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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 28, 1850)
i). j, kciini.iii.v, i.nirou.)
" Wrsltrnrd Mo Htnr of rwHre take lu war."
Oregon City, (0, T,,) 'f IrarSay, November 28, 1850,
TimTLtMn, Nov. H
lb .VeJ. (r. al Vvetl'i Sournl .
Mr uxar Hiii Agreeable In vour re
quest I limlen to give in you tome little
account oi our really pleasant trip.
We reached this place last evening,
having spent jiut onp month ntnl days,
in our expected two weeks' trip. Itcvlow.
Inn those pralrlos ami forest lamia on our
return to Mr. Ford's from your section of
country, convinced uanfihririerllllty ami
raa or cultivation. I he oil though ir
elly lscmiioseilofa rich vrgelable mould,
not aeen on llio surlacc, nut turned un in
tliouunil places liy the Innlcs, or gophers
as tliar are called. The grass, the pral.
tie are cover ad with, and the (Inn fat con.
uhwii 01 IhVcaltU Seeding about, cvideneeflotV the top toll traa generally a deep lay
too goodness 01 the eon
After a delightful tliln of three or four
hours from Mr. Simmons', wo reached
Mr. Ford,' place of bountiful hospitality.
Mn. P. relieved my tooth. ache and swell.
ed faM at once by a drop or twoof lamia,
nllm a great relief ami gain, tonne with
so keen an appetite esthlslicsllhy country
never fails to give. One cannot praise
enough llio milk and cream, huller, checas
and plenty or provision her shelves nro
loaded with Wn were immediately nt
home again, not much rcgretlng to wait
a day or two for Dr. F. and our good friend
and leader W. chief traderat the Cowlitz.
They duly arrived, the taller having his
small Indian pony completely loaded with
Idas for our trip dewn the Chehalls river.
(This is Mr. I''s spelling ofthn name, who
la particular and correct In his knowledge
of the Indian language. Tho' Indians
here speak in a more toilout manner, and
more well defined accent than is usual.
Mrs. F. having provided us plenty of al
most every thing for a months journey,
wo arose, as usual at the house, wry ear
ly on Mttnday morning, hut it was eleven
o'clock before all fire, of us, with tfo In
dians, were all fairly rlovted and balanced
in trio canoo. Air. r. engaged tho indi
ansnnd prepared all in his usual quiet and.
efficient way, and with pieces
we shoved olf into the clear running wa
lers of the Chehalls, and wrro sooncrock.
ing at the ducks and partridges on tho
river and shore I lit salmon leaped and
shot in all directions about our canoe, es.
pccially in the shallows. With a spear
we could have selected red, "diver, mottled
4 nf dark colored 'salmon as wo prefered,
hut we loifno lime in this w ay wo bought I
lor a quarter apiece, as imp ones as coiun
lie desired; ('hooting iIiuhi of html red
i-olar as now the Ix-nt. These full had
cast up nvniiy large Ixtls tu deposit their ,
spawn, its the- gravelly bottom of the inorei
rapid and shallow parts ol tho river, thus
giving somo annoyaneo In lioat iiatiga -
lion. A bitteau could ply from III miles
almve Mr. Ford's to the ruft of drift Mine
t.'i inllei IkjIow, even at the present ln
stage of tho ntcr. Hero at the cross
timber a litllo mi i jKiciage is necessary.
Fur our canoe and toad (and wo had a
inontht' nrovUlun for .' men ami our lied. '
ling and ammunition), Mr. 1'. had quilo
an off hand original mislonf proceeding.
I'lacing tho cargo on Iho bank nt a placu
whero only onii large log lav nverlhu a
ler a few inches from it, In sink the ranon f
und s it .indcr. 'i'ho Indians quii'kly
and ikllluiiy rimed un mo water mil at
-I fl.. I. .:.... - .....I.. .... -. ... W..
inn sinus liming i.iv;.-ijr ,uiv in. .. , - .. .. ...-j...-... ..... m. iUll..c, mw .. ...,. , uuitti un., wuiii! un., mu nui.-i .mu ,-a j un- . Hi-nans iii hoi "- iv iv i'i'k uiiva- one thing you may bo sure that on tho
toon had everything replaced and stowed, ed us lo jicrlorin this duly. Four of us, deep water lu-urlo the shore. Wc passed . plored, loth outward and inland weprc. .BUbject of disunion incase we nronoted
and gaily drilled on. Tho ascent of the , accordingly, having by request laid the, many pbces on the river where onco were for waiting further explorations now ma. ' mitlcil this session' there it no difference
riser I porfomied in about the taaio limo hly on its face mi a wido plank, with all Indian villagus.nowovcrgruwu with bruih ' king, beforo using this powerful rccom. . 0r opinion. " About the lime this was
as the descent, so listlessly do they teem, her clothes piled over, bore it to a lonelv , wood, generally at a landing in tho iniJst , ir.cuJa'.ion. We know well that thocoun. written the California patters descanted
lo paddlo along, meroly altering into the ' place in the neighboring wood, and laid II of a large tract of fertile country. Most ' try is fertile and rich, and desirable aside on .ne 'subject of their wrongs la a high
JunK.ri..if lli.rahlil. flliM. nr. frt. llflWIl. 'I'wn lnV'e. f.-ltisle. Willi till, olll ilT fl... lidlili. Ul'f. illVil nil' milt ClW Frmtn tivllitrtra nmA I . .' ... .. &
ucc. ,... v. ....., ...v.- ... ..w
quent, but not violent, the descentbemg
gradual and the courso nf tho riververy
WinUing IIS rilLBIIIICII aUUIII 41 IIIIIC3 .
below the place mcillioneu anovci, anil pre.
pared a feast of game,huller,liread,checse,
a cup of lea, and all very much to our li
king. Uy the light of Iho bright fire, un.
iter the covering of boughs, wo laid on our
blankets or tell,
ing stories till we got lo steep. Our Indi
ans wero content with plonty nf salmon,
but we gavo them tomo oi our looil. I hoy
Tronned asloen alongside llio firons usual
at soon as tnoy nau eaien t-nougii, out uiey
r.nl.nl.lird ill firei diiriiitr the niiihl. nnd i
uiado us more than comfortable After
breakfast Iheday following, vve pmcecded
mi and found Ihe river much ihe Fame
as above, only Increased hy ihe addition '
,.f many Miiall streams hut tho scener)
changed. Tho country tins a more unl ,
IT,.... nn.l Inv.d nnnenrsiien il.in it l.n.
l,ir.lirr un. varied hv llio sniir of a mmin.
liicltcr ilpt varirti uy mo ftpur ii a iiioiiii.
lain rango oxtcnding Inwnnll'ugpl Koiiii.I,
f ' It". . r.
.. - -.. ..
very similar lo part ol a rungn nt nig the
t . . . f ... i .1
river near to Mr. Ford's place und vn
ried loo, by a new kind o( evergreen for-
rest true ralleii rqiruuit, vmiui u most re
eniblcs. No lira ore found und imt no
- I 1.... ....... ..A.l.n ..C l.
'-.... . . . .-.'
mUUY ceuurs, "III iiimiv .i-i,ujii "I lliu
tlf I. ...I lr.ll.. .. I.H.. I.f .... .I!-.. I. ...!
V V I IHU II lull" llliu ..ui". u.av.iiui..
I -.1 .id I. III!... .......I., .r ... . .1.1. ...
mm riues, Killing a uniiu vi iiiiiniKia,
when wo dlsunverrd two fawns fording nn
il,. lunlt. unl mliidiii-' our nnnrnach. Air.
.... n -, -..- ---
F. our licit inaiksmaii hud In load in tight
of thorn, vol we came miilo near, ami by a
is refill tight he put the ball in tho right
spot, securing a young buck, fnt, nnd nf
rood tizo we could easily havo kllloU
ilic oilier, If our pieces had been iu order
and a third one, ihe mother was seen,
nearby. Wc encamped tho second night ,
tinder'one of ihe larjr Spiuces which
protrctcil us from the rain with our beds
close together In front of the blazing fire,
after feasting on our came, wo made llio
woods wake to new II Co with our laugh
nnu song. Dome inuian wnoop wouiu now
and then greet us, answered by our own
KouwasliM,' and tomo now natives would
visit us to wonder and talk. The vino ma.
pie grow thick on the high bank, end tho
anil is of great richness no gravel, but
clayey. 'J he soil all along we could ob.
one very distinctly, as wo drifted by,
especially where the banks worn broken
by the current, Is of a rich mould oft to 3
feat In thickness often gravelly nt llio sur.
face, which makes ll very easy to plow
and break up. ll yields aa largo crops
as tho clayey laud, especially Is
s It adapt.
ed to llio culture of Brain and arai
er of clay near (he river usually gruw a
thick forest of evergreens, ash. maple,
and vine maple, with very largo cotton
wood trocs and alders near th otcr.
. i.I" a
Romttlmts tho open prairie como to tho
river sides, and were often visible beyond
a narrow growth of underwood on the
brink. Very little poor land was pasted
on tho river only a few places seemed
liable to overflow, and they had not tho
slimy character usual in such cases, but
wein covered with a sturdy growth of w.
low. Tho overflow of this river Is In the
winter, and perhaps sometimes enrly in
the sprint, and serves to fertilize the soil
by moisture for the long summer season,
Showers are more frequent in tho t'hehalis
valley during the summer, the cold in win
ler is not to severe, and but litllo snow
falls. There arc no musqultoes nor fuvrr
and aguo. Uraasea of tho best kind are
growing spontaneously on tho prairies,
starling up afresh like as In (he spring.
The next day we passed the Lalson and
other rivers abovo and below. This is a
very rapid stream entering the Chchalison
tho north side, and is about tho head of
tide water. Five miles below on the same
side, tho Wanonchle enters. It was low
tide when wo passed, and very favorablo
wo lound VI Icet water
nelow Hie tsop
and from 15 tu IP feet
below iho'Wanonchlo or Week river, a .
very larrfealream on its bar only 0 to I'J
feet. Tho Chehalls Incomes from this
pointj-ery wide, straight, and deep easl.
ly navigable. We ascended the Wanon.
chie about Mlfamllo to procure a larger
canoe,' tV'RO to the Saltuater wiih, but
learning from our Indians that cdd-Karoo.
wan lived on the Chehalls a few miles U. J
lit... U.M I..MA.I I.BnL llfA ..... A I. -
low, wo turned back. Wo reached hi:
ranche early In the etching, and encamp-1
cdjust above, 'i'ho old man welcomed us
with a chnerful faco, nry glad Iosco Mr.
I'nrd, who is very well and fatprably
Known among an tne iiiuiaui. inese ncrc
laro pleated In ace while men, and desire
j thoy should llvoin llio country. Sjmo
wished to engage to stay with us, when
wo should coino back lo livo there. One
young fellow who had bwcu out with other
I'nriics in suunuing uie riter ami o.iv. ivc ,
hired tor our pilot, and found ho h.id qv.Hu i
a good know ledge ofthe depth of ihn water. '
Knrcowan fiirnislied a fuiu largo ('lumk
'canoe gratuitously, with a good si.ed
' square sail, lie shonetl his coiifii.Mici
' and friend. hip by a rcmicst, carl m ihu
inorning, just before vvc started. lli is-
ler dud Iho ni, lo previous, and not Imv-
mj; n miiiiciviii ininiucr oi maies or mi-
.....1 l.ivit.li. I.. Lin. ll i.iia. I... r. ....... ... .
man followed. I ho runner brought hoes
to dig tho grave. We left them to per-
I"l"l IIICU "! M'i,i hi,., wil.v, tVH-tuw. j
nies, wisniiig 10 impruro mu lavuraine
weainer anu nine, lor surveying inn river al me nest, ucing uroxcu at ioii enus, was
and harbor. Wo found not less than lMn'hcavily loaded and one of our two Indians
IR feet water from Iho Wnnonchio to the
llay. Here tho river widens so gradual,
ly, wo missed the clmimol, and found 14,
I'i, 9 and 0 feet water. Tho last depth,
only whilo near Ihe snnd bar, which ap -
pears on the right at low valer. as you
enter tho hay. Wo approached very near
to the water-foul that literally covered
tho narrow strip of land. Tho brcezo U: ,
ing very nrcsli, we could not grt sure aim,
and the birds leisurely walked off, and
look wing when wc nunc too close. We
readied the (IrM long p. jut in the hay up.
.ilo to Clielmlls I'oml, with n fairwind,
before hirakfiisl. about 0.'. miles; and
found lfl fi el walerns we iienrcd the noint. '
Tho hreee Increased as wo entered iho
i no urrivr inrrrntni n nu niicmiini'
s. .. .
llurlioraml we passeii irom poini in pomi,
I i mi .ii . .. :..... I....IH.I.. . .. i.a.. t
atmul vn miles, iignuu: u nenu line in anoiu
I Imurs The ti
imes in rnnid V. ri.
sing almul IV. feel
. . .. . .... ...
0111 nrenhi.iM un iho nrti jnint.iuc water
icuihod nearly lo our lire, though we
n... In. I t . . 1 1 . .1 1 . .....I ......! .... l...1!n.l.
tmu muvini , uilil unu "I ",, -
hadlokeeiiiiinvlniroureanoe. or itnuuld
Im.a. Iu.... I. ft l...n... I ... .....1. fill.
... v v Lt. ,h,i .'j n,i, ..ii, ,1.-1..,. .....
........ ...II .1. !. .... ......!... ..!...!
o......tuii, uiuugii nui vi-ry irj;u, iuiiiuu ,
ut flying through the water. Wo drew
llio canoo a louii vvnv blo'i un on ihe lirm '
- - .. -. j ---r... "i- - ---.-,"
sand beach of Chehalit 1'oiut un arrival, '
ami walked around lo tho I'ncifia ocean
to viow tho breakers. We heard them at i
wo saiicu across mo Harbor. Ihouii hall
was calm here, a fresh wind was blowing
outside, which prevented our sounding the
bar and cntranco fiom Iho evenn, Thero
is told lobs I'i to H feel vvalcc-atlow tide
"ii 'lie loir Mrcakrrs ,f grral height,
j rolled and broke upon the long sand heach
with immense fury, curving and lessening
( beautifully as they came upon mid around
' the point. A grander sight Is hardly af
. lorarn oven at Niagara. wo at once
stripped ourselves and bathed with real
joy, among Iheso regular rolling and re.
treating breakers a most refreshing and
exciting exercise. The Indians resort here
part of the year. We saw old Karoo,
wen's ranohe, and a number of horses
feeding in the meadows around. A great
numbJr. of largo crab and clam shells
ahowed the attractions of the place. The
ground In many parts is covered with
strawberry vines, very thrifty, and nooth.
t r herb near tlmm. We all r at dey,
break tho next morning, and took another
viewer tlie.breakcrfnd Jhe new rolling
country around us. Toward the jxilnt
the ground Is sandy and bare, with a few
salt meadows, farther in, tho soil Is good
. .. ... an. ' ' .
and the grass very high. There are pine
tree scattered among tho knolls and the
'more woody parts were IltcraHastampcd
with deer tracks. Mr, F. shot a tine largo,
l buck, breaking his shoulder or foreleg, I
but could not get near him again. Ulk .
come ncrc in neras at certain seasons. -
iif. r I . .U r r . . . i...
o iuuuii a vrcii ui irosu wmcr, uug uy
the Indians, only four feet below tho stir
faco of tho sand. Tho tldo beginning to
(low at rt o'clock, and a fair wind blow,
inir, wo left tho point on our return. So
. ctrontr was tho breeze, wo could easily
hare reached the head of tide water V
miles distsnt, before sunset or 3 o'clock,
but wo stopped to shoot sotno ducks. We
had no shut, and the young (cllow who
was our pilot, was to determined to eel
out and try to kill tome, we let him. lie
asked for two bullets, ol these he made,
with a knife and his teeth, a dozen shot,
and putting half of them into each barrel
of the fowling piece, he killed three large
fat ducks at one shot ; one -barrel missed
lire. ,i, These partly atoned for the los of
an nour, wnuo iho wind was mowing
strongest. We peached Karcowan's the
same evening, ahq encamped about a mile
above, after exchanging canoe again.
Here Is a rich country, abounding in oer
ries, tho aallal and the beautiful mountain
currant. The water now at full tide, was
within 3 or 3 feet of the edge of the bank
The Indiana had soon taken out every
thing from the canoe, and, J led It to a
branch near tho water. We arranged to
start at midnight at Jura of tide to help us
on. On rnilfur In nnr rmnmt at 12 nVlork.
un fuitud it suspended almost perpendicu
i. r .... !.. .U..ul.... I. ...- .I..I tl'..
lar from llio place where it was tied. We
noticed thustlm riseofthetidetube about
II feet al this point, which Is about .13
miles from thoocean. liy the Rid of roots
and branches, we dropped ourselves into
the canoe once more, and uy a clear mnon
light wo proceeded on our way. The
Wauanchic's waters looked blacker than
ocr in tho dimness ofda) light. Wohtd
hard paddlingauid polctng In reach the
ami salmon, oi wmcii uic imiians urnugiii
great numbers. Our venison lusted
us in this place, i ne course ni me river
Hie uny previous, we loiinu, as I mcniion-
eil nreviouslv. was lien rlv straight from
the W iiiianchie to I hrhalis point, abovo
it is geiiernllv very cmokeil, but has the '
.... ' . ..f. . "
gmer.il course ni&t by north, while the
jjcihtu1 coiirsuofiho lower part is vvcl In
muiii. i in n.iiis pomi runsaiinosi eaci '
1. .....l.n...l.n.-.l. ....1 ll.n !....... .!.. 1..- .
,. ... , ,. . . ,..... .....,...,.....,., -
; small ranches remain here and thero on1 Iho Cowlitz lonns arc not far from
'the river bank. Hero ihey stay at this the Chehalis river, a most enchanting lam
SVaMIII IL UB11.II HUM UJ MIIIIUII IU IIIV
vviiuer. viur oanoe, a very snauoy one
was sick, so that we wero n few hours
longer returning limn in going down ihe
' river. Thero it a very good chauceVwhcre
tho rapids occur, to pull or to push Ihe
' boat over them. Wo got out and walked
'over Iho gravelly bars, to relievo our In.
, ihaus, in Iho vory shallow and rapid parts,
'but llio long stretches of still water vve
generally Maid in. In llueo or four pla.
ccs, wo got ahead of our canoo by taking
a prairie In walk across, culling offu large
k'nd in llio river of 10 or l'J miles, by a
walk nf tor.", miles. Wo had thus an
opiorluiiity to see Iho country, ll was
exactly what n fnrmcr would like he
need nut nsk for more. Wo unused over
nniirics un either eido of the river, and I
limine, un rimer eiuo in un- ncr, aim I
olhcrt just ni lertile ami ol inucli greater
. I . i..t i... . at. at- I
extent lay imami neyouu i.iesc
avn us iuformalion of 1 heso. and ndeed
,.t ..ii ni ), ra.,i,v. lii, i.it. '
...... . . - .. .. i
unj ing at nit noute anu uy ino way. no
liaJ lived in Ihu Willainetlo valley and
.!.. ..F t 'l.nl. ni I j an.l n.llnli .....M ll... Ul
IUUI ul vui cii " uiu.u I'loiui. iuu ll.
ler for soil and climalo. II o is a ureal
.. ..11,... nn.l I. ..!. ...... ....I I... I .. ..UJ..I I
unikl I itn iiuiiiiiiwii) mm ll... im.ui..
.1.. .......... 1.. .!.... ....... ..... VV'.. I
um uouiiii; in mill utij j'.ii. o
had expected a great deal rrom what ho
nmi Mr. Jackson bad lold. but ihe rcalilv
-. ------ 1 I
lar exceeded oiircxncclalion. Thu prai.
rlct ore cuual in fertility to almost any
land, and ura girted with limber. Along
tho river bank it would be oak, ash, nnd
maplo, growing in rich bottom land, far
liter In would uo more of the evergreen
Iroes. In one largo prairie, the bottom is
itself praine thickly coveied with grim,
ucrri ii"t i" tav unlet in extent Our
- t, m s .,..!. . .
1f encampment was al the lodgo of an!
om imiian hunter, who kindly Mitred us
nut dwelling, quite a well male house.
iil pcopie urctscu and cooxea mcir nocsi
salmon for us. Many of them were out in
the river catching salmon by torch light,
tinging loudly and making great sport ol
ibcYr occupation. These fun are now In
such number. w amused ourtelvse la
throwing stones at them as wo walked 'on
the bank. We preferred encamnlos out
side, though the night was cold. For (be
L house, Ilka Karcowan's, Is used both (or a
dwelling and a smoke bouse to dry the
saltans. 1 1 hat no wUdowa or openings
of any kind, other lhanjhe cracks of I ho
roof eml eides. There were two teles,
one M each end for the occupants, like
were kept closed by pieces of plank which
ilk ho had
hung over them, we saw near th!
part of tho hugo antlers of an elk
I kUJcd a fow weeks previous. Mr. F. wo alas for tho reputation of theao aelf.st
at tho hunt, and "In at the death." Ilclsccr. their prediction hare all tm
said the animal would' have weighed lOOOiThcir prophetic ihaiaat hare all pretest
lbs. We started at break of day across to be only the clouds of a diUempcred Rwi.
the Ilute nrslrle, about 10 mile from Mr. lay ; and hare fled before (he Ifeht'ofTfii
Fords. Tliis plain isabout7milcssquare,jturily a the shadowtof night heatWifce
1 large enough lor hail a dozen claim, ana
.i, -. . .. . i.r .1
, ncu suipitii 10 pssxuro or cuiiivaiion.!
iiui our cisun lias reon tasen and a nouie
built, which Is unrecorded and deserted.
TJio Ilute Itself is well wooded, end of
ricu tommy, irom lit summi. 10 us uose.
We saw on it Indian remains, where It
had been used for a burial place.
Wo reached Mr. F'a house by 7 o'clock
A.M., and after a good wash al the river's
brink, wo tat down to a regular good
breakfast, with Iho keen appetite of foot
travelers, hungry a bear. The aamo
good health now, Nor. llh, aomo two
weeks since we left remain with us.
Parting from our kind host, fellow trar.
eler, and guide, Mr. Ford, and hi family,
all In ruddy buxom health, we reached
Mr. Jackson's the same evening, though
we'stxrted late In the ajlernoon a rich? of
j9 mues. uere we experienced inosame
free hospitality. He has all the county
records, is clerk of the courts, and record,
er. A 'most Important and useful man In
the country, and roost Intelligent and un
assuming. We bad our respective claim recorded.
Though wo chose them for their ease of
...... I!L !. ... r .1 -.- .!..
via). hb ? ini v, tua wvuuj iwvt
liaretabnndanca of rich land nf prairie and
.While recommending the counlrv
nVl fyrMTs Ufa iln It jioufor our-own tltosl
experience In this tingle trip, but Tor the
confirmation, that gives of what has long
neen Known and told by om km Her on
the.spol. Wo are indebted to "Mr. Ford,
Mr. Jackson, and Mr. Robert, for much
of our pleasure, and Information. The
valley ofthe Chchalis is an Immense for.
tile country, beautifully watered by the
clearest springs and streams, left forssken
by llio Indians who once lived populous
aloiig lis shores, and now at this late day,
almost unvisileil by civilized man.
almost has the heart ache lo see it to lie
xerted. The rocks of the country are
san I stono ami soap stone, and wo passed
mauy appearing lobe lime stone and slate.
We made i'OC.1 inouirv for coal, and learn.
....-. ' - -----
ed orstonc conland m locality. Iheln-I
dians we cmplftvcj furnislietl ui mr.-v
sicimens. They are pronounced equal
if not sUerior to any yet found. Should
it prow, as is quite UKeiy, very abundant,
l. 'l M. ..I.l!.. .. Ill ..... l.l.r. !..... . -. .
largely under cultivation. A lew miles
distant and'nearer lo the samo waters, Mr.
Roberts Inlormcd us, are prairies equally
fertile and extensive. These lands, tho'
perhaps nearer lo the Cowlitz river, in
rapid current hardly admits of boat navi.
gallon, and a seaport at 0 ray's Harbor,
or a trading post M tho head of tide water
on the Chehalis, would bo by far the cast.
est-Tnd most natural market, and place
for supplies and shipments. I he raft or
mile to the ocean. This is mostly afloat
and breaking off at the tides. A few days
work of 7 or 8 men would remove it, in.
deed It may go off enlirclv at the firtt high
,,,. but care isnecdcJ, that large parts
81U not be caught lurlhcr down. On
Cl,l.nli. rw;,.t fib.. llv i nt li-n.l lueniv
mile, tm arV in an litienlo the fine view
miles fnuare). Ill nU'imon
'of the Ocean, towan.'s the north-west a (
lariro snowy inoimini'i it visnue, anu a
s t . t t "it ..
rn .len.linr. .oulh.-rlv from It. also
"? . ,". . . x.L.i. i.i.. ....,.. i.. .'...
tiiovvv : but a high uiuo n:ouninin nearer
. n,U, "
it iianer and
with several spurs, wc look,
' Olvmpus j the other .Mount
l.l '. I.
. . : ... ..
n VS1.1UH raHBH. I
Ii I. ,..Mlleu in snenk nf llio tJulnolth
.-.. I....I.... .1.... ll...ll. .l!.
CUUIIiry HIIU IIBIIVIP, RUi'UI Ml. I III lb s IH
. . . I .1 ... f- .. e... ..I..... ll.i.
lam, ana incir lamuu-a mi unnnuii. s no
Chehalis has only to ask a fuir rhaiico lo
t,n L.,n.v,. n,l l.nnl. and ihe vvliolo cnun.
" -- - -. --....-
try north of the Columbia Is bound to go
Uxcute, dear Major, this long yarn, and
the next lime you ntk ono toting, bi euro
tho person hat a good voice.
K'llc who fcuri not l. to bo feared
: tAilorcj the Bpnbiter f
la year last number 1
cle under the headiwrof "Ti
fornta," from which k woaM
demon of disoniea had rear
lha raelfio. The letter of HV.
alluded to, was probably wrhttW''
month since, a it eiiutJtsto
which were to have (seen eetl
term of court held last Mar. t
time It wa written, ha wae ntt
one who. from the cloud sauseriaat
horizon, presaged A coming stem. -The
nineteenth century hue West'
liao or prophet ; and iWlr pwffcesfc
hs?e m!& ever crtry iJdi-3st 4
oiuuun oi we union to thf.oes
8a?Wr. "Ereiy.c.a ;!.
tJi iUmA -III. ll.. .Iu! X
.v. a.ia.1. n..a. .aaw UC4.H v fmnaff
; veil of futurity and to gaM upon lite shed
, ow which coming eventirotst betbrs. Pat
. rising tun. Anu sucn i nope ana wnswe
, m.iii .1.. - r .1.. buji.ii&.. r
nui w 1110 iai0 v iiiv jJicuM.uva9 u, .
! r rcaner. ana oi aui oinera woo iareie
secession of California from the Uofoa;
When tlie newt first arrived In CaHsjid
.1.. f ..mma I. J AmmtA Ms .iImII I.&H.LB I
IN.IVJVUJJIIiWIIIU Unbll IUBVHinK1li
a State, and would not permit herjteywij
icntative to take (heir teat In Ccaajresa.
!t created nulte a murmuring aroona a Iter.
lion of the people which found voice lottos
rireta, wnue me larger portion oi wepep.
ation were almost entirely lodiffereol or5
the subject. FromextcTitlve ooqualB
and observation In California, I hare p
hesitation in saying that the mat of W
citizen are as loyal any In A UaNK
I am aware that a set of polWcktj
there wbo would be willing to IwM
their fortunes though the founda'topawftxt
laid on the ruin oftntlr country. Tfeta
ire probably the "prominent m," atl
whom Mr. Frcsser spsak. . -
1 have heard some of these uMetnHt
men" sounding the puUIe mliidJ) aattl
bow their dltunlonUt sentIsseU Nta Jt
taken stealing like a Tarauk M tats asm.
complitbment of their nefariotta iMsjafcetf
ravishing from our glorious UxdM tstaJtS
her brightest gems or larnitMag Mm Mtr
or ot their counlrv. ihey bare
Ikr as to declare that, in their sal,
they vltwcd a ttote of-things wbMl
exonerate tne peopliriromob
laws, and would justify the
ting their rights, if need be, even wlthke
right arm of power. Hut when they Iok
cd for Applause, their acntlment were r.
I. jj.f.l. ! fl I .tlh
miicu wiiu iu uuuuuua suence, jum sey
were forced to close with that heautlAsI
" I lore tlif e, O my couolry" ,
beautiful even in iho mouth of a hypocrite.
iheso "prominent men have fixed, on
i tlietn the eves of nflient fl nmmlnjknt
themsrlvcs, and their first cry of ' dis
union" will be the dirgeof their popularity)!
nj tie cpark of rebellion
will bo kindled, I
0lliy ,0 bc nuenched wiih the blood it
.L.1...I . .i.t ii .. :
Mv observations convince me that Mr.
' u ,'.,".. ;..... ...,i. ,;... I .. v.-
. iiil-iii:viii.'3 kiiu iijL-ir auuviuilis.
isay,, ..J assure vou that unlets Congress
does' something for us very soon amove.
incut will be made for independence Of
! 1rflln. flml silmeil llii. tflma. tlirf.f.ntfua
, tmio r wrniriT Mr. Presnnr. Bui
sirain, anu atsumcu tno san
tmi0 r warnin" as Mr. I
hen i,, R few fnonlhs the
files of papers from the cast, in which ftey
were charged with advocating disunion,
they repelled the charge with a vebem.
enco which, if it did not prove their tJa
ccrity, showed their opinion of public sea.
llmcnt in California. The courso of the
California press in regard to Ihe Gold
mines, shows that it panders to public
opinion, and is willing to sacrifice truth
everything to popularity : and if they
. opposo disunion, it it a strong evidence
. ma(C, j, cost a cvero pang lo over tbo
,.cs w,c, bind ut to our native land,
... .,,, .,,-,, ..,., .,, , tje.
,,.?,,. '',,,(., JS'Hwffi
If. ":. 7 ",'"?" "m
',", ' ' ' r,,n Wu"ur !iiT.S
iuu . . ! tne inamanuer cnnga ip svam
nmi '"f,lM".? '"" ""J. Pl"'
iv ill nisi laiiuva us u. iiHiin iiii'BnMMi iiui
ly in tho valloys of a more pleasant but
Y.ii i.,i iY. it,,..i.n in.. wiii7....V
, .,.. . . ... ..".
ustHi(ttuattsw ituwiHii iiivf " tttt xvstvsvtu w
'". .""'" . "u""' .J v' u,c,v "'!
la his own barren and irozcn north x end
I'ocalionias sighed in the palace ofaklne
rr the tippling ttrcamt and pathless wild
. ... ,',. "i..i ..i , ,. ,..
l. .,.r 1?.. ..,,, I ...... Vn. ,1,. frmm
I 'eatujesol l.uropeail luxury forthe free.
vi lid u.itiu t.iiu, ami .(;ii willlu VI1V
m of tho forests of America. And if
such be the fondnctt of man for Idsooun.
i . , .. ..., ..:,!. ..I,t,.l, I,. ;,....
'.,', ", "I" ,, ,.1 , , ,' ,V ".'.? ,i,l!
" .,IB.1 cn. ""pel mm 10 turn agtintl nT
1 and raise his hand fur her destruction t
A man may leave his mother, but none
but a monster could attempt her destruc
tion. This love of country will cause great
evils lo bo endured with patience, and
thousands have sacrificed their dearctt in.
tvretts on their country's altar. Usatoii.
ing upon thlt principle, lhou(!i it might
alMT i I frTEPyiti
I do a imt vrm j
Hie sell, ray HtWHy.t
be bulk im mhI
ftMsfttttalMeBlfBl tftaBnT BVn
VVBl SVfaSHVaV -VaM SaNr
to at ! ittir t
ettaee U wmtrntmy I
eewtirr ea no '.
skSavaM tvaatMHt &
fPVWv MtasYSVVtxfjps tiv
yua nfclHMalaT VatMB
SB (KB sWPsaH VmHIK4 ,
is that 1
the mm m imiTmtm,,
NfNW W W HNjBp;
AsMaf tlk '1
oefMht Wri WM-i
- .IU aal aal at tat.
' i'rJrfewilbay IttavmMri
cy , tjr taa it
cvni. tn tn ;
'I '-. ' 1T. at
l " "'pjw.. aifflr fFa
N tTS 1-.
tririBj v .