A Journal for the Tcoplc. Devoted to the Interests of Humanity. Independent In Politics and Itellglon. Mlve to all Urc Issue, and Thoroughly Rad leal In Opposing ml Bxporie the "Wrongs ot the Manes. JIBS. A. J. Dl'A'lTVAT, Editor and Proprietor OFFICE Cor. Third and Washington St. TBItJIS, IX ADVAXCK: One vear. -3fO 1 75 Six months- CaSpondents writing over assumed signa tures mint mate known their names to the Editor, or no attention will be given to their communications. Ft.ee Sriuxn, Fr.ER I'aess, Fuke PnontE. Three months I 00 VOTJZFZrEi 1. POKTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, 2.XA.Y 3, Terms. 'LETTEE'PEOM HON. T. W. DAVEN POET. Kihtok New Xorthwkht: Our great want in Oregon has been a freo aud independent, liberal journal one of high moral convictions and firm purpose, and withal a toleration that can patiently boar contradiction and givo a fair presentation to all sides of a . disputed question. A paper in the pay of a party or a church is generally too mueh in leading strings for free discus sion, and even so-called independent journals, a great majority of them, are inoro echoes of the babbling crowd. Notwithstanding the difficulties In the way of success?, I am glad to say that the paper which you control appears to be the long wished-for journal. A great many editors seem to think that the only puriw.se of a newspaper is to venti late the editorial opinions and ecotism. that soon become very repulsive to lib eral minus. There must be a rare en dowment of logical acumen, united to rare facility and beauty of expression, to malto such egotism agreeaplc through a course of years. Some of our best and most powerful editors are constantly animated by tho delusion that they are - especially lilted by nature, aud predes tined from the foundation of the world, to promulgate certain doctrines which alone can save the race of mankind Such persons cannot bear any difference or opposition, inasmuch as it would be against God's will and have a tendency to thwart his plan of salvation. You will not deny that preachers are called by Cfod to preach I have heard them say so and it is just as reasonable that God calls editors also. There is one sin gular coincidence about these called prenohers aud editors phrenologically considered, they have very large bumps of vanity and self-esteem, which seem to spur them onward and forward quite as forcibly as Hie other voice, which j they my called them. In fact, a good deal of the time the voices get so mixed that it is impossible to tell who is which. I have seen many other well meaning persons that were equally puzzled in trying to separate the voices. The Lord would confer a great favor on us if ho would call modest men and women into his service, for then we should know his voice and have no doubts as to who is sued the call. The Lord undoubtedly called Gamaliel Bailey to edit the Rational Era, and as a consequence, that paper was the best conducted journal ever published in the United States of America. It was can did, truthful, impartial and able beyond that of any great newspaper published before or since. No man but Bailey could edit such a newspaper, and it died with him. Greeley, and Prentice, and Forney, and Bennett, aud Bayinond, and Curtlss, were as able and more pro line, but none so gifted with pure, un selfish wisdom. lie was wholly free from that species of small smartness so often brought Into use to avoid the point . of a hostile argument. lie met opposi tion manfully, and with no tinge of hatred to his opponents. During the long war of words against the slave power, in which lie bore so conspicuous a part, he maintained his equanimity of temper to the lost, notwithstanding the tempestuous sea of prejudice and passion whlehswallo wed up nearly every one else at the National Capital. He was at no time an alarmist, never pretended to be a pacificator or compromiser, but radi cal aud reformatory as he was, his hu manitarian influence and kindness did more to soothe the troubled elements of mind to truthfulness than all the con servatives of the land. However the Congress might ilame with passion, the X&tfomU Era was peace. The ardent radical of the North and the fire-eater of the South could each find food for cool reflection in its dispassionate pages, which over kept in view the brother hood of man aud the incompatibility of slavery with the animating spirit of the Great Republic. , No Southern man could know Bailey aud hate him, and probably no other man could have been allowed to conduct a free soil paper at our pro-slavery National Capital until lie had established the Rational Era, Ho was patient to hear, admitted the full force of an objection, aud never mis represented those who differed with his opluions. In these and many other qualities he was very much like Abraham Liucoln. I should like to adopt them as representative Atneri cans. It is my deliberate conviction that the Lord called them to their la bors, which were so thoroughly aud un selfishly performed. There is one trick which I have fre quently noticed in our journals, great aud small. Even the N. Y. Tribune has occasionally descended so far below its usual dignity as to parade the false or thography and grammar of a communi cation when it contained criticisms lev- oieu against uie editorial career. It is funny to know that equally as faulty onmmniiimi(innc In .1. vimmuuivauuu lu Ult'SC TCSDeCtS TC- ceive a favorable notice from the editor and the ideas of the correspondent get a iriuuuij uressiug up wiien they har monize with the editorial vanity. I havo failed to see that you have ever re sorted to this Hiflwly way of avoiding the strictures of those common sense but il literate persons who do not endorse all you write, x never expect to see the columns of your such small spleen. paper disgraced by Every literary person knows that our orthography is an absurd monstrosity, impossible of acquirement except by memorizing every word in the language, and that the fewest number of even ed ucated persons spell correctly according to tho present arbitrary method. Those editors who did not come up from the printing case are no better spellers than other folks, and punctuation with such is one of the lost arts. It is said that Horace Greeley is critically correct in orthography and punctuation, which may be so. However, if I did not know that H. G. is a living American, aud I had not learned hi3 autograph, I should certainly decide that his manuscript is, or ought to be, the first dead language. How any man can.be said to bo a good speller when his script docs not contain any letters belonging to any known lan guage is more than I can gues3. The wittiest, most humorous aud most sar castic remark that Horace ever made was when he handed his manuscript to uie typo with tho instruction to "follow copy." That beats Mark Twain's best. mere Is nothing in the "Innocents Abroad" to compare with it. Not even the celebrated witticism upon the chi rography of Christopher Columbus, for, If there were any connection between common sense and the orthography of H. G., he would be voted an idiot by ev ery school in the United States. In looking over the ground of contest for the future year, one cannot help but see that the Bible is the Molakoft from which the enemies of Universal Suffrage expect to do most of their fighting; and indeed it is their most advantageous po sition, no you suppose that auy person of sound mind would be guilty of as much folly in ouo communication as your correspondent who writes uudcr tho heading of "What will you do with it?" signing himself with three stars (I will call him "Tri-aster" for conven ience,), unless he could repose his non sense upon tho authority of Holy Writ? lou know African slavery was repug nant to every better feeling of human nature, and totally indefensible except for the examples and directions of the Old Testament Scriptures. "Of the heathen round about you yo shall buy bondwomen and bondmen," etc: land forthwith that relic of barbarism claimed respectability among Christian nations. The Mormons derive polyiramy from the Bible, and they obtain a certain re-' spectability and security and hundreds of defenders for anothor swerving relic because Jew David had a hundred wives and concubines, and was a man after God's own heart. Now, when the en lightened moral sentiments of progres sive civilization ask for the recognition of woman's equality with man, we aro met with the same stale old plea of "it's contrary to the Bible." "God made woman to bo ruled by man and ordained her subjugation to him, and wo cannot change the relation without disobeying the Divine will." The Bible docs not seem to be harmonious in its teachings, or else the theological scholars arc such numskulls that they cannot under stand them. The Sermon on the Mount would abolish slavery of every descrip tion. There is no serfdom or repression contained in that genuine Bepublicau document; but our Christian friends don't preach often from that text, and I have never yet heard of one practicing its requirements. Why, what would be thought of a Christian who, when lie is struck upon one check, should turn the other? Or when a brother minister had taken his coat should bestow his cloak also? Or when ho Is asked to go a mile with his enemy Bkould go two more? Or should oven attempt to love his neighbor as liimself? Or to love his enemies at all, aud to do good for evil? etc., etc Everybody knows that no body practices Christ's precepts or fol lows his example. The practice gener ally, among professing Christians, is quite the reverse. They, like the Mor mons are practicing the Old Testament doctrines of an eye for an cyo and a tooth for a tooth, and holding their wives un der Bible subjection according to tho Mosaic Laws. If any person doubts this assertion, there is a very easy way to test the matter. Offer one of our divines a 000 dollar bill aud see if lie don't take It, and quite quickly, too, for fear he may never have another chance. Insult liim once, watch close, and see if he don't "go for you." Steal his horse, and observe with what alacrity he will deposit your body in the penitentiary. Borrow money of him, and see with wnat gusto ne iai;cs uie highest per cent, with a compound regularly per annum. There are some glorious exceptions to the above criticisms, but generally the effort of Jesus Christ to make men lov ing, kind, gentle, deferential, humble, generous and human, aud above all to "do unto otherS as you would havo oth ers do unto you," has been so much of a failure with our present day Christians that they arc not entitled more than other people to dictate and explain the moral and social relations of mankind Their opinions arc so sectarian, and their practice so adverse, that their opinions concerning Holy Writ are not entitled to much weight. All things considered, the best plan is to go for ward with our progressive enterprises, abolish slavery wherever wo can find it, anu art up mankind everywhere to a j true appreciation of his condition and i destiny. I There ia one consolation for us deriva blc from experience, as wo proceed with our labors', that it is much easier for the theologians to reconstruct their creeds so as to include the reforms than for the world to stop moving. The Bible, un der priestly control, has been made a drag upon progress ever since wo can re member. Whether by right or wrong construction, I shall not stop to inquire which, it has been made to endorse a great share of the popular errors that have warred against the progressive tendencies of tho human race. In the end, however, tho priests manage by hook or by crook to make the Bible con form to each step of development which they could not successfully oppose. They ought by this time to havo learned something from the success which has attended them on previous occasions! aud commence the work of conforming before they are pushed to tho wall. It is high time that your correspond ent "Tri-aster" had begun to make his view of the Bible status of woman em brace her full equality beforo the law, for such is the inevitable, Jiiblc or no Bible. If the Bible stands in the way of Human Bights, so much the worse for the Bible If it be a good book, it will not oppose, but support good things. Ho says that the Bible has sustained some rude shocks from Astronomy and Geology, and it is plain that if he docs not set himself at work pretty soon ho will be obliged to record another severe shock by adding Anthropology on tho Scienco of Government to the list. "Tri-aster" and all the rest of mankind should know before a great while that the Bible has no power to make wrong right or right wrong, for the Almighty established these conditions several years before the Bible was written aud complied, and in order to place them out of the reach of vain-glorious and supersorviccable priests to interpolate and alter aud of cunning and selfish lay men to steal, He engraved them not upon stone, but upon the enduring tab lets of the human heart. T. W. D. A PEW THOUGHTS ON THE WOMAN QUESTION. Dear Mrs. Duniway:Itras suggested to mo some time since that I should contribute something to the New Noutjiwkst. At first I thought that I could not. I had been "out of practice" for a long time, and it also seemed to me that in these days, when every sub ject under the sun is so freely discussed, there could be but little chance for orig inality of thought or expression. So I feared that after I had written it would be discovered that some one else had been over the same ground, and so I should be accused of plagiarism, al though none had been intended. But an article in ono or your papers has given me a text, anu i win venture a few thoughts. If I wished to dignify tills witli a name I should be puzzled what to call it "Woman's Bights," "Wom an's Wrongs," or "Subjugation." I rather think it would be mixed. Bless you forever and ever, that you exercised the moral courage to show up in his true light tho man who insulted his wife by rendering her act of courtesy "null and void," and her guests by send ing them in such a manner from under his roof. If I could reach my hand half way across the continent, I would like to grasp yours; and if you could hear me, thank you in behalf of all the sub jugated women in Christendom. Then I would like to turn to that poor wife, and assuring her of my sympathy, bid her be of good cheer and hope for better days. Then but I won't say what I would like to do to him. But really he was no worse, and perhaps not quito as bad, as some I know. For his insuffer able meanness there can be no excuse ; but he was no hypocrite. Give even the devil his due. Ho might have en tcred his parlor with bows and smiles and welcomed the ladles with apparent ly the utmost cordiality, and maintained tho deception until they had passed be yond his threshold, impressed with tho belief that "Mr." was a charming man aud "Mrs." a fortunate and happy woman, and then uncorked tho vials of Ilia wrath and poured them on tho head of his devoted wife. The hypocrisy would have saved her from tho iutenso mortification she must have expert enced. She would also have missed tho sympathy since accorded her. Now, if this was but the solitary act of one individual, and we could believe there was no other like him, we might look upon him as a sort of monstrosity in society, and say no more. But, unfor tunately, he is but tho representative of a large class or men. Circumstances may difl!r, but tho principle is the same. They look upon women as the weaker sex, and weakness with them is synonymous with inferiority. They do not mean to be ruled by a womau, and acting upon the principle that "pre ventive is better than cure," they deny her reasonable requests, thwart her innocent plans, and in all possible ways give her to understand that she is to obey. Doubtless, in the case you have mentioned, the subjugating pro cess has been going on ever since the wane of the honeymoon. Every mar ried woman is considered as sustaining the relation of mistress in her own fam ily, but often tho title Is merely nomi nal. There is a master, and he is the head of the house; no united head- there such talk is all fiction but one absolutely independent head, and the mistress to use a phrase more expres sive than elegant is "nowhere." Such a woman's position is exceedingly anomolous. If she ha3 the temerity to act as If she possessed some rights of her own, her husband has the veto power, and he uses it unsparingly, often merely for the sake of Using it. She is not a partner in the concern; she has no voice in its management. She is not the hired help. If wages were given, her wardrobo often would not be iu such a dilapidated condition. Divest it of all disguises, and in reality her condition is one of slavery a slavery not far re moved from that which so lately dis graced us a nation. This may bo called strong language, but 1 am not making mere assertions. All I write can be abundantly proved. Many a sad woman will respond to its truth. Half a score of cases are fresh in my mind now, which I could use as illustrations. And this brings mo to a thought which may be in some slight degree original. Act ing upon the presumption that it is, I will at once lay it beforo your readers. You say, among other good things, your paper Is devoted to the "exposing and opposing of wrong." Now I would like to have all these domestic despots ex posed, by being held up to public in spection through its columns. Let those who aro cognizant of the small meanness aud petty tyranny of any such just write an account of the matter for publication. Write briefly, fearless ly, and without exaggeration. No need of calling names; let the picture be so true to life that when the original shall see it ho will say in his heart, "That means me," and blush If capable of blushing. There will bo small danger of prosecution for libel. Perhaps some may be converted, althongh my faith is weak at this point, for, "Can tho Ethco pian change his skin or the leopard his spot?" But, if not converted, they may at least he shamed into belter manners. But what a work I have planned. No one paper could accomplish it perhaps not all tho journals in the land devoted to Human Bights. I see my error my original idea Is impracticable; never theless let us have a "case" now and then, just to "salivate" them, as you say. Thero is much said about the "amelioration of the condition of worn- vii in iieuuieii juiius , mm we nave a i society for the "preventation of cruelty to animals." Does not tho condition of some teives in this Christian land need "ameliorating?" Is there no cruelty to bo prevented? Iam not writing about libertines or drunkards. There are enough to deal with them. I mean men who pride themselves upon their re spectability church members, minis ters of tho gospel even who at home are guilty of cruelty cruelty to the woman whom they havo won from home and friends, and who lias trusted all her happiness to their keeping. A wounded spirit Is far more soro than a broken bone; and yet many a man who would be shocked at the Idea of striking a woman will cause her heart to throb with bitter anguish by his unkind acts and words. If a woman of spirit, stung to the quick by a keen senso of tlie wrongs inflicted upon her, resents tlie indignities with severe, yet merited lan guage, she is termed a termagant. If she weeps and pines in silence, then she is moping, aud the author of her misery falls to pitying himself because of his misalliance. Aud if one even hints of these wrongs in some publication or meeting, he or she is accused of attempt ing to undermine the foundations of so ciety. That AVomau Suffrage will yet prevail I do not doubt. It is only a question of time. Public sentiment is advancing and prejudice giving way. When this good time shall arrive, I trust thnt while the women of our land s-hall exorcise their rights in public affairs, they may also bo permitted to "vote" in "home" matters, and that the "veto" power may be somewhat more limited than it now is. Syhii, Emjieksox. EEFLEOTIONS. "We arc rejoicing in tho glorious sun light that floods the earth with its mel low radiance aud seems to make all na ture joyous and bright. We say, how long It is since the sun shone. And yet the sun has been shiuing just as bright ly all this long, dreary, rainy winter as it has to-day. Far up above the clouds, that show to us only an aspect of gloom and darkness, has been ail the while brightness and beauty an eternal sum mer; aud the upper surface of these same lowering clouds must have been beautiful to behold. Think of this, 0 mortals, when the sorrowful earth ia veiled by storm-clouds; when the warmth and light of the day-god canuot penetrate the envious curtain that hangs like a pall over the fair faeo of nature. It is just so in our inner life. The clouds of adversity and trouble close darkly arouud us, aud we loo often de spairingly think that tho beneficent sunlight of God's love and providence is not shining, when the only difficulty is, that wo have not tho faith to look up through the darkness and gloom and discern tlie calm radiance of divine love and tenderness that Is ever out shining from our Father's face ever ready to enfold us iu its glow. Friends, let us learn to look beyond the clouds. Portia. Subscribe for the New Noiitiiwest. LETTEE PBOM COTTAGE GBOYE. Cottage Grove, April 11, 1872. Editor New Kortowbst : Although I havo never written any thing for the public eye, I would like to say something In regard to common schools in Oregon. We have a school law that has many good points, but which almost fails in its object. The object of common schools is to educate the masses, by providing means from tho common funds to educate those who aro not able to help themselves. But to apportion the common school money according to tho number of children gives it to tho populous districts and helps the weak but little whereas the money ought to bo apportioned accord ing to the number of teachers employed. It costs as much to hire a teacher of the same grade to teach twelve children as forty. J. P. T. Who are tho Healthy Women Among Us ? BY ANTOINETTE BUOWJf BLACKWEI.L. As I write from a rural neighborhood, I may be compelled to testify that there still are healthy women among us rosy-cheeked maidens, with ample waists and well-expanded chests, who can walk a mile or two to school, and sometimes help milk cows; middle-aged, unmarried women, with stout, well-knit physique, plenty to do and cheerful hearts, accepting and glorifying the most menial duties; mothers, who cau bear a reasonable number of children, and look as wholesome still in the green country setting as well-ripened apples in Autumn, hanging up among their glossy dark leaves. These aro our healthy women. They all have somclhtny to do; , aud yet are not overburdened cither with care or never-ending labor. Now, j who aro the healthy women of the great world? When I used to be among them, "taking notes," I was immensely im pressed with the fact that it was inva riably women who had something to do, and did it always with a vigorous and reasonable enjoyment in the occupation. In the field, iu tho factory, iu the house hold, on the platform, in the study, in the studio, and in a hundred other places, I have seen such women; but 1 never knew a thoroughly healthy woman who had nothing to do except to get other women to make her pretty little things to wear; aud to wear them herself, chiefly at midnight. I am prepared to make the broad as sertion that the average health of the intellectually working women of the last twenty years, hi this country, is quite on a par with that of a small a par witli tliat or a smaller nlnsi nf niKii. T nlllrtn. mnroniw that. tne neaitii oi nnnd-worKers among men is rather below than above tlie medium standard of health for men generally reason obvious: they stimulate mind, at the oxpense of bod v. On tlie eontmrv. the average health of tho women who coin money with their brains is above tne average Health or women generally reason obvious: they have gained an additional object in life; have estab lished a balance of harmony between mind and body most of them still re taining n fair share of the ordinary duties and privileges of womanhood. It remains for the public to decide whether those assertions are correct or incorrect. If they ore facts, here is ono direct nventio to health for women already in dicated. I believe, moreover, that the health of working women of all grades, uirougnnui an uie various occupations i in which they are now encaged, is fairl v equai otner tilings being exactly bal anced to tne uenmioi men m tnosamc or similar vocations! Are these things so ? The 19th century is not tlie 27th, and America is not Europe. The doc trine oi evolution nas been wonderfully applied to nerves among us among our women in particular and now, if we hinder its equal application to the quickening of womanly energies, society must evidently be tne sullcrer in conse quence. Airs, Uhitu, wim ncr unresting, earnest, graceful pen, which has instructed aud delighted tho nation for these forty years, has yet so judiciously balanced all this with household duties, that to day she is a comely, portly matron, who may be put forward with pride as a bright exemplar to cither sex. Lucrctia Mott, at eighty years, after a long life of many activities, retains to day the same vigorous niiud in the still beautiful body. Time would fail me to oiler examples, though the tempalion is strong, almost resistless, in that direc tion; but instead of yielding to it, allow me to face about and give the other side of tho picture. Who are the unhealthy women among us? In tho country, our unhealthy women are the laborers' or fanners' wives, who havo many children, many toils, few assistants, few diversions, and, therefore, many nerves and ailments aud few enjoyments or points of cheerful j outloolc lino tuc iuiure. j.neir young daughters, thin and sapless at birth, are. perhaps, fed on pork and cucumbers, and chained to a heavy baby during all the years of growth; and iu young ladyhood they diet on poor novels aud arc chained to tne neeuie or iuu mauug inuciuiie. Even country fresh air is not a fair offset to a regimen like this, so that both tho red and white damsels are as common hereabout as tlie two patches of red and whlto flax iu the country gardens, the varieties often growing so closely to gether that the colors arc greatly mixed. The domestic women are not all dead yet, cither in town or country; and the female sex has not yet gone en masse to Newport or to Saratoga. No end of toil is, perhaps, as bad as no beginning. Incessant brain-work is, doubtless, a severe trial to the nervous system; but ceaseless nursery details, added to thecndloxslyrepeatingprocesses of tlie three meals a day administration, are a tax immeasurably more severe upon auy human organization, male or ....! H'lin nnr mnv ltm. clnln ltn lUUldlL ..- -.j .....w oulll iu thousands of American men, but tho n4I.A ltifpfllItAVP?ltv-frtllr linitre UIIICI) ' k 1 ' ' . . j auu . V 1. L J ueat oi cuic, tnwit nil uuMiiiu sleep, has slain its tens of thousands of American women. Nerve? Certainly. Not until the maternal heart of the nation has found the conditions where it cau rest and enjoy tranquility, freo from all harassing cares, some few hours, at least, out of every day, may we even ex pect anything except nerves, either for tne motuers or ior mu uiuiurcii Givo everv matron three full hours daily for her own enjoyment, and per- suuue uer to swuu ip m iuu u-u uir ercise of brain, muscle, and lungs; aud, depend upon it, wc shall speedily create a raco of healthy women anions no despite any exhausting peculiarities of our western climate. Fashion will, undoubtedly, go on still tcacinug ncr votaries mac mere is exouisite beautyand refinement alike In a lady's small waist and in her delicate health. "While she does this, her fol lowers will unquestionably continue to lay a little health daily, (or nightly) as a cheerful sacrifice, upon her altar. This is all very pitiful, but thero is no remedy except to create for them a more humane goddess, whom tney may less harmfully worship. Meantime, the ele gant lady may probably become the mother of one or two children, and per haps she is about as likely to entail her iragiie constitution upon horson as upon her daughter. In the next generation, will it be necessary to ask, Have we a ncaiuiy man among us V Woman Suffrage Organization. BY ELIZABETH CADV STANTOX. I am frequently asked by correspond ents about the number and differences of tho woman suffrage organizations, and, as I have not time to answer all separately, will make a brief statement of facts In the Golden Age. At present, there are four so-called national organizations; one on tho Pa cific Slope, of which Mrs. Emily Pitts Stevens is President; the Northwestern, of which Mrs. Addie Hazlett Is Presi dent; the Boston wing, called the "American," of which Mrs. Lucy Stone is President; and the National Suffrage Committee, of which I am President. These are all working for tlie same grand end. Their differences it might be dif ficult to state, as they arc based more on personalities than principles. The National Suffrage Committee made Its "new departure" in tho "Wood hull memorial," assuming that women are already "citizens" by the Federal Constitution, specifically declared so by the fourteenth and fifteenth amend ments, in wnicu, lor tlie hrst tune, a "citizen" is clearly defined, and ills or her fundamental right to vote as such plainly declared. With this view, our manner of agita tion is radically changed. Instead of forming county societies, rolling up pe titions against unjust laws, or iu favor of further amendments to State and na tional constitutions, we demand our rights at the ballot-box, in the courts, before judiciary committees of Congress. aud in annual conventions at the Fed eral capital. I-or three years in succes sion we havo held conventions in Wash inston, which, in numbers aud cntliusi asm, have marked a new era iu this re form. With lawyers, indcres. statesmen and publicists, ail discussing the constitu tional ngut oi woman to tlie sullrage, ! WG lliav coil'rratulflte ourselves thnt this question nas passeu me court ot moral discussion, and is now fairly ushered j into the arena of politics, where sooner i or inter it win oe uie interest oi some party to ln&cribo woman's suffrage on its banner. There aro some leading ! minds, in the "Northwestern" and ' American- anu ".t'acihc Slope" socie- tics, who agree witli the "National" on this point, but they have taken no offi cial action in this direction, the major ity inclining rainer to a demand lor a Sixteenth Amendment. This, then, is tlie distinguished feature of the "Na tional" association. Wa lllVfi nnr nfllAn !r WnelilnivfAii where tracts and reports can be obtained from Mrs. Josephine S. Grilling, Secre tary. We have scattered during the year thousands of Benjamin F. Butler's aoie reports on tne nvoouiiuu memorial, Mr. Biddlc's able argument. Mrs. Wood- hull's speeches on "Constitutional Equality," "Labor and Capital," and "finance," and Theodore Tiltou's later tracts. Some people carp at the "National" organization because it endorses Mrs. Woodhull. When our representatives at Washington granted to Victoria C. Woodhull a hearing before the Judiciary Committee of both Houses an honor conferred on no other woman in the na tion before they recognized Mrs. Wood hull as the leader of tlie woman suffrage movement in this country. And thoso of us who were convinced by her unan swerable arguments that her position were sound, had no choice but to follow. Mrs. Woodhull's speeches aud writ ings on all tlie great questions of na tional life are beyond anything yet pro duced by man or womau on our plat form. What if foul-mouthed Scandal. with its many tongues, seeks to defile her? Shall we ignore n champion like this ? Admit, for the sake of argument, that all men say of her is true though it is false that she had been or is a courtezan in sentiment and practice. When a woman of this class shall sud denly devote herself to the study of the grave problems of life, brought there by profound thought or sad experience, and, with new faith and hope, struggles io reueera tne errors oi tlie nast hv grand life in the future, shall wc not welcome her to the better place she de sires to hold? There is to me a sacred ness in individual experience that it seems liko profanation to search into and expose. Victoria C. Woodhull stauds before us to-day a grand, brave woman, rauicai aiiKe in political, relig ious and social principles. Her face and form indicate the complete triumph in her nature of the spiritual over the sen suous. The processes of her education are little to us; tlie grand result is every thing. Are our brilliant flowers less fragrant, our luscious fruits less palata ble, because the debris of sewers and barnyards have enriched them? The nature thnt can pass through all phases of social degradation vice, crime, pov erty, and temptation in all its forms and yet maintain a purity aud dignity of character through all, gives unmissa ble proof of its high origin, its divinity. Tlie Lilium Laudidum, that magnifi cent lily, so white and pure that it looks as if it ne'er could battle with the wind and storm, that queen of flowers, flour ishes in all soils, braves all winds and weathers, sunshine aud ralu, heat ami coin. and. with n font in irozeu cious, still lifts its pure, white face forever to ward tho stars. When I think of the merciless and continued persecution of that little woman by the entire press of this nation, I blush for humanity. Iu the name of woman, let me thank you for so gener ously defending her. In reading the re ports of her Steiuway speech, I could see nothing so monstrously immoral on which to baso tho severe editorial com ments of our journals. It seems to me j that the Legislatures of our several i Duties, in grantlnir eicineen causes " i divorce, and in their bills to license j prostitution by the State, are more le - gitlmato targets for the press of a nation tiian one suffering woman who has been It,.;? U"JUSUJ scanned in her own flesh bvthe Iron teetli oflaw. 41. fears or women of one another, lest t nej should be compromised by those they imagine less reputable than tliem- ?H nfi' .as aU8i"B Pitiful. I am toid mat the English women were quite nervous at the report that Anna Dickin son, Kate Field, and Olive Logan talked of visiting that country they were so afraid lest they, by some indiscretion, might injure tho suffrage movement. While each of these are equally afraid of each other and the movement, the weak minded and tho ministers aro afraid of us, one and all, and we in turn are afraid of each other. The women of Kansas were greatly troubled by Lucy Stone, when sho traveled through the State, because she did not bear her husband's name, and had publicly protested against tho civil code in the legal marriage, while she is equally disturbed with Victoria Woodhull for following her ex ample. Women with two and three husbands living at the same time, who advocate the monogamic relation, are afraid of me, though I never had but ono husband, and advocate divorce ior tue miserable. Now I think we had better acroe to fight this battle just as our fathers and husbands havo their two revolutions enroll all that aro loyal to the principle. How much of an army should we havo had for the rebellion, if every man who came to enroll himself had been asked : 'Do you smoke, chew, drink,steal, lie, swear ; Are you low-ureti, illiterate, or licentious? If so you cannot fight for freedom." Was it not just this element we swept into the army? And were not they the better for suffering and dying fora noble cause? Churches and reform associations are just the places to draw in tlie sinners, aud inspire them with a new and noble purpose. Alas for those ruansees that are lorever manning tno Lord that they are not like other men. Jesus, the good and perfect oue, ate and tallied with publicans aim sinners, and was ever kind and merciful to the erring and unfortunate lagdaiens ot his times. Let us, one and all, follow his example. Golden Age. Can Women Fight. Dr. Lord, who since the opening of the year has been giving historical lectures in Boston, had for a subject recently, "Phlllipa," (the mother of tho famous Black PrinccT, aud iu the course of his remarks, said : "The annals of tlie Middle Ages are full of the noble deeds of women. When Edward HI. was engaged in his Scottish war the Couutess ot Mardi defended Dunbar with uncommon courage and obstinacy, against Montague and an English army. And, contemporaneous witli her, Jane, Countes3 of Montford, shut herself up in the fortress of Hene burn, and defied the whole power of Charles of Bloise. Clad Iu complete armor she stood foremost in tlie breach, sustained the most violent assaults, and displayed a skill that would have done honor to the most experienced generals. And Marzia, of the Illustrious family of the Maldina, sustained, honorably, a siege against the Papal troopsat Cresena, ten times more numerous than her own. Jane Hatchett repulsed, in porsou. a body of Burguudians when thoy be sieged the town of Beauvias. In tho chivalrous ages women not onlyattacked and defended fortifications, but even commanded armies aud obtained vic tories. Joan of Arc, a simple and uned ucated shenerdess. was tho instrument of that sudden revolution in tlie affuirs of France which terminated iu the es tablishment of Charles VII. on the throne. Agnes Soul aroused this king to deeds of glory when sunk in enervat ing pleasure. Altrude, Countess of Bertenora, advanced, in person, with an army to the relief of Ancona. Bona Lombnrdi, at tho head of her bravo troops, liberated her husband from enp tivlty and imprisonment. Isabella of Lorraine, when her husband was taken prisoner, rallied an army for his rescue. Margaret of Anjou was the life of tho Laucastcriau party in tho wars of the Boscs, and defeated, herself, the Duko of York at Wakefield. Tlie Countess Ma tilda sustained sieves against Henry IV., the great Franconian Emperor. Carlotta Patti is pronounced by tho European critics of late to be the great est concert singer the world knows. Lately, when she made her tour iu South America, her reception probably surpassed anything ever know in tlie history of vocalists. This is all the more noteworthy that Bio Janeiro is one of titc most critical and wealthy cities of tho universe, and has had an opportun ity of judging all tho great reputations of tho present day. It "may be truly said that Carlotta Patti had an entree worthy of a princess into the city. Tri umphal arches were erected, under winch she was to pass. Flowers strewed her path, and at her performance boquets were thrown her, glittering with pre cious stones. The critic ot tne leauuig paper wrote: " When we hear Carlotta Patti we look for the bird that produces the sound. If angels sing so we shall bo satisfied with Paradise." And so they went on with this hyperbolic Inn gunge to express thelradmiration of this delightful singer. Ali. Men akb Created Equal. Many men, many niin f-niany judges, many judgments. In Illinois, the judges in one Supreme Court held that tlie maxim of independence, "all men arc created equal," does not extend to wom en aud that by virtue thereof, or of any thing else, they have no right of suf frage. In tlie same State, another Su preme Court decides that this maxim does apply to vagrant children, so that a statute providing for the rescue of such "little wanderers," and the committal of them to a reformatory school is uncon stitutional, and a "tyrannical and op pressive" infringement upon tlie liber rios of the citizen. In effect, therefore, juvenile vagrancy receives judicial sanc tion, nnd tne State is poweness iu i"" tect and save destitute minors and or phans! Wo thought Sains popidi su prema lex. Canada Law Journal. Lucy Stone in a receut Woman Suf frage address, gave tho following as a provision of a will on probate in Boston: 'l bequeath to my wife, Elizabeth, tho $50,000 which was her's before our mar riage, as long as she remains a widow, am? no longer." How would a will sound, said Lucy, that read thus: "I be oueath to my husband, John, the $50,000 i. . . i.!. i r WUICU was ilia ueioro our uiamui., s long as he remains a widower, aud no longer." , . t , . . ,, , The wife's secret-her opinion ot her 1 liusbaud.