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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 26, 1846)
pot the Oregon Spectator.
Tho " Lion" yet remains away ;
Nor " Stars" illume our desert way:
He fiads supplies lit India' clime ;
77ly shine oa other loud sublime.
Success to tho land Uiat' enlightened and freo ;
Success Old Columbia, success uuto tlice.
Brittania's light in on tho wane ;
Franco reels with folly' wiles insane :
Rome ' not, and Jewish Canaan,
Alas! and mighty Baby Ion!
Success to my country, she 's prosperous and free,
Success Old Columbiu, success unto thee.
E Jfi i God is in Ifruven, men below"
A nations glory to show
Goodness and truth 'tis sin brings dowu
Insulted Heaven's distressful frown.
Success to tho naiioit thut ' lirtuous and free,
Success New Columbia, success unto tlteo.
Would Now Columbia then exceed
All realms in might, let every deed
Be wise and good 'tis in brings down
Insulted Heaven's distressful frown.
Success to my country 's happy and free,
The fairest that in the last that 'a to be.
Oct, 18-16. M. J. B.
Visit or the U. S. S. Columbus. Tho
U. S. Ship of the Hue Columbus 100 guns,
bearing the broad pennant of Commodore
James Biddle, commanding U. S. East India
Squadron, arrived in our waters on Wednes
day morning and anchored in the outer roads.
She is from China, via Japan, forty-three
days from Jeddo, which place Commodore
Biddlo visited with the design of opening in
tercourse with the limperor of Japan, by
forwarding him a letter from the United
States Government. The ship anchored
some distance below the city for want of pro
per charts and the indisposition of the au
thorities to allow her to como nearer. The
communication was forwarded to the Em
peror, explaining tho objprts of the visit, to
which he replied, that he had hca-d of tho
United States, that they were a flourishing
and great nation, and that he hoped they
would continue to be prosperous, but declin
ed any closer relations with them. The only
foreign trade that would be allowed was with
tho Dutch and Chinese. He begged the
ship would supply herself with what she
wanted speedily, up anchor, be off, and never
return. Landing was disallowed, out tho
ship was supplied with such ns the country
afforded, wood, water, poultry, eggs, and
vegetables, for which neither pay nor pres
ents were received in return. Nothing like
trade was allowed with the numerous visit-
ors that came on board. Even presents of
coin, uc, that Jack gave some ol the shore
people, were afterwards returned. The on
ly productions of the country obtained were a
parcel of presents sent by the Emperor to
the Commodore, which were declined by
him. The Japanese officer having them in
charge dared not return without delivering
them, as it was at the dusk of tho evening,
he threw his packet into one of the quarter
boats and pulled off for the shore as fast as
possible. Thero being no way to return it,
the contents were divided among the officers,
but they contained nothing of much value
or skill in workmanship.
Tho Japanese had heard of the intended
visit of the Columbus, but seemed some sur
prised at her dimensions. She was visited
by many of the inhabitants, evidently with
the Emperor's permission, but there wore
no females among them. And boats wore
kept about her, ua in the case of the Man
liattan, but they were not of force to resist a
man-of-war. Tho men aro represented as a
iinc, athletic race, inquisitive and intelli
gent. The shoro off which tho Columbia
Jay was rocky, but wooded, fertile, and ap
parently well cultivated Hogs and bul
locks were not to bo had, though other sup
plies wore plentiful. The Columbus lay
there ten days and then sailed for this place.
The Vincennes was subjected to similar treat
ment. These aro all the particulars wo liavo as
yet gathered of this visit to Jupan. Tho
result shows that it met with no better sue
cess than the previous attempts, and that the
Japanese are determined to persevere in
thoir exclusive policy, content with tho
amount of their present intercourse with
Christendom, through the agents of tho
Dutch factory at Nangasaoki. In looking
at tho result of tho contact of the European
races with the nativo powers of India and
China, ono cannot but admire tho polito
wariness of the Japanese. Every visitor is
treated hospitably, but kopt an hoard hisewn
vessel. Compliments are met with compli-
ments, wants gratuitously supplied, and not
a shadow of real complaint givou. Christ,
oiidom will find this peaceful, gentlamaaly,
demeanor, a stronger barrier to their at
tempts at securing a diplomatics and trading
foothold than were all tho elephants aad sa
bres of India, or tho unwieldy war-junks
and pompous proclamations of the Chinese.
As yot not even the most frivolous pretext
for 'force, or even pushing negotiations has
been given. How long Japan will be ena
bled to maintain horsel? as a terra incognita
is a problem of great interest to us lovers of
something new. In the present age it is al
most the only country there would be any
excitement in visiting, or that could furnish
a taking book.
Tho Columbus and Vincennes have both
suffered somewhat from the diseases of the
eastern climate, although tho weather at Ja-
fian and henco has been very fine. Since
caving tho U. States about twenty men have
died on board the former, and she has now
a large number on the sick list mostly
down with the scurvy or diarrhea and dys
cntery. Tho crew generally are feeble,
having been for tho last ninety days on salt
provisions. They, undoubtedly, will speed
ily recruit under the regenerating influence
of our trades and markets. Polynesian,
Tho revenues of California, under tho
old regime 1844 and '45, amounted to about
$'.00,000, which has been chiefly absorbed
by tho military and their partisans. The
average annual duties for the last ten years
have been $85,000 last year they amount
ed to 9135,000" an enormous tax upon an
impoverished country of ten thousand in
habitants. The public debt is about $150,
000, mostly acknowledged military olaims.
Previous to the reduction of the tariff by
American authorities, the inhabitants were
obliged to pay the following enormous rates
for the necessaries of life. American prints,
75 cents per yard common cotton, 50 do
ticking 81 per yard cheapest broadcloth,
81'- per yard coffee, 374 cents per lb. su
gar, 25 cents per lb. flour, $18 shot 37$
cents per lb. powder, 83. The reduction
of tho duties to the American standard, will
have the effect to greatly increase the con
sumption, and ultimately to bring the prices
of foreign goods to the average of this place.
The country is rich in mineral resources
mines of gold, silver, copper, lead, sulphur
and quicksilver arc being rapidly discovered.
Two of rich quicksilver ore, yielding 30 per
cent of pure metal, are now in operation, one
to the north and the other on the south side
of San Francisco Bay. 2000 lbs. have al.
ready been extracted from the latter. The
neighborhood of tho quicksilver mines to
those of tho precious metals, will greatly en
hance the profits of working them, and if
very productive, reduce the value of the
Rothschild monopoly in Europe. The facil
ities of exportation from their vicinity to a
noble harbor, are unrivaled. No less than
seventy announcements of mines were made
to the Alcaldo of San Jose within the five
months previous to June last. In the rear
of Pueblo do los Angelos there exists a gold
" Placer" or washing, said to be eighteen
leagues square. By tho laws of Mexico,
this cannot m held as a mine, but is free to
the industry of any one. The most indolent
Indian, it is said, by washing the sands, can
get his 12 reals worth of gold per day.
Many thousand dollars have already been
exported to tho United States.
The Hudson Bay Co. hare sold out their
establishment at San Francisco to Messrs.
Howard & Melius. Mr. Loidcsdorff, late
U. S. Vice Consul, has erected buildings at
tho Bay at an expense of $15,000, and has
u vuluablo contract for supplying the Rus
sian Fur Co. with beef, flour, and provisions.
Moral Greatness. There are two points
which test'tho moral creatness of men. The
one is high elevation in prosperity, the other
deep depression in adversity, tie, wno,
when every thing is flourishing, can remain
thn Rfimn iinnatimtnir. linnrrttundfnn man.
humbly but firmly discharging the duties of
I. a4a4aM (Ijkaia! J L M L 1 1 H Sk 1 &
JUS BiailUII, UUVUIU Ut UKUgllMUCCO SUIU fJ4UV,
nnd he, who, when every thing is prostrate,
can retain his self respect, firmness and reu
solve, perseveringly discharging present du
ty without servility or meanness,'tkegreiit;
man. Suoh a one is watered in .-himself,
Ho is a man in the true sense of thewordJ
General News from California Gen.
Castro has been deserted by his troops and
obliged to tako refugo in the Mexican terri.
tory;.with a number of outlaws with him.
. Tho old inhabitants are becoming satisfi
ed with the change of government. The
crops thus far, are good, and wheat was
The attention of tho citizens of California,
numbering about 10,000, of whom nearly
2,000 are from tho U. S., is called to the
formation of a colonial government, with a
constitution to be adopted by a general con-
vsntion, with tho ultimate view of applying
to Congress for their formal recognition of
the territory and to receive a delegate from
them. Tho Rev. Walter Colton, Chapluin
to the, Congress, is a U. S. justice, and with
his associate, Mr. Price, has put a perempto
ry veto upon the salo of ardent spirit, pro
hibiting all store and shop koepers, and pub
licans from keeping or selling' or disposing
in any way of liquors or wines ofiny de.
scription, under penalty of fino anth'impri.s.
onment at the discretion of tho magistrate.
Talbot H. Green, Esq., has been appoint
ed Collector for Monterey.
A fortification, named " Fort Stockton'' ,
has been erected at Monterey, commanding
the town and harbor. It mounts 13 guns,
including 4 68's, and is surrounded by a
ditch 7 feet deep.
The war in California is now considered
at an end, and nothing now remains but to se
cure a good government for a territory won
without a blow.
LITTLE LESSONS FOR LITTLE POLITICIANS.
In Words of One Syllable. Thero was
once a very bad boy, and his namo was Peel.
He would go and slido on the scale, though
ho had been told it was a bad tiling to do, but
ho would not mind what was said to him.
Some big boys tried to trip him up, and I an
sure that he will fall some day, if ho will
be a bad boy and still slide on the scale.
Ho has been told that if he docs not mind
ho will be sure to fall in, but he says ho docs
not care, for he knows some Whig boys who
will be glad to help to get him out. Peel is
a rudo boy. You ought not to do the same
as he does.
In Words of One and Tito Syllables.
Mas-terHar-ryBrough-am was ve-ryfondof
throw-mg stones and let-ting oil squibs, and
would not mind his Punch. He would of-tcn
be vo-ry cru-el to oth-cr boys, and he would
run af-ter Mas-tor Camp-bell for tho pur
pose of bcat-ing him. He would ask Mas
tcr Lind-hurst to help him to wor-ry poor
Mas-tor Camp-bell. But Har-ry Brough
am was a clcv-er boy, though ho was ai
ways in dis-graco for his tricks. Ho would
try ve-ry hard to takuNhe place of oth-er
boys; but ho was so gid-dy ho would not
keep what he cot. Ho had a quar-rel with
Mas-ter Mel-bourne, in which he came off
the worst, and he was made to stand up like
a dunce on a form, though ho said ve-ry rude
ly if it had been a bench ho would have
been quite con-tent, for to get upsn the
bench was all he want-ed. Was not Har
ry Brough-am a ve-ry naugh-ty boy ?
Lit-tle James Gra-hara was a sly fel-low.
He would nre-tend to mind his lot-tcrs, but
he would be all tho while 1ook-ing o-ver tho
let-ters that did not be-long to him. One
day he was caught out, and was well whip,
pcd. This serv-ed him right, und if ho does
the samo thing a-gain, we will. help to whip
him as he de-serves.
(T Flattery is the great sin of the
American press. Tho man whom fashion
scorns to-day, by sudden elevation to a posi
tion of consequence and power, will receive
the huzzas of tliO crowd to-morrow, while
fulsome adulationl will flow from a thousand
fawning lips and sycophant pens. Tho re
formed drunkard or galnblor suddenly be
comes It god the senator" cjpet more than a
Cicepo and the poor fopr who by chance
stumbles, upon a fortune becomes at once
the honored, and the.liveried ornament of the
selectest sopicty. N. Y. Mirror.
The Law. The Boston Transcript aives
a new definition, or description, or law
saying that' it is "a wonderful machine
Shich sharpens men's ideas, makes them
row away two dollars for a very dim pros
pect of preserving one, and keeps a certain
number of, human beings of another class
employed in- lildini on a black board the
Order in Laa!na. Our correspondent
writes us tho following gratifying intolli
lahaina, Sept. 6V
" You cannot imagino how proud wo feet
in Lahaina once more to seo good old quiet
times, suoh as were in tho days of Hoaplli.
Wo have no rum, and of course no rows and
uoise. It is a rare thing now to see a drunk
en sailor, or a boisterous, abusive sailer in
our streets. All is quiet and peaceful.
God irrant that we may novor again be curs-
cd and afflicted with intoxicating liquors.
Oh, why will man, for a few blighting dol.
lars, destroy the peace of a whole communi
ty, and fix on the poor sailor tho curso of
drunkenness and debauchery, by selling that
pestiferous poison ?
Where is principle? Whern is boncvo
lonco? Where is sympathy for sufferers?
when mon will hold "out the glass to ihfir
noighbor only to get hismoneviim! j ishhun
into the gutter, yea, Into all that imjohi-ing,
degrading and disgusting, int morn I "rpt-h-cdncss
n thouimnd fold wonc ' ar h fllthi
est gutter. 1 do hope no uoh u in wM ho
found in Lahaina henceforward and furr-vcr."
As coon as yEsor. The Nanfuckct
Islander says tho following story was lately
told by a reformed inebriate, as an apolo
gy for much of tho folly of drunkards :
" A mouse ranging about a brewery, hap
pening to fall into a -vat of beer, was in im
minent danger of drowning, and appealed to
a cat to help him out. The cat rcplit J it is
a foolish request, for as soon as I get you
out I shall cat you. Tho mouse replied,
that fate would be much better than to bo
drowned in beer. Tho cat lilted him out,
but tho fume -of the beer caused puss to
sneeze, and tho mouse took refuge in his
hole. The cat called on the mouse to come
out You, sir; did you not promise that I
should cat you V Ah !' replied the mouse,
but you know I teas in liquor at the time.' "
The Whale FisnERV. Wo learn from
tho annual statement of tho condition of tho
United States Whale Fishery, contained in
tho Whalemen's Shipping List, that tho
whole number of vessels itow employed in
tho fishery from all ports in the U. S. in
eludes 080 ships and harks, 34 brigs, 22
schooners and ono sloop making an aggrc
gate of 233,202 tons showing an incrcaso
of 15,007 tons during the past year, and an
increase of 33,115 tons since Jan. 1, 1844.
The imports from this branch of com
merce dunng tho past year havo been :
157,017 bbls. of sporm oU-j-272,730 bbls.
whale oil ; and 3,107,142 lbs. of whalolono.
(Kr Happily in the moral world as in tho
material one, the warring elements have
their prescribed bounds, and the " flood of
grief decreasetht when it'ean swell' no high
er ;" but it is only in retrospection wo can
bring ourselves to believe in this obvious
truth. The young and untried heart hugs
itself in the bitterness of its emoti6ns, and
takes a pride in believing that its anguish
can but end with its existence ; and it 7s not
until liino hath almost steeped our senses in
forgctfulncss, that we discover the mutabili
ty of all human passions.
OCT A young poet in Clcaveland (Ohio)
has fallen in love for the second time. It
may be true that "true love never) runs
smooth," but this can't be said of his poetry
" o wunst I lirrd a ntrther girl
but setsy dear say tar fern
i 45 thorn mnkibv."
r "Mrs. Grimes, lend mo your tub."'
" Can't do it ; all the hoops are off; besides,
I never had one, because I wash in a barrel."
This reminds us of tho Dutchman. "I
comes homo, ant I finta ray wife wide open,
ant te toor fast ashleep. I finta my neigh
bor's poonkins proke iato ray bog patch, ant I
picKS up a nog, ana i prow u upe ,w
rail's pack in de field, and day. rqn,tp,dr
tuyful, as if te fence vas behint 'am.',;.
Irish Evidence. " Pray, ray good man,"
said a Judge to an Irishman; who Wm wit
ness on a trial. " what did pass between you
anifthe prisoner t" Oh ! then, pW your
lordship," says Pat, "rani Jm ?!&!"
ton of the wall." Paddy, aild he j ' What 1
ays I : Here,' says he , ' Where V ay I j
'Whist!' aayahe: ''Hush!' Mli nd
thit'i all, pi We, your' tydshlp."