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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 12, 1846)
Fnwnsar Isan a the 4U. iMttat.
HIOHLT IBP01TAHT MIW8,
ef tlesneu f van? WiHry
aisisaMnsj-totnrtsjsnj adnuaoes ef
the) 'V. Amy la Meiiee--Occu
partlnei ! OMlltotata fcf V Wrml
By the arrival of tbe barque Toulon, Cap.
lain Crosby, from the Island, we have the
gratifying newa of the settlement of the
Oregon boundary question, and the victori
ous advances of the American army in Mex
ico. Gen. Taylor's engagement with Gen.
Arista, occurred on 8th and 9th of May.
2,300 U. S. troop were opposed to 0000
Mexicans. The latter officially acknowl.
edges the loss of 4,000 men, and all their
artillery, bsjrcane, stores, dec. The loes
of the Americans was 90 killed, 10 of whom
were officers, (including tho gallant Major
Ringold) and 140 wounded. " Matamoras is
now in possession of the Americans ; Gene
ral Taylor is on his way to Salteto and Mon
terey with 0000 men, and we have very little
doubt that within two months he will have
30,000 men ia the Capital and then make
peaoe on his own terms," says a letter from
Maxatlsn, dated July SO, 1840.
All the ports in the Mexican gulf are now
blockaded, hut the mails are allowed to paw.
The catties of the port of Vera Cruz were
to havo been bombarded by the American
fleet on tho 4th of July last, but by last ad.
vice, the attack had been postponed until
the arrival of the Pennsylvania, 120, and
the Ohio, 100 guns. The fleet then lying in
line off the port, consisted of the frigates
Cumberland, Potomac, and Rariton, 00 guns
each ; steamers, Mississippi, and Princeton,
sloop St. Marys, and brig Somers.
California is in possession of the U. S.
Naval forces in the Pacific, under the com
mand of Commodore Stockton. According
to the " Polynesian" of Aug. 8th, Captain
Fremont was at Monterey with 170 rifle,
men, preparing to go in quest of Castro and
his troops, should that officer make further
From th PotjrMaira, Aufiwi 29th.
SIXTY-SEVEN HATS FXOK NEW YORK XIOH-
TV-TWO OATS "FROM EUROPE.
(& Just eh our paper was going to press
we receivod a copy of tho Now York Ga
zette and Times' of Juno 10th, in which we
find tho following :
" Oregon Treaty latined. The Sin-
ATE YESTERDAY RATIFIED THE TREATY VrON
THE OR BOON QUESTION BY A VOTE OF 41
to 14 27 majority. Tho Senate was
full but Mr. Jernagin of Tenn., who refus
ed to vote under instructions from tho Legis
lature of his State to consent to no compro
mise. The country will hail with joy this decis.
ion of the Senate."
We learn by private advices that the basis
of the settlement of the Oregon question is
40 degrees 80 minutes latitude as the bound,
ary, with the right of the free navigation of
the Cclurobla to England until the expiration
of the Hudson's Bay Co.'a oharUr.
Jus 18th. A bill baa passed to assoood
reading in the Senate, reducing postage in
the U. S. to five oents per letter any distance.
A vote of thank to Gen. Taylor has pass
ed the House. "
English underwriter have raised the
rate of insuranoe on American vessels from
60 s. to 100 s. par cent., making the most
of the fear of Amerieanmerchants from
Mexican privateers. The hostilities be.
tween the U. 8. and Mexico has had a de
pressing influence upon the money market
both at London and Paris. Mexican stock
has of course declined.
The Mornvms and Indians were commit,
(ting great depredations on American proper
ty on-the western frontier.
Orders havo been sent, by the Minister of
Marin in France, to Brest and other part to
reinforce the French squadron in the Gulf
or Mexleo, in consequence or the war be
tween the United State and Mexico. The
opposition prints are all on the aide of the
U. S. and predict the early conquest of Mex
ico. M. Thiers had made a violent attack
on .tho policy of the cabinoV complaining
.-a. t ' - (' i V - '.X --- 4Bj8&V"XZJlf '
ureffon SDectatOT. ,f wil
""" i ii mu m miiMgiw,wi,api
vnatMMiee. srneasss asanausne:
AYVx2t78nuAH tB bbmVbHsf
Wsstwsid U UUi of Issss takes us way."
oil 0rtm0tty,(0rHTr.)TkiAj,MTtttialiMfc Vo.21.
that Prance had declared for England, her
temporary ally instead of the U. 8. her per.
manent ally. ,
Apprehension of another outbreak in Po.
land are entertained.
Tha Cholera had reaDseared in Persia.
and has crossed the Russiaa territory, ad.
vanoing in a very irregular direction, and
carrying death into the principal towns.
The Spanish government have withdrawn
the use of Mahon from the United State
Naval force in the Mediterranean.
We am Indebted te the politeness of Dr.
McLaughlin for the foUowinf :
Eakset of prhmk kUerJrim A. Vorhu,
Etq ., Couml of Tepte, It SHr Geo. Stymur.
"I send you an American newspaper,
which Mr. Bakhead ha requested to be
forwarded to you, and which shows that the
Oregon question is entirely settled the 49th
degree is to run on to the Straits of Fuca,
the whole Island of Vancouver being left in
possession of England, and the said Straits of
Fuca, Puget's Sound, ac., remaining free to
both parties. The Columbia River is also
to be free to both parties until the expiration
of the Charter of the Hudson's Bay Compa
ny when the whole to the south of the 40th
degree is to belong to America, with the ex
DR. WHITE'S LETTERS.
A scries of letters from Dr. Elijah White,
in reference to Oregon, have appeared in the
Washington Union, the government orga, ..
We give tho subjoined extract from two of
' Washington, Feb. 0, 1840.
To the Editor of Ike Union:
Sir Since penning my last number, I
have been apprised of the course pursued by
our fresident in rejecting the proners oi
Great Britain to arbitrate upon our rights
to Oregon, and here beg leave to say, in an
swer, to some grave questions from grave
quarters, that as a representative delegated
by their legislative body to speak forth their
sentiment and wishes here, notwithstanding
the citiaenaof Oregon foel inortined, chafed,
and injured by the tardiness of government
measures, they are true to the American
eagle, and fully agree with the President in
belief that Oregon i our. And, depend up
on it, they will fight under his banner, to the
pilling of the heart's blood, rather than
yield to Great Britain what they oonoeive to
be clearly ours.
No, sir. let none doubt the right sentiments
and feelings of our citixens ia Oregon. They
are patriotic to the last degree ; and, though
many of them are plain and unlettered.they
are brave a Cesar; and I would to Heaven,
the members of our press nt Congress would
be induced at once to put into their bands the
means to test their valor,- and, my bead for
i should a proper occasion present itself to
defend our flag and the land of their ndop.
Uon, if they act not weli their part.
8ir, ws have our Gilliam, Applegates,
Forils, Burnetts. LovsjoywJCentuoky, Mis.
souri, and Rooky mountain boy murfngb
little host of the roost frank, ingenuous, valo
rons spirits any wham to be met.
But, sir, I tremble for those, bra vs, honest,
intrepid men; for, while I reflect that not
long sine their little legislative body of thir
teen members sat with .the .star-spangled
banner waving over their heads in Oregon
oity only nine, days' to pas twenty-five bill
in due form, for the regulation of their inter,
course, I her find ur national Congress sit
ting, talking, and discussing a muoh longer
time without, as yet, having adopted a single
measure for their bansit.-
The advancement made in civilization by
numerous tribes 'of Indians (n that remote
and hitherto nenleoted portion' of our terri
tory with so few advantages, is a matter of
surprise. Indeed, the red men of that region
would almost seem to be of a 'different order
from those with whom'we have been in'mpreJ
familiar intercourse. A few years since,' the
face of a white man war almost unknown
tothem. Now, through the benevolent poH.
cy of the various Christian ehsrefcet, and
ins inoetaugaue exertion of tbe missiona
ries in theirsesploy, they bare prescribed and
weU-adapted miss for their govsrnment,
which are observed and respected tonne
gree worthy of tbe urn tateUigent whites.
They are turning their attention to agri
cultural pursuits, and, wkh but few of taw
nsBissary utensil in their pnssissiuu, al
ready produos snsleient in some places to
asset their wry want. Among some of the
tribes, bunting baa been alasost entirely
abandonsdsuany individuals looking wboU
ly to tn soil for support. Tbe lands are
represented aa .extremely fertile, and the
climate healthy, agreeable, and uniform.
' But to the Christian churches and pious
missionaries are we not alone indebted for
our improved and advanced state in Oregon;
for .while I ascribe much to the pious exer
tions of those devoted rtuauonaries, in our,
early struggles both for the white and In
dians, and regard their cause the highest,
snd noblest that ever engaged the heads or
hearts of men, yet it is hat just to say that
through tbe benevolent policy of the' Hud
son Bay Company, a vast deal has, been ef
fected to better the condition of both wntea
and Indiana in that territory. It was one
of tbeir ohief traders that first' taught tbe
Keyuse tribe to lookup through nature to
nature's God for light,, truth, and heaven:
and itwas he, too, who gave tbe first lessons
and .impulse to these poor red children of
the 'forest in agriculture, which has been so
successfully followed up by our esteemed
friend Dr. Marcus Whitman, who with his
intellectual lady, has been laboring with
that interesting people for the last ten years.
This tribe raise all the commodities peeuUar
to our western states, and live in a comfort
and beautiful one, and their prospects
j . i
NtUw V2" tL' In
toy and oontenlnisiit a nrfne:
endeavors ether fsan that wnkk
are f Yon "strnnjU.ofM MTfeMnni
.mm .a - lTTs i .., . CViii. ta7V
tn .settle. -rnjtn,.in. treats
worker." i?-w f
Achievement In the' twin vtber nf Osn
neVce,and h fcnnMtolltf
heart and1 soul where tnesj last alrend?
pledged thy thought ThaejaM hi bni the
process, the mesne, and tbe hsavt nnd aoul
that destiny be twi Ibid, godntoniasnVMr
-of evil and grieryet art thon aneVi thy
purity of purpose, for the ntslesn of vnto
will be tbrowif Into the neeW by the hansr
nnd besulecneneas of thy virtnesni Msnl; lt
is easy to preach, yet k I infinitely
to pernwm, ir (rou win omy wstetnw
tton to year aid yield teyew mm
Hnppiness isnetMdaen nvwyin
is full of it. It Is bHC brk
tofl. It is near you rtow; wby.wMyen!
from It? 11e worM k iwtsoanTnAer
k baa aaneb nf that wbJoh nfibrnsrei
urn nnd delightful epnifori i jnat
tenrnwioTe aniy. . . cx
Duty is tbe guardian of tnntni
maiden Happiness, and to win bar
propitiate nun. He may not
nt first, bet he ajvna'lso' nrnc
little attentions, tnsM yxni very'
unn nnn, ana wonosn ran
iMvelnomght Urn Bard
tfll'ailencm in rneerri
all vonr trial. In a blfosfful
sweet and gensrons wnisV1 v"wsji-rfctvlfV
with our bestsJsectlons. :it
beauty and sublimity of tbe
and of tbe soul. It indeed nortra;
terrible energy, tbe utoeesseof tbe n
outtneyare passions wntcn
nature, wnica are rail or power.
Their country is a verdant m?dawe .W
e. and their prospects ibsl"rtnS PW' f
ultimate civilisation encouraging.
The Neenerces are, upon the whole; tbe
brightest example of the beneficial infiuence
of missionary labor in that part of the world;
and I have much pleasure in Bearing testi
mony so distinctly favorable to a cause of
such diabtereeted bene voJsjo Mtbat Which
has produced so happy a change in, the con
dition of that remarkable people.'
BaAVTirtn.. -The Portuguese give the
very poetical name of ejininf ( little angels)
to young children, when they die; and con
sidering that they are at once translated to
heaven, without the unpleasant, passage
through purgatory, instead of mourning r
them, they rejoice, putting on tbeir gayest
attire.; thus- at their funeral no nan nppeers
in black, and the parent nre congratulated
instead of oondoled with. How much more
rational are they who thus, meet death with
smiles, than those who look upon him aa tbe
King of Terrors. ? i
""CAJcrHoa Laurel-The camphor laurel
grows in great abundance, ana to a very
considerable size, in the forests of Japan.
It ia not uncommon in green houses in
England. Every part of the tree saaeUs
strongly of camphor, which is obtained uon
tbe trunk, branches and iootobJation;
They nre out down into ' aBsaUipfeflijs, naad
put. into n atill with ft quantity , oTwaUr.
After the water has been kept boiling forty,
eight hours, the camphor is found to adhere
to straw,' with which the head of the, still is
lined, b thknUtoJt;imbortad;bytbe
Dutch, and U pallsd, crude os4nphor.,;,It is
purified, by ntnasond aubUmatsNt in ,gUm
veessls, W mixed .whhe,uWietocem-
VAnm mtHYk mnrf nrwvpnt inv tmnv rASMStlfl Oil
with which K maybo contamtnated'fWnr sttb- 'fcr; In Me)rtce(Hl'tt'
liming while 'tho camphor concretes ih'the seoutaroWrgy) IT88 'i
upper part of the vessel into canes"" 3 ; owning pfeesny
mini asnand nnsl
tnertja etsjnes 1
purpose is, to carry tbe
a m tf . .
aneve tne asatan,(nnsty,ii
anary Ufe, tntttit annn
tn hreatns into aV
eiens ernotien.'.i.kreTsnla ntiniJ
nessof nature, srinnn anek-,hni. i
early feelinr. revivee
which warmed the 'springtime of
refines yoaihAil lore. stTsnsthssisi
est in human nature by vrrid dsMisnnjieT
iu tenderest and loftiest fnaHngaJ sfsnan
our sympathies oyer all olaeaes of r society.
and, through tbe brightness ol jito Rtorikstfc
th to Uy noldonfntiw
visions, helps aitl
Tarn ALinatf a .Votnn " Am yen snjy
vor ef hienaisl ssssJorw nf lbs Lsahsstneit"
asksd aasanager of an eleotfon nsAJnanant
of n voter: -bj.sV i mtiUi,n
, "Wbol" sayatho voter, whose neanra wee
Anoe Vensy, and,wkhal, tolsrabty ftaea
" Are yea, in &yer of. biennial asnamnof
the Iragialature sir!? 1 ioL'v.-r.i ji
Biennial Sessious I I, dent ; knew hia
Ia be any kin to JZwt. ffinsiona.sk Efjst
is, I'U b d d ef you ketob,ni;n votiVsnr
fite I bad long with Befe.,Jsssksjhjnj: j
Sbelby-didyont" ,--- -
answsHyea or nnwiwrfenf't'y5w'sw.v,,'a
' I does'nt know what you: nWa'sVye
ya and nu'si but Y Hm
fureny uv the sHnisms niniKy; n4MwM .
can ex it i BXlJfmmHammmmm.,r
--jeeta nwrnb mr3ttvneninest
J4S. "tl M.4US V 1 rtfc UNM v )
HI ! ?' ' Frt.vh J:'
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