Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855, June 29, 1848, Image 1

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Vol, 3,
TW" ! MBHW-H
The President's Message.
' 1'ltM.nW ClTltlKI or Till HlltITI AND
or TDK HoUSI Or KKrRMKNTATIVMI
The annual moling of Congress if al.
way an Interesting event. The ropre.
sentallvrs of the alales anil of thn people
oomo fresh from their constituents to takn
counsel tnorlher for the common unod.
After an tUlenca of near three fourths nf
a century aa a free and Ir dependent repub
I jo the problem no longer remains In bo
solved, whether man licapablnofwslf.gov.
rrnintnt. The success of our admirabl-i
system la a conclusive refutation of th
theories of tlirwso In other count rice who
maintain that "a favored few" are bom to
rule ; and that I bo tnau of mankind muat
lie governed by force. Hubjecl to no arbi
trary or hereditary authority, the people
are thn only sovereigns rcognlsed by our
constitution, numerous emigrantaoi cv
fry lineage and language, attracted by lb
civil and religious freedom we enjoy, and
by our happy rendition, annually crowd
to our aliorea, and Iranafer their heart, not
leaa than thrlr allegiance, to the country
whoie domliiloii belong alone to the peo
plo. No country has hern an much favored,
or ahould acknowledge with deeper revor
rnoe the manifestations' of the Divine pro.
taotlon. An all.wlao Crrator directed
and guarded us In our infant strugglo for
freedom, awl hat constantly watched over
our surprising progress, until we have be.
come one of the groat nations of the earth.
It la In a country thus favored, and under
government in whloh the rxocutive and
legislative branches hold theiraulhority fur
limited nerlods. alike from the people, and
where all are responsible to their respec. I
tivu constituencies, that it it again my du
ty to communicate w ith Congress upon tin'
alate of the Union, and the preaent condl.
tlmi of publln elfalrs.
During the past year the moat gratifying
pnif am presented that our country haa '
heen Weaseil Willi a wiuo pres'i ana iiiii.
versal proiperity. There has lieen nope,
riod ainco the government wss founded
when all tho industrial puraiiilaofour co.
I ile have been more successful, or when
abour in all branches of business haa re.
i eivrd a fairer or better reward. From
our abundanun wo have been enabled to
perform the pleasing duty nf furnishing
food for the starving millions of Iras favor.
cd countries.
In the enjoyment of tlto bounties of pmy.
idrnco at Iwme, such as havo rarely fall,
i n to tlm lot of any people, It la caiiso of
iiingralolation, that our iiitercoursn with
ull tlm powers of tho earth, except Mexico,
contiiiiiea to be of an amicable character.
It has ever been our cherished policy
to I'uUivate iearu anil good will with nil
natimn ; and this x,licy has been steadily
punuodby me.
No chaiiRC lias taken placo In our rela.
tinn. with Mexico since the adjournment
of tho last Congrena. Tho war in which
the I'nlted States wrro fori-ed to engage
with the government ofthut country sit tit
rontlnuea.
I deem it unnecessary, after tho full ex.
position of them contained in my message
of thn 1 1th of May, IHJo.and in my annu.
al message at thn commencement of the
session of Congress in December last, to
reiterate the serious causes of complaint
we hail againat Mexico before alio com
infilled hostilities.
It is sufficient, on the present occasion,
to say that the wanton violation of the
righta of person and properly of our cill.
reus committed by Mexico, her repeated
acta of bad faith, through a long series of
yrara, and her disregard of solemn treaties,
Hr'.,iulating indemnity- to our injured citi
zens, not only constituted aruole causo of
war on our part, but were or audi an ag.
graveled character aa would havn juilili.
ed us before the whole world In resorting
to thia extreme remedy. With an anxious
ilealrn to avoid a rupture between tho two
roiintrica, we forbore for years to assert
our clear rights by force, and continued to
seok redress for the wrongs we had sudor.
rd by amlcablo negotiation, In the hope that
Mexico might yield topaclfio councils and
tho demands of justice. In this hops we
worn disappointed. Our minister of peace
sent to Mexico was Insultingly rejected.
The Mexican government refused even to
hear the terms of adjustment which ha waa
nulhorUed to nrnnose ( and Anally, under
wholly unjustifiable pretexts, involved the
two countries in war by luvadlng thetsrrl.
lory of tho stale of Texas, striking Ilia
first blow, and shedding the blood of our
citizens on our own soil.
Though tha United States were the ag.
grieved nation, Mexloo commenced the
war, and wa were compelled, in self-do.
fence, to repel the Invadar, and to vindicate
the national honor and interests by prosecu.
ling It with vigor until we could obtain a
just and honorable peace.
On learning that boslllitlea had been
commenced by Mexico, I promptly com.
inunlcatr d that fact, with a aucclnot state,
ment of our other cause of oomplaint
against Mexico, to Congress ; and that be
dy, by the act of tha lath of May, 1840,
declared (hat "by the act of tho republlo
of Mexloo, a stato of war exist between
that government and tho United Statos,"
this act declaring 'Mho war to exist by the
act orthe republlo of Mexloo," 4c making
provision lor Its proawutlon "to a spatdy
and successful larmlnstlon," was pssssd
.'IJ1U I " LJ-'E-Kl?1 '.m ' i.1.1
with great unanimity by Congress, thorn
being but two negative intra in tnc senaic,
and but fourteen in Iho llouao of Itepre.
scnlstlvts,
The existence of thn war having tints
been declared by Congreaa, It becanin my
duty, under tlm uiiutlltitloii and thn laws,
to conduct and prosecute it, Thia duty
lias been performed and though, at every
ataire of Its progress, I hsvn manifested a
wllllngnrss to lermiiisto It by a just pesec,
Mexico has refused to accedn to any terms
which could ho accepted by Iho United
Htstes consistently with tho national honor
and Interest.
The rapid and brilliant success of our
arms, and Iho vaat rxli-nt of tho enemy's
territory which had been overrun and tint,
(juered before the oloso of thn laat session
of Congreaa, were fully known to that bo.
dy. Hlnco that lime the war has been
prosecuted with Increased energy, and, I
am gratified to state, with a success which
commands universal admiration- lllsto.
ry presents no parallel of n many glorl.
ous victories athievrd by any nation with.
In so short a period. Oitrariny, regulars
and volunteers, have covered themselves
with imperishable honors. Whrncvcrand
whrreevor our force have encountered
the enemy, though lie viaa In vartlv aujo.
rior number and often onlreanlieil on for.
tlflsd posllloasofhlsnwn selection, and ol
great strength, ho has been defeated. Too
much praiao cannot bn bestuwed upon our
officers and inch, regulars and volunteers,
for their gallantry, discipline, iiidnmilnblo
courage and persercrancr, all seeking tho
poatofdangcr, and vielng with each other
In dceda ofriublc daring.
While every patriot's heait must exult,
and a just national pride animate every
bosom, in bcboldlni! the hlnh proofs nf
roursgo, constimatn military skill, steady '
discipline, slut liumanity to ine vsnqutsueo
enemy, exhibited by our gallant army, the
nation is calli d to mourn over tho loss of
instiv lipavi. nlTieers ami soldiers ulm bavn
. -- --.- .. .. -
fallen In defence of their country's honor
snd Interest. The bratc dead met their
melancholy fate in a foreign land, nobly
discharging their duly, and with their
country's Hag waving triumphantly In the
faceoftbo foe. Their patriotic deeds are
justly appreciated, and will long bo re.
membered by tliell grateful countrymen.
The parental care of the govenmcnl they
lured and served ahould be extended to
their aurviving families.
Shortly after tho adjournment of the last
scss on of.Consross. tho cratlfylna intelli
gence was received of the signs! victory nf
linens Vista, and orthe Tailor the city or
Vera Cruz, nnd with it the strong csstle
of San Juan ile Ulloa, by which it was de
fended. Delict lug that after these and
oilier eucccsse, ao honorable to our arms
and so disastrous to Mexico, the period
was propitious to nHord her another opjior.
lunlly, If she thought proper tn embrace it,
to enter Into negotiations for peace, n rom.
mijsloner was apintid to pnK-ced to tin-
head quurturs ol our army, unit lull pnw.
ers to enter iioit negutlalions, imJ in con
rtil'lo it juvt uu I lion iralili' treaty ofpvaci'.
Ilouasiiut directed to make nil) new over. .
lures offence, but was the leunrof n !
patch from the S. ctcmry of .Slate of the
llnitoil Ciates In the Minister of foreign
Allair in Mexico, in reply to one receicil
from the latter on tho twenty-second of
February, 1H 17, in which tho Mexican
government was informed of his appoint,
ment, and otitis presenccat tho liesdijitar.
tors nfnur army, and that ho was invested
with full lowers to conclude a definitive
treaty of jieaeo, whenever the Mexican
go rmment might signify a desire to do ao.
While I was unwilling to subject Iho Uni.
led States tn another indignant refusal I
was yd rewired that tho evils of war
should not be protracted a day longer than
might bo rendered absolutely necessary
by the Mexican government.
Caro was taken to givo no instructions
to tho commissioner which could in any
way Interfere with our military operations,
or relax our energies in tho prosecution of
Iho war. Ho -possessed no authority in
any mamior to control these operations.
I In was authorised to exhibit his instruc
tions to the general in command of the ar
my ; and In tho event of a treaty being
concluded and ratified nit tho part ofMex
Ico, ho was directed to gitu him notice of
that fact. On tho happening ofsuch con
tlngency, and on receiving nollco thereof,
the general in command was instructed by
the secretary of War to suspend further
military operations until further order.
These instructions wcro given with a vlow
to Intermit hostilities, until Iho treaty thus
ratified by Moxico could bo transmitted to
Washington and receive the sanction of
thegovrriimcnt of Iho United .Suites.
The commissioner was also directed, on
reaching tho army, to deliver to tho gene.
ral in command the despatch which he boro
from tho Secretary ofHtsto to tho Minister
of Foreign Affairs of Moxico, and on re.
ceivlng it tho general was Instructed by
tho Beorotary of War to causo it to be trans
mitted to the commander of tho Mexican
forces, with a request that It might be com
inunlcated to his government.
Tho commissioner did not roaoh tho head,
quarters of tho army until aflor another
brilliant victory had crowned our arms at
Corro Gordo.
Tha despatch which he bore from tho
ScoroUry.or War to tho general in com
mand of the armv was received by that of
ficer, then at Jalaps, ontho 7th day of
Oregon City, (Oregon Territqiy,) June 29, 1848. .
,iif ,
.
May, 1847, together with tho despatch
from the Secretary ofState to thn Minister
of Foreign AfTalr of Mexico, having been
transmitted to 'him from Vera Cruz. Tha
commissioner arrived at Iho head-quarters
of tho army a fw days afterward.
Ills presence with tho army, and Ills dj.
plomalio character, wore mado known to
the Mexican government from 1'ucbla oa
Iho lath of June. 1817, by thn transmis
sion of Iho despstch from the Secretary of
Stato to tho Minister of Foreign Affairs of
Mexico.
Many weeks elapsed after its receipt,
and no overtures were made, ngr wa any
desire expressed by the Mexican govern
ment to enter into negotiations for peaco.
Our army pursued Its march upon the
capital, and, as it approached it, was met
by firiivdahio resistance. Our forces first
encountered tho enemy, and achieved slg.
na victories in tho severely contested bat
tles of Confrere end Churubusco. It
wa not until after llieso actions had re
sulted in decisive victories, and the capital
of the enemy was within our power, that
the Mexican government manifested any
disposition to enter Into negotiations for
K.-ace; and even then, as events have
since provrd, there is too much reason to
lielleve they were Inslncorr, and that in
agreeing to go through tho kinhsol nego.
tlatlon tho object was tn gain tlmo to
strengthen the defences nf tholr capital,
and to prepare for fresh resistance.
The general In command of the army
deemed it expedient to suspend hostilities
temporarily, by entering into an armistlco
w ills a view to tho opening of nesJOtiations.
Commissioner were spjwinted on tho part
of Mexico to meet the commissioner on the
part of tho United States. Thn result of
tho conferences which took placo bclrecn
these functionaries of tho two governments
was a failure to conclude a treaty of
peace.
The commissioner of the United States
took with him tho project ofa treaty alrea
dy prepared, by the terms of which the in
demnity required by the United States
was a coasion of territory.
It is well known thai tho only imlcmnl.
ty which it is in the power of Mexico to
make, in satisfsction of tho just and long
drfcrrcd claims of our citizens against
her, and the only means by w hlch she can
reimburse the United Slates for tho ex
penses of the war, is a cession la the Uni
ted States of a portion of her territory. J
Mexico nas no money to pay , ami no oincr
means of making the required Indemnity.
If we refuso this wc can obtain nothing
else To reject indemnity, by refusing to
accept a cession of territory, would bo
to abandon all our just demands, and to
wsge the war, hearing all its expenses,
without a purpose or ilcfinilo object.
A state of war abrogatea trratiea pruti
ously existing between tho bcligcrrnts,
nnd a treaty of peace puts an end tn all
claims of indemnity fur turmoils nets com
mitted, under tho authority of one gov.
eminent njralnst the citizens or subjects
nf aii'ith, r, unless tlicv are provided fur in
HsKlinulntK iih. A tre.ily or peace wlucli
would terniltmto the existing war, without ,
providing for indemnity, would enabh
Mi'xlco the acknowliih-cd debtor, and'
hcrsolf 'he aggressor in the war to re.
lirve herself froi.i her just liabilities. Ily
such a treaty our citlens, who hold just
demands against her would have no rente.
ily, either against Mexico or their own
government. Our duty to these citizens
- : : . "
must lorevrr prevent such n pence, nnd in our ininiary occupation, uui were wh
no treatv which docs not provide ample .ling to conclude a treaty In a spirit of lib.
means of ili.rlmrelnir thcM) demands enn craiitv. our commissioner was authorised
rcceito nv sanction
- :r----D---- "
A treaty of peace should settle all ex.
Istliv. ilillereiiees between the two toun.
..... ..... --.-.-.- -
tries. If an adcqfTnti! ccmiou of territo.
ry should be made hy such a treaty, tho
United States should rcltaso Mexico from
all her liabilities, and assume their pay
ment to our own citizens. If, Instead of
this, the United Slates were to consent to
a treaty by which Mexico should again
encage to pay the heavy amount of in
dcbtcdiicKS which a just indemnity to our
government and our citizens would iin.
ose on her, it is notorious that she does
not possess the mrans to meet such an un
dertaking. From such a treaty no result
could bo anticipated, but the -no irrita
ting disappolntnients which It n hereto
fore attended tha violations ofsiiiiilar trea
ty stipulations on tho part of Mexico.
Such a treaty would be but a temporary
cessation of hostilities, without tho resto
ration of tho frienilaliip and good under
standing which should characterize the fu.
lure intercourse between tho two coun
tries. '
That Congress contemplated tho ocnul.
sttinn of territorial indemnity w hen that
liody mado provision for tha prosecution of
tho war, Is obvious, umgress could not
have meant when, in May, 1840, they
appropriated ten millions of dollars, and
authorised tho President to employ tho mil
lltla and naval and military force of tho
United Statos, and to accept thn services
of fifty thousand volunteers, tocnablo him
to prosecuto' tho war, and when, at their
last session, and after our army had ima.
ded Mcxlco, they mado additional appro
priations an,d authorised tho raising of ad.
ditionsl troops for tho samo purpose that
no indemnity waa to bo obtained from
Mexico al the conclusion of the war; and
yet It waa certain that, if no Mexican tor
ritory wa acquired, no Indemnity could
be obtained.
BBggr -
m
It I furthor tMnilMfmfCoMtrtM
templated territorial Indemnity, from tha
fact that at their last session, an act wa
passed, upon tho executive recommenda
tion, appropriating three million of dol
lar with that express object. Thi ap
propriation wa mado "to enable tho pres
ident to conclude a treaty of peace, lim
its and boundaries), with tho republlo of
Mexico, to bo used by him in the event
that said treaty, when signed by tho au-
thorlsed agents of tho two governments,
and duly ratified by Mexico, shsll call for
the expenditure of the same, or any part
tnereol. i lie objector asking tut ap
propriation wa distinctly stated in the
several message on the subject which I
communicated to Congress. Similar ap
propriation made in 1803 and 1800,
which were referred to, were Intended to
bo applied in part consideration for the
cession of Louisiana and the Florida. In
like manner it was anticipated that, In act.
tlrag tho terms ofa treaty of "limits aad
boundaries" with Mexico, a bessdon ofter
ritory estimated to bo of greator value
than the amount of our demands against
her might be obtained, and that tha prompt
payment of thi sum In part considera
tion for the territory ceded on the con
clusion of a treaty, and it ratifications
on her part, might bo an inducement with
her to mako such a cession of territory a
would be satisfactory to the United States.
And although the failure to conclude suoh
a Treaty has rendered It unnecessary to
use any part of tho three millions of dol
lar appropriated by that act, and the en
tire sum remains in the treasury, it I Mill
applicable to that object, ahould the con
tlngeocy occur making auch an appllca
lion propor.
The doctrine of no territory lathe doc
trine of no Indemnity ; and if sanctioned,
would be a publio acknowledgement that
our country wa wrong, und that the war
declarcsJkby Congress with extraordinary
unanimity was unjust, .and ahould be
abandoned; an admission unfounded In
fact and degrading to the national charac
ter. The term of the treaty proposed by
the United States were not only just to
Mexico, but considering; the character
and amount of bur claims, the unjustifia
ble and unprovoked commencement of
hostilities by her, the expenaes of the war
to which we nave beenaubjevted, ana we
success which had attended our are,
were 'deemed to be of a meet libera ckar-
aclor,
Tlie commissioner of the United State
wa authorised to agree to tbe establish
ment of the Rio Orande as the boundary,
from ft entrance Into the Gulf to its inter
section with the southern boundary of
New Mexico, in north latitude about tbir.
ty.two degrees, and to obtain a cession to
the United states ol the provinces ol new
'Mexico and the Californiat, and the priv
II ceo of the riclit of way across the isth
mus of Tchuantcpcc. The boundary of
the luo urandv and the cession to ine
United Slates of New Mexico and Upper
C.alitornia constituted an ultimatum which
ouriommtssioncr was under no circum
stances to ield.
That it might be manifest not only to
.Mexico, but to all other nations, that the
United States were not disposed to take
advantage of a feeble power by insisting
uporvw resting Irom her all tho other prov
IncesNncluJini! many of her towns and
i . . ... " . r
cities, wincii we nau conquerea ana neia
. . . r .. .1! j-
to stipulate loriuc restoration 10 Mexico 01
an our other conquests.
As tho territory to be acquired by tne
-.,..., - i .
boundary proposcu migni oe csumaiea 10
be of crcalcr value than a fair equivalent
for our just demands, our commissioner
nas authorised to stipulate lor the pay
ment of such additional pecuniary con
sldcratlon as was deemed reasonable.
The terms of a treaty proposed by the
Mexican commissioners were wholly Inad
missible. They negotiated as if Mexico
wcro the victorious and not the vanquish
ed party. They must have known that
their ultimatum could never bo accepted.
It required the United States to dismem
ber Texas, by surrendering to Mexico that
tart of Iho territory of that state lying
between tlio Nueces and the Rio Grande,
Included within her limits by hor lawa
when she was an independent republlo,
and when she was annexed to the United
States, and admitted by Congress a boa
of tho State of ear Union, it contained
no provision for the payment by Moxico ol
the just claims of our citizen. It re
quired indemnity to Mexican citizens for
injuries they may have sustained by our
troops in tho prosecution of tho war. It
domanded tho right for Mexico to levy
and collect tho Mexican tariff of duties on
goods imported. into her port whilo in our
military occupation during tho war, and
tlio owners or which had paid to officers
oflho United States the military contribu
tions which had been levied upon them ;
und it oftercd to cede to the United Slate.
for a pecuniary consideration, that part of
upper waiuornia lying norm oi lamuuo
thirty-seven degree. Such were the un
reasonable term proposed by tho Mexican
commissioners.
Tho cession to the United State, by
Moxico, of the; province of New Mexloo
and the California, a proposed by tha
commissioner or the United 8tates, It wa
It
'
. , ,' iO
-" '.'' tp
If STVSBJSi BR SSPVSV SBSH
h tha coavaedeae a
both nation than any other oeaatea of ter
ritory which It wa probable MulewmtaU
he Induced to make.
It I saanlfeet to all who bare observes!
II wno save ueeeiiea
of tli'Meskaiijr.
ssra Met, u4 alar.
oviaeee 6 tw-
the actual ooadltloo of
ernraeM for aome veer
rat. that If three prtrrlaeee
talned by her, she could not long ooallaae
to hold and govern them. ' Mexloo ie loo
feeble a power to govern tbe provLnoea,
lying, a they do, at a distance of more
than a thousand mil from her capital t
and, if attempted to be ratal1 by hr,
tbey would cs)etltsH bat roraaortsiae
evea Boealaally, part of her domUlaa.
Thi woaldbeeepaeUlly Use oae arid.
Upper California. Tasjsagaorty of power,
ful European Mtioa haa, loag aiaoa, di
rected their atteatloa to the uoamsi?olal
importaaoe of that provlsoe, aad tawre oaa
be but little doabt that the monseat the Ul-
ted State ahall rsastaksh tkesr tMHttM.
cupatksa ofh, aad thHr otalai t k ft Ja
deowlty, aoeibrt woald a asade try aonte
foreign power to omi k, estlter by eoa-
quest or by assreeae. irao fortsga gov
ernmeat should aoqalr it la llker of IMa
mod, aa IndoeeaeeDt rerotutioaary gar.
ernmeat would proaaUy be eetaatiahed ay
the Inhabitant aad each foroigoer aa may
ramal ia or raatora to tha ebaatrr. a aooa
aslthJlbluscrTBtJstaUnlld8tt
have abaadoaed It. 8Mh a geranteat
would be too feeble loag to maintain it a
arate lodspeodeot existence, aad would JL
nally become annexed to, or be a depea.
dent colony oi some mot powenui ataie.
Hbould aay toretga goveraaaeai sue.
to poaaeaa it aa a colony, or otMnria to
incorporate it with Itaelf, tha priaoiale a
vowed by President Monro ia 1M4, aad
re-aJBrroed tn my arat aaauai msaaag wt
no foreign power ahall with oar coneeos, be
permitted to plant or eetaklleh aay new
colony or domkitoa oa aay part oi the
North American continent, reo.x be main
talned. In maiatalalaf tat principle, aad
in reeUtiag It Invasion by aay foreign
power, w might be volvdta other ware,
more expsosiv, aad ror dimculttUn
that ia wbJeh w ar aow eogagee-
The province of Nw Mexico aad tfc
Califoruaa ar ooaUcaoa to tha territo-
riee of the United Bbttes, aad if brought
under tbe goveraateat t roar law, taeir
reeouroe anaarat, agneouurai, a
fa4uriaaad uuamrell would
& sarsMraMSBSiM
tTssser CkliferaU k boaded oa ta
north by our Oregon poaamloas, aad if
held by the United State, woedd aooa aa
settled by a hardy, enterpristag, aad iatU
ligent portio of our populatioa. Th
bay of San Francisco aad other harbor
alone th Califomian ooaat, would aabrd
shelter for our navy for our numerou
whale ship, and other merchant vessel
employed in the Pacific Ocean, and would
in a short period become the man of aa
extensiv and profitable commerce with
China and other oountrieaof tbe East.
These advantages, in which the whole
commercial work! would, participate,
would at once bo secured to the United
State by the cession of this territory ;
whilo it i certain that aa long aa it ro
mains a part of tbe Mexican dominion,
they can be enjoyed neither by Mexico
herself, nor any other nation.
New Mexico I a frontier province, and
ha never been of any considerable value
to Mexico. From it locality it ia natu
rally connected with our western aettle
ment. The territorial limit of the state
of Texas, loo, as defined by her laws, be
fore her admission into our Union, embrace
all that portion of New Mexico lying east
of the Rio Grande, while Mexico still claim
to hold thi territory aa a part of her do
minion. Tbe adjustment of this question
of boundary la Important.
There I another consideration which ia
duced the belief that the Mexican gorerts.
ment might even desire to place thi prov
ince under the protection of tbe govern
ment of the United State. Numerou
band of fierce and warlike savages waa
der over it, and upon its border. Mexico
haa been, and must continue to be, too fee.
ble to restrain them from committing dep.
redations, robberies, and murders, not on
ly upon the inhabitants of New Mexloo It
aelf, but upon those of the other northern
tatea of Mexico. It would be a b!tlng
to all these northern atate to have their
citizen protected against them by the pow.
er of the United Bute. At this moment
manv Mexicans, orincloalv female and
children, are in captivity among them. If
New Mexico were held and governed by
the United State, we could effectually
nravent these tribe from oommitlina suoh
outrages, and compel them to release tbe
captive, and restore inem to tneir nmuiea
and friend.
In proposing to acquire New Mexloo
and the California, it was known that but
an Inconsiderable portion ol the Mexican
people would o tranaiaiea wun wean, ine
country embraced within three province
being chiefly an uninhabited region.
The war the leading ooasideratloe
which induoed me to authoria th Una
of peace which war proposed to Mexloo.
Thev ware reletretd. aad nMoUatloa be
ing al an and, hostilitte war renewed.
Aa assault wa mad by our gallant amy
upon th atrongly fcrtlfUd alio aar th
gat of lb city of Mexico, aan) upon th
city itadf, and afWr several day of vr
ooaAlot, the Mexican foree. vastly wp.
. -. . .' T
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iif l-Tst! Jt&srVrS i
"Vl,,.''!
SfgJiAjJa--lgguV I
oMve:sai
gotlatioM,
tlta faagVI
few urn n m
NaTsTspassaWsWsl 9w Ha
atateal Waga, "I i
btstafsxHtoataaV
aaay aaaasdeby M
sssbjbbs as SrsssffSSI
lesi lut vraa, a
ec
M
ItMil
April laat latg ipadfjti
WrFBJg SaM WW VsVlVePJaBVsaV
osjratariatmWharMM
llf MMMiM tjamf WHii
ratssai. aaW -Iho aMMtt
tin
Oar araaakavlag m 9tmfKt
torlosj, aavlai
gintaiett
a
iaraa ai
Ifyf taalaaiag MMiaVi
fsaTsVsPLMsWaW mnKm rfsTsssssssss;
teat i
war
ostttst I ba araHfaMfJ
id b oar Mam mM0ff
doabt that vr atswM -avslUUe
tastsawstskssaa
rdyrad!aadi,viMH
beoM hold aad Mepy, Wf WI
asttttary fere, B thn ptaHsl
aai pfwvMc.svai-jaraBj
whloh may hrrVil fel ipjat
saa;that wa ahoald Mat I
mUHary up.iaiiaw, tn Wfjx
ry eeatrieatasa aa
for a praetieaMe, awfray
a of tha war. , VT-i? '
, Had th geviraanat ar win i
to the Maltaa aajd ribwal I
that awda of a BaHaiMt -W
pnMsfM sTsMSWa) JMVMff I
thkaad felled t r,a
wUehcamM a am
Stale, th awdaaal I
tarritorr.
ei"tssswar.Nwl
wer takM ptsjaatassM arri
OurasUUary aM aaM i
toWeaessiNdofkvateaaWM
Tkeee provsasUaWW-B
puted oeeapauaa, ,.
many maatb: all rwekst
of Mexico heviag aiMad wH
its, I am aatisCed that Us
be aurreadeMd to Mai.
irres ooocnr with ma to thi I
that they ahould b McJahftsWl
atate a laaemniiy, i oaa awswesra i
reason why tbe civU JaritalXsal M
of tha United State saVsald at i
extended over teem. . ia watwrai
-- Tr--.-: r - - - mtA ' 1
of peace, auch aa wa arc wMtaf J
bv which our reUtioaa iMrafda':
would not be changed, eaaatP
cy; whilst our ows lat4t, 13 JU
tbe people taaalnaaag tiai,rajMia t
sUble, iwepoaaiWa, aadtVaa Wip
under our aataomr. mmm, :!
possible, be MabllsksW ovwr rhaB. ,
Jeeyrrasa. therefore, dilarataafl told
province pinMsll.sM4lafl
nereaner a cxssspnssrwti a
of our couatrr. tha early" i
territorial rovernrneat ovar th I
important for tha awre partoal
of peraon and property; aad 1 1
mat ucn nmiomi i
llshed. It will pros
anility among tha tohaMtat. hl
all apprebeoefoa that thay aay'lat4
urtala of being aato avMiatod t tha i
riadictlon of Mexloo. I Invito MIM
and favorabt ooaeideratiea of Caaltoii
this important auMeot "Y'
BeetdeeNew Mexico a4tiwCUs
there are other Mexlean puilaiaa t
bav been reeaoe to our rassaaai
cooquest. Th other Maian i
oe are aow governed br oar ta
naval command!, under th i
Ibority which 1 conferred na nt
qusror by th law of war. TAto" m
continue to be held aa a mean ra
Mexico to accede to itaat ttrascaf
Civil a well aa military oa
ouired to conduct Math
Adequate oompsaaaltqa to ha dnsfwi
contribution levied a tktmtmfm
b fixed by Uw lor MhvMsMM
bethu employ d. WlmtralthWl
ion may become aoary, lm
nal dtsfxtsttioa it may hiipMl
oc tnem, snuei oepess esimai
greeaof th war, and tto.Mj
Mexico may think luaMht
sua. Irvv
With th view latrtiitohajl
vor tn patMT wmw aawi
ttMf sowkusarawi
orloiwtlr to at
alylMdaddfei
amy altagathir I
aav aaaa f
verr.Mslaithat
(CaaMsaViM (
a i
pablio hsl.rn,;WlWrsa
hWde)prraTwMr
ap)wi:iMlaiti
aaarlrasWaaa
nv"SriK;
i V. vV
-. -1
tt
ft .v Ms. tV ' i