Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868, May 16, 1868, Image 1

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Vol. 2
OKEGON CITY, OKEGOIVj SATUBDAV; HI AY 16, 1808
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(T)c iUcckhj Enterprise.
" pi-BLISHUD EVERY SATCKDAT MORXIXO ? '
' By oD . C . IRE Ii A N D ,
:z nrir-g..i.h east corner of Firraand
aiv streets, in the building lately known,
fcs th Court HoHse, Oregon Citr, Oregon.
Terms of Subscription.
Onconv. one year in ndTance J. I ; .. .$ 00
I .." .V7, if delayed.-. . 4 00
J Terms of Advtrtising.
Trn'icnt advertisements, per 'square
(12 lines or less) tirst insertiou
fereach subsequent insertion 1 W
Business Cards one square per annum
payable quarterly 1- .
Otie cohimn per annum ) '
One half column " b, '
Oue quarter 1 " 4' 00
Leal advertising at the established rates.
1 Book and Job Printing !
JE K - TEKPHIS E O V PICE
f Is Mtpplied with every requisite for doing
J a superior tyle of work, and' is constant
'l v aecumulatiii? new tuid ltfaiiful .styles
.O of mut-.ial, and is prepared for every
a variety of
POOK AND .ion
: J 15 I TV rfi ING !
0
at SATisKAcronr vuicks.
7-V Tbe Tublic are inrited to cnll arid
? examine both our specimens and facilities
i i for doing work.
B V SI NESS OA RDS.
Ladd & Tilton
I3AXKKRS,
FOKTLAM), OllKtiOX.
Wid give prompt attention to collections,
and other business apj -i taining to Hanking.
Siyit and Telegraphic Exchange
On Sn r'rancisco and the Atlantic States for
Kile. Government fcecunues bouglit ana
xi.tf
L. C. Fuller,
litjt the Highest Price for Gold Dust
l.cal Tenders and Government securities
bought and sold. No. It'1 Front St.,
xl tf 1'ortlatid, Oregon.
Dr. F. Barclay, 1I. R. C. L.
i (Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. D. Co.)
O WICK :J t R-hhn re,
"Main Street .vm Oregon City.
Dr. CHARLES BLACK,
- Vhysicitin, i5itrrco:i and Accoucheur.
DFKICE Corner of Washington and Front
str.-ets, 1'arrish's lilock, 1'oriland, Oregon.
1 KMS1DKNCK Washington street, between
Fourth and Fifth streets.
J. WELCH,
KXi&J&a DK.VTJST.
ft vP neatly Lw t!''-.l id Orfjnn, City, Oregon.
' tonins with Dr. Saflarans, on Main street.
wO -
BENTON KILLIN,
? q Oregon t'ity. Oregon.
(lliee ia Chaiinau's 1'riek Ulock, up
i Mairs. (.li':tf)
.aw. c. ionxso.N. F. O. M cowx.
t Sot try J'tlUc.
JOHNSON Sj. rCcCOWN,
OUKGON CITY", OREGON.
"Will attend to all business entrusted
t our c-ire in any of the Courts of the State,
'-U-et ineti-v-, negotiate loans, sell real es
, t (. et6. 0'
i i.v"i,urtrcnhir attention given to contested
s. i iiid cases. l.vl
I ' J. B. UPTON ,
iArroKNEV and Counsei.ok-at-.Law,
i Oregon dig, Oregon.
l tf Ofttec over the store of lo ps & Co.,
Iaui street. . 45.tf
i JAME3 IVL IfloOB E, "
Jnstrce fiflhe Ptace d- Cilg Recorder.
Office In the Court itouse nnJ City
Council Room, Oregon City.
Wif. attend to the acknowledgment of
leeds, and all other duties appertaining to
liic otliee of Justice of the l'eace. -:ly
A. H. It ELL.
t. A. PAUrCEIi.
BELL, St. PARKER.
I) HUG il S T S ,
AXD TEALEKS IX
Chemicals, Pa lent Medicines, Pa in is,
Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
And every article kept in a Drug Store.
n.t. )
.Main Strkkt, Okbuon City.
J. C. MANX.
TUD3. LEAKY.
Fashion Billiard Saloon.
Maiu street, between Second and Third,
Oregon City. e
MANN & LEARY Proprietors.
f IilK above long established and popular
L Saloon is yet u favorite resort, and as
only the choicest brauds of Wines, Liquors
and CL'ars aie dispensed to customers a
i-h.ire of the public patronage is solicited.
I-?"N.-lt. Families supplied with the
clioieest Liquors, English Ale and I'orter,
,--i'tl't'iLi11!le ,not reasonable terms.
SHADES SALOON.
SJju S'rttt, Mwen Second ajtd
1iird, Or- 'joii, City.
GEORGE A. HAAS - -
Proprietor.
The proprietor beirs leave to inform bis
"ends and the public generally that the
aoove named popular saloon is open for their
accommodation, with a new and well assort
ed supply f tuc tiuest brands of wines,
'4'iors and cigars. i"2
Isaac fabb.
joux FAKE.
PARR& BROTHER,
liutcfors aud Meat Verniers.
. Thankful for the favors of the community
o tae past, wish to say that thev will coii
tmue to deliver to their patrons," from the
wairon, as usual,
q''4 1'tio.luyg and Siturhiy of tacit tcel,
j't the besjualities of Beet, Mutton, and
in the
'Market.
l:tf
laaiperisil Mills,
OUEGOX CITY.
KEEP COXSTAXTLT OX HAND FOR SALE :
din A X AXD CHICKEX FEED !
Z"fi Parties w ,;r tir-- feed
-'::' sdcks.
'.'.it furnish
, v;'.U
JJUSIXESS CARDS, . t
Thomas W. Kinney,
49 Front street, Portland Oregon,
DEALER IN' ' ; -
WINES AND LIQUORS,
Is constantly in receipt of Pure Whiskevs
direct from tbe Atlantic States, andean .oiler
to the "trade beWr inducements than anr
other bouse in Portland. .'
William Bronghton,
CONTRACTOR and BUILDER,
" """" ' -"Main street,' Oregon City. -- '
Will attend to all work in bis line, con
sisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner work
fraining,building, etc Jobbing promptlv
attended to. 50
JOHN H, SCHR AM,
; Mannfacturer and Dealer in
SADDLES, HARNESS,
etc., . etc, . .
I ' Jlaiu street, between Third snd Fourth,
Oregon City.
THE attention of parties desiring anything
in my line, is directed to my stock, be
fore making purchases elsewhere.
(ly) JOHN II.SCIIRAM.
CLARK GREENMAN,
City Dras'iuan,
OP, EG OX CITY.
All orders for the delivery of merchandise,
or packages and freight of whatever descrip
tion, to any part of the city, will be executed
promptly and with care. f-.6m
wTrrfflGHFIELDi
Established since I $40. at the old stand,
Maix Street, Ouegox City.
An assortment of Watches, Jew
elry, and Seth Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which are warrautcd
to be as represented.
Kepairings done on short notice,
fcand thankful lor past favot s. (.37
DAVID SMITH,
.Successor to SMITH MAMMA LL,
Black Smith and Wagnn Maker,
Corner of Main and Third streets.
Oregon City
Oreo-on.
niacksmi thing in all its branches. Wagon
making and repairing. All work warranted
to give satisfaction. (V'J '
I. (iltADON. CltAt XCY BALL.
GR ABO N & Co.,
MANIF ACTTRER3 OF
Wagons & Carriages,
2"! and 203 Front st., Portland, Oregon.
fjO "Wagons of every descrijion
made to order. GeneralJabbing done
with neatness and dispatch.
Orders from the country 2roviplhj
atii ndrd to.
OSWEGO B U SIXES S.
J. A. MacDONALD,
Green Street Oswego, Oregon.
I'ost Muster and. Dealer in
G E N E R A L MERCHANDISE,
Grocrics, Wints unci Li(iiors!
irOTICE ALL
V 110 WANT
I 'irst Class Fine or Coarse
Hoots and Allocs !
Made or Repaired. Especial care and at
tention paid to orders for fine work, such as
Ladies' and Misses Fine Gaiters, Gents' Fine
French Calf iSoots, etc.
Orders solicited from abroad will be
executed with nentness and dispatch.
TEKWILLKJKK & SMITH,
lO.tf Green St., Oswego, Oregon
Oswego brewery
and billiard saloon.
Henry Cans, Proprietor.
The proprietor of the above saloon wishes
to inform his friends and the public in gen
eral ihatheis now ready to accommodate
them with t'se best of Liquors, Beer, Wines
k Cigars. Also agent for the sale of Hum
bel's Oregon City Lager Beer.Cream Ale etc.
Z-tf" Orders promptly attended to. 1(5.
OSWEGO HOUSE!
OSWEGO, OIIEiiON.
JOHN SCHADE Proprietor,
S now prepared to receive and entertain
all who may favor him with their patron
age, the House is .u'tv and the Looms are
Newly and Neat'y Furnished. The Table
will be supplied with all the delicacies of
the season. Tho House is situated near the
steamer landing. The proprietor wiil at all
limes endeavor to give entire satisfaction to
all vh-o may favor him with a call, and
would respec-.full v solicit tbe patronage of
the Traveling Public. 41:tf.
JSoapl per week " 00
Board and Lodging 6 00
Single Meals 50
HOTELS, RESTA URAXTS, $-c.
PacLaughlih House-
Main street, (opposite the Woolen Mills,)
Oregon City, Oregon-.
E. B. KELLY,
Proprietori
IT" This is the most commodious Hotel
in the city. Newly furnished, and just open
for the reception of guests.
XW It wiil be theendeavor of the Propri
etor to make his guests comfortable. !''0.tf
OREGON HOUSE,
Main Street Oregon City.
JACOB B0EHM, Proprietor.
ESTABLISHED 1S57.
heductiox vs prices:
The undersigned winhes to give notice
that from Saturday, October oth, 1867, prices
at the above house will be as follows 1
Board and Lodging per week. . . . . 5 00
oard without Lodging , . 4 no
Board aud Lodging per dar 1 00
JACOB B0EIIM.
Oregon City, Oct. Sd, 18G7. loO:tf
C L IFF HOUSE.
Main Street.
Xearhi Opposite Woc-len Factory.
ly. KiloA&S, - j -rroprietors.
Oregon City, Oregon.
We invite the citizens of Oregon City, and
the traveling public, to give us a share of
their patronage. Meals can be had at all
hours, to please the most fastidious. 15
Notice to the Public.
I HAVE this dav closed the Barlow House
in favor of the Cliff House. Hope my
old customers will give their liberal patron
age to the above well kept bouse. They
will find Messrs. White & Khoades always
or h'-iiid to t:-ske guests comfortable.
WM. HALLOW.
Jim
U.KS.
; RESPECT FU Li Y INSCRIBED TO MBS. TOXER.
The storm fiend reigns over deep Galilee,
" Lord save or we perish," sounds far o'er
the sea; r
Oh! weak is tbe faith of Cbrist's followers
now.
And terror is written on every brow.
While frail human nature with pity doth fill
The heart of the Saviour, "be cries, " Peace
be Still." :
The winds and tbe waves, from their dread
ful unrest,
Sink to sleep, like a child, cn its own moth
ei's breast.
The waves ard the billows have rolled o'er
thy soul, '
The tempest of grief is beyond thy control ;
The one thou hast cherished has gone home
to God
And thou'rt left alone to " pass nnder the
rod,"
But the same loving Saviour looks down
from on high,
And sees all thine anguish with pitying eye;
Think of the pathway the glorious one trod,
And with thine affliction draw nearer to
God.
Think that thy darling bas easily gained,
The crown which the martyrs through fire
attained
And perhaps as a guardian angel may come,
To watch o'er the loved, of her earthly home,
The form of the sainted one may not be seen,
For the veil of mortality banging between,
Vet ever again a low whisper shall come,
You shall see me, sweet mother, in Heaven,
my home ! m. l.
Caxe.mah, May 5th 1S63.
Fate of toe Apostles. Matthew
is supposed to have suffered marty
tlom, or war slain in a city in Ethio
pia. Mark was dragged through the
streets in Alexandria in E-rypt, till
he expired.
Luke was hanged to an olive tree
in Greece.
John was put in a boiling cauldron
at Rome, but escaped death. He
died a natural death in Ephesus, Asia.
James the great was beheaded at
Jerusalem.
James the less, was thrown from
a pinnacle and beaten to death.
Philip vas beheaded.
Bartholomew was skined alive.
Andrew was crucified and pounded
while dying.
Thomas was run through with a
lance.
Jude was shot with arrows.
Simon was crucified.
Malhias was stoned.
IJarnabns was stoned to death.
Paul was beheaded by the tyrant
Nero at Rome.
Political Equality and Social
Equality. We find the following
paragraph in the columns of our
Copperhead cotemporar.y, in July
1SGG. It is the most sensible paras
graph that we remember ever to
have seen in the Herald. If it had
only continued to give its readers
now and then a little piece of com-
mon sense like this, it would by now
have dispelled their prejudices and
cause them to repudiate sham Dem
ocracy. This one little paragraph
completely overturns all the pro
fousd argument it has ever published
on the negro question. Will our
neighbor republish it and endeavor
to learn something from it ? By all
means let him read it over and over,
and mark in how few words his fun1
damental doctrine can be refuted :
There never was greater fallacy
than that which maintains that polit
ical equably implies social equality.
Political equality is simply equality
before the law, and consists in the
enjoyment of equal political rights.
Social equality, ou the contrary, has
no reference whatever to rights. It
has no common standard by which
all can be measured. It depends
upon a thousand different things, such
as wealth, education, culture, charac-"
tcr and the like. Political equality
prevails among all our white citizens,
but there is ho such thing as a gener
al social equality among them. Be
cause men vote at the same polls, or
even vote the same ticket, they have
not, therefore, a right to intrude
themselves upon each other socially.
The two things are totally distinct,
and are only Confouuded by those
who desire, through an unfounded
prejudice, to defraud certain classes
of their political lights.
w
A Good Hit. There are nervous,
fidgety people who, whenever the
Constitutional Amendment is talked
of, forwith begin to wail dolorously
about negro equality, miscegenation,
and other. The Louisville Journal,
in 1SGG, got off the following good
hit at these timid, and of course very
pure miuded people :
The anti Amendment people seem
terribly apprehensive that, unless re
strained by the Constitution, they
will inevitably marry uicrgers. We
have ad heard of the noisv fellow
who, getting into a quarrel.cried out to
those around him, " Hold me, een
tlenien, or 1 snail strike him." Each
antUAmendment man seems calling,
aloud, in a similar spirit," Hold me.
r dear Constitution, or I shall marry a
nigger, as sure as you are born."
j Dut wc propose that the Constitu
( ilea iUud cfi acd s fair play. .
ADDRESS
To the People of Oregon. By tlie Ore
gon Central Railroad Co., of Salem.
The Directors of the Oregon Cen
tral Railroad Company deem it prop
er to present the following statement:
The capital stock of the Company
is $7,230,000." This being the rep
resent cost of the first 50 miles of
the road. $5,250,000 of this is com
mon stock, which will be offered for
sale at ten cents on the dollar. On
payment of ten per cent, for the
stock purchased, certificates will be
issued as full paid stock, and the
word " non assessable" will be print
ed on the face of each certificate, to
protect the holder from ever being
called on to pay any additional
amount or assessment. :
The actual cost of the road will be
85,250,000, in payment for . which
First Mortgage Bonds ' will be is
sued to the contractors for. . . . .$2,400,000
Second Mortgage bonds will be . . 2,400.000
And we promise to raise cash 4oO,000
$5,250,000
We have agreed to raise, to be ap
plied on the work as it proceeds, tbe
sum of $3,000 per mile, which we
can do by the sale of common stock,
at ten cents on the dollar. We ex
pect the great benefits to be confer
red on the country by the building of
the road, to be sufficient inducement
to all property owners and business
men to aid the enterprise according
to their ability. The contractors, A.
J. Cook & Co., volunteer to give
every purchaser of stock their obliga
tion to redeem the stock, within two
years, by repayment of the sum, in
coin, originally paid for the same.
The question of the value of the in
vestment, independent of their prom
ise, can be answered by a few statis
tics of the cost of railroads in other
States, and the income derived from
their successful operation.
Seven railroads in Vermont cost
$40,824 per mile. Thirty railroads
ia New York cost $49,913. The
cost of the Oregon Central Railroad
is only $o5,00U, being 5,824 per
mile less than the cost of railroads in
Vermont, and $14,903 less than the
cost of the railioads in New York.
The roadj in both of these States
pay large dividends on the amount of
their cost, and it is reasonable to ex
pect that our road will eveutually
pay a large income, far more than is
sufficient to meet the interest, while
its value, when it shall become con
nected with the California road, and
be a great national th'oroughforc, con
necting the North Pacific coast with
S.in Francisco, and the Central Pacific
Railroad, will be so increased as to
insure that it will be able in a few
years to pay off the debt and be the
property of the stockholders. Its
benefits to the country will be im
mediate, in increasing the value of
property as well as the amount of
business and population. There are
many reasons why the people of Ore
gon should own this stock. One is
that the possession of the majority of
the Stock carries with it the control
of the Road, and the people of Ore
gon should not permit the controlling
interest of so important a wcrk to
pass into the hands of outside capi.
talists, who might fix an unreasonable
tariff for the transportation of freight
and passengers.
As another reason the influence
exerted by a live Oregon corporation
would be favorable, both at honle
and abroad. At home, in regulating
the location of stations and depots at
suitable points, employ iug persons
favorable to the best interests of
Oregon, and in electing officers from
among our own people to manage
the affairs of the company. It would
exert a favorable influence abroad to
have it appear that this great road is
owned and conducted by the people
of the State.
The following item, taken from
the New Vork Tribune shows in one
sentence the importance of railroads
in enhancing the Value of the- States
which built them. " Twelve counties
in Missouri through which the main
line of Railway to the West runs,
have increased their valuation more
than $135,000,000 since the roads
were built. Ten counties without
roads have fallen off since ld60."
There are 5,000,000 of acres of
excellent land in the Willamette,
Umpqua, and Ivogue River valleys,
besides the region bordering on them,
whose timber and mineral wealth are
to be affected by the construction 0
tbe Oregon Ceutral Railroad. These
valleys and timbered and mining
lands are capable of supporting a -per
manent population of two millioae of
souls, and the effect of the construc
tion of the road would be, within five
vear?. lo a
id over 550,000,000, to
the landed wealth of these threa-val-leys,
while incidentally it would in
troduce an era pf progress that would
in the same time doohle the value of
every other material interest - in this
State. ' .
iThe Willamette Valley alone con.
tains 3,000,000 acres of rich agricul
tural land. It , is larger; than;, the
State of Massachusetts, ; and capable
of supporting a maph larger ;popula
tiptLVyThe time - will, come -when a
million people will occupy it; wben
its valuable forests, coal fields, - and
rich mineral deposits, will be called
into requisition, to add to our wealth,
and make an enlarged industry profit
able.' Our streams will be lined
with manufactories, and an enlarged
commerce will make this Road a
source of great wealth to Oregon in
aiding to develope - its resources.
Favorable arrangements are made
with capitalists at the East, but they
demand that the people of Oregon
shall themselves take an interest in
the enterprise, and lend it a reasona
ble amount of aid; and as we have al
ready mentioned, the contractors, A.
J. Cook & Co., are willing to give
every purchaser of stock a written
guarantee to redeem the same in two
years' time, if the bolder thereof de
oires. The question will naturally
arise in every mind: " Why do we
get non-assessable stock issued to us
by paying ten cents on the dollar?''
that is to say, why do we receive a
certificate that we have fully paid for
a share of the common stock, calling
on its face for one hundred dollars,
by paying onestenth of that sum?
The answer is very simple and plain.
The Company has borrowed nine
tenths of the cost of the road at the
East, and each share of the common
stock, or the property of the Com
panv which it represents, is therefore
mortgaged for nine-tenths of its
value. The stock-holder therefore
buys it snbject to the mortgage, and
there is only ten dollars due thereon,
or in other words there is a credit of
ninety dollars on each share, repre
sented by the bonds the Company
issues, and the stockholder purchases,
knowing that the stock is pledged for
'JO. per cent, of its value, and for 7
per cent, interest per annum thereon.
THK DRMOC'K.VCV IVDlt'TED.
The Democratic party stands in
dieted at the bar of an outraged par
ty, for the following high crimes and
misdemeauors:
Through its leading men and or
gans it has encouraged and sympas
thised with black aud causeless trea
son;
It has displayed cowardice before
the public enemy;
It has indited mobs to p'dlage, mur
der and destroy;
It has sought to disfranchise white
soldiers of a lawful age;
ll has been unceasing in its praise
of its country's barbarous and brutal
foes;
It has denounced its country's de
fenders as ' minions of despotism,"
M Lincoln's hirelings," and with other
opprobrious epilhets ;
It has been factious and false in its
opposition to the U 0 vern ment through
out the war';
It has opposed enlistments of col
ored men;
It has opposed drafting With com
pensation; It has advised innsurrection in loy
al States;
It has sought and hoped for foreign
interference;
It has excused and palliated the
crime of rebels in hounding, starving
and murdering prisoners of War 5
It lias by lying and intrignes sought
to injure the public credit ;
It has helped with all its power to
keen down the price of currency and
raise the price cf the necessaries cf
lifej
It has advocated the assa'sination
of the public servants of ; the people,
who were duly elected and installed;
It declared the war a failure, and
indicated a willingness to submit to
armed treason at a time when that
treason was about to receive its death
blow;
It has favored and supported the
aristocratic against the Democratic
idea ;
It has fawned upon those who
conspired for its own ruin and licked
the hand that smote it
It li3s said when the President
called for soldiers to help the veter
ans at the front, " Let Democrats
stay at home, and let abolitionists,
niggers and Indians go and fight ;"
It is said that under the policy of
the Government the armies of the
Union could not succeed;
It has continually endeavored by
sophistry and falsehood to divide the
North and destroy the Nation;
It has held that triumphs of the
Union arms were violations of the
Constitution
It has termed the attempt to sup
ply the starving garrison of Fort
Sumpter in April, 1861, a disgrace
ful political trick to give the Admin
istration an excuse to declare war.
All these sins and many more it
must answer for in the coming trial,
and we join this issue with a firm re
liance upon Almighty God, and the
intelligence that he hjs rivea Lis reo
1 r!e.
THE CKNTltAL, PACIFIC It. It.
Th eighth wonder of the world Is
that the "storied seven were ever
deemed wonders at nil. The Over-,
land Telegraph 3 is a Colossfis drawn
to a wire," and stretched across the
continent, while the trans-continental
railway is two Or three Mausoleums,
a half dozen Pyramids, with a grand
imperial canal and great wall of China
thrown in, and cut up into fills, cul
verts, bridges, tunnels and deep cuts.
Day by day we approach the realiza
tion of a 'dream, and as we draw
nearer to its fulfillment a sense of the
wonderful is Iostj the physical fact
usurps its place. The smoke and
cinder from the locomotive keeps
practical consciousness on the alert,
while the scream of the whistle fatal
ly disturbs poetic revery. . Only yes
terday skeptics wagged their heads
in sage unbelief; today the iron
pathway is speeding down the facing
slopes of the great ranges, to meet in
tbe valley below, as if poured from
volcanic summits behind them. The
dream was lair, for the distance of
its fulfillment revealed no rough de
tail, no struggle for spoils, no jeal
ousy, of individual success, no groan -ings
of the labor and travail that
should bring it forth. Then the
" Great Pacific Railroad" was a name
pleasing as romance. . How few
comprehend the vastness of the work;
how the timid shrank from the task
of combatting the storms of mountain
summits, of subduing the obstacles of
an unbroken wilderness The risk
of failure and consequent financial
ruin, the immense energy its com
plete success involved, justified in-,
credulity, and overawed the prudent.
But the financial and executive Napo
eons were found, the Alps have been
crossed, and croaking has found its
Marengo. All honor to the genius
and energy that have wrought this
great achievement. Let jealous cav
alliers rail, the world has learned to
honor intrepidity of undertaking, and
Peace should make the heroes of her
victories " not less unenvied than
those of war." But notwithstanding
all the conflict of contentious interest,
and the scars they have left, the final
triumph of the road will bring joy to
every heart. The wanderer stands
upon its track, and feels delight in
the thought that by it he is brought
near the home of his youth, for its
eastern terminus is in that very in
definite locality described by the
general term home," and in this
sense it may be said to be in the
hearts of our people. It is the old
story of the silver spoons at the end
of the rainbow, over again, for affec
tion fixes its eastern terminus amid
the dearest recollections of life around
the homestead hearthstones. Let the
day come soon when the last rail
shall be laid, the last spike driven,
when the memory of long absence
shall revive the humanizing memories
that abide to the latest hour, when
wealth and empire shall pour into
the lap of our young State, like a liv
ing stream, and when our country
shall be crowned with the laurels of
the grandest achievement of any age.
.
NEW EXGL.AM).
Dr. Benson reached the Atlantic
States in safety, and thus tells of a
region through which he traveled to
ward Boston:
As the cars traveled at a moder
ate speed, and halted at most of the
towns, I had an opportunity to see
the country. The whole region
through which we passed is densely
populated. The towns are numer
ons aye. the entire routs is almost a
continuous village. The cities of
Connecticut are Hartford aud New
Haven, the former is elegant in ap
pearance. The country generally is
very poor and covered with brush"
wood and stones. Tbe farms are
sm.ill anil noorlv improved. In the
days travel I did not look ttpon a
single well improved and substantial
ly enclosed farm. True, there are
a number of patches with "stun"
fences about them. What a labor
to secure a sustenance from the soil
in such a country. How do the peo
ple manage to live in such a wretched
and barren land I There are patches
along the Connecticut river, above
llartfordj that are suitable for grass.
The snows are not yet gone and gar
dening, of course, is scarcely com
menced. The capital and labor of
the country are evidently devoted to
manufacturing; but there must be
thousands of the people who dopend
on the stinted crops which they gath
er from agricultural pursuits. Why
not abandon such a sterile region and
go to the Mississippi valley, or the
Pacific! The broad leagues of land,
rich as God ever made, and the geni
al climate of the states and territo
ries West of the Rocky Mountains
would furnish ample and delightful
homes for the millions who are vainly
struggling on tne Atlantic coast ;or a
cc-inreieney-aad ceaiiOJt.
THE DEMOt II ATIC RECORD.
. , . Okegox Citt, Mat 4th,lS63..
tin Ent EtPutix i -' , , f
liev. Joseph Smith in bis political ser
moil here a few weeks ago, labored ear
nestly to make it appear that the Demo
cratic party had been in favor of a vigor
ous prosecution of tbe war which eated
the Union, thtts commending and sanction
ing "the unholy shedding of fraternal
bloody" which his party so heartily repu
diated all , through the contest
' Smith seefns tt understand what every
intelligent man must knew, that the coun
try owes everything, its tery nationality,
to the men Who tinder Grant, crushed out
Rebellion, and forever set at rest that her
esy Secession. , . . i
Tbo party of . which Mr. Smith is. the
leader, claims that it is and was the only
true friend to the private soldier. This is
equally as unblushing a piece of hypocri
cy as the assertion that the party was in
favor of " a vigorous prosecution of the
war.-'
These two subjects, the opposition of
the Democratic party to the w ar, and their
hatred of the soldiers, "Lincoln's hire.
lings " as we were called, were a part of
the same policy, and the same argument
will meet both. . "
Let us see what the Oregon Democracy
did for the volunteers who left Comforta
ble homes and pleasant occupations, to
servo their State, and the Nation. At the
beginning of the war, all the regulars on
our frontiers were called to the seat of
war, where it was supposed they would be
much more efficient than volunteer re
cruits. It then became necessary to have volun
teers in their place. Under those circum
stances tbe Oregon Cavalry reghnent was
organized, and such was the feeling here,
that many of the best young tnen in the
State enlisted as common soldiers, leaving
employments which paid from $30 to SloO
per month, and entered the service for $13
per month. Every Democratic newspaper
in Oregon was bitter ia denouncing
and ridiculing us. They pursued the same
course of opposition and slander when
the Infantry Regiment was raised In 1864.
All such writers ate tioW Democrats.
After the currency became greatly re
duced in value, tbe Oregon Legislature
passed a bill giving her soldiers five dol
lars additional per month.
Now what is the Democratic record with
regard to this bill. Every Democrat in
the Legislature opposed it. Bv reference
to the journal of the House for 1864, Page
317, the vote on the final passage may be
seen. On Wednesday. October l'Jtb. 1S64
Mr. Borland introduced a Resolution into
the House thanking or?r voluttteers for
their gallant services," which was adopted,
no one voting against it but Lane artdCo.t
Fay had gone home House Journal
1S64. pages 213 and 241. Economy may
be pleaded as justification for not voting
for the bounty Bill, but what excuse can
be offered for voting against thanking
the soldiers for their gallant services ?v
None, except that these men knew that
the party which elected them to their
place in the Legislature Would not en
dorse their action if they voted for the
Resolution, and that it would endorse if
tbey voted against it. Did the party en
dorse their action? Most assuredly it
did, for at the election in 18GC this same
Lane and James D. Fay Were run, on tho
record which they had made in the Legis
lature of iS64, for Secretary of State and
Representative in Congress, a most une
quivocal endorsemefat of their course with
regard to soldiers, thereby to all intents
making the vote against thanking the sol
diers, a vote by the Democratic party.
Yes, within a few months after Licttt.
Way mire, a Yamhill boyj and his gallant
little band of 15 men had pursued 300 In
dians through the shows of February, 200
miles south east of Canyon city, and had
saved the lives of the 75 citizens who had
attempted to ptinish these Indians, two of
his noble boys from Jackson county having
lost their lives, these Democratic leaders
say in the most solemn manner, by a vote
in the Legislature " these men deserve no
thanks, these mon who, for $13 a month,
opened up all that portion of Oregon east
of the Blue mountains to settlement, in
order that a Democratic population might
go in there and enrich themselves, deserve
no thanks."
Within five months after Steve. Watson,
than whom God never made a nobler
soldier, and Benhet Kennedy in the fresh
bloom of his young manhood, and Jimmy
Hoskinson, that brave, frank, whole souled
Irishmen, all lost their lives on Crooked
River battling with the Snake Indians, in
this State, five of their twelve survivors
being mounted, these Democratic leaders,
afterward endorsed by tbe party, lor the
highest oflices Within the gift of the people
Of a State, say, ho we cannot thank you,
you deserve nothing from lis, for we are
the representatives of the Democratic
party of Oregon, and it will not sustain
lis if We vote for this resolution.
Friends of Steve. Watson, and yori are
legions, will you support this party ? No
you will make an eternal war oil it, and
your " dying gasp Will be a curse on it"
Friends of Sergeant Castile Will you
stand it ? -
Friends of Port C. Gibsbh, do ytrti re
member that the seeds of bis death were
sown ih this very gerrice for which the
Democratic members of our own Legisla--tUre
refused a Vote of thanks.
Ben Hayden, ia his speech here reeenlly
said to his Democratic audience, after urg
ing them to do their duty at the coming
election, , I am going to do my duty, I
am going East of the Mountains to talk to
Ia Price's men."
Men who have had fathers, brothers,
cousins, and near and dear friends
murdered by these bandiU, will you sup
port a party wiucb employs such speakers
and is led by such men ? It is an insult
both to Tonr beads and TAnr nr-irta a
f suppose you will.' This is the Democratic
! party in Orrfron and zzct it i i:
What did Henry Clay Deaiv f he great
Democratic orator -ef Iowa say reeentfy
when he wa9 laboring for -' the stfecess of-j
the Democracy in New Hampshire, let hiirt
speak for himself : " If I could bayei my
way I would place Jeff Davis in Congress
where he rightly belongs, then I wtwliS go
to Concord, take all those miserable bat
tle flags from tbe State House and make a
bonfire of them in the State Ilonse Yard,
then I would go all over the North destroy
ing all the monuments and gratestones
erected to the memory of soldiers. In
short, I Would pnt out of sight everything
which reminds us that we ever bad a ; war"
With our Southern ' brethren. I do not
know that I would hang one-armed and
one-legged soldiers, but I would pray Gotl
to get them out of sight as soofl as passi
ble."
Here is Ufa affirmative proposition by A
Democrat who can speak for his party.
One who iA sent for hundreds of mile-?, to
help the party carry an election in New
Hampshire. He woifld take all - those?
miserable battle flags ; would he T Yes,
he and his friends tried to take those muf
ertlUe baltlS flags through Jour years of
war and blood and most signally failed in
the attempt. He would destroy all the
monuments and gravestones erected to
the memory of soldiers ; would he ? Ore
gon soldiers : do you think he Would de
stroy the monuments which we erected
over our comrades at Fort Vancouver,
Coltille, Boise, Walla Walla, CampUat
son, and air over the upper coontry?
Veterans of the regular army: Do yoaO
think he would destroy the monuments
which you have erected over your com
rades at Forts VahcouVGr, and Steilacoom,
and all over the Pacific Coast, on sotne of
which you have inscribed the sacred cross?
Would not a bullet pierce bis heart as soon
as his sacriligious hand had contaminated
one of those sacred totnbstobes by which
is marked the honored resting placB of
our heroic dead T ,
Before the war while the Democratic
party was in power, the soldiers of this
public had no vote, no Voice in the aflairrt
of the government, were mere serfs, noc
treated as freemen. Every old soldier
knows this to be true. Now. what was
their course, when the Union party came
into power and was struggling to give tbe
soldiers of the Republic the elective fran
chise? The right to vote, they opposed
all over the north, yes, in the nineteenth
century, in this frM; Republic, exists a
party base enough and aristocratic enough,
to wiih to disfranchise a million Ameri
can citizens : to take away the ballot from
a million wLUe men. What did their
great leaders say, when, at tbe beginning
of th war, tLi subject wis under consid
eration? Hear the aristocrat: "The De;,
mocracy of the country 'will never submit
to the result of an election carried against
them by soldiers votes !'' But. says oef
this is but the opinion of one man. If it
was not the opinion of the Democratic
party of New Hampshire, w hy did they
nominate this man for office when, they,
knew his views. He was bold in this as ¬
sertion, but thank God W e still have a Re
publican form of government. The Union
men of the nation overturned this aristoc
racy, and we were allowed a vote. Inis
same party prate a great deal about a
white man's government. Now actions
speak louder than woids. "Who is in favor
of a government by white men ? The
party that would disfranchise a million of 0
men, the most of whom were Workingnien
of the nation, or that party that Sstood
through all the bloody hours of the na
tion's peril, like avall of fire between the
army, composed of the Working men of
the nation, and the aristocratic Democrat-'
ic party, and said to it, you shall not take
away the ballot from this million of men.
This needs no comment, it speaks for itself.
We ate told by tbe Democratic news-'
papers, tnat tne soiuiers in me eastern
fctates are going over to the Democracy.
Is this true, or fiilse ? It is true that ono
Class of soldiers arc Voting With the party.
to wit : the men who were drafts, the
conscripts, for they were always Demo
crats. Grant, Sherman, and Phil. Sheri
dan, are still with us Tbc Boys in Blue,
three hundred thousand strong, with Gen,
Logan at their head, arc still' with, the
Union party. Miles of trenches all over
the south are filled W ith soldiers, who, : if
alive, would be with the great Union par
ty of the nation.
Let us then not falter. Our brothers
have done their part. Then love their de
votion. Cannot We afford some time when
they. have devoted all time?
It seems to me When I think of it, that
the pale distorted faces and mangled forms
of a hundred fields, the silent inhabitants.
of miles of trenches, rise from tbeir resting
places, invoking and adjuring us by all
tbeir high hopes and aspirationsso cruelly.
Crushed, by all their sacrifices and by their
death, hot to permit them to have died in
vain. " The bones of our brothers who
have fallen in these struggles lor liberty;
now lie mingled with the soil of every
Stare from Maine to Oregon and there they
will remain forever." Let us not prove
recreant to oar trust. Let tss prove true
to the heroic dead of the EepnMieJ
OREGON VOLUNTEER- ,
The New York World thinks
at least has tbe presumption to say
that "nobody bas ever proposed to
haTe the Government cancel 'the
bonds pledged by the banks for their ;
circulation, and compensate the banks
by paying tbern an equal amount cf
greenbacks." This is another illus--tration
as the difference whieh exists
between the Eastern and Western
Democrats on financial matters. For
a year tbe latter have been clamor
ing incessantly for a withdrawal of
tbe circnlation of tbe banks and the
payment in green backs of tbe bond?
deposited by them as secyrity for;
their circnlation. This is cmi' v the -
grand features of the Pendeton ro!
kr set fenh 't Ftnfiictec hicsieif.
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