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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
fjje gem jgorfljttjesl
A Journal for the People. - -
lieyoted to the Interests of Humanity.
Independent in Politics and Religion.
Mive to all Live I&snes, and Thoroughly
Radical in Opposing and Exposing the AVrongs
ot the Masses.
MRS. A. J. DUMWAY. Kdltor and Proprietor
OFFICE Cor. Front and Ntark Htroeti.
TERMS, IK ADVANCE:
-. 1 00
Free Speech, Free Phes?, Fkee People.
CorrespoI"Icn,s writing over assumed slgna
nc mnct mnbft known their names to the
Editor, or no attention will bo given to their
ADVERTISES! BNTS Inserted on TteftsonaMe
3?02XXiAJTD, OKEGON, FRIDAV, AUGUST 1, 1873.
Reply to Juhu G. tVltlltter "My IMny-
BV ELLA MOORE,
Tls true, the pines on Ramoth 31111
Were murmarlnj; ott and low.
And sweet May blossoms wafted by,
' Like feathery flakes ofsnow.
TboK blowonu drifted o'er my path.
The birds sang loud and Ray,
I feittny pretence dearer far
Than Cowers or bird that day.
Oh, bow I drank In every word,
, And quaked with anxlou fear,
Iet In my timid glance ye shonkl
Discover thou wert dear!
TU tree, I klwed tliellpof kin.
And placed thy hand in mine.
And wlxlted within my heart efhearta
Thou ne'er would It resign.
I left thee in the bloom of May,
Year after year sped by,
I praying for the baslifal hay
WlUi many a tear and sigh.
I tolled with noiseleiw energy
To reach that lar-ofTzoal
Where I bud plaeed my brtcht-eyed beau
With proud and peerless soul.
" . I came not back to Ramoth Hill
To gather autumn fruit;
' I eame not baek to FMIymlll,
For there one voice was mute.
Melhlnks I hear that merry shout
As grapes In apron fell,
And nuts were trewn around my feet
By hands I loved m well.
' -' lAye, miles btossomed In the iond.
And birds sang on the trees,
And dark pines sighed on Uamoth IIHI,
"While I sailed o'er the seas.
Dost wonder in think of thee,
And of those deer old scenes T
There's not a day, there's not n night,
jVllut thy spirit o'er me gleams.
I eo thy race, I hear thy voice,
In sympathy of mind,
And still I love thee,Wlilttler,
AsneVr I loved mankind.
Anl what were Jewelled hands to me,
And gems of rieheot hue.
Or garments whleh my person decked 7
Iy heart was thine I knew.
Had all the wealth or world's been mine,
I'd loin them at thy feet,
Could we in alter limes have met
On that green mosey Mat.
Ands4111 the pines on Itamoth-nill
Are murmuring like the sea;
"The moaning of the sea of change,"
Which parted thee and me.
Codey's Lady's Book.
ice Jones, the woman returned to her olden memories rushed over Ellen's Into the Declaration of Independence,!
duties, and allien never met tier more, urain. An uncontrollable tit or weeping was working in the minds or the people, The final di.scussion in this interesting
The little boy was restored to his overcame her, and making hor way to land all the powers of Congress, thePres- Icaso was not unexpected.- In spite of
mother, and became a drudge on Peter's 'he wagon, she Sought refuge behind Its Ident and the Supreme Court combined Judge beiuetrs logic ana eloquence, juss
partaking much of the disposi- cover, and ordering the driver to go could not stay Hie overthrow of negro f v0T.e . and llVe insnectors of
nllft-.ll rafllBml f riA nn - . .nM ll I elnitAM U'tll Atll FIllAM Inn.n nll!im I . . . . . , I .
. i ............ iw bco luiauumu i ami w luivia naiii uukuiuu a Hi) on who receiveu ner vote, must
tion of the mother and amply paying
Hiss Anthony's Case.
refused to see poor rniserablo slavery.
his way with his toil
Gathering her children about her for
their evening devotions, which Ellen
Dowd had religiously observed from
the first day of their reunion, she In
formed them that she had decided, if
they were willing, to go In the spring
to California. She had been offered all
her home was worth b3 speculators, and
hall arranged through Dr. Goff to re
ceive a certain sum from their father In
lieu of the annuity which the Court
had granted her for their maintenance.
This, with the sale of her farm and
other effects, would give her a fair start
in life, and in the sunny clime of the
far Pacific she hoped to rear her chil
dren unmolested by associations of the
Peter Dowd or listen to his last good- from the past by which to be guided In suffer the same penalty. There can be
bve. tlmlr nresent duties? Tt I tn-fitlfvlnrr no farther appeal. The penalty is a
r I " J -- I A 1 "V t 1. 1
Twlliplir wna raMiM-Itur inrotlior the I tn , Hint four out of 11m nln Phlpf -"eYpre one: nut more man live nunure.i
I . . . " ftnlinrxi nr three veftrs lmnrlsnnmpnt. or
curtains ot uarKness as me wagons justices aumu um me constitution oi i iu, AVlmt i.pvt frnm Hip Wnman
moved on. Out upon the broad prairie, the United fetates recognizes the right Suflrairlstsv Is the natural question
In Ihn oncii nlr nf Iip-vvpii. with tliplnf fiiiflrnpn in women, f.np of Ihnm This tUUCll talked Of "eolliStOll with the
stars olMminir w;iefnllv in the silent Musi, Bradlev declaring "ilmr rr niit. ederal loernment oy a squad or
lx ." I irnmon " Ii snmetlnnn" nt mnrp sprintm
air, the party moved. A few miles from
the home of the desolate man, who had
brought his desolation upon himself,
the Httlo company made their first en
zen of the United Slates has a perfect
Constitutional right to go to or reside
In any State, and to claim citizenship
therein; and the whole power of the ua
tion is pledged to sustain that citizen in
The weeks became months, and the the exercise of that right. Thataciti-
tired, jaded travelers still moved on. zen is not bouud to cringe to any supc
After many privations and hardships rior, or to party, for any act of grace as a
they reached the valley of the Sacra- means of enjoying all the rights and
mento, having encountered experiences I privileges enjoyed by any other citi
in their journey that have been so often I zen." Let U3 ask why this is so, and
moment than newspaper squibs would
make it. If not so considered by the
"enslaved half of the community" it was
Intended to benefit, it surely is no
laughing matter to the individuals who
must bear mo consequences oi me act.
Miss Anthony's is the test case and the
thirteen otner women wno voted with
her know their fate in hers.
Those who are awaiting the excite-
meut of seeing Miss Anthony carried to
prison will undoubtedly bo disappointed.
She will act sensibly in any extremity,
1 ... 1 ! . I I T tt. .
",c ..i . n... . t- ii . . .i..,. 1 hi .i.. i, sinu wiiiiout. mnaucai oiraiiuacy. iresert
past. The children were, of course, de- U1U u,ak l" " l" "v l" " """.' "UJU'"B lu our Y. her espoused cause she never will, nor
lighted. They dutifully obeyed their
mother's Injunction to keep their own
counsel : and when April, with Its tear-
laden breath, awoke upon the commun
ity, great was the surprise of the gos
sips when it was announced that Ellen
Dowd was going overland to California.
Ox teams instead of railways were In
vogue on the great plains in those days,
and with an Outfit of two covered wag
ons and two strong hired men, accom
who had forgotten their evil suspicions
of the dark davs when the spirit of
scandal ruled them, were now tendered
her In profusion. Quietly she pursued
her way, taking little heed of anything
but her children and her business inter
ests; and when at last the last good-bye
was spoken, and with her own children
and the son and daughter of her sister
here. stitutlon, all citizens are on an equality; her determination to stand nud die an
In a lovely and romantic valley, so that no citizen, as a citizen, can be I acknowledged citizen of the United
ll.o n1lniit nforlnctlnrr Slnrma cilmirlnr tn nnv ntlinr btatCS. II rC III Sal WCSV tllO lltlC Unil
..j..., . w ..mi...) utvt.m uwfviivt .......j v....... . - til I I
rear their romantic peaks, or roll them- Therefore, no citizen has a right to dc- S? ?,"' "Cd,snif hr
selves away in the distance enrobed In bar another from exercising and enjoy-1 sex, she will eat the prisoner's loaf at
evergreens; wiiere grasses wavo and ing tne same nglits and privileges tnat uuuurn oreisewnere, Willi tnanKiuiness
flnn-orn lilnnm and birds slncr soups of I lin nr she pninvs TTpnep. when the foU nd without a whimper. ButWOCatl-
gladncss, Ellen Dowd pitched her tent ored race was raised from a stole of PefL' 11,0 pcacoof 1,er rarty
and began life anew. slavery to a state of citizenship in our Let the sentence be what it mav. wo
And now, reader mine, her happier nation, not all the forces of the nation reasonably look for her pardon by the
,l,vo !...- Inilrivl rnmi "Mntiv nrn tllo nnil.i,.p.1 onnM rnnfitlti.llnnnllir lmvn 1 rCSIIieill, aiinOUgll UeneKll Urailt IS
J J i w.mw...v J Iwnll knmvn tn hp nn pntlmclfictt. wpll.
Isher of the Woman's Kights Move-
The Vice President has publlclv
hnnl lot. and almost quarreled with fate rhisempnt nn distlnetion was made be- committed himself to the cause, and
itself because of her sufferings, are uow tweon the sexes, but all alike were
panied by her children, and the tearful strange vicissitudes which shall yet be prevented them-both men and women wishe
hopes and congratulations of the people revca ed, bu you who have nit led her -from voting; for , the act of enfran- rnent.
taken the greatest interest In this trial.
Wliaf li-mllil hp flip pffpnt imuii, llm
your souls In emancipated aud recognized as citizens women of America, it is not amiss to
of the United States, (tle real fact of ask, should Miss Anthony for this net
their citizcushin havintr before existed "voting ingoou latin, in ino Dnnei uiat
" otinli I'ntlnr. jliil tiAt nAnclttiitn n nfint.
nv m. a imowN.
ELLENDOWD, THETAEMEE'S WIFE.
(Entered according to the Act of Congret-s In
the yearlSTIUy Mrs. A. J. Dunlway, In the of
fice of the Librarian of Congress at Washington
oaran, wno uau uectucu 10 accomiiauy Suffnllrp nuestIon Is ono of no small Im
ucr, me two sotuarj- wagons wim mcir tance n has passed through the
teams of oxen started down the high- j Uases whlcll aU great ref0rms,
..jr ix-wiuH jHUb iub sijui, lujao both In science and government, are
was born, and where for so many years nI,,Ip.mi lo to come un to their final
suoiiauuopeiessiysiruggieu.suouurtcu recocuitlon and adoption by those In
admonislicd to possess
peace and patience.
To be continued.
by virtue of their having been
born subjects of our Government). Uut
fearing that some of tho States might
refuse to recognize their right to all the
privileges aud immunities of citizens,
an Amendment was inserted into the
Constitution guaranteeing to them the
full exercise of all those rights, by pro-
venting any Stato "from making or en
forcing Jaw or regulation in any way
a Motor on City Eail-rcads.
The present position -of the Woman
,...? i j i . y i . .
herfarAlniPrlmn.l .-..,,l llfte.1 nn W "J " " ,.. ' , ,.. "SE "gnts oi citizens, - anu
,., " " 1 Pwer as .r u u, "l:4SSU3 .ol l lu also dcclaiing that no citizen should bo
. people. 1 could cue as examples mo ,i,:,.,i rn. ,:.i
Tho railroad spirit had reached the
village of Mackinaw with its exciting
accompaniment of land speculation.
Buyers, whose resources of wealth were
reported as inexhaustible, began pur
chasing every available farm in the
county. As Peter Dowd was the larg
est owner in the township, many were
the bidders for his possessions, but no
body ever offered him. his "price,"
whiclt was always increased five or ten
dollars per acre whenever a new appli
cant appeared. The woman who had
married him on account of his wealth
soon found herself mistress of toil and
poverty instead. The niggardly habits
of which she had apparently cured him
while she had held legal advantage as
his hired help, when both were perse
cuting Ellen Dowd, returned In double
intensity after their marriage.
No Intercourse wa3 permitted by Peter
Dowd between the families. Once only,
during the hard, cold winter that fol
lowed the divorce and marriage, Polly
escaped from home aud sought a secret
interview with the one woman on earth
who of all others might have consist
ently scorned her.
"I periled my own soul to get that
man in my power so I might get my
boy," poor Polly .sobbed. "And now
though Peter is worth his tens of thous
ands and I toil like a galley slave, I
can't control one cent. O, my boy,
would that you wore Indeed dead, dead,
dead.' Your poor mother would give
her life to see youl"
Ellen calmly remonstrated.
"You have other duties as a mother
now. Your little waif at home cannot
be taken from you. Iet your mother
heart go out to him."
"But, O Ellen, can't you help me to
get my. boy? Pve lately heard from
the old farmer who led me into the
Lands of the law that took him from
me, and he says that for one hundred
dollars he will be given up. iero I am
the slave-wife of a man worth tens of
thousands, and I must cook and wash
for railroad men to keep up family ex
mnsBs. and can't control a hundred
dollars. I wish I hadn't married,
might a' dictated terms to Peter then
"You had vour own choice in the
matter, poor child," said Ellen, with
meaning smile. "If you had not been
wicked, you know"
"There."' she Interrupted. "Don1
twit me with my wickedness. I have
trouble enough, God knows! My pun-
lsument is greater than I can bear!"
"I believe it is, poor child!" was the
quiet reply. "You shall have a hund
red dollars to regain your boy. Here's
u rou oi uius amounting to that sum,
mure, uon-i mank me. I never want
to see your face again, but I shall be
mucu Happier for feeling that you hav
1-"-'"" cuiiu. Mine were
tauen irom me once."
. AVith little of the vim of a year before
.remaining in the breast of Polly Dow
people. I could cite as exampl
The teams were halted near the home reforms that, at different periods of tho
of Peter Dowd, aud Ellen bade her chii- world's history, have brought not only
dren to visit with their father at the scorn, coutcmpt and persecution upon
house, while she lingered at tho last their promulgators, but even death It
resting-place of her long dead parents, self. I shall, however, merely refer to
Twenty years before she had stood in Gallilco's system of tho movements of
the same place, taking n last long look the Heavenly Bodies, the now pending
at the silent mounds, that now were reform in medicine, and the agitation
sunken in the earth and overgrown witli I of the Labor Reform question, which Is
weeds and briars. A whlppoorwill I at this time assuming almost glgantlo
sounded its sonorous notes in the maple proportions.
tree that hung its protecting arms over Tlin Woman Suffrage question, as I
inal offenco under the statute," he im
prisoned like a common felon, aud held
to servo out a term oi years wiintn
prison walls, she an intcllitrsiit, law
abiding "citizen," a woman who has by
heroic exertion wrought great changes
in tho laws regarding the rights of mar
ried women, uprooted absurdities aud
conditions imbedded in the common
law and the statute book, unjust enact
ments aud tyrauuical penalties, which
would, as her elegant counsel atllrmed,
have remained there until tho day of
final doom, had not she and others
deprived of the right to vote on account unt thes ,,.., ' .i1Illl!re.i ami
of race, color, or previous conditiou of tho condition of women elevated there
servitude. Thus throwing around all by? "We would rise to a man in her
j ...i i ... . J lll-tn
w. -.unu ruii.3 ,uure auu a3 navmg come up itirougu tno urner- rjgnt to vote that colored male citizens aud inexjicrlenced Generals. The
uuiii, uuu mucu uau oeeu ner iiomc ior ent discouraging phases, to wnicu an j,avc jH this? Tor the very rea- woman's nights Conventions following
many years. Kneeling upon tue reforms are subject, lucluding the sneer- n,t 11lpv ,.. t,,f , , nilm judgment win ue liKe tne old Ami
Rofr. snrlni. onu i.p,.i ti, Irm-K-I, , i. r.t ri.itpi,ip . . . Ibiaverv conventions, when the t ugittve
1 -i a n " J iik iiuuae, nc iiu - pniorptl women in tup. im llnn-raiinntlt;!... uiu ir.. !..
... . I , . . , I ' i - I 1 1 1 luauc it.a tii,ivii vjiuiiuu
bit, uuu uu-jwiuu wiiu leiruaim.- 1 pliaSO 01 WCaK anu stliy oujecuoua, mo nrpvent tho whllp women from volin"
tion surcharged with olden memories, pliaso of reai aiarm alld anxious solid- They know ful, we ,hat tIlOMnieCon.
iub iut emiu oi birauBB vicisauuuta tuUe Uy ignorant, Honest, Xeopio uuu atifiiHnn that funnul tn 1ip rnlnrPil
v.m 1 ..1 r.. 1 M I ... ... . 1 1 1 I tln
.u.:u uut r SOui m u iu..B, ..ui prejudiceu bigots, uas siowiy won. i wonien citizens the exercise of her Con
prayer. Her dear old grandparents, the way lnto the understanding of tho peo- LM.IlMnn, -,,, ,,, ,innt. nUr.
D'Arcy estate, her faithful Bouncer and pi0 untu u has become the leading ques-
his equally faithful successor, thestrange tion of the civilized world. In our own
old music teacher and mysterious gov- country it has at last worked its way
erness; the gypsies aud their wierd, hnto the Supreme Court, the highest
wild auguries, which were so striking in court in the land, (from whoso decision
tbeir strange fulfillment; Iter poor sister nejtber the President nor Congress can
Sarah and her sad, hard life, tho victim dissent.) and there seeks its final solu-
of mistaken ideas all these passed be- tion. Final, did I say ? No! there is
fore her like a panorama; and then 8tiH a higher power than the Supreme
came the thought, "Arc men the natu- Court of the United States. That power
ral protectors of women? If so, wuy ja the will of the people. And when
am I so mucli better oil to-day man the neonle sav that all citizens. Irrcspcc-
when I was under tne tutelage oi a nus- tive of sex, shall be allowed to vote, and
band?" I shall be protected in the exerctseof their
She was not conscious of having I right to the ballot, then will the strife
citizens, male aud female, white and
colored, a full and sufficient protection
for the exercise of all tho rights of citi
zenship. How have theso Constitu
tional provisions been carried out in re
lation to the colored women citizens ?
Not one Stato in the Union lias as yet
admitted to the ballot box ono of its
colored women citizens, although no
one will deny that they have the same
defence," we heard a woman say, "be
fore they should take her to prison;"
and she was no. Woman's Rights wom
an, but the representative of an intelli
gent conservative class.
Even if Miss Anthoiiyaud the rest are
ultimately iardoued, the end nf the mat
ter come not with the President's sig
nature. Tlie incensed followers of Miss
Anthony will remind us that the defeat
at Bull Bun did not foreshadow the re
sult of the Great Rebellion, but lent the
needed impulse to undisciplined troops
guarantees to every other citizen the
exercise of the same right. Now, if no
citizen is bouud to criuge to a superior,
nor party, for any act of grace as a
means of enjoying all the rights aud
privileges eujoyed by any other citizen,
how can our Supreme Court expect to
deprive one half the citizens of these
United Stales of the exercise of their
rights of citizenship by deciding that
women citizens cannot vote? In other
words, that women citizens have no
rights that men citizens are bound to
respect. But let their decision be what
it may in relation to white women,
they, "and the whole power of tho na-
for the defense of human rights ami lib
erty. And who doubts that the spirit
kindled by that infamous bill secured
the hard-won but triumphal t victory ?
Jtocliater livening Express.
Progress of Woman's Eights.
Miss Anna Nichols, of Massachusetts,
has recently been appointed assistant
examiner of the Patent office. The
lady has for some time very creditably
tultilieu tite duties or clerk: and on tile
occasion of some vacancies in the cxam-
inershipsr site was one of several ladies
who competed fur places. All the can
didates were subjected lo general scien
tific examination as to tueir capabilities
for the position, aud four ladies passed
the ordeal with much credit. The Com
missioner, however, concluded to ap
point only one or tnem ror tlie present,
as a sort or experiment.
mere are lew unties conuecteu witn
the otieration of the Patent otllce but
mav be emcientiv penormea uy intent
gent women. It is all indoor work.
mostly of a fixed, clerical nature, for
which petticoats aro admirably adapted;
spoken aloud until the friendly voice of between the oppressor and the oppressed
Dr. GolT, in response to her Inquiries, cease, and our Government become, as it liou 'combed" connot deprive the
answered: should be, a Government of the people, .,.-,, . r tUa .,,,, of vof In
"Because your marriage was not of by tho whole people, and derlvo Its just nilpIJnl. r Woman Suflratre and If the Commissioner would make a
your own choosing, poor child. Men powers from the consent or the lv- . . , u b f more general use of them, he would set
are naturally the Pro.l7ors of women, erned. The friends of Human Progress S ?$n H ?, TvVp
but they very often go astray from na- are watching with anxious hearts the ra Ueestoall citizens alike the exer- more direct outdoor industries of the
lure's promptings, -uui yuu mu m uau- iirugresa ui mis ijui-suuu a ii, uutwuira . - .i.jr .jpi.ta of citizenship with- country, tor wnicu nieu are, uy nature,
r 1i - j I, .. i --ll. l. . r.. l.!..1..nl ..! "
gcr OI tailing into a jjreviuus cuui, uaci. uuu iuriu uciuiu uui uiiinv m-
child. Because ono man or ten men bunals; and prayers continually ascend
with whom you may have dealings fall that justice and equality may prevail.
to do their duty, that is no proof that The refusal of the five Chief Justices,
there are no good men." who constituted the majority In the de-
"Buttbelawsallfavorbadmen. Why cislous of the New Orleans and Brad
in- i f ,,
I c it notinnin Hi. nMMKul
.. .... . I WIIVktt.l.l II1VIM4LU.
out distinction or race, color, or previous At Canandaicua. in this State. Miss
condition, aud debars any State from Susan B. Anthony, who insisted that
Infringing upon tlie right of citizens, sue bad as good a right, to vote as any
mil n thn t?Litn nf New York his otl,cr man anU vt" aiu voto at tno ,ast
and as the btato oIAct lork uas elecl, ,jag been trjed and we t
sought to infringe thatnght by prosecut- to saV, fou,i EUilty, and fined forvio-
Ing Susan B. Anthony, a citizen of the hating the law. Judge Hunt decided
are laws made to screen wicked hus- well cases, to define wliat are tlie pn - , RL1, , ,, K, , Qf New that, although women were entitled to
bands, Dr. Goff? Good men need no lieges and immunities which accrue to Y . ror exerelalnir her richt to vote. Ue general rights of cHIzens. there w-ere
she being of mature age, aud neither au of j.-. York. as it stands, did not tiive
Idiot, lunatic nor criminal, and there- them, one of which was the privilege of
fore entitled to the full exercise of her voting, im Jaw must, in tne opinion
laws. Bad men should h nnnishod bv all citizens and which no Stato has the . , ' , , ... certain special privileges wn cn tno law
them." power to deny or abridge, shows conclu-
"I think, my child, that the law did Icluslvely that even they are ready and
very well by you. It gave you all you willing to concede to women the exer-
asked, remember." else of their right to the ballot just so
"it was not the law, but my own sa- soon as a case involving this question
gacity, If you will pardon the egotism." directly shall be brought before them
Audacity, tno community consid- for their decision. It is the pleasure to,
ered it, my child. But I think you as well as the nride of. every friend of ..7 .. ....
willnilmlt that all rood men l.wn e..ir .t. i -I constitutional.
Woman Suffrage that the honor of pre
senting such a case before tho Supreme
MontasaWomexEnfkaxciiiskd. when ho shall retire and thatdav. we
Court of the United States, has fallen Bv nn awkward mistake made by the understand, Is not far distant The lad v
on our renowned and able champion, the last Montana Legislature, that body in question is a female steamboat, so far
Susan B. Anthonv. Mav God sneed uuiiiienuim-. , a,. muh"Jlar!!-s
1 m Ttl Mil 111 lUlL'ILU U1IL11 111 L 1 1 IT lt!II 1LUI I .
instinctive desire to protect women."
Then good men are scarce," she re
"It is little wonder they are scarce,
my child. Aicn iook upon women as ner suit, and put It luto the hearts of The law which was passed declares that
property. 'My wife' Is just as much the our Chief Justices lo break the political "all male citizens of the United States
property of most men in their own idea yoke that is galling the necks of half above the ago or twenty-one years, and
as Is 'my horse,' or 'my dog.' " our citizens. May they learn that op- " W , " n TJi
Well," said Ellen, starting up, "this pression will in time work its own over- "uCh citizens, etc., shall have the richt
Is a strange time for such a conversa- throw. to vote." As au evidence of the wom-
tinn ns this. It is the last time we shall How strenuously our Government en's anxiety to vote, whether such
ill I oil lie nnu-nra in . t I UUX1CIV 13 uic.iuuoi. in t.-sai.-vi ui uui.
CVeruiWU" w "-"- l.iut mo-nr l,t. 'IVrrilnrv l.nvp
. . 1 lt. - 1 11 1 1 11 r 1 A I IAALIJ - ...... w
TaKing ucr nanu tue otu man oicsseu tno ovenuruw 01 icS aiavery, tnrow- Uieciired their intention to become citi
-r TT 4. I. -1 1 1. "
rtl. nf plitzMishln. wp rannot spb how ?l J.ul Se P.V"1' cuangeu oeioro iur
..t,... . , --. . rmin,n( leiiow citizens ran enlnvtlinm
tho Supreme Court can otherwise than solves at the ballot-box.
In tho meantime, the Commissioner
having wisely decided in favor of the
elozlblllty ot women as patent cxamin
ere, wo shall hope to see his decision
sustained and ratified hv the appoint
mcnt oi -miss .Yiunony as ins successor
decide in favor of impartial sufirage,
and we declare that the action of the
New York Court was arbitrary and un-
ber in a kind, paternal way, and said:
"In the glad regions of the life eternal
I hopo to-raeet you, child. Li vo tip to
your highest ideal of right. Bring up
Ing around it every protection iu Its zens in order to vote at tlie next elec
power. even to the crushing out of the tiou. If the foreign-born women of that
ACIllltJI Hwuiu un v...U IIIU.I illlUII-
llons tlius, anu men vote promptly, the
rights of the free States by forcing upon
them the odious fugitive Slave Law;
Legislature, we think, would bo too
....i.. I family in tho wav in which pvpii tho Sunrcme Court, deciding in its caliant to repeal tho law or correct au
J .--r- " . .1 .. l .. . I ...l.!t. ...lo.!. t ..latlH I. nn I..
they should go, ana wucn tlie toils or famous JJred Scott xiectsion, mat, tue w"t .... -,,'
lULjr duuu b , ,i,tf .ntp Uio long run. Of the Montana legts-
Hfe are over, your reward shall come." negro had no rights that white people jatoritmay yet be said that he built
Again the whlppoorwill sounded his are bound to respect, uuituo iea en ot better than he knew. Oakland Evening
sonorous notes, anu again a gusn oi nueny, wnicu our uuueaiu uuu imuj i iuiwian
aro concerned. She is, undoubtedly
competent to manage a dozen or two
sleepy Institutions like the Patent office,
We nominate ior commissioner or 1'at-
ents, Miss Susan B. Anthony, of New
York, anu .miss Anna .Nichols for As
sistant Commissioner. Scientific Amer
ican, Juiy out.
Tiiero is tue very nigiiest authority
forstatiug that Plymouth Church will
take no step towards Invcstlimtitnr in
charges against Mr. Beecher nor toward
calling Air. uowen to accouut for any
thing he may have said concerning his
pastor. Neither Mr. Beecher, Mr.
Bowen, nor Mr. Tilton will take any
further notice of the disagreeable scan
dal that hus been set afloat, and with
whlcll their names are more or less di
rectly associated. So far as thoy are
concerned, tne whole matter will be ig
nored and burled in silence- aud regret.
From the J. C. Kventng Journal, July 12.
Wonders in science and improvements
in mechanism will never ceae at least
we hone not. One of tlie mo9t im
portant and interesting subjects to the
people Is that of improving upon and
cheapening tlie motor powers used for
Fropelling car.s on horse railroads,
forses are expensive and slow; the
dummy engines hitherto used are noisy
and in some respects dangerous. Our
attention hns been called to a new in
vention, whereby it is claimed to be al
ready demonstrated mat compressed air
can be employed ns a motor power with
more emciency anu economy man any
other agency yet employed. Some of
me statistics and experiments are
rather startling. The Inventor of this
new machinery is the well known Hor
ace II- Day, of New York now, how
ever, temporarily residing in this city
and it is claimed not only by Mr. Day,
but by scieutiuc engineers and practical
mechanics and railroad men that Mr.
Day Iia3 really perfected a system of
rapid transit, which enables him to
transport, by the agency of compressed
atr, 41 passengers 11: miles at a cost tor
fuel less or man 10 cents ror tno whole
distance. He is getting up companies
to apply ins patents turougnout tne
cities of the United States. The follow
ing card, with tho estimates of his engi
neer, will be read witli interest:
THE COST OF COMPRSSSHD AIR ON CITY R.UI.-
IIOADS AS SUBSTITUTE KOK IIO.I3.F--i.
New Yokic, July 7, 1S73.
In response lo a request from Mr.
Beach, of the Pneumatic Railroad Com
pany, for the estimate of the cost of fuel
ror running my air power car on ins
proposed road, 1 reported from twelve to
sixteen cents per hour as the certain
outside limit of the cost to run a car
seating forty-four passengers. This re
port was deemed too indetinitc, aud
likely to be far inside tlie actual cost,
and he calls for the elements of calcula
tion, whereupon my engineer lias called
upon Mr. Beach, and now furnishes the
following report, which I print for tlie
edification of all concerned, renewing
my own conviction that I t an perform
more than double the service: that is. I
can, by the adoption of tny system of
rapid transit, transport double the mau
ler of passengers upon the Greenwich
Street Elevated Hal-road, (with cars
leaving eacli station every five minutes)
than can be done by steam as now used,
without increasing the aggregate cost.
It will require but superficial calculation
to show that the air power would not
reach oue-slxth of the cost of horses, for
the transportation of a like number of
passengers, now moved uy horse power
on ordinary city railroads, and the
engine by which this can be done is the
newly invented "Mauley Engine,"
which weiclis less than H50 pounds, and
works air expansively, in a manner bet
ter than by any engine ever before
built. Hokace H. Day,
CI Liberty street, New York,
Enrinccrs' Daft, Compressed Air
Jvwer Co., JLtciamater iron
Xciu York, July
Assuming a car with its passengers
and machinery at twelve tons, moving
Ii! miles per hour, or lOoii leet per
minute, the tractive force at 10 pounds
per ton equals la) pounds, then lajx
1050.33000 equals 3.S4 horse power,
actual duty; if we now add 20 percent.
for loss or engine or I-o of 3.S4, it will
stand as follows: 3.84-5 equals 77, and
.S4x77 equals 4.G1 engine power, in
cluding its own friction.
If we take Mr. Beach's estimate that
t will require six times this power to
pump the air necessary to drive the car
engine of 12 tons inclusive, then 4.01x6
equals 27.Wi horse power, say isa norse
power, and 23 horse power obtained by
an expansive high-pressure engine,
non-condensing, no steam jacket, using
pea coal at $2 50 per ton, will not ex
ceed 2.73 pounds of coal per liorse per
hour. 2.7ox'JS equals 77 pouuus, anu
2210.77 equals 29, aud S2 50 tlie cost
price ota ton ot pea coal tiiviueii oysa
equals S.G2-100 cents per hour, as the
cost of running a car of 12 tons, as above,
at 12 miles per hour. Note an engine
which I put up worked regularly with
out exceeding this cost per hour, high
pressure, expansive, aim no steam
acket. Air. lieach admits mat Eng
lish high pressure engines, with steam
jackets, have not cxceedet&two pounds
of coal per horse power per hour, and I
maintain that miiii pressure, expansive
and condensing engines with steam
jacket can be made to do full duty, year
nrter vear. nurnintr rea coal anu not ex
ceed oneantionc-uaii pounds oi coat per
horse power per hour.
uy itoyccs mode oi compressing air,
the loss resulting from the heat ot com
pression necessarily must be greatly
diminished. Witli asurface refrigerator
aud abundance of cold water, and the
condensation being effected at two oper
ations, tho saving from loss should be
double that resulting from compression
with one cylinder only, and if tue com
press is accomplished at three opera-
lir.no llinn ttm lr.&a i-oalllttnrf frrtryi llpnt
h.Jl7, -u .ujj wjui w..n ..V... ..WHW
should be three times less than the loss
from one cylinder, and tins loss by heat
being the greatest of all losses to contend
against. A great saving oCyower must
result from tins mode or compression;
bv careful experiment onIycan the
amount of this saving be correctly de
termined, but it may be roughly esti
mated that at least two-thirds of the
loss resulting from heat may be saved
by this means. Taking this view, I be
lieve that the compressed air ueing
worked expansively (.the inverse of com
pression), that 20 per cent, would be an
ample allowance for loss from heat; 20
per cent would be also ample for loss In
air engine driving tho car, aud 10 per
cent, for leakage and stoppages, making
a loss of 30 per, cent, altogether; there
fore it would reasonably ' appear that
a good engine with every advantage,
running constantly and doing a duty
of 10 horso power, should compress su ffi
cient air to run a 12 ton car. But In
order, to have a safe margin to meet
every contingency of stopping, teSt
and increased friction on inclined
planes, and possible extra leakages from
J...ipoQ.ipaa. T would prefer an engine
.Lnkio f working at the highest ad-
. o . l..t:p Tvitcnr nnil nnt
vautage up i" "-- i-v.M -exceeding
1 pounds of coal per horse
power perbour, or 3"i pounds of coal per
hour altogether, which, at $2 50 per
tou, would be 4.1S-100 cents per hour, as
total cost of -fuel to run a 12 ton car por
If wo now contrast this with the prac
tice hitherto adopted, viz: compressing
tlie air with a common non-expansive
engine, consumingat least 0 to 8 pounds
of coal per hour, per H. P., or from 4 to
5 times as mucli as above, and then us
ing tlie compressed air extravagantly,
or from 4 to 5 times more than is neces
sary to do the required work, it will be
mnntfpef. tlmf. Jt4 lfi nnd Sx5 25 that
from 10 to 25 times the amount of fuel
has been consumed more than necessary,
what wonder that people should become
prejudiced against compressed air as a
motive power. W-ir. S. Henson.
To H. H. Day, Esq.
A Brave "Woman.
Long Island has a heroine, and her
name deserves to be connected with Ida
Lewis. Tlie Sim tells of two men, John
Mason and a friend, whose boat cap
sized last Friday afternoon, near Eaton's
Neck light, opposite tho residence of
Mr. Couklin, a farmer. When the cries
for help were heard, we learn from tho
account In the Sun that Mr. Conklin
was away from home, and there were
only three women and a little boy in
the house. All rushed to the beach and
sw tho stnigglo of the drowning man,
but for a moment they were so paralyzed
that neither of them had presence of
mind enough to make a movement to
aid him. Then Miss Lucinda Conklin,
without stopping to consult her mother
or sister, wailed out into tlie bay, deter
mined to make one effort to save Ma
son. At this part of the bay the beach
is broad and shelves out very gradually.
so that the brave woman was enabled
to wade within a few feet of Mr. Mason.
But as she moved forward, clearing tho
ice from her path, the water deepened
little by little until at last when she
was only eight or ten feet from the man
she sought to save, only her head was
above the water. By this time Mason
showed signs of exhaustion. He clung
to the Ice for so long a time, that his
hands had become numb and almost
powerless, and Miss Conklin saw by his
ellorts to relieve his hands by placing
his elbows on the cake of ice,
that his chances of life were not worth
a minute's purchase. With a heriosm
seldom, if ever paralleled, she made a
plunge into the deep water, and with a
few vigorous strokes readied tlie drown
ing man. Although exhausted, he was
still sensible, and faithfully obeyed the
instructions givou him uy tne urave
woman. She had warned him against
seizing hold of her in such a manner as
to impede her motions; so when she
reached him, he placed his hands on
her shoulders, and in a few seconds,
thanks to her good swimming, both
stood neck deep in the ice-cold water
and began wading shoreward. As Atiss
Conklin reached the shore, she fainted
away and was carried to the house by
her relatives. .Mason, nearly frozen to
death, following in their wake. Miss
Couklin was thoroughly exhausted by
her exertions, as well as by the tremen
dous excitement under which she had
labored, and did not recover for two or
three days. Mason's companion stuck
manfully to the keel of tho boat, and In
due courso of time was hauled ashore.
Miss Conklin is a young lady, of about
the average size; but her country train
ing has imparted for her much more
than the average strength of her sex.
Although not beautitul, she is spoken
of as interesting aud jriquantc in style,
nnd is very popular in the neighborhood
in which she resides.
The Woman Snflragists.
We find all these good tilings in the
New York Commercial Advertiser:
When a jurist as eminent as Judge
Henry It. Selden testifies that he told
Miss Anthony before election that she
had a right to vote, aud thi3 after a care
ful examination of the question, the
whole question assumes new import
ance, aud Mr. Selden at once becomes
the central object of adoration by all the
gentle believers in woman's right to the
ballot. And when the same able iaw-
yeradvocates the cause of Miss Anthony
m the l imed States Lourw, there is
ibuudant reason why other men, both
lay and legal, should put themselves in
an attitude at least of willingness to
change their convictions upon this
topic, which now threatens to take on
very enlarged proportions. Tne points
made Iu the argument by Mr. Selden
are that the defendant had a legal right
to vote; mat even it no such rignt ex
isted, it sue oeueved sue had such a
right, and voted in such faith, that she
committed no olieuse; and lastly, ho
argued, that she did vote in pursuance
of such belief. The point that Miss An
thony had acted illegally only because
she was a woman, was well put. Had
her brother, under the same circum
stance, done the same thing, his act
would have been not only innocent but
laudable. The crime was, therefore, not
in the act done, but in tlie sex of the
person who did it Women, remarked
the Judge, have the same interest in the
maintenance of good government as
men. No greater absurdity, to use no
harsher term, can be presented to the
human mind than that of rewarding
men and punishing women for tho same
act, without giving women any voice
In the question of which shall be re
warded aud which punished. How
grateful to Judge Selden must all the
sullragists be! He has struck the
strongest and most promising blow in
their behalf that hasyet been given.
Dred Scott was the- pivot on which the
Constitution turned, before the war.
Mis3 Anthony peems likely to occupy a
similar position now.
Poultry KBErns'o tor Women:
There are many women who, especially
within the last half-dozen years, while
the price of eggs lias beett'stf high, make
money much faster by tending poultry
than by sowing. It is an occupation
especially suited to women, because it
involves patience and constant details
rather than strength. Then, again, the
hardest thing for many men to learn,
in handling either poultry or bees, is
gentleness. How many times we have
seen boys, and men with no more sense
than boys, jerk hens roughly from their
nests, euter the poultry houses abruptly
and frighten the occupants till they
rush into tho furthest corner, and keep
the poultry community in constant agi
tation and distress. But all domestic
animals appreciate the manners of fe
male attendants, when they are fortu
nate enough to be cared for by them.
fCnw ttiorn nm Tvnmpti mirdetiers aud
florists who, by commendable industry
and business qualities, have risen to
eminence in these callings, and while
ono of tho most successful beekeepers
iu the world is a woman, we : hope to see
11 11U3 JllUlCll"
nrofU tho keeping ot uuc iun.j
Panov is elesant pastime, very popular
withJEtHanf ladles, and we see no rea
son wtiy the fashion should not bo
adopted in this country;-ExK