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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 15, 1846)
Fit Dm Oragas Bfectatar.
IT MAX. SSUfTAN.
Trw- lfe Gfc-J ( MM iw."
Aa alow ear wapaarslel tea track,
Their mum th teas earth efeaviaf
Aad ton all il leekiaf seek,
fa that dear laad thtvt MtTiaaw
So toth to part from aU we tore,
Frest all the Hake Out Wad as,
Ttam ear heerai wharar we rove,
To thoee we've left behind a.
Whaa roaad tko bowl of Taafahad yean,
We talk of jovoue aaomiif ,
sura nim wai mini wau do icw,
WWW mwn'ry brinea as sack again,
Bach amy ue teat twtad m,
O tweet tbo cop that elide then,
To thceo we're left behind ua.
Aad when ia ether clime we iheet,
Some iate or rale etehanling,
Where all looks wild, flowery and tweet,
And nasffct bat lore ie wanting,
We tbJak how neat had been our bike,
If heave had but aaiigned ua
To lira aad die mid tcenee like this,
With aaaae we're left behind ua. ?
Yet we hare made a home once more,
In the Willamette ralley,
And all the boya, both nch and poor,
May go and court Mini Sally,
At to myaslf, I count me bleat,
If you will all excuse me,
To eaao the pain that'a in my breaat,
III go and court Mi Stay.
J Washington, May 19, 1840.
In Senate. Mr. Benton, from Committee
on Military Affairs, reported " An act sup
plementary to an Act to provide for the pros
ecution of the existing war between the Re
public of Mexico and the United States, and
for other purposes."
"Mr. Lewis called up the bill making up
propriations for the support of the Post Office
Department for the year 1847.
Mr. Speight skid he should not oppose tho
bill, but he proceeded to denounce tiio cheap
postage system as a scheme to keep up high
taxes a handmaid to the tariff a burden
upon one section of the country for the ben
efit of another. He complained that it had
broken up the stage lines in his section of the
country, and destroyed the facilities of trav
eling. He inquired whether the Committco
on Post Offices and Post Roads intended to
report a bill to-repeal or alter the existing
t Mr. Niles in reply, observed that the Com
niittee had not thought it their duty to re
commend any change. He was surprised
at the denunciation of .what-he regarded as
one or tne most beneboial pieces of legisla
tion ever consummated. As to the stage
lines, they had hitherto been a burden of a
million a year on the Department, and had
nothing to do with the conveyance of the
Mr. Niles said the Postmaster of New
York had informed him than the increase of
letters in his office was astonishing and he
(Mr. N.) was satisfied that after the next let
tings, the Department would cease to be a
burden upon the Treasury.
Mr. Calhoun inquired what was the defi
cit in the revenue this year, compared with
Mr. Niles replied that he believed it was
about 45 per cent on the first six months.
Some conversation ensued upon tho mode
of compensating Postmasters, and the bill
was then passed over until tomorrow.
The Committee on Foreign Relations made
a report upon the subject of the claim of the
owners of the brig Gen. Armstrong against
the Government of Portugal which was or.
dered to be printed.
The French Spoliation bill, being the spe
cial order of the day, was then taken up.
Mr. Morehead made a powerful speech in
behalf of tho claimants, and left off without
closing his argument. The Senate then ad
journed. Home of Rcpruentativet.Army Bill.
The House then went Into Committee of the
Whole upon the Army Bill.' Mr. Black of
a. u. aaareeeea we Committee briefly in re.
card to the rations received by officers of the
Amy with a jiew of equalizing them, and
inducing Americans to volunteer in the de
fence of the country.
Mr. Black proposed two sections to the Bill
the first of whioh abolished all doublo ra
tions. These extra allowances were made
to officers commanding military posts, dis
triota, or tUrJtiou. There were from thirty
to fifty of 1aieteoffiof.ri fa the U. 8. These
officers performed the lightest duties and re
ceivod the best pay. Thero should be as
much allowed to officers fighting tho battles
ofvthe country as to those in command of
The second section proposed by him was
to repeal the sorvice or " longevity ration"
allowed by tho law of 1838, which gavo an
additional ration for every five years' sorvice,
and it made no difference if in the meantime
the officor had risen from a lieutenant to tho
rank of a colonel. To equalizo tho uav. tho
double and service rations ought to bo repeal
ed. Either the pay should be increased to
the volunteers, or decreased to amount of ex
tra allowances given to tho officers of tho
Mr. Tibbatts proposed for every officer
who would volunteer in tho service, 100
acres of land if he would sorvo faithfully to
the end of the war, anil an additional pay to
each soldier of 93 during tho war. This", he
argued, was but an act of justice, and it
would be an outrage upon all true economy
u prosccuto tho war which had been com
menced in a niggardly way.
The people of this country had as much
patriotism as any class of men in the world,
but they wcro not, therefore, to sow. their
country for nothing. They were not able to
do this. The standing army had been in
creased to the number of 100 men for each
company. This increase existed but on pa
per, and there would be no such increase.
The battles of the country had to bo fought
by volunteers alone, and tho country must
rely upon them, and pay them well for their
Mr. T. (lofended tho Executive for all that '
had been dono by him in reference to this '
war. Mr. T., before closing, congratulated
Congress and tho country upon the war news
which had been received.
Mr. Dromgoole, of Virginia, in like man
ner defended the acts of the Executive, and
tho right of Texas and the United States to
all the country upon the left bank of the Rio
Grande. Mr. D. was for prosecuting the
war with vigor, now that it had commenced.
He would carry tho war into the enemy's
country, and in view of the proclamation of
Ampudia, recently published, he would hang
him up for it, as we had a right to do, under
the laws of nations.
Mr. Hunt, of New York, said ho was one
of the members who had originally been op.
posed to the annexation of Texas, but he had
acquiesced in that measure when it was done.
He had, however, predicted that the conse
quences would be war. Nothing less was
to be expected.
cut in his acquiescence or annexation he
had not agreed that a part of tho Mexican
territory should be seized, which ho con
tended was done, by sending the army to tho
Rio Grande and claiming that for the boun
dary between the two Governments lino
to which we had no just claim or constitu
Mr. Cooke, of Tenn., addressed the com
mittee briefly in conclusion of the day. He
was not disposed to inquire now whether there
had been any violation of power or not. He
saw danger, and was prepared to meot it,
and for lending the entire energies of the
government for tho vigorous prosecution of
Mr. C. was advocating the 910 per month
for the pay of the soldiers, when the hour of
two o'clock arrived, and the voting com
menced upon tho pending and othor amend
ments. The chair ruled the amendment of Mr.
Tibbatts to be out of order.
The amendment reducing the rations was
rejected by a vote of 91 nays to 67 yeas.
The amendment appropriating $2,000,000
for the expenses incident to the increasing
of the army was carried without a count.
The bill was then ' reported to tho House,
where Mr. Jones, of Ga., moved tho previous
question, which was seconded by tho House.
Mr. J. R. Ingersoll called for the yeas and
nays upon the amendment, limiting the tra
velling expenses of the officers of the army
to six cents a mile. This was carried, Yeas
105, nays 89.
The bill was then passed by a vote of,
yeas 101, nays none. Several territorial
bills were then reported, and the House ad
journed. A fop, about starting down to New Or.
leans, proposed to purchase a life preserver,
"Oh, you'll not want it," suggested the
clerk" kttqfvmd won't tink?p
Christianitv. Notwithstanding all the
objections which infidels and skeptics have
brought aguinst Christianity, yet it hnu noth
ing to fear from impartial examination. It
will bear tho closest inspection of tho most
wise, and outstand all the virulent attempts
of tho most wicked. It will afford instruction
to tho philosopher, however exalted, mid ren
der consolation to tho ignorant, however
wretched. It doctrines are sublime, just,
and pure ; its precepts uro founded on the
most consummate wisdom, truth, and Jove,
every way calculutcd to promote tho holiness,
peace, and interest of mankind. Its privi
leges are great and extensive, allowing its
votaries the most noble ami refined pleasures
in the present state, and oponing before them
a boundless prosoct of immortality and glory
in the future.
As to the effects of Christianity, they have
been and still aro considerable, and afford at
least a collateral proof of tho superiority and
excellency of the system. " Destitute of all
human advantages," says one, " protected by
no authority, ussistod by no art ; not recom
mended by the reputation of its authors, not
enforced by eloquenco in its advocates, the
word of God grow mighty and prevailed.
Twelve men, poor, artless, and illiterate, we
behold triumphing over tho fiercest and most
determined opposition ; over the tyrannies
of tho magistrate and the subtleties of the
philosopher ; over the prejudice of tho Gen
tile and the bigotry of the Jew."
" The religion of Jesus," says Bishop
Taylor, " trampled over thc'philosophy of the
world, the arguments of the subtil, the dis
courses of tho eloquent, the power of princes,
the interest of states, the inclination of nature,
tho blindness of zeal, the force of custom, the
solicitation of passions, the pleasure of sin,
ind the busy arts of tho devil.
Sir Isaao Newton set out in life a clamor
ous infidel, but on a nico examination of the
evidences for Christianity, he found reason to
change his opinion. When tho cclcbnUcd
Dr. Edmund Halley was talking infidelity
before him, Sir Isaac addressed him in these
qr the liko words : " Dr. Halley, I am al
ways glad to hear you when you' speak about
astronomy, or other parts of the mathematics,
because that is a subject you have studied,
and well understand ; but you should not
talk of Christianity, for you have not studied
it. I have, and am certain that you know
nothing of the matter." This was a just
reproof, and ono that would bo very suitable
to be given to half the infidels of tho present
day, for they oAcn speak of what they have
never studied, and of what, in fact, they arc
entirely ignorant. Dr. Johnson, theroforc,
well observed, that no honest man could be
a deist, for no man could be so afier a fair
examination of the proofs of Christianity. On
the name of Ilumo being mentioned to him,
"no sir," said he, "Ilumo owned to a clergy
man in the bishopric of Durham, that ho had
never read the New Testament with atten
tion." Lord Bacon, toward tho latter end of his
life, said, that a little smattering of philoso
phy would lead a man to Atheism, but a
thorough insight of it would lead a man back
again to a first cause, and thut the first prin
ciple of right reason is religion ; and seri
ously professes, that, after all his studies
and inquisitions, he durst not dio with any
other thoughts than those of religion, taught
us it is professed among tho christians. To
tho above we may add tho names of Mr. C.
Gildon, Lord Lyttleton, Gilbert West, Esq.,
Soame Jenyns, Esq., and, the late Sir John
Pringle, who, though they had imbibed de
ifjtical principles, were afterward converted
to tho christian faith, and four out of tho five
wrote in defence of it.
Infidels should never talk of our giving up
Christianity till they can proposo something
superior to it. Lord Chostcrfield's answer,
therefore, to an irifidol lady was vory just.
When at Brussels, ho was invited by Vol
tairo to sup with him and with Madamo C.
The conversation happoning to turn upon tho
affairs of England, " I think, my Lord," said
Madamo C, "that the parliament of Eng
land consists of five or six hundred of the
best informed and most sensible men in tho
kingdom." " True, Madamo, thoy aro go
nerally supposed to be so." " What, then,
my Lord, can bo tho reason that thoy toler
ato so great an absurdity as tho christian re
ligion?" " I suppose, Madame," replied his
Lordship, "it is because they have not been
ablo to substitute ariV thing better in its stead;
whon thoy can, I don't doubt but in their
wisdom tbey will readily adopt H."
Christianity is tho test system for raising
the standard of morals, and promoting tho
happiness of a government. Tho French,
after making the boldest experiment in pro
fuuenoaa over made by a nation in casting off
its God, and fo a timo seriously deliberating
whether there should bo any God at all;
afior madly stamping on the cross of Christ,
unci attempting to establish order on the busls
of a wild and profligate philosophy ; wure
obliged at length to bid'un orator tell the abu
sed multitudo, that under u philosophical re
ligion, every social liond was broken in pieces;
and that uhristianity, or something like it,
must be reestablished to preserve any degree
ol order or ocoency
WKAI.TH AND COMMEUCi: OF LONDON.
Loudon is tho point of-mtcr-communicn-tion
between colonies which stretch almost
from the North Pole from Canada to the
Capo of Good Hope and which brings the
indigo of India, and tho wool of Australia,
from the antipodes, to enrich the mnuufac
turcn. of Leeds. It is the seat of a com
incrco that would seem fabulous to thy mcr.
chants of Venice, Tyro, and Carthago, in
tho olden times !
Thero we're 100,000 houses of business,
to half of which shops wcro attachrd, and
all the details were upon the same gigantic
scale. The water companies supplied '237,
000,000 hogsheads per year; the gas com
panics supplied 10,000,000 cubiuufect every
twenty-four hours; of ulc and iier thero
wore consumed 2,000,000 barrel every
year; at Smithficld in 1830, there were
sold cattle, 160,70; sheep, 1,103,100;
there came 70,000,000 eggs annually from
.the continent ; the paving and sewerage of
London cost 500,000 per annum ; its news,
paper used 30,000,000. stamp, per annum; its
steamboats carrier! 10,000 passengers daily,
in pursuit of business or hculth ; 1,000 miles
of railway was completed at a cost of 17,
000,000, and fiO canals at a cost of 14, 500,
000, connecting it with the most distant parts.
The monthly business transacted by London
bankers through the clearing-house, avera
gcd 75,000,000. Put all these elements
together add the intelligence and enter
prise of the London merchants the skill
and industry of her people ami London
may challenge tliG world to produce such a
combination f power und wealth. Then
take the population in London. In 1801, it.
was888,108; in 1831,1,508,400; in 1841,
1,833,00!) ; or 3,000,000 in round numbers,
now. Its length from cast to west was five
miles and a half; or reckoning from Chel
sea to Blackwall, seven miles and a half. Its
breadth from north to south was three miles
and a half a principality of brick. It had
a river which marked it out for the scat of
commerce, from the earliest times, crossed
by six bridges, which cost 5,000,000 ; Lon
don alone, cost 2,000,000; Southwark,
800.000 ; Waterloo, 1,180,000. The Lon
dor jcks covered 100 acres the vaults con
turning cellarage for 05,000 pipes of wine ;
the West India docks, 205 arrcs spuce for
500 vessels ; the Commercial docks, 40 acres,
(40 water,) used principally for tho Baltic
trade ; und St. Katharine's docks, 24 ucres,
(11 J water.) The port of London, in 1840,
received 2,950 ships tonnage, 591,000
manned by 32,000 men. Tho tonnage of
the colliers in tho river, in tho samo year,
was 2,628,325. Tho tonnage of vessels
trading with the colonics, (1,083 ships) in
that year was 417,130; with Ireland, (007
ships) 142,000; and those engaged in tho
coasting trade, colliers included, (20,205
ships) 2,080,021 ; 3,106 British, and 2,335
foreign vessels, of 021,404 tons; total ton
nage, 4,107,164 from Russia, Sweden, Ger
many, Holland, France, tho Mediterranean,
China and tho Unilcd States. London had
paid, upon an average of tho last ten years,
11,000,000 in custom duties out of tho
23,500,000 to which tho total customs rev
enue of tho United Kingdom amounts. The
valuo of tho produco that entered and left
her port had been roughly estimated at
800,000,000 per annum ; while 2,000 mer
chants and brokers had thoir counting-houses
within a mile and a half of tho Exchange.
New Science. Tho science of imbuing
tho minds of tho rising generation with ele.
ments of aristocracy is termed by tho United
States Journal, tho .science of Haughty-ov-ture
or a method of refining tho breed or
ii ln Mu In. what a beautiful skv
how I admire it." "Yes, John, I wish I
wu a s-k-y."v