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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
I)C lUcckhj (enterprise.
rCDLISHED EVKUT SATCRDAT MORNIVO
By D. O. IRELAND,
OFFICE: South east corner of Fifth and
Maix streets, in the building lately known
m the Court House, Oregon City, Oregon.
Terms of Subscription.
Ont copy, one vear in advance 3 00
. " " " it delayed 4 00
Terms of Advertising.
Transient advertisements, per square
(12 lines or less) first insertion ...2 50
for each subsequent insertion 100
llusincss Cards one square per annum
payable quarterly 12 AO
One column per annum 1-0 00
One half column " 0 t0
One quarter " - 00
Legal advertising at the established rates.
U US I NESS OA RD S.
Dr. F. Barclay, II. R. C. L.
Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
OFFICE: At RtMn.c,
Hai Street (J. Oregou City.
permanently LutcaUd at Oregon City, Oregon.
Rooms with Dr. Satrarans, on Main street
OSWEGO H0US2 !
JOIIX RC1!a!H Proprietor,
TS now prepared to receive and entertain
X all who may favor him with their patron
age. The House is ev and the Kooms are
Xewlr and Neat'v Furnished. The Table
will be supplied with all the delicacies at
the season. The House is situated near the
ateamer landing. The proprietor will at all
limes endeavor to give entire satisfaction to
all WliO in.tr t;ivor him with a call, and
Would respectfully solicit the patronage of
the Traveling Public. 4l:tr.
Hoard per week ?" 00
Hoard and Lodging 6 00
Single Meals SO
Main street, (opposite the Woolen Mills,)
Oregon Cilj, Oregon.
S. B. KELLY,
tf This is lhe most commodious Hotel
in the cttj Newly furnished, andjust open
tor the receplion of guests.
lf It will be the endeavor of the Propri
etor to make his guests comfortable. 'JO.tf
liain Street ; Oregon City.
JACOB BOEHM, Proprietor.
lVEUcctio.vix prices t
the- undersigned wishes to give notice
that from .Saturday, October nth, lSt!7; prices
nt the above hciusO Vill be as follows :
Hoard and Lodging per week 'i 00
Hoard without Lodging 4 on
Mloard and Lodging per dav 1 00
Oregon City, Oct. Sil; 1S(57. l."0:tf
Kfirhi Opposite Waoim Fl.crv .
W . V. WIHTK. I . .
t. W. R1IOADES, f 1 ropnetors.
Oregon City, Oregon.
We invite the citizens of Oregon City; and
the traveling public, to give us a share of
their patronag ;. Meals can be had at all
hours, to please the ur.ost fastidious. 15
Notice to the Public.
IIIWE thin (lav closed the Harlow House
in rnvor of the Clitr House. Hope my
old customers-will give their liberal patron
I" the above well kept house. They
will lind Messrs. White A Khoades always
ou hand to niake guests comfortable.
' WM. HAKLOW.
Justice of the Peace Oily Recorder.
Office Iuthe Court House and City
Council lloom, Oi'egon City;
il! attend to the acknowledgment of
deeds, und all other duties appertaining to
Iheollice of Justice of the Peace.
At the 1 Root Shop, Main street,
Oregon Oily, Oregon.
Can, nnd does, make the best boot of any
m.m wh attemps the business.
lf" Hel'er to customers. 35
Retail dealer in School Rooks, Sta
thrifty; also, cPalcnt Medicines,
At the Post-ollice, in Masonic Budding,
Oregon City, Oregon.
CONTRA CTOR and RUILDER,
Jluin tttrect, Oregon City.
Will attend to all work in his line, con
sisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner work
framing, building, etc Jobbing promptly
attended to. (2
JOHN H. SCHEAM,
Manufacturer and Dealer in
Wain street, between Third and Fourth,
"1M1E attention of parties desiring anything
X in my line, directed to my stock, be
fore making purchases elsewhere".
0yj JOHN 1I.SC1IRAM.
Q City Drayman)
AH orders for the delivery of merchandise,
packages and freight ot whatever descrip
""n, to any part of the city, will be executed
Fomptlj and witbare. " 16.6m
W. F. HIGHFIELD,
Established since 1S49, at the old stand,
Mai.x Stbkbt, Oregox City.
An assortment of Watches, Jew
elry, and Seth Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which are warranted
to be as represented.
Kepairings done on short notice,
and thankful for past favors. (37
Succwor to SXITII d; MAliSIIALL,
Mack-Smilh and Wagon' Maker,
I r Crn-'r of laiu and Third streets,
J Oregou City Oregon.
4 'smithing in all its branches. Wagon
I Bk.,n nd repairing. All work warranted
I '0lve SUitactiou. (30
t t 1.J
L add &
Wiil give prompt attention to collections,
and other business appertaining to Hanking.
Sight and Telegraphic Exchange
On San Francisco and the Atlantic States for
sale. Government Securities bought and
L. 0. Fuller,
Pays the Highest Price for Gold Dust
Legal Tenders and Government securities
bought and sold. No. 10S Front st.,
-tf Portland, Oietron.
I. CRAHON". CHAVNCT BALL.
G RAD ON & Co.,
Wagons & Carriages,
201 and 20-3 Front st., Portland, Oregon.
CO" Wagons of every description
made to order. Genera Uolbing done
with neatness and dispatch.
Orders from the country promptly
IlVltO.V Z. UOLSES.
HOLMES & SUNDERLAND,
95 First street, Portland Oregon.
Manufacturers and dealers in Hoots nnd
shoes of the latest styles and best material.
San Francisco and Philadelphia
goods always on hand. Agents for Howe's
Family Sewing Machines, and John (. Fed
som's hand sewing machines. Needles and
thread for sale. (34. lj
Thomas W. Kinney,
49 Front street, Portland Oregon,
WINES AND LIQUOBSj
is constant! v in rpofmt. of l'nr Wl.Itlm-c
direct frmn thf Aflnntlf't-itnc on ,.if..
w ........ .....t . . nu Ltiii viai
i.i. i i i , . ' .
u inu iracie ocuer inducements than am-
oilier tiouse in I'ortlanu.
S OME THING JSE W !
Scots with Wire Quilted Bottoms
These Boots are intulo nn tlio A Til nrino n
comfortable, ami require no breaking-iu."
rrii i r r , . .
j. ne Hire yuiieed botes
last twice as long as the ordinary soles. A
splendid assortment just received at
li. 1). WHITE & Co.'s,
15oot and Shoe store,
34.) 1S1 First st. Portland.
W. C. JOHNSON. F. O. M COW.V.
JOHNSON & BIcCOWll,
OHEGOX CITV, OREGON.
"Will attend to all business entrusted
t. our care in auv of the Courts of the State,
collect money, negotiate loans, sell real es-
2.:'l' articular attention given to contested
uud cases. 1 . vl
J. B. UPTOII,
Attorney and Couxselor-at-Law,
Oregon Ci'y, Oregon.
7T Office over the store of Pope & Co.,
Main street. 4'Uf
Oregon City, Oregon.
OHlce iu Charman's Hrick Block, up
A. H. BELL.
E. A. PARKEK.
AND DEALERS 1
Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints,
Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
And every article kept in a Drug Store.
33.) Main Stkeet, Oregon Citt.
Went SLle Jrt.-4 Street, Mtcfn, Second arid
'Third, Oi eijoit City.
GEORGE A. HAAS - - - - Proprietor.
The proprietor begs leave to inform his
friends and the public generally that the
above named popular saloon is open for their
accommodation; with ft new and well assort
ed supply of the linest brands of wines,
liquors and cigars. 52
JOHX FA It It.
FASR & BROTHER,
Butchers and Meat Venders.
Thankful for the favors of he commtihify
In the past, wish to say that they will con
tinue to deliver to their patrons, from the
wagon, as usual
Oft Tuesdays and Saturdays of each toce'k,
all the best qualities of Beef, Mutton, and
Pork, or any other class of meats in the
KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND FOR SALE :
BRAN A ND CHICKEN FEED !
X?" Parties wanting feed must furnish
heir sacks. SO.tf
' NOTICE TO ALL
First Class Fine or Coarse
Boots and Shoes!
Made or Tiepaired. Especial care and at
tention paid to orders for tine work, such as
Ladies' and Misses Fine Gaiters, Gents' Fine
French Calf Hoots, etc.
H?" Orders solicited from abroad will be
executed with neatness and dispatch.
TEliWILLIGF.Il & SMITH,
4tf Green st., Oswego. Oregon
A. 1. MONROE. W. A. K. M ELLEN.
MASS II MG VORK.
MONROE & MELLEN,
Dealers in California, Vermont, and
Italian Marbles, Obelisks, Monu
merits, Head and Foot stones,
Mantles and Furniture Marble furnished
to order. I2
RANCH FOR SALE. "
ITUATED BETWEEN THE CLACK-
amas and the
OREGON CITY TOWN PLAT !
In the vicinity of the place of T. J. Hunsaker
T" Will be sold cheap for cash.
A?Plv to LEVY & FECHHE1MEK,
r.tf " Msin street, Oregon City
Hope, new-born one pleasant morn,
Died at even ;
Hope dead lives nevermore,
No, not in heaven.
If his shroud were but a cloud,
To weep itself away ;
Or were he buried underground
To sprout some day !
But dead and gone is dead and gone,
Vainly wept upon.
Naught we place above his face
To mark the spot,
Bat it shews a barren place
In our lot,
Hope has birth no more on earth
Morn or even ;
Hope dead lives nevermore,
No, not in heaven.
The "Bi-oail Giiiigt" a. Failure.
Some years ago quite an enthusiam
prevailed for broad gauge railroads.
Tuft Erie was the first experiment on
a large scale; and many predicted
the results would be so favorable
that all the narrow guage roads would
be widened to the Erie standard.
The cars were more roomy and more
comfortable, and it was held that the
wear and tear of rolling stock would
be much less. Afterwards, a broad
gauge road was projected and most
of it constructed from Olean, a point
on the Erie, to Dayton, Ohio. The
design was to connect with the Ohio
and Mississippi Railroad at or near
Cincinnati the latter having at the
outset adopted the broad gauge track.
But it turns out that the experiment
has nowhere been successful. The
Erie did not swallow up the narrow
b""blj uul' "ua uucii iiuiu iue nisi a
losing business. The Atlantic and
Great Western is already ia the
hands of a receiver. The Ohio and
Mississippi Railroad is to be changed
forthwith to a narrow gauge; and we
have probably an end of the broad
gauge in this county. A continuous
line from New York to St. Louis
with a broad gauge, it was thought,
would control the through passenger
and freight traffic between these two
cities. The contest between Vander
bi!t and Drew turned somewhat on
the project of the former to secure a
croutrolling interest in a line of road
from Dunkirk to Chicago, so that by
changing gauges to correspond with
the Erie, a through line miht be es
tablished between New York and
Chicago independent of Vanderbilt.
This project also failed.
But the most decisive blow was
given unconsciously by President
Lincoln, when he decided that the
narrow gauge, or that most generally
in use, should be the standard for the
Pacific Railroad. The Erie lost mil
lions by that decision, because from
that time it was manifest that it could
not become one of the main feeders
ot the Pacific; and because the pres
tige of broad gauges Was hopelessly
destroyed. The 4 feet and 10-inch
standard Will probably prevail every
where in this country; at least the
broad gauge experiments in this
country, which have swallowed up So
much money without any returns to
stockholders, are at an end. It now
appears that it was not an arbitrary
decision of President Lincoln, but one
made after careful examination of ad
vantages by which the width of track
now in general use was adopted for
the great road across the continent.
Time has vindicated the justness of
his views. When the question was
pending, a prodigious effort was made
to secure a different result; and this
was hardly a matter of surprise, see
ing that millions were at stake, and
the decision involved the prosperity
of powerful railroad companies.
As the time draws near When the
Pacific Railroad will be completed,
it is interesting to note how all the
railroads from the Missouri to the
Hudson are boing marshalled iato
lines, so that what are deemed vital
connections with the great overland
line, can be made. There will
line, can be made. There will be
lively times on these Eastern connec
tions, and it is hardly possible that
any one of them can monopolize the
whole business. Rut the whole neU
work of railroads extending East and
West appears to be drawing to a
focus at one or two points on the
Missouri River, as at Omaha and
Kansas City. The struggle for pre
cedence, and the efforts made to con
solidate or harmonize conflicting in
terests, serve to show how fully alive
the public interest has already be.
come in the Atlantic States at all the
possible advantages which will result
from the early completion of the
Fashionable Stationery. Messrs.
J. E. Tilton & Co.. Boston Mass., will send
by mail, post-paid, a handsome box of as
sorted fashionable note papers with envel
opes to match, stamped with any initial de
sired, to the address ef cny one remitting
to them one dollar. In sending, write the
iaiiial clear nad rleia. " ll.im.
OREGON CITY, OREGON,
UltAXJO iuXBE VA.LEV.
From the Blue Mountain Times. ,, x
The first exclamation of nearly
every person who, from any of the
surrounding mountains, gets a first
view of our valley, is, how beautiful I
We propose, for the benefit of those
who have never been fortunate
enough to see it, to give a hasty, birds-
eye view of it.
lne valley is about So miles in
extreme length, by an average width
of 15 miles. Is for so large a track,
quite regularly shaped, in the form
ot an oblong circle. The lands are
undulating, but not sufficiently to be
classed as rolling prairie. The soil
is mostly of a very rich loam, of an
average depth of three feet, and pos.
sesses the quality in a remarkable
degree, of retaining moisture. The
Grande Ronde river cuters the valley
on the west side, and runninp- almost
across it to the base of the moun
tains on the opposite side, turns north,
and finds an outlet near the north end
of the valley through a rocky cauyon,
thence makes its way in a north eas
teriy direction to Snake river, into
which it empties about thirty miles
from the valley. The main tributary
of the Grande Ronde in the valley is
Cathatine Creek, which comes in
from the mountains near the south
end of the valley on the cast side
runs dub north alon the east side of
the valley and empties into the
Grande Rondo near the beud. Coun
ty roads cross the valley in all di
rections ; but the main roads are toll
roads. One called " the Meacham
Road," comes over the Blue moun-
tains, and follows the Grande Ronde
river for some distance, until itemer
ges into the valley at Ora Dell, thence
goes to La Grande, thence directly
east across the valley to Union town,
and at the south end via Pyles canyo-i
or the old emigrant mad of Ladcl's
hill. A nother is called the " Thomas
& Ruckel Road,'' running over the
Blue mountains from the head waters
of the Umatilla river, entering the
valley on the west side near the north
end arid running tlirotmh the town
of SummcrviHe, crosses the valley
to the opposite side, then running up
the east side, passing the mouth of
Forest Cove, through Union, leaves
this for Powder River valley, via the
same outlets as the Meacham road.
The surrounding mountains are
covered with fir and pine, and numer
ous little mountain streams furnish
splendid water powers for milling
purposes. The valley all lies in Un
ion county, the summit of the sur
rounding mountains, being in the
main the county boundary line.
The first actual settlers in the val
ley, who made any ntterllpt at build
ing their homes and cultivating the
soil, were of the immigration of 18G2,
and composed of the hardy pioneers
of Iowa and Missouri. Five years
of steady increase of population and
consequent labor, have produced
wonderful changes in the appearace
Of the Valley. The waste prairie has
changed lo fenced and cultivated
farms, and in all directions the handi
work of intelligence and industry is
visible. Comfortable houses and out
houses have been built, orchards
planted, and from the poor immigrant
has sprung the well-to do farmer.
The county seat is La Grande, situ
ated in the south end of the valley,
on the west side, contains about C00
inhabitants, its complement of Etorcs
and shops, two printing presses, etc.
Union is a considerable town, 15
miles from La Grande, on Catharine
Creek, is a place of considerable bus
iness, nearly all the roads through
the valley centering there; has a
Post and Express office, two hotels,
several stores and all the necessary
shops, etc., to make up a town. Sura
merville, before mentioned on the
Thomas & Ruckel Road, is a small
town in the west end of the valley,
and boasts its store, post, office hotel
and blacksmith shop. Ora Dell, be
fore mentioned, is situated on both
sides of the Grande Ronde river, at
the mouth of the canyon, and also
boasts its hotel, store, post office, and
We have reserved the mills of our
valley for special attention. There
are of these, five flouring, and three
saw mills. The flouring mill at La
Grande is the only one run by steam.
It ia owned by J. R. Wilkinson. The
flouring and saw mill at Ora Dell, are
combined, and are run by the Grande
Ronde river. A beautiful and ro
mantic spot is the Ora Dell mill site.
A flouring mill at Union, on Cathar
ine creek, is under the supervision of
Mr. Wright. Another flouring mill
owned by S. G. French & Co., is on
a tributary of Catharine creek, in
Forest Cove, about two miles from
rthe valley properand still higher up
m the Cove, and run by the same lit
tie mountain stream, is a saw mill
At Summerville is a flouring mill
owned by Rinehart Bros., run by a
tributary of the Grande Ronde, and
up in the foot hills on a very roman
tic little mountain stream, is the saw
mill of Bovce & Trimble. These
mills all make the best of flour and
lumber, and have worked a wonder
ful change in our home affairs. In
stead of importing all of our flour
from the Willamette valley, we now
nearly supply the Boise and Owyhee
countries, and, in all probability, wil
another season begin to repay the
above mentioned valley in their own
kind. Two large Shrub and Fruit
tree nurseries are well matured ; one
owned by Gangloff, at Ora Dell, and
one by Geer, in Forest Cove, and
we shall soon be independent of
the Willamette for fruit.
Many other items, the Hot Lake
and House of Clark & Newhard, the
Salmon fishing, etc., might be men
tioned, but a full description of our
valley, its contents and surroundings,
would require more space than we
have to spare. The main particu
lars may be found in our advertising
columns, or special mention made
from time to time hereafter.
A SUCCESSFUL, SKIRMISH.
The following intelligence was re
ceived by the Dalles Mountaineer,
from Camp Harney, June 9lh:
On Monday, May 25th, Lieut.
Stanton, 1st Cavalry, with 37 men
of his company, ("F") started from
his post to return the Boise Indian
scouts to their station, and with the
inteution of doing a little scouting
himself on the way.
On Sunday, May 31st, Archie
Mcintosh, chief of scouts, found a
band of hostile Indians on the north
fork of the Malheur, with inthe morn
ing shadow of Castle Rock, sixty
nines i mm nerc. nere mey nau es
. I - I T t . 1 ,
launsnea a salmon trap, nnd were
prepared to cnioy life. A band of
18 or 20 made their escape, but a
very important sub chief, K. E. Grant,
with four warriors, were captured by
Lieut. Stanton, in the dense thicket
on the bank of the river, whila Ar
chie took in about 20 horses. Du
ring the skirmish, First Seanreant
M'CuIIohkIi received a severe flesh
wound in the right side from an iron
slug, which narrowly missed the vi.
tal parts; and was cut out by Sur
geon Moffat on Tuesday.
On Sunday night, fearing an at
tack in force, which was really immi
nent, Lieut. Stanton despatched a
messenger to the . post for reinforce
meats. At 8 o'clock on Monday
morning; Lieutenants M'Cleaves and
Kopes Of the 8th Cavalry; were in
the saddle with 80 men of the 1st and
8th aud a ride of fourteen miles took
them to the scene of the difficulty.
On Tuesday, E. D. Grant was
summoned to a talk with Lieutenant
M'Cleave in which he expressed his
desired to live at peace, and his wil
lingness to send out fdr his warriors,
and also for old We-Wah-We-Wah,
who is regarded as the big chief of
all this district, urging them to come
in and surrender. These stipulations
appear to have been carried out on
his part in good faith, for when on
Saturday, the Cth inst., Capt. Kelly
went out to the camp; he found some
fifty Indians already there, and had
the satisfaction of meeting face to
face the renowned We-Wah-We-Wah
himself, and of hearing from
his own lips that lie was tired of fight
ing. He says that it will take from
seven to ten daj7s to gather his whole
tribe, but that by that time they
will all come in and go with the
white chief. If this capture can be
fully consummated, it will be of im
mense value to the country. Our
experience, has unfortunately been,
that so long as Indian hostilities are
kept up, We have received relatively
more damage than we have inflicted,
and this is true of the whole country,
East as well as West.
It is a very hopeful sign that they
are willing to sue for peace at this
season of the year, when it is most
easy for them to subsist without help
from the whites; and this the first
time old We-Wah We-Wah has
shown himself to ns except in a bos
In the hands of the Indians and in
their camps were found several me
mentoes of their unfortunate victims.
Among others was one of the latest
patent Henry rifles, globe; a hat
perforated by u ball which evidently
had passed through the owners head,
and unmistakable relics of three sol
diers who deserted from this post
last winter, and met a fearful fate
while trying to escape from service.
It is probable that the affair of last
winter at Slaughter mountain, when '
so many of thera were cut off by
the Major Percy, while in fancied se
curity, has had a powerful effect in
disposing the hostiles to peace now.
They hare learned that it is some
times dangerous to be safe, even for
: A messenger has been dispatched
to intercept Gen. Crook, en route for
Camp Watson, and he is expected to
be here in a day or two to assume
the management of the treaty.
The Oregonian of last Saturday,
says: " We have had some conversa
tion with a gentleman who came here
from Puget Sound on the last trip of
the George S. Wright, concerning
the ship building now going on at the
various places on the sound. He
says that a large vessel of 000 tons
register is nearly completed at Port
Madison and the owners have the
draughts for another of much larger
dimensions; to be built soon. Other
parties are about to begin the build
ing of two other vessels at Port
Madison, and another large one at
Port Ludlow. These are only a few
of the vessels in course of construc
tion or soon to be commenced on
Puget Sound. The multiplication of
these enterprises on Puget Sound in
dicate clearly that ship building is a
paying business, and suggests the in
quiry, "Might not Oregon capital be
profitably employed in ship building,
on the Willamette and Columbia
rivers?" Since our last notice of this
matter, we have been furnished with
some figures concerning costs and
profits, which seem to answer the
query iu conclusive terms.
For example, say that We can get
a 000 tons bark built aud equipped
for 23,000 - and experienced ship
builders say that it can be done. The
cost and profits of running her will
appear in the following figures:
Captain's wages per month $125
Mate's " " 00
2d Mate's " " f0
Cook's " " ."'Vi
.Six men at 35 each 21 0
Total c!r drc' month ?015
Total for bile year 7,SS0
Add to this, cost per voyage
San Francisco and Columbia bar
Itiver pilotage 100
Wear and tear 100
Total for six voyages per year. . J
The above calculation is based on
the supposition that the vessel would
make six trips in twelve months, be
iwccn nerc ana onn xrancisco. iow
suppose her to carry GOO tons per
trip each way, making; a total of
1,200 tons for each round voyage.
Six vovages would amount to 7,200
tons. Take $6 as the average price
of freight and we have sum of $'3G,.
000 as the earnings of one year.
Take from this the expenses .$12,
4S0 and we have left, the snug sum
of $23,520 as the net profits of one
year; or, allowing 1,200 for insur
ance, we have 22,320 almost
enough to cover the expense of build
ing and equiping the vessel. If these
figures do not put the matter in the
proper light, we will obliged to any
one competent to give an Opinion,
who will suggest the necessary cor
Names Ending in " On." Boxed
up iu a railway carriage a few nights
ago, says the London Z?fi7cer, the
observation occurred to us that a
arg'e proportion of our most emi
nent men in their various paths bear
a name ending in " on." Thus we
have Bacon, our greatest philosopher;
3yron and Thompson, our greatest
descriptive poets ; Clarkson, Buxton
and Colston, some of our greatest
philanthropists ; Gibbon, our most
eminent historian ; Clarendon, not far
short ; Gibson, one of our best sculp
tors ; Hilton and Ilaydon, amongst
our best historical painters ; Incledon,
our greatest ballad singer ; Jameston,
our 'greatest female writer on art;
Johnson and Addison, our most dis
tinguished .essayists ; Lytton, our
greatest living novel writer ; Milton,
our greatest living epic poet ; Mur-
chison, our most distinguished geolo
gist ; Newton, our greatest astrono
mer ; Palmerston, the most English
of statesmen ; Stephenson, our great
est railway engineer ; Tennyson, our
greatest living poet ; Wellington, our
greatest military commander (with
Napoleon for adversary ;) and Nel-
son, our .greatest sea captain. j.s
among men of lesser rank, Ben Jon
son, Chatterton,J Hutton, Wharton;
merson, Simpson, John Britton, Al
ison, Paxton, llaylinson, Conniugs
ton, V atson, Gordon, noei raton,
Mark Lemon, Gardner Wilkinson,
ames Fercrusson, Donaldson, bir
Thomas Watson (our first physici-
an,)and many others will recur to
the memory. Surely this is very
remarkable, and, so far as we know,
the observation has never been made
before. All these names speak of
progress they cry - excelsior i
Echo herself savs, as eacii came is
repeated. " On f" The circumstan
ces that London may be given as the
scene of their labors, and these lines
are penned in Brompton, may serve
curiously to carry on the terminal co
incidence, though they do not oearon
the original observation, as we print
thera in Oregon.
From the New York Independent.
Representative Public Men Uiunt
I have just written the names of
the two most popular favorites in the
country. There are others, called
greater men, more profound states
men. Yet Grant is the pride of the
army, Colfax the delight of civil life.
Destiny snatches her special dark
jug from the arms of obscurity, mock
ing birth and degree, and she sets
them in the world's highest places.
Scarcely a name has burst upon the
vorld in transcendent lustre that did
not at the first emerge from the
heavy cloud of defeat and humilia
tion. Not many years ago the well paid,
little-to-do cDicers of the United
States army used to cross the street
to avoid meeting a young ex-captain,
turned farmer, because he " bored"
them by asking them to use their in
fluence to assist him in recovering his
former position. To-day no officer,
whatever his rank, would be greatly
bored by a conversation with this
same cx-captain, nor very likely to
cross the street to avoid meeting the
general of all the armies, the certain
to-be president of the United States
Less than ten years ago the people of
America had never heard of Ulysses
S. Grant. He was poor, he was
disappointed. He had neither so.
cial position nor political influence.
Though he lived but a few doors
away, he had never even spoke to
Elihu Washburne, the brave con
gressman, who afterward fought his
battles through all defeat, and who
washed his escutcheon while of blame
long before Grant himself could lift
into the keen sunlight of renown.
Not many years ago a young man
sat in a little office in a small town
of the west, clipping and writing for
the columns of an obscure newspaper.
He could boast of brave blood :.n 1
au honorable lineage, but the world
did not know it. His name was his
toric by right cf birth; yet, beyond
the narrow area of a fuW counties, no
one had ever heard of him. Nature
had not stinted his birth-right. Ad
versity had train-d him for life. He
entered the service of his generation
with a sunny courage, an endless
patience, a ciear head, and a true
heart. One lias said profoundlv:
1 - - - ' 11 II 1 1,
Temperament is fate. Not one of ns
" 1 cue ran lent 1Q rrrnifnr tbnn oil
is more or less than our temperament
make us. Schuyler Colfax has th
temperament of success. He berran
his career with an honorable ambi
tion and dauntless faith in the future
let, through all the dreaming of
youth, it is doubtful if tho 44 narrow
rtalls" of the newspaper office
" stretched away into halls'' of the
capitol of the nation, or that he be
Held uimsclr the thud in rank in the
government of this country within
less than twenty years.
The prestige of Grant is entirety
siye he has not the temperament
u.eu ni&pueB.spo,uaneous, inaiviuu
v-.iw.uo,. ...... xuu oc hum. iiuu I
drill it HlfflZ-MlIt t." lCO.-nnfn U...
. ..oouiutc ma pei-
sonauty wiin nis aeeas. and make
mib:ji un . xue popularity oi uouax
i3 puiciv L.cioouai. xie lias me
"'r. . . J V. . . 11 11U'VM,'F'
wnicu inevuauiy inspires personal
devotion. Beyond this he has the
unswerving integrity of character, the
sagacity of intellect, the clear vision,
and executive gifts which the Ameri
cans admire, if they do not always
demand them, in their statesmen. He
is the idol of the west. He is a fa
vorite of the women; not only be
cause he says very pleasant things to
them, nor because he grew into man
hood revering womanhood, but be
cause all true women know intuitive
ly that he is a true man, holding his
soul blameless in honor. To believe
is a necessity of woman at least of
a goou nan. i saw in a paper the
. j . i .,
otner aay mat, it American women
couia vote, uie next president ct the
unueu oiaies wc-um De ocuuyier
onax.' very niceiy. irtrue the
fact would be very much to his cred-
u; ior we an auow mat tuose puunc
men, wno are ueuevea m ana sup-
ported by the best women are the
best men. VVe Known, also, that the
most illustrious men of all ages and
uaiions nave uiawn meir inguest in
spiration and best success from the
friendship and devotion ot women.
Schuyler Colfax is a politician in
the highest sense of that much abused
term; for the best years of his active
manhood have been devoted to the
study of politic' science'and the ad
ministration of public affairs. Gen
eral Grant by nature is anything
more than a politician, lie has seen
tne time wuen ne was too inuinerent
as to wno was 10 ue me next, presi-
, i - . . i
dent of the United States to vote for
anybody His habits of tempera-
ment and of thought led him peacea-
bly along the straight path of disci-
pane auu rouuue, uu uestiny sua-
denlj forced him to the very sum-
manes me anuiuesis or tne otner.
- , .-.1 , I
Thev are in a singular degree coun-
, w - I
modifying or supplying the defect or
excess ot its opposite.
Bo utter has been General Grant's
negation as a politician that the most
exigent republicans have distrusted
the soundness of his faith in the tenets
of the party, and ha 6 turned their
unenthusiastic eyes upon him only
as an uninteresting necessity to be
secured by tnem against the triumph
of the Democrats. Not until the
publication of his private letters to
President Johcson on the removal of
Sheridan and Stanton, did he, as a
man, seem to quicken the public pulse
to one thrill of enthusiasm. Yet
these letters only proved what hirf
acts attested long ago that, when he
has anything to do, he does it; when!
he has anything to say, he says it:
However dumb' before, when the oc
casion" comes he speaks without bin
derance and without fear. He is
loyal to h friend, he is loyal to his
duty: and you feel in every line, how
ever calmly, that his heart throbs
deeply and traty for his country.
Republics are not always ungratfi
ful. And the grand armies ofothis
western land feel that they owe more
to the soldier who led them from de
feat to victory than to any other
man. The soldiers of the republic?
know that their own'renown is iodis
solubly linked with his fame; that he
who led the national armies ethrouglf
"the Wilderness" of death to triumph
ant peace is the man who should re
ceive the highest recon-pense in the
gift of this liation;
That Grant is lo be the next Pres
ident of the United States seems to
be a foregone conclusion, and the
man coupled oftenest with his for tie
vice presidency is that of Colfax. q
Further than being one more proof
of public favor and confidence, the
election of Schuyler Colfax to tin
vice presidency would add very little"
to his honors. He Is already the
chief of the great house of that con
gress affectionately called by Wen
dell Phillips the " dwadling Ocoii
gress;'' which, nevertheless, in idea
and action, has always been in ad
vance of the people. As a man,
there is everything to be said in fa
vor of his election to an office of higH
er trust. He is One of whose power'Q
rises spontaneously to equal oppor
tunity. Thirteen years in congress
elected over and over again by
large majorities, and great enthusi
asm, against bitterly contes'.ing op
ponents; three consecutive times elect-5
ed speaker of the house of represen
tatives, through every promotion of
public service he has given the ini-4
pression, not of exhausted, but of q
buoyant, progressive, patient power,
equal to prdfounder demand and
higher occasion. 0
Mr. Colfax is pre-eminently adapt
ed to fill a national office, because in
the largest sense he is a representa
tive American. Of the people and
with the people, it is impossible ebr
him to be purely sectional in h:s fym
pathies or in his ideas of legislation.
He his greater personal familiarity
with the resources and interests H
fhe whole country than any other
public man, having traveled in ever)
state frdm Oregon to Maine, hailed
everywhere by the masses of th'
people as a beloved friend. He is
incorruptible, he has remarkable ex
ecutive talents, besides an individual
acquaintance With public men of aU
parties, a knowledge of presiding and
of parliamentary law not exceeded,
if equalled, by any other Amei icau
in ahlic n'fe
The chief objection offered by ti
rinHtimone r,F r r Rfofco oo net 4k
I1 . .
nnm nnt rill i-if Mr I n for IhM ..I
locaIitV. They assjert lhat lhe weh
is nsurping the cid prestige of th.
emith In t'm mnnhnnW rf .,,,1.1,..
emolument. It is time to take n
view. How puerile is tl
selfsassertidn of any one State when
it attempts to Claim as its own a man
born on its soil, or living within i.
precincts, whose name and iufluenc
is national. Grant was born b
Ohio, has lived in Missouri and i.i
Illinois his home, whether he l.
made president or not, is in Wash
ington. Colfax was born in Nev
York, has lived in Indiana, and n.
sympathy belongs to one side of In
continent no more than to the other
Grant if elected, (independent of l!
locality) will be elected by the whole
people. He is not of the north, m r
r t "
of lhe c0ulh. He is of the whole na
lior)j reflecting in his person th
triumph of its arms and vindication
0f ,ts principles. Let every scctioi
al mnrmur cease in the acclaim of tl
cntjre people pronouncing the names
Gf their rulers. Is the fancied pr
rotative of anv one State a P-r.iin ,.f
jast in the balance, compared with
the weal of n r.ist nation lmmL.
tered through its chief executives?
The coal oil fiend is killing it h
victims by the dozen, weekly. Any
U! L Ml .1 i
wing which win avert me Clangor
should be known. The Burlington,
The explosion is caused bv n
practice of neglecting to cut off th-
charred portion of the wick when th..
amn ig f, ed: observation will
that in a few days' use tl. wirt in
comes like charcoal in composition
for n innli hr-lnw iIia ia nf iUf,,i...
containing it, and after the lamp has
burned a short time the heated tub,.
fires al of the charred nnrtinn nf il.
wick inside. and that sets the oil on
fire below this mav Via nroronto I,,-
. , j,.,v.. -v
flltlinrr oil a enfficmnt nArtuin nf tl.
charred wir-lr Hav frpr
w - - m iu . v i. w . 'j . i..v.. W t i.i
Referring to the statement that
Drew has been elected president f
the corporators of the Drew Theolog
ical Seminary, the Boston Transcrij t
observes: " This is a singular appoint
ment for a man who controls a broml
gauge road, which leads to destruc
If you wish the verv best Cabinet Photc
oi.APB9, vou. must calf on Bbadlet & Rclf.
sok, 429 Icntomery street, .San Francisco.
; -J ..
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7 i r
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