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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 10, 1868)
OREGON CITY, OREGON, SATURDAY, OCTOBER lO, 1868
I grjjt llJfcliin (giitcrprist.
PCBLISIIED EVERY SATURD AT MORXIXG
By D. C. IRELAND,
T-nrE- South east corner of Fifth and
' m ux streets in the building lately known
u 'the Court Hoase, Oregon City, Oregon.
Terms of S '--j tiscrlpt ion.
? One conv, one year in advance
I. " " il delated
I Terms of Advertising
Transient advertisements, per square
, , . lines or less) first insertion ...$'-"
' fr each subsequent insertion 100
business Curds one square per annum
? payable quarterly 2 00
I ).. column ptr annum 1 11,1
! Vw. half column ' W
e quarter " '
1 i.egul advertising at the established rates.
ijjook and Job Printing !
jMIE ENTERPRISE OF FlCE
I i supplied with every requisite for Joins'
I :i superior style of work, and is constant
's ? accumulating new and beautiful styles
J of material, ami is prepared for every
1 variety of
i book Ar Jon
I AT S.VTISKAOTOItY TCUCKS.
; The Public art invited to call and
' f inline both our specimens and facilities
r i fur doing work.
: BUSINESS CARDS
BENTON KILL IN,
Oregon t'ilr. Orgoit.
Office in C'hurmau's l'rick Block, up
Dr. F. Barclay, LI. R. C L.v
(FurmerljrSiirgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
O FFICE :At R Me n r,
Main Street.... '! ....Oregon City.
W. F. IITGHFIELD,
Established since 1S-1. at the old stand,
Main Stbekt, Orkcjox Citr.
An assoi tment of Watches, Jew
ehv, and Seth Thomas' weight
Chicks, all of which are warranted
to be as represented.
Uepairinjcs dune on short notice,
ind iuankful for past favors.
J V. C. JOllN'SON'.
F. O. M COWX.
X"t.ti ' J'ld'iu'.
JOENSON h McCOWN,
OH KG OX CITV, OREGON.
,v W ill attend to ail business entrusted
f imr care in any of the Courts of the State,
collect money, negotiate loans, bell real es
t t etc.
; Tarticular attention given to contested
1 uiii ca-es. --VV.
i. a. uiii.i..
K. A. PAKKKUi
BELL &, PARKER.
AN'll DEALERS IN'
Chemical, I'htcnt Medicine?, Paints,
Perfumer!, Oils', Varnishes,
And eve it article kept in a Drug Store.
.. i Mux Stukkt, Obkgi.s Cn y.
"shTdes aTo 0 N .
Vi'vt .Side Mali Mrett, Mwfn Stcoudand
Tldrd, Orvjon fit;.
GEOEGE A. HAAS - - - - Proprietor.
The proprietor begs leave to inform his
friends and the public generally that the
shore named popular saloon is open for their
Ki'comniodation, with a new mid well assort -el
supply of the liuest brands of wines,
lienors and cigar s. "'i
Justice of the Jacc it- City Recorder.
Office In the Court IIntsc nnJ City
Council Hootn, Oregon City.
Vt'if. attend to the acknowledgment of
i 'f.U, and nil other duties appei tattling to
tVe Milieu of Justice of the Peace.
lirlrtif dca.'er in School Pools, Sta
doaenj; also, Pa feat Medicines,
At fh Post-office, in Masonic Building,
Orcjon, Ciiij. Ore-son.
CONTRACTOR and BUILDER,
Main street, Orfjort City.
Will attend to all work in his line, con
sisting in part, of Carpenter and Joiner work
-- training, building, etc Jobbing promptly
attended' to. i-
JOHN H. SCHRAH,
Manufacturer and Dealer in
etc.. etc .
Main street, between Third and Fourth,
rpilE attention of parties desiring anything
X in niv line, is directed to my stock, be
fore makinsr purchases elsewhere.
i1 J J 0 1 H- SCI1RAM-
Vtvtf. City Drayman,
i2fedfe on EG OX CITY.
All orders for the delivery of merchandise,
or packages and tViijIit of whuteve- descrip
tion, to Hi v imrt of ttie city, wiil be executed
pii'iii'itiv iin.4 with cure. lt,m
S'uvewr to MITII dr MA US II ALL,
Hhcle Smith and Woan Maker
Corner of Main and Third streets
Oregon City .
P!icksm"ithincT in all its branches. Wagon
making and repairing. All work warranted
KEEP C'OX ST A NT LY OX HAND FOR SALE :
ERA X AND' CHICKEN FEED !
lP Parties " wanting feed must furnish
heir sacks. . - ' f30.
Ranch for sale.
SITUATED BETWEEN "THE CLACK
amas and the -
0RE30N. CITY TOWN PLAT !
la the vicinity of the place of T. J. Eunsaker
XW Will he sold cheap for cash.
Agplyto LEVY 4 FECliHEIMER.
Two doors south of the old Court House,
Front street, Portland, Oregon.
W. N. Patton Proprietor.
Single raeals, 25 cents Beds, 23 cents.
This house is newly fitted, and furnished
in the best style. xii.f,m
( rate LINCOLN II O USE,)
Xo. ft Front street, Por1lanl Oregon.
L. P. W. QUI M BY, Pkoprietob,
(Lattrf Western. Hotel.)
This honse is the most commodious in the
State, newly furnished, and it will be the en
deavor of the proprietor to make his guests
comfortable. The Baggage Wafon will al
ways be found at the land ng onthe arrival
of steamships and river boats, carrying bag
gage to the house free of charge. 7. fy
W e s t e it x Hotel,
Corner of First and Morrison streets,
Thj best and most comfortable Hotel in the
State, where every want is anticipated,
and cheerfully supplied. Warm and
cold Baths attached to the house.
This Hotel is located near the steamship
Landing. The Hotel Coach will be in at
tendance at all the Landings, to convey
passengers and baggage to and from the
house free of charge.
JO Ml C. DORCY,
SAMUEL 1. HOLMES,
Main street, (opposite the Woolen Mills,)
Oregon City, Oregon.
J. F. Millsr & Co., Proprietors.
JjT" This is the most commodious Hotel
in the city. Newly furnished, and just open
for the reception of guests.
"ZW It will be the endeavor of the Propri
etors to make all truests comfortable.
Main Street Oregon City.
JACCB EOEHM, Proprietor.
ItEDUTIOX l.V PRICES!
The undersigned wishes to give notiee
that from Saturday, October 5th, I tM7, prices
at the above bouse will be as follows :
Board and Lodging per week .? 00
Board ithout Lodging 4 00
Board and Lodging per dav 1 00
Oregon Citj, Oct. 3d, ls7. L50:tf
".r."V M a i n Stk eet.
Xf'irhi Opposite IFooih Factor),
Urt'jjon City. Oreror!.
We invite thecitizens of Oregon City, and
the traveling public, to give us a share of
their patronage. Meals can be had at all
hours, to please the nrost fastidious. 15
Notice to the Public.
I HAVE this day closed the Barlow House
in favor of tile Clitif House. Hope my
old customers will give their liberal patron
age to the above well kept hons.. They
will find Messrs. White fe lihoades always
on hand to make guests comfortable.
OSWEGO HOUSE !
OSWEGO, ORE JON.
JOHN SCHADE Proprietor,
IS now prepared to receive and entertain
all who may favor him with their patron
age. The House is New and the Rooms are
Newly and Neat'y Furnished. The labia
will be supplied with all the delicacies of
the season. The House is situated near the
steamer landing. The proprietor wiil at all
times endeavor to give entire satisfaction to
ail who muv favor him with a call, and
would respectfully solicit the patronage of
the Traveling Public. 4I:tt.
Board per week 00
Board and Lodging 0 00
Single Meals 50
What C ii e e r House,
os. 12, 12S and 130 Front street,
The undersigned bavins; taken this well-
knowu house, solicit increased patronage
from the traveling public. Ihe House lias
lately been refitted, and the proprietors are
now able to offer additional inducements to
their patrons. The table will be furnished
with t tie best market affords, and be under
the immediate supervision of the proprietors
liooms well turntsliea and well ventnatea.
A lartre tire-proof safe for the deposit cf
valuables. Baggage taken to the hotel free
of charge. Board per week $ o 00
Board and lodging ' ? to b 00
(According to the room occupied.)
Nothing will be left undone, which is in
the oower of the proprietors to render truests
eomfoitable. LYONS, LEONARD & Co.,
d. n. ini.om'KOit, I
LOUS BINSTKIN'. 5
Hildburg, Bros. &. Co.
IMTORTERS AND WHOLESALE DEALERS IS
AH Kinds of Cognacs,
Scotch and Dish H'fusLie
Rum, Gin, Domestic Liquors, Wines,
4'f"., &c., drc
No. 2 Front st , O. S. N. Co.'s new brick
block, Portland Oregon. 9
Establislimcnt of J. 15. iMiller
HAS BEEN REMOVED
To No 1 0 1 Front st., comer of A Her
Carter's New Building, Portland,
In Chas. Woodard s Drug Store.
Z-if Where he will b- ready to attend to
all manner of workmanship in bis line.
Watches and Jewelry repaired in fbs most
workmanlike manner." J. 15. MILLER.
A. J. MONROE.
W. A. K. 1 ELLEN.
IiIONROE & TiIELLEN,
Dealers in California, Vermont, and
Italian JIarbles, Obeixks, Monu
meats, Head and Fool stones,
Mantles and Furniture Marble furnished
to order. j 32-t
Flax Secl Wsiutcd!
R. E. CHATFIELD,
Oregon Seed Stove I
First st., Portland, opposite the
- - Western Hotel. Will pay
Hiqhest Cash Prices for I lax Seed!
Friends, many" fhanks for past favors re
ceived, I hare newl v opened a family grocery
in W. F. HighfleldVblock.'frontingthe Ore-,
con House, -ihiTfrsftTetraird solicit a share
of your "patronage, by ottering many articles
less than Portland retail prices.
Will exchange $br butter, eggs, hams. 6out
etc, etc .E.SroNE,
Li add & Tilt on.
Wiil give prompt attention to collections,
and other business appertaining to BankiDg.
Sight and Telegraphic Exchange
On San Francisco and the Atlantic States for
sale. Government Securities bought and
L. C. Fuller.
Pays the Highest Price for Gold Dust
Legal Tenders and Government securities
bought and sold. No. 108 Front st.,
xi.tf Portland, Oregon.
J. F. MILLER.
J. W. SHATTUCK.
J.F. KILLER &. Co.,
MANt'FACTCKKM OP AXD DEALERS IS
ISoots iil SItoes!
At the Oregon City Doot and Shoe
Store. Muin street.
THE BEST SELECTION
Of Ladies', Gents', Boys', and children's
Boots and shoes on hand or made to order.
J. II MITCHELL.
j. ?. dolth.
Mitchell, Dolph & Smith,
Attorneys and Counsellors at Law,
Solicitors in Chancery, and Proc
tdrs in Admiral I y
Office o-er the old Post Office, Front
street, Portland. Oregon.
A.. C. GIBBS. C. W. PARRlStI,
Xiitary Public Cnd Com. of Deeds.
GTEB3 & PARR7SH,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
OFFICE On Alder street, in Carter's
New Brick Block. n3
Permanently Located at Oregon City, Oregon.
Rooms with Dr. Saffarans, on Main street.
MACK & HATCH,
The patronage of tnose desirifig I'inst flats
Operations, is respectfully solicited.
Satisfaction in all cases guaranteed.
N. B. Xltrons O'jryde administered for the
Painless Extraction of Teeth. Also : the
PhUjoUue Spray used for those who prefer it
Office Corner of Washington and Fron
streets, Portland. Eutrauce ou Washington
S. G. SKIEMORE,
Druggist and Apothecary,
(li!3 First st., near Western Hotel)
Dealer in drugs, chemicals, patent medi
cines, etc. A line assortment of English and
French Toilet Articles,
Perfume ty, b'ushes, etc. JjgfParticular at
tention given to the preparation of prescrip
ISAAC FARR. JOHN FARR.
FARR & BROTHER,
Butchers and Meat Venders.
Thankful for the favors of the community
in the past, wish to say that they will eon
tinue to deliver to their patrons, from the
wagon, as usual,
Oil Tuesdays and Saturday of each weel;
all the best qualities of Beet, Mutton, and
Pork, or any other class of meats in the
ARMES & DALLAM,
IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS OF
WOOD AND WILLOW WARE
Brushes, Twines, Cordage, etc.,
AND MANUFACTURERS OF
Brooms, Pails, T'ubs, Washboards, fyc
215 & 217 Sacramento st., San Francisco.
113 Maiden Lane, Y. Citjr.
Wm, H. WATKINS, M. D-,
Office 95 Front st , Portland Oregon.
Residence cor. Main andllh sts.
Robinson & Lake
VTTILL, CONTINUE THE STOVE AND
Y' Tin-ware trade as usual, at the estab
lished EMIGRANT STORE,
Corner of Fiord and Salmon sts.,
Portland Auction Store!
J7 First st., nxt door to Post-office,
Importers and Jobbers of Staple and
fancy Dry Goods, Grain Jjngs,
Burlaps, Furnishing Goods.
f35r We tvill pay the highest cash
price for Wool, Furs and Wdm
Front st., ve-ir the Ferry Landing,
Re fitted and He-opened by J. A. Mac
Donald. The best of Wines, Li
quors, Cigars, etc., constantly
Boots with Wire Qnllted Bottoms
These Boots are made on the American
standard last. They never tail to fit and feel
comfortable, and require no "breaking in.
The Wire Quilted Soles
hare been proven by practical experience to
last twice as long as the ordinary soles. A
spleudid assortment j""' 1-' ll,
1 R. I). WHITE & Co.'s,
Boot and Stioe store.
, 131 First st. Portland.
fSaceor to tins Jon u? C?.,
Wagons & Carriages,
201 and 203 Front st,, Portland, Oregon.
OCT Wagons of every description
made to order. GeneratJbbing done
with neatness and dispatch.
Oak and Ash lumber, and all kinds
of wagon materials for sale.
Orders from the country promptly
Hanni? purchased the above Brewerr.
wishes to inform the pubHe that he is now
prepared to manufacture a No. 1 quality of
As good as. can b obtained anywhere in the
Stae- Order solicited, nad: jvremptlj fitl4.
We are born we laugh we weep ;
We lore -we droop we die !
Ahl wherefore do we laugh or weep?
Why do we live or die ?
Whtf knows that secret deep ?
Ala3, not 1 !
Why doth the violet spring
Unseen by human eye ?
Why do the radiant seasons bring
Sweet thoughts that quickly fly ?
Why do our fond hearts cling
To things that die?
We toil through pain and wrong ;
We fight and fly ;
We love we lose and then, ere long,
Stone dad we lie.
Oh ! Life, is ail thy song ,
Eudure and dio ?
BILL AXD com.!
Come, dear old comrade, you and I
Will steal an hour from days gone by,
The shining days when life was new,
And all was blight with morning dew.
The lusty days of long ago,
When you were Dill and I was Joe.
Yonr name fnay flaunt a titled trail,
Proud as a cockerel's rainbow tail ;
And mine as brief appendix wear
As Tain O Slianter s luckless mare 5
To-day, old friend, rememb? r still
That I am Joa and you are Bill.
You've iron the groat world's envied prize,
And grand you look in peoples" eyes,
With II O N. and L. L. 1).
In big brave loiters lair you see.
Your fist, old fellow ! off they go !
Hoty are you. Bill ? IIolv are you. Joe?
You've worn fhe Judge's ermtned robe :
You've taught your nairte to half the globe;
You've sung fnankind a deathless strain ;
You've made the dead past live again ;
The world may call you vrbat it will,
But you and I are Joe and Bill.
The ehnSng young folks stare arid say,
" See those old buffers, bent and gray,
They talk like fellows in their teens!
Mad. poor old boys ! That's what it means."
And shake their heads ; they little know
The throbbing hearts of Bill and Joe!
How Bill forgets his hour of pride,
While Joe sils smiling at his side;
How Joe, in spito of Times disguise.
Finds the old schoohnato in his otes
Those calm, stern eyes that molt and fill
As Joe looks fondly up at Bill.
Ah. pensive- scholar, what is fame ?
A fitful tongue of leaping flame ;
A giddy whirlwind's fickle gust.
That lifts a pinch of mortal dust;
A few swift years, and who can show
Which dust was Bill and which was Joe.
The weary idol takes his stand,
Holds oht his bruised and aching hand.
While gaping thousands come and go.
How vain it seems, this empty show !
Till ail at once his pulses thrill ;
'Tis poor old Joe's ' Cod bless jou. Bill !"
And shall we hreathe in happier spheres
The names that pleased our mortal ears,
In some sweet lull of harp and song
For earth-born spirits none too long.
Just whispering of the world below
Where this was Bill, and that was Joe ?
No matter ; while our home is here
No sounding name is half so dear ;
When fades at length our lingering day,
Who cares what pompous tombstones say?
Read on the hearts that love us still,
Illcjacet Joe. Illcjacet Bill.
ANNUAL ADDS ESS
DKI.l VEUEI) WEFOKK THK
Oregon Stiite Agricultural Society,
BY THK TKESIPKNT,
lion. A. J. Dufur,
Ladies and Gentlemen : In ac
cordance with previous usages and
established custom, it becomes my
duty, as the presiding officer of the
Oregon State Agricultural Society,
to tiddrfss yon at this, our eighth
It also devolved upon me to select
some one to debver the annual ad
dress, tmd in making that selection,
I am happy to inform you I have
been able to secure the services of a
voting man, born and brought up in
Oregon, educated at one of your
principal universities, and by occupa
tion a farmer thereby denioiistra
tin' the fact that the formers and me
chanies are rut only capable of mak
ing tbe creditable dist.d.ty of ngricul
tuial production, tnrchanieal genius,
and artistic? klll we are proud to
witness nt this exhibition, but pro
ducing the more gratifying thought
that among their number may be
found young mn already striving to
quality themselves to meet the de
mand which the best good of society,
and the progress of the present age
stronolv indicate will soon be mude
upon them, lo fill those honorable
positions in our fetateand nation to
which they are justly entitled by the
di-'tiilv of their tailing.
Composed as this assembly is, of
the various professions, and altr.oi
every avocation in life, it has been a
matter of deep anxiety to me to se
lect some proper subject upon which
to address you on this occasion.
But in no other respect have 1 frit
the least etnbanassment. For here
I meet the warm frreetinir of h
hardy pioneer, and with just pride
claim my registry as n citizen in the
same commuiity with 'nt"n whi
scorning all the allurements of a life
of ease and safety in the old States,
have in the far West, on the Pacific
slope of the liocky mountains.marked
out a high career for a noble man
hood. As food and clothing are the first
great necessities of all maofciud, with
in the scope of agricultural and me
chanical science is involved the per
manent prosperity of everv State and
nation. If, therefore, we my judge
of the permanent pnesperity of this
community, and of its advancement
in the arts and sciences, by the dis
play ot the various productions of in
dustry, kill, refinement, and good
taste we witness here to-day, we are
safe in the assertion that Oregon pos
sesses in a high degree all the require
ments necessary to make a people
wealthy intelligeut, and permanently
In the display of stock, onr horses
combine in a marked degree many
of the qualities necessary to make
that ttobie animal one of the proud
est, as w ell as the most useful servant
of man, and show that our farmers
and horsemen are not ignorant of the
use of the warm bloods. By follow
ing a judicious system of breeding,
Oregon mav furnish that class of
Venderbilt and Bonner horse farriers
with their Auberns and D.-xters, and
the turf with a Keutuck, a Norfolk,
or an Asteroid.
Our cattle shows the judgment and
good taste of those engaged in thut
department, for prominent in di.-p'ay
may be seen the noble Durham and
beautiful Devon, while the grades
combine qualifications desirable for
the plow, the dairy, or the butcher's
Our swine atid poultry do rqual
credit to their exh bitors, while sheep
hu - band ry appears to have received
that jud ciou.s management and care
ful attention by m-iuy of our breed
trs, which the importance of that
brain h of mdu-try jusily demands.
Ihe di.-play of fruits seeds and
vegetable productions, shows the fer
tiiiiy oi our soil, ami the various uses
to which it is adapted, whiie our eer
eIs add another evidence to the fact
dready established, that Oregon i.s
pre-eminent ly a grain-irrowing State,
and for the sure production of wheat
is not surpassed bv any country ever
inhabited by civilized man.
Perhaps this last statement may
seem extravagant to some, but the
careful observation of almost ten
years residence in your Slate, has
shown that California has had two
entire and one partiol failure of her
whent crop during that time, and
while year after y ear in many of the
irain growing istricts of the West
ern States, the hopes of the husband
man have been cut on by the sun
blight, the rust, the weavil or the
chintzbug, not in or.e single instance
have 1 known a failure in any crop
in Oregon where the ground hs bem
oean well prepared, judiciously sown
or planted and properly c.tted for;
and in many instances I have seen
fields of wheat in Oregon that for
quality and quantity far surp-is-eu
any crop I evei knew raised iti north
em Wisconsin, r on the fertile soil
of the Genesee valley.
Our dairy ptuductions and domes
tic manufactures are highly creditable
to a cuiig State like ours.and plainly
indicate that when the industry of
Oregon shall r-e turned in that direc
tion, her manufactures are not only
capable of supply ing the home de
maud, but may successfully export
to many other markets of the world.
The t xhibition of flowers and works
oc art, t"geher with the great variety
of beautiful needle woik and fine em
broidery here displayed, inniks the
refinement and good taste of the fair
contributors to this exhibition, atid
plainly shows that while the men are
engagt-d in those industrial pursuits
that go to make up the real wealth
of our State, the women are not un
mindful of those things that beautify,
ad"in and make our homes blessed.
The wonderful display of mpehan
ical genius in that great field of labor
and progress, indicates the prosperity
so well deserved by that class of our
citiz-ns, to w hom we are indebted for
the comforts, luxuries and arts, that
distinguishes civilizition from bar
barism. Without their strong arm-,
skillful hands and wonderful inven
tions, we to day would be but little
farther advanced than the miserable
savage that roams the plains. When
we cease to cherish and honor our
mechanics, we shall prove ourselves
ignorant of our highest interest, by
neglecting one great source from
which we IUII4 expect life nntj
strength for our republican institu
tions, ami iur to defend them.
But, ladies and get;! lemen, these
displays of luxury, wealth, refinement,
and permanent prosperity of which
we boast and are so justly proud to
day, are but a part ol the causes we
have for self cotiirralul.itioii, when
compired with our sy-tem of com
mon school education ; the bem fit of
which all nmy avail themselves of,
aided by the disinterested ff rts of
some of our most energetic and nobje
minded citizens in establishing eo!
ieyes, nnd Seminaries of learning, for
enriching the minds f our young
with th higher branches of science
And all the deep feelings of grati
tude towards these eaily settlers,who
have helped to shape the future des
tinies of Oregon, will ever be enter
taiued by all her citizens, still an
other class are equally worthy of our
grateful remembrance. It is thit
etas of men who, with self sacrificing
devotion, have taught the pure prin
ciples of religion, and triveu to society
that moral training and chastity of
thought, without which any com
munity will pass into premature de
cay. It is by the zhI and untiring
energy of this class of our early set
tlers,, we are enabled to say, whre
but a few years ago was seen naught
bat barbarism and heatheuiab idola
try, tONday our prairies und wood
lands are made voc.il with the praises
of the most high God.
Men of Oregon,-you are worthy of
the high encomium a grateful people
are ever ready to bestow upon those
who, with fixed purpose and deter
mined perseverance, have substituted
fruitful fields and temples of science,
for waste places, and given to early
morn the music of the Sibbath bell,
for the howl of wila beasts and paint
ed Savages. And i congratulate you
on the full meridiau of prosperity
that awaits you, after so many years
of uncertainty and unceasing toil.
In passing thi3 eulogy on the noble
results attained by the deterrfjhied ef
forts of the men, we would net for
get the honors -due to. .the women, of
Oregon 5 for in ho community i
there ever seen those steiling quali
ties of moral purity that marks the
progress of civilization, and perpet
uated the endearments of home, where
W' tnan has foiled to exert those re
fining influences felt by her presence,
or not commanded the respect in so
ciety which is justly considered her
Then pardon me while I say to our
wives and daughters, never lower
that high standard of usefulness which
for the few past years has produced
such gratifying results in our commit
tiity. Nor oive countenance to those
artificial distinctions in society, too
often founded on the weahh of a vul
irar millionaire, or on the meaningless
title of a foreign adventurer, but al
vv.-iys keep first and foremost in view
these great truths man is superior
to the accident of his birth, and
should t;.ke that rank in society which
is due alone to his merits.
If fortune has been propitious, and
you are surrounded by the blessings
of wealth, nevtr retire behind mas
sive gold chains and diumotid breast-
pins into the fool's paradise a life of
useless indolence at d ease but re
member that no person can enjoy
vigorous health without active bodily
cXercise, and that a life of usefulness
and activity will tend to make you
hea.t'ny, beautiful and attractive, fit
you to become good wives, and the
mothcis of strong and noble men;
and while we claim a Washington ti
the Futher of his country, you, with
a higher and a holier pride, rmy ex
claim : Lady Mart was his mother.
There is still another cla-s in this
assembly to whom I wish to make a
few remarks, and in whose future
prosperity and success in life we all
have the most vital Interest. ft is
the oung men of Oregon, and es
pccially the farmers' and mechanic-'
sous. For on you, young men, will
devolve the ta.-k of completing that
work so nobly begun by your sires.
And nut only will the developemeut
of the agricultural, mechanical and
miiu-ral wealth of our State be in
trusted to jou.- ke piiisr, but al.-o the
perpetuating and peifecting our sy
t ni of education, with our t'onstitu
tiotial liberties of State and nation,
which all in duty bound should guaid
with watchful Carr. Then let nothing
short of such an education as w ill fit
you to fill any station in life in which
on may be called to act, ever satisfy
you. For a thorough nndt rstai-ding
of mechanical and agricultural science
together with the necessary know I
edge of political economy nnd the
science of government, is within the
reach of every young man who has
the will to obtain, and th determin
ed perseverance to accomplish, in
w hatever occupation in life, or branch
of iudu-iry you may engage, always
coin in and the respect of others by
yourself respecting the dignity of your
own calling. What though your
clothes are none f the finest, your
hands hardened by toil, and your
foce embrow ned by exposure to the
sun ? True greatness consists not in
birth, or weaUh, or occupation, or
any other accidental circumstance,
but inherent nobility w rought out in
And if, in performing thone duties
to w hich an honorable occupation may
lend, you chance to meet the snob,
who displays the highth of his intel
lectual attainments in a. sweet scented
cigar, and an amber mouth piece, or
the brainless dandy, whose moral
worth m:y be estimated by the size of
his tailor's bill, never hang your head
and blush in their presence because
they outshine you in iqnipage and
show, but lift up your brow with a
noble confidence, and say within your
self: I have not these thing, it is
I rue, hilt it is lircaue I have not
sought ; it is because I have not de
sired them ; it is because I possess
something better; n heart free from
contaminating influences of fashion
able vice, and a mind well stored
with useful knowledge.
But to return to our first proposi
lion : that the permanent prosperity
of every community is contained
within the scone of agricultural sci
ence, we. find it necessary to come to
the more immediate duties of every
day lite those things conuected with
It occurs to me that no occupation
n quires more strict attention and
system id acting than farming, and
i hat the farmer should have a place
for everything and eve-,) thing in its
A careful account should be k pt
of all the business transactions of the
form, and an inventory of all the
sttH-k, form productions, farming
tools", carriages etc , shofld lie taken
at lea-t once a year, with their first
cost "d present value. In foct, the
farmer's book should be a miinifost of
h'u financial condition at all times.
A system of forming that tends to
impoverish our soil, and lessen, its ca
pacity lor reproduction, should be
carefully avoided. To this subject
the farmers ot Oregon cannot pay too
The sad experience of the farmers
in the great grain growing district
of the Western States should teach
us that the depleting system of pro
ducing i.d exporting, without re
munerating our soil with an ade
quate supply of manure and fertil
izers, will not only induce those dis
eases so fatal to the wheat crop in
that section of the country and so
little known in onrs, but will tend to
render our soil barren and unprcdsc
tive, and the occupation of forming
embarrassing and unprofitable.
Too much has already been written
and published on this important sub'
jecf; to need further comment from
me, but the compost heap i virtually
the former's mine of wealth.
There should be a Farmer's Club
established in each county, at which
farmers should make it their busi
ness to attend once a month, for an
interchange of views and experiences.
The different modes of .hinting,
sowing, cultivating and gathering
crops, could there be discussed, er
rors could be detected and avoided in
future, and thus, by associated effort,
and the attrition of mind with mind,
the general welfare of all would be
We jhoufti have a weekly paper
published in this State, devoted ex
clusively to the interest of the indus
trial classes. The benefits to De de
rived from a well-condccted organ of
this kind can scarcity be over esti
mated. But past experience has.
shown that private investment in this
enterprise has not, as yet, proved a
It then firs, suggested, and con
fidentially hoped, that all who wish
for the permanent prosperity and
best good of our fctate, without re
gard to profession or occupation, will
help to establish a paper of this kind
on a permanent basis, by giving it
In the foil of 18G2, the Legislature
of Oregon passed a hill aeeepi'mg the
conditions of a grant of 90,000 acres
of land, mad by the United Slates
Government to the State of Oregon,
for the endowment of an agricultural
colhge. I am credibly informed that
the lands have in ter been selected
nor the terms of the donation com
Had those lands been judiciously
located, two dollars per aero, or
SlSU,l'00 would not be an over esti
mate of their present value. But po
liticai Grimalkins purring over petty
schemes hr preferment, too often neg
lect the interests of the people.
The importance of taking active
measures to remind the proper au
thorities of the iieces-ity of securing
if passible, so valuable a donation, is
loo apparent to the formers and me
chanic of this Statej to need further
remat ks from m.
Public atteti'ion h.is already been
called to the importance of publish'
ing and placing before the people of
ihe older States, the ttatoml Aealth
and advantage this State possesses,
and the inducements it holds out to a
reliable class of immigrants to make
it their future home.
This Society has already made an
effort in that direction, by appoint
ing a committee to obtain and com
p:le statistic?, giving the desired in
formation. As chairman of that com
uiittee, I will say, I have now u my
possession valuable information on
that subject from many parts of the
But as important localities have
not yet been heard from, and hoping
the State Legislature, now in session,
would give the subject the favorable
consideration its importane demands,
the committee have not yet at ranged
the woik for publication.
California, ever alive to her own
interest, has, by L-gislative enact
ments, rfiade l.bend appropriations
for the same enterprise. And by a
judicious coopeiatioti with her State
Agricultural Soc'ety. is, day by day,
receiving more material wealth, by
the influx of immigration into her
Slafe than was ever iiff rded her by
all her geld mines in their palmiest
days. J,t the people of Oregon, by
similar effort, secure a bke reward.
Lord Bacon once said there were
three things necessary to make a na
tion great: a fertile soil, busy work
shops and easy transportation of men
and things from place to place.
The fertility of Oregon, with all
its primeval wealth, is spread out be
fore us, In villi g the hu-bandman to
renewed exertion, and promising,
year by year, a rich reward to all his
The hum of the busy woik-hop is
heard in all our country, towns and
cities, and the combined wealth, with
the increase of business derived from
the two fir.-t resources of national
greatness, now demand the third:
Qnictc and easy transportation of men
ami things t i place to place.
Although the various navigation
companies of this State have mani
f Sled a commendable spirit of enter
prise, by increasing these last facili
ties, still we hail with joy the noble
efforts being made by some of our
most prominent citizens, to give a
new impetus to all our business j-f
fairs, by procuring for Oregon the
advantages of railroad communica
tion. The spirit of railroad enterprise,
first seen in its infancy in the Atlan
tic States, assuming the strength of
vigroiw manhood as it j urueyed
westward seems destined soon U
tVeispread the whole Pacific cost.
The civilized world looks forward
with astonishment, to the early com.
pletiou of the most stupendooos worfe
ever accomplished by man. AtnJ
when the last rail is laid, and the
last spike is driven, the commerce of
the world is ret olutionized.
Then in the words of Benton,; its
great projector, it must be adorned
with its crowning honor, the collossal
statue of the great Colombus, whose
design it accomplishes, hewn from the
granite mass of a peak of the Rocky
Mountains, overlooking the road(
pointing with outstretched arm to the
western horizon, saying to the ffyin-g
passenger: There is the Eastf .Theref
is India I
That trade with Asia, which has
fur so many years enriched the nar
tions of. Europe, -will then - find a
quicker and cheaper conreyance east
ward, across this continent and the
Atlantic ocean, making some city on
this coast its great eutry depot.
Then shall the wealth of the Indies .
be poured into the lap of industry on
the Pacific shore, and Oregon bes
come, what it long has been destined
to be, one of the most desirable loca
tions on this continent for the homo
of civilized man.
Ladies and gentleman, I will not
weary you by trespassing further up
on your time. The vorioos depart
ments of our Eighth Annual Fair are
now open for inspection. And trust
ing that this, like preceding exhibi
tions t f this kind, will result in good4
let us Lope all will cheerfully attend
to the various duties assigned them.
LETTISH FitOJI liABRADuRt"
CAi..,Svpt. 23, 1SCS.
The reception, either through you cr th
kindness of some Oregon City friend, of
some four or five numbers of the Ester
riuss, revived old recollections and many
pleasing reminiscences. It occurred to me
that perhaps a few lines from this locali
ty might not be wholly uninteresting, cr
unacceptable. It is now something over
a year siuce.1 located myself in this valley.
Business, then lively, is now no less active
and on every side we witness the Cvh
dence of a permanent and increasing FrosQ
perity. The quieting of Land-tifles and
the general success of the fanning commu
nity, in the growing and marketing of
grain, has put the agricultural interest ifn-
measurably ahead of all others within four
Those counties in this State, once sner
ingly denominated by the gold miners
Cow Counties,'1' now possess more enter
prise, more wealth, intelligence and re-
fiiictnent. and are making greater strides
in every improvement calculated to add
luxury and comfort, than any ever Ciade
in the most famous gold diggings. In the
immediate vicinity of San Jose ate hun
dreds now wealthy, who twelve year
since settled here without anything to
boast of, excepting big hearts and willing
hands. It is true that some through mis
fortunes, and others through bad manage
ment, have not become millionaires, but
the majority who have conducted their
business with any kind of prudence or
judgment have been successful beyond
their most sanguine expectations. A
stranger in our midst beholding Ihe thous
ands of acres of orchards and vineyards,
the well cultivated fields, the variety and
perfection of the agricultural implement
with which the labor is performed, can
hardly realize that it is less than eighteen
years since the advent of the tide of Ameri
can population. That then not a fence re
stmined the free range of Ihe mustang,
thousands of wild cattle and bands of
cayotes, that the earth was honeycombed
with millions of gophers and squirrels.
That then there was no barrier or impedi
ment to the winds that swept the valley
with fearful f orce ; that it was indeed a
fertile and beautiful valley lying almost
wholly waste and worthless, in fact uncon
taminated .vith the arts of civilized man.
The early pioneers, undoubtedly, possessed
many advantages,but they fotind numerous
obstacles that necessarily must be over
come before it could be what it now is. Ia
the long dry summers they found an in
adequate supply of water, but the earth
has been perforated, and those before re
siding in parched distnets with a scanty
supply of cf brackiih water, now regale
themselves with that, which, if frot holy,
is equal to any ever sanctified by priest
The bands of wild cattle and horses have
disappeared, and here and there still lin
gers a rwprestntative of the millions of
gophers and squirrels that spread devas
tation over the. fields of the farmer. The
energy of the civilized man, whether
as some contend, all hum Vug or not,
vhether possessed of pounds ot meanness
nnd inate depravity for grains of goodness,
is rapidly fillibustering out as well as the
original stock of men as beasts. Still here
and there in the valley i found within the
crumbling walls of an adobe structure, a
family with name more ancient than Cor
tex or De Soto, dragging cut a miserable,
nzY, listless existence. In some respects
lucy are equal to their proud and daring
progenitors who made the grandest dis
covery, and the most magnificent conquests
of modern limes. They have no less dis
gust for manual labor, and are equally
devoted to their priests. Surrounded by
the most enterprising and active, every day
witnessing some new developement, im
provement or invention, he still remains
thw same inactive semi-savage, devoted in
earnest to nothing nseful or elevating, but
wholly the slave of indolence, superstition
and folly. Iu all the country Pf do not
know a single Spanish artisan- doing busi
ness on his own account.
It need no exquisite sense of imagina
tion to frame a thing explanatory of the
present condition of the total descendants
of the Spanish conquerors. The stfSfent
of history is well aware of the shortness
of the interval since their supremacy. The
prnd and haughty hidalgovs possessed of
almost limitless domains, resources and
revenues, arrived at the conclusion that
lntor teas discreditable and dishonerable.
by the divinity ol class-rule and legislation
spurned from tbrir midst the very ele
ments and basis of their greafnes. The
most entei prising mechanics Ihe most emi
nent literateurs and scientists, those w ho
created wealth and those who taught bow
to creab- wealth were the very ones des
tined to destruction or expulsion from the
domains or Spain. Prejudice, bigotry and
fanaticism instead of reason ruled, uutil
through long years of reckless extrava
gance the wealth accumulated by tyranny,
fraud and oppression, has ben d.s-upated,
and everv descendent of the race reap the
bitter fruits of erroneous teachings ana me
policy of despotism.