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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View This Issue
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OCrMrvBedwell wilt perceive, that wa
hava omitted to publish so much of his
communication m doM not particularly
refer to us, or lo the pastoral mandate and
laiter. of the Aroh Bishop of Oregon City,
published In tho 8d No. of the present
velum of lb Spectator.
W regret that lb publication of ihoM
document gave Ottawa to any of our
Prom some time prior to lb publication
of them to tba present time, tbla territory
f baa been engaged, in a war, in which all
T at .....I k LI ..l.l Ilk A.!.-!
IM wen anu imiflii hi wwiu tm vvituii-
edj'have bean needed for the prosecution of
These doeuments admitted the justice
and necessity of a prosecution of tba war ;
we knew lb high respect, which catho.
Ilea generally entertained for the opinions
el their spiritual advisers, and we hoped
that those opinions, publicly eipreseed
and published, would give that harmony,
and union of sentiment and action, in the
prosecution of the war, which waa so
much required. These are some of the
priaoipal reasons which induced us to
aabllah those documents they may bava
base) among the reaaona which induced
their being handed 10 us for publication.
Again, If those documents advanced doc.
trices, and declared them to be the doc.
trinea of the Catholic church, they did not
denounce the doctrines of any other
church. The following communication
islets exceptionable, upon the score of
eactaiianlsm, than the documents above
referred to; but Me publish It, 1st, be.
cause It romplsiiis of us, and tid, because
it Is in aniwer to a communication pub
lished in this paper. We have not the
honor of an acquaintance with Mr. Bed.
well, but we take this oecaaion to say to
him, and to our patrons generally, that it
Is our Intention that the Influence of the
Spectator, so far as its Influence may ex.
teitd, shall be a stern influence. As an
Individual we have what every man la en.
titled to honest party political and secta
rian lews j while these are Intended to be
unknown to the Spectator, we intend, that
the Spectator shall understand the other
great Intcretts of Oregon, and Its citizens.
fur tlw Orroo SjmUlor.
Ms. F.titToa We have often congral.
ulsted ourselves epon the happiness ol
reading a newspaper published in Oregon
Territory. It rosTtcs us feel aa though
we had not even hen, gone beyond the
bounds ofjcivilixed humanity.
Nur would we lie without so rllgiMi-,
sndiacy a means of cunt eying all Un
authentic and important Inli'lligt nee
throughout the country, for any reaMnable
consideration. There are also many oth
er reasons for highly prising, and greatly
desiring such a vehicle in any community:
and one of paramount importance, is, Its
litterary use to a young and rising genera,
Doubtless the most of your patrons are
men of families, and greatly desire that
nothing immoral, or vicious should con
taminate the pagea of your very excel,
lent periodical ; for if it did, its baneful
and lasting Influences would be felt In ev
ery cottage in our beloved Oregon.
And mora especially, aa there la but
one perlodioal in the country, Its Editor
occupies both a dlgnlfted, and orilloal po
sition ; moulding the destiny, to a certain
extent, of tha entire population.
Well, wo are pleased with your paper,
in the general, even beyond our most san
guine anticipations, (for we had no per
sons! acquaintance with the Editor,) and
yet we have a fault to find. But by what
adjective it might be most conspicuously
designated, I presume not to say. We
will, however, decipher it by eiroumloou-
A newspaper of ordinary promise, does
tacitly promite to not be eolesiaatio or the
ological ; and it furnishes, at least, some
grounds of complaint, when tbeologloal
communications are thrust Into the cot.
umns of your otherwise excellent paper,
and thus foroo upon your patrons a spa.
oiaa of divinity, wbioh in their hearts they
dlsplse ; and this la my complaint agatnat
tha third No. of tba Spectator.
Tha population for whom you write, la
both American and Prointont, with per
haps a law exceptions abd Is it treating
auoh a population with juatloa and res.
pact, toorowd youroolumas with auoh an
mount of Portaa theology!
And la addition to these ooaeidertttas,
why til thU jwUla them Why ehUae
in these Saint washed advices for tha pe
rusal of tba whole country, when they on
ly purport lo be written for the Roman
Cathollo Churoh t
True dignity and honor require noeuoh
props to vindicate their Innocenoy.
And besides all this, the communioa.
tlona themselves abound with the most
preposterous and superstitious mlsapplioa.
lions of sacred things. When we want
Popish divinity, we will subscribe for it ;
or borrow It from those who kcop It to
loan and when wo want politics, wo will
call on your hooor, (aa we have done,)
and we wlh lo have each dish served up
by Itself; for they do not bear to be mix
ed, being incompatible substances. This
clerical adviser informs us that God it,
or haa been sending diseases of a mulllfa.
rloua and fearful character upon brute an.
imals, for our sins ; and finally (in direct
reference lo the horrid murder of the much
lamented Doctor Whitman, and others,)
that He haa ("being irritated") dclormin.
ed to punish us "in our own persons."
Was this murder because God bed "de.
termined to punish us for our own sins,
in our own personal" If this is the work
of God, I should like to know what I am
to regard aa the worka of the Devil.
O, what a condition our country would
be In, were It not for the Pope's clergy ;
Ood Almighty would kill our cattle by
diseases, curse our ground with scarcity,
and murder us all by savage hands pun
ishing us "in our own persons," for our
own sins It
Prsyrrs to St. Peter and catholic pen
ante, never made this country ; nor do
they maintain the health, the productive
ness, or the harmony of it. Neither do
we believe, that the Almighty set up "all
the powers on this earth," and St. Paul
asserts no such thing he had reference
to the Roman political government alone,
which be Intended to make a praise to the
virtuous, and a terror to those, who disre.
gard tha cornrnoa rights, and Interests of
man. "Tba powers that be;" that Is,
those which then existed, when ho wrote.
This la not tha first lime, thai that de.
nomination has labored to use the Specta.
lor, if wa have been corrccty Informed ;
bul they were not admitted to impose their
divinity on a protettant community until
the present volume commenoed. Now
sir, we are quite pleased with your edito
rial abilities, and course, this one error
excepted, and we ask not penance, but rtf.
ormation ; and hope, that your erase of
juttice and of propriety, will prompt you
lo refute sectarian divinity ; but if jou
do not, I lisvo a good protcatant neighbor
who w nhea lo appear in your columns.
Pw um Oispa Ipsetstar.
A Vatce frwam Vauaililll Cwstaty.
Ma. Eorroa. No portion of the cltl
sens of the United States occupy, In a po
litical and domestic point of view, so pe
culiar and uncertaiu a position, as llioae
who reside In Oregon Territory. And
notwithstanding a diversity of opinions as
to what the general Government will prob
ably do for us, and what would be best
for ourselves ; yet l.bcllevo that four fifths
and perhaps even a greater majority of the
citizens of the Territory would unite in
any one system of means and measures
that could be shown lo be btnticial, prae.
Donations of Isnd have long been an
ticipated, and no doubt will be granted to
all actual settlers west of the Rocky
Mountains J and wo are also anticipating
by packet ships or oilierwiso,lhe announce
ment of the Intelligence, that donation art
granted and Aote much.
It is also well known, that liberal bills
have been before both bouses of Congress;
and that influential members of Congress
have enoouraged their private friends by
private letters, and Wea eoe, to emigrate
to this country, under the assurance that
liberal donations of land would bs grant,
ed to all bonaflde occupants ; and conse
quently many came, who but for these en
ttoementa would have been In tho solaoo of
ease and plenty at their old houses, which
they sold for a aong without a tune; and
are for tha time being, living on hops
Tha bills Introduced Into Congress, have
bean aucbaa to justify tha belief, that six
hundrodand forty aorta of land would be
tha amount given; and la etnfmrmiip to
UUl,ourawn provisional government has
secured to each ocoupaut a claim on 040
aorta. The general voiced tna ptopia
living la tha Territory, calls for that much;
and I btllevo would be satisfied with It,
Oregon City, (Oregon Territory,) tkfffbt'
notwithstanding wa are aware that Ihera
are some dwarf spirits In our community,
ihsl deiire no more than a quarter sec-
lion ; having probably never owned any
land, they would be quite satisfied with a
forty or fifty acre lot. But the souls
of most of our fellow citisens have
grown larger; their ilesires are const,
qusntly morn cspacious, and cannot, all
things considered, be saliified wilh lesa
thsn one whole section. And we are now
in poweMionoftliat quantity of land, and
as it Is somewbst uncertain, from eastern
Influences, whst quantity witl be donated;
would it not be wio In us to provide a
gainst contingencies ?
If sir, it should be announced that on
ly three hundred and twenty acres were
granted lo every head of a family ; the
other half of each claim would be instant
ly jumped, leaving tlie claimant on the in
ferior half of his land, aa often aa ether-
wise ; together wilh the loss of a portion
of bis labor, in many instances.
.Such a stato of things is greatly to be
deprecated ; and though I have in com
mon with my fellow citizens felt the smart,
and experienced Inconvenience and em
barrassments of tlie present Indian war ;
yet I would prefer just such anothsr, af
ter the existing one is concluded, to the
conditio our beloved country would be In.
It it useless to expatiate on the almost
universal, and interminable enmity and
strife, which would prevail in every neigh'
borhood : between aaints and sinners of
every grade, high and low, rich and poor,
Ignorant and wise. What a disruption of
all thono ligaments which bind society to
gether I Nor would the breach of friend
ship be repaired, il would fee at long at
At fartiet lirrd, and be handed along to
Now is there no way to escape ao dread
ful a disaster, so great a calamity T Sure
ly, surely, if the people say ao ; the ob
ject can at once be accomplished. Tk
torrtlgn people, have the right, and I be
lieve they have the trill, if those to whom
they look for suggestions and arrange'
menls, would vigilantly and promptly dis
charge their duty.
Suppose then, Mr. Editor, that at the
next Jnno election, a column is opened or
and againit a leghlationlo secure to each
claim-holder 040 acres of land, as he now
holds it, until tho lands of this Territory
ere brought Into market; and that the
legislature be instructed to memorialize
Concreu. (provided only 330 acres of
Isnd should be donsted) to grant to the
clsimliolder a pre-emption right on the
other half of his section, at the minimum
price, and thereby give to the occupant
an opportunity of purchasing the balance
of his six hundred and forty acres, aa he
now holds It.
Such a legislation In prospect, aa would
secure to each man the quiet and unmo
lested possesion of his entire claim, un
til the lands were brought into market,
would but be doing justice to the expec
tations of this whole community, whilst
its neglect would be doing great Injustice
to ourselves. And provided the general
government should not grant pre-emption
rights, as above suggested, the claimant
wonld have an opportunity of gelling
choice of halves, and of t lading tho oth
er half to hla own aatisfuctlon, so it could
be occupied amicably. Such a law would
be a great ptate maker.
Justice to ourselves requires that some
thing bo done ; harmony and good order
of society also require it j and it is alto
That it would be beneficial to all, and
injurious to none, will not be denied by any
gentleman of any intellectual calibre
I repeat, that juttict, requires these pre
cautionary measures, to secure to any
and every man his home, unmolested and
It la a notorious fact that many gentle
men now in Oregon, told first rate farm
for a bear outfit to this country disposed
of their farming utensils household fur
niture and numerous other artioles of con
venience, for a mere trifle ;. and are now
almost entirely destitute, unablt to help
themselves with crippled and depressed
spirits; 'chafed wilh tba keen remem
branoo or better days still struggling
with adversity, hoping that at least, a lib.
oral donation ol land, may to soma partial
extent, compensate for all thett sufleriogs
They loo, remember tba dancer, tat
dlftoultlet, tba aaxtatlat, tad tha unheard
of tolls, which the mora to this country
Kostibemi and Wlwiaatiuid
vilo enough, In lb fact of all shea stab
born facts, to say that just lot dot not de
mand for es oil settler 040 aorta of land)
Nor would it prevent the country from
being densely populated. How toon
would tracts of land be divided and told
to more oppulent emigrants ; enabling tba
poor pioneer lo pay his debts, and pur.
chaso a new suit for himself and his half
naked family. Il would make many re
spectable and useful citizens, and giva a
grace ana consequence to lanuiiestWno
are Incapable of rising superior to their
But, did we regard it only aa a puce
meaturt, such a Initiation would be worth
all the trouble and expense Incident to its
accomplishment. Who can estimate the
value of peace, In a whole community ;
and a community too, as Isolated aa ours
ut off from all the other nations of tba
earth, and aa yet, thrown entirely upon
our own scanty resources.
And remember that when tha general
peace, and amicable relatione, and Inter-
course are destroyed, the sterol of socie
ty are alto destroyed.
One suggestion more. Query -wouJa
It not be better to convene tha legislature,
to consider theae mature Immediately t
P. 8. If you or your patrons should
have any thing better to propose, we
should be proud rosea it, anon; do'nt
withhold lu V. P.
In pursuance of previous notice the cit
izens of Clatsop convened at the house of
Mr. Raymon, for the purpose of ascertain
ing how many persons oouM be obtained
to volunteer for tha service of the amy in
tha Indian country. A. E. Thompson
being called to the chair, and O. W. BeH
deputed to act aa secretary. Col. Tay
lor was called upon to explain the object
of the meeting ; after which a few perti
nent remarks were eeverally mad by
Messrs. Hall, Raymon and Taylor.
On motion of Col. Taylor, a cceronhte
o h'.et persons was appointed 'to obtain
all the arms and ammunition that can be
obtained in tbla settlement for the use of
our army, and deposits tba aarot at this
place by A o clock to-morrow morning.
Messrs. Owens, Kindred and Condit were
appointed said committee; after which tba
following preamble and resolution waa in
troduced by Col. Taylor and unanimously
Whereas, fears are entertained by many
of our citizens now in the army, of lotting
their land claims by being jumped by oth
Therefore, Resolved, That we, clusaaa
of Clatsop county, feel called upon to re
pel any such attempt to take the advan
tage of those who art fighting tbe battle
of our country, for our protection aad
rights and that we will endeavor to hold
Inviolable all our soldier's claims, while
they remain in the service of the country.
On motion, Resolved, That all who feel
willing to go into their country's service
by enlisting In the army, come forward
and enter their names; whereupon, tbe
following persons handed in their name
S. B. Hall, D. H. Triader, John Richey,
R. W. Morrison. N. A. Everman.
The following resolution being Introdu.
ced by Mr. Thompson waa unanimously
Resolved, That while we view with en
lire approbation the war waged with tbe
murderersof our fellow citizens, and sin
cerely desire a vigorous prosecution of the
same, we sincerely hope that when our ar
my calls upon us for donations of ammu
nition and provisions, that they are not. to
he spent in inactively and Don Quixotio
battles, but will be used in bringing tha
war to a speedy close.by a total cxtermlna.
tlon, if necessary, of the whole Cayusa
tribe, without show of mercy.
Resolved, That tha company leave for
the place of rtnd;vous at 8 o'clock to
morrow morning, or aa soon thereafter a
On motion, it is adopted that a copy of
these proceedings be furnished each of tha
newspaper printed at Oregon City,
On motion, (ha mealing adjourned, tk
' A. B. THOMPSON,
O. W. Bxu, Seo'y.
April 18th, 1848.
Wait will nur twrrTmitf Il
Is tstlmatad tbe number of emigrant u
tha United Butts and British Colonies for
INT, would exceed 400,000.
ed Rifle Company, of tba aorttrwati part
of Linn County, met at tba house of Jam
Knox, Esq. for training, and eteetlaga
Captain, First Lieutenant, Orderly Btr-
geant, and oat Duty Btrgtaat, to fit! lb
place of those wbot tie badtaalM.
After the exercise were over, tha Ctav
pany returned to tht houtt, aad proceed
ed to business.
The Company btiog called to order by
Anderson Cox, Etq. and the tajtat f ta
meeting being briefly stated by OraavllU
H. Baber, it waa moved aad aapatrttd
that officers be elected to fill tba pit of
J. M. MoCoanel, Captain; O. IL Baber,
First Lieutenant; Aadertoa Con, s Order
ly Sergeant j aad Jeremiah Drift, Do
ty Sergeant, resigned.
Whereupon, OraavllU H. Baatr waa
duly elected Captain; Jeremiah Drifgt,
First Lieutenant; J. M. McCoraai, Or
dtrly Sergeant; and IaaocTrtornptoa, Du
ty, Sergeant Peter Beakh aad Was. Ban.
pMMi Ml FMlgMOa
On, motion or Wat. Bttsataa it .waa
moved aad carried that tab Coraaaay at
aanad tba Wasalngtoa Oaarda at Liam
On motion of Aadtrtaa Cos, Esq. it was
moved and seconded, that some person bt
arraagiaiiaW.aasafUllaeM,, kkjm, 9'!fmWm(M
appoiottd togive the EdUorof thaOrfUi,.) A qaaatky aaEsltat aWtwa
gon Spectator, tbe proeesdlnge of tbViTb xpaee.of carryusg tb water.
meeting, with tbe requeat to have it pub.
lished ia hi paper. Whtrtapoa Wav
Stepbta was duly alaetsd to do said Basi
nets. Also k waa thought attt that hi
Excellency tbe Governor, ba raqatstsd to
commisaion said osaotra.
April Utb, 188.
DowaaT-Tba beat aowanr ta advaae
tbe marriage of a y ouag lady bj waaa
at naa in ner eouataaaaot asiiaaaasi in
her speech wladoea; fcajttr btbavtour
; aaa ta atr uia trmat-rsav
(ttT A young girl
of age, waa asktdby
i, awum " j i
aa ataetat, now largt
aba supposed bar
ao treat the bet'
aad yat so kindl;
fl-Tba epltheu applied ta tba aria.
clpal cities of Italy, are as fellows :
Rome, tht holy; Naplee, the noble ; Ven
lie, the rich; Padua, tht learned; Bo
legne, the fat; Milan, the grand; Ra
irnna, the antique; Leghorn, the mer
cantile ; Verona, the charming ; Lucca,
the polished; Floreaot, tba beautiful ;
uaaoa, toe auparo.
(rBv rubbuM red hot iron with' tba
bora of a sheep, It will bt coated with a
duraot aaa abusing ataok varawi.
" Theraar various keys," said a young
man to anothsr. such aa sul-ksy. bul-key
and rla-key, but tba only key to your heart
"It may be so," replied tlie other, "but
I oeiy anytntng to reaon your nean out
JOHNSON ON nomuzKws.
Fran lbs New Ysrk FansM Mtebsale.
Use ! am aw m Mtoaawe.
SoU teilk ether Mknurtt.
Salt and its. With a mixture of salt
and lime, a manure b gradually formed
of a most powsrlul deeoriptioa. Il prees
ises now, ibrougKih successful example
or Mr. Bennett hd Sir C. Burrall, to bt
vtry generally adopted. It It dirfloult to
account for the neglect of thltmannre, on
aay other ground than tha aimoultles
which ware ao long thrown in the rarsaer'a
way, by tba long oaatinued tax upon salt.
That it io not a novel plan for enriching
tb land Is quite certain. Glauber, a eel-
ebrated German chemist, on of tht last
of the alchemists, desoribed itlnlht jsr
gon of his craft nearly two centuries
awos,whsn be said, The aat aursMis,
(oommon aalt,) as it is of itself, la, by raa.
toa of iia oorroduur virtues, which il as
ytt retalat, plainly unfit for tbe multipll.
cation of vegetable, Jbr that Ulng soused
woura prove more nunrui inan proauaie.
Upon this aeeoaat k is aeeeasary that to
one aan or it aa ssesa two part ay
weight of the best calyx via (Matt,) Walea.
being asoiswaed with water aad satsaa lav
to balls, are to ba well basted rtdJwr m
aa hour, that so all the coroeirky hatof
iatrevrted. the sal aaVaaflf
aat to. taa
Chrttsahtrftwhawha, to 1M attb-
aaa uasa this mixture af aalt aaa Matt
" nr taa auncniag or poor aaa earram
jatattf,aiid aaea ta vaastasisa
Tarsal tasdlslas i for it
tracusg Ibree, asm lostttt It
beetle rad W." GasaWr
v -j. bm, ' m " v.
maV ta BaamJy aat t mkSV&E
ak aad liana waa umimiimmmMf
Mr. Mteaati, ar Ayr, saaaw jama
aad he not katwlag what train h
with this fenWaerlwaWaait tea,
arte! Mmtelf Bt
, Tab M aaxMa rfJissa,
with tta-walar, frsvbamslyj
saturated state., iia j
cleat for aa aora w grotaaVi
either thrown oat af tba aattt
re! arar tha ksad la tba
eeasaost with )
ar earth, in watch atata k ,wUt bt
pay fully for tha
ttJHctaat vot aaj
aarbnasts af aaaa.
It, bat aapselally what
whisk k baa beat aat
, It Art-aaW af .samaar'a
agt aad aklata-k tM wid
atry drtaatafT'aM wkk
paritoa wHn, T
waata aad daac
tba avataam of tba awatV
Mr. autcatu calculate taas aaasj aaa.
km of tea-water, boiled awwa
aWamHoas, irffl slack M baaMs sfaM
s.ttl'anaUta asms MIlLt. ,mt
tb tea. tha traaorstiea. drc. ha adds.
wUloot9tsj. Tba afVaaaeJsof lias.
stoat east bis 4aa- ar t. itr taw aat
Taa aaa of jais saataatw. af aak
Haa waa also aatiaad to tha nu iMM,'
ny atr. Mottutgaaama, ar y-aartt;
caaairs;wbo obttrvst tt)m
tat raaause kaU kasJaavaaT
sprlaas ar aak wl
wut aava aaaataaai
taaH fwatah ts a aamtait af
lkas, alaaaUat' aad ata)jBKaw44aa
ariaaa aaarl waa aawa ysaiaaa aww wawaaaw
rhaat atr atr aasratkaa that intato
bich tba wawiwitxarl waa asaaiaawic'
It mar aa wH ta rataaasastTswaf a
brated aalt tsati of, It3avv Barbar'
on which t
is rjoea posed of M atr aaat.'af t
of Haw ; and that, hi thaaaiirTwakiaf
tbe lata . aaaaaaa usimiaiat, watat
potato, of t ataaaraa, as amattkaa af
maaures. salt aad Uaas wia tsaaa sasiri-
or in wav proaoci oi swatasaa ttt
, . a . i. - k Ta
" o ...
Evtry fcrmtr aaa R tolas aewer,
in tba moat ialaad akaaikwa. toaaaawsw
thia moat saaallsl assauia m lha was af
hUfana, by ataaaa a aaJataM f tttw
sans or una aaa aaa pan ar taaaaaa
aah, aad aaftr k la ijaaaa Mtlwirawl
to a akasr atwa. ar awrarsa wtmt
aorSsaaaaahi a taaa ataaatai t
PaTrsafmsjaFaV am amsTsmtaWxawB .VBamBmamamamamamm
are tarawa, the whale ajaaa' aaaaaaryaat
ooraing mcruetd with alkali 'Thasals
another adviawgt ta ha isataa pmm aha
aaoatioa oi tats proceas, ataiass.as sanaam
tioa of eoda, tIx., thai tht awriata af Maaa
ia oat or tat most dMyBesag m
tujvumorvung twttMttit s
are aoauatalad s aatv la
whenever It existalna aaU. the '
tba sun has, ia summer. rausfa.ltesTJ
enoe on it than It would otberwistha
I would ssp selslly warn thaaewhelry
tbe ewbet of a mixture af aak aaa) Mate,
to attend carefully to the txraettons I hare
girts them, and not, as some fcnasra hare
done, to use tba mixed tall aad I (aw laaaaa.
dUulv, before any dtooinpntltlaa haa kw
kea Blaoe. 'After k baa baaa wtM aalata
to remaia two ar taws meaike tjataatairhaa,
aad then apply at tha rewaf aaa ft ta.M)
buaaala per acre, either by sswtog kaat
of a seed basket, or mixed wkk earth aad
bsiteaed by any simple srostss.
sau mnm sm. emit aaa atver
M .. .MT A .. "
emnloved with ether subalaaaea aa" i
taioee, mixaa wita eana, eamaaeasamfm
aad with soot, with lha asstatiaa4aw
ots; taa alaaas wears H aaa taaa) aaa
apjdUd hetiWieueh saasrlsr, hath to tf
aearaaea aal aiadaas. k'tpSfn
Tha aHatara af sakwkhssati
tha BMat; tretrtuhahto'
baihal' aameaa, MaallBaayt
waaa traaeaeti late !
tha asali amajtitiv
thm'taaa af aarrato air Mis'ai'staat'
easaatMar." ' as
taM WL m
itkr 1 aa-. '3
Hsotjgb averts reduced aSxaa,-"litlMBW
aaaaat aasaa ata jaaaatetamLaaatoaattMC
lias, auatral alkali, ia aa amsaanaJaai
state, also rauriatt aad
All taa taparlsjiBts bava isas
(araaalataewaaal way. atlsaai
to give the atlatare tkaa, skwe tha
aeaition nrooeeas vtry siewly, aad
team warn m aatmara rr rassay awamamwri
aalt, saait it asaaMMfaff agsm MMmMk '
,sUmus crt "rl
, a, aita.il S.
sywaTtfaaty ;l "M
i V3t'2-:'"i 1&
v- " r . -
HUaaaV .v- ,-raataJa