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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View This Issue
Mia. A. J. UIMWAT. Editor and Proprietor
OFFICE Cor. Front and Stark Streets.
- TERMS, IN ADVANCE:
One your ,,
Vhke SPEECir. Fr.EK I'kess. Fkee People.
ADVERTISEMENTS Insert eilon Reasonable
BY MI6 VfHfllNIA OJ.XH.
(Read before the Oreeon Slate Saffiroffe A
Since nrrt the world In spaee wns hunj,
The pratee of woman Imk been wng;
"SogsnOe, lorlii, kind ami true.
She hides the lib), and brings to view
The blessings unto mortals given.
Till earth hat geemed akin to heaven."
The learned and great, Wtli far and near,
Have said: To love i woman's spliere;
That Love's the current or her life.
Her nobtart aim to be a wile.
In worldly strife he aeeks no part.
For huaband, children. All tier heart.
But man tc made of nobler stun".
And love for him Ik not enough.
Creation's Jni his rightful same.
He seek for iower and wealth and fame.
Ills plHre extends from pole to pole;
lleyond the clouds he sets his goal.
Although ttaclaimmt tlidt woraauU sihre
l happy borne trtth boaltand dear.
Her tongue or pen moot not confess
That she a loved one's ltome wrxthl Wes,
Unless the hero of her life
Should ask her to beeoaie his wife.
Man claims the right at any time
To press Ms suit If he incline,
And seek by tenderness of vote,
To win the object of his ebofoe.
But should his sister do the same,
You'll qatckly bear him ery " for shame!"
Should woman thus her love unfold,
He'd say " How brazen and bow bold!"
And e'en exclaim with cruel sneer,
" See how site steps outside her sphere,
And takes live place In nature's plan
She knows has been assigned to man."
"Why this Is so I cannot tell;
I only know the fact full well,
That wtBman treads on slippery ground.
And ever watchful must be found,
Lest some ralt-step, though seemlne fair,
Should fill her heart with dark despair.
How Mtd indeed Is woman's lot,
'Which Hhe must bear and murmur not.
For man has said, " He'd love her less
If she should dare to seek redress."
And sue, affrighted, Jlngers stilt
The creature of his mighty will.
Upon her Hps fate puts a seal;
She dares not then her heart reveal.
But lets concealment, like the worm,
"Within the budlefs tender germ,
Feed -'illy on her damask eiieek.
Enduring all with patience meek.
Oh, why should man usurp such power
O'er Iter, his friend in adverse hour,
"Who cheers when wantand woe atdl;
And, though she Is by nature frail,
nis deepest grietii will kindly share,
And breathe for him her holiest prayer.
He says that she mut be a wife,
Or live disfavored all her life.
Yet she shall never lift tier voice
To designate Iter ltearfs best choice.
But must select a man irom tltose
"Who marriage to her may propose.
And she must ever wear a smile.
And strive his sorrows to beguile,
And, tliough his heart was never known
To beat responsive to her own.
To his opinions she must yield.
For he is now tier guide and shield.
'Gainst bis decrees she naught must say.
His rule be whatsoe'er it may;
And though he trample on her heart
Until she writhe beneath Us smart,
He asks of her obedience still,
Proclaiming It the Matter's will.
So woman's choice we now express,
" Between'these evils choose the less"
Live on, a poor old makl forlorn,
The subject of contempt and scorn,
Or be a sad, unhappy wife.
The victim ot a Joyless life.
Sometimes site is so fortunate
As to be wooed by ber true mate.
Then with sweet love Iter life Is erowned,
For she Iter counterpart has found;
Such holy unions, heart and hand.
Upbuild, and bless and save our land.
The loosening of tlit marriage tie,
Prayers for divorce, the " Free rove" cry.
Are but effects of tills great cause.
Unjust and wicked and social laws.
"We ne'er can purity allaUt
"White man makesone what God made twain.
"We take the liberty to say.
The heart that once loves, loves for aye;
And when such hearts united be.
They ne'er will ask that love be free.
We find it tine to nature's coarse,
Tis loveless marriage brings divorce.
Now, if your fond desire be
To benefit humanity, "
Do not compel a woman good
To marry for a livelihood;
But give her equal chance with man
To ownership of house and land.
To the professions make her free,
tiive unto labor dignity.
Ope wide the avenues of trade.
Of hersoeeees be not afraid;
Choose whatsoever work site will.
Proclaim yourself her champion still.
Aim! she who does herseir sustain
By efiorts of ber hands or brain.
You sliould esteem far more than tltose
"Who marry for their food and clothe.
Sltow by your deeds you'll ever try
To sacred hold the marriage tie.
Sinee woman's love Is not a siu,
Give tier the right to woo and win.
If love's ber sphere, her all of life.
Then site should be the right man's wife.
Or her afJeottou brings but pain,
And she may ne'er know Joy again.
But should she fail to be a wife.
Yet live a good and tasteful life,
Give your respect and words of cheer
She needs them In her lonely sphere;
And do not make her soul afraid
By filtering at the poor old maid.
To other ills we've fallen heir;
Of troubles we've a plaateous share
The rum Acini causes us to weep.
And fills our souls with sorrows deep;
Wife, mother, daughter, sister dear,
All live In dread when lie is near;
His knock Is heard at many a door;
With crime our land lie's flooded o'er;
The victims crowd the prison eel I,
And in tlte haunts or darkness dwell.
In vain we strive our loved to save
From terrors of the drunkard's grave.
But to our brother we'll not charge
The sum of all our griefs at large,
For woman, by her apathy,
Has caused her Ills to multiply.
But, thank kind heaven, she's seeking now
jo Know wnai sue must do, and how.
These giant wrongs should righted be,
For sake offeood society.
The Etlll-honse, with 1U odious brand.
Should banished bo from our falrland,
And other places we'll not naioo
Should swiftly meet with fate tho same.
We hope when liberty doth relgu.
No man position can attain
"Whose soul from stain U not as free
As he demands hi wife's shouUl.be,
Tli us would a true reform begin
To rid the world of many a sin.
The good time coming we will speed;
To sneers and taunts we'll not give heed
Though some good sister, free from en re,
neeiinlng In her easy chair, -Should
cry, Ye Sufftagists, avnunt 1
I How have all the right I want."
Those who In luxury repose.
Unmindful of another's woes,
May not appreciate our course.
And say we're "making matters worse."
Bat was there ever yet reform
That did not meet rebuff and scorn:
The good time coming" that we see
Is when each child of God H free;
When gold and silver cannot buy
A passport to positions high;
ButVheu each dweller ol the earth
Shall standalone on moral worth.
We've pledged our heaonaud eur life
'Gainst sla to wage a ceaseless strife.
But brothers see, our hands are tied;
We pray you to these bands divide.
The sacred boon of liberty1
Must come through your philanthropy.
But some good brothers seem to fear
That woman would man's foe appear;
That were she granted liberty
The graces of her sex would llee;
That home and children sheM forsake.
And unknown terrors would awake;
That man would come down from his station
As ruler of the mighty nation,
And be compelled, from year to year,
To fill his wife's deserted spheiv;
Ami thus would nature be reversed
And man with numerous Ills be cursed.
Ah, brothers, we've not learned In vain;
Man's loss can ne'er be woman's gain;
Your nohlo spirits we'd jtot fetter,
But fain would have you wiser, better;
For 'twas ordained by heavenly power
Yoar weal or woe should e'er be ours.
So give us liberty we pray.
And we will not the trust betray.
The foo surrounds us; grasp OHr baud,
And firmly, by your side, we'll stand,
And battle till our latest hour
Armed with the ballot's mighty jtower.
But lest I weary with my rhyme
111 say the rest another time.
Reflect upon the plan we've takl,
And If you think It falsely made.
And sec no Justice in the case
Just put yourselves In woman's place.
X OTJ TIV:D , OREGON, FRIDAY, MARCH SB, 1873.
ADVERTISEMENT TOE A WIFE.
January 27, 13iS. J
Dear New Northwest :
Seeing by the Woman's Journal of
December 7th that women are " unpop
ular" at present, I take advantage of
the market. I am a man of business,
which I propose to prove by sending the
I enclosed advertisement for a wife.
Knowing of the high repute of your
I paper among the weaker sex, I have
long desired to tell them in its friendly
to a sensitive nature as a coarse woman.
Delicacy and strength combined is my
idea of a true Avife. As my pecuniary
circumstances are not such as to sup
port extravagance, I will say here that
don't want a doll wife, a good-for-
nothing fash ion-plate, spending my
money for frizzes, chignons, paniers,
half-incli bonnets and Grecian bends.
Of all tyrants a fashionable wife is most
to be dreaded. Don't imagine that I've
any desire to marry a kitchen girl, how
ever, but one who can go gracefully into
thekitchen and mop, churn, scourkettlcs
or wash dishes, as the case may be. I
don't know as I need say more just now.
Whatever other requisites I have to
make can be written privately to the
favored one, chosen from the number
who answer this advertisement. But
none need write who can't sing and
play. It Is so pleasant to sit of an even
ing and hear your wife sing, though 1
never could countenance a woman who
spent all her time and money in prac
ticing and paying music teachers. "De
votion to one art narrows the mind,"
and, above everything else, I hope to bo
spared the fate of marrying a narrow
minded woman! All the Vernons are
blessed with good health, so I will say
right here that no sickly woman need
apply I've no notion of being whined
out of existence. But, on the other
hand, I can't endure a woman red-faced
enough to bo vulgar; one just pale
enough to be interesting is the most re
fining inllueuco a man can have. I can
not think of marrying a woman who is
hard to please. I am not at all particu
lar, myself; in fact, my strongest aver
sions arc for those who never can be
suited. And I cannot conscientiously
bring this to a close without telling you
that a love of the beautiful is otic of the
most important requisites for my wife.
A woman without taste is likefenlt with
out savor, decidedly Hat. And I have a
natural horror of an insipid woman.
No, she must be able to say sharp things,
but sweet tempered enough to prevent
their becoming unpleasant. Nothing
drives a man to distraction so rapidly as
a scolding wife. But I should very soon
become disgusted with a woman who is
always crossing me. A loving, but at
the Fame time witty and spicy woman,
is the right sort for a man. Perhaps it
would not be amiss to drop the remark
right at tliis point that it wonld be use
less for a jealous dispositioncd woman
to answer this, for, although I should
certainly require my wife to Iovo me
devotedly, she must not object to my
carrying on any harmless little lllrta-
tions with young ladies of my acquaint-
columns that Jeremiah "Is wilin'." i ance. I think if one person is more to
But knowing, also, of the "odd antag- ! be dreaded titan another, It is a jealous
UII1SUJ IU Midi JHUiUCCCU UJ 1114.UJ x. tail.
'advanced' women," to which my
brother bachelor so ably alludes I feared
a repulse. However, where he leads I
can follow. "Faint heart never won
fair lady" possibly youv'e heard the
proverb. I trust that your readers will
not all speak at once; I should be sorry
to occasion a walling aud gnashing of
teeth among the "swarms of unmar
ried womon" who siglt in vain to sew
on our traditional buttons.
Yours truly, J. B. STUims. !
P. S. I hope you won't think mo de
ceitful in signing a false name to my
advertisement, but "Stubbs" Isn't ro
mantic enough for the female heart.
Yours again, J. B. S.
"WANTED : A companion for life, a
sharer of my joys and sorrows. Such,
fair readers of the New Northwest,
Is the language of my heart. In ad
dressing you thus, I am spared tho em
barrassment of a personal interview,
and tucc versa. Expecting soon to be
occupied in reading the replies which
will bo showered upon me, I take this
opportunity to say that I am not hard
to please, though, to bo sure, I could
not put up with everything as who
could? There area few requisites ne
cessary to the would-be happy bride.
She must be good looking I hate home
ly women pardon my frankness, but
such is the case; but I can't abide a
vain, conceited one she should be
just pretty enough to be modest, and
modest enough to be pretty. Large
women are forever in the way, and apt
to be clumsy I am fully decided that I
must have a little wife, though not one
of the independent, unreasonable sort,
who will have her own way, and say "J
told you so," If a man makes a mistake.
That kind are very aggravating. But I
don't want a weak-minded, silly woman,
who is perfectly blank and good natured
all the time. A man is apt to get tired
of that sort Neither will I accent a
cross or stupid one. Of all things, de
liver me from a stupid woman! She
must be well educated I could not have
the face to introduce an ignorant wife
Salfji, Ogn., March 16th.
Dear Mrs. Bun iway: In your issue of
last week I find my poem has two or
three typographical errors, one of which
injures the sonso much; it occured in
the fourth verse, fourth line," fourth
word, hearts for hojics. In tho last
verse, third line, the word justice occurs
in placo of future. If you could make
tho correction I would like It. I do not
want to have others say, as my husband
did on reading it, "I don't see any sense
in tlits line;" meaning the one I first
I congratulate you on your Alliance
victory; I really think it means a great
deal. It was not the opposition that
your opposcrs felt towards you as a
woman, or any personal ltatrctl, I think,
but the bitter antagsuism in their
hearts to the opinions that you repre
sent and promulgate. Tho personal
pique of Judge Thornton's case was very
plain, but with many of the scceders It
was only opposition to the woman
cause that made them think of you as
You aro right in your first editorial
article when you say temperance is a
political question, aud if the Alliance
met to discuss a political question, how
absurd to shut out delegates from a "po
litical association" like tho "Woman
I suppose, accordiug to Webster, the
Woman Suffrage party is a political
party, though it seems laughable to
think of a party without a head, as you
say. I think there is some tnisuke
here. Indeed I can hardly tell what
part is lacking, wo have brains and
tongue btityet we have not thepowerof
legal exposition as ouo may say. I
think wcare dumb, as a party; we say
things, but have no right to say them.
It is to bo hoped wo may come to a full
use of our voico (in the government) in
I was glad to see that Brother Dillon
takes such a reasonable course. Is ho
in advanco of what ho was lost year?
He Is an honcut man, and will not fail
to yield a point just as soon as He is
convinced, and thore are many more
like him in that respect, so have cour
age and work for the world In good
hope. Yours, etc.
Belli: W. Cooke.
"Woman and the Ballot.
Fiom Forney's Weekly Tre.
Last evening, in tho hall of the Con
stitutional Convention, Spruce street,
below Sixth, Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stan
ton, ono of the foremost champions of
woman aud her cause, delivered an ad
dress upon "Woman Suffrage." The
spacious hall was jammed full, quite a
number standing during the whole
course of the lecture, which occupied
about ono hour and ten minutes in its
delivery. The speaker was frequently
applauded, as will bo seen from the
report appended below.
Mr. IS. M. Davis, President of the
Suflrage Association, under whose aus
pices tho meeting was called, presented
the lady speaker iu a few fitting words,
referring to a circular which had been
distributed at the door. He spoke of
the pleasure he felt at the large audience
which was assembled, and then said
those, in charge of tho movement In
favor or suffrage intended to press it un
til the nation either repudiated the
principle that the people were the source
of power, or apply it to women as well
He had great pleasure in introducing
MItS. ELIZABETH CADY STANTON.
The lady epoke as follows:
The people of Pennsylvania are to-day
revising the fundamental law of their
State, and it is fitting that all tho peo
ple should have their say. It was said
once by a celebrated man to Charles
Sumner, "that when tho Constitution
was revised tho State was resolved into
its primal elements." This is right and
proper, and, in many States, it has been
decreed that all have a right to vote on
this questiou, and, in fact, a right to sit
in the convention, when on other ques
tions they had no right to vote or
have a voice. In Ithode Island, where a
property qualification is held, they ig
nored that qualification in the calling of
the couvention for tho revislou of the
constitution, and in this State, tliough
not doing that, they did tho next best
thing they allowed free discussion.
wnen tno question oi suurage was
first presented it was treated lightly,
but as tho convention proceeded in its
deliberations it deepened in interest. It
is lilting mat retisyivania, mat sent
forth at tlte mouth of the canon the
LIBERTY TO A LI THE KAltTII,
should be tho first to give tho right of
equality to an its citizens, wiuiiti
three years of the Centennial it is fitting
that the question should bo 'decided that
It should bo held here. Discussion lias
been violent as to how it should be cele
brated. It has been decided to give an
sity, and no more ridicule was heard,
and it is not now seen in any journal.
The next was the negro with his long
heel, his sharp slnnboue, anu ins uiacu
skin. But he became a power and sat
in the Senate hall, and he is not now a
jibe of sport for any one. " ho nre the
next? The women! Every day iu the
papers I see jibes on woman, ana leel
m womahood insulted through some
other woman. I would sacnllce a pa-
nler before I would a principle htug!i
ter, aud I believe the time is close at
hand when these jibes will cease. I re
member once seeing in tho newspapers
a report of a negro and a woman-suffrage
meeting at lite same time, me negro
meetius was civlng in full: ours-with
sneers and laughter, and yet the resolu
tions were of equal merit on bout stties,
but the women were not voters, the ne
groes were. Hence the clulerence.
Since the above was in type, an un
lucky accident has mislaid tho conclu
sion of the report and compels us to
leave the remainder to tho Imagination
of Hie reador, only assuring him or her
that the interest increased to the end.
wife. If anything makes a man miser
able It is that! I moreover must be al
lowed to express a desiro that my wife
be a member of some chnrch. in fact it
Is quite iudispcnsiblc that she be so.
However, I never could havoher preach
ing her doctrines to me. If there Is one
person that I pity more than another it is
a man that has a sanctimonious wife.
Now, lastly, as regards your humble
servant, modesty forbids that he say
much of himself, put probably there
will be no difllcnlly he is very easily
suited. CLAItKNCn Vkknon,
Lock box, 5,S73.
Stark County, Mo.
P. S. Ladles, I beg your indulgence
while I suggest that you bo careful not
to misunderstand my last roiuark, aud
that my being easily suited does uot im
ply that I can put up with every thiug.
My wife mnst bo small, beautiful and
intelligent. In short, I can tell better
when I hear from you. But no woman
over four feet tall need trouble herself
to answer. Respectfully,
P. S. S. Allow me to remark that
Questions and Answers.
Waldshoka, mS, February, 1S73.
Editor of the Democrat: Will you
please giveyour opinion upon thefollow-
ing questions, viz:
1st. Which is tlte stronger passion
lovo or hatred?
:d. Who do you consider the happiest
man and woman?
3d. Which has been the most dest mo
tive intemperance or war?
4th. Are you in favor of woman suf
frage,? If so, give the reasons.
5th. Are you in favor of an educa
tional qualification to the right of suffrage?
uth. Are you in favor of capital pun
ishment? fei .
7th. Which do you think tho moat
worthy of our sympathy the Indian or
Sth. Are you in favor of compttlsory
As I am more interested iu your
"Social Chats with Friends" than any
part or your paper, you will greatly
oblige me by answering these questions.
1st. Love is the strongest passion, be
catiso it forgives what hate does, even as
2d. My wife and I!
3d. Intemperance ten to ono.
4th. Yes. Because it is right. Noth
ing prevents their helping make laws
as tney Help pay taxes, ucing our
A Journal for lite People.
Devoted to tho Interests or llumanttjr."
Independent In Polities and IteUgtaa.- '
Alive to all Live I4uea, and ThowvgMy
Radical In Opposing and Kspoalng the Wi
ol the Mosses.
Correspondents writing over assumed atcm-
turcs must make known their names to Ike
Editor, or no attention will he given to tbetr
exhibition of the arts and sciences, but i equals, but narrow-minded prejudice.
LETTER PEOM MAINE.
Kxbtbu Mills, Maine, "I
February 2.", 1S73.
Dear Mrs. Dunitvay:l feel as tliough
I had a right to your attention for a
moment, as I do so long to congratulate
you on tho wonderful success of your
work, and so much work! And I con
gratulate you on your growth, for lean
sec that you are growing in your own
sunshine us well as I In your shadow.
I often feel to shout, and do, all quietly
to myself, to think the cause has such a
woman iu the harness. I remember the
prophetic hum I heard just about two
years ago, that we were to havo a "wo
man's paper in Portland, but probably
if tho thing was not still born it would
be of few days and full of trouble." But
time sped on and toon the day came that
brought upon its wings thoNEWNoKTH
west. A tiling of beauty, aud I behold
It to-day like a grand tree, scattering its
leaves and blossoms far and wide. Its
full fruit will be gathered in Heaven.
It has helped many a trembling woman
to don or adjust her own "thinking
cap;" yes, many a poor soul that two
years ago hardly dared to xoinl:, to-day
dares to think and some tlaro to speak;
many thanks to the New North
west. II. A. C.
Father, romp with tho children. In
leaving your business at eveniug, lay
aside your austerity and money-mak
ing. Greet the little ones at homo cor
dially and pleasantly. Then bo a boy
again, with a larger growth added, if
my wife must not be inquisitive about oo. Do not repulse tho approaches
iiuu Lait.V3 ui tub uuimiuii. xruttu uti
my affairs. The most unfortunate men
I know are those whose wives arc try
ing to find out every morning where
they spent the night before. I am too
high spirited to submit to that, or to
any interference with my Innocent
amusements, such assmokiug or chew
ing the sopoilfic, ortaking asocial glass
occasionally. Among the most "un
popular" women I know are those who
are over-panicular. None of that class
ever need hope for a " reward of merit"
iu shape of C. V.
. ,iKn,iTint lint T u-nnhl foL-i lo " useu as a "etiiutii, ror tlie applies-
to my relations-Hot that I w ould take tlons are ahvays accom ' ulw, wIt rjsk
Toothache, Earache, Etc. It is a
bad practice to put cotton wool, soaked
in laudanum, or chloroform, into tho ear
for the relief of toothache. It is true
that it may sometimes prove cllectual,
and procure a night's rest, for the con
nection between the teetli and ear Is
very close. But let it bo borno in mind
that the ear is far too delicate an organ
io ue useu as a metnitm, for tlie applica-
the floor wilh them. Play doll, roll the
ball, take a cup of tea out of tho little
cup, anil for a time nuuior tlie baby
whims. It won't hurt you, aud by so
doing you will open a whole world of
sunshine Into tho hearts of these house
hold pets. And they will remember it
as long as they live. They will not
look upon "papa" as a statue, but as
part aud parcel or their own happy ex
istencc. Let not the demands of the
club or lecture or political meeting hin
der you from giving a few minutes to
intimato and kindly intercourse witli
your children. It will take the rust off
your own heart, and will be as dia
monds glittering all along their youth-
a blue stocking. I shall never martyr
ize myself to a literary wife hair un-1
combed, fingers inky, dress dirty, hab
its untidy, rooms full of Ink bottles and
broken pens, buttons gone from all my
clothes, holes iu my stockings, and, as
far as satisfying tho wants of the inner
man is concerned, to be left to tlie ten
der mercies of a youngcook. No, never!
My wife must be domestic and cheerful.
Of all things on earth, a melancholy,
complaining wife is least to bo desired.
Stilllcau'tendureaslliyschool girl, for
ever giggling and tittering she must
have control of her feelings. Don't
think that I would have a "stroug-
minded" wife! Nothing Is so repulsive
The teeth should be looked after for
themselves, by some competent dentist;
and if toothache spreads to the ear, this
is another reason why they should bo
attended to at once; for prolonged pain
in tlte head, arising from teetli may it
self injure the hearing. In earache
everything should be done to sooth It.
and all strong, irritating applications
should be avoided. Pieces of hot fig or
onion sliould on no account be put In;
hut warm llannels sliould be applied.
with poppy fermentation externally, if
tlie pain does not soon subside.
Pet Mamma, I want to make a little
bargain with you. Mamma What is
It, my dear? Pet If you will give me
a paper of sugar plums every day, I
won't tell anybody you take your hair
out of a drawer;
A friend, visiting in a minister's fam
ily, where the parents wore very strict
in regard to tlie children's Sabbath de
portment, was confidentially informed
by one of the little girls that "slio would
like to be a minister."
"Why?" inquired the visitor, rather
puzzled to understand what had given
tho child so sudden an admiration for
Tho visitor was quickly enlightened
by the prompt reply:
"So that Icould holler on Sunday!"
The Land Office has Information tha
forty thousand Israelites from Bout
mania and other parts of Europe are
making arrangements to settle In this
country, and thus escape the persecution
to which they have been and are sub
jected in their native land. There is a
company formed with a paid up capital
of one million five hundred thousand
dollars, and they want to purchase a
body of land here ami settle together.
The Land Office lias sent the necessary
information abroad, showing how our
lands may be obtained.
the grander one will bo the announce
ment that 0,000,000 women nave uecn
given their rights as citizens. It lias
beea said that the question was an odi
ous one. Odious! how? I said to a
prominent physician that it was mar
vellous that new thoughts should be
rejected. It was like standing on one's
head. The muscles aro not provided for
such a feat; you would fall first to one
side and then to another. So with other
attest Ions when you speak to people who
o uot think; It is because they do not
nave the muscular power tney are too
lazy to think. Applause. The gen
tlemen of the convention are about to
put the word mate in the constitution,
where it never has been. This Is a new
movement. There is a saying that our
Government is a failure, that the repub
lican form of procedure is a failure. An
English statesman says so. When
China and Japan send their peoplo here
to be educated, when ail tlie nations ot
tlie earth look to us, settling these ques
tions twice baptised in blood
SHALL WE 11EOIN TO D0UI1T?
That is the question of to-day. No
just government can be formed without
tho consent of tho governed. This we
have heard fora century. We have gone
over tho question of slavery all the
questions of taxation; and, having an
swered them so often, must the argu
ment bo gone over again to convince
the people on this question of woman
suffrage? Taxation without represen
tation is tyranny. Jxok at tins beauti
ful hall tho carpets, tho lights, the
desks and tables. Who pays for thetu?
Tho women of Pennsylvania! But tliey
liave no representation in tno conven
tion. You are told that you are repre
sented by your fathers and husbands.
When I was represented
BY HON. JOHN MOIlltlSSEY
I was not satisfied, aud we are not satis
lied now with our representation. It
has been said no mau can represent
another, and if this is so how can a man
represent a woman? This question of
taxation is a great one. A woman in
New York who paid no taxes for ten
years escaped by hurling tlie language
of tlie Fathers at the collector's head.
She quoted Adams aud Jeflerson ou
taxation without representation. When
a woman is to be hung the men do not
rush forward and say, "Here, I repre
sent her; hang me!" No! they allow
us to hang for ourselves. They do not
represent us in taxation, and they do
not pay taxes for us. They tell us it
will be too rotish and Indecorous for us
to go to tho polls and vote; but they do
uot think it is rough to have au uncouth
man bother us about taxes. I think
that woman, with her delicacy, should
bo lifted above all this, and never be
bothered about money! This
QUESTION OF SUFFRAGE
is merely one of protection. It is not
said iu savage countries that a woman
may not protect herself with tlie bowie
knife, the pistol. "or the tomahawk: but
in civilized society we give the hatchet
and the bowle-Kiuie up lor tlie ballot.
The theory is. that we women are un in
the clouds, and it would be degradation
for us to come down and vote! Now,
what are the facts? Three-fourths of
the women, as a class, support them
selves! AppIause.J inoso wito live in
luxury would hardly think they lived
in degradation: but it is so in manv
States. In Pennsylvania it isbuttcr; her
constitution is tlie best in tlie Union:
she does not use the word "male," but
"freemen;" anil yet you now propose to
nut in vour constitution tlie word
"male," and that will surely be a degra
dation. Here in this country we have
lifted the foreigner and others above
MOTHERS OF TRE COUNTRY,
We have established an aristocracy
the worst in tlie world, and wo ask vou
to abolish this. It is an aristocracy of
sex, and this is, of all others, the worst
degradation. Look at tlie pres3of the
country. Who was the butt of tho wit
If good men sliould hold office, good
Women Jurors in "Wyoming.
Tho following letter, in reply to one
addressed to tho writer by the Pennsyl
vania Woman Sullrago Association,
asking for information in relation to the
working of the law of Woman Suflrage
in Wyoming, has been forwarded to us
for publication. Christian Union.
Laramie City, Wyoming Tor.,
December 26, 1S72. j
To the Pennsylvania Woman Suffrage
It is now three years since tlte act
was passed giving women the right of
sull'rage, aud tlie right to hold office, in
this Territory, in all respects the same
as other electors. LTnder this law they
have been elected aud appointed, to
various offices, and have acted as Jurors
and Justices. of tlie Peace. They have
very generally voted at our elections,
and have taken some part in making
the nominations; and although there
are some among us who do nokapprove
of it as a principlel think there lit no
one who will- deny that It has ltad a
marked influence In 'elevating onr elec
tions, and making tln.ni quiet and or
derly; and enabling the courts to pun
ish classes of crime where convictions
could not be obtained, without their aid.
For instance: when the Territory was
first organized, almost every one carrfctl
a loaded revolver on his person; and, as
a matter of course, altercations gener
ally resulted in using them. I do not
remember a sinsrlc instance where a
jury of men has convicted either party
lor shooting at each other, even in a
crowded room, if no" one was killed: or
for Killing any one, if the victim mut
been armed. But with two ot three
womeu on tlie jury, they have never
failed to follow the instructions of the
Again: the Courts have been nearly
powerless, with only men for Jurors, in
enforcing tho lavts of drunkenness,
gambling, houses of ill-fame, ami de
bauchery in any of its forms. Neither
Grand nor Petit juries could be relied
on; but a few women on either panel
changed the face of tilings at once; and
from that day this kind of vice has
trembled before tlie law and hidden it
self from sight, where formerly it
htalkeU abroad with shameless front
and brazen confidence in protection from
There are comparatively so few wom
en here, and those are so generally kepi
at home by domestic duties, thttt the
Courts have been unable to obtain ag
many of them for jurors as was desira
ble. But those who have served have
uniformly acquitted themeelves with
great credit. Xot a single vcrdid, civil
or criminal, has been set aside wkere
women have composed a part of the
oiiuuiu Willi;;, tuuii i . ., - .
sliould holy elect them, and JW- Thshasnot beeuthecase, byany
there are thousands or otlices women
should hold, and could fill even better
thnn do men. To give women the right
of suflrago would not lower men, but
would raise the status of woman. It
would give women something besides
fashion ami Idle gossip to think of. It
would add to the strength of woman's
mind and the greatness of her character.
It would, following her vote on Temper
ance, moral and educational questions,
result in better laws, more evcu justice
to tax-payers, anil a greater good to
greater numbers. It would add to the
strength of coming generations, as mind
operates on matter, and the more that
is grand and noble a woman has to
think of, tlie greater her responsibility,
the better character her offspring will
have. It will reduce the number of
prostitutes In the land, for then thous
ands of women will advance a step on
the road of progression, have avenues of
employment opened to them, and be
not so much at the mercy of those men
who are but brutes, and who hold wom
en as slaves.
Sth. Yes. No person should vote on
any question to please another person,
and sliould vote untie rstandiugly.
Cth. No. Imprisonment for life in a
prison from which there could bo no es
cape savo by death, or a life of labor in
a chain gang on the streets of large cit
ies, with a metal sign worn on the back
stating name and ollencc would be less
barbarous and more effectual punish
ment, as bad men do not fear death so
much as thousands of Christians do, not
so much as they fear the eyes of the
public, or dread the remarks of the cu
7th. The nesrro. because ho is more
humane, and is, after being a friend to
himself, a better friend of the whites.
Sth. l es, where people will uot edu
cate themselves. The law holds no one
guiltless because of ignorance. There
fore it should to make Itself perfect, see
that all are educated, and deal in exact
liie fatatc should uo supreme in its
power, its rewards anil its punishments.
And it sliould truard tlto citizen from
the vicious, the avaricious, tlto diseased
in mind and body, and should make
every citizen of lawful acre responsible.
and equally interested iu all that effects
the public JUrtcU romcroy.
.Vn Ex-President's Destitute
Daughter. A Washington dispatch
has this among tlie House proceedings
liie hpeaucr, irom the noor lair.
Dawes being temporarily in the chair).
said lie had afow moments since had an
interview iu the Speaker's room which
had deeply touched him. It was the
widow of ltobert C. Wood, late assistant
surgeon in the United States Army, and
a daughter of Zachary Taylor, late
President of tho United States. She
had presented a petition, which he
would now haTe read, as it presented a
state of aflairs that ought not to exist.
A daughter of Zachary Taylor was in
need of assistance. He had assured tier
that he did not believe thero would be a
vote against the bill which lie now pre
sented. He then introduced a bill
granting Mrs. Wood a pension or ot)
per month, to date from the death of
her husband, March OS, 1SG9, and it was
passed by a unanimous vote.
means when they have not been pres
ent. They have given better attention
than the- men have to the progress of
the trials; have remembered the evi
dence better; have paid more heed to
the charges of the Court; have been leas
influenced by business relations, and
outside considerations; aud have ex
hibited a keeuer conscientiousness in
the honest discharge of responsibility.
And I have heard of no instance where
they have incurred any odium or ill
will, or want of respect, from havine
served as jurors. On the contrary, I am
quite sure that in every instance they
have been more highly respected ami
more generally appreciated in conse
quence of it.
There is one other influence that lias
grown out of the presence of wqmon in
the court room, both as jurors and as
bailiffs, that lias been most apparent
aud welcome; it is the quiet order ami
decorum, the decent and respectful be
havior, the gentlemanly bearing that
has always been observed in their pres
ence. Mho spectators come there better
dressed, chew less tobacco and spit less,
sit more quietly in their seats, walk
more careiutiy on the lioor; talk and
whisper less; and in all respects t he-
court room assumes a more dignified
and business-like air; and better prog-
ivaa w luaua in uiau3iijg oi iue matter
Certainly the whole effect on our
courts and on our community, resultiug
irom uie participation or women In the
administration of the laws, lias teen
most beneficial and satisfactory: ami it
seems to me peculiarly proper thatthose
who suuer most, irom the commission
of crime and the evils of vice, should
take part iu its suppression and punish
There is another matter in which we
have been greatly benefited by this law;
and that is tho change it has wrought
on election days, and its inlluenee at
the polls. Formerly our elections were
scenes of drunken revel and noise; of
fighting and riot. But when the women
came to vote, they were always treated
with the attention and respect every
where shown to women iu the United
States. If there was a crowd around the
polls, they always gave way when a
woman approached and were silent ami
orderly while she deposited her vote
and went away. If men became intox
icated, they did not remain there where
the womon would see them. No noisy
discussions would arise around the polls,
because invariably, when a woman
came up, all such conversation wold
cease. The fact has been that very few
people gathered at the polls; and noise
and lighting, riot and drunkenness have
been entirely unknown there. If men
drank too much.as they sometimes did,
they romaiued at the drinking-shopa,
each political party by itself; and con
sequently avoided the quarrels and
collisions that so often occur; while tlte
peoplo went to the polls and voted as
quietly as they go to chtireh. This of
itself has been a gain in our community
of no small ni6ment.
At first there was quite a number of
women who refused to vote, but at every
election that number has grown less,
until now, very few, if any, fail to oxor
ciso the privilege. Many refuse to vote
as their husbands do, but I have not
heard of any domestic discord or trouble
growing out of such a course.
In conclusion. I wish in iv. .i
A prominent Labor Reformer in Hart-
iont writes: -i maun. u hr.,i, . no ,:.. - '
Ipvrout If the Democrats aro suscep- , ""t"euiy aa l uru
ibleo" wiilom. theTwill present H . that while I have seen a
Issue? to the T people hereafter. They Srcat many advantages and mueh god
havftr ed every dodge to get into power ' Prow of this change in our laws, I
SoutroSmTtting'Uiemselves to the seen none of the evils or disndv-ati-vitM
nucstlons of progress, and have tagesso generally apprehended ami so
fan SSlMteS. Now let them warmly denounced by the opponents of
some years ago?
became a power and,jjf political ueces-
liikp on the crcat question of labor, at
tack the false and rotten monetary sys
tem, and they will go into power with a
A youth, in Kansas City, set fire to a
school-houso recently, to spite his
mother for uot allowing him to go to
tlie measure. Verv respectfully,
J. W. KlNOMASft
-lMociaie Justice United Stat Su
preme Court, Wyoming Territory.
Little boys now fasten pieces of- red
flannel round thenecksof thoirrtaKIifg-
linrcna tn nraitant. ihnnl COttlUgt thQepl-
zodlic. , : -jci3t-
' V '4