IMS. a. j. DU.MfflV, Editor ana Proprietor OFMCE-Oor. Trout niiU .Stark Street. A Journal for the People. Derated to the Interacts of linmanlty. Independent in Pontics ami IteHgttir; ' AJtve to all Live lMe, awl TlMftMgMy Radical In Oppostngawl RtpoflHC lfa Wttwii 1 TERMS, IN ADVANCE: Ongyonr ot the Mnes. ix months. Three months 1 73 .110 Correspondents wrUioe ovraeuiM0du- tut? niu.it make known thefr names to the ATVRIJTISEiIEXTSlBserteiloB Keasonafcte Terms. ArOLTDIE II. XOTiTI,AJVT, OREGON. 35niZA.Y, FEBRIT.VKY ?2J5, 1873. Editor, or 110 attention will be gfM to ifeelr communicatloiu. - I T ft Cncrnr Pivp T'm.j 1.tn- ii-.... " Limit lixir. BY BOHKKT ROIX1X. I've had nnotlier offer, wire-a forty acres more Of high and dry rtcli prairie land, as level as a Hoot. I th&nplit 1W wait nHdMe yeu first, as Lawyer "VMMng MM, To tell how thing will turn out be4, a woman is ahead. And when this lot u paid lor, and w- tare sot the deed. Ml my that I am xatUOed-lrs all the land we need; And next we'll ee alout the yard, and fix the lioose up imme. And manage In the crane of time to have a better home. W1FR. There 1m no ue of talking, Charles you buy tliat forty more. And we'll go heftmplne alt our lives, and al ways be Land Poor. I'or thirty year we've Iwiojeil and ajrred, deny ing hair oor ueeda, While all we've got to show for It la tax reeelpU and deedo. I'd Mil the land, if It were mine, and have a better home. Win broad, light rooms to front the street, aixl take 111 s It eorna. IfweeouH live as others llv,aitd have what other do, We'd live a great deal jrteasanterraad have a plenty loo. While Hltrii Imve amusement, and luxury, I ami hooka, ! Justthlwk Uowatiugj- we have liTed.and Ihhv this oM place lnfc! That other Arm yon bought oi Well, that took o many yean Of cleartftg up and re twins In, lias eoH me many tear. Yes, Wmriea, Indeed, I've thoegat of It a hand- red times or more. And wandered If H really M to always be ijmm l'our. If we 1M& built a eoy Ikhkc ami made a happy lie me. Our ehltdrea once m dear to im liad never learned to roam. I grieve to think f wanted weeks, aod years. ami month, ami daya. While for It all we never yet hae had owe wml of praKe. Men eall us rteti, but we are poor would we aotlreelyciv The land, with all H fixture, for a better way to live? Don't think I am blamin? you, dear Charles W not a whit to blame; I've pHted you theee many years, to see you tired and lame! It's just the way we .started out, our plans loo j far ahead; We've worn the cream of lift? away, to leave loo much when dead. Its putMnc " ettfaymont tone alter we enjoy. And after all too mueii of wealth seems useless as a toy; Although we've learned, atac, too late! what all Mt laam at test, Oar brlgfaltst enrtMr happttug H buried In I That life bt short and full of eare, the end nl waytiaear. We seidota liaif begin to live before we're doomed t die. Were I to Mart my life again, I'd mark eaeh separate day. And never let a single one iw unenjoyed away. If there were things to envy, I'd lmve them now and then, And have a home that was a home, and not a eage or pen. I'd sell some land If It were mine, and fit up well the rest; I've mwoys thought, ami think so yet-small fs well worked are best. Rural New Yorker. HOMES. ES1AY HEAD BY MRS. C A. CO BURN nKFOltF.TIlr. WOMAN gl'FFRACE CJNVKKTI0S. AYhat an old subject! Yes, good friend?, but while I am compelled to grant my argument old, I have the au thority of good Dr. Young for declaring "that truth no years impair ;" and, al though my subject may not possess the charm of novelty nay, more than this, may be exceedingly stnlo it does, I am sure, possess more or less interest for all present; and I have only to mention the single word homes to prove my asser tion true. It is frequently asserted, and almost universally conceded, that around our homes cluster our dearest delights; that within them are Implanted and nur tured our highest and purest aspira tions. Surely if this be the case, men and women should bo untiring in their eflorts to place high the standanl of ex cellence in their homes, and having thus placed, guard it with watchful vig ilance. Sages have endeavored to teach us by line and precept innumerable the best and surest way of rendering our daily abodes models of pleasantness and peace. Toets have sung of the pleasures, and music dwelt with lingering sweet ness upon the delights of "Home, Sweet Home," yet in actual life happy, home like, pleasant homes are by no means universal. "To know ourselves diseased is half our cure." To find a reason for this is a step tovards a remedy. I am more than content to abandon to poets and dreamers of vain dreams the imag inative and romantic field, in which they have so long and zealously labored, and shall not attempt to make 1113 few rambling thoughts and suggestions con form to their fine-spun theories. L.pou women, we are told, devolves almost the sole responsibilitv of render. Ing home attractive, cheerful and pleas- nl" ",,u luey are irequently exhorted with a persistency and norHnnr-Htr which, if properly bestowed upon the legitimate outness aiiairs of the would- .o, iu.gui icau perhaps to happy financial results, to "look well to livim,?t 1 J eif.,1l0"sel,0,ds."a'lob- r!l!?!!-n. iiuBuiij umuu irom Home by stern necessity than tempted therefrom by ambition. They are often met.at step in any calling In which they may engage, by the ever-ready quotation popularly supposed to be applicable to all womankind, "that they be J;eepcrR at home." 'With all reverence fo .rhc oft-quoled opinion of the great Ajipsile, I will say that his admonition will scarcely apply to those women who, by toil of braiu or sweat of brow, are alone able to preserve even a semblance of home, and from this they must dally absent themselves or be, with their loved ones, permanently driven forth by gaunt famine, most dreaded child of poverty. How many of us have heard the remark and verily, from the wise look and confident manner which ac companies it, ouo is led to think that the speaker believes himself again en trenched behind St. Paul; how often, I say, have we heard from some self-constituted oracle, who, in his zealous search for woman's sphere, has wan dered far from his own, this remark concerning some woman engaged in public work, "Mie'had better be at home taking care of her children." Pray, good sir, who told you she had a home, or that there were children therein In need of her care? It does not more necessarily follow that, be cause she is a woman, she is tho fortu nate possessor of these blessings than that, because you are a man, you should attempt to write out for her her lesson of duty. This wholesale consignment of women to home and nursery duties, ncuicr or not in accordance wiut tneir condition or inclinations, was rather lu dicrously illustrated in my hearingdur- ing Miss Anthony's late visit to our State. Said a gentleman to a lady, "Miss Anthony is quite a pleasant look ing woman much more so than I had expected to see but, after all, I could not help thinking how much better she would have looked with a baby in her arms than with her lap filled with the placards announcing her appearance be fore tho public." Tho lady addressed slightly elevated her eye-brows, and presumed the gentleman meant a bor rowed baby. Now, although all women are not possessed of homes or, being possessed of them, must struggle abroad for their maintenance it is yet the lot of a vast majority to find their greatest pleasures and exorcise their chief tal ents in home work. No man can ex pect to have .1 home, in any degree worthy of the name, without the loving care of mother, wife, daughter or sister; yet it Is by no means necessary, in order to render this home attractive, that the women constituting part of the house hold should be secluded therein should, in common parlance, be always at home and constantly engaged in household cares. A little careful observation will convince one that those are by no means the happiest and best-regulated homes where this rule prevails. True, tho sweeping may bo done with great nicety and regularity; the meals served iu good season and faultless style; the weekly washing, ironing and mending accomplished in proper tituo and man ner, but does this atone, O husband, for the slowly paling cheek, tho wean stop, tho nervous movements, and, sad dest of all, for the constantly narrowing mind of the little wife, who is fast set tling into a household drudge, and who is each day less a companion for you less able to enter into and appreciate and enjoy with you those things in which you find your greatest pleasures, and this not from any natural inability or defect, but because you, from the ex tent and variety of your opportunities, are constantly advancing, while she, from the monotonous nature of her sur roundings in the narrow circle that comprises her world, can at best but re main stationary? It seems to me that "The mass ol mankind are uiieoiamonly slow To acknowledge a fact it behooves them to Know, And to learn that a woman Is not like a mouse, Needing nothing but cheese mid the ivalls of a house." Nor are the mass of women blameless in this respect, nor can they be so long as they dwarf their minds by so many needless cares, and by this to some ex tent "willful starvation" allow to He dormant those facultios, which, if prop erly cultivated, may be the means of bringing the refinement and happiness to their homes, for which their children's children will rise up and call them blessed. To many persons the name of iomc merely suggests the idea of a nlace to which oue can retire when weary, ob- tain reiresnments when hungry, fret scold when irritated. lautrit mwl and make merry when there is eomnativ in short, to repeat a common phrase, "a place where a man can go when he can't go anywhere else." Now, if it be really and truly necessary for a human animal to have a kennel, by all means let him be provided with one, and let him be the sole occupant thereof. Or, if a woman is so unfortunate as to pre side therein, do not require of her the human impossibility of rendering the place a pleasant oic To approximate at all nearly to human perfection iu our daily abodes is not the work of men alone, nor of women alone, but in this requisite means of happiness, as indeed all things else, whether for private in terest or public benefit, each should work with or for the other, and by mu tual and harmonious effort the twain may accomplish that which to either could only have resulted in failure. I repeat again, should either attempt to creato and maintain a per fect home, without the co-operaliou of the other, the result will mo9t likely be as signal, and, in a small way, as disas trous a failure, as men have already made iti attempting to form a perfect Government without the co-operation of women. Many lives have been spent, or rather mitvjicnt, in the unavailing effort to alone bring about this great disideratum; and the result has been how could it be otherwise? bitter dis appointment. And thousands are now engaged in the same discouraging at tempt, striving to convert their beauti ful theories ami delightful dreams of home life into living realities, but alas ! from want of oo-operation and sympa thy, as surely failing in the accomplish ment. Take, for example, one of per haps many of your acquaintances, who from a neat, lovelj- girl has in half a score of years degenerated Into an un tidy, unlovely woman. Sho was, you say, a few years ago as ";ieat as a pin." Pause a moment before you comment further and consider tno pools of tolmceo juice that she, with averted face and loathing hands, has washed from her Moor in the unavailing attempt to pre serve her native sense of cleanliness. Unavailing, did I say? Surely, for scarcely has the floor become dry from the recent washing ere it is again deluged with the offensive stains. And this is but a single one of the many de generating influences which, being brought to bear upon the citadel of neat ness, have at length compelled uncondi tional surrender. wonder, not because she is no longer neat, pains-taking and careful, but because she held out so long in the breath of so foul an atmosphere. True, it may be said, and very truth fully, that there is another side to this question. This T admit, and might pro ceed to gi-e an instance in which some man has striven bravely, and in the face of great obstacles, to' make and pre serve a pleasant home, but whose ellorts have proved unsuccessful from lack of interest and co-operation in his fashion able, ease-loving wife; but as a fulV share of the pathetic literature of the day turns upon this point, it Is only necessary to refer an anxious incident- seeker to any bookstore or public li brary, where he can be accommodated to any extent with such instances, duly labeled, "Hints to "Wives," "Advice to Mothers," "Counsel to Young "Women," etc., etc. Therefore it would seem su perfluous (o add another line to the thousands already written. Uut let us tako a home, so-called, the counterpart of which may bo found in more than ono locality, and tho original of which exists not n thousand miles from here. Established nearly a quarter of a cen tury ago, it is surrounded by prolific or chards, well-tilled fields and luxuriant pastures. Everything requisite, in .1 financial point of view, for creating a happy home is here. Look at that dingy, insignificant structure tliat seems trying in vain to hide behind those friendly oaks. Yes, that is tho house. Half a score of sons and daughters have been born and brought up within its walls. The little dark sitting room is begrimed with the smoke and soot of years. The walls are innocent of paint or whitewish, ami not even enlivened by a picture. Is it any wonder if the sons here grow up morose and unman ageable, with a restless desire to get away from home, and that the daugh ters prove shiftless and untidy amid tho discouragements of trying to make such a home look homelike? The mother is a literal keeper at home, and tries, with patience and cnorgy, fro do her duty by j iter children. The father is also desir . ousfurthcir welfare, butinstmngeshort j sightliness will 3ear after year invest his gains in land to add to his bread acres, or in cattle and horses wherewith to stock them, thinking thereby to lay up a rich inheritance for his heirs, while he Is depriving them of that best and dearest heritage, a happy, pleasant and beautiful home. Such homes as these. to use a similitude of Pollock, "Cut the fences down of virtue, sap her walls, and 1 open a smooth and easy way to death." The evil resulting tiiereform can scarce ly be computed. Wo sec it in the sor did, grasping selfishness which we daily encounter. It is written in lines not to be mistaken upon the brow of that now hardened criminal, who, being worked like an animal iu his boyhood, early es caped from his repulsive home to begin a life of vice and crime. It is witnessed in the utter disregard of parental admo nition and open defiance of parental au thority, which is deplored by thousand of parents who having perhaps unwit tingly sown the wind, are with bitter tears reaping the whirlwind. "J strive in vain to set these evils forth." It seems that tho mere contemplation of them, following as they do in the wake of these homes that are no liomes, would" cause even the most sordid persons to earnestly endeavor to provide their chil dren homes which will stand as a safe guard between them and evil tempta-tions-beauteful homes guarded by love, about which they will love to linger, to which they will ever gladly return, and the memory or which will hover as sweet incense forever around them. Speaking of the climate of the Argen tine Republic, Professor Gould says: "A bowl of water left uncovered in the morning is dry at night; ink vanishes from the ink-stand as if by magic; the 1 bodies of dead animals dry up instead of ! decomrtosinrr. and lipitlwr exorcise or exposure to the sun's rays produces per spi ration. About the commonest social vice, atid the one which is most abhorred, Is advice. Opinions of Eminent Statesmen on "Woman Suffrage. THK ItlOHT IIOX. W. IX OLADSTOXE. I cannot help thinking tliat, for some reason or other, there are various im portant particulars in which women ob tain much less than Justice under social derangements. If it should be found possible to arrango a safe and well adjusted alteration of the law as to political power, tho man who shall at tain that object, anil who shall see his purpose carried onward to its conse quences, in a more just arrangement of tho provisions of other laws bearing upon the condition and welfare of wom en, will, in my opinion, be a real bene factor to his country. Speech in the Home of Commons, Stay 3, 1S71. THE IlIOHT HON". II. DISRAELI. I say that in a country governed by a woman where you allow women to form part of the estate of the realm peeresses In their own right forexample where j-ou allow n woman not only to hold land, but to be a lady of tho manor ami iioiu legal courts where a woman by law may be a churchwarden and overseer of the poor, I do not see where she has so much to do with the State and Church, on what reasons, If you come to right, she lias not a right to vote. MR. J. S. MII.I. No one, I think, can possibly pretend that women, many of whom are respon sible heads of families, women who con duct an estate or manage a business, women who often pay rates ortaxes to a large amount, women who in tho capacity of schoolmistress teaclt a great deal. more than the great proportion of male electors ever learned, no one can pretend that such women can be pro nounced incapable of exercising the franchise which is conferred upon every male householder. If the sullrage were conceded, an unworthy stigma would be tuken oil" the whole sex; the law would ceaso to declare that they were unfit for serious things, and to pronounce that: ' their wishes and opinions wero not worthy attending to on tilings which concerned them equally with men, and on many which concerned them much more. Mliey could not bo classed with children, idiots and lunatics, as persons incapable of taking care of themselves and others, and who ought to have everything done for them without their consent. RU'KARII fonilEN". There are many ladies, I am happy to saj, present. Now, it is a very anoma lous and singular fact that they cannot voto themselves, and yet they have the power of conferring votes upon other j Minlft T tvlell flint lint! ttm frnnlilen for they would make a better iiso of it than their husbands. Speech in C'ovenl , Harden Theater, January 15, ISI-j, MR. JACOB URIOIIT, M. 1'. If it be iust ami richt that a woman should bo able to control the municipal expenditure to which her property con tributes, should she not have a right to control the parliamentary expenditure to which her property contributes? The local expenditure of tho country amounts to about 20,000,000 and the imperial expenditure to about 70,000, 000; and, if justice requires that she should have opportunity of controlling 111c expenditure or the smaller sum, is it not unjust to deprive iter of the menus of controlling the expenditure of tho larger? But we want votes for something else than merely to control tho expenditure of our money. Parliament can confiscate the prop erty of women, and it does so to a large extent. It can deal with liberty and life, and pass laws aflecting the happiness of people in the remotest cot tages of the land matters of far greater importance titan anything connected with expenditure. Snccch in the Jfouse of Commons, May I, 1S70. 15I01IT HON. GKOROn WARD IIl'.NT, M. 1. 1 belive the feeling against granting the franchise to women is tho result of old prejudice and not of reason, and therefore. I shall, with great pleasure, support the second reading of this BUI. Xpcccli tlclivercd in the Jfuiisc of Com mons, May 3, 1ST I. DR. I.YOX 1"IAYFAIR, M. I'. Many say we object to women inter fering iu politics because it is their nat ural function to he wives and mothers, and to attend to domestic rather than civil concerns. That I understand to be the argument of honorable gentlemen opposite. Wives and mothers may be thus fully occupied, but there are many women who are neither; and when it is remembered that therearefour hundred and eighty-seven thousand widows in this country! and oue million, ono hun dred nnd ten thousand spinsters, itisab Rurti to try to limit all women to the domestic Dearth, anil to prevent them extending their' sympathy beyond it or women, and I need only mention !!:rcC,.. V!.ff concern themselves with domestic, and not exhibit any interest iu public mat ters. These names are Miss Florence Nightingale, Miss Harriet Martineau and Miss Burdett Coutts. Speech in the JTovte of Commons, May -1, 1S70. MR. PETER RYI.ANIW, M. 1 I.aws have been passed which pressed unjustly upon women, and some of these laws are in existence now. Wom en have a right to have their voice heard in the settlement of questions which nflect their social position and their individual rights. Speech at Man cJitticr. ItlU VMJl..ViVU tihlk IUIIIVII mi 1 II 111 UIH A Mother's Ixkia-exce o.v the Chiu. Tho schoolmaster sees the mother's face dnguereotyped in the conduct and character of each little boy and girl. Nay, a chalice visitor, with a quick eve.sees very plainly which child ,l ra" tl,on roses ii daily baptized in the tranquil waters i f'1 ai broVB Vor,ruraI homo of a blessed home, and which is cradled ' J?,11 to failu 0,,,,ler and she iu violence, and suckled at the bosom of 1 '"" to wn Vf rse,,f "'If .ua,1 ' 1 10 task a storm. Did you ever look at a little M1,"11 returned home. But she had opened pond in a sour, dark day in .March ? 1 How sullen the swampy water looked! i The shore pouted at the pond, and the ponu maue mounts at uie lauu; and how the scraggy trees, cold and bare-armed, scowled over the edge! But look at it on a bright day in June, when great round-J tug ciouus, an gouien witn sunlight, checker the heavens, and seem like a great llock of sheep which the good God is tending in that upland pasture of the sky, and then how different looks the pond the shores all green, the heavens all gay, and tho pond laughs right out and blesses God! As the heavens over tho water, so a mother broods over the family, March or June, just as she will. Theodore Parker. N The WhiteWater-Lily. At the bottom of a wild, dark, muddy lake there lay a small root; the mud covered it, the frogs hid under it, and oneo a great turtle actually trod 011 it. "Oh, dear!" said the little root, talk ing to itself, "how dark and IniHeuse it is down here. Hardly a ray of light comes to me. They tell me it is light and beautiful above me there is a lovely skv there; but the heavy waters lie on me and press me down. Nobody ever thinks of me, or even knows that I live. lama poor useless thing, I can not communicato with any one. I might as well not be!" The snow covered the earth and filled the forest, the ice covered the lake, and there lay the little root, coiled up in loneliness. But when the spring had returned, and tho snows were gone and the ice had melted and the birds had come and the forest had put on its man tle of green, tho little root felt that Uiq water was warmer, nnd she peeped up with ono eye, and then she nestled and felt a strong desire to see the licht. So she shot up a long, smooth, beautiful stem till it reached the top of the lake. But when she attempted to draw it back again site found it would not come. But Instead of that, a little bud grew on the end of the stem. She called, but the bud gave no answer; it only swelled and grew larger and larger, and the rains fell on it, the sun and the moon seemed to smile on it and cheer it, till at last it hurst open, full of joy, and found itself the white, sweet, pure water-lily. lis leaves were of the pur est white, while iu its center was a golden spot covered with down. It lay upon the top of the water, and basked in the sun a most beautiful object. The root fed it, and felt that it was really herself, though iu a new form. The iiumming-bird passed over it, and tnrust its bill to suclc its sweetness. The air all around was made sweet bv its fragrance; still it felt that it was no use in tho world, and wished it could do something to make others happy. 1 At length the splashing of oars was heard, and the lily turned around to see what it meant. Just then she heard the voice of a little bov In the boat, spy ing: "Oh, father, what a beautiful lily! Do let me get it!" Then the boat turned slowly toward it, and the littlo boy put out his hand and seized it. The long stem broke off near tho root, and tho child held it in Ids hand. It seemed the fairest, sweet est tiling lie ever saw. "Now what will you do with it?" asked the father. "I'll look at it and smell of it." "Is there nobody else that would like " see and smell or it?" V!011'1, k"?w s'r- J'i i' o. now T think! Would not Jane Irving love to have it?" "I think she would." That afternoon poor Jane Irving, who lived in the cottugo just under the ma ple trees, lay on her sick bed alone. She was a itoor, motherless child. She knew that she had theconsumption and must die. She was thinking about the dark, cold grave, and wondering how she should ever come out of it. A tear stood iu each eye Just as the little boy came to her bedside with file white water-lily. "fcee here, Jane, I got lliat away out in the lake, and brought it for you. I thought you would like it." "Thank you, thank you! It is indeed very beautiful and very sweet. AVhat A long stem! .Where did it grow?" "It grew out of the mud iu the bottom of the lake, and this loug stem, as long as a man, shows how far down it grew. It was all alone not another one to be seen. I'm glad you like it, but I must go." And away ran the little boy. Jane held the ptue, white llower in her hand, and the good spirit seemed to whisper in her heart, "Jane, Jane, don't you see what God can do? Don't you HPO flint nilf (if ,1'ivtr Cull ttititl tin n.i 11 ...... u... u . . ,w,t lift,. IIU 1 bring n thing more beautiful than the garments of a queen, and as pure as an j angers wing; anti can't 11c also, irom the dark grave, raise you pure and beau tiful and glorious? Can you doubt it?" And tho heart of the poor child was fillet! with faith, and the angel of Hope wiped away her tears, and the lily preached of peace and mercy; when she withered she thanked God that nothing would be regarded as useless. This is the way the doors of Cornell University swung open responsive to the magical rap of tho coming woman. Years before tho establishment of the university there had been a laud grant from Congress to the State of New York, for educational purposes, of 099,000 acres. This was given to Cornell by the State, and as a return, that university offered each year to receive ono scholar ! hose cod d old Ulavs It was not thouel not -1fi.. s ,,n,i,i . c,;,i !, I ? matter Ja'nd no trU.e'SS iree irom every indicia! district. In 1110 omission until about two years ago, and then it camo iu the shape of a very bright young lady, who had grad uated from her home school and was prepared to and proposed to graduate from Cornell. She had been chosen by her district in consequence of her fitness for tho place, and the university author ities could do nothing but admit her to examination. She came off triumphant, and so was received. But now a new difficulty arose. There were no dom itories for ladies, and she was told she might stay, provided she would board in Ithica. This would require her to walk about a mile and climb a hill, upon the top of which the university is perched, so long and steep tliat the path must have beeu selected Just to remind the student of the trials and difficulties which beset his path. But she accepted the conditions and climbed the hill for two or three weeks, and then the roses f 1 'uruim"'""" iw year eight ',ad,es, ,ISveSH5"I7,et! aJmi!i- The dormitory difficulty has been removed itirougu me generosity 01 a .Mr. Sage who has given $150,000 to be used in the erection of one exclusively for ladies. It will not be long Lefore it is com pleted and Cornell hereafter will be im partial. iiirer-Occan. Josh Billings says: "Give the devil his ilue reads well enough iu a proverb; but what will become of ine and you if this arrangement is carried out?" "Small-pox here" and "Booms to rent" are the announcements 011 one door of a house In Detroit. A Crurade Against Labor. The farm laborers of Gloucestershire, oue of the richest agricultural regions f England, during the summer struck for higher wages. The land owners treated their demands with disdain, and regarded the movement as if it were an uprising against legitimate authority. The wages the former had been receiv ing until the strike had not varied in several yearn, but in the- meantime the necessaries or lire nail advanced, and the scanty pittance they received for their work left them on the verge of starvation. Tho idea finally reached the farm laborers to ask for additional wages and to form Unions to obtain united action. The so-called inferiorclergy had called public attention to the condition of the English peasantry in the very richest counties of England, and some of the body had endeavored to promote the emigration of the laborers from the poorer to 4he- better paid districts. Some of the high dignitaries, however, sided with the landlords, and on n re cent occasion the Bishop of Gloucester bitterly denounced the laboring people. He had been nine years in his diocese and had never heard any complaint, al though lie had associated freely with the people. Tills man of God enjoys prince ly revenues. He holds a seat in the House of Lords as one of the Lords spir itual of the LTnited Kingdom, and judg ing by events which have occurred iu Parliament on several occasions during the nast decade, he mut suffer from a defective memory. In 110 part of Eng land have the rural laborers fared woie than in Gloucestershire. But this dis tinguished prelate became indignant at his dock for askinir for ail in crease of wages to keep soul ami body . .1 -r .t !.. .-. . - logeiuer. jic tuuiigiii iitai me persons cncouracinK the strikers should bp ducked in the horse pond, and he ex tolled tno liberality ot the farmers in meeting the demands of the laborers in agreeing to give a shilling per week in crease, when they asked only the small sum of three or four shillings per week more than the wages which were cur rent nine years previously. The nobility followed the leadership of the prelate. No idea of concealing their intention, which they considered becoming their station iu life, prevented men f.tjirrssiuii 01 uuMuiiy 10 uie la borers. Several of these sent orders to the farmers that they were willinir to give them the disposal of the cottages occupied by the former. This, of course, would give the right to eject the cotters with their families from the shelter of their roofs. This contct has broken some of the bonds which united the cotters to their masters with more than iron bands, by local attachments. Many have sought new abodes. Others have becomeaware of the feudal power held over their per sons by the ability of the land owners to eject them from their houses; and have seen in the attitude of the prelates of the church a crusade against their rights, in favor of the titled classes. Some of the laborers, honest, simple minded men, expressed their feelings tliat the church should attempt to wield its influence against their right to ob tain muter wages. 1 lie agitation winch has taken place among the agricultural laborers will lead to demands for many itujwrtant reforms. Legislation is nettled to prevent tho ejection of tenants from their cottages in the summary manner which the laws ofEtiglatnl now permit land owners to exercise. The Union now numbers 130, 000 men, and the ballot will be de manded as the best means of securing their rights by giving them Parliamen tary representation. In this contest be tween the laborers and tho land holders, it is a regretful circumstance that the Bishops of Bipon and Gloucester did not merit the gratitude of the poor and lowly by being tho defenders of their just demand-', instead of employing the weight 01 tneir position against them for an increase of wages, earned "in the sweat of their brow" for their wives and children. .SVw Francisco Examiner. The Power of Interest. IlOW A MAX HAY BECOUK Btrlt OS bXAI.L 8E- :issim;s. The gradually increasing rate of in terest should make people wary of bor rowing money for speculative purposes, and especially hiring it for the purpose of unproductive property, or in the ex pectation of obtaining permanently liigli rents. It is the high rate of Interest which every few years causes a general breaking up of business, when property and products fall in prices. This nlso is what causes wealth gradually but stead ily to concentrate into the hands of comparatively a few persons in the com munity. Take any series of ten, twenty or thirty years, or more, and the longer the series the more positive and con clusive becomes the evidence of the fact, and it will be seen that the most profitable business in the world is the lending of money. The high rate of money, high rent and high taxes, must, in the course of a few years, tend to such a concentration of wealth as can not fail to be injurious to society, and will ultimately so straiten the debtor classes as to necessitate to a very great extent the process of wiping out old ac counts and beginning anew. A few ex amples will illustrate the great power of interest. A man buys a house for which he pays $10,000. He leases it and charges the tenant seven per cent, upon its cost, clear of-insurance, taxes and repairs. The rent is payable quarterly. A rate or interest of seven per cent, per annum, paid quarterly, will accumulate a sum equal to the principal loaned or invested in property in ten years, in mu nrst period of ten years, therefore, his rents build him another as costly a house as the first. In twenty years his rents build three such houses; in thirty years, j seven houses; in forty years, fifteen houses; in lirty years, uuriy-onc nouses; in sixty years, sixty-three houses, and in seventy years, one hundred and twenty-seven houses. In seventy years all these are built from the accumulated rents of one house. These houses are wortli $1,170,000, which sum has been paid for seventy years of oue house wortli $10,000. If, instead of being in vested in tho house and lot, the $10,000 were loaned on interest at seven per cent., and the interest collected and rc loaned quarterly, the money would ac cumulate precisely the same amount as the property. Take another illustration of the power of interest. Two mechanics just come of age are good workmen and desirous of oecoming rich. Each Is able to earn a dollar a day over and above his expen- ses. livery six months they Invest tke money thus earned at seven per cent, interest, the interest navalile half yearly. These men earn anverage of a dollar a day beside their oxpenses, three hundred days in each year, (hiring forty years and four months. The! rage is tlius sixty years and four months. Each earns bv labor S300 ir vear for forty years, or for the whole period, S-12,100 together, $21,200. But the. in terest on their returns Inaiuvl half vaarlv ior a penoti of forty years and four months, doubling at seven per cent., paid and re-invested half yearly, in ten years and four months ainounta to $10l,5o0 70, which added to the amount of $21,200 earned by their labor, makes the aggregate $123,750 70. The interest on the sum, $24,200, earned by their labor is $181,550 70, more than four and a quarter times greater than the amount they have earned by their labor. Sup pose the two men to live twenty, years and two months longer, that fs to the age of eighty -one yean and six months, and continue to loan their money. Dur ing this period it would double twice, making the total accumulation in sixty years and six months $51."i,002 80. The two men do not labor during the last twenty years and two months, and ex pend of their income for living during that period $15,002 60, leaving to thefr heirs $500,000. In forty years and four months they earn $21,200, and live twenty years afid two months on their money without labor. Subtract the money earned by labor, $20,200, and the remainder accumulated Jy interest fs $t75,boo. Now, not one dollar of this $475,800 is earned by the labor of these men. Tt is the leiral interest noon $24.- 2(m. These men live laboriously, soil work for a very moderate compensation. They take only the legal rate of interest. Neither do they enter into any specu lations. The amount io which these nations, municipalities, and corporations, as well as individuals are indebted, is a subject of general complaint. AVo see here the cause. It is an accumulation of inter- I est. It is an accumulation of interest i from which no adequate equivalent is obtained, or i-l-u it is lost by unjust ' management. .There is due to the es ! tate of these,itwotmen from the small ! savings of a dollar a day, a sum of $600, ! 000. It would take the labor of a single ! man for more than 1066 years to nay his principal; and it would require, atone dollar per day, the constant toil of more than 11C men to pay tho yearly interest of $35,000. From generation to genera tion these men might continue to pay , tno interest, ami sun tne tinmen be un diminished, and yet in the space of I sixty years and six months, two men, I from the small savings of a dollar a day, n i.tn.l I... 41... f :..!,. 1 ' rttittu nit; jmnct w inimical, ha vi? ac cumulated this amount. Take one more example on a national I scale; Interest of money at six per cent, per annum, jwyablo half-yearly, will double the principal in eleven years, eight months and twenty days; bat for con venience we will call it twelve yean. One thousand dollars loaned at six per cent, in twelve years will accumulate to $2,000; in twenty-four years to $4,000; in thirty-six years to $S,000; in forty-eight years to $32,000;"in seventy-two years fo ;hh,iwu; in cignty-iour years to $128,000; in ninety-six years to $256,000; in 108 years to S312,00i); in 120 years to $1,24, 000. Multiply this sum by 1024 and it will give the accumulation for 120 years more, or $l,O4S,570,00O. Multiply litis product by 1024, and we shall liave the accumulation during the next 120 years, or a period of 3C0 years $1,073,741,324, 000 one trillion, seventy-three billions, seven hundred and forty-one millions, eight hundred and twenty-four thousand dollars. This is rather an incomprehensible amount for even a nation to manage, but perhaps we can make use of one year's interest on the sum, which amounts to $64,421,604 40, or over $20 a minute for every minute in the age of the world, allowing it to be 6,000 years old. Or if this calculation is too complicated to be readily comprehended, we can take the interest of it for four months and pay off our whole national debt. So much for the power of legal interest. Montreal Transcript. The old German laws show the con tempt in which women were formerly held. Tho following is an instance: A common punishment for Molding women was the "shameful stone," which was hung round their Hecks. This stone was usually in the shape of a bottle. At Hamburg, libellers and slanderers were compelled to stand on a block, atid strike themselves three times on the mouth as a sign of repent nice. This custom still existed thirty or forty years ago. In some towns the 'Shameful stone" was in the shape of a loaf, whence the German saying, "a heavy hit of bread" (fin schtccrer btisen brod). At Lubeck it was in the shape of an oval dish; and in other places that of a woman putting out her tougue. Such stones were usually very heavy; accord ing to the law of Dortmund and Halber statlt (134S), they were to weigh a hun dred weight. Those who were wealthy could purchase exemption from the punishment with a bag full of hops tied with a red ribbon. Anotheroid custom punished a hen-pecked husband by re moving the roof of his honse 011 the ground that "a man who allows his wife to rule at home does not deserve protec tion against wind and weather." If two women fought in public, they were each put in a closed sentry-box, which left only their liead3 exposed, and then posted oposite each other in the mar ket, where they remained an hour, face to face, but unable to use their hands or feet. , 4RI T0 Girls. The woman who is indifferent to her looks is no true woman. God meant woman to beat tractive, to look well, to please, and it is one of her duties to carry out this in tention of her Maker. But that dress is to do it all, and to suffice, is more tlian we can be brought to bolieve. Just be cause we do love to see girls look well, as well as to live to some purpose, we would all urge upon them such a course cuiujj uiiu siuuy as will cumui oi charms as no modiste can supply. n icauiijg aim siuuy as win comer sow well known author once wrote a very pretty essay 011 the power of education to beauty. That it absolutely ehiBelleii tho features; that he had seen many a clumsy nose and thick pair of hps so modified by thought akenelYJr tive sentiment as to be 'inreeogniswl. And he put it on that ground t weso often sco people, mayMd uvMl tive in youth, bloom iu ,ulAdIYhln. a softened Indian summer of good IH and mellow tones.