou at Bock Point; and here
our sense of justice is offended afresh,
After tho coach arrives, time is con
sumcd getting dinner on tho table,
necessarily. By the time we are seated
and havo swallowed half a meal, tlie
word is given to start again. Of course
the horses and driver have had their
mnnl before-hand without hurry. Tlie
inlsorablo passenger, whose only bus!
ness is to pay his fare, Is not consulted.
On the contrary, ho is compelled to con
sent to be regarded as fast freight; faster
when at the stations than when on the
road. But it all conduces to make us glad
to como to our journey's end, as well as
to vow wo never will no, never! tako
coai:h through Oregon again. JJut wo
shall of course wc shall ana tno totage
Company knows it
.U Ashland, a charming village mine
foot-hills, mv stacc ride came to a ciose,
and I was hospitably entertained over
Sunday at the house of another of Ore
gon's pioueers. Lindsay Applegate,
brother of Jesse, and father of Gen. E.
L. Applegate, of Lane county. From
this point I traveled In company with a
privato party across the mountains,
making sixty-two miles in three days!
But that was tho lin of iL Whatofr
caslon for hurry ''when the" world was
all beforo us where (and when) to
choose?" It was 'tho most genuine
gypsying I ever ild: ami to my con
fusion I discovered that on a gypsying
excursion I was lacking in some very
needful accomplishments. For in
stance, I have permitted myself to be
come so effeminate and awkward as not
to bo able to ride a hard-trotting horse.
Palace cars and carriage cushions arc
demoralizing. But then I could tcalk
that is something I have not yet given
up; and I could laugh heartily at the
graceful appearance of tho young lady
who did venture on the horse with an
ugly gait. "Wo had our choice of the
hack, tho saddle, or afoot; and to redeem
my character from the charge of too
great Iuxuriousness, I walked miles in
tho fragrant shadows of giant pines,
conversing meanwhile with a com
panion of inexhaustible resources, and
did not feel In the least punished by my
self-imposed penance. But I did regret
not being able to keep up with the
hunters, who went ahead to choose
camp and bring in game. However, I
enjoyed the trout if I did not catch
them; and enjoyed trying to find com
fort in a camp bed. I am a child of
Nature, and fond of my mother; but Ido
rather shrink from reposing on her
broad bosom without the interposition
of a French bedstead and a good spring
mattress; that is to say, I did shrink
from it just at first; but that weakness,
I hope, is conquered. Tho second night
we had venison for supper, and might
have had bear meat, only our hunters
had fallen behind to take care of their
venison when tho great "Cinnamon"
came galloping out of tho thicket
ahead of us, and hurried off into the
forest at our right. Perhaps he heard
tho rifle and guessed what it meant. I
am mourning yet because I did not get
that particular bear skin for a rug. As
we camped for the night not far from
tho bcar-wulks, it was pleasantly excit
ing to surmise the possibility of an
ursine visitor in camp; and terribly dis
turbing also to bo wakened at three
o'clock iu tho morning to see Venus!
just as if Venus was not likely to last
one's life-time, and to be evening and
morning star at intervals during the
whole of that period. I know of people
so insane as to invite you to look at the
moon as if the moon were a novelty!
Our party arrived at Linkville, the
metropolis of Southern-Eastern Oregon,
on the 3d of July, where preparations
were being made for celebrating tho
Fourth. As the young ladies were
intorebted in the festivities of that
day, and as I was kindly invited to
participate, Ibecame patriotic, and went
out to hear the young orator, L C. Ap
plegate, discourse of our Nation's his
tory from first to hist In a manner rather
more original than anniversary orators
are accustomed to do. Tlie exercises of
the day closed witli a ball; arjiHf'any
one Is malicious enough to er tbat tho
crave and reverend autl;0r of this letter
Kiietrr?, I sn'SJiJdstats uncompromislng-
that they told the truth.
Linkville is well situated to catch the
travel and business of the country, but
iu the least attractive spot of the whole
Lake region. It lies at tho base of tho
mountains on the cast side, and at the
foot of the Upper Klamath Lake, just
where Link river, which connects the
two lakes, runs out of it. Tho rolling
land about it is destitute of timber,
which want is so great a one In any
landscape, especially one destitute of
green grass. Hot springs and ashen
soil attest the volcanic origin of its pe
culiar features, "iet Mr. Nourso has a
fine garden on the river bottom; and
near town I saw wheat being harvested.
Tliirty-ouo miles to the north of Link-
villo Is Klamath Agency. Six miles
further north, Fort Klamath, both
handsomely located among pine groves
of great beauty, and furnished with the
most dcliciously pure aud cold water.
About half that distance south, on Link
river, is the place of Capt. Jack's camp,
where tho first fight occurred on the 20th
of November; and an equal distance be
yond takes one down to tho scenes of
those massacres of settlers which led to
tho war, and on to Tulo Lake, now ren
dered forever historical, first by unpro
voked murders of immigrants, and
lastly by an unheard-of act of treachery
on tho part of the murderers toward a
Commission which only dealt too len
lentiy with them. The history of the
events which led to tho Modoc war
will hardly be written in this genera
tion; and the unwritten facts will bo
those possessing the intensest interest,
even when something like a history
shall be produced. It is not the fault of
iuterviewers, be it understood, if no ac
count of these things is furnished to tho
public in proper form. Ouooftlilsun
canny tribe rayscii, i ieit some com
punctions of conscience when I behold
tho rapacity of my kind. Be it known
that Job's patience would scarcely have
been sufficient to meet the exigencies of
the qizzing which the officers of the
Agency, particularly, had to undergo.
Tho courtesy and kindness extended to
us Is, and always will rctnaiu, a wonder
to my miud.
It is so much tho fashion to be
rate Indian Agents that I shall most
likely astonish a majority by taking
their side against their maligners.
Everybody knows of what they are ac
cusedstealing, peculation, utifairness
to tlie Indians, cruelty, lying, and the
rest of tlie decalogue of sins. It is cu
rious to me how tlie agents on tho
Klamath Reservation contrived to
mako anything out of a position where
the appropriations were so small and so
slowly remitted; so small, iu fact, even
now, that it is impossible to carry on the
Improvements stipulated iu tlie treaty
to any degree of perfection. And then
tho salaries behind, too. At this rate
an Indian Agent may be looked upon
as an underpaid ami suftcring rather
than a money-making individual. Tlie
duties required of one arc anything but
agreeable, the servant of, rather than
tho master of his wards attending to
every want from a gun-lock to a baby's
shroud. An Indian likes or dislikes,
very much like any other ignorant and
narrow-minded person. Everybody
knows how much more difficult to deal
with is ignoranco than intelligence.
Add bad propensities and savage ideas
to a total lack of all valuable knowl-
edgo and you have the character of
many of tho Indians with whom an
gent has to deal. But the Govern
ment ignores the wrongs of its employes,
and In its surpassing sympathy for the
Indian forgets to "be just before being
generous." I am satisfied that the af
fairs of the Klamath Agency would
bear tho strictest investigation, and
that tho talcs afloat concerning the
provocation given to Jack and his band
arc both false and foolish. Having an
opportunity to observe the administra
tion of the present Agent, and being ac-1
quainted with tho man who formerly
managed affairs on the Reservation, I
feel competent to say that there was not
only no ground of complaint against
them, but that they seem to have acted
with singular manhood and good faith
towards the Indians and the Depart
ment. Yet in California, and even in
Oregon, tho contrary opinion is reck
lessly stated by people totally unin
formed of tho facts in tlie case.
I did not set out to defend anybody;
that last paragraph slipped in unawares.
WhatI meant to tell you of was the many
pleasant excursious T enjoyed while
slopping at Klamath Agency from go
ing to take notes of Jack's trial, to vis
iting the wonderful Crater Lake. But
I cannot tell you everything in one
number of your paper I don't know
that I want anybody to know tho half I
enjoyed on this summer voyage. Suf
fice it for the prescut that to travel in
Eastern Oregon requires you to wear
stout shoes, a linen duster, adust-cap, an
immense hat; to carry a field-glass and
a carbine; to know how to make a hem
lock bed, or sleep on a haystack, and to
talk jargon. With these accoutre
ments and accomplishments, if you arc
a good and indefatigable lider, you will
Norn. Eastern Oregon is settled by
cattle-raisers, and for that purpose the
country is first beat and good for little
else than good beer, oui;sr-2KUcheese.
Moral. If you are well cnougholi;-
stay where you are. If you want to
raise cattle, and can find two or three
thousand acres of unclaimed land
with a splendid springon it, and a mag
nificent pine grove adjoining, why, go
take it; there is nothing to hinder, ex
cept, perhaps, capital to stock it.
F. F. V.
P. S. I had nearly forgotten the.
postscript, the most important part of a
true woman's letter and I wisli to be
true womanly, of course. I will just say
hero that tho only reason I do not put
some real informaticn about the coun
try, etc., Into my letter, is because I do
not resemble Mark Twain, who cannot
help being sensible and wise when lie
only means to bo amusing. If I fail of
being either sensible or amusing, so
much tho worso for me. V.
How to Make a Mustakd Plas
ter, How many people are there who
really Know now to mako a mustard
plaster ? Not one in a hundred, at tho
most, perhaps, and yet mustard plasters
are used in every family. Physicians
prescribing their application never tell
anybody how to make them, for the
simple reason that doctors themselves
do not know, as a rule. The ordinary
way is to mix tlie mustard witli water,
tempering it with a little Hour, but
such a plaster as that makes is simply
abominable. Before it has half done its
work it begins to blister the patient.
and leaves him finally witli a painful,
uayeu spot, alter naving produced far
less effect in a beneficial way than was
intended. Now. a mustard ulastor
should not blister at ail. If a blister is
wanted, there are other plasters far
better than mustard for tho purpose.
When you make a mustard nlaster.
then USO no water whatever, lint, miv
the mustard witli the white of
and tho result tvili "draw" perfectly,
t. . . . ,, . , .... -
uui, win not prouueo a ouster even upon
tho skin of an infant, no matter how
Ioug it is allowed to remain upon tlie
part. For this wo have tho word of an
eminent physician, as well as our own
A Boy's Idea of Heads. "Heads
are of different shapes and sizes. They
are full of notions. Large heads do not
always hold tho most. Some persons
can tell just what a man is by the shape
of his head. Hich heads are the best
kind. Very knowing people are called
long-headed. A fellow, that won't stop
for anything or anybody is called hot
headed. If he Isn't quite so bright they
call him soft-headed; If ho won't be
coaxed nor turned, they call him pig
headed. Animals have very small
heads. The heads of fools slant back.
When your head is cut oil" you are be
headed. Our heads are all eovered with
nair except, uaiu neaus. There arc
other kinds of heads besides our heads.
There are barrel heads, heads of ser
monsand some ministers used to have
fifteen heads to one sermon: nin heads:
heads of cattle, as tho farmer calls his
cows ana oxen; uead winds; drum
hpada: nahhncn liomlar nf Incrrrof- liro.lc
come to a head: heads of chanters: hn.ni
him off; head of the family, and go
uueau uut ursi, ue sure you are ngut."
A Mother's Drentn.
BY GEORGE COOPER.
"I wish there were no children," - ' t
The sighing mother said.
As o'erher fretful little ones .- ?
hue howeu her weary head.
The house grew dark and silent, ' '
.o trill of lauKhter woke the air.
nuaiieu were me sounds of play.
She looked abroad, tho people
Moved slowly to and fro;
The sunlight seemed not hnlfso bright?
in-iiu iwviiieu me worm, oeiow.
There were no hallowed memories, t
io mnipieu arms, so oiesi, w.
No good-night kiss: the mother's heart
t-oemeu use an empty nest.
To toll, no sweet Incentive
Oune with redoubled might;
The tranquil skies Krew dark and dull,
Where were the thousand pleaxures
Tbat little hands hadjgl ven-T
Whore were the senile, loving sools -
10 ue taagnt ine way 10 iieaven t
Two little feet were waiting
On the radlnnt shore nfer; 1 J".
No soft, wee hands now held for hor
The peany gates ajar.
On tlie mother's waking eyelids
The teardrops fondly beamrd,
As she clasped hor children mid thanked God
That sue nau on ly iireamen :
Overwork and want of Sleep. '
Overwork causes a great deal of ill-
health in funning communities. Very
many farmers, in their efforts to avoid
idleness, which they consider a sin and
a shame, go to tho other extreme and
lose both liealtu and liappiness thereby.
While industry tends to health, over
work breaks down the constitution and
shortens life. It injures both tlie body
and mind, and if long continued results
eitlior in death or premature old age.
For this sin and sin it is to overwork
there is not nearly the excuse on the
part of farmers which there was twenty
years ago. iNow one lias machines to
take, m a great degree, tlie place or
hand labor, and tlie farmer who will
use them need not break down his
health by working too hard. But itis
not the farmer who is most likely to
overwork. The farmer's wife is gener
ally the greatest sullerer. Every day iu
the year, Sundays not excepted, she lias
much to do. Olteu there is as much re
quired of her as two women ought to
perform. As tho result of her over
work, health is lost, and she either dies
long before her time or lives only to
sutler the penalties of the law she has
transgressed. For this course there is
no justification. No woman ought to
work herself to death, aud no man is
justified in requiring or allowing his
wife to do so. He ought to furnish her
with household machines, and if her
health is poor either help her himself or
hire a girl to help her. This killing
himself and his wife, which so many
farmers do, for the sake of laying up a
few dollars which they never expect to
use, and which they cannot carry with
them when they die. is a miserable
speculation as far as profit and loss are
concerned, and a sinful, shameful thing
for any man to do.
Want of sleep is one of the chief
causes of much of the physical and men
tal trouble of fanners ami their familii-s.
During the busy season, when the
farmer rises at four in the morning and
works until six or seven iu the evening,
then eats his supper, does his chores,
,ml sits up an hour or two later to read
his naner oT chat with Z neighbor, he
does not obtain sleep enough t8-kesp
either body or mind in perfect liealtli
and vigor. The evil consequences of
his courso may not be apparent for many
years, but sooner or later they will
come. The waste of the brain is not
fully made up. Little bv little it do-
cays aud insanity or incurable disease is
tlie tinal result of using the hours which
should be devoted to sleep forother pur
poses, l-armcrs' wives, who are orten
kept awake at night by the exhaustion
caused by overwork or by the crying
and fretting of children, are the great
est sulferers, and year" by year a vast
number ot tins class go to tno insane
asylum or tlie grave. It is slow but
certain suicide to curtail tlie hours of
sleep, and no man, woman or child need
expect to long continue In good health
without taking tlie fullest amount of
quiet rest. Working Farmer.
Use of Tobacco.
On this subject we give the following
remarks from the lpular Seience
Monthly. Wc recommend them to the
consideration of smokers:
"Tobacco belongs to the clas3 of nar
cotic and exciting substances, acd has
no food value. Stimulation means ab
stracted, not added force. It involves
the narcotic paralysis of a portion of tho
functions, the activity of which is es
sential to healthy life.
"It will be said that tobacco Soothes
and cheers the weary toiler, and solaces
tlie overworked Uram. such may bo
its momentary ellects, that the sequel
cannot be ignored. Alt such expedients
are fallacious. When a certain amount
of brain-work or hand-work has been
performed, nature must have space to
recuperate, and all devices for escaping
from this necessity will fail. It is bad
policy to set the house on fire to warm
our hands by the blaze. Let it, then,
be clearly understood that the temporary
excitement produced by tobacco is
gained by the destruction of vital force,
and that it coutains absolutely nothing
which can be oi use to me tissues or tho
"Tobacco adds no potential strength
to tho human frame. It may spur a
weary brain or feeble arm to undue ex
ertion for a short time, but its work ia
destructive, not constructive. It cannot
add ono molecule to the plasm out of
which our uouies arc uauy ouilt Up. On
the contrary, it exerts unon it a mnsr.
deleterious influence. It does not sui-
ply, but diminishes vital force.
"It lias been denied that tobacco
leads to organic disease, but tho evi
dence is very strong the other way, and
it would be very remarable if continued
functional derangement did not ulti
mately lead to chronic derangement of
the organs; that it causes functional
disturbance, no one dreams of denying;
Indeed, it has been remarked that no
habitual smoker can be said, to have a
perfect day's health."
excessive smoking is unquestionably
jvuu even me smallest quantity
of smoking is very bad Tor boys. To see
an urchin ten years old sucking.a cigar,
which is nearly as big as himself," is &n
unpleasant spectacle, and it'bodes little
for Iho future energy of the prematura
smoker. . tj,