The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887, February 16, 1872, Image 2

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..FEBRUARY 16, 1S72.
Our subscribers will confer a great fa
vor upon this office by forwarding to
our address the back numbers 23, JK and
39 of the New North wkstt, as those
numbers are needed to complete our
The Fort "Wayne woman who sued
her husband for" pay, for fourteen years
of sen-ice in his household, on the ground
that there was a Haw in the marriage
cereinonj-, has been awarded 81,163 by
the Allen Circuit Court. All thejopcrs.
What a lesson may be learned from
the above! Marriage, which should be
the freest institution under the sun for
the exercise of the individual rights of
man and woman, under our present
statutes so degrades the woman that she
works all her life for the wages of a
slave. c know many women who
would rejoice could they but find a flaw
in the marriage deed of masculine own
ership which would insure them pecun
iary independence: and these women
are wives of wealthy men, to whom
few dollars arc as nothing. "What can
we uxpeot of women under such strait
ened circumstances but that they shall
be, when they have liberty, idle spend
thrifts? or, when that liberty is denied
them, that tliey shall be penurious and
mean? Many a woman whose raiment
is fine and expensive, aud whose out
ward show of wealth is grand, is in real
ity so rigidly poverty-stricken as to get
the name of a close-fisted niggard, when,
had she but an opportunity to manage
the earnings which" a man would un
grudgingly grant to any courtesan, she
would be a model of generosity and fair
dealing. All this grows out of our pres
ent marriage laws, which recognize the
husband and wife as one, aud that one
fho husband, every time.
Search tho records, ye povcrtj'-strick-en
wives of rich husbands, and see it you
can't Jind legal grounds for complaint
that you have no pecuniary rights, and
thus bring your husbands to terms.
"In a recent letter Olive Ixgan an
nounces her intention of abandoning the
cause of "Woman Suffrage. She says it
has beon loaded with so many obnoxi
ous features that it is becoming a nuis
ance to audiences and to her." Xonpa
rciL That is good for the Woman Suffrage
cause, as in her "abandonment" it will
get rid of one of the nuisances with
which It has heeu loaded. Kven Mrs,
"Woodhull herself has not done more to
injure the cause in the minds of manv.
than this same Olive Logan, who has
neen traveling tne country over witli
Wirt Sykes for her constant companion.
the post two years. Olive Logan was
never a Woman Suflragist from princi
ple, but only such by profession, as a
.matter of commerce and profit to hcr-
seii. fcne nas laKcu little or no part in
the work of promoting the cause, and
has at times been severely rebuked by
some oi tne "Old guani," who never
liked her, or considered her in good fel
lowship, holier leaving the party will
cause no tears to flow, but rather a feel
ing or thanksgiving that this "nuis
ance" has taken herself out of their
The Walla Walla Union, from which
we clip the foregoing, comas to us after
a long absence. Having raised the snow
and ice blockade and showed its wel
come face in our sanctum, it further
checreth us by taking sides with truth
against the storms of error. To greet
our "Walla "Walla exchanges after so long
an interval is a great pleasure, and to
find one of them containing words of re
spect aud cheer for the Woman Suffrage
party gladdens our editorial atmos
phere. Olive Logan, don't you see that you
areloslug caste?
Our very fucetious, but remarkably
tmdty brother of the Albany Democrat,
has learned that we, "in private conver
sation while at Albany," gave the edi
tors of that thriving city "particular
fits," and so on. We gave our brother
credit for more gumption than he exhib
its in lKMlcvIng any such nonsense.
Brother Brown was particularly "rever
ent' aud all that, and we're very much
obliged to him. We left Albany before
the newspapers "came out," saw them
in Eugene, where we scribbled off our
say about them for the 2kw "South
west of last week, and had no oppor
tunity to "give 'em fits for treating us
irreverently," even if they had riled us,
which thoy didn't. If our contemporary
believes every yarn with which "pri
vate conversationalists" hoax him, he'll
have a merry time of It. Certainly,
brother, "give cackling hens and crow
ing roostors" such countenance as suit
eth you. It's none of our funeral.
Our readers will remember that a cer
tain J. B. Frost, who figured conspicu
ously in the Statesman lost fall as an
anti-womau suflragist, was indorsed by
that journal as an "educated woman,"
whom he was "pleased to present to his
readers," and so forth. Well, Samuel
hath changed his mind. He now callcth
her many hard names, among which
"bilk" aud "cheat" predominate. We
knew it all the time, Samuel. Sfo wom
an can take issue against the ballot for
her sex in this age of enlightenment
unless she t a bilk and a cheat. And
wc are glad that you arc leaniing that
this is true. We have great hope for
you, Samuel. Only sign that note and
we'll be-satisfied.
The city Council of Springfield, Mass.,
has appointed Mrs. J. Williams city
physician. What would the world have
said of such an innovation upon man's
supposed emoluments a half dozen years
Leaving the home of our excellent
friends in Eugene on the Gth itistat
3:30 a. sr., escorted "by an obliging
member of the hospitable family, who
uugrumbliugly accompanied us over the
snow and slush for a half niile? through
the mist of the morning darkness, to
the depot, we soon found ourself cn
route for Harriiburg, where .ycftjyyere
announced to speak in the evening.
This town is a lively, wide-awake little
burg, and boasts a church, a picture
gallery one hotel, an excellent school,
tolerable sidewalks 'and hospitable" citi
zens. The hall of the academy building
was filled to overflowing shortly after
nightfall, and during the hour and a
half occupied by the lecture a complete
barricade of listening men jammed the
aisles and doorways, keeping such per
fect order as is soldom seen anywhere.
Ladies improvised all sorts of scats,
children sat upon the floor, and every
body made the best of the overcrowded
We expected to proceed to Albany
the next morning, k we mado no ap
pointment at the close of the meeting
for the following evening, but we over
slept, aud the train whizzed by and left
us. So another meeting was announced
by the aid of circulars, and tho crowd
convened again on Wednesday evening,
and were as attentive and orderly as be
fore. We were on hand for tho Thursday
morning train, aud reached Albany
through a vast water-submerged re
gion, twenty miles across, just as the
morning sun tipped the grand mountain
tops, and the curling smoke from a
hundred chimneys roe lazily upon the
morning air. Spent the day among
friends, and the night in much needed
Oil again at 7 A. M. for Jcllersou,
where, with Rev. Mr. Miller, of Scio,
we held au enthusiastic temporance
meeting in the new aud tastily con
structed Methodist church. Temper
ance and Woman Sullrage go hand in
hand with law and order, aud who
shall say they will not conquer?
Train on Saturday a. m. for Salem.
Good audience at this place in spite of
the hardest rain-storm of the season.
Mrs. Carrie F. Young was called upon
at the close of our lecture, and she
stepped squarely and boldly upon the
Woman Suffrage platform, and assured
our enemies that our success was inev
itable. What says the Corvallis Ga
zette We gathered good harvests of
subscribers for the Xew "Southwest,
and promised to talk some more poli
tics in Salem at au early day, although
the Statesman "knows we can't."
We're ready to give it up, friend States
man, when the jeople no longer want to
hear us.
Mrs. Duuiway "heard of a certain
chattel mortgage while in Salem a few
days .since" and made a note of it; hut
she is singularly at fault in stating what
bearing it nad on btate atlairs. She
says it was accepted by the State "as se
curity for funds loaned to insolvent cor-
jHiratious." J his Is wide of the mark.
The transaction has nothing whatever
to do with the loaning of the public
funds. And it lias nothing to do with
any transaction or liability created by
tne present htate Administration. But
tho chattel mortiraire mentioned was ac
cepted by the State to assist the Hotel
Comiiany. a maforihi of whom arc Jic-
publicans, in paying of an old debt due
titc ooU8 Administration, constructed
by Superintendent Berry on sale of J'cn
itcntiary brick, trhich llcrrn left over un
settled for the present officers to collct-l.
These chattels were turned over to be
sold by the present Superintendent to pay
tne oui ueut made uy a judical Admin
istration, as far as the assets will go.
But as there is personal security on tho
nolo given lor the uncle, tne balance
will be collected also in due time, with
lawful interest, ho that the btate will
probably lose no thine But if the State
should lose, it would be on account of
Radical mismanagement in selling
without security for pay. The present
nffipors nrn ntl.-.MTf fi ptMi inwif .111.
. . ' ...... V...
igencc, all the old liabilities left over
for tlicm to attend to, and they are mak
ing no ucuis oi a questionable character.
You sec, friend Mercury, that we are
willing to give your side of the story a
fair hearing. We arc willing, also, to
give the present State Administration
the benefit of a doubt; and we shall
watch the future unfolding of financial
operations with much interest, that we
may learn whether or not the "present
officers" redeem your pledges.
The dapper fingered little darling who
does the telegrams for our man's rights
dallies in San Francisco says:
The Woman Suflragist, generally
designated as the "Hen Convention,"
met this morning at Pacific Hail, and
organized by electing Mrs. Snow Presi
dent and Mrs. Collins Secretary. About
forty delegates were In attendance.
Mrs. De olfe, Mrs. S. Lee, Mrs. Water
house, Mrs. HIgby and Mrs. Whltuev
were appointed a committee for life
nomination of officers for the ensuing
year; and a small gentleman with hair
parted in the middle, name not heard
distinctly, then made a speech.
JCo wonder that many men who occu
py telegraph offices are opposed to
Woman Suffrage. They fear, and just
lythe soft-handed, shallow-brained,
iufinitcssimal popinjays that women
will assume these light employments in
the good time coming and send them
forth to earn their bread in the sweat of
their brow.
Elsewhere we call attention to the
"ably conducted journal" called the
Mercury. If any hotly doubts that it is
ably conducted, let him read the follow
ing, which we copy verbatim:
Really this "woman suffrage move
ment" is making some headway. Mrs.
Duuiway, the other evening, mencioned
as among the "eminent clergymen"
who supported the cause, Rev. Henry
Ward Beecher, Rev. Bishop Simpson
and Rev. "Dicky" Henderson. This
grand triumoiratc of genius and piety
was not completed until just the other
day, when Mrs, Duniway was at Eugene
and "converted" "Uncle Dicky."
We think our brethren need a proof
As the passenger train was coming
down from Albany on Sunday last, be
irig a little ahead of time, it switched
off at the usual place of meeting the
freight train, which was, It seemed, pre
paring to take its proper position on the
switch to allow the passenger train to
pass. The locomotive or the down tram
failed to get out of the way at the proper
instant and a freight car hacked into it,
materially damaging the engine's plat
ing,boiler,ctc A freight car was alsc-bad-ly
damaged. The head of the locomotive
was patched up with boards and gunny
sacks, and, after a half hour's delay,
came wheezing down to the machine
shops, where it was laid up for repairs.
Two ladies were very considerably in
jured by the concussion. The rear passen
ger car was as close as an oven. Red hot
fires were glowing'in the stoves. Some
filthy excrement besmeared the floor
near the door of the water closet, mak
ing an intolerable stench, aud we for
some time wandered hopelessly about,
trying In vain to raise a window to ad
mit the pure air of heaven. One lady
grasped the door knob and at intervals
ojKuied the door a few inches to get a
pure breath, while the rest of us eudured
and suffered. Tilings were in this un
settled condition when the prospect of a
little diversion in the shnpo of a passing
train caused us to arise from our scat to
take one on the opposite side for a better
view. At the Instant when we were in
the aisle the trains collided, and came
within an ace of taking in our checks
for eternity. Now comes the railroad
organ and declares that the above state
ment of the accident, or one of the same
substance, in the morning papers, was
greatly exaggerated, and that "nobody
was nurx except one or two women,
who, If they had been sitting down, as
they ought to have been," etc., etc,
Hereafter we suppose that when a lady
wishes to change her seat in an Intoler
ably foul and noisomo fir&t-class(?) rail
road car, she must :isk lwrmission of
Ben Holladay's man Friday, or get :
colding from that wonderfully obsequi
ous servant of the railroad interests. Wi
are not given to complaints about the
inconveniences of traveling, but we
know full well that Mr. Holladay would
not have endured the foul air of that car
two minutes without smashing out the
windows. In the name of health and
humanity we call upon the managers of
these public traveling accommodations
to ventilate the cars. Five hundred au
gur holes in each would be a vast im
provement. We have no complaint to
make about .the collision. It was, per
haps, unavoidable under the circum
stances, but there is no excuse for such
carelessness about ventilation and clean
Our incorruptible contemporary of the
Salem Statesman intrenched himself
within a Garrison and, metaphorically
speaking, went out to hear our hist lec
ture in Salem. But the Garrison's .eyes
and ears were in bad running order, and
Samuel could neither sec nor hear cor
rectly through them. When he counted
the audience he omitted the cipher at
the right hand of his row of figures,
which made a ludicrous blunder in his
calculations; and when the applause be
came so general over a few mild hits at
the shrewd editor of the Statesman as
to cause the speaker to pause for a full
minute before she could proceed, he
couldn't hear a sound of it. His Garri
son's walls were too thick to be pene
Now, Samuel! Samuel! thou that
misrepresentest the prophets ami heark
cneth not unto them that uro sent unto
thee, the day of reckoning is coming
upon thee as a thief in the night, aud
when wc warn thee to flee from political
wrath, to come, aud thou hecdest not
our admonitions, thou dost hut rivet the
chains which fetter thee. Repent! re
pent! wc pray thee! Go right speedily
to the Clerk's Office and sign that fifteen
hundred dollar note and make it legal,
that the State may thereby be secured
from loss. Do not, we pray thee, cause
such" odium to rest upon thy political
friends of the State Department as shall
cause everybody to know that they hav
successfully plied thee withiufi money.
Then mayst thou be able to hold up thy
stricken head, and, coming out from be
hind thy Garrison walls, both see and
hear of those facts which shall redound
to thine especial benefit. Don't be
frightened, Samuel, dorit! We won't
hurt you if you'll just be honest.
"Governor Gratz Brown of Missouri
sensibly and pertinently suggests that
all murderers acouittcd because of In
sanit v should at once he incarcerated in
lunatic asylums, and that tho Judges
trying such cases be required by law to
see to It that the acquitted aim munier
ous madman is at once consigned to s
iilaen whpn lio u-ill lie harmless to his
fellows. Certainly it Is a perversion of
iustiee to lot loose mxm society a belli:
whose hands have been imbrued In the
blood of one of his fellows. The insane
and, perhaps, uncontrollable desire to
kill may return at any moment, and
cause the sacrifice of more innocent peo
ple." .Kr.
The above, which we heartily endorse,
has the rinir of true statesmanship. The
plea of insanity generally avails naugh
when the poor are brought before the
barof justice. It is the rich and powerful
who escape punishment by the insanity
dodge. Let them be taken at their
wonl, by all means, and confined where
their insane paroxysms of passion will
not endanger the lives of their fellow
The Salem papers are "dreadful mad"
uecausc we told what was on the polltl
cal slate of both parties the other cvp n
ing. All right, gentlemen. Wo didn'
tell the disagreeable truth expecting to
please you with it We knew you'd
make wry faces, and were prepared to
endure them. Rave on.
a human Knnl miv mnro in 1if
blamed for being born in a man's body
than for bcinir born with a blnr-k in
stead of a white skin? Pugcl Sound
The logic Is good. Let us annlv it to
Woman. Is a hlimnn snnl In lwlnn-ml
of its natural, inalienable right to a
juice in me uovernment under which
It lives because it was born inawoman's
body instead of a man's, no matter
whether tho man's skin be white or
black? New Xouthwest.
Is it simply "a voice," or to "io all
the talking," that some "human souls"
born in "women's bodies" regard as
their "natural, inalienable rights?"
J'ugct Sound Courier.
Women certainly reganl it as their
inalienable right to do half of the talk
ing aud to have half the say in the Gov
ernment under which they live. They
do not believe in an aristocracy of sex
which assumes to mauage affairs entire-
its own way. Is our brother an
Our respectably conducted contempo
rary, tho Salem Mercury, is dreadfully
'worrited." It has at last esnied a
'marc's nest," which it says was dis
covered some time ago by the man's
rights press of Portland, and most gal
Ianlly accuscth us of being a "sagacious
old hen who cackles !" After this feel
ing, facetious and original (?) remark,
the Mercury says that "the Statesman
had previously demolished that nest,
eggs and nil." It was not so nominated
in the bond, dear Mercury. Indeed, tho
crjiosc is not "too late to be of service."
At least we hope the Salem Ring will
itteud to that note signed by a political
nonentity, of which Sam Clarke has
reaped the benefit, and make him sign
the obligation, in order to secure tho
The Salem Mercury is informed that
the sum of $-3,307,SO, which the State
Department loaned on lot 3 in block So,
was State money, and not school money,
as it reports. But granting that it were
School money, that does not alter the
fact that this money was loaned on a se
curity of about one-fourth its value. We
are glad to learn that interested parties
have cancelled this obligation, and if we
can get Sam Clarke to do likewise we
shall be satisfied.
The Olympia Tribune, which grew so
ecstatic over the futile attempts of J. B,
frost to overthrow the cause of oinan
Suflrage in that city, that she might
thereby replenish her depleted purse at
lifty cents per head for gudgeons, is now
terrified because this same monstrosity
is lecturing in Victoria on "the decline
and fall of the United States Govern-
mcnl." Rest easy, Bro. ProMjh. She's
only after half dollars. Her inane ef
forts won't hurt I'nelo Sam. He's used
to 'em.
Mrs. Duniway. for instance the
champion iutellcctualitvst aud chawm
mgist cweature, ah. Albany Jlegister.
What In the name of womanhood has
rasped and riled our brother? He'
bristling all over with growls. If wc
smile, he snarls; if we speak kindly, he
snaps; if we reason with him, he bites,
What have we been and gone and done
And how shall we be able to reinstate
ourself in his good graces?
In answer to the query of a few Forest
Grove friends, whom M. E. Hoxter is
still trying to get to notice her in the
papers, wc announce that a communica
tion which recently appeared In this pa
per, addressed to her and signed
Good Templar," was written by Mrs. M,
E. James, of this city, who is a P. G.W.
C. T. of the Order.
The editor of the Eugene Journal wor
ries about us, and thinks we're "jealous"
because wc rejoice over the social suc
cess of average Oregon women when
they go to Washington. Some men arc
so obtuse.
Our friend of the Salem Statesman
out of gratitude for our unselfish Interest
on behalf of the State, is determined wi
shall have a "jwst orfis." Don't worry,
brother; wc don't want it.
Ail EulUh woman has set aboutclaimlii!
her richts by a very practical form o
protest. She Is an unmarried lady of
good position, living m a house, the rent
of which she paysoutof herowu money,
in Regent Park. When the government
taxes were demanded lately, she refused
to pay. She sent to the collector a
formal protest, announcing that her re
fusal to pay was on principle and not
because of inability on tho ground that
those who would not allow her any rep
resentation in the law-making of tho
country had no riirlit to call on her to
pav taxes. She received several other
invitations to pay, and I believe the au
thorities thought the whole alfalr a de
cided nuisance, and would have backed
out of it and let the lady keep her
money if they could. But in common
decency they could not abandon their
claims in that case and enforce it in
others. last they sent in bailiffs,
seized some of her furniture and sold it.
Of course this was what sho wanted, and
she now appeals to all women situated
like herself to to follow her example.
Nothing could possibly be more embar
rassing to the goverment than a widely
organized passive resistance of this kind.
It was thus that the system of conscrip
tion for the militia was overthrown in
England, and the imposition of minis
ter's money (a tax levied for the benefit
of thcStatcchurch), rendered impossible
in Ireland. But in these cases the re
sistance was that of a few determined
men. Just think what power could
deal with the resistance of a great many
determined women I Justin McCarthy.
A man's wife is his best lawyer, his
best counsel, hi9 best adviser, and also
the cheapest and most reasonable.
IlEAn New XoirrmriaT:
A gentleman of this place, some
months since, laughed in my face when
I asked him to subscribe for the Woman
Suffrage paper. ' Shortly after he at-
ended Miss Anthony's lecture. The
next day he met me and asked if we
jwouicu dealt in .wood; if so, he would
give a conl of wood for a subscription to
the Xew Kotjiwkst. I accepted the
challenge, and before morning his name
was on the way to your office. I am
happy to say that he not only receives
the paper, but reads it, and then, like a
true aud faithful public servant, reads
it to his neighbors, that it may make
other converts. This week he surprised
me by presenting a petition for a road
:uid asking mc a woman to sign it.
This proves the power of the New
Xoutuwest in converting its readers
to the belief in individual rights. Three
months ago he wouldn't have thought of
askiiig a woman's name to such a peti
If all men who now profess themselves
opposed to tho movement would read
and investigate, rather than sneer and
scorn it, they would let reason rule
them and would speedily espouse the
cause of justice. All that we ask, all
that we entreat, Is that our cause shall
be investigated, analyzed, sifted, and if
it be not the true metal of solid 2finci-
jilc, let it bum like dross. The right of
sullrage is an inalienable right, with
held wrongfully from woman by her
brother man. Xo human being who
will reasonably and conscientiously in
vestigate this principle will fail to be
come a convert.
The other day a motherly, generous-
hearted, pure-minded but simple old
lady said to me, " l'o are not in favor
of women voting, are you?" "Yes, in
deed I am," I said. She raised her
hands in holy horror. "O, no! no! you
cannot mean it!" "Indeed," I answerwl
"there is not another principle in the
wide world which I so dearly cherish
for there is no other power that can be
compared with the power of the ballot.'
The good old lady sighed anil her eyes
tilled with tears. "Well, well," she an
swered, "I know nothing about this
woman movement, but I am bitterly oj-
poxed to if." If she would only give a
conl of icood for the Xi:v Xohth wkst,
she'll soon learn better than to be oji-
posed to truth and justice.
In conclusion I add that the cord of
wood which one subscriber in Roseburj.
has already given for the New Xoirrir-
wkst will prove worth its weight m
gold in making new converts; and
should any other persons in this com
munity want to pay their subscriptions
in wood, I am ready to cash their or
ders. P.
Rosununn, Oregon.
Prom tlif Ortnon ftnotl Templar.
"Woman's Bighte."
A SIl'llDU'.
77,7 r;.n.i t.,..,7,... r ... i.i i ,
tliereVrsoA tcigh
S' I , Ct
v ir ,,i,.,.,ri!,i n,,, m-Vi...
n.i i,A .., ... i...
in Biblical lore. I hope his" ear, ed
W!i cpMin ), v'i nnnMnn nnii
I hope his learned es-
lv How could niv -one have
patl.v w th t he doctrine fi,
Ivai 'not' comple e. IS ma,
their roily
any symp:
- "CT --o
the fall was not complete, until man
had also taken of the forbidden fruit?)
of tho "misguided" creatures
netiiallvnnot.. sprintiimliinmofnftl.,.?r
pernicious doetrinJs. For instance tliev
n.f..rfn Atlrinm tlm 1mlit. nml
nnnmnrinln in nnr .Inv b Hm.- r.w
sumptuous! And again in reganf to
the hair, some people think that St.
of propriety, according to the customs
of that age and country. Cannot tliey
understand that it is our bounden duty
to confirm to the manners and customs
up in a net, or, as was tho custom a few
years ago, put tin in a knot on the back
of the head, ami they seem to wonder
how women, professing godliness, could
have been so reganlless of propriety, as
to draw the hair up to expose the head
as much as possible. Now, it is plain
enough that to have the hair answer its
purpose fully, it must bo permitted to
hang gracefully over the shoulders.
(ff fltl.ilr If lit Iia Mm ,..,.
A. . MV, JlllV l . . . V lb , v.. ll, J. ,1. itlv. , .4
but I can only counsel them to read and
obey. And as to the "Free Love" doc
trine (it does prevail to an alarmiucr ex
tent in the cities,) I havo no doubt If
women are ever permitted to have a
voice in making the laws,thej- will seek
to purify the moral atmosphere, by fool
ishly attempting to do away with dram
shops, houses of illfame, &o., those nec
essary evils; they Fecm afraid their sons
or brothers may be led astray. Why
don't they teach them better?
Yourcorrcspondent says, "there would
be no basis for action in the temperance
cause were Christianity rejected." And
yet have not certain temperance organi
zations practically "rejected Christian
ity" by admitting women on an equality
with men, allowing them to vote, hold
office, &c? Oh, the degeneracy of the
times: .ov some ioousii people sup
pose that "In tiic beirinnimr" men and
women were equal, but that they were
oiinueu oy me iau m regard to tho rela
tion, between them, man supixi!ig him
self the superior being, and thereupon
"arrogating to himself" certain rights
auu privileges, contrary to the original
plans of the creation, and that wheu the
Lord told Eve her husband should rule
over her, he was merely telling what
was a natural consequence of the fall;
aud as the world grows older, and wiser,
men will see their injustice, (j,lst ns
though there were any) and restore
women to their rightful positions.
Now I have heard people argue that
if the Lord meant what ho said, in re
ganl to women, he also meant what he
said in regard to man; and that if men
must for all time to conic rule over their
wives, they also must for all time to
come eat "herbs" and cat "his bread in
the sweat of his brow:" and how can a
Christian so far forget Ills duty as to re
fuse to sweat for his bread. In conclu
sion I would say, "may they" (the wom
en) "bo content with the sphere in
which they were placed by their creator,
obey his teachings," and may both men
and women Cease to pervert the right
ways of God. Lenoke.
I'aui, 1st or inn, docs not give a divine M.VtTr ".,.. 7..i br Vi
command, but merely his own opinion St,,ix"n1fyt"i.i,es beyo,VI ""V"1
. .i l . i...t.i - and thus saved it from a suck, and thi
of liible times? Verily they arc wise ! stances, occurring in the Kupreme Court,
above what is written. Some of these Brooklyn, X. Y., not long since, is con
"faliatlcs" say that the hair Is as much j tained in the press of the day. It speaks
a covering when cut ofl. as when done I plainly of the "enualitv" of tin?
How the Atlantic Telegraph is "Worked.
Wofiml Mil followimr interesting ac
count of the working of the Athmtic
cable in a- rcceut lecture by Hon. U-
liani J. McAIpine, on the suiycci oi
Modem Engineering."
Telegraphy may, with propriety, be
considered one of the branches ot en
gineering, and is peculiarly ot mouern
flevcippment. A cleve.rwritgr,.sayhat
it may be read by each of the live senses.
On land lines each signal is made by
suspending the How of the electric cur
rent, for two different intervals of Ume,
called "dots and dashes" the use of
which, in- dilferent- orders,' constitutes
the alphabet of tho telegraph. When
they are printed they are read by sight,
uut ordinarily the operator rcaus uieiu
by sound, as easily as the musician
reads the letters of the scale by the same
sense. Jf theoporatorhasno instrument,
he will grasp the wire In his hands, and
reaii tne signals by reeling tne inter
missions of the flow of tho electric cur
rent. In like manner, by placing the
wire across his tongue, he can taste
the same intermission (but this is a
dangerous experiment). And it is said
mat tne electricity can be made to uis
solve a chemical and produce a pungent
odor in the telegraphic alphabet, which
can be read by smelling, hut for this I
do not vouch. I believe that the method
of signalling through the Atlantic cable
is Known in detail to but few persons.
The operation is exactly reversed from
that on tne land lines. The gutta percha
covering of the copper wires, under the
pressure of a great depth of water, be
comes an absorbent of the clectrieitv
which is being sent through them to the
extent of 00 per cent. The first portion
of the electric wave of 10 ier cent,
crosses the ocean Ut'OO miles) in two
second-, and it would be followed by a
succession of waves from the restpration
of that portion of the electricity which
nas ucenoor-orueu in me gutta percha in
impulses, and the signal would he re
peated like echoes, and nrodupi? nut nlv
confusion, but great delay. To remedy
mis, i-roiossor aney introduced a key,
which sends alternate currents, positive
and negative, at such intervals as allow
the first wave of ten per cent, to pass
forward, and then that nortion :disnrlnil
by the covering is neutralized bv its op-
(iusuc, aim mu cuuie is cie.ircu lor tue
transmission of a second pair of currents.
me uaiicry useu is a very small one
(three of Daniel's cups), and the signal
being only ten per cent, for this small
current, is powerless to move any of the
other instruments in use on land. The
instrument used consists of a minute
polarized needle, suspended on a single
strand of a spiders web. or one from .the
silk worm, lit the middlcof this minute
needle is placed an almost microscopic
mirror, which reflects a single ray of
light from a powerful lamp. The cur
rents of electricity allect this needle al
ternately to the right and left fora space
oi time corresponding to mat occupied
in the signal on the land line, the same
Kind oi alphabet being used in botl
cases. The receiver (not operator) sit:
in a dark room, and the small mirror
reflects the ray of light upon a piece of
white paper before him, on which a
black line is drawn, to the neht and left
oi which me ngiit is alternately re
flected. The receiver reads these siimals
by sight, and transmits them to another
person, placed outside the dark room, by
means of an ordinary instrument. A
short time since, General Reynolds told
me that he had sent a message, without
either wire or cable, 91 miles, across an
arm of Lake Snierior, by mcaus of the
Heliotrope or mirror, and on tho return
of his messenger who had been sent
with a written copy he found tlwt the
jiciiinruiie message jiaii ueen receive"
tf.l!.. i .. T , . m
-fi L"rae
! ppemlons who had for a whole Mimmer
been amusing themsetves m talking to
. -Il .otl!Vr wlt!' ""Tc. instruments,
, tnougu tney-were stationed ten or
$. nVTU A fj
, "-'iieral Morgan made his great raid
i through Indiana and Ohio, he captured
l'. General Lew Wallace's
' . ,.ntI! MXnF how
' ".V "V V'.ZV" ?V:V, C,IJ
; V I ' "i" .'"V"-" J"";
'l)l:rafor la "$ tlaro to intimate that
, '!u. V!ls '""?r dr0A, aIU, coula ml.
,lCIll"re ailll ail CXtRl initial tO hi;
! tl.,u. extni . '"tial Ic ter, that all was Hot
! E'1?1" proatly exasscraUiig the
' LJ,?f1?"H,!-.a1 tho, consequence
t of millions of dollars.
Woman's Riohts at Divokce A
jiAisn i ask. ine iouowimr circum
t bears upon man's and woman's riirhf s
in the matter of custody of children at
divorce. Thesuitofdivoree was brought
by the husband the case went by de
fault of defendant; and the account goes
"The child, the only issue of tho mar
riage, a boy over seven years of age,
was brought before Judge Gilbert on a
writ of habeas corpus. His mother, in
whose care he had been ever since the
separation of his parents, (which took
place when he was but eighteen, months
old,) accompanied him. The Judge
told the. child he must go witli his
father. Thereupon the poor little fellow
set up the mast piteous cries and clung
to his mother's side, declaring he would
never leave her. One of the officers
sought to seize him, but he ran from
him about the court-room, screaming in
the most heart-rending manner, the
mother meanwhile imploring the Judge
to spare her and her son the horror of
such a separation. Nothing, however,
availed, and tho wrctcheil little victim
was finally captured aud borne from the
presence of the sympathizinjr spectators.
uttering the most piercingshrieks, while
the agonized mother fell fainting to the
lloor. We flatter ourselves that we arc
in the midst of a Christian and enlight
ened era. and that the barbarities of the
Middle Ages are among tho wrecks of
the jKist, but this dreadful scene assures
us that the law is still caiable of per
petrating enormities for which the times
of Jeffreys alone afford an adequate par
allel." A Western correspondent contributes
a little anecdote of Hon. Henry L.
Dawes, who was the prominent candi
date, at one time, of the Republicans for
Speaker of the House, but who gracefully
withdrew In favor of Mr. Blaine. When
quite a voung man Mr. Dawes was
noted for his diffidence. As a public
spcakoritwas"dilHcuIt to get his mouth
oil." A suit was one day pending before
a Justice of the Peace at North Adams,
and the speech of a verychxiucnt lawyer
attracted a crowd, which filled the office
and blocked up the doors and windows.
Tho old Justice, needing fresh air, at
length stopped the orator, and quietly
remarked : "I wish you would set down
and let Dawes speak a little while. I
want to thin out this crowd." That was
some years ago. Since then Mr. Dawes
has so learned to "get his mouth off" as
to become one of the strongest debaters
in Congress.
u:is i h:ii. .ufinrMTi riinn rrru i mu vm i s n
alowt Tof Vivr.iCi GRtv(jEFwr.nY; Dr.
Dio Lewi! 'writes as fallows upon this
graceful subject:
"A graceful walk is rare. A queenly,
clastic step atoues for a homely race. It
was her expert walking from one side
of the stage to the other, whileshe never
said a word, that constituted Mrs.
Charles Kean's great attraction in a play
that had a run of one hundred and fifty
nights. The pre-requisites for fine
walkimr arc: First, shoes made to fit
the feet; second, the clothing about fhe
waist loose the corset is a deadly enemy
to fine walking as it is to life; third,
carrvimr the chin close to the neck.
Tile soles of the shoes should correspond
precisely to the bottom of tho foot, as
outlined by a' pencil mark drawn rirouritl
the foot. As now made, the sole is an
Inch and a half smaller than the foot,
and the result is a plentiful crop of corns
bunions, and in conjunction with the
hi eh heel, an awkard gait and bent po
sition of the body in walking."
Mrs. Stokes, says the New York Ex
press, a good and bcautmii lady, is on
icr way home from Europe, and will bo
herein a few days. She has had no ink
ling of -the dreadful tidings which will
reet heron landing in her own native
city, and the meeting which will take
place between the husband, who has
placed himself under the ban of the law.
and the loving, caufiding and betrayed
wite, can be imagined better than de
scribed. Itisstated that Mrs. Mansfield,
some mouths ago, endeavored to get
Stokes to procure a divorce from this
good woman; but in this she failed, as
Stokes was not so lost to all fine feelings
to discard the wife of his bosom.
The last letter written to Stokes bv his
wife was a model of forgiving conjugal
Souitow's Antidote. The safe and
general antidote against sorrow is em
ployment, it is commonly obsorved
that among soldiers and seamen, there
is little grief. They see their friend fall
without any of that lamentation which
is indtilircd in security and idleness, be
cause they have no leisure to spare from
me care oi meniseives; and whoever
shall keep his thoughts equally busy,
will hud hiinseii unattected with irre
trievable losses..
To Polish Fukxitcke. Tlie follow
ing recipe for polishing furniture is said
to lie better than the ordinary varnish:
Jlelt over a moderate lire In a very clean
vessel two ounces of white or yellow
wax, and when liquified, add four
ounces of good essence of turpentine;
: it... ! i t : l : - i- i i
sin i ui; iviiuiu uniii n is cuurciy coui,
and the result will be a kind of pomade
equal to varnish, without any of its in
President Tyler, of the University of
Michigan, where both sexes arc admit
ted, says the best Greek scholar in the
College is a young lady. A Kentucky
girl, who is so tall that she is classically
termed, "Longa Alba," is the best
cholar in mathematics. Of such is tho
inink and the scholarship of the Amer
ican girl.
A. New Jersey paper records a fact
that recently a fireman on the West
Jersey railroad, by the namepf Boodle,
was sorting waste, when, Strang' tire
late, a mouse escaped from-w t.warm
winter quarters and ran into Thai fire
man's open mouth, who swallowftritnn
his astonishment of the iutriMiojhflt
11.1 1 A ll .
lien ui v xniimiuoiiier w - ai. an
well she was somewhat i al-W"'
fidgety, nervous, chatty ' called1
iinoii ln-r on onooflier bad ay -. !
heaven!" cried the old laly1
"either sit down or stand up,
do both at once."
A Kentucky damsel, who
mined to eloin?, carried her iU Js" lufe
execution by calmly locking her aston
ished parents into the house and riding
away with her true lover.
We, the umlrrsisiivai, imvin; been tbe recip
ients of tne service or Mr. M. C. While In
leileliln!: the seience or Mutlc on the Piano
forte, take jvleasure In Riving a hearty testi
monial Hint we have employed her in our
families an a teaeherof her "New method of In-
itrortion," anil that It linn proven superior to
any method we have ever known; ami that al
though the drat cot niayboairiileKreaterthan
Mime others, we lielie"e It to he in the aggro
irate niiH-li cheaper, lie-Itles being a great econ
omy In jxilnt of lime. We therefore take sreat
pleasure 1m rwommeiiiltnK li.r to the patron
use of all whoniiiy lie ilfKlrou of obtaining a
mtlctil eilueatlonuKH very Mierior instructor.
Trtline who ili-sirv to know more about it
before Incurring any expei, we give a cordial
Invitation to frail at our ami Interview
her pupil.
tSlguI K IlILtAnn HOUhUf,
X. W. eor. Seventh ami College SIR.,
308 Second sjt Portland.
Kat Portland.
East PoinxAND, Jan. 8. 1ST1.
Miss. M. C. AVhite Uexpected Madam:
Having heard of your System of teaching the
l'ianororte, known as the'a American
Method, and having been nresent a. feu.- ,ln-o
since at the exercise of onnofyonr pupils. Miss
l.aiie. of Kat Portland. I wan tniini. .iiphh.i
and exceedingly gratified, at the perfect per
formance of thcmoit dltlk-ult pieces, imich as
(iotschalk liangn, etc..) and thU after the short
irriii ui .11:1 juiiuiiiK (union.
Allow me toexpro my approbation of your
System of Instruction, ami with mv Lai
wishes for your ueces allow me to subscribe
Your ltespectrully.
AltUQT, l'rof. of Music.
i n. i
and lender of
iftheKast Portland Kami.
Lectures in the "Valley Towns.
TAlt. KOlUtXK, imtlngnlhel daring nearly
1 ) twentvvears in San FraiH-i-M-o. for his sreat
success In curing Chronic and Acute Disease;
WITII1IUTT1IK VSV. OF JlfeUli OV11IK tin ins
return from a northern tour, will die towns
InthoWill.nnrtlc valley wlthlna.fewweeks,ana
iv m ..n.l.-ivnr to inercaw tli- measure of uneful
knowledge among the jieople by lectures upon
"Ifmtili Its rescrralioii uml restoration when
imiKiireu itv ui-usc.wuu-'". - i
iiw nn.l also unon Physiology, etc.
pmfcsslonal MTVlce may or ooiaineu oy uioio
who have f.illeil to seen re desired relief throngh
the ordinary mode, and who are -"sick and
tired" of medicines and medical quackery, and
none others, as Dr. Iloorae will have no time to
waste upon those who think medicinal poisons
necessary to the cure of disease.
If any ucMre i comjHiiiii, my aimresx IR.
D1C. UtUlH.ii; .11. not
1'ortland, Oregon
Affections of the Lungs, Deafness, Discharge
fmm the Kars, Nervous or (ienenil Debility,
Sore Eyes.Ciranulated Uds.nnticity of the Cor
nea, Films, etc., are succeKsfully treated by Dr.
Aborn, corner Third anil Morrison streets.
U1IIIOXIU D1SEASKS, es leehil ly such cases
as have resisted the onllii.irv modes or treat
ment, are the chus or nmhidies which Dr.
Aborn treats witli unimralli-led success. NO
CHAUUKTor Consultation.
Term Moderate and agreeable to the cir
cmntnncos of the patient, so that-all who are
atllicteU can procure Ids treatment If thoy
wish. nCtf
I'orllnnd, Oregon.
Wotk done at UEASONABLE HATE, nl