Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About The new Northwest. (Portland, Or.) 1871-1887 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 18, 1871)
.AUGUST IS, 1871.
There are seven reasons vliy farmers
are healthier than professional men,
1. They work more and develop all
the muscles of the body.
2. Thev take cxerciHS in the open
air, and breathe a greater amount of
3. Their food and drinks are common
v less adulterated and are far more
simple. , , .
4. They do not overwork the brain as
much as professional men.
5. They take their sleep during the
hours of darkness, and. do not try to
turn night into day-
6. They are not ambitious, and do
vnot wear themselves out so rapidly in
the fierce contest of rivalry.
7. Their pleasures are simple and less
The above is delightful theory, and
we should be glad to see it proved by
' practice. But statistics prove that
there are more lunatics and hopeless
maniacs among farmers than all other
classes of people. They prove that the
lives of professional men and women
are longer than the lives of farmers and
farmers' wives, and they prove that,
notwithstanding the farmer's advan
tages, he is a verj slave to his occupa
tion. Especially is this true of the far
mer's wife, who rises long before the
dawn thus turning the best part of the
night into day tliat she may thereby
have meals in readiness for a band ot
workmen. Then farmer's wives have
little or no exercise in the open air.
They too often rise from a couch of pain,
after their sleep has been broken by the
restlessness of a puny infant, and pro
ceed forthwith to the kitchen, where,
amid the stifling odors of burning
grease and steaming collee, they pre
pare the morning meal. So much for
woman's delightful season of sleep, and
so much for her exercise in the open
air. "Vc know whereof wc speak, for
we tried it faithfully for half a score of
Now, it is folly to expect women to
bear and foster a healthy " generation
under such regime. Therefore far
mers, in spite of the "seven" above
enumerated "reasons," arc not healthier
than professional men, though they
ought to be, and doubtless trould be
were it not that the mothers of men arc
denied the opportunity for the healthy
exercise and refreshing sleep which men
unanimously accord to the lower ani
mals during the gestatory and nursing
period. This is a grand subject, euv
uracing uic lunuamentai princjnic-s
upon which the world must act if we
The Pacific ClirMlan Advocate has re
ceived from the ofilce of Mr. Morgan,
Assistant Assessor of the Third Division,
District of Oregon, the following table :
By the Bottle-nnd not by the Glass....
' Total nnmlier oTLtauor Dealers ,-.l.
Tobacco and Cigar Dealers r. ITS.
Thlnk-of these, figurey-ye niothersof
growing sons! Arouse yourselves lo d
knowledge of your moral obligations,
and, by the love you bear your children
never let us hear you say again, "you
have all the rights you want," until the
rum-fiend, who stalks stark and grim
through our streets and byways, and
through palatial business houses of brick
and stone and marble, as well as through
houses of less pretension and huts of
.noisome filth, shall have become by the
magic of your might and influence the
abodes of temperance, morality and so
Never let us hear you say again that
government is not you legitimate sphere.
Man needs you by his side as his lielp
meet in our municipal regulations as
well as in the home, the church and the
social circle. Cannot you see that ho
makes bad work of government
without you? One hundred and forty-
nine liquor dealers in Portland ! Only
think of it! Have you "all the rights
you want" so long as these pits of in
temperance are allowed to lure your
sons to ruin while your voice is power
less to say them nay? Upon you, O,
mothers of America, devolves the moral
responsibility of this great curse of in
temperance. We pray you to no longer
foster, by your apathy and indifference,
this rapidly growing evil. You may
shirk your duty, but your children must
endure the consequences. Assert your
right to the ballot, acknowledge its
power, and prove by your example that
you know your duty and dare to perform
it, and wo shall see tf this scourge, with
its twin companion, prostitution, is not
speedily banished from our city limits.
Wc are the favored reciplunt of a copy
of W. 1L Gray's History of Oregon,
which we have delayed to notice from
time to time for several weeks, in the
hope that -nechould have timo to give
the work a thorough perusal. We have
lately had time to examine the book,
and find that it will amply repay a stu
dious investigation. The style is sim
ple, unconstrained and natural, and
though the author's prejudices crop out
very forcibly in some places, yet we
think he clearly substairtiates good rea
sons for them.
We wjBitrtlcularly interested in
the acegmy. jjthc fir 'Territorial
.ConuniltfefpifaftiBtlne," Tdiich nlci- at
of 1 95 twit- Any fn he mlspij HiV WUhtfVLf fnrfi.rt mi vivl ami ;ni;irpiitlv lli'liullted
.fmmWm mMLWmtZmTioniShM a remarkable precoc
Lif Jit,,r. rM..n'TJ... J.
T&tty tulrty, wiUi oW uToyrarid smirching her childish feminity, is
nt and the balance used as a gran-' so horrible that we can only realize
arj'i frm which it derived its Jnamo."
Passing through a page or two of min
utes, etc, we come to Jvewell's resolu
tion: "Robert Newell' moved and was
seconded, that a committee be ap
pointed to prepare a paper for the sig
nature of all persons wishing an organi
zation." It seems that a majority of the citi
zens were In favor of an organization
and reported accordingly, whereupon
our friend Newell took the floor and ex
postulated. Said he : "Wall, reely now,
Mr. Chairman, this report is a stumper.
see from the report of this 'ere com
mittee that you arc going on a leetle too
fast I think we had better find out if
we can carry this thine before we co
too far. Wc have a good many people
that don't know what we're about, and
I think we'd better adjourn before we
go too far."
"Most of the committee were in favor
of universal suffrage, and as Dr. Newell
had a native wife, it was naturally sup
posed' he would be quite as liberal as
those who had full white families, but
the Doctor demurred in the following
speech: 'Wall, now, Mr. Speaker, I
think we have got quite high enough
among the dark clouds. I do not be
lieve we ought to go higher. It is well
enough to admit the English, the
French, the Spanish and the half-breeds,
but the Indian and the negro is a little
too dark for me. 1 think wc had belter
tton at the half-breeds. I am in favor
of limiting the right to vote to them,
and going no further into the dark
clouds to admit the negro."
We produce the above matter of his
tory to show that equality before the
law was a mooted question in Oregon
nearly twenty years ago, and also to
show the quality of the opposition it
received, and the causes for the same.
WOODHULL AND OLAPLIN.
On our first page is a letter from Mrs.
Belle W. Cooke, to which we call the
attention of the public.
We have not seen the article in Wood-
hull and Clajlin's Weekly to which our
friend alludes, but we have seen many
commendable things in their very able
journal. Mrs. Woodhull says and does
manv singular tilings simply because
she flares to do so. AVe regard her as a
sensational rather tlian a wicked jour
nalist. Mrs. Beechcr Hooker, who per
sonally knows her, pronounces her a
pure woman. The sad phases in her ear
ly married life have had a tondency to
pervert her ideas of the marriage bond,
and there are thousands of women under
the yoke of wedlock to-day who secretly
nurse just such sentiments against the
restraints of matrimony as are openly
proclaimed by this unfortunate and in
telligent, fearless and remarkable
Woodhull and Clajliii's Weekly will be
read, upheld and sustained by the very
attacks which would seem to hinder it;
and, while wc by no means endorse its
theories upon the marriage relation, yet
we do emphatically declare that its able
exposition of many of the glaring wrongs
that curse society far more than com
pensate for the mischievous tendency of
its axparciit doctrine of free love.
We,fiiid.'ibiatTcw of the people who de
.Mnuiice the paper are acquainted with it
except upon hearsay evidence. Our
friend, Mrs. Cooke, has been reading
sorao of its articles, however, and we
like her candor in denouncing what she
cannot indorse. Like herself, we simply
desire to "prove nil things and hold fast
to that which is good."
THE "BULLETIN MOBALIZETH.
Wc arc pleased to sec that our friend
of the Bulletin has become aware of the
existence of the Day's Doings and Po
lice Gazette; and wc are rejoiced that he
is using his influence, as the first fruit of
conversion to woman suffrage, to urge
the Interposition of the law to prevent
the circulation through the United
States mails of such publications as are
a libel upon decency and an outrage on
the purity of humanity.
Doesn't our brother know that if the
mothers of growing sons could have a
voice in making andrcgulatingourlaws
this prurient pestilence would be pro
hibited, and that right speedily? Doesn't
he realize that a reading and reasoning
and thoughtful woman, who spends the
best part of her life in "training her
children in the doctrines of truth and
chastity," to be sullied bv man-made as
sociations as soon as they are old enough
to rc:ul a picture, is like a carrier dove
with her wing clipped, or a wise gover
nor with Ills power gone, or a counselor
in chains, a very helpless grapplcr with
the corruption under whoso influence
her sons must soon be brought, and
where her influence has no power to
Again, our brother'ii strictures upon
the nude drama are gratifying in the
extreme. Who believes that the wise
and pure and conservative mothers of
this city would permit the enaction of
such an outrage upon delicacy as wc
were mortified to sec but recently upon
the stage in this city, in which a young
girl danced, whirled, kicked and cavort
ed in a disgusting and scant undress of
gauze, the only covering(?) which con
cealed!.!) her otherwise entire nudity.
To call things by their right names is
the aim of a reform journal, and we hope
the local of the Orcgoman, who has
gono into rhapsodies over the exhibi
tions of the Nathan troupe and whose
description thereof induced us to enter,
will not blush over-much when we as
sure him that wc failed to sec the won-
ih.rfiil rrr.iiilitr nml hrvlllfv of the ills
such an undress,
audience of girls and boys,
of this troupe, the child
should be taught to enact the character
1 1 .... CI t 1
pangs of solicitude for the little victim
or her parents' imprudence and cupidity.
There are statutes against cruelty to au-
lmais, out wo know of no statute prohibi t
ingthc turningof this poorehlld's nights i
into uays, taxing her brain to remember
messes of ridiculous rubbish, imposing
upon her nervous system, crowding her
already alarmingly premature develop
ment, and thereby rendering abortive
the attempt of nature to make of her a
truly remarkable, wise, prudent, pleas
ing and useful woman. To sacrifice such
a child, or indeed any child, upon such
an altar is terrible. Those who sow the
wind must reap the whirlwind, and we
greatly err in prophecy if that child's
after life docs not bring a reproach upon
her ignorant parents, which will teach
them a bitter lesson after it shall be too
late to rectify their present unfortunate
The other and older children of this
troupe develop no remarkable precocity.
The girls are pert, disagreeable and af
fected; the boys arc boorish, great, in
sipid mushroons; the mother is dowdy,
and the father well, wc couldn't place
That a public journal of the standing
and respectability of the Orcgoman
should find nothing but praise and com
mendation for such a troupe of cheap
and dirty Shams shows clearly that the
public taste to whlchitpandersisalarm
Wc are glad that the Bulletin has
found thecourage to oppose these thing,
and wc hope and trust that the other
Portland dailies will go and do likewise.
HOME ANDITS QUEEN.
There is probably not an unperverled
man or woman living who does not feel
that sweetests consolations and best
reward of lifearu found in the loves and
delights of home. There are few who do
not feel themselves indebted to the
influences that clustered around their
cradles for whatever of good there may
be in their characters and conditions.
Home, based upon legitimate marriage,
is so evidently an institution of God,
that a man must become profane before
ho can deny it. Whereverit Is planted,
there stands a bulwark of the State.
Wherever It is pure and true to virtuous
idea, there. Pvcs an institution conser
vative of all the nobler interests of
Of this realm woman Is the queen. It
takes its que and hue from her. If she
is in the best sense womanly if she is
true and tender, loving and heroic,
paticntand self devoted she consciouslv
or unconsciously organizes and puts in
operation a set of influences that do
more to mold the destiny of a nation
than any man uncrowned, by power and
eloquence, can possibly cfl'ect. The men
of the nation arc what their mothers
made them, as a rule: and the voice
which those men speak in the expression
of their power is the voiceof the women
who bore and bred them.
There can be no substitute for this.
There is no other possible way in which
the women of the nation can organize
their influence and power that will tell
so beneficently upon society and the
State, Neither women nor the nation
can nlTord to have home demoralized
or in any way deteriorated by the loss
of her influence there. As a nation, we
rise or fall as the characters of our
homes, presided over by women, rise or
fall, and the best gauge of our pros
perity is to be found in the measure by
which these homes find multiplication
in the land. In true marriage, and the
struggle after the highest ordeal of home
life, is to be found the solution of more
of the ugly problems that confront the
present generation moral, social and
political than wo have space to enu
merate. Am. Odd Fellow.
The above is copied from the Wil
lamette Farmer, a really valuable
newspaper, but a very weak worker in
the woman movement, as its selections
from other man's rights pajwrs conclu
We wish the Farmer and all other
man's rights journals to distinctly un
derstand that wc indorse every wonl of
the foregoing; but If these wiseacros will
go a step further and permit the ''queen
of home" to exercise her inherent
rights which they wantonly usurp
thereby enabling her to bring her purity
and good sense into the counsels of the
nation, she will not longer feel the mor
tification which at present distresses
her when she beholds her labors of love
and self-sacrifice brought to naught as
soon as her sons grow out of the reach
of womanly influence and begin to tike
part in n onc-scxed and inharmonious
"JOAQUIN" HEABD PEOM.
Wo learn that Mr. William Davidson
lias received a letter from the poet Mil
ler, 'accompanied by one addressed to
The letter to Mr. Davidson requests
that gentleman to do him the favor to
find the address of Mrs. Miller and for
ward his letter to the same. Mr. David
son is also requested to write to Mr.
Miller at once, giving particulars as to
the whereabouts of his wife, and all
about the children. Wc are pleased to
be able to give Mr. Miller the credit of
having at last remembered his babes,
and wc hope ere long to sec him prove
liis regard for his children in sonic sub
stantial manner. Wc hopo that ho will
also pecuniarily reward their heroic
mother for her devotion to her helpless
LETTEE PEOM MES. 0. T. DANIELS.
H.yi.um, Oregon, Aug. 11th, 1871.
Dear Mr. Duniicay : Believing as I
do, that woman's power should be equal
with man's to make and control her own
social conditions, I cannot refrain from
sj)eaking on a subject which, to me,
seems perfectly horrible. Not many
months since the press of this State pub
lished a full account of the true charac
ter of Jas. D. Fay. At least we have as
yet none of the proof which he says he
can bring to gainsay the charges against
his character. But I notico that the
same papers which published full ac
counts of his atrocious and worse than
brutal act arc speaking of him as Hon
orablc. My heart burns with contempt
and indignation! Why should a man
--11.. .t T. J- I lu Yllllll 11
oc canuu iiuiiuraBic f i""""'j
known that he did not scruple to rob a
poor, weak, dependent girl of her virtue,
which is more than life itself? In the
name of humanity, do you thinfc that
there is a virtuous man or woman who
can consider him worthy to be called
honorable? Think you that the poor
victim of his wiles and false promises
the misled, the hopeless, heart-broken,
forsaken, ruined girl will call him hon
orable? Yet, despite the fact that' the villain
Fay has proved himself unworthyof ev
ery attribute of noble manhood, the
newspapers call him honorable, and
many of them are willing to accord him
position ofllce! Cash and brains make
for him a free pass everywhere, while
his poor victim and her shame-stricken
friends are left to bear the burden of his
disgrace, their ruin and the world's bit
Woman is powerless so long as she
eats the bread of dependence to prevent
the aggression of man. Were the tables
turned to-day were man dependent
upon woman for his subsistence and rep
resentation, and she thereby possessed of
power to control his whole moral condi
tion lie would very soon find himself
compelled to square his life to a new
In moral rectitude woman herself
should not demand less of woman, but
of man sliu should demand more. There
should be no law or usage which recog
nizes or for a moment tolerates a privi
leged class, which is nothing less or
more than an aristocracy of sex.
Public opinion must abandon its lib
eral pardon of the vices of men. I pray
that the unequal and debasing standard
of morality may be cut short, and that
.sex may no longer he a protection for
the libertine or a clonk for the honorable.
Mrs. O. T. Danikls.
A letter just received from Hon. John
A. Collins, of San Fraiicisco, brings the
welcome news tliat Susan B. Anthony
will leave that place forl'ortlaud on the
next steamer. It is thought that Mrs.
Stanton cannot come; but hundreds of
the citizens of Portland have signed a
petition urging her to visit us, and It is
hoped that wc shall not be disappointed.
OUE NEIGHBOR EEJ0I0ETH OUB
Upon beholding the equal rights arti
cle that appeared in yesterday's Herald
wo were rejoiced to be able to add to the
editor's grace of courtesy the cardinal
virtue of gratitude. Another evidence
that men arc not the brutes they pretend
to be when arguing equal rights witli
THE S300 PEIZE ESSAY.
The Board of Real Estate Agents of
this city on May loth, 1871, nade the fol
lowing offer for a prizo essay on Ore
gon: A prize of$300willbc given by the
"State Board of Ileal Estate Agents"
for the best Essay on Oregon, its Ad
vantages as an Agricultural and Com
mercial State, Inducements it presents
to Capitalists, Emigrants, etc.
The Essay not to exceed one hundred
pages of printed matter, the size of the
phainplct published by the Labor Ex
The decision to be made by a commit
tee consisting ot tli6 olllcers of the State
Agricultural Society and the following
named gentlemen: J. C. Ainsworth,
Esq., Hon. M. P. Dcady, Dr. W. II.
Watki'ns, L. White, Esq., W. S. Ladd,
The manuscript to be handed in with
in sixty days from date. Address all
C. P. Fkhkv, Secretary.
OitHoox Stati: Boaiid ok Bi:ai, Es
tatk Agents : The undersigned Com
mittee to whom was referred the Essays
written for the $300 prize offered by the
Board of Ileal Estate Dealers for "the
best Essay on Ihcltcsoureesand Advan
tages of Oregon," report that, of the live
essays submitted to them, the ones
written by Mrs. A. J. Duniway and
lion. J; Quiuii Thornton, respectively,
are in all respects superior to the other
three; ami that, as to these two, they
have dillcrcut merits and faults, but
upon the whole arc so nearly equal in
merit that the Committee is unable to
say that either is absolutely better than
the other, and therefore recommend
that a moiety of the prize Ihj awanled to
thu author of each. (Signed),
J. C. Aixswoutji,
W. S. Lad i),
M. P. Dkady,
W. H. Watkixs,
r E. It. S. Cajthy.
l'QUTLAXD, AugUstO, 1871. ,
Portland, August 1871.
C. P. FEmiY, Esq., Secretary of the
Boartl offiealFsUtlc Agents, Portland
Dear Sir: The undersigned, having
read ami considered the decision of the
Committee to whom the Board you rep
resented referred the five Essays on the
Resources and Advantages of Oregon,
submitted in competition for the $300
prize oflered for "the. best Essay," con
sent to the award as made. We are re
J. Quixx TnonxTON.
Mits. A. J. Duniway.
A Visit Fkom ax Editor, We had
the honor of a call on Thursday last
from Mrs. Duniway, the talented editor
of the Nkw Nortj i wist. Mrs. D. is an
excellent conversationalist, and talks
with so much sense and cogency that it
makes one forget that she is a "weaker
vessel." Her visit to thlsclty wascouplcd
with business, and from that wchear, the
already bulky edition of her paper will
be considerably iucrcased thereby. The
"shrieking sisterhood" have an earnest
and iowerful auxiliary in the pen of
this lady, and she is sure of readers and
admirers even among those who believe
that such tilings as woman's rights
should be done- away with. No pun
i ntended. J "aiicotirer Jicghtcr.
There is said to be a vast deal of des
titution and suffering in Paris, 240,000
leople being dependent on charity.
For The Xcw Xorthvrcst.
Morning lu the Hotiiitaiu.
Crnjii the mountain'), brow ltcxxl,
And gnzeU upon the tall, green wood
Tliat ercir adovrn the nigsetl nlde,
lk-arln; lis hcadi with lony pride
Far, far above the babbling stream.
That rushing, dancing la the beam
Of rising sun, -nrhich glories threw
Deep In the valley gemmed with dew;
The laughing watent oft were hid
Behind come rocky pyramid.
That, ntcrn and cold, half-blocked Ihe way
The gurgling waters chose to play.
I gazed with deep, lntene delight
Upon the awe-lnsplring sight.
lleneath the broken mountain chain
Kxtcnded lay the valley's plain.
And -westward, far aseye could reach,
Were mountains, rising each o'er each,
Seeming to circle 'round again
And Join th rugged, loftier reign
01 others, soft with morning light
And misty vapors of the night,
That rising 'round me, half-concealed
The beauty that the sun revealed;
While to tho north, so plainly seen,
White with her cold and frozen sheen
Of deep and never melting snows,
Mount Rainier stood in calm ix-jkw;
And eastward, toward the rising sun,
With grandeur that Is all his own,
Seornlng the warmth tl.eunbeamscast
l'l.n lib; snow, as In thu past,
With sunlight slanting o'er his side,
Mount Hood aroe In solemn pride.
I thought how centuries had flown,
And time was speeding swiftly on;
And yet it seemed an if no trace
Ot fleeting years wa on the face
Of nature, silent, wIM and grand.
The work of the Almighty hand
OfO'reat Omnipotence. With tolemu awe.
At nature's altar lowing low.
My soul was filled with holy thought,
And purltled, I left the spot.
August, 1S7I. Jsola Woimr.
A Magdalen's Death.
A TlIItll.I.IN'O SC15NK ON A FAIX HIVElt
"Fisk's is the Fall Ilivcr line, is it
"Yes: and tho way he tries to beat
everybody else and make his the only
line ( o Boston is astonishing. Why, I'll
tell you something about Fisk. One-
day just as we were starting from New
otk, a trim little girl stcppeti aboard
and took a state-room, saying she was
jroimr through to Boston. She .wasn't
dressed loud, but mighty neat and rich,
wearing a lurKlsu nat, velvet saeK
trimmed with lace, a drcs.4 with a lot of
scallops and trimming artTund it, and
about the most bewildering foot I ever
saw on a human. She was pretty, sassy,
and called me 'old father at supper, and
carried on in a way that soon showed
what she wis, though she deceived inc
ut lin-t with her baby face and girlish
".She was standing on deck about 7
o'clock, after havingliorrilied the ladies
and amused the gentlemen by her
rollicking manner, and became quiet for
a few minutes, while she looked far out
at sea. She turned round to the captain,
and putting up her small white hands
and taking him by the whiskers on each
side of his face, she looked up to him,
and says she, very solemnly, 'Did you
ever want to die. Captain?' 'Well,
says he, 'I don't think 1 ever did.' 'And
if vou did,' said she, 'what would you
do 7' 'Well, in that case,' said the Cap
tain, loosing her hands and turning
away, 'I think as I have plenty of op
portunity, I should jump Into the Sound
and drown myself.'
"The words were hardly out of Ids
mouth before she tunied round like a
Hash, and putting one hand on the rail
ing, leaped overboard. She was gone
before a person could stir to catch her,
and a terrible scream arose from the
jKissengers who saw it.
"I was standing aft when I heard the
shouts, and looked out and saw her come
to the surface. She had taken oil' her
hat, and her splendid brown hair, which
she wore looe down her back, floated in
a mass on the water. I fancied she
looked straight at me with her girlish
face as she came up, and there was
nothing wild or struggling about her,
but she seemed to smile in the same
jaunty way that she did when she was
plaguing me half an hour before. In
another moment she was swept rapidly
astern and disappeared. Wc put about
and lowered the boats, but we never
"It is strange how the women who
hail been so shocked at her conduct
before, now pitied and even wept for
the little girl when they found what a
load there must have been in the foolish
child's heart whileshe was laughing the
"She had left a small reticule in the
cabin, and when wc opened it we found
some verses, written in a little cramped
hand, on a folded sheet of note paper.
They ran about this way, and were
'"A JlAOllAI.ES'S BEATI!.'
"lean no longer enduro this KlIutIug,
This festering breath:
Kladly I fly to the refuge lhal'j lea me
Xot stHlly, tearfully,
lint gladly, cheerfully,
Go to my death.
"Priests may refuse to grant sauctltled burial
There unto inc.
Father, I thank Theet a blessing Isalways held
Over tho sea.
Aye, In Hk wildest foam.
Aye, lu Its thickest gloom,
lJk'ssctl Is the sou.
"Weleonio, oh! sea, with thy breakings and
That never shall cease;
Down In thy angriest, stormiest waters,
Oil, hide nic In pence!
Kay to the weary face,
' Come to thy resting place,
To Young Mux and Womkx. The
following rules are worthy of being
printed in every newspapcrand engraved
on the heat of every young man anil
woman in the land:
Make few promises.
Always spenk the truth.
Ever live within your means.
Never speak evil of any one.
Keep good company or none.
Live up to your engagement.
Be just before you are generous.
Never play at any game of chance.
Drink no kind of intoxicating liquors.
Keep your own secrets if you have
A good character Is above all things
Never borrow if vou can possibly help
Keep yourself innocent if you'd be
When you speak to a person, look him
io the lace.
Make no haste to be rich if you would
When you retire to bed think over
wnat you nave uoue uuruig me uay.
Your character cannot be essentially
Injured except by your own acts.
If any one speaks evil of you, let your
life be such that none will believe him.
Never be idle. When your hand can
not be usefully employed attend to the
cultivation of your mind.
The two-headed child, sometimes
called the one-bodied children, is that
is to say are dead. It lived in Boston,
and at the time of their birth it created
oultc an excitement. Their father and
! its mother feel the sad bereavement
1 keenlv. But a child like those could
not bo expected to buffet the storms of j
i the tumultuous world. i
How Mosquitoes Bite.
The mosquito has a proboscis like an
elephant, only not so large. It will,
however, look nearly as large under a
good microscope. Hecannot do as many
handy things with it as the elephant
can witli his, but he can cause a good
deal of annoyance In a small war. with
It. It is hardly the thing to srfy that
the mosquite bites us, for lie has no
teeth. Tho microscope reveals the fact
that he carries a-pair of scissors Inside
ids proboscis the neatest and sharpest
little cutting tools you ever saw. He
gets his living by these. They are two
delicate little blades, and are placed
alongside of each other. AVhen he is
ready to make a meal off us, he first
buzzes nrouud witli these beautiful
wings, and sings a pleasant little song.
If we let him quietly settle down, he
nicks out a place on our skin which is
just to his liking. He is very delicate
about it. When he gets ready, ho puts
his proboscis down and pushes the little
scissors out and makes a neat cut, so
that he can suck the blood out. Then
he drinks as much blood as he wants,
and is done his dinner. But he docs
not leave vet. He is going to pay his
bill. He has taken our blood, and he
win leave us something in exchange for
it. With all his faults lie is an honest
little fellow after his fashion. He lias
the pay in his iocket ready to squeeze
out Lvfore he goes. It is poison, but
that makes no difference to him. It is
the best he has to give. His poison
pocket is at the head of his proboscis,
and at the lower end of his proloscis he
lias ano'Ver littlo pocket, into which he
puts ioison enough for one dose. This
poison is very powerful. A very little
of it makes the place where the mos
quito puts it very sore. After lie has
sucked our blood he puts the drop of
poison into the place he took the blood
from. It is not the "bite" or the cut
that tho mosquito makes, that hurts us.
but it is the dropping of this powerful
poison into our llesh. If this mosquito
were large enough to give a powerful
dose of this poison it would be bad for
us. If he were as big as a kitten, and
his poison as strong in proportion, a
"bite" from him would kill us.
Signs and Tokkxs. The Gridiron.
To take down the gridiron from the nail
where it is hanging with the left hand
is a sign that there will be a broil in'
The mirror. If the mirror is broken
itIi a sign that a good-loking-lass will
be missed in the house.
A Funeral. To meet a funeral profes
sion is a sign of death.
Pocket-book. To lose a pvckot-book
containing greenbacks is unlucky.
Nails. If 'a womm.o her nails
every Monday it IsIucKy far her hus-
Boosters. If you lieiru rooster crow
when you aro iu bet., ;ul tho clock
strikes a few times at uk- same instant',
is a sign of lipvi iruiitg.
An Itching Ear. If you liave an itch
ing ear tickle yoir nose and you will
have an itching there, and ill luck will
A Cat. When a cat prepares to wash
its face it isa sign that one in the house
will shortly receive a licking.
Spirits. If a married man, while his
wife is in the room, takes up a bottle of
spirits with his right hand, it is a sign
that she will shortly be out of spirits,
and that he is going to liquor.
Stock Raising. If a onc-cyed bull-dog
Hies at a stock raiser's legs, it denotes
that a misfortune will Happen to lus
Bridal. If you get on horseback on
Monday morning before the sun is up
it is a sign that you will haveyourhand
iu a bridal.
Marriage. If you are in a house and
hear a baby cry it is a sign of a marriage
or if it isn't, it ought to be.
Bed Hair. If a red-haired man falls
in love with algirl who dislikes hair of
i i . .'II I : l . . , - 1 1 . r..
color lie w in vcrj nivcij uju uciuic
he gets married.
The above signs and portents may be
relied uimii. They have never been
known to fail.
It ii 1 Estate Dealer.
omCE-No. 64 Front Street,
-TKAT. ESTATE IX T1IIS CITV AND KAST
XXi l'ortlantl. In tho most desirable localities,
consisting of Lots, 1Iai.k Blocks and Blocks,
iiolsi unu niuura.
Also, Improved Farms nnd Valuable Us-
ccltivatkii lands, locaieu in an pans oi Hie
hitaie, ior saic.
Kkal Kstate and other lroperty purchased
for Correspondents In this City and through
out the States and Tkukitouies, Willi great
care, and on the most Advastaoeocs Tkhxs
Houses ash stohim Leased, Loans Nego
tiated ami claims of all UEScmrrioKs
I'uoMiTi.Y Collected, and a uexehal r ixax
cial and Agency Kusiness Transacted.
ARKNTSofthls Office In all the Cities and
Towns In the State will recclvodcserlptloiis of
1- aioi ritoi'EinYaiui lonraru tne same loine
above nuurexK. n:
Parrish, Atkinson & Woodward,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS
Corner Aliler uutl Front Street,
HAVK l'UOI'EKTY FOR SALE IX IJOKT
laiul and througliout-Oregoii generally.
We can offer
to rurcha-sers of Ileal Estate.
And everything that pertain to the Ileal Es
tutc IlualncvM attended to with promptness.
ICGAl PAPERS WRITTENAND AMHOWIEDGED.
J. L. ATKIXSOX, Xotary rubllc
r jr. p.inniMii.
I TYLER WOOMVABD.
Xo. 80 Front MU, American Exchange
COXTltACTOItS, Hotel Keeper. Farmers,
Carpenters and HaUdem, Families, and In
fact all who require help or any fclnd, will nnd
It to their advantage to call and leave their ad
Urest. J. It. WITIIERELL.
p. . I have also some Good Farms and Iitf
for sale. n2 J. M. AV.
NOW IS THE TIME TO SUBSCRIBE!
Unparalled Inducements to Clubs!
The New Northwest,
A JOUIt.VAI. FOR THE PKOP1E,
DEVOTED TO THE INTETESTS OF HUMANITY.
Our Intensely Interesting Serial Story, '
A I'lnlit Story or n Plain Woman,?
I now being published from week to weefrtnnd
I attracting universal nttention. A limited
supply of bnek numbers yet on hand.
Arrangements hav been made to seeure the
Services of a
COMPETENT CORPS OF WRITERS
upon any and all subjects or Public InterSlP
The Xew Xohthwtmt Is not a Woman's
night, but a Human Illghts organ, dcttt
to whatever policy may be neceHsary to eeiu&
the greatest good to :he greatest nnmtK-r. It
Knows noses.no politics, no religion, n.- party.
no color, no creed. It foundation Is fa
upon the rock of Eternal Liberty, Universal
Emancipation and ,Untrammeleil Progreassoo.
OUR PREMIUM LIST.
As an Inducement lor our friends to H'.ik
exertions to secure large clubs for the lit
XoimiWEifr, we offer the following list of val
uable premiums :
ror twenty subscribers, at S3 GO each, accom
panied by the cash, we will give the HO.MK
SHUTTLE KEWIXG MACIIIXE, without ta
bic, beautifully ornamented. Price, 9W.
For thirty-five subscribers, lit $ Go eaeh, ac
companied by the cash, we will give a HOME
SHUTTLE SEWIXO MACIIIXE, with Iltaek
Walnut table, bronzed and nicely finished
For forty subcriliers, at 33 ft) each, aeeom-panicdbythecash.we-wlIIglveaHOMBSIIUT-TLE
SEWIXG MACIIIXE, finished In extra
style, with IJIack 'Walnut table and cover.
The above Sewing Machine, whleh are war
ranted nrst-elaw in every particular, can be
seen t tho olttee of (Jeo. AW Traver, 112 Front
For fifty sulxcriber, at js () eachaccom-
punieu uy the ntslr.-w. live, a MASOX i
uamlln n-cr.ui.K foufjj
jingle reed, with Mac wa
oriiows swen. two blow pe mpral
er prere reed valws, eu ' SiC W
ff wventy-flT -a criber. y GOeMeh, ac
companied ' v -'ie cuAli.a donb reeti afASOK
A II AMU N OIUSAX; resembh-s the am ex
cept that It has also a knee stop. Price, $73. '
ror seventy-nvo subscribers, at SS 00 eaeh.
accompanied by the cash and twenty-five
dollars additional, we will give a MAbOX &
HAMLIX OIIG.VX, of five octavkh, one
stop, self-adjusting heed valves, im-
ntOVED 11BLLOWS, TREMULANT AND KNEE-
SWELL. Price, $100.
For one hundred subscribers, at S3 66 each.
nnd twenty dollars additional, we will give a
ilASOX & JIAMLIN- OIIG.VX, five octaves,
FIVE STOI-S, rWO SETS OF KI1IKATORS TIinOl'GH-
OUT, IMI'KOVED UIIADUATHD SElWaDJUSTINO
REED VALVES, IMfltOVED IlKLLOWS,THEMULANT
AND KNEE-SWELLS. VIOLA, DLVPASOX.
FLUTE, TltEMULAXT. Price, bi
Those who desire to work for these premiums
can sond the names and money as fast as re
ceived. The subscribers will be placed to theh
credit, and If enough names are notreceiv.-'
uunng the year to procure the premium
Mred they can choose a feserpremlum, or th
win uceiuiueuto receive twenty-five per cem
In cash of the amount remitted for their labor
OUR NEW PREMIUM LIST.
As The Xew Xorthwest has already proved
a popular success, we are decided thntltsbai:
aNo prove RTiilUMPit.
To enable our friends who mny decide to can
vass for our paper to benefit both themselves
and us by increasing our Subscription Lists, we
projwse tp give tho following additional Pre
miums to canvassers :
Any subscriber who Is In arrears for the Xew
XoBTHTVEST.who villi send us his or her own
subscription fee, and one new subscriber, ac
companied by the cash 6 00 we will five :
A pair rarian Marble Vases:
Or a Bohemian Glass Vase;
Or a llohemlnn Glass Card Receiver;
Or J4 dozen Ivory Xapkln Rings; -
Or H dozen Plated Ten Spoons;
Or I pair Alexandre's Kid Gloves;
Or a spangled Lady's Fan.featlteml edge;
Or a Bird Cage;
Or an Album for holding M0 pictures;
Or an Album (extra) for holding ft pictures;
Ora Fancy Letter Case;
Or a box Toilet Artleles, Including soap,
chalk, perfumery, etc.;
Ora Britannia Tea Pot;
Or J6 dozen Glass Goblets;
Or J4 dozen Glass Tumblers;
Or a large Glass Fruit Dish;
Ora Work Basket;
Or n Fine Embroidered IIandklUjf;
Or dozen Linen Handkerchiefs;
Or a Woolen Tablo Cover;
Or dozen Table Xapklns;
Or C dozen Towels;
Or an elegant Portmonlo.
Any subscriber who Is In arrears for a year's
subscription, and who will send lifcr or Iter own
subscription fee.and two new subseribers, ac
companied by the cash-making Jft 00 we will
A set of Rogers' Table Forks, triple plated, on
white metal, warranted;
Ora sctoritogers'TableSpoOHs, triple plated,
on white metal, warranted;
Ornsetor Rogers' Tea Spoons, triple plated,
on white metnl, warranted;
Or H dozen Rogers' Jfc Russell's Table Knives,
best quality, warranted;
Or handsome Bird Cage.
Any person in arrears for subscription to The
Xew Xoktiiwest, who will send his or her
subscription feo and three new sutxerilxtrs, ac
companied by the cash, making 9ti in, we will
A handsome Marsallles Qnllt; .
Ora handsome Woolen Quilt, red and white,
or blue nnd whUe;
Or a palrofTable Cloths;
Or two pairs of Xottingliam Lure Curtains;
Or three pairs Alexandre's Kid Gtove, any
color or size: v
Or a Japanese Inlaid Work Box;
Or IS yards test yd. wide Sheeting.
For seven subscribers at $X 00 each, amount
ing to S21 00, wo will send :
An oxtra Custor, tripleplnted.on whlta meta!,
valued at $9 00;
Ora Lady's Writing Desk, of ciurI value;
Or an Extra Japanese Inlaid Work Box.
Those articles are ail valuable, and are war
ranted to be Just as we represent them. Per
sons living In this city or who can visit us can
receive these art icles from ourown hands at an
hour's notice; or ir not convenient to visit u,
we will send the articles by express to any ad
dress. Xo order of this kind will receive attention
unless the cash accompanies It.
Send money In rostoftico orders at the cus
tomary rates or currency, or send draft If pre
ferred. All orders promptly attended to.
We sincerely hope that this unparalleled
offer, which Is a new feature In the newspaper
business In Oregon, will meet with a hearty re
sponse from the many rriends of our paper,
who up to this time have seemed to Tall to real
ize that THE XEW XoirrnWEsT cannot be run
without money. Xow is the time to makeup
clubs. Begin before some other person gets
the start or you. See whatyoucan do for your
sell.the Public and The Xew Xoiitiiwest.