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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 8, 1871)
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t m jfam i 3 a. .
A Journal fur tbc People.
Daveted to the Interests of Humanity, ,-, ;
Independent ,n Polities unci Religion.
Uive to nil Uvo Issue!!, and Thoroughly
Itftdtaal In Opposing and Exposing the Wrong
oi the Mcwee.
Gfefregpondents writing over assumed signa
tures mast make known their names to the
Kdlfcw.or no attention will be given to tbeir
For the New Xorthwest.
BY MILS. S. J. KOISET.
lit thje'seUry glare of an Ausnst noon,
With the liit at a hundred and five,
To gasp and faint with the slightest hope
To another such day survive,
I think of that roek-slrewn ocean beach
With Its breeze that comes from arur,
Balmy and sweet, as If from the shores
Where tropical Islands are.
Soil and cool, as a spirit's breath,
ThatdMrat zephyr sighs.
Calming the turbulent, gun-kissed life
Mhe a whlier from Pamdl.so;
SteadHjr wver the crested waves c
The wind that's born of tho soa,
Conies with Its wealth of comfort and health,
A MsltB to mortals free! 1
Oh, datmpf-'Wttii unromantlc iwme
Thy roew!art and rale, and stream, '
Thy cool, dark shadows and crystal waves
Are fair as a poet's dream;
An well thy merits arc known abroad,
Br many to thee revert,
As the lovcMfwt spot on nil the coast
liar jieojde to no and flirt!
JtutOlatMipt thy name has a charming sound,
To we lorevermore
IH never forget those summer days
I wandered along thy shoro;
Ier I think of thy glorious wave-washed beach
As the plae where clams aliotind,
WHh tlie picturesque form of Mrs. Lo,
Diggingtliem out oft lie ground!
Iiut'llspast henceforth must the graceful,cnib
AleiM promenade the strand.
And unmolested the clams'may rest
Dapin their beds of sand;
And the beautiful paths where lovers straycxl
In uninterrupted tryst.
Will soou be tilled with the autumn leaves
And the ocean's blinding mist.
THE STATUS OF TTOMAH.
by raoF. ciiAxirr.
Free Sr-EEcn, Fnr.E Tniss, Fitrr People.
ioita?iAJvr, okegon, jstrtdatst, September cs usri.
INTO! li 3E It lO.
"Woman is treated with respect, and
as the equal of man, just in proportion
to the degree of civilization and enlight
enment attained. The savage treats her
as his servant, and no better than his
horsQ or dog. Tho Chinese treats her as
an inferior, and while he claims immor
tality for man, denies it to woman. The I
ignorant Caucassian feels himself supe- j
rior to woman, and therefore beats and
rfbu? es" her if she dares to differ from him
in opinion. The inflated public writer
or speaker has risen too high in thej
scale of being to strike a woman, yet i
shows that he feels himself her superior
by sneering at her weaknesses, liven !
the' enlightened statesman treats woman
as an inferior by denying her certain
civil rights exercised by himself.
Woman is either the inferior, equal or
' superior of man. The time has gone by
for arguing the inferiority of woman,
even in our partial civilization. I say
"partial," because if our civilization was
complete man would not deny to woman
tho rights which he claims for himself.
To he consistent, he should continue to
argue the inferiority of the sex. But he
has been so constantly defeated, of late
years, on this issue, that he now tries to
dodge it by proclaiming that because
woman is delicately organized, therefore
it is unbecoming and improper for her
to bo allowed the freedom and privileges
exorcised by hur noble lord. Is this log
ical? Concede the woman's equality,
and then restrain her from her rights,
iust as though she was incapable of
judging what is for hor highest good?
Yet this Is the strongest political argu
ment advanced against the woman's re
Let us next glance at the religious ar
gument against woman. Paul writes to
?V Timothy: "Lot the woman learn in si-
lonee with all subjection. But 1 sutler
not a woman to teach, for Adam
whs first formed, then Eve." If this
"for" amounts to anything at all, it is
simply this: That the first formations
were thebetterand superior. Is this true
in luet? If so, then all the beasts of the
fluid and fouls of the air are better
and superior to man, for they were
formed before him. So much for the
logic of St. Paul. But this apostolic
"chief of sinners" gives a second rca.-on
for "subjecting" women, namely: "And
Atlam was not deceived, but the woman
being deceived, was in the transgres
5ion." Having caught Paul once trip
ping with his logic, lam suspieious that
he is not a cloe rcasoner. Let us see.
According to Moses the Lord God1
kmada,tho-serpetttmorc subtle than any
Wm. nf ' IhcTield, and gave him the
power of speech. Poor Eve, ignorant
ami inexperienced, was never warned
against the craft and hypocrisy of the
serpent, and having heard only truth, it
was impossible for her to know there
was such a tiling as falsehood. The
Lord God told her not to cat a certain
fruit, aud she, simple-minded child,
1 would never have thought of disobeying
burfor (he serpent which the Lord God
had made. Besides, Eve had no mother
to advise her better, and when the ser
pent spoke so pleasantly, the poor thing
had no means of knowing but this
might be the Lord God himself, for none
of the other beasts could talk, and so far
SoS-She 'knew there was nobody but her
self, husband and the Lord God who
could talk. Therefore I Inlst that Eve
hasTjcen unjustly censured in this fruit
"With Adam the case was different.
mere was no sucn miracic as a serpent
talking to deceive him. ' He was older
HthaH.EvQ, and might have suspected
from his own wicked and perverse na
stupidity on Ids part. But then he was
just as the Lord God had made him af
ter all, aud I suppose the poor fellow
could not help his stupidity. Besides,
he had never attended a political cau
cus, been to a horse race, dabbled in
stocks, or seen the inside of a gambling
house; so you see no opportunity had
been afforded him to learn shrewdness.
Aside from these considerations, Adam
showed a low, mean spirit in laying the
blame upon his wife. If he had been
any part of a gentleman he would never
have breathed her name in connection
with the fruit business. But bo it was,
and so it has been to tho present day,
the strong are too much disused to try
to save their own neclcs by accusing the
weak. I think Paul is rather fecblo in
showing why a woman should "learn in
silence with all subjection."
But there is another view to be taken
of Paul's ipse dixit. He uttered it at a
time when the people were in a condi
tion but little above savageism, when
woman was held in low esteem, and so
he catered to the depravity of the times.
The teachings of Christ were very differ
ent, although living in the midst of bar
barism. "When the Jews wanted him to
condemn the woman, ho simply re
marked : "Let him that fs without sin
cast the first stone" This was a "set
tier," for everyone of those scamps had
committed tho same offence for which
he wanted the woman stoned. And
there arc millions of the same kind of
Scribes and Pharisees to-day, warring
against defenceless woman, notwith
standing our boasted but partial civili
zation. They would shoot a wife for the
same fault of which they arc almost
daily guilty, and be justified by a jury
of men(?) like themselves. Of course no
woman should be allowed on a jury in
such a case, for she might be weak-minded
enough to think that the poor, abused
man was guilty of murder. But reverse
the case, and let the woman do the
shooting, then see how these Scribes and
Pharisees thirst for her blood. "Why?
Because their own worthless lives are
in danger unless there is some check put
to this shooting business.
The "subjection" to which woman
was reduced during the barbarities of
the past, still cling3 to her like riveted
manacles to the captive. The only rea
son for perpetuating her bondage lies in
tho blind selfishness of man. Knowing
her influence, he Is jealous of her power,
lest some evil come to his own sex. In
this view man is as weak as Paul was in
his logic The emancipation and eleva
tion of woman would incommode none
but the licentious aud unprincipled,
while to tho honest and virtuous it
would prove the richest of blessings.
Besides, just so long as woman is held
In "subjection," just so long will she be
Unqualified from becoming the mother
of a type of men above the present grade
of Scribes and Pharisees. But place her
n a position where she can feel that her
influence in society and government is
equal to that of man, and then she will
become the mother of u superior race of
How carefully Uie thrifty stock-raiser
provides for the females which arc to be
come the mothers of his herds. Not
even the hog is neglected. His mind is
continually on the alert for improving
the breed. Is he equally thoughtful re-
ardiug his wife and daughters? Mark
how closely he observes theyoungof his
neighbor's herds, noting ail the condi-
This department of the New North
west is to he a general vehicle for ex
change of ideas concerning any and all
matters that may be legitimately dis
cussed in our columns. Finding It practi
cally impossible to answer each corres
pondent by private letter, we adopt tins
mode of communication to save our
friends the disappointment that would
swer their queries. We cordially invite
everybody that has a question to ask, a
suggestion to make, or a scolding to give
to contribute to the Correspondents
Dr. Geo. M. B. : The communication
from Mrs. E. Oakes Smith has been re
ceived. "We publish parts of it, but the
main article is too long for our columns.
Shall be pleased to meet you.
M. M. M. : Thanks for the poem and
Mrs. M. A. H.: You can do better.
You would not be pleased with the arti
cle yourself if we should print it.
D. N. : A careful perusal of the "Ad
ventures" has led us to decline their
publication. The MS. Is at your disposal
The article could be carefully re-written
aud made first class, but it is too hastily
and in some places bunglingly executed
to do tlie writer credit. We hope you
win receive our criticism as Himiiy as
it is given.
Martha: 'Time" and "Rhine" are not
legitimate rhymes, and the singular
nominative does not agree with a plural
verb. It will take long practice and
much hard study for you to make a
Miss C: Bah! No! "A girl of fifteen"
lias no right to be thinking aIout the
boys. You'd better be making rag babies
and building dirt cabins. In five years
from now, if you have improved your
time as you ought, and developed your
physical frame as you should, you may
begin to look out for a husband; but we
beg you to postpone the matter for that
length of time. You'll then have time
enough to rue your bargain before you
"Ambitious :" Your sex will not pre
vent you from homesteading a claim,
but you must he twenty-one years old
before you are entitled to do so.
Moilic: Kid gloves the exact color of
the dress arc not considered necessary
On the contrary, a bright contrast
much worn; but to insure harmony rib
bons should be worn to match the gloves
I). J. W. : Subscriptions received
Wish you'd "insult" us with a thousand
subscribers. .Should have written to you
long ago had we not been so busy.
"C. C. Lonesome:" Something less
than a cord of letters await you at this
olllce. What shall we do with them ?
Settling the "New Nokthwbst.'
The claim made by the promoters of the
Northern l'acllic Itaiiroau, as to me ex
rollout character of the country trav
ersed by that thoroughfare, seems to be
verified hv the fact that seWers are
moving to the lino of the road in Miu
nesota and Eastern Dakota in unprece
dented numbers. A late number oi tue
St. Paul Pioneer says:
"Tlie roads leading lo tlie Bed Rive
Valley are literally eovcred witlt cmi
grant wagons, with their usual aeeonv
pauinicuts of families' furniture and
stock of all kinds. The wagon roads
from Sauk Centre to St. Peter show
daily accessions to the vast caravan
..'...wlt.irr II u it Hm f.irtllit rnclnnc nf
"u"a "." """" rjuuuul,u"- Northern Minnesota, The extent oiinc
Does he ever observe his neighbor's chil-1 great incoming tide of humanity can bo
drcn with a view to drawing tlie same
conclusions? Alas, no! It is a morti
fying fact, that while an animal, even a
hog, is to a certain extent a scientific
production, a child, the dwelling place
of an immortal soul, is the merest acci
dent Sliall we blame woman for this
wretched state of affairs? No, never, so
long as man holds the controlling influ
ence and she is compelled to "learn In
silence with all subjection." Place her
in a position so that her influence shall
be equal to that of man. and then she
should share with him the responsibil
ity; but so long as she is held in "sub
jection," the "silent" victim or his pas
sions and caprices, just so long she will
be excusable for becoming the mother of
a dwarfed, degraded offspring.
In tho Hebrew Eixmra, the word here ren
dered "Lord God." Is plural, and translated lit
erally should be rendered "the gods." Hut had
the translators given it an honest rendering. It
would have sounded very much like heathen
mythology. Hence, with an Ingenuity worthy
of a better cause, they mako n show of honesty
by using two words, "Lord God," whlchconveys
an Idea of plurality, yet so obscured as not to be
detected by the general reader. The root of EI
ohlm Is El, and means the sun. Tlie termina
tion lm forms the plural, as, cherub, one; cher
ubim, more than one; seraph, one; seraphim.
more than one. The sun, moon nua planets
were the gods and goddesses of the ancients.
roimsrn, Oregon, Sept. 1st, lb.i
From tho Christian Union. I
The New Theory of Marriage.
In our time a theory of marriage has
found favor with some, which to old-
fashioned people seems to mean simply
a repeal of the seventeenth command
ment. To a few honest men and women
it rcms n great step towanl the nilllcn
lum. In justice to these last wo givo
tlie theory as wo suppose they would
choose to state it. It is this: that the
external relation of marriage is justified
only by the highest form of affection,
and by that- is justified always. In the
absence of such affection the legal form
of wedlock has no moral authority to
bind a man ana woman together. And
man and woman between whom such
;in affection arises aro morally justified
in uniting themselves to each other,
whatever may have been their previous
external relations to each other.
It Is not easy to trust such a doctrine
with sufllcieut respect to coolly contro-
ert it. let tuts mast sometimes oe
done. For such ideas are held by n few
nervous who arc honestly and earnestly
trying to reform society by them. Yet
the best refutation of them is a plain
tateinent of what their practical adop
tion by society would mean.
The institutions of society am deal
only with external acts. hat is per
mitted or loroiuucn, iy tno law oi me
statute-book and public sentiment, is
pre-eminently matter of outward con
duct. Indeed, tho laws of the State
touch nothing else. Decision upon mo
tives, apart from actions, is too tine aud
delicate a thing to be attempted in the
broad regulations adopted by societies oi
lien for their government. I'uuiic opin
ion, it is true, to some extent awanls
praise or blame by its sense of the secret
springs oi action in men. ism uie great
ifunt and Must A 'ot of society are uttered
only upon actions, not upon motives.
You cannot by institution or ordinance
secure that men shall bo lwtriotic, you
can only oblige them lo pay certain ex
ternal service to tlie State, loii cannot
forbid covctousncss, but only actual ag'
gresslon. You cannot by social arrange
ment punish impurity or heart, though
voti can punish adultery. And so in all
Sumxise society undertakes to reform
the marriage relation in the way pro-
mdsciI. it is utterly powerless to regu-
.ato the inward feelings uion which
these unions shall be contracted. It can
Allow mn to cive mv platform of
Woman's Rights, beggingpardon for the
use of a very manisn term, wnicu i use
for the sake of brevity.
AH I claim for woman is tne removal
of theinterdict. Acceptherasa citizen.
Now she is denied the rights of citizen
ship and all tlie lumbering legislation of
centuries will not adjust her relations
harmoniously in the world till this in
justice be removed. She cannot be pro
tected luliy till sue is tnus recognizeu.
She cannot reach the true dignities of
her being till she is invested with the
sanctities and privileges of a good citizen.
Remove the interdict. Make our
carry it only one way, not back and
forth. Protect the glass in tlie sashes,
and walls at the side of the mouldings.
by tacking a strip oi pasteboard several
inches wide against the surface next tho
work to catch dashes of paint.
If sx)ts of mildew or blisters appear
on wall-paper in u room where steam
does not penetrate, do not try to wive
the paper, but strip it off, and apply a
delicate tint, mixed with boiled liusccd
oil, to every gallon of which a quarter
of a pound of glue has been added, first
softened by heat, with a very little wa
ter to prevent it irom burning. An
other more eflectual coating is made of
five pounds of rubber melted in a gallon
of boiled linseed-oil. Tho mixture
should be heated in a tin kittle sus
pended In boiling water, so that it will
not taite lire. Coat tlie wall with this,
reducing, if necessary, by more oil, anil
paint or paper above it. One gallon of
tlie preparation should coat luty yards
of surface, and never be penetrated by
moisture. One gallon of the oil and
glue requires twenty lxmnds of dry
mint ground in it to give two coats to
forty square yards of surface. Use
nothing but boiled oil for inside
work; tlie raw requires nearly a season
to dry. A good dryhig oil is made by
boiling one ounce of sugar of lead, and
the same of sulphate of zinc, with two !
ounces each of litharge, red-lead, anil
umber, in a gallon of linseed-oil, till it
will scorch a feather. White-lead gives
tiie most body to paint, and is most
durable, but turns yellow, mid is apt to
be mixed with inferior pigment. Zine
wliite is the purest color. Three coats
are desirable on inside work for lasting
finish. The first is called priming, anil
is tlie only coat in which oil should be
UIH. A. i. UC.MWAT, Editor ad Proprietor.
OFFICE-Cor. Third nuil Washington St.
TERMS, IN ADVANCE :
- ' immiiiw --
only deal with their outward form. Its , for f tno upix.p coats
ii. m nnr in
A v r 1 r V m 7 t turn yellow by exposure to tno air.
tirely every clement of obligation in ,pj clicapest priming is given by a coat
marriage. The law must permit any ofoHon wliicti whiting is rubbed, fill
man and woman to come together for , n the lwrcs of the wooil with n thin
as ong or short a time as they please.! pre9crvca lt well, and
Public sentiment must reg;irdsuelitcm- . ..,.f.' c,111fil. u.,rr.. .,!, W
porary unions precisely as u now re- ; ,, ,, :..,. t,- ,;,.;.,
sards marriage. It can visit the w orst hecond coat of zinc-white with enough
of them with no harsher judgment th in i oU , lnob(cI1 w !Ultl raiudng with
ii uow oesiowa i.iarn ip ,,pi,tha; then a third .-oat of zinc in
highest affection is wanting. Inciina- .. .,..,' -... OI10.th.rd Dammar var-
Corned Beef. The London Queen
savs: "To those who have worn down
teeth in masticating poor, tough corn
beef, we will say that carbonate of soda
will be found a remedy for the evil. Cut
tlie steaks the day before using, into
slices about two inches thick: roll over
them a small quantity of soda; wash off
next nionnng; cut into suitable tntcK
ness and cook to notion. Tho same pro
cess will answer for rowl, mutton or any
. I m -1 1 1 1 , I 1 -
ircsn meat, try it, an wno love ueuci-
ous, tender disncs oi meat."
To Make Good Dutch Cheese. Set the
sour milk on a warm stove until the
whey separates from the curd. Then
put it into a Ianre. coarse towel or thin
cloth, and tic it up. Lay it in a pan and
let it He, occasionally turning on tne
whey until no-more whey runs out
Then put It in a dish, and with the
hands work it in salt to taste aud a piece
of butter and cream to make it adhere
sufficiently to make into balls. Some
persons like to eat it with sweetened
To Keep Clear of Jied liugs.l send
you my way of keeping clear of bed bugs.
I never scald my bedsteads as it spoils
them. Clean the bedsteads by wiping
them oil' with a damp cloth; then beat
the whites of two eggs to u froth; add one
ounce of quicksilver; beat thoroughly,
and apply with a brush. I have known
old buildings to be thoroughly cleansed
from them hy one application.
To Keep Fresh Fish.Wc find the
following in the Southern Planter : To
keep fresh fish, clean them and remove
tlie gills; insert pieces of charcoal in their
mouths and bellies. If they are to be
conveyed any distance, wrap each fish
up separately in linen clout, ana place 1
them in a box, with cabbage leaves above
To Cook Green Corn. Cut it from the
cob; put an ounce of butter in tlie skillet,
and when right hot, put in your com
and cover closely, cook nrteen minutes
stirring occasionally; do not add water;
the steam and butter win cooicitsuui-
ciently. When done, add ono cup of
To Make. Hard .Voau tram. Soft. Take
seven pounds of good soft soap, four
pounds sai. soua, two ounces borax, one
ounce hartshorn, half pound of rosin.
To be dissolved in twenty-two quarts of
water, and boil about twenty minutes.
To Make an Eolian Jfanu Take a
horse hair or a piece of sewing Silk; let
it reach two-thirds or all the way across
the window. Tie a little splinter to
each end and stretch it across tlie win
dow, sticking the splinters between the
two sashes, then wait for tlie wind to
blow and hear tlie music. A close
fitting sash will not answer; for it will
not do to let the thread touch the sash.
Te'mis ERTISBME;iTS Insertcd o" Keasonable
Over the Km tothe Poor liotue.
0veih!U1'" to ,hc Poor-house I'm tmdgin' my
I,a woman of seventy, and only a trifle gray
I, who am smart an' chipper, for all tlteyhsrs
best estimated on the main road be
tween Alexandria and Pomme de Terre.
Two hundred wagons per day pass over
tins portion oi uie route nortiiwesi, uuu
tho camp fires are seldom allowed to go
out a fresh train of emigrants arrives
almost as soon as its predecessor lias
resumed its march. A noticeable ica
ture of this year's emigration is its qual
ity the wagons come loaded with
household goods and fanning imple
ments, and are followed by herds of
cattle and other stock, which in quality
would do credit to any country-
An Old Lady in a Bad Fix. A very
good widow, who was looked up to by
the congregation to which she belonged
as an example or piety, contrived to
bring her conscience to terms for one
little indulgence. She loved porter;
and ono day, just ns she had received
nan a uozen noiues irom the man who
usually orougnt ner tlie comfortable
beverage, she saw two of the grave elders
of the church approaching her door.
She ran the man out or the back door,
and the bottles under tlie bed. The
weather was hot, and while conversing
with her sage friends, pop went a cork.
"Dear me!" exclaimed the good lady.
"there goes tue bed-cord; it snapped
yesterday the same way. I must have
anotiicr rope proviueu." jn a few mm
utes went another, followed by the pe
culiar hiss of tho escaping liquor. The
rope would not do again, but tho good
ladv was notata loss. "I)ear me!" said
she, "that black cat of mine must be at
...ord Ood" has 1b, rootln j 'Sjih
, What does this mean? Mill our clergy . ,W Jtlfrnm ln,lpr th lxl-
curtaln. "Oh, dear me!" she said; I had
fonrot: it is mv veast! Here, Prudence,
come and take these bottles of yeast
tion alone is to regulate the most inti
mate relation of life. And tills law is to
prevail from top to bottom of society.
Such freedom is to be ollered, not to a
strong and disciplined few, who might
be incapable or misusing it, out to tne
whole race, in an us gradations oi wcbk
ness and animalism and selfishness. For
all alike there is to be no bond in mar
riage except inclination.
Tills would be the practical realization
of the theories wo have indicated. What
would be the right name for such a state
of tilings? AVhatis the responsibility of
Tlie theorizing on this subject is ut
terly wanting in comprehension of the
actual facts and necessities of life. It
frames ideals and urges men towanls
them, oblivious of the pestilent swamps
that lie in tlie way. Because love needs
no law, all law is to be abolished upon
Tlie truth is, the whole institution of
marriage is based on the fact that man
Is not perfect or angelic.- All contract,
all law, all forms of obligation exist be
cause men will not spontaneously and
without restraint do just what they
ought, if all men and women were per
fect there would be no need of formal
marriage vows, no need of law or of
public sentiment. To such beings the
only possible unions would be those in
spired by love, and love alono would
amply guanl their purity and fidelity.
But, in truth, the race is so far from per
fect that its members need laws and
barriers and external Iiciiis, anil without
these would plunge into utter ruin.
There must bo governments, institu-
1! 1.1!.. . ...! 1 1.S..1.
nuns, puuiiu seiiumeius, oiiicii aiuui
hold men to riirht ways. And far be
yond most such forces in the width of its
prevalence, the depth of conviction suj
portiiiir it. and the vastness of its influ
ence, is the institution of marriage. It
is like n temple built to guard tho holt
est treasure of mankind. Tlie treasure
itself, tlie pure love of husband and wife,
no social construction can ensure. But
society can so tniard aud fortify the ex
tcriuil relation, can so protect it against
foreign intruders, so maintain it in per
manence and honor it with an investi-
nish. This gives the glossy white so
dear to neat housewives. The most ex
pensive and durable white finish is thus
given: One coat of shellac varnish; four
coats of pure zinc ground in oil and
mixed with turpentine, each coat well
dried, and the whole rubbed down with
pumice; and finally two coats of French
zinc in varnish. This It hard, shining,
and line as enamel. Harper's lUnar.
The District Schoolmaster.
I5Y JOSH 1IILI.INOS.
There iz one thing in this basement
world that I always look upon with
mixed feelings of pity and respect.
But there is one man in this world to
whom I always take oil mi hat, aud
remain uncovered until lie gets safely by,
and that iz the distrikt schoolmaster.
When I meet him. I look upon him as
x master just returned from the stake or
on his way there tt be cooked.
lie leads a more Ionesum and .siugul
life than an old bachelor, and a more
anxious one than an old made.
He is remembered just about as lonir
and alleckatelli us a side board iz by a
traveling pacK pediur.
Ill he undertakes tomakehiz scholarz
luv him the chances are lie will neglect
their Itirmn, and iff he don't lick um
now and then pretty often, theigh will
soon lick him.
The distrikt schoolmaster ain't got a
friend on tlie fiat side uv the globe. Tlie
uoys snow uan mm during recess, the
curls put water in hiz hur die. and tlie
school cumittcc makes him wurk for
half the money a bartender gets, and
board round tho naborhood, where they
giv him ryeeoffy sweetened with molas
ses tew drink, and codfish balls three
times a day for vittles.
Don't talk to me about the pashunce
uv the nushunt Jobc. Jobc had pretty
plenty uv biles all over him, no doubt
they were all uv one breed.
Evry y ting one in a distrikt school iz a
bile uv a different breed, and each yung
one needs a different kind of poultiss to
get a good head on him.
Euny man who has ken n distrikt
skool for ten years, and haz boarded
To kcc2 Flies out of Butter. Some
times the simplest remedies are the
most effective. A friend tells us that
three generations of his family have, by
simply putting a small bit of bread into
the butter on the table, been saved the
nuisauce of flics getting into the butter.
Three or four days' experience of an
other friend assures us that the remedy
is effective. He puts a piece a quarter
of an inch wide by two inches long in
the butter, leaving the greater part pro
jecting above the butter. It fs nrnvr.
but the Hies keep their feet off the but- 1
ter. i ictciana (0.) Jfcrcdd.
A writer in a St Louis magazine says
that "a woman is preferred as book
keeper in one of the largest stores of
that city, because she Is more steady,
can be relied on to be in her place every
day, and is not liable to be absent once
in two or three weeks on account of!
some evening comiwny the night lie
fore." In one of the largest printing
houses in the same city a woman over
sees the binding, and the proprietor
says, "If she were to leave I could not
upply her place with six men."
;e aim nuuur il wiiu mi uncsictaauui iui ivn v.iir-, .win n.w. miiunui
ture of sacredncss, as to give it the best t round the naborhood, ought to be mager
possible security and rostering to tue sa-1 general aim nave a ncnsimii ior tne rest
cred sentiment. All this is done by the , uv hiz natural days, and a boss and
Australia, wishing to impress Cali
fornia, Is to send to the next falra pyra
mid of gold Imitation representing
the yearly production of oue mine.
Tills mass will be three and a half feet
at the base, and nine feet high. Iucltcd
bv thl. Hio nnllfnrnia nress calls for a
Id representing tlie SL-W.uw.uuu
In trold annually due from the mines of
ture that a woman made out of one of that State,
his own crooked ribs would be likely to 1 1 1
"talk crooked." Why, for the life of!. v GO.OOO staging birds have been
. '. ' ky i oin. mis sea&uu, uui-
Three hundred Swedes arrived at
Halifax, thn other dav. ou their way
to the thrivimr settlement of their
countrymen in Eastern Maine. Such
emigrants are always -welcome in any
part or tne country.
In a recent article on the ircoirranhical
distribution of the whales, Dr. Grey, of
the British Museum, comes to tue con-
i . 1 n 4 l,Atv. nMlmklv flUTttfinV
., , i . , - i vvi 444, auw lorK mis beasuu. uui- uusiuu iuciu wc twrt,.
me x cannot utscoeruui, one excuse iorlWitustandInj: which, it is said, rood kinds of whales in tho Southern ocean
Adam's being deceived, namely, sheer' singers arc very scarce. las in the Northern seas.
wagin to du hiz goin around in.
Iltr niHntif, wliiwfs nf 'inn If nn-
sweet household relations; by its purity I)earg that the imputation of the various
have been measured the strength oi uie states and Territories, as officially and
finally revised at the census otllce,
shows as follows: Alabama 000,902,
Arizona 0.C5S, Arkansas 4S1.471, Califor
nia oG0,247, Colorado 39,801, Connecticut
O.17.401, Dakoti 14,181, Delaware iaj.015,
Districtof Columbia 1:11,700, Florida 187,-
748, Georgia 1,1SI,1U9, luano n,00u,
Illinois 2,539,S91, Indiana 1,000,(537,
Iowa 1,191,702, Kauas 3!H,:!99, Ken
tucky 1,321,011, Louisiana 72G.915
Maine C2G,91o, Maryland 1 60,091, Jiassa
chusotts 220.127.116.114. Michigan 1.1S1.050,
Minnesota 430,700, Mississippi 827,422,
Missouri 1,721,295, Montana 20,595, Ne
braska 122,000, Nevada 42,491, New
Oregon 00,123, Pennsylvania 3,521,791,
illiode Island 217,353, South Carolina
institution of marriace. Throimli it litis
come the best happiness of mankind;
under its shelter nave tnriven an tne
Uate and the creatness of the people.
Vndcr its laws there has been occasional
suffering, as there must be under all uni
versal laws, itutso transcendentiy nave i
its blessings exceeded its evils, that to
thoughtful minds this of ail social ar
rangements bears thecouspicuousstamp
of Divine authorship.
It is the foundations of this temple
that some men and women of good lu-
i.v-iiv mi! luiuperiug wiiu. inev can no
more overthrow it than they ca"n change
tho course of the planet. Hut wi.nf
they can do, what they are doing, is to
temporarily weaken, in the minds of
not a few fnllnw-nrM !,.. .
the sacredness or marriage. In doinir ' Jan,Pt' liW' New J
that they are sowing the seeds or a tark 1 Mexico 01,974, New
harvest of suffering and sin . fit tiSfm ?orth Carolina 1,071,301,
iook well to the wisdom and right of
their course. b"
The newest wonder at the West Is a
fp toJiS near Bawling, on the Union
Pacific Bailroad, several miles in clr
ference, and capable of supplying 05,000
tons of soda a year. This genial body
is fed from countless springs bubbling
from n species of granite rock, which
Includes in Its composition a soda feld
spar. Jenny Llnd Goldsclunidt isannounced
to sing at a charity concert In London,
when one of her husband's compositions
705,000, Tennessee 1,25S,520, Texas S18,
879, Utah SC,780, Vermont ;t30,:59, Vir
ginia 1,225,15. Washington Territory
23,055, West Virglnia442,014, Wisconsin
1.054.070. Wyominir Territory 9.118.
Population ot the States and Territories
A young lady at Crawfordsville. Ind..
was some months since ruined by her
music-teacher, a gray-haired old sinner
of long experience in the business. At
the renuest of a vouug man to whom
he was engaged to be married she went
to the Home for the Friendless at Indi
anapolis, and waited for him to make
icr Ins wife, winch he did a few davs
ago after finishing his theological stud
ies, mat young man can Hereafter
be trusted in the vineyard as a laborer
A married man was recently urged by
an insurance agent to take out a policy
for the benefit or his wife to the amount
of twelve or fifteen thousand dollars.
and a long discussion ensued, which
was ended by the husband, who said:
"No, a widow with more than ten
thousand dollars would be a dangerous
legacy 10 leave to posterity."
A girl in St. Louis who is stmlvin-r
taw and intends to practice, Avas asked
by an envious lawyer if she was not
afraid of losing her reputation. She
said it had never occurred to her that
lawyers generally had any reputation to
lose! The conversation was here ter
A burglar, who atfomnfml in
house in Germantown, through a win
dow, a few nights ago, startled a little
girl who was sleeping in the room.
Half awake, she exclaimed, "Don't
toucn unit candy," and tlie burglar lied.
An Iowa paper tells of a smart wife
who helped her husband to raise seven
teen acres of wheat. The way she
helped him was to stand in the door and
shake a broom at him when he sat down
Miss Nettle Tower Houston, the
daughter of the late General Sam Hous
ton, contributes gracefully' written and
clever articles to tne boutiicm press.
Four hundred prisoners nre engaged
Jersey penitentiarj't and 2,000 pairs of
unisiieu snoes are lurneu out daily,
Alio uKsuurg uazeccc announces
mat. tno l-russian military law will be
speedily enforced in Alsace and Lor-
Virginia woman thought to frighten
her son, a young man, as he was com- Wcstfield, Mass., made 144,000 rattan
? I -,,"";::" - iu,wu numeoone tvnins in -uny,
out to meet him with a sheet thrown and whips all creation In this inauufac
ovcr her head. But he did not scare as ; ture.
wen as expected, on the contrary, he
Lawrence Minor, the colored man re
cently appointed to a Professor's chair
in Alcorn tTnlversitv, U
Governor, was taken from ttoMtM
Laurel oil If
house-flies. -'Ir T pumpkin leaves
dy&,"5 ' The latter will also
w 'iiLS . nna of any further trouble In
tok'ingcaro of canary birds and pet of
As many another woman that's only half as
Overthe hill to the poor-house I can't quite
make lt clear!
Over the hill to tho poor-house It seems so
Many a step I've taken a toltln' to and fro, ,
But this Is a sort of Journey I never'tholislit to
What is the use of henpln' on me a pauper's
Am I lazy or crazy? am I blind or lame?
True, I am not so supple, nor yet so awful s,tout ;
IJut charity ain't no tivor, If one can Hve'wlth
out. I am wlllln" nn'anxlous an' ready any Oay
To work lor a decent li vin', and pay my honest
For I can earn my vlctuals.an' more too.I'll be
It anybody only Is wllTln' to liave mo round.
Once I was young an' han'some I was, upon
Once my checks was roses, my eyes asibluok as
And I can't rcmember.In them days.orheariu'
For any kind of a reason, that I was In their
Taln't no use of boastin', talk In' over free;
But many a, house an' home was open, then to
Many a han'some offer I had from likely men.
And nobody ever hinted that I was a nunlen
And when to John I was married, sure he'wns
PxkI unci smart, . :JJE
But he and all the neighbors would own I ilone
Korlile was all before me, an' I wasyoungan'
And I worked the best that I could In tryln' to
Aud so we worked together; and llfo wus hard
With now and then a baby to cheer us on our
Till we had half a dozen, an' all groweU clean
An went to school like others, an' had euoAigh
So we worked for the chlldr'n.and raised 'em
Worked for em summer and winter, Jast'a we
ought to'vo done;
Only perhaps we humored 'em, which some
good folks condemn.
But ever' couple's children's a heap t)ie best to
Strange how much we think of ourbleesed little
I'd have died for my da Jghtors, I'd have diet
for my sons;
Aud Uod he made that rule of love; but when
we're old and gray,
I'venotlrcd lt sometimes how lt falls to work
the othe- way.
Strange another thing; when our boys an' girls
And when, oxccptln' Charley, they'd left us
When John he nearer an' nearer come, an'
dearer seemed to be,
The I.ord of hosts become oneday an' took him
away from me.
Still I was bound to struggle.im nVver to cringe
Still I worked for Charley, for Charley was now
Aud Charley was pretty good to me, with scarce
a word or frown.
Till at last he went a-courlln', and brought a
wife from town.
She was somewhat dressy,an' hadn'ta pleasant
She was quite conceity,nnd carried a heapo'
But If cvcrl tried to be friends. I did with her,
I know; ,
Bat she was hard and proud, an' I couldn't
make It go.
She had an edlcotlon.an' that was good for her;
But when she twitted me on mine, 'twas carry
In? things too fur?
An' I told hcronce, 'fore company (on It almost
made her sick),
That I never swallowed a grammar, or 'et a
So 'twas only a few days before the thing was
They was aramlly of themselves, and I another
And In a very little cottage one family will do.
But I have never seen a housa that was big
enough for two.
An' I never could speak to suit her, never could
please her eye.
An' It made me !mle)endent, and then I didn't
But I was terribly staggered, an' felt it like a
When Charley turned ng'ln mc,nn'tokl me I
I went to live witli Susan, but Susan's house
And she was always a-hlntlng how snug lt was
for u all;
And what with her husband's sisters; and'wltli
chlldr'n three, . ,
Twaseasy to discover that thoro wasn't room
An' then I went to Thomas, the oM-tJfm I've
got. " '' -'
For Thomas's bulldlns 'd cover the half of an
acer lot: i t
But all tho chlldr'n wason me I couldn't stand
And Thomas said I needn't think I was coming
there to boss.
And to Isaac, not far from her some twenty
And one of 'em said 'twas too warm there for
any one so old;
And t'other had an opinion the climate was'too
en I wrote to Rebecca, my girl who lives
tW'est, ; l! !
So they have shirked and slighted me, an'
shllted me about
So they have well nigh soured me, ah wore
my old heart out;
Bnt stilt I've bore up pretty well, an' wasn't
much put down.
Till Charley went to the poor-ma!trnn' put
me on the town.
Over tho hill to the poor-lKuse my children
Many a night rve watched you when only God
And'ood ''H judge between us; but I will al'ays
That you shall nevcrsufrerthe halfl do to-day.
it.. i.o,.i.,rr li Is wits about him and a
plentiful supply of eggs Mr Joseph
Hale succeeded in saving the life of his
wife last weelc, in I'omanu, who, m a
fit of abstraction, had swallowed a dose
of corrosive sublimate, tntnKing it was
laudanum. Given over by the fright
ened neighbors for dead, her husband
administered to the terrified victim tlie
whites of fifteen eggs, wnicu compieiei,
neutralized the effects of the poison.
said to exterminate
Alan, that a slug's o
Norlhern men who have been making
, t!Mu -'!, Cilt..
iigeoiogicuisui , ,
struck the "ghost" with a heavy whin I vrt- ,, , i.. n t,,,,..md report Immense iron deposits In tuac
i he was carrying, and she fell senseless. 1 barrels of eggs a day. ' ' county.