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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View This Issue
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OREOOW CITY I
, T11UR8UAY, MAY g8,"l63l.
D. J, SCHKKHLY, RPITna.
IMMWWWiliMiwi w ni WW Ami hanw
GENERAL JOSEPH LANE
rf l t.'OHIcuts.
,(( ''Tbh Fountain in tub Woop," It
MM title or an article on tlio loutlli pego
IB Js, well expressed, and there are many of
r wren ana loved ones luit noir at the
Pftfiod that will tnallo them to appreciate
K 111 MMmIkm anJ fl.l I.. ....
Gin. Scott. Dy reforenco to the first
ty taUMnfla.itav'a nanor. Il will lm iwn that
there hu been meeting between General
80011 and Got'. Marcy. At IliU meeting a
reooncil Ration of formerldlrterencea took
place, and compliments passed on both
aide. Wo may expect tlio hatty plate
of'soup" difficulty all settled, and never
again to bo reiterated. So moto It be.
TutrcRANca. Tim nrtkto on our out
aide headed "Toiiipcrnncc,'' 1i aptly il
lustrated, and wo nro told will reportcil.
lifts. Swissurwt. An nrtlclo on tlio
first pago from tlto VitttbwgS Saturday
Viiitor, by Mra. Cwisilieliii, la truly tliu
voiot) of a right thinking woman. Would
that our land was filled with such womtn.
Wo admiro her ftarlcssntu and candor.
Human Lirs A Iruo plcturo of man's
progress through life hia first oml lutt
minute will alto lc found on tho Ant
pa;;! Wo direct special attention to tlio
several pieces nlluit.-l to -i-no.
QZr Tlio Ulack Hawk, n suam lug.
boat, arrffed at our Ian ling on Sunday
lait. 8ho is owned by Mr. C'harlra
Clark, and ia designed, wo buliui', to run
daify between this city ami Portland.
Ono year ago theru wai no audi thing aa
ateamboat of any kind plying on the
Willamette, and Columbia rivers. It la
now becoming almost an ovory day occur,
renco to aco stcamloats arriving at our
Landing. Wo are looking up, and our pec
pie ate grow.ug big with their future lm.
portancc. Tho navigation of the Tualltln
from ihlrty.odd miles nbovo to within four
r five miles of tbia cily, by steamboau,
1 among thtf thing! talked erf and whlohn
ere another year elapses, may bo carried
iuto oflcot. A amill ateamboat, capable
of freighting from 30 to CO tona, would
pay well. Rut this would mako a plank
road or rail road Indiipensablo to connect
this or Lion City with tho lower termlnua.
The people of Chehafcm and HflUboro,
need not bo surprised to sec, in leas than
a year, a steamboat on tho Tualltln rUer.
We aro told that tho Tualitln la without
obstruction! for at least 'JO mites.
Tho opinion of Hon. O. C. I'ratt. ro
spotting tho laws of naturalization will bo
found In to-day's paper. It is a subject
that has been much controverted, but yet
littla understood, and much doubt exists as
to tho true purport of tho law. Judge I .
lias glvon his opinion at length, which he
tiss prepared villi care. Wo ask for it
an attcntlvr pcruaal.
Kr Tlio Into Intelligence from tho
mines la less cncouroglng than that pro
lously rccelt id. (Several of our tlllzcns
havo returned, satitficd that roapoctablo
wages can bo realized only by tho closest
attci.'ion and severest labor. They aro
of opli.lon that they can mako nearly as
inuch a' homo, with leu exposure and risk
and without working so hard. Wo shall
content ouraelf vllli doing well.
OSr Wo learn from tho Sacramento
Trantcrlpt, that thoy havo Odd Fellows
Jn California. Wo havo odd fellows in
Oregon too, buf thoy are old bachelors
our neighbor of tho Hatetman is 0110 "on
trw II, -U II. Wilton. liiorn. I.na
been uomlnatod by tlio cltlxens of Marlon
county, and is now a candidato for tho
honors of Delogato to the next Congrats.
For Dm HjxctaU.
Ma. Editor :
I havo been troubled for months past to
ascertain wltlr onv degree of certainty,
tho tlmo tho mall lor tho Slates would bo
closed each month. The malls hereto.
fere leaving but onco a month, It was very
natural fur any oho winding to send let
tsr, fti dctiro tho longest lime, und thus
giro Us friends Information from him to
m lata a data as possible 1 Yot In order
to find out tho time the inal would leave,
,4t-A man, for himself, mutt so or send to
r'lW ollco to learn. Could nt our little
Feat Master juat drop a noto to ono of the
aAu4 las Iaisim aa IjataV j-f Moras tnaaas fa 4 It. a
gantm isssvwk, hbii.'k hib m; im auuiuu
sead the malls off! and thus very much
oblige tho nubile.
, ' A. CITJZF.N.
. ft Hkln lull!. F !. fif..nna
II ' Ooart, ad4rcblg thd bench, observed tbs
0' s'Ufc' Couf lMrtxl from tho Inferior courts
Tho tot Wltltcitmb.
The recent arrivals of this olctmboat at
oilr wharf has demonstrated tho fait that
theiClaoUtuas rapids oM borwYafalod
auoeeeafully. Il has, hitherto, been look
ed upon aa a matter of impossibility for
boats toaaoend or desovnd tho rapids with
safely, excepting at such times aa the
back water from the Columbia should re
move tho obstructing but tho appearance
orthlt steamer has romoved all doub't as
to Its practicality, and has gonb so far to.
ward establishing the Inutility or ground,
lessness of doubt upon tho subject, that we
believe tho river can bo navigated lo this
city nt least nlno months In the year. Wo
believe too, that the Lot Whllcomb, under
tlio superintendence of her present 00m.
mander, J. C. Ainswoxth, is the boat to
fill the bill 1 somo few alterations may
Ih necessary to better qualify her fbr the
full requirements of Ilia trade.
If boats can now ascend tho rapids with,
out difficulty, far thoy oro much worso at
the head alnoo the grtat riae in the Clack,
smas rivy, than thoy will be at any other
tlmo save el extreme low Water and
suoh will continue to bo the caso so long
as tho obstruction Is sutfvrod lo embarrass
and retard Iho great and growing Interests
of a .large district of tho best portion of
Tho success with which this a'.eamor
lias met, Is an evidence that boats, aultablo
to tho wants of the country ,can bo built In
Oregon nt Hellas any where else. It ro.
iulr:s mora capital, It It true, wo havo
the materials to buitd wltlj, and when la
bor, as well as ctcry thing ttse, shall bo
reduced to a prnicr standard wo can cm.
ploy ndvantsgoously tlio capital in build
ing our boats Mid thereby keep the money
in tho country. When wc'laio into ac
count tho high prico of labor, board, and
In fact the fictitious aluc of everything
else, at tlio tlmo tho Lot Whitcomb was
undorlakcn, and since, wo haio nohttlia.
tlon In pronouncing It a work of i-xtraordi.
nary cntorprise, such nn ono as but few
othormen nould havo accomplished under
so many litadvantageous circumstances.
Apart 'roin all other considerations wo
we consider tho building of tlio alesmboat
Lot Whitcomb, not only a croJit lo Iho
person whoso lianio sho bears, but sho is a
credit to tho Territory sho desorves tho
confidence, and there Is not much doubt
but that sho will rt'oclto It, and patronage
of our citizens gonerally. Hut fow men
would havo undertaken the building of so
large a boat eybst, time, sod few,cr would,
have earned it through suocessmily. In
view of all thoso things wo say success
to tho Lot Whitcomb.
OCT Tho I'ost Mastor admits that ho has
not taken the lawful mole of ascertaining
tho extent of circulation of tho papers con.
tending for tho pott office printing. Thoro
is one thing certain, ho novcr txamiued
our books nor asked us to swear to them,
as tho law rcqulna ; but contents himself
with hia own suppositiona and a parly
" I cant says tho P. Master imagine
what end tho editor of Spectator wishes
to accomplish In thus devoting his tlmo to
such small matters," 1V0J wo havo do -votod
mora tlmo to lilm than was our
wish, which was occasioned by his ova.
aiunsof tho law and disregard of duty.
Ho thinks himself too tmull a mnltir to
mako eo much fuss about. If ho thinks to
gel an argument out of ut on that score,
ho will find himself mistaken; fur wo
thought long ago juat as ho does, but for
bora mentioning tho fact, until ho mado
tho admission himself.
Wo aro much Obliged to him for his
proffered sympathy for us, which, says
ho, " comes from tho Inmost ree'.sos of
my turn-turn In Iho sWoteeil place."
Wo aro Inclined to think, from Iho cxclia
Ulily of 1)10 1'. M., exhibited in hit oWn do
finco, that tho thallovtit plaoo about hfm
Is located Hi hfs uppor story, instead of in
fcrTho Uoosler, on Monday t, start
ed on her rtYst trip to the towns and vil
lages situated on the upper Wllamette,
Sho had nulla a full load of tiaaseonrs.
among whom were Iho Rev, Mr. Geary
and family, bound for Lafayetlo, whero,
il will bo eeen by an advertisement In this
paper, ho intends to open a school, lo
which ho purposes Instructing y onus men
In the elementary branches, and also lo
the daisies, to be commence!! aa soon as
Mb. Wibstm. The New York Ex
areas savd that Col. James Tappan, n von
arsblu nlilzou of tilouaaster. Mass.. now
eighty-four years of agejwhb was (some.
mine mora lllia sum ia bu; uauivi
Webster's schoolmaster, addressed a lot-
tor to his rctpeotod pupil a few days slnoe,
rooountlngaoma Momenta 01 111s uoyoooo,
whlob was promptly anawsreu in a iamii.
lar stylo enoWsinga fifty dollar bank note
Caiteisu SjairticiTV. " Mother," said
a bright little grl, ! Is hell a hot plaoe t"
IMing a lltllO puisiou Willi pmy w ih,
the lltilo olrl. "ir lm't ikt far Ike
I'ltlfTnil IN TIIK I'cMTtN.'IAev.-trA
member of iho Ohio LoaUUtum Intro.
duced into tho Bentto jk bill, lite tjlectof
wnieii wsw 10 ivini urn oannioia hs ino
oHita Fenltentiary enouglr of the an of
printing to enable them lo print aad bind
tho books that may be ordered by Iho State.
The bill provides that suitable persons,
not orlmlnals, shall superintend the prm.
1 he I'sJntors In tho rarndfatid Stafti.-
man olfioes romonalrato against such a
manufaoture of printer by the wholesale,
to be Ut looso upon the world when their
respective terms of service shall have ex.
plred, lo lake lliolr places among Iho re.
speotablo men of tho fraternity. Il ap
pears that a lawyer was chairman of Iho
committee that reported the bill. A Flint.
er suggested tliat a law sohool bo opeaed.
A T'po lets loose upon the lawyers In
Iho following strain t ,
"Tho convicts In the Ohio Fenltnntltrv
are thus to be mado Printers by wholesale,
anil sent lor Hi Into Iho world to tas
plaoo along aide of honest men, and 1
editors and teacnersot otnera.
Mr. Lawfeis It ploeea y
laMMtaaSt tsVstaaal! li ttiaYatf sVatS I
11 younc Mn" aa I
in ueiena soounureiissn ror a aeaeMera.
tlon." To my mind it would be tatter
than lo learn them a trado which will en
able thorn to play tho rat and lake Iho
bread from tho mouthsjof honest men.
Should Iho bill pass, Il Is to be hoiied that
the Lofisn Senator will bs Iho !:.- an.
prentice lo tho convict asylum so that, if
kiwu is 10 rosuu irom u, ns osn earn an
honcit hrirgly au honctt notation,
"The New INantu Snip Mix. "j
Tho distinguished imlividuil who lejnloes
in ineaunvolllio win no our city tlio hon
or In pay il n isll to-morrow evening.
Itrml his advertisement, under tho hand
sonm port rait of hlmtolf In our advertising
page, for particulars. Ha Is destined to
nunc a sensation. 1 lie UhronotyiKi -ct Is
him "that doublo dlitilled nulntisiei to of
tho 1 ankce teudrnoy to tho mcrctntlla
and tlio practical ihst Dtniostlicnja of
lamer, mat Homer ol mi-'s, tlio lamous I).
r. wanlncr, tho now Hnglaml soap man.
1). P. Gardner Is an orator snd a txxl In
a high and practical sonic. Ills gsnlus
expended In soft np at tho bar, or lit the
pulpit, in iho theatre, or in iho SJefislr,
would lead him to Iho same Grtuno Which
ho Is winning by extending It on the sale
of hard soap to I1L1 follow citizens 01 tho
broad field of iho world."
All who co to his locturo. must lock out
for their vest buttons.
Tho ahovu from tho Siirn Seelikr, It
another exhibit of Iho progroaalveneas of
1 no age. no nave seen and uaw tbe
fsr-lsmed " Kaxor strop man'
it on by thd hour,"whllittrVY
rushing in upon him from all sli
casionlng not tho loasi Interruption -fur
nlshing a good strop lo any person who
had a good quarter and wished topsrt
with bis dimes. WetTiougit thetl tho
business of shaving bail little vf poetry in
it, but when iho prullng of sosp'ian b
msdo a thoiiio fur ihtrpmt, wo are struck
dumb, and tonT'is tlitt taro more than
ever impressed with the ldea.ihaVliir
world has not attained tho ocmo of a full
I'aiTisit Ooi.u MU it I Tho Washing
ton correspondent of the North American
says, "Letters were receded hero from
liondon by tho list Hieameri and Irom
most retpoctablo sources, statins ibero
was a strong probability that the name of
iwrsons who received bribe in tbejUnitcd
Hlstea for aiding to obtain Iho passage of
tho Tarill taw 01 iou, would be obtained
from tho head-quarters of tho Free Trade
League, whero lliey were registered.
This suciicstloa seems so startling and In
credible, at Iho first blush, astooliMlemro
tho strongest doubt, but when tho facts
which have already been developed are
considered, and placed In connection with
tho nutliority upon which ihesu ststemnnts
nro foundod, there is too muih reason to
bellevo lhat corrupt mnkns wero eagerly
employed to bring abodt thai extraordina
ry change in tho polloy of tho Govern
ment. Tlmo may yet dlsoloso moro on
this subject ihan has leu reveaUd.
The Panama Railuoad. This road is
fully graded from Navy Day, near Chsg.
rca. to Oatoon, and ready for tbe rails,
and will be completed lo lhtpifrrlfy Ju
ly 1, 1PM to Uorgona by January I,
IH52, atd to Panama In 1863, Uaglnes
are to bo placed on Ihe road in MJ uext.
There are now 76(1 men on the work, and
250 were to' bo added Ihe 1st of March.
a ill ins a-aasaat-
Tho St, Louis Republican contains a
very Interesting notioefof iho trial of in.
combutHblt hempen rop, recently made In
that city. A pleoe of prepared rope and
a piece of wire ropo wero put lno a black,
amlth'eflre. Tbohoat wasaoinlcaaoastp
wold the atrande of iho wire ropo togeth
er, whilst the hempen ropo was only slight.
ly charred on the outside. Another lest
waa made 1 the pleeo of ropo aad a email
bar of Iron wero placed Jn tho samo fire,
aad the Iran brought to a white heat, yot
the cordage waa but little if any more af
fected by tho fire than in tho previous ex
pertinent. ' frf
BiAUTirot Rsnasx. tioctho Midi
"The loager I live, tho more I am certain
lhat tbo groa't dlObronoo between men,
the great and Insignificant, ia energy In
ylnolbla deurmlnatlon ao honest pur
poso.onoo fixedand thin death or vic
tory, This quality will '1 ay tWag In iho
tin, world j aad uo,ulofeitsa'olroura.
uaiM. no onaortunliv. will aMaa a two
jeggf d creature a man without It."" "
ke Leata tssXerTlaw
To iho cselutsOBormuch othor matter,
wo publish the,, opinion of Hon. 0 C.
lyell, sollcltedjky Mr. Holdorness and
a it invoivea ino rigaie-oi a
great many persons In tho Territory, we
delay qur paper a llltls beyond tlio usual
time, to give It aa early a circulation as
possible. There have been various opln
Ions expressed upon this subject, and
there I not a little misapprehension exist,
ing In Iho minds of tho publlo respecting
It ; 'In oonaoquenoo of which wo oheorful.
ly glvo It publicity without comment, a
It speaks for llaclfl
Oicqon Citv, O. T., May 17ih, ISftO.
Hon, 0. 0. Pxatt, Linn City 1
Jkw Sir take Iho liberty to ask your
opinion on a subjeot of Importance in my
eelf and othora In this community. 1 filod
my inieniioa 10 ueoomo a citizen 01 tlio
United States, with (loo. L. Curry. Clerk
of the Clroull Court of Clackamas County,
on the U7lh day of March, 1B4U. This
waa aitor uov. Lano's arrival and rruo.
lamation issued, and before iho arrival of
the Judges appointed ay the President for
preMratery atm to beeorne a citizen
of tbe United ftateai you will confer a fa
vor oa mvself and others bv vtaa an
opinion, whloh, with your permission, I
win uavo published lor ino aaiisinciinn 01
thoso who aro alike circumstanced with
myself in reference to this question.
1 , U. M. HOLUKUNKSa.
Linn Car, May IO1I1, Itffil.
Your letter oflho I7lh lust., nrunouiid
Ing an enquiry whether iho Clackamas
oounly circuit court, ns It nxlstid 011 the
J7tli day or Alarch, 18 ID, ws n oomjw
lent court within Iho mraiiini! of tho na
turalization laws, In which n diclarntlon
of intention by an elluu could bo legally
made, as a preparatory step to becomo a
citizen of tlm U. 8 , is Wore mo 1 and I
hasten to answer that, while 1 do not feel
invrelfat libtrtv loi'i onvopinlon wbat.
ever, touching any iarlioular caso in ad
tanuo cf its ddjudicatinu Ixforo the proper
IrlSunal, I c ti tee 110 objection to giving
my viewaun Lie general question present
ed by )our caso and others similarly sit
Under tho Constitution of the V. flutes,
iho pdwer of naturalization Is voted ex
clusively In Congress ; and, without going
into detail of the provisions adopted nud
modified from time lo time on iho subtct,
il is sufficient lo say that tuittanliallf the
several acts, In force, provide lhat appli
cation for this purpose may bo mado to
any circuit, or district, or territorial court,
ol the U. 8., or to any 8tato court which
is.a.-coul of rtpqrd and has a seal and
cterl. Tho declaration or Intentions Tofy
be trade before iho cloik of one of those
courts, aa well as before tho court itself.
This being tho description of courts In
which such proceedlnse could bo had, the
enquiry now Is, was the circuit court of
uscaamas county in tue district 01 ire
on, on Hie U7lh day or March, lof,
'erritorlst court of tho United Stales?
Connress alone has authority lo mako all
needful rules and regulations respecting
tho Territory and other property oflho
U. S.; and, that power was first exercised
In the country or district of Oregon, and
an organized goterninont given toll, by
tho Congressional Act of August 14th.
1849. ft went Into edict and had a legal
exlatenco as a Territory from and after
its psssage. (Seo section 1st, page 103,
sen. laws, lfllH.) The laws of ihe U.S.
were, al tho samo lime, declared lo be ex.
tended over the Territory. (Seo Iho 14th
section.) And, nt a matter of course,
amongst Iho rest that regulating tho natu
rallzallou of aliens for, It was of a gen
oral nature and Intended for uso In all tho
Btatca and organized Territories wherever
alleus could bo found who desired to avail
themselves of its provisions. Dut, il must
bo admitted thai althouuh the laws of tho
U, 8. wero extended over Ihe Territory by
oxnress enactment of that date, still, the
benfHj to be derived from proceedings to
bo had undor them and the protection In
tended to be furnished by them nould bo
practically valueless unlets theinachlnery
of justlco was, at tho ssmo time, provided
lo aid iu their administration and enforce
ment. TAi's trot not omitted. And, tho
great care manifested by Congress, In that
respect, found amplo reasons In tho extra,
ordinary ttalo of tilings existing at that mo
ment relating tu Oregon. Il was entirely
unliko other Territorial dlttrlots, at ihe
dateofiieorganlzBilori,. Left for yes rs by
tho only riant power having authority to
make needful rules for its rtovornment,
and without protection, it had, In splto of
ail neglect vy uongress, accumulated
within Its limits large numbers of Amerl.
can citizens, nnd othert teho whhed to
come tueh, all loudly demanding aid and
an immediate extension of laws v. ith meanj
to enforce thorn. A great distance inter,
yenedja savaga war was wagiug in the
midst oTVclviljzed oommunlty ; and, the
poonle oornpoalng it, without aid either In
arnii or money to prosooute II, and snip,
ported -by no othor gorornmonl than that
of taprlclout puttie opinion, soemed In ha
nuncni nazaru 01 cxiorminauon. in
extremity, Congress acting upon I
cesstty 01 me case, previoaej
means 10 meet 110 emorgoae:
wailing to go inrougn ino c
of directing tho electing
laws wero of once
tno taws jar
ihM bt ami remain In font until modi-
110a or repealed. 11 is Immaterial lo stop
bora and enquire, what an anomalous or
unisMsl etato of affairs this course of arc
ovftogtilghlproildoo It being suuIcVmk
for our enquiry to know that CongrwUi
Me potttr and imd It ttptillent to tttf.
tin U by IrgtthUng and mating 11$ own tt
tftttm oj law whloh had beenlused by
the people before the Territory wis called
Into legal being. Amongst thoso laws,
the offspring ofneccealtyaslhey all were,
was ono creating aad establishing certain
courts oi record la each county or tho Dis
trict or Territory, known and called olr
eullpourtsj and onsof thoso courtscom
iotlng the circuit was lhat for the county
of Clackamas. The court, the crealuro
of Ihst law and everything legally apper.
talnlng lo II, was thus msdo by Congroe.
slonal adoption lit own, and yrottmpore
set to work ni Territorial court vfthe U.
V., for the Use of the people over whom
the laws had been extended. This wil(
be apparent on reading the 16th section,
which declares lhat all judloiat and min
isterial officers who should bo In office
within tho limits of Iho Territory wlion
.I.Ai-A. UI-hI I-.. -I1.. a.l.ll. .. 1...
IIIU 1U. nvill II1IU vuruii WMIVIIi as wo liavo
seen was st tho lUltof Ut vntinge, should
bo and wero thereby uulhomcd and re-
tulrtilta ceptinue lojetrdie tho vtl" 0
Heir rent dire iffiet at ijfceriojtht Ter
mor or urtson uniu ouuri tnoun nt ap.
jxilnltil and iiunhjltd to Jill their placet In
the manner directed In Me act. (Boo U.JJ.
Bess, laws 1840, p. 201, 8wo. It).)
1 ho permanent judicial power was pro.
vldod for in section 0 oflho act. and when
tho Judges or Justices thereof should be
appointed and qualified and enter upon the
discharge of llnlr duties, die Judicial and
Mlnlsit rial officers oflho temporary courts,
adopted and recognized by the act of 14th
August woiiIJ, nnd not until then, bo tut
pen Jed, Tho provisions of Iho Dili, 14th,
nnd I fttli' sections of thai act are not only
consistent with uacli other, but constitute
together a plain and iiilclligiblo system of
enactments by which an Immediate and
lasting oitm.lonoflaws, both of the U.S.
unJ and those of a local characlor, coU
be made ami cnflrad fur the beuefil of tho
(coplo cf tlio Territory without at oil ere
tiling a conflict of powers or jurisdiction
bet ton tho temporary courts adopted and
the pornianml ones to bo afterwards cs-Inlilliln-il.
Ilolh wero 'IVrrilorial courts
of the l. 8. j for tho former becsmo so by
adoption of LV.iyrcsi and tho latter by its
nrlglnsi cktabllaluuenl through the samo
lower; and each In Its allotted way and
tlmo designed to lulhl its appolntrtl
poses In harmony
Where tho wonU of a statuto are ex
press, plain, and clear, they ought lo bo
construed according to their generally un
derstood signification aud Import only, un
less by such an explanation a cootradio.
lion or Inconsistency should arise; and,
where ah act of Congress enacts any mat
ler or thing, it tacitly ghet the right of car
rying It Into effect by all legal tntrnt, and
Urassforshmith the worJetisM asa not
express as to all the matters necessary lor
the purpose, the court will so construe the
statuto Ihst iu object will bs attained.
liven wncro mo parts 01 a statuto are
seemingly repugnant, If thoy can bo re
conciled, that shall be adoptod,so that tho
object of Ibe law giver can he reached and
the remedy furnished. Tho rule then in
this caso should bo that such a construe,
linn should bo put Upon tho jaw In ques
tion as may redress ho mischief, suard
against subilo Intentions and evasions for
tho ceminusneo of it, and give life and
strength Iu ihe remedy or statute accor
ding to tho true Intent and moaning oflho
insured ino law. ,
It waa necessary to extend tho laws of
tho U. 8. over Oregon, and It was done,
Aug. 14th, IHIH as well thoeo concern
ing the naturalization of alleus aa others.
Il was further necessary to protldt courtt
In which legal proceedings could bo had
and Iho laws thui rendered efficient f and
this was also done In a manner, aa we havo
shown, adapted to Ihe exlgencletcfthe coun
try. In this way, as I conceive, the Cir
cuit Court of Clackamas county became
and was from and after Aug. 14th, 1849,
until superseded by tho oUt-dlvo oruanlza.
tlon of tho District Court for the. samo
county on tho titld day of May thereafter,
lo all intents and purposes, a Territorial
court of tho U. 8. and as such was com
petent, cither by itself or through Its clerk,
to entertain preliminary proceedings' un
der tho naturalization laws of Congress,
For that court had a judicial officer, or
Judge, who was required by act of Con-
Jirtss, to continue in office, and did so in
act, a greater part of the time, and u min
isterial officer or clerks dutlon tic satire
period from Aug. 14lh, 18H,to tbo 33d of
May 1840, tho dato when tho bito Chief
Justice entered upon his duties aa te
Judgo of Iho lsrJudloif.1 District. It
makes no dittorenco whether tho JuJi
shin was constantly filled, or nor, il
sulllclent thatiDu court Itseltdid
In contemplation of law, to e:
though tnere was no judge to
it is understood, howover, I
continued la opoo aad
roortU the whole t
ablo them lo declare Iholr Intentions, And
If they desired to vote, in advaaee of tan
live years required to perfect tkelr nstu
ream required lo perfect their nam.. ..jY-iB
ktksa. it waa provided that ibey ooald Mf .
If In addition lo their previous ate. . 'iJ
tlon to beeoree olllxeas cf the U. 0, V
they should also take au oath to seaport.
Ihe constitution and the fmviatoaa of tbe , ,
organic law. It has been suggested lhat
Ihe "declaration" referred to In that seo
lion was only for the purpose of eaaUlag
aliens to vole at tho first electloa, aad that V
if might have been made before a asanason ,
magistrate. This vlow I doaotlfctek '
sound. The "oath lo support the eeaeti.
lution of tbo U. S. and the provisions of ,
tho -organic act," which was only a pari t
of what was required from the alien volar,
il is true, could havo been taken before tho
Judges of election; but iho ' declaration
of Intention undor oath 10 become citizens
of the U. 8." which waJtlio first aud most
Important part of the qualification, could
only have been mado agreeably to the form
and before Ihe court or clerk prescribed In
tlio naturalization laws.
Allow me, in conclusion, lo say lhat un.
demanding there ia some dlvortity of opin
ion touchipg this quertion, and feeling
much anxiety lo be neither misled myself
nor Instrumental In misleading others con-
corning It, I am free to confess It tuts oc-
cupisa me roucn longer taaa n
seemeu necessary, inat, laetii mast
plead the proper apology for so IVng an
answer. My. first Impressions wero dlf.
ferent front those heroin cxprcseedAsnd,
with deference to the contrary opinion of
others, somo of whom were formerly in
high places under Ihe gevcrnmcat MUrs.
son. whose viowa oa sue eableets are
titled to, and do raeelve areas rascsst.
musi oe permiuea 10 ruainsi my own sr.
ror, (as in-y also have been that of others)
grew out of a hasty view of the 11th sec
tlou of the act, which was supposed to cov
er the whole groun J. On the oootrary, I
find thai il does not touch the question at
all. It relates to other, matters aJtMatft.
or 10 a provision for Iho final dtfaaHea
of unfinished business pendhufmdmmWttmu
mined Aug. 14, 14, in fit eotsrtt ef tU
late Provisional Govarnnsnif and not 4s
proceeding! or hatha had Cf dent ta the
courts established by tbo aot,.iW aa
ilale and after tkt talid orgmnltalltm eMa
Territory. Ferhsps a mora careful isivee.
ligation of Ibe law may correct others as
wet! as rrryastf.'- -
Liberty it given to do with ihUrefiyae
may beat ploaw you, while I resaakt w.
8. M. liotDExurss, Bs4.,OrtapaCtif,
GiowTO or Tnt Sirvauc TIn Isis
doa ttmea prediru that at the ssvd'oftasa
next half century the Amerlosaa vHN
number a population ef one haadred attd
ninety mlllioos, aad " there oaaass) be a
dotsbl," it adds, "lhat irtbo Unlea lasts
that time, tbo Uaited States will be tho
. . ... m .- .J't. " '
greatest nation tV world evorsaw."-
ireatness of Aroenea Wheromei
pend, is Iho oontlouaaee of the Unlea
CO" We understawl that tho firm of
Woodward dc Co., of tbla cily, baza re
ceived the contract for caitylns tho H
8tates Mall throouh to the Great'
Lake. The contract stipulates lhat IM
Mall shall leave each point 0000 a saoath,
to that wo shall have advices frcen ikq
Great Ball Lako City one evory meath
Tho bids for this contract were cf a atost
varied characlor. Tbo ono wateb web.
a . .a.. . . - . ...)
ably obtained the oontrMt'WMtmiaf
W 11,000. Wo know one gaaustaaa pat.
In tiM tnr Ikn aanui fMalnaL aJ M.Oatf
This goes to show thacHdUaaae in tha"'s3
aullsasUa Isk sl.Ias aaauttt amal .aiaitaSilnaai SsMtextrssT. ' ' 1
VMKIMtBfl III 111 l t(VWMnal F
try. It is a fair sample of tho vatlef af
opinion in retard to tho eoeLof 'woflMa
Calilbrnls. Ilio 8A.006 hombra did ROt ,
001110 wiimn " siono iihuh niswif- yi
...f.Lf - -- I- -f II f .Ja
ing moconiraoi. loaenmmuo iresiscnfs.
S4IT..KJST aid's rAinnjiu. t ra rwwu
In Paris havo appolotsd a committee) to
correct Iho orthography and punotiiMipn
of Sign-boards. They regard tho blunders
natlonil llteratitre. It Is rare lo see a alga
correctly painted, oven wncro tnorp u
a solitary name, we navo one oaiiy
fore our cyo whero there Is a full
ler tho lint name, and noao at
0- Tho London I
lu which thoy oa
aafeafei'.', . I i