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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (July 23, 1846)
THE SPEC TAT OR,
II. A. O. LKK, rulTQIU J. KI.EMINU, ra.
Oregon City, j4'
O" Duncan McLean wait committed to jnil on Yr
day last, (17Ui inst.,) ou suspicion of having murdered
O" The Rt. Rev. Nohbeut Blanciiftt was conr
crated Bishop of Oregon territory oil tlio 15th of July,
1845, in the Roman Catholic Cathedral, at Montreal,
A mvr to fUBtcaiDEKH. A Sandwich Island paper
cayr, that for n year it lind but one delinquent subscri
ber. Think of this, ) e civ ilued christians.
Tilt Statute Law of Ontuo.v The publication
of the law In suspended for the present, the governor
not feeling himself authorhed to fill, by executive ap
pointment, the vacancy occasioned by the death of Dr.
Long, who was appointed by the legislature to revise
rod prepare said law for publication.
We fire below a copy of the Proclamation haued by
Wm. B. Ide, one of the cmi(rrant from the U. States
to California. Mr. Ide b. said to 1 a Mormon ue of
the twelve apostlca of Jo Smith. He has a small body
of armed men united with him, and under his com
mand; they haw succeeded in taking possession of
Sonoma, which the commander now makes'liis head
quarters, and from which he hmics the following
M To all person, cititcrei of Sonoma, requesting them to
remain at peace, and to follow their rightful occu-
nations without fear of molestation.
" The commander-in-chief of the troops assembled
at the fortress of Sonoma, gives his inviolable pledge tn I
all persons in California, not found under arm, that I
k .u.u nni lw J'uturtird in tlieir Demons, their pro-1
party or social relations, one to auother, by men under
" He also solemnly declares his object to be, first, to
defend himself and companions in arms, who were in
vited to this country by a promise of lands on which to
ettk themMsIviw mid families; who were alo proiniM-d
a republican government ? who, when having urned
in California, were dciiyed even the privilege of buy
ing or renting lands of their friends ; who, instead of
being allowed to participate in. or being protected by
a republican government, were oppressed by a military
despot mi ; who were eveu threatened by proclama
tion from the chief officer of the aforesaid despotism,
.with extermination if they would not depart out of the
country leaving all their property, their arms and
beasts of burden ; and thus deprived of the means of
flight or defence, we were to bo driven through desert
inhabited by hostile Indians to certain destruction.
" To overthro v a gov eminent which has seized upon
the property of the Mission for it individual aggran
dizement: which has ruined and shameful!) oppressed
the laboring people of California by their enormous ex
action on goods imported into this country, is the de
ttrmintd purpose ot the brave men who are associated
under his command.
" He also solemnly declares his object in the second
place, to be, to unite all peaceable mid good citizens of
California, who are friendly to the maintenance of
good order and equal rights, (and I do hereby invito
them to repair to my camp at Sonoma without delay,)
to assist us in establishing und perpetuating a republi
can government, which shall secure to all civil and re
ligious liberty ; which shall detect and punish crime ;
which shall encourage industry, virtue and literature;
which shall leave unshackled, by fetters of commerce,
agriculture and mi chanhmi.
" He further declares that hu relien upon the recti
tude of our intentions; the favor of heaven and the
bravery of those who are bound to and associated witli
him by the principle of self-preservation ; by the love
of truth and by the hatred of tyranny for his hopes of
5' Ho further declares, that ho believes that a gov
ernment to be prosperous und happyfying in its ten
dency, mutt originate with its cop!e, who ore friend
ly to its existence ; that it citizens are its guardians ;
its officers and its servants, and its glory, tlieir reward.
(' SO.) WILLIAM B. IDE,
"Head Quartern, Sonoma, June 15, imG."
There an- many things in the ubove which w cannot
comprehend, and which we think will be found hard to
be understood by most of our rcudcrs such, for instance,
as the ip-i'atiou givm to Mr. Ide and his party to im
mir.ate to California by the promise of lands and the
enjoyment of n republican government. The Procla
mation leaves us entirely in the dark as to the tuurer
from whence those promises emanated whether from
the proper authorities of California, or from some indi
vidual wishing to settle a colony in that country ; not
are we informed as to whom the promises were made
whether to Mr. Ide &. Co., at Mormon, or an Ameri
can citizens. The whole affair, however, is but another
fact in evidence of the now unquestionable truth, that
the spirit of republicanism and free trade is abroad in
the world, and its tread is disturbing the protracted re
pose of Mars, tfie-godof battles. Republicanism in
tka proper sense of the ttno, like all other truths has
aettung to.fear so much, as the indiscretion of her
GREAT TIRE IN NEW yOKK.JULY 19, 1845.
Abridgtd from the account in the A. Y. Spectator.
New York has fallen again, wo regret to say, Into
the line of great conflagrations. The fire originated
in the four story brick building, Not 34, New street
soon communicated with Crocker iV Warren's store in
Broad-st., in which a very largo quantity of saltpetre
blew up, with one of the most tremendous explosions
ever heard or fell in that cit). The building itself was
scattered in fragments in uu instant, together with sev
eral adjoining stores, und ti or six on the opposite side
of Broad Mn et. The shock was felt fur and near. A
number of doors were blown open in IW-nt., and shut
ters dealt with in the same, wny in (ireenwich street
The window? of the American Exchange Bank, though
of plate glass three-eight of tin inrli thick, were com
pletely chattered. After the explosion, it was seen that
several buildings, in different directions, hud taken fire
and were bunting simultaneously. The fire extended
through New street, and the whole of that street from
Exchange to Heuvcr street, is in ashes. In Broad-st
the destruction is immense both sides of that noble
street, from Exchange-place to Marketfield street, in
cluding three imbibers ubove, on each wile, being one
maes of smoking ruins, with not a wall standing. From
New strei t the fire soon extended to Broadway, sweep
ing all before it. The w hole of the east side of Broad
way from the Wnverly House, including that noble
hotel, to the Bowling (Jrecu, was consumed. The fire
went through Beaver and Stone to Murkelfield street.
The (lames soon crossed Broadway, and burned all the
building from Morris street to No. l.'i. From the lat
ter building it extended went toward (irceuwkji, but
fortunately did not reach that street. A number of
live were lost. N. York readers arc aware that the
burnt district is the most iinjwrtaiit and valuable part
of the cit) , being composed of large and costly build
ings, filled with expensive inercliauJize. The French
mid German merchant!- congregated chielly in that
The following tub!; show something in the neigh
borhood of the uwiilx r of lions, deMroy,-d:
New street.. . 'M
Broad-M - W
Exchange-place . .... 30
Bemer street. .... 11
South William-M.. . ....... 16
Markotricld-t ... 33
Stone-it T". "- 9
A In nrc miiioritv of u h'ieh wen- w h tl are called first
elass Mores. Total low estimated at fclS.WHT.OOO
i. . ..r ..- - .- uUi fill OI7 rUKI I
lUVteS Ul UIC MlSUlUH-.n I.UIIIIUII hhi l.r ,www.
For the Spectator.
J Mb. EtJiTor. A venomous or splenetic tirade came
I forth m No. 11 of the Spectator, under the signature of
X. Y. '.., aping ii review or criticism of certain amuset
menu, tli' atricals, improvements, Ac, contributed to
' your column in former number. Not to mention the
ill.conden.sed aspen-ions of this "judgment passing"
1 gentleman, it us evident that he has either hud much
( difficulty in hutching this rlmpsod) of unmeaning a.
' tevcratioiM, or that ho bun suffered th torture of poor
I Mr. Caudle in " curiam Icctun k," as one paragraph of
his production breathes the very essence of envy, where
lie alludes to the flatterine compliments paid to the
beauty, grace, &c.,of the ladies ol Tuulaty Plains who
attended these innocent guitics, and which he in the
supremacy of his wisdom, seems disposed to condemn.
Hearhim ! " I cannot but think that one of the young
ladies mentioned, would blush if imo of her acquain
tances, even in jest, were to ask her if she were one of
the fair sex whose numu was paraded in the Spectator
uu possessing so much beuut) , cure, uud grace in her
step." I do not know the fair on whom this judge of
j accomplishments is so invidious to oiiit out, butol tlii
i I urn certain, that the ladies alluded to, in our estima
, tion, combined ull the qualities inentiom d, with ull de
I ference tn the experience und profound judgment of
this would-be, dictutor of (arte. Had hi 'Mrs. Cuudle'
or lady love been present ut the sports, und partaken of
these deserved encomiur-iJ, this sneer at the " so many
I hut went from the Tualaty Plains." would have most
likely been spared. But it is to the concluding sen-
tenco of this gruff complainant, that I mow particu
I lurl) advert- His plenitude of intellect would point out
to you, sir, thut vour columns should be taken up with
I something more instructive than Oregon fashions, thea
I tres, &.c. You are the best judge of this, I presume;
but we wonder that he has been so late in enlighteuing
the public with something of u graver cast, more sage,
und of a deeper dye, than this bilious emission which
' ho has now discharged. In a rising colony like Ore
I gon, surely there can he no impropriety or harm in ap
i prizing the world, through )our columns, that we ud
vance in industry, in buildings, in passage bouts, and
' that ther lire recreations and diversions to those who
' have a taste for them, notwithstanding the illiberal
I snarls of this sapient critic. The press, the palladium
of liberty, ond conductor of information from the high
est to the lowest subject in ull civilized countries, which
ww take it for granted this " Delphiun oracle" must
know, allots a space for local improvement, theatres,
balls, A,c, and generally gives a list of the company
present nt the latter; und we have only to refer him to
the. New York and Imdoii papers where he will find
"more outrugeoiw und ridiculous excess," (his own
pretty quotution,) in advertisements, thun that of the
' gummed, caulked and greased boats" which is so of
fenslve to his refined feelings. It has even gone the
rounds of the public prints, that the greul lawyer and
orator Lord Brougham, is the best Polka dancer in
Europe. Who knows but we might yet hear of some
of the Oregnuiau legal functionaries taking to this
amusement, as remarkable occurrences take place in
evcrv corner of the globe, of men daily changing their
"oiiinions, principles, and manners.
i cniuni aw wm
FHrtk of July at Halcm.
At the close of the oration, which will be found on
the fourth page of this aper, tho company was march
ed to the dinner table, which was laden with the Ore
gon substantias, even to breaking down. After din
ner urn following toasts were reaa: :
I. The Dag ue CelehraleM gave, birth to odd of
the proudest republics ever known in the annals of the
world. May lis return be hailed with gratitude by all
true Americans. j
S!. The Framer of the Declaration of Intlepeif
dence Tlieir liumes are immortal; they rest from their
labors; long live their glories; peuc-r to then' shades.
3. Utorge Waihington name embalmed m the,
heart of ever)' patriot ; great in goodness, and go6d m
4. The OJJicet of the American Revolution1
flrave, intrepid, Unyielding in their counlrie's cause '
wv, their children, reap the reward of their labors.
5. The Soldier, who, wheii our rights were iuva-'
ded, gloriously volunteered in defence of equal rights, (
and poured out tlieir blood to water the tree of liberty
which was just budding quiet lie their repose beneath ,
the lonely mound on the blood drenched field ; may
we, their children, never waste oor inheritance, or dis
honor the flag which they have gloriously planted.
6. Our Mother, xeho lived through the Revolu
tion May our sisters emulate tlieir example.
7. Our County The Beacon Star to nations; the
birth-place of freedom ; so long as liberty shall find an
abiding place ou the earth, America will be hailed m
8. The Pretident of the United State The peo
pie's choice, and Oregon's friend, will teach the ty- i
rant's of the earth that freemen, in defence of tlieir (
nghts, are invincible.
U. The Army and Nary of the failed State
May they ever bo cheered by the consistent example
of their predecessors. j
10. American You have nothing In feur w,hile
every man erects the pyramid of his own fniue. '
II. The Sage of the Hermitage Like Joshua of
old, commanded anil monopoly stood still. I
12. The Confutation of the Untied State The
great chart of freemen's rights. '
13. The American Fair May thoy continue m
accomplishments, which adds so much lustre to beau
t) and innocence.
y iYaiwcon tt. llran. Mrs. Uomifm A: Mss
Loofv To whune libcrulity mid patriotism we un
indebted for the Banner presented to, and so enthu
siastically received by, the Oregon Rangers.
Ity H. . Wilton Jahkh K. Polk ami the In
m.nb MsnciE May its noble principle- be carried out.
After which the assembly repaired to the stand, and
Utencd with great attention tn a sermon from Rev. Mr. i
Fur die Spectator.
Mr. Editor Since my Inst commtiiiiition,
wu have had four ship arrivals, ljut I urn not
curtain that this will much relievo our lor-
mcr condition; two or them belong to the
Hudson's Bay Company, one only of which '
hus goods on her, and the remaining two are j
under the control of Mr. Stark, supercargo,
and agent of the house at this pluce, which
is coniH'cted with that of Bciihon A: Brothers, I
New York. The vessels of the II. B. Co.
are confined to the htisines-s of thut company,
mid the other two are American vessels, uud
com ne themselves to the trado of the house
just mentioned, refusing freight unless ut SO'
per cent, on former prices, and passage nt
100 per cent. Thus our inonotioly works,
which scents to derive assistance from one of
the papers at the Sundwich Islands. The
avenues of trade are closed to all but those
connected with these companies. They fix
the price of their merchandize und that of our
burplus produce, to suit an insatiable thirst ,
for sain, whilst our indigent families and un
offending women und children must puy the '
penalty. I will give an example : Lust full,
uftcr the lurgo emigrating party hud arrived, I
it was ascertained thut salt would be scarce;
it immediately raised from G2J cts. per hush
el, (tho price wo hud formerly puiil for it at
Vancouver,) to that of 82 cash, und wus sold
through the winto-, ut tho More of John Me.
Laughlin, at this price, whilst this sum, in
cash, was not sufficient to sutisfy tho cupidi
tyof Mr. Stark arid I'. W. Pettygrovo, who
control the houso at this place, connected
with thut of Benson & Brothers, having the
monopoly of the salmon trado in view, they
refused sale, at all prices, leaving many of
our families, who hud means to pay, without
this necessary seasoning in their beverage,
for months ut a time, when they had hum
dreds of hushed in store, and hud uctuully
effected tho ofijpct I supposed they had in
view. 1 have before stated that the credit
system had ceased, and tho goods uro puid
for cither in cash, lumber, or wheat deliver
cd at the grancrics or mills of the mcrchunts,
and orders at the stares must ho based upon
tho deposit of these articles tho price of the
latter urticle, which is a staple production of
this country, is purchased at prices regula
ted by the Hudson's Bay Company and Ameri
can merchants, which is from 00 cts, to tl
per imperial measure, if sold to tho H. B.
Company; or, in other words, from'OO to 100
dollars lor one hundred and eleven bushels
American measure This is paid for, as well
as all other surplus productions of this conn
trv, in dry goods and groeories ulnne. I uu.
derstand that the price fixed for wheat by thtt
II. B. Company, the ensuing year, is that of
(10 cents per bushel, whilst the New York
papers, just received, tell us Unit 81 !H) to
81 :.r cts. cash per bushel, American mca
sure, is paid for un article which is undoubt
edly inferior to ours; while hundreds of bar
rcN thus purchased, are shipped on a voy
uge of six mouths urouuti Cttpo Horn, und
sold ut Honolulu the same market ut which
most of ours is disposed of. Thus we huve
a dnla to calculate their profits, und must tie.
mnnd u solution of this phenomenon by those
who understand it, i it h not the effects of
monopoly, und u speedy relief by those who
have it in their jiovver.
President Polk says in his message that we
have a just right to complain of the tardy
movements or neglect of our government.
We join him iiw heartily, and would ask
this relief, if none other, thut the supplies for
the American navy, now in the Pueific, be
purchased in this valley, not of the various
monopolies which control the markets, but of
the Imihc and inewaur k.uiu:hs. Our mer
chants with ships, who wish to cifib.irk in this
trade, would do well to send some of tliem
here, us freight, Are., is nearly ns Utn from
the Sundwich Islands to this plure as from
New York here. We give the prices of the
Toulon on her last voyage trom Honolulu,
which vessel made the Colombia river in 22
days: Freight per ton 821; per hnriel 8fl;
cabin passage 8100 ; stierogedo. 810 ; and
Ylirsp vessels-, now in port, demand an in
crease in freight Iroin 810", the former piice
for shipping lumber to Honolulu, to that of
821 per ton, wlnlst the prices on freight und
pivag from New; York to this place, are ns
follow h: Per ton "SiW per barn I 8U ; and
we understand that letters have been rceriv.
ed from Mr. (Jriijis, at Honolulu, njrent of
Capt. Couch and .Mr. Abernethv, who sent
freight thither on the Toulon, that the super
cargo refused them freight nt these puces,
having in view the spruly sale and high pri
ces of his own jioods, which the urgent dr.
mauds of this community were certain to in
sure, unless thev would furnish him a thou
sun! barrels ut these exorbitant n cs, wl.ich
of course, could not be furiiisiud, and has
actunlh brought one vessel from thence to
this place in ballast, leaving flir.so goods, at
the Islands, and this community suffering the
penalty, whilst ue are compelled to make a
merit of necessity, by stiming to jield, with
grace, that which we know we have not the
power, at pribcnt, to control. Such bargains
us these muy uppease the ca.y consciences
of gentlemen accustomed to the chicunery
mid frauds which sometimes accompany mo
nopolies, und it muy not be contrary to our
code of civil jurisprudence, but if iikAvf.n's
cimncf.ry.)ius justice, they will be set asido
on the grounds of tiuncss in thut high court;
und it will be long before wrongs like these
ure forgotten by this community.
If, by these statements, it should reflect on
the conduct cf some of our merchants, the
blame is not ut our door. My business is
with fuels ; and I have no inclination to
shrink from the responsibility, when the buf
ferings of u community us large as this, mist
pay the penalty of its suppression ; ant 1
earnestly invite correction by those interest
ed, or any of their friends, in every instance,
should my statements, require it, und I shall
strictly uvoid ituting uhuvl have reason to
believe is incorrect, or which I have not au
thority to produce in substantiating it.
M. M. McCARVER.
OCT The governor of Maine is baid to be a
shipwright. The governor of New Hampshire
is a wheelwright, and a native of North Caro
lina; but Mississippi can bent the whole union
at that game, us sbo can at almost uny other
making cotton, brcuking down bunks,wcrk.
ing out of debt, and breeding giraffes. She
elected three mechanics to the highest offices
in her gift a tailor, a suddlcr, und a black-
smith. Sim is the 'only stato in the union
where the pooplc are literally sovereigns, and
have all tho power in their own lianas.
NOTICE ii hereby given, that the subscriber hu
been duly appointed administrator of the estate
of Dr. John E. Long, late of CUckamu county, de
cerned; and has taken upon himself that trust, by giv
ing bonds, as the law directs. And all persons having
demands upon the estate of the said John E. Long, aro
required to exhibit the same and nil perrons Indebted'
to tho said estate, are called upon to make payment to
WTEIt G. STEWART,
Oregon City, July S3. 184C-13U AdnVr.