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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View This Issue
. ftfiv 31
A "A- .
. i '. .5
Irntlof 1'oaC ,
rti oubliih a reoeri
t 1r ,
of Mr. Calhoun'i
mad at Charleston
tho orator himelf; ' ,K has
nn In'tlio duW
nrnm wiu open
OWtttMl of i
Inkrn arid de-
I i' k'.-t rum'
ltf&$vffi'jti&Mil' - li ,'.WM
" Urn. No man can be nla
9AlV-AtaJ''7A--' i'yv' '5i?
o Mr. Calhoun without foel
'i . r . r ... -
'i i ."ji r y :. n
.'J Til J! f.-f;Vn i
'm rormen iraniiy
On looking over thin authentic report of Mr.
Calhoun's speech wo find ttirt the ulmtract wo
copied from ono of tlio Charleston prints, pub.
lished tlio day after Its delivery, gavo wry
fairly its essential point. Thero Ik ono topic,
however, on which tho full report of the
speech expresses so much decision and en
orgy that w'o must copy tho passage. Mr.
Calhoun, near tho closo of his speech, says :
" Henceforward, let nil party distinction
among us cense, no long an tho aggression on
our rights and honor shall continue on the
part of the non.slavcholdlng states. Let tw
profit by tho cxamplo of the abolition party,
who, an small an they arc, have acquired ho
much influence by tho course, thoy have pur
Wed. Ah thoy make tho deal ruction of our
domestic institution tlic parauiount'qucstlon,
so let Un make, on our part, U safety the
paraniquiil question. TM)Mljgjkrt etffr'y"
map of our party, who standeaap in its do
fenco ; and every ono oh against un, who does
not, untd aggression censes, it is thus, and
. i 7'.
tlcal, nritf except' under extraordinary cir-1 your unsolicited nomination of ma tetfthw
curnHtanccs, cannot expect tho' support of high appointment, nor to tho Senate, jhf its
nuy InrL'c clans in tho community. It is for i instant and unanimous confirmatioiiof H, adr
the House of Repreaentativca for m three
tin's reason that tho abolitionists are few in
niinilorn ; it is for thin reason that the anti.
mnsonic party had so fecbld and short an ex.
istenco ; it is for this reason that thomativista
cannot, with all their struggles, cnlargo their
party, and find themselves growing weaker
every day. Thoy who build at VcnJoo do
not think of making a house stand upon a sin.
glo. pile in tho middlo of tho ground floor;
they fill tho wholo space which forms its foun
dution Willi piles' closely driven. To form tho
basis of u great party, a broad and compre
hensive system of principles and measures is
nccf ssary; on no other can it stand, or stand
ground so narrow that we shall hardly ex
pect to sec it outnumbering that oi tho party
ut the North which he has taken as his oat-
t ...... i
thus only, that wo can detenu our rights, ' tern.
maintain our honor, insure our sntcty, and
command respect. I ho opposite course,
, . Washington City, March 0, 1847.
K Sir I have given,t?your letter of the flth
iaatanttbe eonnderatiofAwhich its importance
demands. la tendering to you the appoint.
tnent of Major General of the army, I earn.
estly desired that the oountry should bare
the advaat&re of vmir oosweded ahilitr mmi
muMrtty witn the langugo and political
which would merge tlicin in the temporary
and mercenary party struggle of the duy,
would inovitalily degrade mill nun us.
" If wo bliould provo true to ourselves am
I 0 J The following in Ilia comepondence telstiro to
die iimxmitmenl of CoL lif nton as Major Ucseru la
the l). Hlatra army, u it appeared in ue Waihiactoa
Union und Intelligencer:
Washington City, March 10, 1847.
Sir l'leoso to receive, as a mark of mv
our peculiar domestic Institution, wo shall be rcspCCt, a copy of tho following letters, which
great and prosperous, let what will occur, j explain the circumstances under which I do-
There is no portion or tho globauioro abun-iciino toaccoft tho appointment of Major Gen.
dant in resources agricultural, manufac craj ;n t10 army.
t urine nnd commercial than that possessed
by us. We count among our productions tho
great staples of cotton, rice, tobacco and su
gar, with tho most efficient, well fed,-well
clad, and well trained body of laborers for
their cult irtttai. In addltW to furnishing'
abundant means for domestic exchanges
among ourselves, and with tho rest of tho
world, nnd buildinir up flourishine commer.
cial cities, they would furnish nniplo resour
Ucspcctrully, sir, vourobt. servt.,
THOMAS H. BENTON.
To Hon. Mr. , of tho U. S. Senate.
Washington City. March 016(47.
Sir Without waiting far the formality of
being presented with tho commission of Ma
jor General in tho army of tho United States,
I think it right to inform you at onco that my
nccentancc or refusal, of that lii'h anrjoint-
ccs for revenue. Hut fur !o it from us to de- mRni will depend entirely upon public and
in nnrnu'ii rfnnnr-i'H fnr the ...:! ..nr.,.i. !..-:.... r ...l.:..U .... ....
sire to be forced on our own resources for tho
trotoction. Our object is to preserve tho
Fniou oflhcFO States, if it can bo done con-
national considerations, of which vou. your
self, will be tho judge. Personally, I can
liuvc no wish lor this ofiico ; hut if you be
sistcnlly with our rights, safety, and jicrfeci cvc t),at I Can bo ofscrvico to tlio country,
equality with other members of tlio Union, j j UIII willing to forego all private considora
On this we havo a right to insist. Less we tions seiiafnto myself from my fumily, un-
cannot take. der painful circuiustunccs; resign my plnco
Looking at tho samo time to our safety ; ,10 Senate, which is so dear to me and
and the preservation of tho Union, I regard it proceed immediately to tho thcatro of war.
n fortunnto that tho promplitudo nnd uiiaii. My only stipulation would bo for tho powors
imity on our part, nccessnry to secure tlin one, which I deem necessary to sucet-a; and
are equally so to pre.scrvo the other. Delay, theso would bo both militnry and diplomatic
decision, and want of union among ourselves, i ,l0 command of tho army, and authority
would, in all probability,, in tho end, prove fa- l0 ;, preliminaries of peace, "based upon
tat to uoin. aiio uuiigcr in ui u UW..H.H.,, terms previously approved by you.
times virtual election of mo to he the com-
mandor-in-chicf of the army in Mexico.
1 Ilcsricctfully, sir, your friend- and fellow.
itizen, , THOMAS H. BENTON.
IV IIIU JTS1ESIU1UIT.
the Japanese jHlMi"
lnrm japan is uw wj
and is a ftiMttest of con
They meet, ail the patty;
portion of Wa
if he doaaaet .),
dishonor eo thtt
parties who oaarm
ixy's play of it a wa'doj'.aaj
corresfioodence to tsdAkili lai J
convince the world sf whs aatahtl
reTenge,,taaea bat Wii''aVsjisr'8Bl'
WTowh lyra :liajT:ll ,
knowa befoiV, that.
- n. t . .
bet: you to bcliovo, sir, that nothinc self.
isli or personal dicttcs this proposed stipula.
lion. Thero is n .iich thine in it. It pro.
reeds from a thorough conviction that, with a
. t. l .-.! !. I.a ..(
Whether WO regniu our naieiv in inu jutwi-
ration of tho Union, which cafniot lm safely
tampered with. , If not met promptly and do
Mcdlv. iho two portions of tlio Union will
gradually become thoroughly alienated, when fiuloriliiinte coinmand, I could do no good in
un nlteniativo Will be left to IIH, OS tho Weaker t, nr1V! nn llm imitrnrv. tlinl mw tirraxnon
ofthe two, but to sover nil political ties, or' ,l(.ro would bo impropor and mischievous;
sink down Into abject submission. It is only for I nm known, from my public speeches, to
tyttaklng an early and decided stand, while ,is,,iirove tho plans, both of tho lato and tho
tho political ties are still strong, that a rally j,rt!S(,nt coinmandor, (tho dofensivo policy of
oftho sound and patriotio of all jmrtions of tho oll0 nml ,,0 San juan of Ulua attac of tll0
Union can bo successfully niudo to arrest mi other,) nnd this being known, my presence
dire an alternative." would oporato as an implied censure on tho
Thcro is no ambignityMn tins language. two gcnorals, ani might mako me, in spito
Tho poiati which. Mr. Culhoun woald inake i of ,nysciff tho nuciue8 0f discontent and in
tho basis of a political party is distmotly laid subordination. Tho command oftho army,
ilnwn. The citizens Oftho StatOS in Which iw.rnfnrn. i. tlinnnlv million nnciillnn wl.lnl.
a ..f & MMHMna1 AwlM4ml Irk 4tt Iv !.
slavery cxibis are raniuauv uuni;.. .. j COuki noiu in it.
a Baity asaaciation. for tho purposo ot per-
r initiating laaiiinamunon, wmii-ik
.fTflSoa'and safety tho object .to which all othor
OHbtio measures aro to do suooruinmo. tt o
shall not, on this occasion, make any com
mnnu nn tlin worthiness of tho object, viowed
either in its mpral wspoct, or in tho light of
tho great prlncipleaof Individual liberty. Wo
merely hero remark that Mr. Calhoun, in ta
king tlM abolitionists as hia example, seems
to have overlooked the fato whioh usually at
tends parties formed to carry a singlo mca
aura of public polloy. Parties founded upon
a singlo idea, with a view to one object, to tho
nooses of one measure, aro necessarily fana-
Authority to conoludo a peaeo, or at least.
to aign tho preliminaries of peaoo, I deem
nigniy csscnuai 10 success, aa it would cna
bio Alio Commandor-in-Chiof to take instant
advintago of all passing events, military or
poliucal, to closo the war.
Furnished with theso powors, I am willing
to make tho saorifioe, and to inour tho rcspon
sibilithsof this high command'; but I loavo
it to you, sir, for your free aud final decision;
considering it as a national question, amj u
now ono, on whioh there is no oommitment,
on either side, in anything that has pawed.
Whatever may bo tho decision, my thanks
and gratitude w ill not be the leas to you for
.immediately after your nomination as Ma
jor General had been unanimously confirmed
by tae Senate, I carefully examined the ques
tion, whether I possessed the power to desig
nate you a junior Major General to tho
chiefcommand of tho army in tho field. Tho
result of this examination is, I am constrain
ed ts say, a settled -conviction on my mind,
thaf such power lias not been conferred upon
me py tho existing laws.
I am fully sensible oftho exalted patriot-
ismjwhich could alono have induced you to
rriawi the personal sacrifices to which you
would1 bo subjected, in assuming even the
chiefcommand of the army in Mexico; aad
I duly appreciate the reasons you have as-
MTnii AM whickjaay.!- JttrpmemUjo
rlrofn accepting your appointment aa Major
utncrai. it, on further reflection, such
8hou!a"be your decision, I shall learn it with
I am, with high considerations,
Vcryespectfullv, yourobt. scrvt.,
James k. polk.
To Maj. Gen. Tuoius II. Dsston, Waihiogton City.
Wasuinoton, Tuesday Evening, )
March 0, 1847.
Sir four letter of this day's dato is just
received ; and seeing do reason 'for farther
reflection, and wishing to avoid all delay in
officering the army, I have written a note to
the Adjutant General, to bo delivered at his
office in the morning, declining to accept tlio
ppointment of Major General in tho army
i kindly offered to me by you, and aa honor
abhf bonfirmed by tho Senate.
Iliavo the lionor to bo, air, with great re
spect, your friend and fellow-citizen,
THOMAS H. BENTON.
To the PaEstoENT. ,
WabainotonCity, Tuesday Evening, )
, March 9, 1847.
Sir I had tho honor to receive your note
oftho Oth instant, with the commission of Ma
jor General in the army, and dolayed the an
swer of acceptance, or non-acceptance, until
I should receive an answer from tho Presi
dent to a note which I addressed to him in tho
morniug of that day. That answer is now
received, and enables me to answer your
note, and to say, that the commission is not
Pleaso accept, sir, my thanks for the kind
terms of your note, and for tho thousand cour-
tosias-whieb you have extended to jtno in the
course of our long and friendly acquaintance.
' Most truly and respectfully yours,
THOMAS H. BENTON.
To Adjutant General Joints.
Rumor says that'tho following was the di
vision In tho cabinot on tho question of acce
ding to Mr. Bcuton's conditions of acceptance
of the post of Major General :
AYMCayo Jolihson, Postmasier.Gcnoral,
and Nathan Clifford, Attornoy-Genoral 3.
It. J. Walker, oftho Treasury, and John Y.
MaiorioflhoNaVy-3. . ,
MsMpsMalMajpwswipir a sjsjsjh
Rl IWSPTSSS jT-,
stair to latent '.
ataW - - Sf
some time since arrives alii
after alighting from his hofMb,wst
travellers room, wberonnvni
and forwards Sot some. iicna.v
utmost self-imoortance. .At lancth hia
the bell, and upon the waMayV ajaa'iaitW;
gave ntm an, order aa ionowa- :t Tr
"I am a man of lew wotMmiimJm
to be continually, ringing tan neM . mhIiw
bing the house; III thank 'jmpjJ$mj&,
tion to what I say." ' " " '""'"
"la the first plaeo grra mm. ajias r'af
brandy and waff (), wnat a. Istt I a ssmisj,
and throW aoaaa coate lfaiay wtjm
down tae heamatnsgTnnn; swajaw y
tie sealing wax, and Jotino
the post net out': tell the 0
of my hone, drnajywalVatoarMn
and let me know wnen' nwa raasrr in
AwIam Ottn ii1iaiallSlWI tlSllll 4aM kaVSnatSVJSjk BBSBft ak'i
bed, take care that the sh4s as wall
and out a nisrht oa aa4:sikaai ctTnra
tho room ; send the boots w1tiuiMnrafa)ia&
rsrs that I can walk to tbeataatttt ;;tail aani
must have my bodta oleantid aadlhraaajhi
into tho room to night, and J shall want fat
bo called at five o'clock in the aaatniag; aak
your mistress what I eaa.hafW)fjsraaMart
tell her I should like to have ariaat inatt
something of that sort; dasire yaur
to step in, I want to aak Mm a iew
about tho drapers of this tewHi" ' Jr.t
Tho wakev answered 'Yea BtT,VaMh1ln)Bi
went to tho landMrdmad told Mm aVst agsav;
tleman in tbo parlor waated a great aaany
tilings and among the mat ho wanted aiav;
and that was all Tie couW reoolloat. '. . .
Onward flows the stream .of J
smooth and still, and silvered with'
now dark and anary bbillaf jil
ing on through caverns,- anoToTar
tho ocean. of Eternity. A treat.
launched upon its bosom, aUoHngj'
fmn haven. Here the Driaoelr.'aai
man, thero the frail sbalW-there 'taw ahas''
terco craii oi ago, were ,
youth. HoW many hare sank-
um AaoI n wrooL-J-how &W will
storm and be safely ,inoot)jatr'
end Hope tuts ner lurmg oeamn
lance loguiuo autno ria;v w
upon tho rocks.
"RnsaiA akd CttxiaaU?-ilt
TOllCI IU UUI BH w aKnnns
is'nointr on 'between the
rnislaha. ' Tho orisfln of
oA and natnralone; OHomaii
rendered Circawiat'o Rui4y
ihn Clreaaslans with areat ! uaan
the'richt oftho SurtaVio transit
anv Eurooean oowaj ' It'hai
. . r.. ,.L.Snin
war wnicn nussta' naipeen'
wiain"forlo'voral. years.- -Th
Journal,' in a r'tV-raooiTela'
nwa Jaw TccflntattfasWnoa. frosw'
that tha'waatWr'Kas'nat-'iia anisic
military opcratio&s'ia taCausadaasl
'll a LstW '
v W ant.
tfS tVld ?! t 4
"'t.pi1 m tm
" . w. L11
.-. 1 -! '--
" iivVi lea
:k ' '-lo ,. 'Mil
fr"6 i. .. ?a
t . i"
A V . w Hit
.f . ..,!sa