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About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 1, 1871)
MR. A. J. BniffAV, Editor and rroprlttor,
OHFICE-Cor. Third and WaliluCton fit,
TEIIMS, IN ADVANCE:
On your. - , . t-
Six month . . " " i
Three months i
AnVRUTISEMKNTS Insert eU on Reasonable
TIIE LONG AGO.
BY n. r. TATIOR.
Obi a TOmlerful stream U the river of Time,
An H elides through the realm of tears.
wina.laultle. rytlim and a musical rhyme.
-u r tmwiler sweep nnd a mirje sublime,
Anil bleu4a -rltli the ocean of yearn.
How the wiHtern are
drifting, like flakes of
And iLe wmrar like buds between.
And the year to the sheaf o fliey come and
Oh tin. rim bratst, with Hr eMjan.l floi.,
As It IMe through the ahadovr and .sheen.
Thercva msKtixtl iale up the river ofTlme,
Where 1 Mittest nir are playing;
TiMrre'K h elHMllewiky and a tropical clime
Ad a aHff cm sweet as a vcsior ehlmc.
And tkeJimeas with the roses arts sUiyln-
Ami the mow or thin lle Is the Ixinj Ago;
And we br-wr IpmMirM there;
icmuij aim bosoms ofsnow
mere me iieaiw or tlnst, but we loved them
are trinket and trebles or hair.
There are frapmentH or nong tlmt nobody Mil?,
And a partofan infant prarer:
Tiler a lute unnwept, and a harp wlthont
TlMnare fcrekeu vowk, and pieces of rings,
And the KHrment that she uxed to wear.
There are hands that are waved when the fairy
By the mirage Is lined In air,
A1H weiwHSMineu hear through the turbulent
SwMtiMees ms heard In the day gone before
nen me wind down the river is fair.
Oh! remembered Joraye be the blessed Isle,
All ibeday of our lire, till nhrlit-
When the eveuing come, with It beautiful
And our eyes are closing to Mumber awhile.
May that "Greenwood" orwul beln M-liL
A W0MA1PS EEPLY.
' ' J" ' ilV MIXJTIE MVKIXE MIJLLKlu
Before uie lies an open letter, just re
eclved from a friend in "Nevada, and I
navojust read therefrom these words;
"Is it possible tliat you are writing-,
canvassing and working for a 'Woman's
Bights' paper? You who in my heart
n iiuarm j. nave always called '.Evange
line' which name, with me, means
pu rest and best what do you ask ? Have
you not your dowry straight from the
haruhof God ? Were you not born to be
loved and is love not all in all ? 0,
"''HPSan hear the tone of reproach, see
- tV'rtfiPf ' Shakespearean head shake
DilgoJtKfiflJy-. and the look of sad disap
. pqintnlent in the kind eyes. It is not
pleasant surely to be thought unworn
anfe .J dread of course to be called
4SJP-Jed," but, my friend, it has
cAjrmitbtoy heart through disappoint
rigttVfa' real suffering that things are
EJUpy ought to be. Not for myself,
npwJlHit do you forget the little golden-haired
darling that used to climb to
Smrjihee, the childeyes that looked
wgglMly into yours, and the lips that
you kissed without passion? Time is
passjng, and by and by the golden-hair
-will crown a woman's head, and then
In regard to the suffrage question: Ido
notsee anything better that can be done
than to give everybody what they ask.
There is now an unhappy clement among
womenktnd who ask certain privileges,"
and let us judge thein justly and kindly
Victor Hugo says: "It is not certain
whe'ther we are happy because we are
gqog or good because wc are happy."
Do you not know loes not everyone
know how much better wc feel towards
the whole human family when wc are
Jiappy, successful, victorious? Let us
make woman happy not setting our
selves up as judges to determine what
will make her happy but let her have
her own way about it. God in His wis
dom has not made everyone alike. There
are, now and always, men in the places
where women should be, and women
who are trying to fill men's places; they
do It, and wiHdo it ; and they may as well
be allowed to do it woll. And methinks
there might be fewer ruined and debased
women if those of a certain tempera
ment and disposition had a sanctioned
outlet for their proclivities. Let us not
judge oven the unfortunates with an un
kind judgment. Let us speak and think
of them as though we were In the pres
ence of God. Who -will deny that if tin.
political privilege could act upon this
class of humanity it ould do a great,
grand good good to the wife, the sis
ter, tho 'Triestess," and to man if it
could take from and lessen the number
of tho-lowest class of women under the
sun, or, if not regain those that are real
ly lost, at least save others. There is a
certain spirit in woman as well as man,
a morbid dread of proscribed duties, an
overwhelming desire to be different
from others; from this nature comes
the "Priestess," who might with, the
political privilege be an aspirant for po
litical honors, a public laborer, lecturer,
anything but what she is. I am speak
ing of the unfortunate "humanity," as
Thomas Hood did, "not of the stains of
the importunate element before referred
to that the privilege of voting would
satisfy, and tbusdisconlancewouldcca.se
and something else begin. This class,
not having a talent, maybe, for making
samples, embroidery', crotchctiii" flut
ing, tatting, rufiling, etc., ctc-thls end
less variety of nonsense that wears out a
woman's eyes and enervate her brain
not, maybe, having a genius for poetry
or the fine arts ; or a taste for elaborate
dress, parlies, llirtiug, gossipim-. ttn
not having been employed in any or
these legitimate ways, they have, for
some time, been watching you men out
of the corners of their sybaiine eyes.
while you have taken from the depth of
vrtT.TTT.rT'. -i . .
' A-vxtJLAvjL, JL.au tirs, xxiwrs-, SEPTEMBER 1, 1M.
your mysterious pockets a bit of Immac
ulate paper and deposited it, with some
ceremony and evident responsibility, in
a box. There you may ask, and with
some propriety, why these women didn't
have their sybalinc eyes upon the rising
generation, and why their time was not
employed in looking after the innocents,
We do not find all of our time tuken up
in attending to the physical wants of
three or four beloved babies (and their
physical wants arc all or nearly all they
require for seven years after they are
bom). We do not believe in giving a
child three cold water baths evory day,
changing ils ulothingasmany times, be
sides frizzing its hair like the "true wife
and mother" tloes, and it does not take a
lifetime to stiank n baby and put it to
bed. .So these women have been ob
servingand they may have a littlo cu
riosity, a desire for adventure and ex
periment, but generally, I believe, it is
pure and earnest desire to better and
elevate men and women that they ask to
There is another class of bad, stricken.
hysterical women, who really have had
hard time, who are neglected and
abused and long-suffering, and this ele
ment it will protectand encourage. Then
there is another class that it will not af
fect, just as there is a class of men who
are not affected by polities, who .scarcely
take Interest enough to vote, litis is
the littlo domestic dove, cooing softly,
and content to coo ; the clinging vine,
wiring only to cling; the real, orthodox
true wife and mother," and if you men
will keep on being good to her she will
goon with her round of domestic duties,
which is to her a labor of love forever
and forever limiting up your very csscn
tial slippers-, sewing on your iniiortant
buttons and raking up the hair of her
iby into little rows like a neatly ar
Do not accept any of these terrible
and heart-rending pictures of the result
of woman sulfragc drawn by Congress
men and speakers in the House and
upon stumps here and there. Do not
believe them when they tell you that
omen will leave their homes and their
husbands unprovided for, and their chil
dren standing around the desolate hearth
in attitudes, subsisting on bones and
crusts. Look upon them merely as strong
ly imaginative when they say that a
woman -will leave her little babies to
die. Women do not do this wav. If
they were inclined to do so there are al
ready plenty of temptations and oppor
tunities. The truest, strongest, inherent
feeling and motive In a woman's breast
is her maternal love. You cannot in
duce a true woman to neglect orforsake
her offspring, and a false woman will do
it anyway, and go to perdition. If she did
it and went to Congress, it would be bet
ter. Do not be sclfiish in this matter; do
not be constantly thinking of what you
will lose. Would you deprive millions of
human beings of a privilege which they
earnestly ask, just for fear there might
be in consequence a missing button in
the next decade ?
There is a class of men who arc good
and philanthropic, and I believe are
really sorry for womankind. They al
ways say: "I am glad I am not a
woman." I was talking with one of
theM; the other day; he said :
"I sympathize witli women, and I do
it in a substantial way."
"I do not see how, since you arc not in
favor of any kind of reform, or political
or social change."
"I do it in this way," he said, signifi
cantly putting his hand into his pocket.
"Yes, but there are many little cases
around through the country that you
After a little more conversation came
the sweet old romance I had loved in
"I was brave because a woman gave
me her kisses; I worked because a wom
an loved me; T waskindbecjui.se a wom
an trusted me."
"Yes," I answered, a little fiercely,
"but that other man was not. Christ
said : '1 eame not lo call the righteous,
lint sinners unto repentance.' For Indi
viduals like yourself, or the one who in
spired you, these things are not intend
ed, and be assured they will never inter
fere with her trust or your troth."
Tills man needs only to understand
fully the wants and aims of woman and
ho will give her his assistance.
But there are other men who stand
up, winking pensively at nothing, with
a far-away look, and a "smile that is
child-like and bland," ami tell us that
we do not know what is for our good.
This style of mau will not believe any
thing until he sees it.
Then there are others who are fright
ened, and stand perfectly aghast at the
idea that their wives maypossiblyclaim
certain privileges, socially, which they
at present most triumphantly arrogate
"WheuAcjrvotelwant to die," walled
forth a trembling sinner the other day;
"I never want to live to see that day."
Well, such men might as well die;
they are better oil away down in their
"little beds," where the cold frowns of
women can never reach them.
S.VI.KM, Oregon, Aug. 20th.
The largest deposits of anthracite coal
t world aro Pennsylvania, the
mines of w;hich supply the market with
Hexhaustlb!emmUa"y " 4
nv MUS. CARRIE F. YOCNG, M. n.
None but physicians and physiologists
have a correct idea of the prevalence of
this sin. Our attention has been partic
ularly called to the subject during the
last three months. Why so many in
curable diseases among children ? Why
so many .shrunken limbs, enlarged
joints, deaf cars and blind eyes? Why
so many idiots? Why so many unbul
anccd brains and fearful tempers? Care
fully looking otter the families and chil
dren of a ward in the citv, or a town
ship in the country, there can be found
all these lamentable conditions. They
do not exist without cause, nnd chief
among the causes we name the one at
the head of this article.
"Incest is defined to be the co-habita
tion of parties who, by reason of consan
guinity, cannot be legally united." We
may extend this definition and say that
the co-habitation of persons whose tan-
jtcratnents and const Uutions arc noljthy'
toiogu-nuy compatible is incestuous. The
union of cousins is incestuous, not be
cause they are cousins, but because their
kinship gives them the srr;nc (cntpcra-
incut, and renders them physiologically
incompatible. The union of any two
physiologically the counterparts of thee
would be equally incestuous. The crim
inality does not attach because of con
sauguinity, but on account of the tem
peraments being incompatible, of which
incompatibility the kinship is but pre
-aturc punishes theae violations of
her law, "visiting the iniquities of the
parents uion the children even to the
third and fourth generation," and fre
quently far beyond. Oh! these unwritten
histories! Who shall proclaim them
upon thchousc-tops? JJtcrnal jtistieean-
swers, "1 will, in the blighted lives of
the children of these unholy unions."
Walking up and down the land on
all her beautiful hills in all her pleas
ant valleys walking the wards of asy
lumsthronging the ofllces of physi-
we sec evidences of physiological
incest, in idiocy, rickets, insanity and i
scrofula of every form and shate. In
jails and prisons we see lowering brows,
deficient moral faculties, and forms and
heads indicating the rule of the animal
propensities, and almost an entire ab
sence of the finer feelings and faculties
that make men and women Godlike. AH
these aro children loni of parents living
in physiological incest We know a fami
ly of nine persons seven children
where the mother has had from child
hood epileptic fits, and four of the chil
dren Inherit and are now daily liable to
the same su fieri ngs. Fortunately for
the race the curse fell upon the boys and
not yet upon the girls. A girl is not as
likely to marry a man thus afflicted as
men aro to marry such girls. -Yet, un
less these daughters can be guarded and
strengthened in all those directions
where this penalty of broken law is
likely to manifest itself, their children
will be very likely to inherit tho same
or a similar disease. The boys of that
family all show evidences of insane ali
mcntalivcncss. Two of them gorge
themselves with meats and drinks only
to go into spasms. Notwithstanding
tho expressed desire of the father to be
come a Christian, we failed to make him
understand that the sin of compelling
that mother to bear diseased children is
a crime for which there is no atonement
a quadruple sin against God's holy
laws, against the mother and tho child,
and against society.
This mother told us that slowly com
ing to consciousness this thought had
for years been taking shape : "It is a
sin forme to bear children." She added,
"I have begged and prayed to be saved
the pangs and perils and certainty of
giving to innocent children this terrible
bequest. Only that I am a coward I
would commit infanticide."
In every town of one hundred iiilmb- ,
Hants iu the United States may be found
suffering, fading, tortured women, dying
by incites, to whom burning at the slake
would not be as terrible as the conscious
ness that they are doomed to be the un
willing mothers of sickly, short-lived
children. All these aro living iu physi
We know another case where, in a
family of seven children, two are idiotic
and blind not one of them being perfect
to society. Still their parents go on
bringing into existence more children to
become a tax upon the people. These,
too, are living In physiological incest.
We know another case where cousins
married. Of nine children but ono could
speak, and she a hopeless invalid was
permitted to marry, iguorant of thoLaics
of Life, She gave birth to a mhc child,
which died, aged seventeen years. Eight
of the brothers and sisters were deaf and
dumb. Not one of tliem lived to he
nineteen years old. This white-headed,
broken-hearted father and mother in
formed of and familiar with God's un
changeable laws would have conscien
tiously asked, "Are wc so organized and
adapted to each other as to be when
twenty years have passed satisfied
with the results of our union?"
Too often, even with Christian people,
marriage is a means of cheaply gratify
ing unholy passions and pecuniary am
bitions, where it oughtin every Instance
to be carefully, conscientiously consld
erwl with a view to the future of thein
Free SrEccrr, Free Press, Fuf.e People.
own particular interests, and also with a
view to the future of the race.
"What," raid two of these parlies,
"shall we do? We love each other!
e cannot bretJi up our family?"
"Xo, we replied, "God forbid it. But
you can cease lo do evil. You can hence
forth live as friends or as brothers and
sisters, respecting each others rights and
infirmities. You have ignorantly sinned
Nbwyou know the consequences. Hence
forth live to obey divine laws, and study
read reason. Subject every passion
ami impulse to tno rule of right. Purifv
yourselves, uwiy and ulood, soul and
spirit. Seek divine aid. Live to educate
your ioor, sin-cursed children. Try to
save them from the repetition of the sins
of their parents. Cultivate In them anil
yourselves a love of the beautiful na
ture trees shrubs flowers birds-
books music pictures. Also cultivate
lersonal cleanliness purity of food and
drink with an earnest longing to Uvea
new life, that shall he crowned with
health and peace. These are the means
that will help you to rise above sickness,
ixckst, discord and premature death.
This deiwrtnicut of the New South
west is t j be a general vehiclo for ex
change of ideas concerning any and all
matters that may be legitimately dis
cussed in our columns. Finding it practi
cally impossible to answer each corres
pondent by private letter, we adopt this
motic or communication to save our
friends the disappointment that would
otherwise accrue from our i nnbil I f y to an
swer their queries. We cordially invite
everylnxly that has a question to ask, a
suggestion to make, orawoldingtogivc
to contribute lo the Correspondents'
Harry C. : We have not lately heard
from "Barey, the great horse-tamer."
We think there was nothing so very
marvelous in his art. One of his plans
and the principal one we have often
seen tried with success when we lived
upon a farm. Compel the vicious ani-
' , ?. nu8e onc fore foot !U,a t,,en' wh
a leather strap and lmekli. sr-n (ho
knee in a bended position. "Jumping
stifl-Jegged" on three legs will soon sat
isfy the most refractory animal that op
position is a failure under such diagree
able circumstances. Horses liavca great
deal of good, hard sense often much
more than their masters. If they are
rationally treated by rational beings
they can be broken without direct abuse.
Mrs. A.: Thanks for remittance. Cor
rect. Miss S. A.: Mrs. Laura DoForco Gor
don's address Is Mokolumue Station,
San Joaquin county, Cal.
T. G. T.: Subscription received per
Mr?. Carrie F. Young.
Mrs. N. C, Ills. : Many thanks for
your kind remembrance. Sent papers as
requested. Did not see the number of
the Woman's Journal containing the no
tice of our paper.
M. M. M. : Your countermand came
too late. Poem already published. Sor
ry you think poorly of it. Never mind;
it's all right. Glad to know of your im
proved health and good prospects. Shall
we publicly "explain?"
Mrs. M. L.: Your letter is received and
requot complied with.
Mrs. Ij. A. G. : Sent reversible shawl
August i!d. $li
Mrs. II. A. : Sent alpaca dress August
Mrs. M. A. M.: WasdisapiKiintcd, but
hope you can arrange the matter soon.
Your subscription was not included.
Miss Carrie O.: Fringe is very fash
ionable. Bullies, fold, pleatings and
fringe arc now often used upon the same
dress, and two oversklrts are surmount
ed by a basquiue and bows.
Helena : You can utilize your broken
black silk and make an elegant dress of
it by taking four yards of black velvet
een and the best parts of the heavy silk
and joining in alternate stripes of each
material the stripes not being over live
inches iu width for the silk and four
inches for tho velveteen. Make the
sleeves and waist to match the skirt.
An overskirt of tho best remnants of the
silk, trimmed with fringe surmounted
by the velveteen, will be a nice accom
paniment. Wc have made over old and
badly worn silks iu this way that ap
peared really elegant.
Hattie DcJ.: Llama lace shawls range
in price from thirty to one hundred dol
lars. "A disgusted mother:" We well know
how to sympathize with you. Once
when we were teaching scltool, and so
busy that we had barely time to bolt
our meals, our children became infested
with a fiery, cutaneous eruption caught
from some mangy young ones, whose
school bill remains unpaid to this day
which bade equal defiance to persistent
bathing, hygienic treatment, redpercep
itatc and repulsive sulphur and lard.
Bah! It makes us squirm to think of it
Finally, in our despair and consterna
tion, a good Samaritan suggested the
root of the common garden cle-campane.
We pounded a quantity of this root to si
pulp and stewed it in sweet cream, mak
ing a pleasant ointment which, in less
than a fortnight, utterly destroyed tho
itching scourge, and permitted the tor
tured children's flesh to heal. Tills rem
edy we have frequently since recom
mended, and have never known it to
fail. Anybody's children arc Hablo to
catch the itch, but no decent mother will
willingly harbor such a visitant
Where it Goes.
BV ELIZABETH STCAKT I'ltEU'S.
Boys and girls begin by being aston
ishingly alike. Up to a certain point
iney go uanti in Hand. The nrst thing we
know the road splits, and before one can
tell what has happened, or why, or how,
lie is tripping down his side of it, she
hers, and oft they go, "waving their
hands for n last farewell," to that com
munity of faculties, tastes, and interests,
that possible (sometimes practical) like
ness of mental and moral caliber which
alone can constitute, iu any sufiiciciit
sense of the term, equality between two
people. Now and then a woman "cuts
across lots," and now and then a man
goes IlOIlestlv out to meet linr? nml iw.pl
biuiiuiij, wirougit inicKets, and over
rt ii.. ii' ..V .. . . v' ""
rocKs, ami across briars, the two clasp
hands with ati appreciation of mutual
need, and a fitness for one another, and
a content with ono another which would
have been unattainnblo Imd tlu-v
on tossing roses and llvlnc- kilns .it i.rw.h
otlieracross tho growing distance of their
several ways. Jhit this is onlv tft.it
happy exception which proves the sad
1 1. 1 u.
Mature life, which
stunts the woman. Ho ff 1IX (111 Wllfn
stands still. He unfolds. She ilmniw.
He puts himself at
She does well if she save her principal
This is oTtecinllv
what we call "educated" men and
Mary and Josiali.:it lliohi..!.
au.uu.-uiy, Keep step iiKe drilled soldiers.
Mnrv. in fiipf tu i.. ..nr.. .i.
J-.ticlld lesson in loss tim ii.-.. t,,:..i..
and Mary will graduate the higher rank
in trcck. At the Shakspearc elocution
ClUliS theV Will take turns -it (I.-..
dollar prize. If Josiah's composition
on the principle of the cog-wheel is read
at tho exhibition, Mary will write the
iwriiiig iiymn. tr.ven at the base-ball
match one August evening, Mary will
be "pitcher," and Josiah must look to
Ins laurels, or she will carry her "side"
in spite of him).
If they chance in a medical cortege
together, Mary will be quite sure to bear
the first honors over his head.
But Mary seldom chances in the med
ical or, alas! In imv oflii-r ii.ll,.,...
Josiah plunges into Calculus and Des
cartes. Mary subsides Into custards and
dish-water. Iu fifteen years he Is a
college professor, or a State surveyor, or
iiiu iiiiuuiiiai oi iiic lounir American
Idea. In fifteen years fifteen? in five!
the chances aro that she will not read
me tiuny jiapcrs.
Apparently, tho girl started in life
with the same chance of intellectual
growth as the boy. What been mi nr it'
To ail powers of observation and infer
ence she seemed to bring, at the start, ns
much mental stock as lie to their joint
corporation. Where did it i?n ?
Said the Hon. George B. Hoar, before
a committee of the Massachusetts Leg
islature, in 1S70 :
"In the town where I was bom and
educated, and where we had prettv good
schools and pretty good scholar, the
girls were always at the head of the
classes. My friend who lias nreeeilml
mo and my friend who sits on the coin-
Everett that she could fill any professor
ship in Harvard College. Under her
tuition the university used to place
students who were suspended for a time;
and she kept them up with their classes
In every study, doing a work which
would have been divided among n dozen
male teachers iu the college. She was
onc of the few persons iu this country
who aro said to have read the 'jrccani
quc Celeste' in the original, without the
assistance of tho translation of Dr. Bow
difch; a Greek and Latin scholar to
whose studies JEsehylns and Homer
and Virgil were familiar; well ac
quainted, too, with the languages and
literatures of modem Europe: who
could ten naturalists, like Tuckermaii
and Gray, some tilings alwut their own
studies which they were glad to hear."
If there are such women as that among
us and where we hear or one there are,
of course, a dozen "mute inglorious
what becomes of them? Why, if thev
marry, do they sink into iiuracrv-maiifs
and cooks; and why, if they do not
marry, do we find thein for we do find
them rusting life out in sewing-circles
and strawberry festivals? Why do thev
go so far and o
"Why?" saitl a keen-eyed woman, to
whom I once propounded the problem;
"where?" sharply. "It's plain enough
where. Women's wiis go into their
After long, patient ami assiduous
study, 1 am inclined to think unable
to find for the worse a better reason
that she was partly right.
We hear a great deal about flic money
it takes to effect a well-dressed woman.
I wish we were oftener reminded of the
brain it takes.
Tho average young man walks into
his tailor's twice a year, pays a bill, and
has coats and pantaloons and vests.
That is all ho knows. He requires
shirts, and somebody makes him shirts.
He tiiiuks no more. Will lie have a
hat? Behold! a piece of felt, with a
galloon string. It docs not Hop over his
forehead. Jt will never twitch off his
back hair. It docs not blow into his
eyes. Its clastic cannot blister his neck,
or produce depression of the cerebellum.
It will not be out of date before the
summer is over. It is seldom or nevera
a matter of serious reflection. It is a
fixed fact, like yesterday's dinner or the
The average young woman expends
enough inventive power, enough finan
cial shrewdness, enough close foresight,
enough ' perturbation of spirit, enough
presence of mind, enough patience of
hope and anguish of regret, ujion one
season's outfit I lind almost said upon
one single street suit to make an ex
cellent bank cashier or a comfortable
graduate of a theological seminary.
If you doubt the truth of this state-
........ I t I . . r . . i c ... : i T . . I . . '
"cricket's eve," the first young girl you j
may meet down town. How fearfully
iiL-ub jusi uihe in loryourseii, wmi mi-
suppose those bias folds, and double
box-pIalts,and fluted rallies, and corded
bands, and shirred waists, ami pan-
ii, 0,---s ami nowed, and liounced.
und tied, and corded, und laced, and but
toned, and spangled, and fringed, and
folded, and dotted, and hauuehed, and
bunched, and horrible mysteries got to-
incre was mancuvcrlii!? nnm.ii
proded upou tho dress-mSkw to" have !
eiectcu a representative, and concentra- J
lienor mind upon the seamstress in-
tense enough to have withstood a Wall
"""" i. pnium leu you soineuiing neitiieranaitir.it nor a unnstiau state
of a lady who fitted me for college, of of things: that it is perverted and Pa-
WflOIll it Was said bv tho Into Pn.siil..nt ' tmi.. Iwv.ntsn w nn nsvl tn It vn
street panic, and headache enough put
into the sewing-machine to have mas
tered "Porter'sHumanlntclIect." And
now it requires care enough tokeepher-
rcii togetiier to save a soui.
I once saw a young lady ride the
whole way from Portland to Boston in
the cars without once leaning back
against tnc custuoncd scat, so tiiat
she should not tumble her black silk
A barber told me that he "curled a
young lady" once for a ball; "and she
had two hundred and forty-seven curls
when slio was done. And I began at
ten o'clock in the morning, and I never
got through with her till nine o'clock at
Dr. Dio Lewis tells of a bciuir who
put tour Hundred anu twenty-live (I
iiiniKj yams oi trimming upon one sin
"We gut no Christ from you," said
Bumuey Leigh. "And, verily, we shall
not get a poet, in my mind."
And, verily, when society had re
duced women to such straits as this onc
hardly understands sucli a fact as Eliza
beth Barrett Browning.
Four hundred and twenty-five yards !
Conceive of the Hon. Charles Sumner
or Professor Longfellow in four hundred
and twenty-live yards of trimming!
Imagine the speech on San Domingo, or
the Psalm of Life, written in a black
silk sask tied in a snarl to the author's
coat-tails, he pausing at every classic
metaphor, or at the close of each mar
tial stanza, to sec if he had tumbled him
Fancy Brown-Sequard at a consulta
tion iu two hundred and forty-seven
curls. Picture him timing the pulse of
a dying man with one hand and tight
ening his hairpins with the other.
It is a threadbare experiment of out
raged taste to fire broadsides of ridicule
at women's dress; but it is neither fair
play nor fair logic to do "only that and
nothing more." Women arc what men
have made tltcni. You had the first
chance, sir. "Our hour is notyetcomc."
It is quite as much your fault as ours
that you write epics while we hem
frills; and that you support the family
while wc punch stiletto lioles in a piece
of cambric, or prick yards of muslin
into embroidered "insertin'," to encir
cle our necks and arms withal.
From the time that a girl-baby is put
into a flimsy muslin upper skirt, with
three frills and a bow to it, and a boy
baby into a solid piece of blue flannel,
wit li a sailor-collar and brass buttons.
' to the dav when Mary leavesschool and
begins (alas! poor Mary !) to "do her
own sewing," tue girl's mental rorce is
imperceptibly, insidiously, poisonously
draining away into the covering of her
poor, little, innocent, beautiful body.
By that it is "time for her to be mar
ried;" and then the last state of that
woman shall be worse than the first.
Men dres to please themselves.
Women dres to please men. A man's
attire has regard to his comfort, his
convenience, his means, his business,
Ills whereabouts, his health, his happi
ness. A woman's has regard to the
whims, the fancies, the weakness, the
admirations and passions of men.
It Is surprising that it should be nec
essary to maKc tue assertion mac tins is
are not, thereiore, ndapted to it; tiiat
it is as false as it is familiar, and as dan
gerous. If they were not the most obvious
truths which require the most demon
stration, and the superfluous applica
tions which oftcnest cry from neglect, it
would be mere impertinence to remind
the world at this stage of its history
that the greatest blunder it has ever
committed is the assumption that wom
an is made for man. But the world,
like the school-boy, "knows perfectly
well only forgets."
L infer the blessed dispensation or
Jesus Christ, a man is just as much the
helpmeet for the woman as the woman
is meet for and help to the man. Under
the dry and dusty old-time Jewish prej
udice, which sticks like tills year's
drought, that woman loscth her life,
misses her purpose, fails of her final
cause, who does not study to make her
self useful and attractive to men; and
mark the inevitable corollary by the
very least elevating powers ofattractlon
which she can exert or to which they
I call them the least elevation. They
might well demand a stronger term.
Bun your eye over any "female" sem
inary that you may chance upon, and
how often would you find a girl to
whom you would say .that it has ever
occurred to inquire why It is that she
.should put ten rows of velvet in a "Gre
cian pattern" on the bottom of a dress,
while her brother has his coat bound
once witii a silk braid, and then calls
it a "gimp," and never knows the dif
ference to Ids dying day? Why she
wears four feathers, several yards of
rihlioit, a piece of lace, cambric flowers
and a vail upon her straw hat ; and he
only n lute-string band pinned straight
uronnd the crown ? Why her hat tips
over her nose, and his stays on his
head? Why she is burdened with a
pink parasol, and lie goes haudfree and
burned and happy? Why he may
freckle from forehead to chin, if he
likes; and why she locks herself in her
room and cries when she discovers the
tenth, upon the bridge of her nose?
Why he should wear comfortable, loose
coats, and alio uneasy tight basques?
Why he in broadcloth, she in transpar
ent muslin? Why her pretty neck is
bare, his decently covered? Why she
pays four dollars for a laco collar, he
twenty-five cents for a linen? Why
she is pinched into corsets, and ho is
not? Why his shirts are made into
plain bands, and every article of her uu
uerdress is trimmed ? Why her very
handkerchiefs are reduced to a senseless,
useless mass of fine embroidery and
lacework, to which he would refuse the
dignity of a niosnnllo nMtir.,.9 wi...
in short, ailtlie wc of dress is his, the
hL?'0 nsoThis',tue nonsense
Hers. The beautv I heifnt r i
. A m.
not a graceful being; buf In this fSStS
vated year of our Lord one tlS
very-s ove-pitHj hat and sack coat yield
the field to the unparalleled andunap-
l'roaehed and unapproachable deformity
of women's attire. 3
Tt. fnlriMs niniv. nml n. .
i , . 1 1 1 1 Ulllllis
i? ',u,en arc Peeled to dress.
-" ouise uian brains
thlukC1P,lrr,V5ua.rl wome" know I
,nl ."JflS " la.t modes, ,
ll.-lil..' . HIU JUieSL IUOUCS.
, ne K.?from the corrupt
n b r..." ""mM narl0W om
Good women oa, t n i rt i J
theirdutyto see, Wo ignore? to exile?
A Journal for theTcopIc
Devoted to the Interests or iMmanity.
Independent in Polities and Religion.
Mlve to all Live Issnes. nnd ThnmntliK-
P-ndlcal In Opposing and Expo-sing tSeVrons
ol the Masses.
Correspondents wrltlnz over assumed slena-
lures must make known their names to the
rxiitor.or no attention wilt be given to their
Thf- miJh TV J au i-"nioucsc style.
o T he thl W.T V"1 Inta
quality. ' "'""ve or moral
These are sharp, plain words in which
to put a very satf, subtle troth; tot they
are the sad and subtle truths which Re
quire sharp piain words. This would
bo no place to say them if they were
said in their place.
If every' woman who has the trainln
of young girls in her hands would teaefi
them, us fast and as far, as slowly and
as finely, as carefully and as tersely as
she can, that the entire past and present
theory of feminine dress is a degradation
to a good woman and an onnortnnitv tn
a had one, she would do more tow.ini
saving the world than any pulpit but the
'STmt- MV.titntilntlt ..till llin.i ...... ... 1
but St. John.
When the world learns that there is
worse than no reason why womenshould
sacrifice any moro time, money,
strength, intellect or modesty to their
dress than men, we shall have ten wom
en citizens, scholarsj inventors, sculp
tors, artists, poets, scientists, and rulers,
where it would be impossible, in the na
ture of tilings, to find more than one
"I think you hardly allow margin
enough," interrupted a thoughtful wom
an, looking up from hor sewing at me
here, "for the inside women."
"What do you call the inside women?"
"Those who caunotboartistsand poets
"They can be citizens, at least. I
said scholars and citizens."
"Well ierhaps. And isn't there a
goodness in the influence of women's
dress upon the world ? It is very bad, I
know; but it isn't all bad."
"Good women will make goodness out
of any tiling. If women over ennoble so
ciety on a wrong principle the credit
belongs not to the principle, but to
them. Any principle which demands
that one-half of the world shall in
tluenee the other half, primarily, by
physical beauty and its adornment is
degrading botli to its subjects and its
objects, and therefore wrong."
.My lricnd tooKiip lier sewing silcutlv,
and while site was musing the fire
burned; then spake I with my tongue:
"I more than suspect that some plain,
neat, sensible and graceful costume
flittering iu the two sexes only so much
as the necessities of society and the finer
instincts of women shall require will
be at sonic time devised for general
street, house and business wear; that
women will, in due time, be no longer
in peril of life every time they step from
a horse-car, or of dropping the baby
every time they go up stairs, or of a
rheumatic fever every time they walk
out in the rain, from their long, entang
ling skirts; or of social ostracism if they
wear no streamers upon their heads, or
of that most dire calamity, not being
popular In society,' if they cannot com
mand good dressmakers."
Of course, being in Borne, mean
while, we do, more or less Heaven
send it may be less and less! as the Bo
These "bloodless revolution" in so
ciety come on tiptoe, and some coni
formity to established standards ofpro-
"i eiegance js as necessary as
flannels in nn east -wind. As long as
we cannot change the temperature, we
must, in a measure, adapt ourselves to
it. Xevertheless every woman who has
so far pulled her sex back into the Dark
Ages as to put on one of the dragging
uncleanly, senseless street-dresses wqiioli
disfigure this spring's fashion-books has
done a deed of which she ought to feel
ashamed. And, notwithstanding, tho
day may come when no refined and
respected maid or wife would be seen in
what will be called a fashionable outfit
in any country town in the land this
Oi-k Coming Gihl. The following
communication to the Chronicle speaks
for itself: 1
Editor Ciinoxicr.K: Under the cap
tion of "Jjcrve vs. Muscle," tho follow
ing editorial paragraph appeared in the
issue of Tuesday:
"Mrs. Stanton says the nerve oV the
Coining Girl will be superseded by
muscle. Now, as nerve is the nearest
tangible approximation yet found to
mind, and as muscle is the symbol of
mere brute strength, does Mrs. S's pre
diction argue well fortheiutellectualitv
of our Coming Girl?"
Muscle is to the nervous system what
the foundation Is to a house. Women
are top nervous to-day for sustained
mental action. All other things being
equal, the larger the brain the more
muscular ijower; the greater the man or
woman. Daniel Webster, one of the
greatest men of our times, was a largo
man with great physical as well as
mental strength, his brain weighing 42
ounces Francis Power Cobfie, who
stands high hi the literary world in
bngland, weighs 300 pounds. So have
no fears, Mr. C7roie?c, that when onec
girls throw aside high heels, paniers,
chignons, corsets, and exorcise the in
alienable rights of deep breathing and
easy locomotion, that they will lose any
of their intellectual capacities .nr spirit
ual attractions by a strong physical de
velopment. Elizabctii Cady Stanton.
The Bukdexs Upon Wives. "Un
married ladies may take comfort from
the fact that they are likely to live about
ten years longer than wives, if Dr. Hert
niuller, a German physician, says what
Those anxious to learn of the terrible
hardships of married women, should
visit the farming district of the Ohio
and Mississippi valleys, the farming and
great manufacturing districts of Europe,
and notice tho burdens of labor imposed
on wives and mothers, In kitchen, laun
dry, sewing-room, cow-yard, hog-pen,
chicken-house, nnd vegetable-garden,
in addition to those of bearing, nursing,
and rearing from one to a dozen children,
with from fourteen to eighteen hours
dally of exhausting drudgery, harassed
with corroding cares and carking anx
ieties; the wonder will not be that niar
ried women arc cut down so soon, but
rather, they will be astonished that they
do not, under the pressure of adverse
conditions, melt away more rapn'O J
now pse to run VVutttoi
selecting .from bo . too
ptittretshe best nauTes of each. This
pi i cheis "'-r ..i far bv women.
ll.CK . i...t m- woman .supporting it
w.L-i.t iH1T1(JL IW ' " . . '
utZ bo' rWible for the vote of her