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About Oregon spectator. (Oregon City, O.T. [i.e. Or.]) 1846-1855 | View Entire Issue (June 11, 1846)
called up by Mr. Fairfield. The general ex.
Creation of opinion in the aenato waafnvora.
lo to the continuance or peace. The war
feeling, if tlioro has been any, ia considered
an absurdity. Mr. Fairfield's object waa to
amiffii a day for the consideration of the bill,
but rnf. SpoiKiii, Mr. Allen, and Mr. Sevier,
were opposed to it, unless it ahould appear
that wo were to liavo war, in which case a
much larger appropriation would be neces
sary. It woh said that if tho bill was pressed now,
it would Imj lost. Sotno wished to postpone it
till the Oregon Notice Bill came up, andoth
era to luy it upon the tabic
Mr. Yulce, Mr. Wcxtcott, and Mr. J. M.
Clayton ndvocatcd the bill, an an economical
hnrboM on the Pacific, con nover for a mo
ment bo entertained by tho United State,
without an abandonment of their just and
cleur territorial rights, their own self, respect,
and tho nntionul honor. For the information
of congress, I communicate herewith the cor.
rcNpondenco which took place between tho
two govonimontH during the lato negotiation.
Tho rapid extension of our xcttlemcntH ovor
our territories hori'loforc unoccupied; the ad.
ilition of new states to our confederacy ; the
nxpantiion of froo principloH, and our riding
grcutncift as a nation, arc attracting the at.
tcntion of the powers of Kurone ; and lately
tin doctrine has hron broaehed in itonm of
them, of a "Imluneii of powor" on thin vonti
iii-nl. Id r'lii.-ck (inr iitli'iiiieitmciit. The Uni
ted States, sincerely desirous of preserving ' mode of increasing the navy, and a necoa-
rrlatioim of good utidcrMunding with all na. I ury uuumon 10 us cmcicncy lor sea coast
tioris, cannot in silence pormit any European ""l harbor defence, without reference to the
mtcrferfiice on tho North American conti. question of war or peaco.
uent, uud should unv such intorfen-nce bo I Mr. J. M. Clayton remarked that Mr. So.
uttompted, will be ready to resist it at any und vier hud expressed the opinion a few week
all hazards. "K" ,',ut wur WUH inevitable. He would like
It is well known to the American people to know if the gentleman had changed hia
anil to all nations, that this government has opinion, and for what reason: but if he waa
never interfered with the relations subsisting of the same opinion now, why should ho op
Itetween other governments. Wo have nev. I tho measure for preparation 7
r made ourselves parties to their wars or Mr. Sevier replied, that he had found that
i heir alliances; we haw not sought their tor- the senate would not pass the Notice; and that
ritoriei by couuuest ; wo have not mingled nothing would Imj done to sustain the I'resi
with parties in their domestic struggles; uud i dent on the Oregon question. As proof of thin,
Mieing our own form of government to be two of the motions of the Chairman of tho
the best, we Jtuve nc or attempted to propa- Committee on Foreign Affairs had been re
gate it by intrigues, by diplomaoy.or by force. I jecteil. Of course, if we took no measures
We may claim on this continent n like e. ! ujiou the subject, there would be no war.
einptioii from Kuropouu interference. The- Mr. Allen said that Great Britain was con
nations of America ure cquully sovereign und I lent w ith the present state of things. If wo
indM-udent with thovuf Kurop. The po- did nothing, wo should enjoy the fruilsof our
es the siime riylits, independent nf all f.r. 'masterly inactivity."
urn iiiterHHUion, to inuke war, to conclude ' Mr, llauuegan would not bcliovc, he said,
(M'tice, uud to regulute their intemul affairs. ' thut tho Notice would, fail to pass tho senate.
'I In-people of the United States cannot, there- Ho regarded it as the only means by which
tore, view with indifference attempts ol liu- peace could lie permanently secured. Ho
npeun powers to interfere with the indopen. I af i favor of peace, and therefore of the
i.-iit action of the tuitions on this continent. Notice. He was tired of blustering war
The American system of government is en- jMieeches, and wanted to w some action on
tirely ditlerent from that of Kuropc. Jcal- ! subject. He was in favor of augment.
uny among the different M)orcign. of Eu. iiutlu- Navy without reference to war.
r .pe, lest any one of them might hot-omu too j .Mr. Calhoun wus pleased to hear the sen
pmerful for" the rest, bus caused them nn- fiments ixpressed in this debate. He, too,
i "iislvtodesirc the esialilisliiiientofwhattliev' like the senator from Indiana, waa in favor
turm'the'balaiico of ixmur." it cannot be of an honorablo peace; and he was glad to
permitted tohnve any application-'.! tho Aorth iciirn iromtnc iion.iynairnianoi roreign ai
moricau continent", and rstx-rialiy to the L'. fairs., that tho " masterly inactivity" would
Suite. We must over maintain "the pnnci. maintain peace. Yes, said Mr. Allen, hy
pie, that the people of tins continent alone giving up everything. I
have the right t decide their own destiny. The bill was postponod to next Tuesday.
Should unv portion of them, constitutinir an i Mr. Bogby introduced a short resolution, in.
independent state, proposoto unite themselves' creasing tho term of the president and vice
with our confederacy, this will bo a question president of the U. States to six years, and
for them und us to determine, without any I rendering the president ineligible Tor more
loieitrn interposition. Wo can never consent ' than one term.
that European txiw rs lmll interll-re to pre. ' Also providing that no member of congress
M-ut such a union, because it might disturb (shall be eligible during the term for which
the "haluncc of power" which they may de- - he was elected, or four years after; and that
sire to maintain upon this continent. Near o member during his term shall be appoin.
a quarter of a century ago, the principle wus j ted to the head ot an executive department,
distinctly announced tu the world in the an. Mr. Dix reported a bill establishing a ware
nuol message of one of my predecessors, tliat I housing system.
"the American continents, hy the free nnd in-1 ho house was engaged all day on the
dependent condition which they have usmi- Florida contested election,
med and maintain, nro henceforth not to be ' Wiiiqtox, Thursday, Jan. 99.
considered us subjects for future colonization Mr. Allen made an explanation of some re.
by any European power." This principlo, murks which he made yesterday, as to the
w-ill upply with iucrcuscd force, should any , probability of a war. Ho did not believe that
Kurnpcun power uttempl to establish any now j (treat Britain would declare war on account
colony in North America. In the existing! of Oregon. If she declared war, it would be
circumstances of the world, the present is . for some other and special state reason,
deemed a proncr occasion to reiterate and re. The cntiro and thorough defeat and anni
aflirm the principle avowed hv Mr. Monroe, hilation of tho " war "party" if any there
and to statu my cordial concurrence in its was in tho senate, s a maltor worthy of
wisdom and sound policy. Tho re-assortion
of this principle, csccially in reference fo
North America, is at this day but a promul.
gallon of a policy which no European power
should cherish tho disposition to resist. Ex.
isting rights of every European nation should
bo respected, but it is uliko due to our safety
and our intercsts"that tho efficient protection
ofourlawsshould bo extended over our whole,
territorial limits, and that it should bo dis
tinctly announced to tqe world, as our set.
tied policy, that no futuro European colony
or dominion shall, with our consent, be plant
ed or established on any part of tho North
Cnnm el the llalteal Mtmtct.
Corrwpondenca of tho N. York Journal of Commerce,
,, Wmhukiton, Wednesday, Jan. SI, 1846.
There was much opposition to Mr. SlldelPs
nomination as minister to Mexico, but it waa
confirmed by a strictly party vote.
There was a debate in the aenate to-day
on the bill to augment the navy,' which was
I know it is denied that there was any war
parly. It was not popular to deny that at first.
Now, all are forward to deny that thoy ever
countenanced the idea that the questioawould
load to war for that '.he measures proposed
by tho administration wouictau to war.
For tho Spectati
Mr. Editor in Mr. Parker's addreSato tho eleetors
of Clackamas county, delivered at the meetks; lately
held ia Oregon Cky, as .reported ia the Spectator ,of
tho 8SA May, I observe that ha is phased to potato
" mr, uougias, a jssge or uo Bounty conn, woo, no
understood, was ia tho habit of setting ardent splrea"
Thle may have suksd Mr. Parkers purpose, wail at
tempting to establish a poskios, wMeh appeals take a
favorite with bin, "that the oath of office biadsamaa
to do just as ho pleases s" as H howaver cannot ho eaa
posed that I admin tho motor Uhaamtloa he has
chosen, and aa I aleo happen In satortata a vary dtf
fereat opinion, touchiaf Uw tee aad propriety ef that
oath, I hope it will not he ooasidend a breach of aser
toty on my part, to ofk throat ' 7""
reepootablo paper, a direct and tanpuklad wtalal of
thk eham of rem ooUiur. ta Um oahr sosaa k k nkla-
ly "meant ta bo reoolvoa, aaeaa ho eowiioroa aa at
oil appHcaMe to the aabjoct ta
waidaaiadoBroofia psert of the awirtiin ho has
so waatoafy adraacod, I Mkt Wm ta att hie fellow
twmky to tho other, and to pat the qaoetioa to each
iaoWiaeJ nsomhor of tho u imiaialtr, wkh tho ahnv
InUoortainty, that not OMpoMOiwUI haloaad,wbo
ever purohew J aid t apfriti from Mr. Poaglai.
A stranger' in tho ceaatnr, evldeatfy uaaeqaamtod
with Mo oariy hiotory, Mr. Parker may not have beeri
Informed that tho momhemef the HaoWs Bay Com
pany have, for many yearn paot, ojufarojlr diocowaged
itrtTfniriranrn hy rTrry mieae hi lliiir nrnrir. and ham
aloomado great and npeatedpMuaiaryincrificeoto
prevent the mle of ardent ophite m Iho coanffy; 'an ar
ticle, moreoTor, which forme no part of their undo, el
Mr. Parker does net indeed pretoad to opeak from
bis own penonal experience of the fact, hat on tho au
thority of othem : and"eboeJd any donht Kill Ururor in
hie mind, with reepeot to tho cerroetaom of what I
have juot said, ho may perhaps here no objections to
seek other means of arming at the tmth. Sappose,
for instance, bo was to try the experiment of negoUV
ting a purchase, I ventare to predict he woold oson be
conrincod that Mr. Doagtss fa not lathe habit of soU
inr ardent epirits.
Bat let ns enqnire a little farther into this matter:
what can bare Induced a person of chamctef to has
aid an obeerration in public which ho most have known
would, If fake, be as oneary exposed. Mr. Parker moot
have had some gtornde for hie art ion be maypeo
aibly have heard, or ho may have snppoood that Her
Maieety'eBhip "Modesto" was dairy reeerrkf eoppneo
at Fort Vancouver. If, with reference to these onp
pliea, he had told hie bearers that Her Majesty's San
Modeatelnynow stationed at' Fort Vancouver, had,
with other OBopliee for ehrp nee, from tho stores it tho
flndaoa'e Bay Company, received several casks of
nun; or if, referring to the H. B. Company'eown okise,
he had etated that a email allowance of spirits la daily
eened out to the crews of the company's veoeels, and
that other clameo of the company's servants, according
to long eeUbtiohed ware, receive en certain rare oc
casions, a similar indsJgence, he would have told the
plain and ample truth, nnd his statement would not
thk day have been caHed b question by me.
These acts, which I fuSy admit, and would, on no
account attempt to conceal, cannot by the fair rules of
construction, be consMered ns Infrrngtnr upon any law
recornieedby tho ceotMrf, which wo nave screed to
support, in common with tho other inhabitant of Ore
gon. The framem of these laws, with a oVgreVof wis- -dom
and foresight, which does them honor, never-sp-..
tettained the idea that n person in becoming a mem
her of the oompact, thereby rettneniohrl hfadfatincthro
aational character. On the contrary, Britfah subjects
endenizen of the United States, casting aaide ever)'
ehsdow of UUberal preiadiee. extended to each other
Um right hand of good feiowohip, for thfparpese of
nmtnai protection, to seeare tne peace, um piomow
the prosperity of the country, until protected by their
raonoctire overnmenta. Tho compact to formed
and perfected upon that principle," and can rest, with
security, on no outer foundatMo.
Wo an pledged, sad do faJthraUy intend to support
the Organic Laws. They do not bind u to violate
preexisting engagements with our servant, nor to
withhold from the officers of our government supplies
of whatsoever kind the Hudson's Hay Company's
stores can provide. In the high character of the lat
ter, wo enjoy tho fullest security against abase to the
detriment of tho country. With all other parties wo
bavo moat rigidly, and shall conUnue to enforce the
arobjbitorv statutes of Oreroh,
My wish, in addreming you, Mr. Editor, is to set
Mr. Parker right in respect to this matter of rem sell
log, and thepnbtie may reet ensured that, if my wishes
ceoM inausace tne community, tneio wuun wm uv
a drunkard in Oregon. JAMES DOUGLAS,
MABBIED-rOnthe 10th ak, by the Rev. WBKam
Ligget. Mr. ISAAC STAATS, formerly of N. York
and late of Platts county, Ma, to Mis ORLENA
MARIA, eldest daughter of James E. Williams, Esq.,
tale or JeHerson county, lenn.
COLUMBIA RIVER VANCOUVER.
Jena 3 Arrived, Hon. Hudson's B." Co'o eehooner
Cadboro', Cast Scarborough, from Fort Victoria,
a. it. j u n r-v. rillnnar Vlinria. Cmet. Johnston.
for the Cascades. Calipooiah, Capt- Cook, for Oregon
In harbor, H. B. M. 8. Modesto, C-t BaUUV; H.
B. Co's Barque Columbia, Capt Duncan, and Cadboro,
BuBding, H. B. Co's eehooaer Prinoo Albert about
to no lanncned.
WILLAMETTE RIVEROREGON CITY.
Arrived, 4th met, Calipooiah, Captain Cook, from
Baaed, on trie out, uaspootan, tor ronouw. j-
6th, the Bak fiver Pseluit, Csptaam.
Arrived, on the 7th Inst, CalipeoUh, Captain Cook,
Tke Caahmyeleili fasmUe.
- Cantata AamChavbajdotomtood to
isnnmnT2. a ...n .ih mImsii "CaJU.
!". F.?u,-L"d fcrfcrfaS
on ooara. ii no pnrnw boot " .7 . j u
of July, the above named craft wH, on that day, be
May 96, lginVtds
MTnaUty plains, far aals. Them m oaths
fenoe, wkh a Wgabla thtitsa, Aalss itbahsr Rr a
to vfajt aha abava, ask wH he seU ss4(s
BY H. '0lTblf; iJf
mrned to call,
isc fmalni. nxt
najringthat whan completed, his esslouieis wt 1M
rnorb comfortnhn, as every nc eesmrV nsioulion' wM la
rendered to amluMbsm so. His lahls shal stot hw
mirpenscdinUetermary. Thowwiwwverhtat whm.
n call 'Jrom the, vns. aids of the river," wH reeerro
honw ferriage free. Jsav90,IttS-ltf
Ttvni ft TajuMaj,
M NOTICE is hssdw gliuatetlto cttswasof ,
Oregon, that the andyasamed fanowstssfy
ing tho stand formertykept by Mnlky, oath,
west aide of the river, sad bopsito ghm general sanhv,
faction to sit who may can aa aha. , TtisM Beady
pay, 35 cents per moaL Pitos tor hems over -WnV
75 cents, All kinds of produce wH be ieer-d tor'
nX The subscriber hereby i
fSSsl cenenHv. and then fcs aa
JJolL to narcbam na imnroved etoias, himii
out of the eountrv. that Us etoha is now
.U SUM eUIm Ilea on Um Wslnes PimMo.
ing Jas. Force and Jno. Ford, ferseeriy kaowa mm.
Del Corn's claim, havmg a iogcahta aad a Ft i ash
baa, and aho-another set of logs tor a oabin, wUah
was ones pat up, and has been removes', aad absat
two hundred acres enclosed, and absat sUtyaaassef
that old land, upon K. SaJdemha is ahosaSaalas
from the Salem onus, and 4 miles from tto'OWM
Institute. Terras reasonable, and conditisad Sasy. For'
further particulars, enquire of the subecrifceT at Bajasa
milk JNO. B. MeCLAK.
March 19, 1646-4tf
Also, I, nislM WauitcdL whisk ha wht
tan on ahsres, or cash or store pay wM ha grrs.
Hides win be received at say thaw atthi sbsvs snssd
C. D. SMITH.
MttHnomiA City, April 30. lft6-7tf . '
If KLSOlf dfc MeWmiAMMt
"WAVING rented Mr. H. Baas' old stand inr
MM. Multoomah City, oath wast sJda ofUwWnV
lametto rim, an now many to sawyty i
and csstsmen wrtn on nsai m mmmm
ivt smL Thev have a laan stook of
.J ut am haaJ. attitrk wA at
ii ncra la thMrtin witb desajateh. TawVasfVaaweT
on hand a number of Diaaasnd aad Cmjr Ftowa sfsha
best ojaality, axes, drawing knives, inirtlsing afcnada, ,
and edge tools of all kinds, warranted la oany aawsd
JgeHr e.ehi. Ai of whtok w ha aaat ,
moderate pneo for good pay. ",tiv
arCnstomers comina: from the cast aid of the Wl-
lamette river to our shop for ironwork; wMbsfsfilM
free of charge.
Orrom Oitj: -
JOHN TRAVER9 de.WM. GLASER,
Hati.no associated Utemiolvos togsthsc ia waiati
facturing Hats st Oregon Ctty, an asw isadf
to supply Uieir friends and cuotomers wkh hats auunv
factured in Oregon. ArUtoagk tho atsnns as smati
tbey confidently bops, by their pissnpt sMaasJaa to
buatnees, to be able to furnish hats to tho Orsgam akU
sens at reduced prices. ii."
Wool, beaver, otter, raccoon, wMoat, nMshtat,nn1Bk,
prairie wolf, nnd fox skins wa. he token ta laiasjaga '
for hats. insbraaryaVlMsMbP
Plows! Plows! Plows I
10,000 Regard for every one to attend ie hit
THE subscriber begs leave to inform the PJ-bMc at
large, that bo has estsbhahed Idawef ta She
Blscksmithlng in general, ta Oram Cky, when ha
will keep on hand an assortment off fkm WBnshonn
not be surpassed ia the Statee. Piisuns wishing tony
chaee plows, can bo accommodated with thorn, Mat..
ed or unfinished. Also, Patent Pitch Forks, Hiss,
Axes, and all kinds of mechanics' tools. . AsnMSaav
scriber has had long experience ta nanohinery, ho tosts
himself competent to execute aslktads of aaUt wank,
shingle machines, and thrashing machines of tho hast
approved patents. " "
Gentlemen wishing to purchase any of the abovv -artkles,wmdoweUtocsJlaa4ezamta)fortaVMjatarfM
on Main street, OregoaCity. ,.ft WB&(Cr.
February 19. 1846-atf ." '" .
JfRtPFRMHOIV IMBTITUVC "
IS located in UV RlckreaU Valley, os snBo wsst of
the leoidenco ot CoL N. Ford. Tho fast snsnon
of thk school wkl ooramenoe on tho ssaand Monday of
next April, and osatiaus tweny-nsBf,-Hiss - ,,j r t,
Scholars from n distance, saa hn sjeonfaaoaaatodL
with boarding ta tho siignl jih 1 1 s.smsi of tanotas.
8 per scholar: v J. iSHst &qA
Much 7, IWtv-Mi j, -
N. Ford. Jan. Howard. Waa, saa, manse.
Tlte OjMwntti.nl a inH i v,k .,
TasMSy-Fiva dokan ta e-aeoo I'M mW4i
thaaznirstioa of thmanisrfia, ak nelasa. and.af
said at the expirattoa of ak.ntenthsl.ttssWsk-
ierve the right to luiillmi ' yg
D- Admtkmanto' tanrud 'sTlay''
eemsper sya'af :snsW'ltaos sr-lsassnst
taesrttan, aaid ssrsjstyvs nonts M(eMkanftennf i v
insorUos- A iiiisa iina-n to jiaaU iiiail
ETAll khan sf. JOB WQWC Imitoiiiisyrtifi
tae) MneHMIleM ewnmjJajWsmnBTfsanoj jrXi.i