up ' i fr-iSiR 9"' Ht r r 4r KL y i & SB--, t VI ' M Interval of three daut which theu could ff obtain m food." Whon at Vancouver, ho remark, (p. 114,) "Tho party which had crossed over the Cascado mountains, wcro reported to have lout a numlwr of thoir animals ; and those who had driven thoir stock down tho Colum. bia, had brought thorn safely in." Owing to tho scarcity of food above nllud. rd to by Capt. Fremont, and tho nrcsenco of poiuonous shrub on tho Cascado moun. tains, hid latter remarks are in a comparav . tivo sotiso truo of succeeding emigrations; Having by an authority who can neither bo charged with partiality, or an over csti. , mato of the difficulties ho met with, point. cd out some of tho objections to tho present road, I Altai I briefly notice tho advantages which may result to emigrants and tho coun. ry generally, by a road crossing tho Ca. cado mountains by tho paaa.nt Mount Jcflcr. son. As at least nine tenths of succeeding emi grants to this country, must find homes south of Halcm, wo may justly add the distance from Oregon City to that place as necessary travel, which will make the whole distance to be traveled, from the Malheur to this vat. ley, (ISO miles. Tho crossing of tho Mai. heur river, is a few minutes south, and about 7 degrees cant of Salem, a degree of longi tude on the 45th parallel being a little less than 50 English miles, the 'distance on a ,.. straight line, is therofosa about 350 miles. It is a tact well known to many of the trap, pors, and to all the persons who traveled un. dor the guidance of Mr. Meek in 1645, that the valley of tho Malheur makes a good past through tho Blue mountains ; and as Crooked river, (a branch of tho DeChutes) heads with that Mrcam, and runs in a wcs. tcrly direction, a road following these streams may have the constant presence of grass and water, an advantage that every over land emigrant from the U. S. is fully able to appreciate. Allowing 100 miles to cover the neccsiary departures of a road by this route from a straight line, (a distance which I think more than sufficient) and supposing no improvement can bo made in crossing tho Cascades, wo yet have a clear gain of , xuu miles in distance, besides avoiding the almost v impassable hills of Brule and the ffitOeVntouHTalhs, and the deep sands and iJMMntv Dajiturauo'of tho Columbia. If the ' J l ;n,.munl In tk.a nvlnnl U-liink T think- none who know the country can doubt being practicable, it is evident emigrants may arrive in this valley at least three weeks earlier than they do at present. And in a climate like ours, where the long dry sum mer is suddenly succeeded by a continual fall of rain and snow, the saving of so many days may bo of vital importance. If the many valuable livei, and the im mense amount of property lost to the mi grants and to tho country, by their late arri val, is matter of regret to the mere political economist, how deeply must the humane commiserate their sufferings. " Dark and sordid" indeed must be the spirit that can seek to profit by their miseries. Z. For the O.wfon Spectator. Ma. Editor : In the 20th number of the Spectator, under the heading of " One story is good till another is told," and over the Big. nature of "Fifty-four Forty," appeared a communication which exhibits the imbecility af a poor man in his moat humiliating con dition ; but as the production gives evidence of this in every line, so far as it relates to its author, we shall leave that subject to the more candid reflections of his readers, and Croceed to show how nearsighted must be is efforts, or those of his prompters to draw the wool ovor the eyes of an enllghtenod and calculating community. The celebrated Patrick Henry has truly said, that " There arc periods in the history of man when cor ruption and depravity have so long debased the human character, that man ainks under the weight of tho oppressor's hand, becomes , his servile and abject slave ; ho licka the hand that smites him ; he bows in passive . obodience to tho mandates of the desot, and in this state of servility, ho receives his fct- tors of pcrpotual bondage" i Who can road this beautiful quotation without reflecting upon tho humiliating con- ditionof somoof our follow citiaens; they bow in passivo obedienco to iiok me nanus 5 of theij oppressors ; where could wo look for i moreWdonee of thii than in the eommunL " . - -J lj..tn It la mmlA kw canon unuer gusiwowwm. historians, that Philip of Maoedon, colored his argument with cold, and with this kind of wisdom confounded the statesmen of Athens, struck their orators dumb, and in this way argued them out of their liberties. Has Oregon no oxamples of this kind 1 Let its condition and the communication under consideration answer the question, and our passivo obedience will show how completely around our neoksis entwined the iron collar, and around our wrists leading strings brought about, in a great measure, by the powerful arguments used by Philip of Maco don. To effect a chango in this, tho wool must bo drawn off our oyen, and their silly statements, such as thoso of Fifty.four forty, exposed by mathematical calculations. Wo are indebted to theso monopolies, and this is one of the strings they confine us with. The clear profits however, arising from the sales of grain purchased this year by oao of theso companies, when placed in market, w;ill, we expect to show, amount to more than all the indebtedness of the farmors in Oregon : yet this string must continue to bind us, and win ue drawn tighter and tightor, tho more we attempt to looso it, which however, never can be loosed without the united effort of the sufferers to bring about better prices for our productions of the soil, or to receive our ne cessary supplies at prices which would afford the merchant a fair compensation for his goods ; and as long as our ignorance or si. Iciico will sanction it, we shall be insulted with the story, that they make nothing from purchasing our grain, and only take it for our accommodation ; but here is an exhibit of some of these profits made from tho pur- chose of our grain alone, to say nothing of uie six ioiu prom wmen we are aounaaniiy able to prove they receive on their goods, which alone is paid for liis wheat. For instance, the Hudson's Bay Company, which purchases more grain than all the American merchants, have received in Jk year 1846, from their farms and from 'flie citizens of Oregon, forty thousand bushels of wheat. This information, though contrary to their rules, was received from an individual whose veracity no one would question, were we authorized to give his name. For this wheat, 60 cents per bushel is given in mer chandise, if paid at Vancouver, where it is said their prices for goods approaches near.' est their cash value, rorty thousand bush els at 60 cents per bushel, would cost them 24,000, and when manufactured into flour, after paying the miller the usual toll, and receiving forty pounds of merchantable flour fsr bushel, thoy would have one million six undred thousand pouuds. This sold in the mills at 4 cents per pound, the price we know they are daily selling it for, (and that in currency of the same value of that the whcatjKU purchased with) would amount to 84,000; take from this 924,000 first cost of the wheat, and you have in clear profit 40,000, on ap investment of just 924,000 in merchandise, being one dollar clear profit on every bushel without moving it from the mills ; but if they prefer to ship it to the Sandwich Islands, as they usually do, and sell it for 910 per barrel, a price which we are informed good' flour seldom, if ever falls below. This 40,000 bushels of wheat would make 8,000 barrels of merchantable flour, after paying for grinding, and command at that price, 980,000. Mow, deduct from this the usual price of freight on 8,000 bar rels, which is 92 per barrel, 16,000 ; coop, erage, at 60 cents per barrel, the price our coopers are now manufacturing them at, would cost 95,200, leaving them a clear profit of 934,800, after defraying the usual expenses. But suppose it should be sold for 910 per barrel, its present market price at uahu, 8,000 barrels or flour attio per oar re!, would fetch 9120,000: deduct from this sum, the first cost of wheat, cooperage, and freight as above, the charge for grinding havin already been peid, and ;you have in dear profit, 974,800 from an investment of 24,000 in merchandise, sold to us at prices which we may give more attention to in a subsequent communication. If justice were done to this infant community, fifty thousand dollars at least ,of thia profit, would bo in the hands of our farmers to purchase their noc ossary supplies and to pay their debts witlTj we should then, cut loose the leading strings which now tio us down ; but this is only one' exhibit of tho tax necessity oompcla us to submit to ; we havo reason to believo that a much greater profit is realised in the tale of 924,000 worth of goods in tha purchase of thia wheat than the salo of tha Utter ex hibits; but as we are toM that "om story is good till another it told1 and m Fifty. four Forty" and myself have both Mtrfcraaljr. told our stories, I concluded :m ftMs"t call futures to mv assistance, which are as unerring as the problems nf EaoUd, east whium expose ai once ino naioiuoas asms, buggery of tho gold colored,aig anient, put in circulation by those interested, or their fawning sycophants. M. For the Oiwas fcsstsiss. -CURLING ON THE COLUMBIA. This ancient and manly gams was played on our noble stream on tho 90th iastaat, cre ating no small sensation la the locality, as being tho first exhibition of the kied a Ore. con. Tho curline stones were rather hur riedly made, but sTtho' wantiag the " jwUshef surfaco and handle," yet by the skill of the players, they were made to reeeh, tha "tee" in good style. A frieadly Basts (bast of 3 games) came off between a party of. the officers of H. B. M. S. Modest, and these of tho Hudson's Bay Coaapaay, 4 of a side, on a " rink" of 22 yards; at tha osaclasiof, victory was declared ia favor of taa Ma deste's by a majority of shots. Tha slayers were Miititfi Qfetrt. JftsW Isjr OJUsrs. Capt. Baillie, Messrs. Lows, Lieut. Coode, ( sussjstar. Dr. Gibson, ' Dr. Barolay, Mr. Grant, midsh'n. ' Grahaaw, The parties afterwards partook of Carter's fare, beef and greens on board tha Modsste, where the evening was passssTia that soafsJ and happy manner sq peculiar tq tho ftatsr. nity, and numerous curling toasts aad soags wcro given. A club to be cailad the " Van couver Curling Club" was proposed o be instituted, andcordially agreed vpsa. P. S. Ogden, Esq. Patroa aad wa sVmht not, but in the winters to coses, tha M rear. ing game" will have a place lathe and diversions of Oregon. Vancouver, 2fhh Jan., 1647. T ttK (tir He is truly a happy aaan who earn upon any occasion aceoaweeata hisssalf to his circumstances. MARRIED At ta lass ia m Um 91st of JuMsnr, 1847, y Mr. w. it. siekse mm HALL, alt sf Um 22!rA U.T. Abs. atUwCslaeMs MMss.saMsBshy.Jsatass. by FatlMrDs Mm. Mr. FIAJfCtl TOFAIft Mia ANGEUQUE, issshtsr af Mr. A. LOW. TAINE.sMsf Cluifm THE SMNtaiy f the Taster wM as nas tostaadssslsHM SBWstsatssayUiiiiial cd to Ma, for Uwt swposs, sa aad after Mm Bs&ssy sf February pnaeat Onto City, Feb. 4tk. IS47. 3tl FREDERICK FRIOG, Prraa H. Bobmbtt. ' A. JL Lsvam. BURNETT& LOVffJpY, saBs9jsarssBwV V Br JbbssHp a99sispsasjssvBjsa'say SJ9 ssssnawwy As ttoUcttews ! CtasasMSTt WILL practise la sMI sasss ia aVs ssMssl Of. cait Costai Oisfya TswUfft- sad .la she SnpnmeCoBrtttOMfwCky:' "' , Jin. IK, 1847. tStf MWU, If. M. TaVSJKHXBJfltWBl sasa a SCHOOL Ui this eky, sa taa 1st ear sfFss- roary next, for lbs iatfraeUw sf ywssg LaSHS aai MiMs. A qaarter wis caaast sf shvea wo All Uw brmackes vsaalh saajstosi ia a EmIiA eduemtioa. will bs taasfct ia HBS.Rl plSerwkh pUia sad fuKyNsta Wask, DsWias; sod rwausf ia mnutaw saa wassr sawss. For MutteakiB as to tonas, Bafske sf Msa'T. uragaa utty, jsb. i, ivn. i COOPERING. mHE wmwrnnanrnm a M. ed Um OBtks Stoek. Teals, ft, sf troof , would astir the bmm, tlwttasy wfl the above buaiseas, ea aa bbmbms piaa-sr at Umssbm ahea fafaaerly. issspsi by J. 9. om door Berth of Uw iibHibsi af A. Head, Isa, wher.UjeywiUfBhttaBdsWataUMkBMrfbBiV PORK BARREL!, , wM bo Ksnisksd si taa gfcMtaSt BOtlOS- JAMM BARLOW. WIUJAMBUKY. Orsgaa City. Fsa. 4, 1S4T. , , IU , Csaitl HE SUBSCRIBER weald, asieW perwnaaniBKreooivtet'aNetosf haad stvsa bv ma aomeUrae towards UMk er'NareasBttt. ItU. "la favor of J. C. Avar or bearer, das sakValm.sf jaa. 1H47, to taa assssaisf asigMws avaaavaa jl have saver received auv Tahta m as4d asts, seat shall Utsrefore aet sa uw saw exprasprt sssa this face of said Nets. wmnrittTm WILLIAM WMEEUHL .la., . .tslt.il TtnrtSTtmmTS7hiA.mli 4 'E- TW . F?" ' '&Jiai!LJ ' .--' 'Vi - fif."' V5Td ',Jtf' KfES3S& Ms33i3&8m AbXt SbmsvS .wsbsb as wW rsssamj f ,yo i-- vl iWZ. i Ana, amvjaa -Jafiah assr the snaaaTassaal awsr,ssaf sit alsatnrjTswasalsar H UsaC.AaalAttaJaVTBt. 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