Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855, July 22, 1851, Image 2

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'feMMtrUNH WA XMetd tO gad It. TtM
i Mr think lie praeweawiity beyond
Min wilting to do a Urn
& twirard waaeringlt navlgabl lor
,re teat. Taw river wa explored, a
khmi tfaee iioee. by a mH ntrtT from be.
Ww, ajJ momiM th rlw m far M one
4if Meroj Hal4egh. Tba people
I5VV' f . ,4 . . -, ,- I. ..LJ-
.. , 7---T" "!" " -- -
? , mmmf ,'! ' HHiooraug, nw man.
V ' ill 1 1 i J A.Lt b.lt. 11
i P , vara) bocaaion. ..... -'
i, n.wwtw iito pciji w . --
" aL Ti ill an una fully nav1j1
i$,JaT.T. u. iiurapnriea ys, we were
J yNWt UK M "I" ooilgaie nimseu io cirmr
M MM of the dream ti pistes it rougn
ipiiisdas, t bis own expense; ted there
L avaa three or lour hay drift on hi.
- Kir, If otter equally 'l 11a latere!.
. V .M . .1 I .L
ilWt Will ! poo inuwi reJ".
iMMiy of deiog M much, It will not take
-- - - '- --.- Them are nl.
T Vdi I L. 1..J !.. it.lmJt ikla
,y ;' inn " " '" ""
WMiM Imt to be don by ititxcriptlcm.
It leeoWwIy bliTcd that the neceua.
IT MM could won b ried among in
lltu way 03, who would ute it
M buMl of communlcatlnn, wro It
H VMMOTtd a to male It arallable. The
T1 I ofn bow. for tome penoo to take
iU ilk. PMJtr In hand, and the people are
that the lime I now at hand
The quedion then !, who
Kt'tae wMrpritiac man to et th ball
ltWMk1 and MIow It op-collect tba
" ftet to th praUbl jtpmw, th be
minnr i Mttlaaj about it, and dttenrdn
hew fcr MTlgatioa can b catoulatad opoo.
The fcrnwr In tbl ectloa of th couo.
try eao gt tbelr wheat to mark by team,
lag at a coat of about SO cot4 Wbeo
wheat la worth only 91 25 and 9100,11
cotta almort a much to haul It to market
M it I worth after It gel there, deduct.
lag tneooMoi irineponiuoa. iwpre
nt condlibn of the road la auch that
hinting can be done only during the dry
weather In lummor, nnd light lotds only
can b taken at brtt. No, time ibould be
lot! now. It tbauM be prosecuted with
vigor, and no palm ihould be upared until
th work U commenced. Once commenced
thjp U lilt doobt but that It would be
earrUd through. The people her are all
wUlieg to do aomethlog, and they hop
that the penon below will take hold and
aniit to it.
Tbr i aome dltatlifctIon cxtitlng
hr concerning the Flanhr Road charter
granted by the Int Legitlature. Many
of them algnad the agreement to abide the
requirement of thvehartek They were
wllltaf, In caie the projet would fail, to
loot lb amount they jocribed ; but the
warding of-tfa&vnartel tucti that it
nake th property of iha'autiecrtber lia.
14 for ether lot, ibould there be any,
la afopartlon to th amount iubcrlbed.
They think It enough to lot the original
auMOriptloa without becoming liable for
more. In caatof mUmamgement orfdl
fire, they an1 of opiniou that tbey would
b la for mora tbo they bargained for."
Haao the auie of complaint. They did
aot neerataad lb full meaning of the
ohartir when they ilgned. Thoy now
ihiak bmelre' fooled and with them.
litre out of the enterprise.
,.. Harvettiug in thU neighborhood ii go-
lag oo brlikly. The cutting of wheat
Jaat begun a few day ago. Th wheat
L tMM M oomtoered Tory goou u inia pan
aflbo country. The eioeedlng warm
', y&atr for the past week hai haatentd on
B 'laajlaior hanreetlag Ttry rapidly. The
.foirMr. la tba abaenc of help, have
; ' of the work to do thtmielre
'.yliadenrtaod th 0orrnment
laBupnntenant ot tool
M'AIWfa W t pa and treat with the real
W;Iaaa trIU waM of tb Catoad
aBMtaaaa. re prof ra ior mo ouuuing
w4m1 tkm, and that rrta.
f the new arrange.
in of Iheoirit for'tke
,'ibjafyowr paWiaa.
Oa th tTth MC, MaJaivKeariioy cad
optratioa agaiaat th Rags Hirer Indi
an, bat lag paat ema twelve day in
aoourwg th Indian country. Many bat.
tie or klrmlo wr fought and ome
fifty tndian went killed and many wound.
ed, thirty prlaoaer taken, lhlr village
burned, aad provirion (eonaiitlng of aalrn.
on, reata.barriee, andgraai eddeitroy
d. They wr no loagr to b found In
fore broken up, they had fled for aafety
la email panic to th mountain!, Inac
centbt for a mounted force, men and
bone, regular and volunteer! worn out
by almost conttaat bard rvlc during
lb whole tim. The major concluded to
ret hi command a day or two, and then
In obedience to hi ordr proceed on hla
way to California. Oa the Stli the vol.
unteer diabanded and moat of ihem darted
for the digpingi ; but few were bound to
Oregon, consequently net In luHlcfent
force to talely conduct th prisoner to the
auUmnt. Major Kearney was deter,
reined aet io me thra 'until peace
could be mad with their people. Cooclu.
Jieg to take tbem to California and tend
them up by tea to the Superinttdent of In
dlan Aolr, he p'ocorded with tbem to
near the Cheat Bute, where he waaover.
take by an cipret with a propoaltion
from Gen. Lan (who bad gone toChaita
digglngsafter lollveopeantion had ceaa-
d), to take the prlarmera back to Oregon.
The Major promptly complied and sent
them back to the dipping by Capt. Walk.
r, who traveled all night to get ihem to
the digging, where he delivered them to
Gen. Lane, who had formed a pvrty of
tomo fifteen Oregouiar'a, who promptly
offered to awlrt in conducting the prison.
enatfely totha Mltlementi, or until they
could meet the Governor ho hid been
reported to be on hia we.y to the tcene of
hostiliilr. The pny arrived at the
croaaing of Rogue River on the 7th imt.,
where tbey found Gov. Gamut with aome
fifteen or twenty men, and to him they de.
lirered the priaoe. "On their way In
Geo. Lane bad a talk with same fifty or
titty of the Indians ; they manifested a
owyBn 1
for peace. Toe Gov. sent out hla
reter on the 8ll inat., to Invito the
to com in for the purpose of talk.
ihg with them (bout the UitUcyJliej, and if
possible make peac.
On the same day General Lane' party
lft for th settlement. The Gov. end
hi party were all wll aad In good spirit.
These Indian have for th- Aral tim
been severely handled and well punlhd
Hbr their villainous conduct; they had
collected a atrong force for the purpose of
killing and robbing our people while on
their way to and from the mines, had com
mitted many robberies, besides killing
Dille and one other man.
Majsr Kearney and command, regulars
and volunteers, deserve the highest praise
(or their good conduct during the whole
How exceedingly unfortunate It I for
Oregon that the remnant of the Rifle Reg!
men! should b ordered from the Territo
ry at thl tim. Our intereste are great,
ly paralyzed, th entire Territory left un
protected at the time when every one
must ae the absolute neceesll) of a garri-
son in th Rogue River valley.
&" The ' Legal Opinion on a part of
the Oregon Land Rill, by a Ute judge (f )
etc, etc., corresponding secreisry etc.,
6ic," which w spoke of laal week, goea
off wtll ; w have disposed of one and a
half during the week. The youug man
who took the half one haa but half claim,
and consequently did not need a whole
" legal opinion.' Ha sya one of these
"legal opinions" 1 invaluable la holding
a claim that in his absenee he haa no
fear of having hi claim jumped, because
they are so much like the " tale judge etc.,
dto.," they will " shoot" If any person at
tempts to jump it. We would liko to ea
tabllah ar. agency for the aale ol " leg)
opinion" In Polk county. Who wtnt th
agency T Don't all apeak at once.
04T The steamer Sea. Gull airlved at
Portland yraterday. Left San Pranclsco
the earn day th Columbia left, and con
equently bring no later dates. The
Sea. Gull stopped fourdayaal Port Orford,
and left party nf OS men with 4 cannon
and plenty orma!l arms and ammunl
lion I 34 of the party startod immediately
for the Rogue River and Chisle mine.
Th Sea-Gull will leave Portland for San
Pranoiaoo to-morrow, touching at Port Or
ford. Trinidad, and Humboldt. Todd it
Co., will dispatch an ex&tcu per the Sea
Gull, and also with the Columbia en next
Thursday, th 34th.
-OSr W are happy to learn that Jacob
Parson we not killed by the Indians, a
wa lUted by u awn wk ago. Thl
hvi will b. gratifying tVhi' maay
(W There U oonsldorabl loured k
Ing foil Just niMa regard to tba coming
migration. Thirpeopl throughout th
Terltory are anxiou to learn a much aa
possible In relation to th number, char
aeler, and prospects of I bos oo the road to
this region aad being aware of this, w
have culled from the late paper all w
could find having any allusion t th uK
jeet; but from th paucity of auch Intelll.
genee, wa are Inclined to believe that th
coming emigration will not be ao numerous
a many person ailclpaio.. Perhaptthou.
aanda will come, hundreds certainly, but
when scattered over thU wide regioo, will
not, probably, be very sensibly felt In any
distinct portion of it, and moat of them not
being very wealthy, will not probably at
first enter Into any heavy budnes (pecu
lation. Yet we think the coming emigra
tion will glva a now Impetus to business
In Oregon. Most of tbem will probably
enter upon the pubtlo land, and immediate
ly begin to bring the resource a of the
oooalry y th bm aocaaat. -The fetaw
stock will be greatly Improved and multi
plied, and a permanent market established,
and supplied at dable and reasonable pri
ces. Heretofore there baa been a strange
apathy in agricultural pursuits, though its
reward have been unprecedented. Aa
good land as was ever furrowed by Ihe
plough li untouched, ihe meant of making
money easier, being found In other chan.
nela. Many farmers have wheat new In
their gralneriea which was produced three
or four) ears ago, and rome will harvest
but little or none the present searan. It
seems drange that things should be so
long In settling to their Inevitable level,
thst ike most productive soil on earth can.
not be made to supply the best market thai
everexisled. Oregon ought to supply the
entire market of California, with both pro
duce and lun'.l-ir. Rut she does not.
White wo raise the best wlwat here any.
whi-re to be found, Chili flour finds the
readiest sale In California, Our flour is
tot as well manufactured there can be
jo other reason why we are surpassed in
tho markrt by a aeini-cmlizcd Stale.
Lumber is brought ISOOO miles to supply
a market but three days sail from the best
lumber country in the world.
There must be a change there m7be
a change, and inougn ino goia mines
should continue equally rich, tbey cannot
prevent it. Thing mud taVo their rela.
live poaiilona, a they are now doing in
California. .
(Kr Before we came to Oregon, we had
often been told that there wa never any
hct weather here, never any rain in sum.
mer, west of the South Pass ; the climate
Ira cold for the production of Indian corn,
tic, and the upland soil too dry for cultl
ration without Irrigation. No hoi weather
in Oregon! Itcamo very near being hot
the latter part of last week. On Friday
afternoon at A o'clock, the thermometer
etoxl 00 degt. in the shad. Such weather
i not usual here, but it how what it may
beoorn by a little, encouragement. In
regard to rain, wa have had etveral re
freshing shower since th close of the
rainy season, and we never bad a mere
thorough soaking than we were favored
with last summer just west of the South
Pasi. Some six weeka ago there were
aome cabbage plant transplanted In a bad
of aand near this office. We expected to
ae them wither and die, but Instead tbey
flourished finely, and now their broad
leave overshadow nearly tho whole patch.
We wero lately informed by a gentelman
from that region, that he never saw mora
promising Indian corn than I growing
thl season In the Umpnua valley. "W
presume that portion of the oountry la well
adapted to the cultivation of the grape,
peieh, aprioot, melon, and many other
kind of fruit which persons abroad think
lbllmat of Oregon too cool to produce.
We notice in a lto piper fromlheStatei,
that aome person had aet Oregon down a
bearing a great deal of fruit. If heal.
luded to the common orchard fruit, we
don't knew where It I; but If he meant
wild fruit, he wai right. There are sever.
al nurseries In Oregon, and a number of
farmer have set out orchirda, but lliey
are generally to young that they yield but
little fruit. Wild fruit (mostly berries) is
abundant, and answer tolerably well aa
a substitute for the cultivated fruit, f
"Chit-Ct"i Dy Tuxonnii J. Be.
XKiisoK A very good Hill proa article
Infused with the true spirit of poetry, to
thl number of our paper. There i a
vein of deep homo feeling in Mr, li.'a
piece, whloh I ur to win the lympa
th! of the reader.
"May Ik far,
Tkd wiada anwag lb UUa s tweedy,"
ever hiring hope and buoyany to hi iplrila,
aad plaulng association "keep bjimajn.
oy gra ;
Mr MlebifM haa abolUked all law for
It li wall known that both th edtiar
and publisher of th Spectator kr polltl.
eally opposed to Gen. Lane, and that In
addition th latter Is a Utter personal o
ray of hla."
Th abov I a paragraph of the nu.
sjoaaof that potltloal juggler that edlta the
Itateeman. The misunderstanding be
tweea Gen. Lane and the publisher wa
of a private nature, which ha long lino
pa seed away without making him " a bit.
trr personal enemy" by any nwsns, and
he doubt much If th General'lhanVs this
stripling for dragging it (a prlvat mailer)
before lh public at thl lt dty. In re
gard to ditemeots In the paper, they wer
written by nthcr, not by ua or him ( the
sim privilege will be awarded to Ihe
General if ha dealr It. a to alt othrl
Hut aa to making attack on him since the
paper come into the poseeaaion of the prra.
enl proprietor. It I a palpable falsehood,
and he defysthlaChicopro juyglerto point
out In our editorial colamna one single
entrnce reflecting on Gen. Lane ; nor la
il our manner of doing with any of the
Pederal officers appointed In the Territory
or In the Slates ; we make no attacks mi
ihem and hope we wl!i never have cause
to do ao, but would rather strengthen their
Influence, If It was turcenary, throughout
th Territory. Wa announce their ap.
polntmrnta and arrivals In the Territory
on the eirl!tt advice, sperlng all unnec
essary comment, or fulsome adulations.
Gen. Lane is ourilelegale in Congress;
aa auch wo shall use all honorable means
to extend hla influence) fer the good of Or.
goo. If we did not forwanl his election,
we are satisfied that we did not retard il.
Can tho Chicopve vi getablo ray as much f
Will ho Inform ua and the people why he
waa ao alow in doing honor to the object uf
hia present admiration ) DiJ he havo to
wall to get leave of his owners ?
CpiNfla in Kiiiiioii. The change
which ia takii'g pisce in the Slates in la.
dies' dreas, is producing quite a sensation
in various sections of the country. We
allude lo Ihe new style of short dresses
and trowsera. It is decidedly popular
with th press, and we should not U- sur
prised, from tho cordial reception it haa
generally received on the other side the
mountains, If aome of Ihe editor adopt it
Ibemsulves. Howover, ihia fashion lias
uggeded a change It mate apparel.
A new dylo of coat Is talk ed of one mado
for comfort on that can jo worn with
out confining ihearmal- a alrail-jackel ;
land a hat that wjll stiy oo without being
compelled to press lire head Into II like ihe
cork iu a bottle. Tnee sections of stove.
pipe are neither graceful nor agreeable,
to'Mako my list."
QZr The deep, full tone which pealed
last Sabbath form the new bell In the
Methodist church, which, till now,
These rocks and thsse vats nsvrr hesiJ,"
had much of muslo In thern and a sweet
pathos that would call many lo the house
of God, who olherwlae might remain al
home. There ii real muiiu in Iho lone
of lh "church-going bell.' Il I music
which our forefather loved, and width
christian havo loved for centuries. It
1 almost a Sermon Itself startling ua by
in hravy mono'.nne, or soothing by in re
ceding vibrations. It mike
" On years cess nahlaf backward Ills a flood,"
and awakens gentle, far-off whisperings,
that few ihings elm could awaken.
Kr Gen. Lane arrlvrdyin this cily on
Thursday evening list, direct from tho
Rogue River country. Ho leave here
to-morrow on th mail steamer for the
Slates. We wish the bravo otd soldier a
safe journey.
When the General arrive in Washing
ton and lays the iruo state of affair be.
fore the Government, we feol assured that
justice will bo done to ihe people of Ore
(tV A latter from Gov. Gaines, lately
received hire by thi, Superintendent of
Indian A (Talis, ipeaks more encouragingly
of the state of thing on Rogu River.
Il eeemi ho attribute much of the blama
In the difficnliieatolhe while.
Timnks To Todd di Co'a Express for
lata papers formCallfomla'and ihe State
In advanco of the mail. We understand
this enlernrlslna eomnanv hsvs .Defected
their line to all pari of the ViIIvmim
valley, Umpqua valley, and to lh Klam.
lh mines.
(Kr In looking ovr thl city, It I very
asy to distinguish th otd era and Ihe
new, or what wa accomplished bafor th
dleoovery of lb gold mines, and what af
ter it. Jaoet of th butdlng araoted b.
for that period, ar small, and but fow
having bein palatid, look old and brown,
while those of a lata date are modly large
and lgBlly finished. v
OCT The rall for C-cUferaki and the
faWaawin etet-mrrew at 13 o'oloek.
rr lbs Hptatalsr.
UMi-qtMi July 8, 1MI,
Ma. JSniTsat
Having recently returned from Rogue
river, lata th leld of Maj. Keamy'a mil
itary operation!, I may perhapi he able to
give seme Information Intending to your
s, ae'ffltnv
TbMfataaaaaaaUr witness to moat of th
sJilrrMaHraen the while and Indl
an, aa'trWrTnar been the themea for
bier pens, it I not my purpose to detail
,, but to attempt a description f ,h,l
,u. route, by whloh M.J. Ke.ruy i.
d od icoured tho Rog. river coui...
vested and icoured tho Rog
try. Ascertaining at Mr. Knott' house,
(al th moutirbf tho Canyon) that th
Rogue rher Indiana were In actual
hostilities with tho while, and that they
had ombodied in Ihe neigliuorliooJ of lh
Table Rock, Vaj. Kearny determined to
attaek them at that point.
Table Rock la a notfU land ma k in the
Rogue river valley, on ilia north aide of
the river, which washes Its base, about
Ave vnllce north of the Springs, and twenty
miles above ihe crossing ) Il la by nature
a strong military position, and Irani il ma.
rending parties could by a few hours'
msiwii, insko their descents upon the un
wary from the crossing uf th river In tho
Siskin Mountains. UtiiiK tho Rock as a
welch toner, the Indians in per fret secu
rity themselves, have a large extent of
ihe t alleV. and a loin line of the mad un-
ller their cje--wlilch enables them to
itilerniin the slreulh of nsi-h pas.lng
varty and Ihe plate uf their rncsinpment.
To penetrate iho Itrgue rive alley by a
route entirely new, which woul I enablu
him to attack and perhaps surprise the
enemy in lite rear uf this stronghold, was
Ihe grand plan ol Maj, Keiriiv s cam
palgn, and the defeat and dispersion oflhn
Indians followed as tnnwquctire of its
successful execul'e'
This movement it a favorable tlmo
would have been easily etf ctrd, but ow
into rainy weather and high water "Ued .n Act, tho lllh February 11.
Iho commencemf nl of iho march, it .a. , ,p, ,..,, ,,, of 9mmt ,0
not to bo Achieved without latmund per
severance. f.
following the courso of the Hiuli
Umpqua, Major Kearny, by making fer
ries at soma crossings ami opening roads
over mountains lo avoid oilier, was three
laborious daa In retching point on thai
river on! (bout SO miles east of lh can.,
yon, which aa the road is pood when the
river i fordable, may be traveled with
pack animate in fiveerdi hour.
faavt th let riStlnt I last I In nfnia aiiili nrsiaaaa
the South Unipqu (which here comet
from a northeasterly direction) and lakes
up a large creek which heads southerly,
following Ihe con no of ibis stream some,
limes through fir timber, hut most gener
ally I liro' prairie in lhe bottom, or over
glassy oak lulls along the winterly face
of llie mountain. In aboul 15 miles the
creek forks and tho routo uill keeping a
south course takes up Ihe rldgv between
them, which it follows tu the summit ol
Ihe mountain dividing tho valley of llogue
river and Uniqua, and ilesrenda to the
Utter valley bttwien ihi branchei of
tributary of ami about li miles from the
main Rogue river.
The route chosen by Maj, K'urny waa
n nld Indian trail which etldently from
tim Immemorial served a 1 1 linn of
eoinmiinicatlon between lbs valleva: like
all Indian roads, it seeks Ihe cm-h rather
than Ihe direct way lielween Ihu points,
besides many steep and rocky places,
which might bo aksily atolilcd ; It passe
over the highed peak uf the iiwuntain di
viding the valleys, while It la evident that
on both aide there are chasm (perhaps
canyons) where a road might be opened
many hundreds of feet lower than ihe
Lieut. Williamson, of Iho Corps of Un.
gineers, estimates Ihe length of tho march
aa follows i
Prom Knoll' (mouth ol canyon) to the
ItavlngofSoulh I inpqua,
30 milt (course oast)
To Rogue river, 30 " " south
To ford on Rogue
river (a good one) 10 " " "
Ihe old road) 30 " "
Which estimate differera but Utile from
the estimated length of the present travel
ed route, but a Mr. Williamson found by
actual measurement our estimated miles
much loo long, It Is quit likely he would
And Iho old road longer than it is esl.
mated, beside which lh opening of Mil.
Kesrny' rout will thorien It everu
mile, whloh li now taken up In going
around leg and othtr temporary obdruo.
I have therefor no Imitation In aaylng,
that by taking a rout mora enierly lhan
tho present on through th Umpqua vat
ly, m at to trke tba bead water of
Myrtle Creek, aad from theaae to oroat
over lo lh Routb Urapaaa at aar tha
paint whtr Maj. Ktiwy' rwatoUavaa
II, personi with IwrKi bound to Hlnite oi
other pills of California from Willamette,
will save a day's travel nnd have as good
a road a tho present one, and further,
thai half Ihe amount of labor bestowed up.
on the present rosd, will mskt of Maj.
Kearny's route, a shorter and In all re.
spects a better wagon road.
I must to far nolle tho military remit
of Maj, Kurny' Un at lo say thai asldo
from the death of ills gillanl (,'apt. Kluarl,
' C""',J" ,l,c "'? """ ' "
" " v"-v "'. """ ' "c
i,,,, """"" ? &" 'Mt"",id'
liaetio doubt th Mjt sjlth unimpaired
forors would have surprised llielr main
body, In whloh event their power lotto
mischief would have been destroyed, and
his judlcleui plan completely successful.
A (ini).
DirAiTMiNT or tub I.itxrioi. i
Ofitt Irnlian .fatrt, May !iO, 1H0I.
Sir Your teller of the llthof Noreoi.
ber, retiuesllua intlruttions aslo whether
for not you shall Investigate claims of Cltl.
lens of Oregon, for properly destroyed by
lh Indians during tho Cajuie war of
IHl7.4a, has tieen receitnl
Tho Cayusetribnis not in ihe receipt of
annuities from the Government, oul of
whli h they e-iild be made to pa) for claims
sgalnsnl ihem nor are there any funds In
Ihe Treasury al prernl applicable for the
purpose. The claims even if admitted,
therefore, could not be pid )el l would
be as well perhaps, In view of noma provlt.
ion being made heraafler by an approprl.
atinn by Congress, or Irealy stlpulillon,
examine them as ally as practicable, and
then olivlaln l)ie iHflioully of proourina sat.
I IsfacMry sn I t'oncliitlve tesiiuvui) , whfoTiS.
unlit always grow nut of delay or lapieof
lime, lunar therefore, dirrclrd lo In-ti-stigale
the claims and report thereon In
accordance wlih Ihe rrqulrtinei.ta of ihe
Inlercourso Act of aOlli June IN-14.
I uill Tarlher rainarL tli.i r'.,nr...
seltln Slid meet the expenses of the people
nt Oregon in defending ihejiiistlves agalntl
the brulalillea of the Cayus Indians in
IM7-4U, bul it is presumed the ruses yon
refer lo sis not included in its provisions.
I enolos a cdppy of lh Act.
Rcsirclfully yourold'l serv't,
L. I.KA, Commissioner.
Anson Da it Km, Oregon City, Oregon.
, An Aol to seitls and adjust llie expanses
f th people of Oregon In defending ihem
delves from th attack and Uit-arl'les of
Cayute Indiana, in th yeas elittitreii
liundrtid and forty seven aid eighteen
hundred and forty light. Y
Re it enacted by Iho Senate and Houso
of Representatives of the United States cf
America in Congress ainblid, Tliatlhu
Sic-rciaiy of the Treasury be, and he' Is
hereby, authorized , id directed Irtantlle
Ihe actual and necessary eipeiites In lured
by llie provisional guverumenl of egon
in defciiJing theieoplenf raid 'i lory
from ihe attacks an I fiosllliliesnflhn Cay.
use Indians, in the year eighteen hundred
and forty seven and iiighlern hundred and
forty eijhl, upon Ihrpresrutalion by tho
Guvrrunr of said Terltory to ihe said Seo
reisry of Iho Treasury of a full accurate
a detailed staleinenl nf the aotual and
sary expenses of said defi nee and
hostilities, accompanied by proper vouch.
rs and wlsfactory proof of I lie oorrtcl
ncs ilioreof, authenticated in conformity
with the usages nf Iho Department and
(ll all the sum nf oue hundred thousand
clullaiN ho iinl li hereby, apprnplatrd lo
carry the provisions of this act into effect.
Approved, I'obusry 14, f,l5l.
Fiom tiik Puini. The Si. Louis Re .
publican of ihe 14th Inst, announces tha
arrival In that city, direct from Port Lar
amie, of Capt. 8. Van Vlict, of ihe Quar.
ur-masler'sDnpartmont. He wasaocom.
panled by Ills wife, a daughter of Ihe la
mented Maj. Urown.
Cantaln Van V let loft fori Laramlaon
theanth of April, and made lh trip acres
lh? Plain to Port Leavenwo;ih In Mven.
teen days and a half. Oa lh rout Ibey
enoouniored two tevere mow dorm.
which orratly Impeded'lhelr progress. At
the O'Kallcn Illuffa I hey met a War nartv
nf Ihe Chafrenne, who wer going out lo
attack me rawne, i no captain mad
tham ome preaenli of tobacco, and waa
treated kindly by ihem.
Tho first I rain of emlaranti was met by
the ciptain'i company lh 3d of May,
near Iho crossing of the Little flluej nd
from ibst point, until he arrived al tba
frontier, ho met them almost Ivery day.
Tho main body nf th bmigrttlon wis for
Sslt Ltko. II found, In all ho passed,
but two companies for California. They
wer gelling along very well. Tho
east eaon at Fort Laramie has basn
iJasors than usually dry, but lltileraln har.'
nfiig fUllen during the winter or spring,
Tha report nnho Indians and Ihe Iradera
at tha Fort wis lhat the snow In Ihomoua.''
lilni wii very heavy. Al one period b.
fore he led lh Fort thl re hid bn aofl
slderahl rise In th river, but owing lo
tha moceedlng cold weathir (I auddaaly
iublded. On lb Ptaa h grata waa
abort, but oibil wis abundaql. Th prla.
clpal emigration acroe tha Plata (kk
year will ba tha Mormon train for latt
Lake, aad a fow irataa fikrCktiaaeaU aasl
Im.M. 1 ' X?LJ