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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View This Issue
Military Lira im Amsrica Sudordina-
TiojCte m Militia to tub Laws. Tlio
pecpfepf foreign countries havo hitherto en.
tortained a very erroneous idea or the etti
cieuoy andduWipUnoofour military strength
and the meruit of bur militia and voluntcort.
Accustomed to standing armies, and the con
tinual exhibition or tlioir tyrannical and
rlgoroas military code, they have no idea
(bat men accustomed to liberty, in the broad
at atone of the farmto act and speak as
tfcey aJeaeear 1aelf ipkHmMnYrriAnMUn.
tieaa-men wr are democrats, born and nur
tured under democ iracy can ever bo qtiali
fed to atake good soldiers or submit to the
rules and regulations of war stringent and
arbitrary aa they must noceasarily always
be, in "order'to secure tho punctual and
prompt obedience of subaltorns to their su
periors. Thus we hear them speak of raw militia,
uadisofpliaed mobs, and all that sort of thing,
when they alludo to our military strength.
Never were people morn wofully decoiv
ed. They forget that there it no analogy
between a republio and a monarchy they
forget that a standing army of tin- rnngiii
tudeof those in the employ of monarchical
governments is entirely inconsiMeiit witli
the genius of our people ami institutions,
aad Out tho latter could not exist in the at-
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directed ; and peace and harmony were im
mediately restored. ,
This respect to regularly constituted au
thority on the part of our people, is console
iiouh in civil as well as military life, we
need no soldiers to guard our banks or courts
of justice. Tho former require no special
security at all, and an imbecile old man with
nothing hut u stun" is sufficient for the latter.
A rescue is seldom thought of, and never at
tempted nt tho execution of a man who has
forfeited his life to the laws of the country.
Tin- ttwful iudL'inent is inflicted, without call.
ing in tho aid of the military, by till? sheriff
and his denudes.
might pursue the subject in all its
m undent iniw. urn! nrnve that as Ion a is the
tnoapaere of a regular standing urn.y, for jlltciiJgciieo of the people is prevalent'and
-. .iwjiesj-ww iinjjuiui uiiiu, uui """ .oncfarn' It is,ou
sooasink under the gradual but certain en- olir military .strength
croacBmcois mat uio miiuury, hi msiorj n)y .;uro,.Un count
proves, would make on the civil institutions
of the country. The intelligence of Ameri
cans, and the example of otler countries,
teach thctp this ; and while the arc ready
to rush to their country's l!a tr at tin- fir-t
Washington's visit to Bostom. Tho
following from 'Sullivan's Lectures on pub
lie characters,' gives some idea of olden
Hnnntl of tlm ilriitii. forxakm-' their niiratiit.x lures. I lie starcli ot the eolcbrated menot
uud callings for tho purpose th'j watch "ii would Uj suddenly shaken out of them,
wilh a Jealous ovo any iiieasurc'thal hu if they lived in these jostling days.
tho remotest tendency to create a staciiiigi In 171), President Washington visited the
army. ' l'aftcrn States. I io travelled in a post
Tlwv have always proved theinse.ves to-Vchaiso with four horses: ho was accompanied
'. . ' .! . . . i... - i..,.i..,. rirr...:r.t c..v ..-j
to ue auciiiato io uny emergency, cmier i'v ."j' ,i"ui """" .- j w
suppress domestic insurrection or ueieat a y iuiiwi)cur,iHpm.iu ovurciary ,anu
-Our citizens aro nwure that when they
doff their civic dross, und assume the hahili
incnts of war in defence of their firesides
and Jltojjajrof clr country; they have to
fliibinit to restraints which tho circumstances
that call thorn forth impose upon them, and
.Beautifui Extract. At the recent meet
inr, in New Orleans for the relief of the
Irish sufferers, the Hob. 8.-S. Prentlsi made
a speech, from which we take the following
beautiful extract :
"There lies upon tho other side of the
wide Atlantic a beautiful island, femous in
story and ', in. song. Its area is act so great
as that of tho State of Louisiana, while its
population is almost half that of the Union.
It has Riven to the world more than its share
of genius and of greatness. . It has bean pro
lific in sUtesa warriasi.aad sees: Its
,ntrv.-iN'. Y. Herald. SSfcl??'?,,,?Tal; wh!,e " hl
unu us mnivyy, moves u icars uy lis street
but melancholy pathos. Into this fair re
gion God has seen fit to send the most terri
ble of all those fearful ministers who fulfil
hjs inscrutable decrees. The earth has fail
ed to give her increase ; the corrimori mother
bos forgotten her offspring, and her breast
no longer affords them their accustomed
nourishment. Famine, gaunt and ehastly
famine, has seized a nation with its- stran
gling grasp: and unhappy Ireland in the sad
woes of the present, forgets for a moment tho
gloomy history or tho past.
attended by hi famous man Billy, who
nukes a conspicuous figure in tho forged let
tors which Washington repudiated, by a sol
cum denial, filed in the office of the Secre
tary of Statu on his retirement fronrpobttc
hie. l-rom sonic mismanagement nt tho
tunc, betuieu JJoston and Uoxbury, Wash
uhich their own judgment convinces them is1 ington was detained there nearly two hours;
necessary to success. Although our uiilita. ,ami ixpovu w r.i nunucusi winu ; oy
ry code is hot as severe as that of other j which exposure he was visited with a severe
countries, it answers the piirjiose for which iild ; main other persons wore exposed and
it is framed, and those who incur its p. nal. 'aiic ted in the Mime manner, and tho afTec
tics are suro to suffer for it. The result of nu became so general as to be called tho
this is, that an a wholu our volunteers and! Washington inlluenzn.
militia maku as goo soldiers, and are as well j Hi' amc in on horsebnek, dressed in his
disciplined, uud furle.ss disposed to he iiiuti- "Id continental uniform, with his hat off.
nous than thoregulur paid soldieis nl iiion-: He did n how to th" spectators as ho pass
archical countries. Iixamples .so.iutim.s eil, hut sat on his horse with a calm.dignifi
have to bo made, und severe punishment in- d air. He demounted at tlio Old State
liictcdoii those who uro incorrigible, hut the House, now City Hall, and eumo ut on a
rest know that it is neces-mry for the well b,.. temporary balcony at tho west end ; a long
ing of the obedient uud the preservation of; procession passed before him, whoso saluta
ordor and discipline. liJ"s he occasionally returned. A triumph-
Recent circumstances have brought out ant ure.h was erected across tho street at
thuso noblo characteristics of our people in 'that place, ami n choir of singers wpro nta
bold reliof. j tinned there. When Washington como with-
A short timo Rincc, a Southern olunteeri in hearing, he was saluted by tho clear, pow
hhoto companion in urms in a iuarrcl. !erful nieo of Daniel Ilea, who began the
Tho offender was tried by court martial, od for the occasion.
found guilty, scntoticed, ami. shut. An Kuro.j Hancock with some feeling of stalerights,
pean would hardly believe that the punish- had taken the jiosition that, as tho rcprcsen
i non t could bo carried out in this case, and ' '.alive of .sovereignty in his own dominion, ho
the way it was, without creating a w ide ' was to he visited first, oven by tho President,
apread dissatisfaction, und perhaps a general J who, on Hancock's own ground, is tho rep
mutiny of tho wholu company to which tholreseutative of sovereignty of all the States,
ntrndHr beloiurod. lint nothinir of the kind ' wheresoever ho may ho within their limits.
happened. Not a murmur of discontent oc
curred, and tho filo of soldiers selected to
perform tho unpleasant tusk of shooting their
companion did it under tho conviction thin it
was necessary for tho well k-ing of the ser
vice. Another instanco happened in 1'hilji
delphiaafcw mouths since, when thu militia
of that city woro on parade on some gala
day. A heavy shower of rain arose, which
threatened to sjkjjI the nice uniform of one
of the .companies. The captain directed
them to retire, but tho moment thu colonel of.
tho regiment perceived it, ho ordered thorn
back. Thoy declined to obey tho order,
when tho colonel ordered another company
to oppose thoir leaving tho ground drew a
lino on tho ground, with his sword, nnd gave
them fivo minutes to rttiro behind it, or (io
would direct tho other company to liro on
thorn. Thoy reflected for a moment, and
tlioir gWl intelligence told them they must
obey thoir suporior officer, and thoy did as
'ho President was made to understand that
Hancock expected the first visit. This was
not deemed proper by the President.
A uegoeiation ensued, and thore was somo
written communication", r onded in a re
fusal on tho part of tho I'.esident to see
Hancock, unless at his own placo of abodo,
which was at the comer of Court and Trc
mom streets. The delay was aftor wards
imputed to Hancock's personal debility.
On tho third or fourth day, Hancock went
in his coach enveloped in a red baize, to
Washington's lodgings, uud was borno in the
urin.s of .servants into tho house. Tho Pres
ident remained hero about a week and par
took of u public dinner, dined witli tho Gov.
eruor and attended an oratorio in King's
Chanel, on which occasion ho was dressed
in black. On his departure for Portsmouth
jio showed his regard for punctuality. Ho
gave notice that ho should depart at three
o'clock in the morning. lie left tho dcor.at
The assort not Wing ready mo bells t attjajoodMsnW ''
he weat without them; they followed and
overtook Mm on the way.
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"Why, JeC" ioquirasanold siaafaaaisi
terJYoaleeksewad apfol 'i,y&dlt'mX'
"UH, well," says jsst, rmpnj
used to it ,1 raakoa, afoe git J
action. . , . ..wajj,:
responded itm. Ton aaa.
Aiir mM iitiiM nnsjiw ssr ' w i
sleeping on our areas, at weTl l) ! Jt.
u jMaauaqsMqF ,.
in camn. and micht aa
so last night I struck a wfmm)m-Xn9
musket, with canteen for a pMelf, ajUt JIML.
awful hard sImduw. It's a aasal wis.v-bb:Im
xpectinSan enemy, taoaga, for Jatlari
wno noes au auty is sure y aeea wMjajav
wake." ' 4 ., tJbiaA
.. t 1 ff t A , .-!
-na-na-nai aunt aw
Louis Paittip's Rbminiscexcbsop Nash
yillb At a presentation of gentlemen,
at .the court or France, about fifty Ameri'
taaa weiep rastntTariibri wmm was a young
ayAnfflaatrtain Wkm tit to wteitn sOia tliA lallstM'
being presented to the King our Charge
d Attain mentioned that ho was from Ten
ncssec. "What part of Tennessee 7" en
quired the King. On being informed, he
remarked that that was near General Jack
mn's residence. He then proceeded to make
enquiries as to tho present condition of the
road between Knoxville and Nashville, and
spoke of tho Cedar Groves in this neighbor
hood, tie said when he was in Nashville,
"tho Grand Jury was m session, and the
Hotel being much crowded, the guests were
obliged to sleep three in a bed" this, ho ad
ded, was called bundling. "Is such the cus
tom now V he jocously asked. "Not at all,"
was tho reply of the young gentleman he
was addressing. "We havo become more
refined now wo only sleep two in a bed"
at which the old KingJaughed heartily.
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Efforts of Missionaries. Tho Roman
Catholics have been in China for two centu
ries. They have, at present, 8 bishops, 57
foreign and 104 native priests, and 300,000
The Protestant mission really commenced
in 1840. All that was done previous to
that timo, being merely preparatory. They
have translated the whole Bible into Chinese
and also several books and tracts. Five or
six thousand Chinese now hear, every Sab-
bathl preaching in their own language.
They -are eager for the truth, aad men and
moans are wanted to disseminate the Bible
and teach its truths.
"why don't yon lay your araat bajtie jbjuJ!?,
"Some of the other feUem M hViai
Jeff, "but I go fa for &tim)mVlUm&
DurinBtae battle f tWUilai aBeere?
the inJaatry, perceiviag
with neat faaidity. Wt
one of -these cartridaas." Piiaaty aaamJaw,
cbargedintbllie ?t Ws
the enemy nee to face. .Qaeof taaaaaa.
charged upon a Mexican, Aad Mha. ran 1
through with his bayonet, MM
"Captain, look here- I have sat
., r r ti.x. . '
nage. h.,i.ji, j , , ,.
In the battle of the ResaeadeilaKalasapaB'
a hand to hand skirmish, a aeUKarfa bay. ai
my, a quaiat Inshman, piereed a,
with his bayonet and iauneeaaauy ai
the contents qf his musket. "XbjU waataat
for," said the officer ia, .oowmindaCJ
squadrin a tone aurnllykf Ida
r .!. . uok " mUV mt
nuzzled for anabawer. "what waak mt&i
why to make a hole to get ray aajfaaajMir
One of the volunteer CMtaiM.lriiilB.dJlB'
ins his own. was addreaauMt Krai'as f'aasrr
tlemenT' "Oh, please to lay aside Taatt
gentlemen!" shouted a U. 8,'aaaarj'Satt
soldiers are men, and we don't waft tMBtdsn
be so dd gentler , . , jAWiSJ
"Weigh out that poric,'' saw aa aKar.-.ta.
two privates, pomting at, a pile frt haf
rounds. C ' Jygi V.-
"Jim," said one,te the other. kvtmtXf
thin in the Governor's reaiiiaUaitliaJaBaa
"1 don't kaow," aays Jin, .m'Jmmxmi
share when it's cooked, but ,h'ti lllaiatraT
die of blue lightaia' Ubre IfV ajsg 4sa)
grease pue. . miwmmitfxbJ?x
One man beiwr ordaaaa
barrow and carry of refaaa.
here, Mr. 0wxir, I ToUuUearaftta
Uorifonu.'-fcr Ika, Hrkiah,.(l
who don't like taa ataaj and atrh
jectto this oaargrag-aa a
Frigatb Macrdomun. The pre-
paration of this vessel to start on a mission
of meroy.to Ireland, is thus, alluded toiaa
' -Th. gtodSta. will be at the dock in-. fc rtf iilTiiS
bout a week. tocomnicnM t.kinrr In m. er. a"-Ta "'lirr .imn7 smmWmr
oo of flour and other articles oflood. Six.
teen thousand .barrels of flour wfll.bo put on
board ..immediately, and the good old frigate
will in loss than a month bo dancing across
tho ocean which alio has traversed so often,
bearing.' precious freight. The Macedonian
is almost the last ortho ships captured by
tho Americans from tlie English in tho last
nut. nuu it u a "PJ'J ri'uevuuu uimuiv
guard, made our hard wi.Viaka'.i'taa,
Our friend Capt. Church, of 'tiki
irom in army. ;a
dote, of ooufse. aad'
lustration of ohjuMtarVjaJjiJ
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