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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 7, 1847)
M THINK HOT 0MIV
. ar runtvek ..
Tkkk Mt af tfcnl W f '
Go sskun ! wkssaey,
Go Mk tea BMoaUiB tsmat, as
It eaabes to the Ma,
To ate Ma oawaia ewuae, toil
Reaula awhile far thee:
Go Mk the whlriwiad rafiag with
DtatncUaa la Us path,
Toaaaia mom lowly maBeion, from
The toy of Ita wrath:
Hkprkoa window hifh,
To lean blacoU, daikdomlcUa,
Aad walk 'aeath tbo bine aky.
If than wi8 headway anmmoae, then
Will I ekey thee too,
Aad wifl lesaeaiber when
Thoaa thiaga aha ocsne to view,
For, Oh! -'iSa Tata to atrante 'gaiwt
The feelings of the aouL
Tlraia to atrira 'gain nature, for
She wills bide coatraL
THE IRON COLLAR.
"By the rood, father, I mark not tho drift
of thy speech. la not the deed morciful ?
Nay, i it not reasonable ?"
This question was put by a man, appa.
rently about tho mid-day of life, who, lean
ing on an iron-pointed staff, his cap half
pulled across his brow, his lips suddenly com.
pressed, and his eye fixed stedfastly upon
another's face, seemed as he would snatch
an answer from tho simple look of him he
had so earnestly addressed. The monk
for it was a son of the church from whom
tho speaker waited for counsel was unmo
ved by the energy of tho question, and with
his still, passionless eye, glanced at a man,
standing submissively apart, vet evidently
BJt without a violent effort feigningcompo
sure, nay indifference. There wpre three
acton in'the scene. The first was the mas.
ter of the anxious wretch, whosSTTate was
about to be decided. A told, open-featured
toss, with, it would seem, his heart in his
eyes a man of good worldly substance and
of cheerful mind ; ft strong contrast to the
churchman, whose mealy features told more
of the chine and the wassailbowl, than of
holy thoughts and nocturnal meditations;
and, in truth, tho. monk was one of those
who as it were done with all secrecy
would change the rib of a canonized saint,
for the body of a capon. He seemed expressly-
made to eat, drink, move slowly,
talk gravely, and wear a gray gown ; he
fulfilled his ordinance. The third man was
a slave. He looked wan and shrunk ; he
had a restless eye, and his lip moved with
ill-suppressed emotion, as he cast a sidelong
look at the priest. He bore about his neck
the badge of bis condition an iron collar.
Tho speaker, vainly waiting for the an
swer of the monk, repeated his questions
" Ii not tho deed merciful ? Is it not rea
sonable?" , The priest replied with another question,
put in a tone or seeming wonder " Why,
air, what hath urged thee to this business ?
Take off the iron collar of thy villain?
Why, when didst thou first dream of this ?
Tell me the history of this strange matter."
" I know not, father, if it be not a thought
sent from heaven itself. It hath been with
roe sinoe last spring. I was abroad early,
and all things about me seemed living with
a new life ; tho young corn shot up freshly
and strongly the air quickened the blood
bout my heart all things looked of a
brighter color tome; the birds were sing,
ing in the sky and on the boughs, and I saw
the hand of Gtyd working in the trees."
"A goodly matin meditation. Well,
what didst thou see next ?"
"Looking round, I saw the iron collar of
"Ay, thy lawful bondman. Well?"
" Prom that moment doubt possessed mo
and I did think it but a fitting deed, to take
that iron badge away."
"Then thou hadst no other communion ?
By my order, I did look foi some angelio de-
oast thou hadst' no divine intelligence,
"' None but ,my own thoughts none
. " Have a care, son lest, in the idleness
of thy Blind, thou dest take its wanderings
kbh feheata. Q see nothing in these med-
i'JUtftnfr1 should call on thee to remove
7 'SfcMf ; Why should thou object to place
aiavf inai aaancvi ww iawuu
ksjt'fc trut, fthtr, I bajia to
doubt-ajr, aad I ,date i-f ; 3oubt from the
tuce of whloh I have spoken the aaeroy,
tka reason of that custom ; it is on this that
I would have thee resolve me?"
"Speedily. And answer, my son so
shalt thou profit. '81noe thou hast possessed
the lands,' have they not been tilled by serfs,
each with his iron collar ?"
" Ay and many a day before us, father."
"Hath the earth proved stubborn and
unfertile ? Hath not the' seed burst in the
ground, though cast there by oollared vil
lains ? Hath not tho green blade shot up
hath it not ripened in the sun, but cut down
in its fulness, and returned thee seed a hun
dred fold, though' reaMd by serfs with iron
collars ? Hath not all this happened ?"
" Even so."
" They who take thy swine to mast wear
they not badge V
"And yet the hogs stray not, but fatten ;
and when killed, are nourishing aud tooth
somethough tended, killed, cooked, and
served by men with iron collars?"
"All this is true."
" Then wherefore move tho collar ?"
" As an act of justice to him who bears it.
Thy arguments are subtile, father, but to my
mind, selfish and tyrannic. I will remove
the badge from his neck, and from the necks
of all my bondmen."
On this, the speaker departed with his
sorf and the monk wenj his way, loudly
prophecying tho sudden dissolution of tho
social fabric, from the instant that the " low.
er orders" were relieved from iron collars.
The legend is somewhat old, but there
may be curious people who even now may
fit ii with an application.
Mrs. Childs, in a lato work, entitled " Let
ters from New York," gives a beautiful
illustration of the practical application of
t .... !- !. I... ll
me principle oi non-resisiunuu, uv muhi
party of peace-loving emigrants, who star
ted for tho "far west." and made their
homes in the wilderness.
They were industrious and frugal, and
all things prospered under their hands. But
soon wolves came near the fold, in tho shape
of reckless, unprincipled adventurers ; be
lievers in force and cunning, who acted ac
cording to their creed. The colony of prac
tical Christians spoke of their depredations
in terms of gentlest remonstrance, and re
paid them with unvarying kindness. They
went farther they openly announced,
" You may do us what evil you choose, we
will return nothing but good." Lawyers
came into tho neighborhood, and offered
their services to settle disputes. They an
swercd " Wo have no need of you. As
neighbors, wo receive you in the most friend
ly spirit ; but for us your occupation has
ceased to exist." "What will you do
if rascals bum your barns and steal
your harvests?" "We will return good
for evil. We belicvo this is tho highest
truth, and therefore tho best expediency."
' When the rascals heard this, they consid
ered it a marvellous good joke, and sajd and
did many provoking things, which to them
seemed witty. Bars wero taken down in
the night, and cows let into tho cornfields.
The Christians repaired the damage as well
as they could, put tho cows in tho barn, and
and at twilight drove them gently home,
saying, " Neighbor, your cows have been in
my field. I have fed them well during the
day, but I would not keep them all night,
lest tho children should suffer for their milk."
If this was fun, they who planned the joke
found no heart to laugh at it. By degrees,
a visible change came over these trouble
some neighbors. They ceased to cut offhorses'
tails and break the legs of poultry. Rude
boys would say to a younger brother, "Don't
throw that stone, Bill ! When I killed the
chioken last week, did'nt they send it to
mother, because they thought ohicken
broth would be good for poor Mary? I
should think you'd be ashamed to throw
stones at their ch'okens." Thus was evil
overcame with good, till not one was found
to do them wilful injury. Years passed on,
and saw them thriving in worldly substance
beyond their neighbors, -yet beloved by all.
From them the lawyer and the constable ob
tained no fees. The sheriff stamered and
apologised when he took their hard-earned
goods in payment for the war-tax. They
mildly replied, "Tisa bad trade, friend.
Examine it la the light of conscience and
a if it be not so." ' But while they refused
to pay suoh fees and taxes, they wore liber
al to a proverb in their contributions for all
useful and benevolent purposes.
At the end of ton years, the publio lands,
which they had chosen for their farm, wore
advertised for sale by auotion. According
to custom, these who had settled and cultiva
ted the soil wero considered to have a right
to bid it in at the government price, which at
that time was five shillings pur acre. Hut
the fever of land speculation thon chanced
to run unusually high. Adventurers from
all parts of the country were flocking to tho
auction, and capitalists in Baltimore, Phila
delphia, Now York, and Boston, wore send
ing agents to buy up western lands. No ono
supposed that custom or equity would be .re
garded. The first day's salo showed that
h peculation ran to tho verge of insanity.
Land was eagerly bought in at i As., 5,
and 6 5s. an acre. The Christian colony
had small hope of retaining their farms. As
first settlors, they had chosen the best land,
and pcrsovorins industry had brought it into
the highest cultivation. Its market value
was much greater than tho acres already
sold at exorbitant prices. In view of these
facts, they had prepared their minds for an
other remove into the wilderness, perhaps to
bo again ejected by a similar process. But
the morning their lot was offered for salo,
they observed, with grateful surprise, that
their neighbors were everywhere busy among
the "rowd begging and expostulating, " Don't
hid on these lands ! Thoso men havo been
working hard on them for ten years. Dur
ing all that timothcy never did harm toman
or brute. They are always ready to do
good for evil. They are a blessing to any
neighborhood. It would bo a sin nnd a
sliamo fh bid on their lands. Let them go
at tho government price." The salo came
on ; tho cultivators oi mo son oiicrca live
hillings intending to hid higher if neccssn
rv. But amonjr all that crowd of selfish,
reckless speculators, not one bid over them !
Without an opposing voice, the fair acres
returned n them. I do not know a more
remarkable instance of evil overcome with
Procrastination. "Wait till to.mor
row," says the procrastinator as his already
Datienco-wom creditor asks him to discharge
a debt of many years' standing ; ' have pa
tience and 1 will pay thee all.' To-morrow
comps, and ins creditor again sianus uciore
him. Ah. vou have coma too soon I have
....... --.r j . -
been unablo to make a raise the times are
hard, and money is scarce call another
rTltti tlati dAim1dV haaaaa flU'DlS Ikllf
still the tune is the same, ' wait till to-mor-
row.' See that young man lingering in the
corner near the doggery. His aged father
...fL ! t-I .. 1.... j.klBAlj tttrwt it
wiin lean in nw eyca " kiiiihiku !" v
forsake his dissipated companions and the
nimrtwi an i,n I norfl i nn nnnrrnr. no
says jocosely, 'do you think I am going to
be a drunkard ? You were once a young
man yourself, give yourself no uneasiness,
when I have seen a little i.'.ore of the world,
nil aninvail B fniv flllVB nf Bmill IlPnt. I
shall, like yourself, put away ehildit. Mugs.'
C S. ! ...S.t. .!. ...nal1 . umI till tn.mnvmw '
OO II IB Willi MIO WUHU , Wl- Mil H-IMW",
is enstamped in iron fetters upon the mind of
every thing human. Whether it regards
our temp' al concerns in lifo, or tho moro
importai '.nd decisjvo matters which relate
to our spiritual and eternal welfare, we aro
ever ready to exclaim, go "thy way this
time and when I havo a more convenient
season, I will call for thee," and thus
it will ever be until tho angel of tho
Lord with one foot upon the land and the
other upon the sea, shall lift his hand and
swear by Him that liveth forever, that ' time
shall be no more ,' then the tune will be
changed then the fearful cry will bo, 4 alaB !
it is too late, the term of ourprobation has
expired, tho just sentenco oftiod is irrovo.
cable, and we are lost.' ThisWHL be the
language of tho procrastinator, and this will
be his doom if ho changes not his course,
for he that is dilatory in secular matters,
will be much more regardless of his spiritu
al interest. Remember that delay is dan
gerous, therefore, never put off till to-morrow
what may be done to-day.'
John Jacob Astor. Tho incomo of John
Jacob Astor, says an exchange, on a mode
rate estimato, must be 12,000,000 a year, or
160,000 a montbTwhich is about 41,500
a week, 95,700 a day, 9240 an hour, and $i
a minute. Hew miserable it must make
him to dovise mean to spend it all; . '
1 J 1
An Editor's Sub.-An editor in Indiana
has a journeyman printer worth hit weight
In sold a sort of rare avis, a quiz, a wit.
a poet, at; orator, a man who is up to every
thing under the sun. Jn the summer, wne
businosslsdull, and news becomes scaroa,
our editorial iriena nas nothing w uo oui
ring tho bell for his journeyman. ' Tom,
says ho, " l want a speech to-day nan
column, done up tyw- "4JI1 fix it sir,"
replios Tom, who proceeds forthwith lo case,
and, without copy or previous preparation,
sets up an admirable speech, purporting to
havo boon delivered by some crack orator be;
fore tho last meeting. If necessary, Tom
makes a wood cut, representing the orator
in ono of his happiest flights. The speeoh
takes like wild.fire, and is considered a splen
did effort of genius. Occasionally Tom is
called on to grace tho editorial chair. Tom,
I shall bo 'absent for a couple of weeks
koop up the steam. Yes, sir,' says Tom,
and, sure enough, tho paper goes along liko
a locomotive. Sometimes Tom is requested
to knock the argumont of a political oppo
nent or a blackguard editor into pi. No
ooner said than done, lorn goes io ms
case, with dire indignation upon his brow,
and sets up a perfect smasher. The offend
ing wretch is killed, to all intents and purpo
ses. In addition to all these qualifications,
Tom does all the pugilistic business of the
establishment reports the proceedings of
the Legislature, duns the subscribers, keeps
the books, attends the public meetings, offi
ciates at the balls and parties, docs tho stump
speaking of the county, exhorts at all tho
Methodist revivals, and makes himself gen
i i r
(r The New York Senate continues lo
bo the scene of disgraceful personalities,
says the Newark Advertiser, during the (lis
cussion of a motion to expel the reporter of
the Argus, senators Clark and Young ap
pear to have exhausted the vocabulary of
Billingsgate, in abusing each other. Tho
members of tho lowor House, and tho peo
plo from the streets, crowded the chamber
to witnossthe fray. Wo are told by the re
ports, that Young asserted that a respectable
individual, from Washington county, had
told him (Young,) that Gen. Clark wbs re.
garded in his neighborhood, as a notorious
liar!! And, in reply, senator Clark pro.
ceeded to give tho inscription which would
shine on Col. Young's monument, after his
death. He premised that Young had never
been in the Senate, without disturbing that
body. He was always -quarreling, and was
a morose and petulant old man. The fol
lowing, said Mr. Clark, will bo inscribed,
on Young's" monument. On ono side will
bo " To the memory of one whoso temper
had become fretful and morose, on account
of disappointed ambition and ungratificd
vanity." On tho other side will be
" Pwm, gentle reader liarhtljr tread
For Uod'asake let him lie !
We live in peace, aince he is dead,
But hell Ulna fry!"
Labor to Make a Watch. Mr. Dentr
in a lecturo delivered before tho London
Royal Instituto, made an allusion to the for
mation of a watch, and stated that a watch
consists of 902 pieces ; and that forty-three
trades, and probably 215 persons, are cm
ployed in making ono of these little ma
chines. Tho iron of which the balance
spring is formed,-is valued at something less;
than a farthing ; this produces an ounce of
steol worth 4Jd., which is drawn into 2,250
yards of steel wire, and represents in the
market JE13 4s.; but still another process or
hardening this originally farthing's worth of
Iron, renders it workablo into 7,050 balance
springs, which will realize, at tho common
price of 2s. (Id. each 040 5s., the effect
of labor alone. Thus it may bo seen that
tho mere labor bestowed upon one farthing'
vmrik nt Irnn frivnsit tllO ValllO 01 050 5s..
or $4,552, which is 75,080 timcs(its original
Tbttth in Beautiful ArPABEL.-In Doug
lass Jorrold's now play is uttered thufbetu-
tiful sentiment :
True gratitude, in the very fullness of ita
soul, knows not tho limit of its debt ; buj
when It weighs each little gift, books down
each passing courtesy, it ceases to be grati
tude, and sinks to calculation. Why,! hop
I am grateful for the flowers at my feet, but
I were unworthy of their sweetness could J
coldly sit down and count thorn.