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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
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HK3. x. J. UHMvr.1T. Editor and rrijilctor
OFriCE-Cor. Tront and Stark Slrret.
TERMS, IN ADVANCE :
BY FLORENCE MUICV.
Against the ourtnlned )anc, beloved,
Tlie snow bents thlek anil fa;
The wild wlFidtefrorrrnvful refrain
Is telllnjofthe Iai-t.
And In tbeold fnnilltiirrlialr,
JVsWe the Irenrth-flrr stow,
I sit and King the tender air
You loved m long ago.
Ah, often Mnee, tin- spiring, beloved,
link bloomed alxve jour rest,
I breathe the vrer-t old Mttig, that Siuj-
IUell within my brel
Ak elittdren, In tlie elerls days
"When Winter darkly lower-,
Itetrnoe the grdeu' sodden waya,
And talk of lafct year"a flowers.
It never seemed to you, lielovej,
When we walked ltand In luinj,
Amid the mnOilne and the dew.
Of youth enehanted land
It never teemed to you or me
That I ctMiM nius ur ) tulle.
If you were lying olrcntly ,
Within your grave the while.
We thought we could not lire, beloved.
If we -were torn aart
That earth would have no more to give
To either stricken heart:
Alas! the cliaivtte that time has wrought !
Yourgrave lias held you king.
And In n home when you are not
I sing the dear old sonc!
Io you look back to me, Ieloved,
Krora out yimr hapriy pliere.
And deem me false, that I con be
Alive, and you not here;
Death does not slwayx bring Its balm
To every aching 111
IJfe may imthud It denrect charm.
And heart-break does not kill.
It would have been the Mime, beloved.
Had I been first to die
Another love had worn your name.
More dear, erchanee, than I;
Ah, after all these weary yir..
Would you more constant be ?
And would you drop these bitter tears
And sing the "one for me 7
n wti r if inn miir era r ri im
KltK PPEWIt, FflEE I'Kr., FKF.lt "EOPI.E.
rOTCTJVNT), OREGON, IRXTA.Y,' .TXJLY 11, 1873.
ELLEN DOWD, THEFABMER'S WIFE.
Entered aeeordlng to the Act of Congrats In
the year 1672 by Mrs. A. J. Duniway, In the of
fice of the Librarian of Congress ill Washington
Jacob Grahnm, the husband of dear
Aunt Retsey, had become an old man,
infirm in mind and body. As the hus
band or her more than mother, who
now lay quietly sleeping under the
snow-drifts in the village grave-yard,
poor Ellen loved and reverenced him.
The horrid imputations of guilt, which
he and she were not only compelled to
endure in private from the angry lips of
Iter husband, ami -which shocked her
senses till her poor enfeebled brain
reeled for a season under the cruel blow,
had now become public, and the revela
tion stung the hitherto apathetic woman
into sudden resolves and deed., so un
like the lethargy of many previous
months that she wa3 herself astonished.
She received the "writing of divorce
ment" with a hard, cold smile. As the
magistrate, at her request, read the con
tents aloud, she betrayed emotion by a
nervous tremor of her eyelids, while her
heart gave n great thump, and then
Monotonously the man of law read
on : "And the plaintiff further prays
that the custody of the children be
granted him as a natural right, that
they may be kept entirely free from the
rnntaminatimr influence of such a
mother. He also prays"
"My God!" shrieked Ellen, starting
up. "He don't mean that I'm a vile,
wicked thinn not fit to see my own
children! The law cannot, it surely
will not take advantage of a poor, weak
woman! I'd have left the monster Jong
ago if it hadn't been for my children!
And now he must not, shall not teach
them to despise me!"
Believing his plethoric jaws of an e:o
tra load of tobacco juice, the magistrate
"You see, the crime you are charged
with is a very grave one. You have
forfeited all right to your husband's
property or children."
Ellen did not scream or faint. Rising
slowly and confronting the stolid fea
tnres of the man, she stood before him
with haughty dignity. Until then she
had not fully comprehended the awful
humiliation of her position.
"Tell Peter Dowd that I despise and
defy him! He knows I am not guilty
of this sin. lie knows me too well to
imagine such a horrible thing."
"Appearances aro all against you,
madam. A woman would hardly leave
one man's house and go to another's
without something was wrong with her
and the other man."
Ellen grasped a great iron poker that
stood, as it had for many years, against
the old jamb-stone, and sprang at the
fellow with tho malignity of a tigress
robbed of her whelps.
"I left Peter Dowd'a house and mine
because something was wrong with
mm," site said earnestly. "I never
meant to speak, but the truth is being
wrung from me"
"Don't tell me any more, woman,"
was tlie quick admonition. "You aro
not required to criminate yourself." and
the look given her was half suspicious
and half amatory, causing a burning
Indignant blush to mantle her cheeks
like a name.
"Leave the house at once, you das
tardly, vile, abominable wretch!" she
exciaimeu, ueiwcen iter tightly set
. "j,iy naning, you'll spoil your pretty
teethj" ue repneu Willi a coarse laugh.
backing out oi tne nouse as lie spoke.
As soon ai he had gone, Ellen's
thin lips grew relaxed and white, ami
tho transparent fingers mechanically
clapped themselves across her aching
eyes. She now fully reanr.eu me lact
that she must meet sucit an orticai as
would to heaven never came to any
other woman than Ellen Dowd.
"Dlssraced! Ituined! Robbed!" she
moaned, and when Uncle Jacob entered
tho house, stomping the snow from his
boots as ho came, he found her seated
upon the floor, repeating over and over
the tlreadful words.
Tlie blight of a keen disgrace settled
itself tqyin "the kind, good heart of Un
cle Jacob like a funeral pall. He had
no courage to resist the accusation after
he had fully comprehended its import.
With his chin buried in his breast, as
though guilty of deeds from which his
inmoit soul shrank Insthictlvcly, he
murmured, "Jfy heart is broken, Ret-
sev. 1 snail go to you. iou win not
believe mo guilty. Here is something
for you, poor child. I've been to town
and fixed it," tossing Ellen a package.
When the rosy-hued sun of the morn
ing crept over the snow-wrapped ma
ples, while yet fitful wind gusts howled
down the chimney and through the rus
tic gables of the old log house, Katie
Hamilton went to his room to call the
old man to his breakfast As she
opened tho door a startled scream es
caped her, which drew Ellen to the
Stark and etifT upon the bed he lay,
his hands folded peacefully above his
breast, his eyes half closed, and a sweet,
radiant smile upon his face that was in
itself a refutation of guilt.
Gossip in tho neighborhood was at its
height. A few, rough, honest-hearted
friends assembled in response to Jakio
Hamilton's hurried alarm, but not one
woman in tho vicinity could be induced
to enter the house.
"He's a judgment of the Iord for his
wickedness," said one.
"Xo wonder he died," commented an
other. "I always did think he had a
"I'm sure I've thought for a long
time that something wrong was going
on in that. house," said a third, with a
look that meant volumes, while a
fourth, who dared to hint that the
whole story might be faNe, was most
scornfully rebuked by tho pious tattlers.
Ellen moved about the house with a
quick, nervous step during the prepara
tions for the burial. Her hand shaped
the elegant little ornaments with which
the plain, maple coffin was adorned,
and which gave to the pure, white locks
upon which they rested around the
smiling, wrinkled face an air of added
rest and comfort. These little acts of
human kindness were inlcrpreled as
fresh evidence of guilt by the jaundice
eyed neighbors, who felt that their own
purity would be enhanced by deep
anathemas against the dead. Every
innocent and natural act of the poor,
hunted woman was magnified by the
spectacles through which these people
looked into some demonstration of utv
vlnoa nviir flu. front it-inlii -urn lipfinl. !
aecomimnied by the sound of snapping
twig. Presently a dark shadow flitted
past the window, and the Doctor, hur
rying to the door, saw the retreating
form of the magistrate who had served
reter Dnwd's summons upon Ellen, his
wife, as the sneaking poltroon climbed
the fence and skulked along tho way.
"That devil's after no good, I'll war
rant," said Dr. Goll. "Ellen, my poor
child, it will not do for you to remain
"Rut I trifZ remain here, sir! I cau
defend myself, with Uncle Jacob's gun.
r will nptiSf hounded from this home."
"It is not your home, my poor child."
Suddenly reminded of the package
that had been given her by Uncle Jacob
as the last act of his life, she nervously
searched and found it, but when about
to break the seal, Dr. Go IT restrained
"If it should be a will, my dear child,
and you should tamper with it without
due form of law, you might invalidate
"True. I did not think of that. I
think the angels must have sent you
here, for I should have opened the pack
age if you had not come."
While they were considering the snp-
i i i .. r . I . 1 . 1
Jakie Hamilton came in.
"I thought, Aunt Ellen," he said,
cheerfully, "that I'd come and stay
with you to-night Father said there
would be nothing Improper in it, but
why it is right for wc and wrong for
Katie I'm sure I don't see."
"Yon don't believe I'm wicked, do
"Xo, but but"
"You mean to say your father doeV
"Yes, but he'll soon change his mind.
I'll be of age soon, and then I'll take
you out of this accursed neighborhood,"
said the boy, protectingly.
Dr. Gofl soon left them to their soli
tary surroundings, musing as ho went.
He had grown old in the service of hu
manity in his limited sphere, and was
more philanthropic, because of his pro
fession and the insight it had given him
into the needs of men and women,
than were his less fortunate associates.
Address of Mary E. Eastman.
Dr.t.tvrnEn iieporf; the stw r.xot.ANn wosi-l
AN SrFKKACIK ASSOCIATION IN DOSTO-V, MJI1
INO ANNIVKKSAKY WEEK.
A piquant writer says "To stay in
one place among people who are per
fectly used to you, and hammer away at
the same old sins, with the same old
truths, and yet strike fire that is
work." My friends, we have work to
I am humiliated to stand before an
intelligent audience almost a hundred
years after the Declaration of Inde
pendence, to feel the need of aruuintr.
I'trst, mat an itiimuu ueuiga are uorn
free and equal.
Secondly, That women arc human
Thirdly, 'mat principles reany appiy
And yet, to litis complexion has it
come at last. Our movement has passed
through various stages and we have had
a scoro of reason.", so-called, first and
last, against our demand for equal
richts. which wo tnlcht classify as did
Charles Sumner the apologies for the
crime against Kansas, as "tne reason
tyrannical, the reason Imbecile, the rea
son absurd, and the reason Infamous."
A careful consideration of opposition
arguments from the pulpit, the press,
and lasllv from tho Massachusetts lecls-
laturo, has failed to furnish one which
mount be Included under these heads.
One Hon. gentleman in the House of
Representatives, during the lale dis
cussion on Woman SuIfraKC, confessed
that the phrase, "Taxation without rep
resentation is tyranny," had an ugly
found; but by a delicate piece of soph
istry, ho put the ugliness out of sight,
by claiming that the principle was
really limited in its application. Ho
explained that with resiK-ct to men the
connection between the ballot and
taxation lias only to do with the poll
Only with the tax on heads! Did yon
ever notice how modestly gentlemen
sometimes refer to the trilling matter of
Considering that the exes dillered
morally and intellectually as well as
nhvsicallv. the question to be considered
seems to be this: How can woman best
exert iter Influence on man ? With the
clinching argument that if women vote
it would be necessary to enlarge town
houses, (and by the way his town had
just built a new one) the great principle
set down by tho fathers had been dis
Another, a Rev. gentleman, argued
that the admission of women to legisla
tion would tiracticallv nullify tho repre
sentation of men. since no man, of
whatever rdnss. would onnose a woman.
even in debate. I thought the gentle-
In 1774. by Lord George Germain, in a 1 for its accon)plihmqnUrlf -sa dis-
'"."."'"J.':. ... I ..t-:... t.uc.t line rmriMisi'fca rtrufeuse.
debate in Parliament, on a motion to
alter the charter of Massachusetts.
"I cannot think (lie saiu) tne nonie
Lord," (referring to Lord ortli the
Premier) "will do a better thing than to
put au end to the town-meetings in the
colony of Massachusetts. I would not
have men of a mercantile cast, every
day, collecting themselves together and
debating about political matters. 1
would nave mem tunuw mur wcujia
tions as merchants, and not consider
themselves as ministers of that country.
They have, sir, no government. 'I heir
proceedings are tuuse m a lumuiiuuus
and riotous rabble, who ought, if they
had tlie least prudence, to follow their
mercantile employment, and not trouble
themselves with polities and govern
ments, which they do not understand."
..t:. tiuci tipr.YiiiriMise is'a'nrefense.
The contrast we 'find- fietweon the
.,!,it niin I;iu and the 'nrfiUjstations
of speech reminds. tnetitTthc Md-.trick of
Oiaticers tux. . -
"Jitfr cf hoinuuifoiiji'SfOr1 ( Om
an Is man's perplexity.) . .
-M.ulame, the t.eHteneetiHhelrttlii Is
Woman I- m.iniu ' Joy and umiiueS blisn."
I believe that the claims ve make are
within our grasp when women will it.
Men want the respect and approval of
women; but they will win them at the
cheapest market-rate. If they c-.tu deny
to woman's skilled labor the compensa
tion which would enable the worker to
keep her carriage, and then soothe their
souls by olfering her, so long as she is
nrettv "nnd well dressed, a seat in a
, hote-car if they can so regulate laws
A Journal for the People.
lwvote.1 to the Interests or Iumsnlty.
Independent In Politics and Religion.
Mlve to all IJve Issues, and Thoroughly
Radical In Opposinc nnd Exposing the Wrongs
ol the Manses.
Correspondents writing overnwumed flns
tures must make known their names to the
Editor, or no attention will be Klven to their
..... ' ...i . i..t,.iu that tliov absorb into tiieir possession
this arcument doesn't sound a hundred the results of her labors and cares in the
vears old. Rut we will remember that , home, front t he day of marriage, anil se
the colonists did not therefore leave the i cure her smiles by doling it oid- to her
town-meetings, and go back to their as the price of winning arts, and well
cornfields and their counters! Xordoes! timed persuasions when she wants a
it accord with tho Christian idea of , new bonnet, or a trip to the sea-side. If
oct- .vim iw.nr.fit tlioUhev can shut the doors of Harvard,
State will receive from making us eitl- ( with its capital of live millions, inelud-
lug libraries, gymnasiums, museums
tml coat iv apparatus, anil yet win me
I-rotlilng iam, in nis-Jtise ot tne - . , . ; . ..j- - .omen
tne ... . . -.. . . . -. .
tho vlllniro bolfl. ho oneniin- i man nittot live above the sphere of the
tercd the magistrate upon the doorstep ny'Xrl
whom he had recognized under Ellen's ,he ,i10:kjn, account of a police-
window early in the evening, btemiy : man, who assailed his wire with blows,
t lm nt.i mnn enllnl tlii siimklmr dntr to returning nine times to the attack; yet
an account for his act.
The man of the law shrugged his
shoulders, looked wise and suspicious,
and said "it was his duly to collect
what evidenco ho could by the time the
trial for divorce should come round."
that nolicetnan was one of the zrnanliatis
of the public peaceln thecllyof Lowell;
a man who, if sickness or death made it
necessary for one of our lady physicians
to pass through that city in the night,
was her officially appointed protector. I
wondered by what exception to the rule
tho Hon. irentleman who offered the
"Have you been to Peter Dowd's to argument himself, stood there opposing
spy into tho windows there, you sneak ; a petition signed and argued by women.
.: ,. , , .i t . ! I do not propose to consider the argu-
thlef?" asked the Doctor in a rage. j mclt to wU,ch we rccenliy listened in
Tlie cowani raiscu nis cane to sirtue iic House of Representatives, some oi
him, but encountering tlie steady gaze
of the grand old man for an Instant, he
quailed and walked away, muttering,
"I'll get even, old man."
which were doubtless offered In sin
cerity, nor the cruder words of taunt
and insult which I do not like to recall.
Rut those arguments answered conclu
sively the ntiestions asked there and
if women want tne
holy passion, and when the simple
burial rites were over, and Llleu aud
her niece retraced their steps to the
lonely cabin home, they were met at
the door bv Ziek Hamilton, who, to
add to the poor creature's persecution,
took Katie away "lest she should be
disgraced by contact with a fallen
Ellen Dowd had suffered so much
that she could scarcely feel tho weight
of an additional sting, yet when Katie,
in tears, gathered up her clothing and
the simple keepsakes that the loving
hands now cold In death had given her,
and as she started away in the gloam-
ing,.not daring to look in the eyes of
her poor, persecuted aunt, tne lonely
creature locked and barred the doors,
nt down before the blazing lire of
loss and wept in silent bitterness.
. . - !.-? c t-i.t : 1. - iitvri...
Anritirr minor tiiiviitr intiii jiimk ituii i t'lsi'ivuiiL'. ivii.
the Doctor, Ellen Dowd dech.ed I not to I SiZ:
open I tide Jacob's will until the time . t wJiat a fearful cost wc were using
for the trial for divorce should come. cvea the right of petition, since, though
Relwem tho three the existence or the jour country boasts no more honored
i. r ii t..i.i.n, i names than were sinned to that aniK-ai,
WIIMl.un (,ared that th(.y--wh0
and a new gossip, in which the Doctor's asked for thlg rJf;ht were n01y tIle
name and Ellen's figured, became the mentally and morally poor." I did not
all-aborbing theme. wonder, wuen we wno were strangers to
Pniitr Tones vis very bu.v iii the i our opponents were made to feel so
IoII Jones t.as yrj busy in me kcclIj tho opprobrium they keep for
home of Peter Dowd. Her strength or women wi,0 presume to ask to be men's
body equaled her jwwer of will, and she peers, that women to whom these men
nubile " ably traces the chance in
ideal of social order, from the time it
rested on the assumed inequality of
man when the Individual was valued
only as he was of service to tlie State.
This was the pagan idea and gave way
only when Christianity came, witti its
central idea that man was created in the
divine image and that in the eye of God
all tnsn were equal, which led to the in
ference that man is superior to tne otaie,
which ought to be fashioned for his use.
It was not till after the Reformation
that there arose a clas of thinkers who
grasped the idea that the State ought to
exist for the individual.
Xor is justice done in the asMirance
Hint the ballot will be accorded us when
all women ask it . .
There were, In some or the colonies,
laws Imposiug penalties on absentees
front elections, showing a conviction
that It is the duty of all citizens to share
In public affairs. There are those who
favor such regulations now, as one
means of averting the peril in which
our nation stands. Moreover, since
fnrtv iut rent, of the men did not vote
at the last Presidential election, what
tvmiM lier-mnn. of the ritrht of those who
did not if it were forfeited on as slight
grounds as ours is denied?
Yet women can only be charged with
lacking the spirit to claim opportunity,
in the face of bitter opposition, while
two-firths or the men are guilty of neg
wiiiir. in us,, the ontMirtunlty their
futhers bequeathed them at the price of
blood nnd treasure.
Rul, earnestly as I would appeal to
men, yet more earnestly and inipres
nlvi.lv would I nnneal to women! It U
to our demand that thU concession
will be made and to it alone. I do not
forget the difficulty or the task before
us. Rut, remembering that a hundred
vears ngo this day, the men of Roston
were pushing their iwililieal action to
the Issue or independence, at tlie mouths
or hostile cannon, I tni't that, In the
same great caiiM-, and with the same
noble spirit, we nro ready to push ours,
even under the cannonade or hostile
Upon the frecf, happiest, most for
tunate woman before me, I call; upon
those whose well-being makes it espe
cially Incumbent upon them to ri-e to
broader considerations titan "What
shall I eat, what shall I drink, and
wherewithal shall I bo clothed?" Let
us not forget that there are thousands
who staud where the temptation is to
preservo domestic peace, to keep their
only chance of bread-winning even to
retain possession of thelrchildren seals
their lips, aye, acts like an opiate upon
brain ami conscience, jwt i caruvsuj
as will pledco themselves to make re
turn ill leacuinjJi uy Kv,"i; "aas1"
opportunities of a Xormal School, they
will give her nothing more, j visneti a
Xormal School last summer, and I think
tlie small case of philosophical appar
atus which I saw was its all, while its
art gallery and cabinet of natural his
tory consisted of a plaster Clyte on a
shelf in one corner, balanced by a hor
net's nest on a corresponiiing shell m
another. If man can soothe woman by
lauding with his lips the divine inllti
ence of motherhood while he abuses his
power to defraud herof the ownership or
the past that such will be the price ot
exchange m me ititure.
There are Indications that woman's
regard is not to be so lightly purchased.
Ignorance and prejudice are the strong
hold or the present condition otatlairs.
As rapidly as intelligence and thought
fulness spread, a feeling of revolt springs
up In women against such Injustice.
Hitherto women have learned the laws
nflectintr them only when some hour of
bitter trial has revealed to them, as in a
lightning Hash, nt once their misery
and their nowerlessness.
It Is time that something beside the
desperate emergencies of life developed
I ask no surer way to bring about
nubile sentiment which will eive repre
sentation to women within a decade of
years, than to make the general laws
which oner personal property mm po
litical interests a study in our High and
Xormal Schools. Let it take rankwirh
the study of the crust or the earth, the
motions of the planets or the form,
structure and habits of the lower orders
of animals. 1 should like to see the
logical acumen, and keenness or pene
tration which one may witness, any
day, in our Girls' Xormal Schools,
broucht to bear on this subject Re
sure, the facts would be seed-grains of
thought, which would hot perish in
mental soil so rich.
When I listened, last summer, to re
marks or prominent gentlemen to Xor
mal School graduates, I wondered at
the little credit for thoughtfulness they
gave to pupils so well trained. When
one spoke, with a significant and gra
cious shake of the head, of tlie danger
lest women should quite crowd men oil
tlie educational track, since, already,
there were seven ladies tt-acliing in
Massachusetts to one man, did lie con
sider that his listeners were saying to
"Yes, but these protected seven must
serve you for the compensation of three
.linen." They forget that to them was
open the report of the Rurcau or Statis-
hardly right to ratify my friend's senti
ment at the expense of justice.
Our great national experiment stands
to-day in peril. Every heart must sink
at the frequent manifestations of cor
ruption in high places as well as low.
In our largest commercial city, in our
halls of Congress, proof piles on proof
that there is rottenness at the core. I
sec but one hope. Before it is too late
we must learn our errors. We must be
what we are vainly striving to seem.
I believe in a Republic, but not in a
name whicli is a lie. We are false,
when wc call this Government by so
grand a name, aud it is a falsity which
is eating away ourXationol life. We
need to ponder well Cicero's noble words,
"Sine sutnma iustitia remnublicam geri
a nullo modo posse." Without the high
's ' est justice a republic can in no way be
The pressing necessity of our cause is
not only the work or the platform, but
of tlie homes. Xot only shpuld we ue
logic, or write essays; all (hat has been
done and done again. What tlo we
learn Jiy it? tli.it women have
brains? Men knew that before. What
is needed is a race of women who are
willing lo testify that they don't like
slavery, who find in their souls some
thing which rebels against mastership
enforced by law. We want souls at
white heat with this love of liberty.
Such souls alone worthily praise God
for the Imon of existence.
Women have been falsely trained to
consider that their duties aud their in
terests ended with the care of the family
and the culture or self. From this we
aro gradually recovering. Tlie appeal
to woman now is, not to hold her best
powers out of the reach or humanity.
It is not enough to lift the heart in as
piration. The helping hand must be
readied down to the humblest
it is tho lnrv of our Aire that more
than any other, it is seeking to lay all
that i- high anil nouie at tne ieei. oi Hu
manity. This is the very spirit or
Christ, who did not cherish his virtues
aloot but showed them to us under a
erown ot thorns, who were then not as a
kingly robe, but made them the sinning
drapery or the cross.
With His purpose may we take up
our work. Into His spirit may we be bap
won gradually upon the weak nature of stood m tne relation oi uusuanu, miner,
the legal husband of poor, disgraced El- j 'ef- wSm'ub wilil
leu until he became her slave as truly I Krter ami shame.
as he was a slave
appeal to women njioir whom t he iieeti , is7--whlch, after not-
of daily bread doe? ; not press so heawlj, . , rrihtfully small earnings of
to women whose "' vo.neu in variousi departments of in-
above the plane at law, so that thought j malhmta mmer the head or
and nctlon are as free as if no unjust , .,-, Ioiiai:ti
She was more thrifty aud tidy than El
len had been for years, because her vig
orous strength enabled her to endure tho
toil. Tho children of the household re
spected whilo they feared her, aud the
hired man voted her a success as cook.
i ir we could trust protestations,
were certainly entitled to expect a more
favorable action from tlie Republican
party than wc received. Yet I was per
sonally much less disapiKilnted than
many of our friends. Legislators are
exponents of an average public senti
ment. Onlv now and then a Slltlllieror
a Wilson is strong enough to be a leader
Sometimes Ellen would wrap herself , or jt. r ,j0 ,10t thiiik Unit Woman Suf-
Rlessed tears ! 'lhey come to mortals ctosejy to protect her shivering frame frage is tho seutimeiit of the body of the
oft when but tor them the o er-tneu ; from ti,e chilling winds, and wandering peopie io-uay. me uuttimaui-u
brain would lose its balance, and the n.ro.mh the snow to the banks of the 'A1 rPr&"'
sufferer become a raving subject of dis
A loud rap at the door terrified her.
Starting up, she examined the locks to
see that all were fast, and sat down
panting in her chair. Louder grew the
raps, and soon the well-remembered
voice of Dr. GofT, who, having been ab
sent on professional business, had failed
to return in time for the burial, was
heard in hearty tones entreating her to
let him enter. With sudden hope she
undid the fastenings, and the good old
Doctor, witii sadness in his face nnd
voice, began to denounce the poor suf
"You are the first person who has
said one word in my favor or given me
one spark of encouragement," said she,
"It's the way of the world," he said,
bitterly. "Men nnd women are con-
thoughtless aud the seekers for popu
larity, are all ngalnst it I think It Is
Mackinaw, would take shelter behind
a friendly tree where she could hear the
One day, ns she was listening thus,
she saw little Rob, her pet, go toddling
up the Icy steps, nnd while she gazed,
with her heart in her throat and tho
yearning mother-agony of her whole
belnc reachlntr out for him, tho little
fellow fell. His sharp, quick scream , adverse action or the Legislature! If
was followed by the MentoJ
me uoor, wncn me iiouse-Keeiier, wmi
TWrli-tir.iw dixirraccd our statue-books.
Tlie world would persuade us that the
question of rights is superfluous to
woman, that wo have attained to some
thing beyond that, to protection. If
this were true, is it houorable, under
any circumstances save invalidism or
imbecility, for an adult class to be con
tent with the positiou tr a protected and
governed chissv for one, i oeiicic in
no one's rights in another's keeping.
As the Colonists claimed liberties that
were beyond the domain or king or Par
liament, so we claim liberties beyond
the ilnmriins of Legislatures.
ir a right to the unrestricted use or our
f-ipiiltli'M be not such, what is? If the
right to the ownership or our earnings
bo tint such, what is? If tlie mother's
right to the child she has borne be not
siir-li. what is? I do not hesitate to say
that the man or woman who does tmt
want liberty, has no high hieai, tor sucu
mi ideal ojinnot be worked out in bonds.
As well, with fettered limbs, might tlie
to-day the sentiment of the leaders or mettled horse try to run the race, or the
the people anil is rapuuy becoming mat gnnaui " " "; , - ;
of the intelligent classes. With the We are constantly told that won
people then, Is our work, not with the byticrioity mora ui w.u
legislators. If we want a good picture cacy of her perceptions, is man s savior,
reflected, we do not go behind the mir- Men tell us this ami prove their con-
ror to produce it, but to tlie subject be- viction by depriving her, as far as tlie
"' i.' ' J e dn so bv fes slatlon. of every oppor-
1U1U L 1 1 IT IIItlLlT. I
the everlasting broom in her hand, stood
over the screaming child and struck
him violently, scolding like the terma
gant that she was. Blood was oozing
from the nostrils of tho child, while
from a deep gash in ids fore-head the
crimson How came in a steady stream.
All the mother-heart or Ellen Dowd
was roused. Like an enraged lioness
she crossed the Mackinaw upon the ice
scious or so many sins of their own that i jn icss time than it takes to tell It, and
they are ever ready to accuse oiners to springing to the side ot her prostrate
cover up their own evil deeds. What child, caught him In her nrm and
do you intend to do?" straiued him to her heart
Ellen looked np dreamily. Reader mine, I could not sully these
"Ihavcn't thought or doing anything, ' columnswithtliefrIghtriiltiradcofabu.se
lt us not take too much to heart the
entitled "The Christian Common
wealth" on account or its republican
sentiments. In 1873, It rehises to apply
tlie republican sentiments which it pro
fesHes. The principles it disclaimed in
1C01 it fought for in 1770. The refusal to
nnnlv the nrlnclnles It professes In 1873,
It will blush for before the end of the
Itttri..- .:!! II. a Wnmon difPrnrrlttta
"- ..- ....... , 1"--, .i, .!, rnr
do now?" said a prominent lioslon strange inversion,
dally, when on r motion was lost in the stronger sex palliates moral wcauness,
Legislature. Do now? Why prlnci- while that for the weaker sex demands
iii.ntv- n make her iiifiuenco effective.
They exhaust language In lauding her
augeiio iiiicuus ui ...... ......
their sincerity by making her the help
less victim of tho worst passions with
which the most brutish man may be
cursed. They call woman man's pre
server, and the common speech In the
tintrit nf A dam. finds some woman
guilty whenever man Is weak. Rut we
live in a society, which, though it bc
itnva In one God. and reads one Rible,
keeps two codes or morals, one for man,
and another wr women, tei uy a
.imimn invorsion. the code for the
legislature. a , ' " "..V' n for both. To
e not cnaiiaen. vine woiuu sun- morni Miciigm ...- -
..... ... . i . . i nmiirn nf mniipv tile
pose we I nu niliicrio povesseu me oai- man it gives m , ' ', " iii' ,ir
"In manv places the wajres or teach
ers are no larger than, aud sometimes
not so large, as those or other worK
women, but the condition or their em
ployment is vastly different from that
of the workers in the shops and manu
factories or our iargectlies. in most in
stances teachers have relatives or
friends, witii whom they cau spend
their vacations withoutexpeuse, so their
yearly earnlugs, though small, repre
sent a mticu ueiicrcoiiuuiou oi me tuan
that of the needle woman or machine
operator, whose wages may reach a
So, it seems, that Massachusetts has
not only au iguorant and thriftless
pauper class in her alms-house but an
industrious, educated, half-pauper class
in her school houses; the lady teachers
of the State, who, for three months in
the year, must eke out their scanty
earnings by the favor or friends. j
As one who has belonged to that body,
I protest, not merely against so dispar
aging a classification, uut against the
conditions which make such a classifi
cation possible. I pray to be spared the
humiliation of ever hearing a lady
teacher falter in obedience to custom,
"I have all the rights I want."
The woman who came to us for a day's
work last week, the temperate, hard
working mother of five children, told
me that she never failed to be at work
before 5 o'clock in the morning and
worked steadily till 10 o'clock at night
Xevcr an hour to herself. Sventeen
hours, you perceive. She said that she
could come to us only when her hus
band was away from home, for he
wanted her to work on their land when
her house-work was done.
"Hut that gives me no money," she
said, "and the chllders want so many
Hor seventeen hours a day did not as
sure her a dollar, except as she stole her
time from iter master. -iu iue iruiis ui
their market produce were his, to dole
out to her, or to Keep, as ue enoosu. My
....... - M ... . t m .... ... ,n Iia. In T.inr nl lH P
lot and had lost it. Uh, no! e have . support ami uu oro '-" friMn,i. . nrofWssor of theolozy, told me
a ..t n ii a niirsi iiiiiiiiiiiciinit .- --- i i - - . . .
in iiiiirsLitT nu -- i i ,i
sir. This whole trouble tias taiien upon
me like an avalanche. I left the house
of reter Dowd, which by all moral
richt is mine as much as his, to protect
myself In my feeble health lrom connti- , screaming child from
blal oppression that I was not able to ' arms, nnd dealing her
endure. Peter knew all about it, aud
swore that ho would be avenged. Faith
fully has he kept his vow."
A rustling in the denuded, Ice-laden
that that coarse woman heaped upon
poor Ellen Dowd at the threshold of her
own hard-earned home. Peter Dowd
rushed upon the scene, caught the
blow, entered the house and slammed
the door, bidding her, the vile , to
be gone about her business.
(To be continued.
.i. ..i. i il in the uaminc-house or . a wniie ago,
'"u.". V."" t, imnn lt denies I have the law
t ie oi-s"j,. , .. j..como of
the favor o tne ,, j-- . - - . . ,f ,tw
only submitted the Intelligence nnd the
justice or the representatives of Massa
chusetts to the test; if they failed to
bear it, we must go on with renewed
.i a iin,u . n.ti. Hie mlMitieMt ouiicatlous
Ul'Clll'I ICI VUI H HCII rlfcJ VH raL'i Mini I III P . ntliup
the Commonwealth of Massachusetts." . upon her, it Interpose the willofanoi ner
Wo have a strong appeal to make to between her and freedom. It rivets ner
men, on the ground of justice. They! chains by adroit appeals to vanity, her
hold tlie power, and it is not in accord- love or ease, her affections nnti then,
anccwlth the Republican idea of gov-1 In ecstney or admiration, it bids her ne
ernment that they should argue, in the man's guide and his strength, and asks
spirit or an aristocracy, thatvomen arc if that Is not enough to satisfy her hicii-
uo t fitted lorme ballot, and should go I est ambition;
about our household duties, and leave
affairs of State to them. Tlie arcument
was as fairly put against the Colonists
l UlllVfl.lu. . . , 1
Viiiuv Hint sho who seriously under
takes a great work, must hnvc corres
pondingly great room ami wuji.h.im..j
how sorry he should be to
recoznize that one-halt ot
the family belonged to i
ould establish such a tniuc
and thine relation."
It evidently seemed to him, somehow,
more Iiarmoulous, less of the earth
earthy, that he could say, "all mine,
my love," nnd that she could sweetly
respond, "all thine, dearest." Rut
since, in their happy union, they could
live, as far as any, superior to the law,
It seemed to me, wheu I saw in what an
uubappy"'pbsitlon it placed this poor
Irish woman, as it does thousands in a
i belter social condition, that it was
The Past Young Man.
There has been so much said about
the fast young lady, that It is time the
fast young man took his share of the
Go where you will, you will see a
specimen or fast Young America. Ride
in tlie eat or stage, and at the most
fashionable street corner, our fast young
man will get in, and finding the most
comfortable seat, ensconce himself
therein, and then look around to see if
Ills appearance has produced the awe he
expected. If a fashionably dressed
young lady enters, howquick lie springs
up, at the risk of ripping his trous
O! I meant to say pantaloons, to offer
her a seat Rut let a poorly dressed
woman get In and he' is very intent on
watching something out of tlie window,
and, of course, does not see her; while
IT in. woulil always be jionte to rtcn ami
poor, old anil young, he might some
times have a fortune left him by some
poorly dressed man or woman,' as that
seems to be the way most fortunes aro
left now-a-day in the newspapers.
Walk in the street and on every cor
ner, holding np the buildings and lump
posts, you will see quite a number of the
gents "fast young men;" some smok
ing, others making remarks about every
lady that passes by. "What a beauty."
"Isn't that a bully girl?" "I think
she's some." These and similar expres
sions may be heard at any time, and ut
tered by respectable young men they
Go to the theater, and in the gallery,
and even in the opera-box you will find
him. He is here, there, and every
where. Xow daintily holding his opera
glass, he looks around the house, if he
sees any modest, shy-looking girl, stares
her out of countenance, lie is on fa
miliar terms with the actresses and bal
let girls, and even boasts or his intimacy
After the play is over, he lounges
around town, stopping hero and there,
aud finally brings up at home about
"five o'clock in the morning," and
sometimes too gloriously drunk to find
his own room, and at others, "only
drunk enough to make me jolly, upon
He sleeps next morning until nearly
noon, and then after freshly perfuming
his hair, brushing his somewhat seedy
hat, and giving a somewhat peculiar
twist to his new necktie, sullies out to
repeat the performance of the day be
fore, only varied by attending a race
or a church now and then.
After a while when his landlady be
comes impatient for her rent, due six
months or so, and when creditors como
thick and fast upon him, lie looks
around in search of a wife. Re she
young or old, homely or handsome,
it makes no thllercnce to mm, il sue has
abundance of tho needful cash. It is
not for love he wants her, hut to pay his
wine, carriage, and other bills.
He proposes in tho latest style. Papa
consents. A rich trousseau is ordered
from Paris, nnd they are married in
style, in a fashionable church, without
any love-making on his part, and on
her side, she does not care for any.
After marriage, he goes his way, she
goes licr's, and no questions are asked
on either side, ire hns some one to pay
his bills, and she a husband to redeem
her from the odium of being called an
After a year or two, they disagree,
find out their "incompatibility or tem
per," and in nine cases out or ten they
get a divorce; she goes back to papa,
and he goes in search or new fields to
conquer, or perhaps, to break some poor
girl's heart, and then say, "Poorthiug,
I really couldu't help it How can a
Tellow help being good looking." Xo
wonder that divorces aro so frequent,
witii such ni-assorteu marriages.
Such ts a fashionable marriase,
Tticy are 'well-mated in life;
She's got a fool for a timLand,
lie's got a fool for a wife.
Judge Smith, after he was seventy,
married a wife considerably his juuior.
One day, soon after the ceremony, he
was riding with her, and, on coming to
n hill, she bautered him with tbo re
mark: "Judge, my father always used
to walk up hill." "So did my first
wire," replied the Judge.
Five young misses in their teens from
a joint stock dairy farm of 320 acres m