Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868, April 25, 1868, Image 1

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ljc iUccliln (enterprise.
I'FFlCE- South cast corner of Fifth and
Main streets, in tne Dimum iaiu. .
the Court House, Oregon City, Oregon.
Terms of Subscription.
One copr, one year in advance. .
" " " il delayed. . .
Term of Alvertisln
i. uO
Transient advertisements per square
(VI lines or kssnrst mbwrxiou
KnVeaeh subseuuent iusertion..
?2 50
1 00
Business Cards one square per annum
payable quarterly 1
One column per annum i- ou
On. half column Co
One quarter " " :::yj 4'"
Legal advertising at the established rates.
Sook and Job Printing !
J. w o
i xtipplied with every requisite for doing
a superior style of work. and is constant
ly accumulating new ami beautiful stylos
f material, and is prepared for every
variety of .
nooK and Jon
O pS The Public are invited to call and
cximino both our specimens and facilities
for doing work.
L?.dd & Tilt on,
Fokti.axi, Okkgo.v.
Will give promjit attention to collections,
O nd other business appertaining to Banking.
Sipht and Telegraphic Exchange
t)a .Sin Francisco and the Atlantic States for
Bale. Government SSecuri'ies bought and,
hi. '-lt"
L. C. Fuller,
Pays the Highest Price fcr Gold Dust
I.fid Tenders and Government securities
iun At and sold. No. 13 I'ront st..
Cj ;j" I'ortiand, Oregon.
Dr. F. Barclay, Itl. R. C Lt
(Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. 11. B. Co.)
OFFICE: At frsLl-nn,
M.iia Street (.V.) Oregon City.
rhytician, Surgeon and Accoucheur.
tHTlCK Corner of Washington and Front
trOeta, l'arriih's Hiock, l'urtland, Oregon.
itF.SlDEXCE Wahhington street, between
Kourtli and t'li'l'n stiietn. ,'V-J.ly
fcit'mMttu Locaiti at Oregon Cil',; Or?g$n.
O "
Robins with Dr. Saffaran?, en Main street.
. C. iOftxsOTf. r. O. M cor,-;--.
Xc-t.-try J 'nolle.
ly Will attend to all business entrusted
1. our care in any of the Courts of the St.ite,
e.ilUot mouey, negotiate loans, ee!l real s
t te, etc.
Ll'articular attention given to contested
Iud eases. 1 .V 1
Ofrici Removod to No. H;4 Front street,
Portland, Oregon.
Opposite McCormick's Book-Stoie.
VV tu the Collecting and adjustment of
accounts, bills and uotes; Negotiating Inland
bills; etl'octing loans; selliug and leasing
Or' estate; house renting, and to the gen
eral agency business in all its branches.
Sot-iry Public.
J. B, UP xMTn
ArrouMtir and Covnsci.or-at-Law,
Oregon Cy, Oregon.
3J O.TSce over the store of Pope A Co.
Main street. f4i.tf
Attorney and Counsellor at Lara
1 y business entrusted to his care.
Orrtcs One door north of Pell & Parker's
Pru.' store. Oregon City, Oregon. :5:ly
Juslixe of the 1'euce t- City Recorder.
O.Tice In the Court House nnd City
Council lloom, Oregon Ciiy.
Will atte.id to the acknowledgment of
icnn, ami all inner Unties appertainim to
theutlice of Justice of the Peace. vny
A. B. BKLL. B. A. PARKEtt.
Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints,
Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
And every article kept in a Drug Store.
oJ.) Main- Street, Oceuox Citt.
J. s. DOLrn.
Mitchell, Dolph & Smith,
Attorneys and Counsellors ut Late,
Solicitors in Chancery, and Proc
W tors in Admiralty
O ZW OT.ee o-er the old PostOflice, Front
treet, Pothiud. Oregon.
A. C. CIBSS. r w pai'.risii.
Xttxry Puhlic and Com. iflktdt.
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
OFFICE On Alder street, in Carter's
ew Urick Block. - u3
0. P. MASON,
Attokxet and Counselor at Law,
102 Front st., Portland, Oregon.
fir f l, ln the Sut or Washin-ton
b!-J """y- Iucludir.g business under" the
William Brought on,
Alain vtrttt, Oregon, City.
Will attend to nil work in his line, eon
sistinjj in part of Carpenter and Joiner work
framing, building, etc Jobbing promntlv
attended to.
J 0 II If K. SCHicAM,
Slanufacturcr and Dealer in
Main street, between Third and Fourth,
Oregon Chtj.
TnE attention of" partiesdesiring anything
in my line, is directed to mj-'ntock, be
fore making purchases elsewhere.
GZ&JZi,. Cit5' Drayman,
All orders for the delivery of merchandise,
or packairts and freight oi whatevt descrip
tion, to. any part of the city, will be executed
promptly ami wttUcare. lrt.6r
Established since 1 S4'.. at the old stand,
An assortment of Watches. Jevr
'jjg elrv, and Seth Thomas' tT'-ight
v Clocks, all of which are warranted
to he as represented.
'Repairing done on short notice,
and tnankl'id for past furoi. (,Ci7
ll.i.MT.lCTtT.ERj O?
Wagons & Cars-iageSj
2ul and 2uU Front st., Fortland, Oregon.
OCT" JVagons of every ricscriptio
rri'ide to order. General 'Jobbing done
with neatness and li?pit-:h.
Orders frcm the country promjitly
atieii'lrd to.
Successor to SMITH d- If A US II ALL,
Black Smith aud IVagnn Maker .
Corner of Main and Third streets,
Oregon City Oregon.
Eiacksmitliing in all itsbranehes. Wairon
making raid repiiirJiijj. All work warranted
t give dalisfacliyn. (c.rJ
Removed I Removed !
The i!J and well known
Ik JLtO.V.YA STL'S, Proprietor,
XjL but has beer, removed to Second street,
i-.iol'.veen Al-'Jer and Morrison streets, v heie
business will be conducted on as large a stale
s in ve.-.rs i,i.: it. 2: IT
Oregon Cl.y, Oregon.
Oitlce iu Chai man's Brick Block, up
No. -13 Front St., Portland Oregon.
Tularco, Cigars, Snug, Stationery,
Yankee Notions, and I'oys.
Orders promptly attended to.
Fashion Eilliard Saloon
Mtiu street, between Second and Third,
Oregon City.
MANET & IEARY Proprietors.
IHE above long established and popular
1 Saloon is yt a favorite resort, and as
only the choicest brands of .Wines, Liquors
and Ciirais are dispensed to customers a
share of the public patVoiiage is solicited.
N. 1. Families supplied with the
choicest Liquors, English Ale and Porter,
i ti bottles, on the mo--t reasonable terms.
IVtst Side Main Street, Mwetn Sacnd and
Third, Oregon. City.
GE0EGE A. HAAS - - - - Proprietor.
The proprietor begs leave to inform his
friends and the piblic generally that the
above named popular saloon is open for their
accommodation, with a new and well assort
ed supply of the finest brands of wines,
liquors and cigars. 52
ISAAC parr. joun fae::.
Butchers and Meat Venders.
Thankful for the favors of the community
in the past, wish to say that they will con
tinue to deliver to their patrons, from the
wagon, as visual-,
On Tutxlayt and Saturday of eir7i iccei
ail the be t qualities of Beet, Mutton, and
Pork, any other . lass of meats in the
Market. ,:tf
27" Parties wanting feed must furnish
their sacks. CO.t.
W. A. K. 1IELI.EN.
Dealers i California, Vermont, and
Ilali n Jltrbles, Obelisks, Monu-
vients, Head and Fool stones,
Salem Oregon.
Mantles and Furniture Marble furnished
to order. fr.-J.tf
amas and the
In the vicinity of the place of T. J. Iluusakcr.
Tf Will be sold cheap for cash.
SO.tf Maiu street, Oregon Citv.
jgg COOPE11 S,
Oregon City, Oregon.
1 pared to make all manner of ware in the
line of cooperage, from a well-bucket to a
hogshead, of both bilge and straight work,
on short notice, and at reasonable rates.
Call and examine samples of our work, as
it is its own recommendation.
f .m) L. 2!GLR & SO
From the Cascades' frozen gorej,
Leaping like a child at play,
Winding, widening through the valley,
Bri-ht Willamette glide uwjy.
Onward ever
Lovely i iver.
Softly call ng to the sea;
Time that scars us,
Maims and mars us,
Leaves no track or trench on thee.
Spring's green witchery is weaving
Braid and border for thy side;
Grace forever haunts thy journey,
Beauty dimples ou thy tide.
Through the purple gates of morning
Jiow thy roseate tipples dance;
Golden, then, when Day departing,
On thy waters trails his lance.
Waltzing, flashing,
Tinkling, plashing.
Limpid, volatile and fre
Alway hurried
To be buried
In th bitter moon-mad sea.
Jn thy crystal deeps, iuverted
?5 wings a picture of ti' sky ;
Like those wavering hopes of Aiden
Dimly in our dreams that lie;
Clouded often, drowned in turmoil,
Fainiaud lovely far awav,
Wreathing sunshine ou the morrow,
Breathing fragrance 'round to-day.
Love would wander
Here and ponder
Hither Poetry would dream ;
Life's old questions,
Kad suggestions,
"Whence and whither?" throng tuv
On the roaring wastes of ocean
Soon thy scattered waves shall toss;
'Mid the surge's rythmic thunder
JShall thy silver tutigues be lost.
Oh ! thy glimmering rush of gladness
Mocks this turbid life of mine,
Bacing to the wild Forever
Down the sloping paths of time!
Onward ever,
Lovely river,
Icoftly calling to the sea ;
Time that scars us
Maims and mars us,
Leaves ro track or trench on thee.
An Odd Cae There is a story
in Once a Week which illustrates t!m
dd reu!ts winch sometimes nttend
he practice of binding over privu'e
persons to prosecute criminals. A
Iltissian captain having been robbed
in Chenpside, London, was bound
over to prosecute thi supposed thief.
But his shin was ready for sen, and
by terms ot tho charter-party, he was
bound to Sail tne next day. lie was
CTered the alternative of enterittg in.
to a reccmiiz ncu for 100, or being
detained in prison, and preferred to
t'O to prison ; for then the owners of
the vessel would know that he was
not to blame. O.i the other hand the
friends of the prisoner, alleging his
innocence, went before a judge at
chambers, and procured his libera
'ion on bail. At the terminal ion of
the I4days, the sittings at the Central
Criminal Court were held. The ac
cused, forfeiting Ins bail, did not ap
pear : whereupon, without explana
tion, the Russian wv.n discharged, al
ter having suffered 14 days imprison
Sunday Rrligeon. iMeii write
over their store door, " Business is
Buisness," and over the church door.
' Religion is religion, 'ar:d theys y
to religion, "Never come inhere,'
and to business, " Never go in there."
Let us have no secular things in the
pulpit, " they say : " we get enough
of them through the week ri New
York. Here we want repose and sed
atives-, and healing balm. We want
to sing hymns, hear about Heaven
and Calvary : in short, we want the
pure Gospel, without any worldly in
:erin;.ture." And so they desire to
spend a pious, qui et Sabbath, full of
pleasant imaginings atid peaceful re
flections ; but wh-n the day is gone
all is laid aside. They will take by
the throat the first debtor whom they
meet, and exclaim, " Pay me what
hotiowest. It is Monday . God's
law is not. allowed to go into the week.
If a merchant spies it in his own
store he throws it over the counter
If the clerk sees it in the bank, be
kicks it out of the door. If it is
f iund in the street tha rctdtitude pur
sue it, pelting it with stones, as if it
were a wolf escaped from a menarr-
rie, and shouting, "Back with von.
You have got out ot Sunday.
Brick Pomeroy's advertisment for
a confederate flag, to hang in his sane
turn, does not meet with universal
favor among his Southern friends.
The Petersburg Index snubs him in
the following manner:
We doubt the propriety of sending
the flag to a man who didn't p;o to it;
we havn't much respect for this after-the-battle
J. Marion More, was shot,
a row at Silver City on the 1st.
Advices from Camp Il imey say
that Mrs. Denoille is still alive.
Indian agents are suppressing
reports of outrages perpetrated on
the overland route.
Ak your neighber to subscribe
for tte -E-jTrEBrPiEs.
VOTE OS UEtO.Vil'Itl"CTIi)..
It will be seen fiom the fallowing-
table that the nrjirrgute number of
votes cast on the question of calling
Conventions to furai Constitutions
for the rebel States exceed the total
viite cast tit the exciting Presidential
cl-'Cion of 1G0 in the fame States;
and this, too, notwithstanding the
rebel leaders used every tflort to
prevent the whites from voting every
where except in Virginia, where they
did there befit to beat the call, but
failed by 48,000 rotes of succced'msr:
Convention. Aggregate
?or Against, in ISOu.
irgmia .
North Carolina.. a-i.V'.'O
33,11 A
South Carolina.. Cit.ouO
Florida. . . .
Alabama . .
..l"i;,2-:3 4,lv:7
.. 1 4,.0 2-:3
.. f..'3
.. 7.0S3 4,(.-0j
. .Election Feb. 10
. . 67,7:JS 0,L'T7
., 2?, 676 13,553
Arkansas. .
.531,02 130.SC2 604,231
Virginia proper, West Virginia being
fUnder the old system no general election
was held.
It will be seen that the affirmative
vote of Louisiana is one third larger
than the total vote of 1SG0, while in
the other States the affirmative is
ab"ut as large as the total vote in
I860, except in Aikansas; but when
the negative vote is added, the total
cast on the Convention question is
far larger than the whole vote of
18G0. In Virginia it is 5G,00() lar
ger; in North Carolina, 3(1,000 larger;
in Louisiana, 30,000. South Caro
lina did not vote in 1SG0; but if she
had, the number of while elector.
cou'd not have exceeded 45,000,
while 71,000 have now voted, and
that, too, in spite, of the most despe
rate tfforts f the rebels to keep the
people from attending the polls.
These figures show that a decided
m-.ijoiity of the people of the disor
ganized States have. tnkiO part in Hie
elections calling Conventions, and
(hVirc to have the reconstruction
laws of Cotigreis carried out.
The Undkkuuound Railroad.
As a scqm 1 to the article of last
week entitle ? the Last Fugitive Slave
Case, wo give the following from
the Idaho Statesman:
Yes, thank God! The last fugi
tive slave case 1 How swiftly the
recollection of secret arrests of ne
"roes in the north, and sometimes rs
rapes and recapture, and suits for
damages asrain.-t Northern men for
harboring runaway .-1 ires; how swift
ly the recollection of these art passint
from our memories. Tli-y are
among the things that were. They
are now no more repeated, ami to our
eountiys' glory be it said those scenes
will be t'O mote repeated fori ver.
Yes, the last fugitive sduve case!
How the words his 1 ke vipers
through the teeth. Broad-brimmed
platUrrs with donSled-f?. d U. S mar-.-halls
hunt no moreover the fields
and through the lanes of any State,
iiorrausmk the houses of abolition
ists for human chattels to arrest bk
a criminal before the law, and when
iu possession to drive buek to fu rvi
tude like a beast of burden. Then
is no more ' underground railrontV
Its stations are ulmudosKd, its tuntu Is
filled up. and its engine-, and cars all
out of repair. Few living men,
indeed, can tell where its course ran,
or where was once a single depot.
They are long since out of use. The
last trembling fugitive has passed safe.
Iv over its bin or if curried back to
slavery, is long since fuke.
Fine Points of a Democrat.
When Democrats used to buy and
sell human chattels, male or female,
from the t-lavc pens of the south,
certain good points were necessary in
order that the negro bought should
bring a good priew. The following
are nine fine poiu.s in a good Demo
crat: 1st. lie is one who denies the au
thority of the people.
2 J." He is one who would di -.franchise
a large proportion of his fellow
creatures. 31. He is one who would exercise
over them an irresponsible ty rra y
4: h. He is one who denies the rigut
of the majority to make the laws.
f:h He is one who asserts tne
right of an autocrat to administer,
make and alter laws at his w ill and
Itleusu re.
Gth. lie is one who makes color,
and not character, the standard of
r.h. lie is one who believes th
ballot to be a piece of personal
property, veudibla to the highest
8th. He is one who extenuates an
attempted revolution of government
bv the minority.
" 9ih. He is one who is so mnch in
favor of free discussion that he would
like to cut out the tongues cf all who
d.tfer from him. and are in favor
a practical extension of humau rights
to all upon an i qual Basis.
The schooner J. C. Champion
Capt. Quick, ran from Tillamook to
Astoria on the 30th ult, iu nine
hours. ,
Rumor savs that Jacob Kimm
E-q., of Portland, hs pmchased the
propeller, Geo. S. Wright. ' '
Ctniral Grunt ttnU tlie Prtiiu. iiiul
Under this caption the New York
Herald of February 12 has a leader
That journal has long been noted for
its ability to see and proclaim the
winning side. It cares but little
which whip-, but it has a great de
fire to run with the successful party.
Its opinion ot the coming Presiden
tial campaign is therefore not with'
out significance. Here is the leader
referred to:
" Time flies. The contest for the
Presidential succession comes on
apace: but who is the coming man?
Prom the drift of recent events, and
the inevitable gravitation of the
dominant Union war sentiment of the
country, we believe that the child is
christened and that his name is U.
S. Grant. On the great issue in the
Republican camp (the reconstruction
policy of Congress) he has crossed
the Rubicon; he is with the Radicals,
and that settles the question. Mr.
Chase as an aspirant for the Chicago
nomination ccasea to be a dangerous
competitor, and will doubtless cease
to push his claims. General Grant, I
we dare say, wil.' be proclaimed the
Republican candidate by acclama
tion, and from all the facts bear
ing upon the contest there is no
probability of his defeat. In the
powerful element embracing the sur
viving ten or eleven hundred thous
and Union soldiers of the war, Grant,
as the great chieftain who directed
their movements from the Potomac
to the Rio Grande, and who finally
compressed them from an area of
eight hundred thousand square miles
into the rebel surrender at Appo
mattox Court House Grant, we say,
will have an array of voters at his
back that will be simply irresistable.
What, then, are his qualifications
for the White Home? we may very
properly inquire. lie is not a states
man of the comprehensive views of
Ilnnry Clay; he is not the man, hit
or niis-, who will 'take the rcspousi-
bili'y,' like General Jackson; he is
not a philosopher, nor an expounder
of the constitution, cf the cMUmr o!
Webster; he is not a politician of tin
cunning school of the Albany R-gen-cv;
ho is not in finance up to the
mark of FeSSndetl or even ' Oid
Tliad. Stevens;' he is but a schoolboy
in tlie arts of political engineering
compared wi'.h Ctiasr; he could, in
tlie strategy and tactics, the quirks
and quibbles of tlie law, Le bottled
no by Ben Butler, and he cannot be
tiin to make an off-hand political
peeeh or complimentary address
with 'Andy Johnson.' Indeed, we
iave the positive assurance of a Cop-
lerhead contetnf orary to the (-fleet
that General Grant has no turn of
mind and has had no schooling ii; the
charms of literature; that he is iuca
pable of appreciating the beauties of
Lore Derby' translation of Homer,
r LongfeiloW'i rendering of Dante's
But with all these deficiencies, and
notwithstanding the facts that he was
i wood seller iu St. Louis, nnd slill
ater a tanner in Galena, there is
some excellent stuff in this quiet lit-
le man Grant for the W lute Hons?,
lis fund of practical common sense
mil cool s.igacity supply the place
if gi'iiius a "d lie has a pr.ieti-al theo
ry of the Union, the Con-tit ulion
nd the laws equal to the lushest or-
ler of statesmanship. Wifiout the
rashness of ' Old Hickory,' he has all
his firmness in adhering to his settled
onvictions. A practical advocate of
retrei chment and reform, he is no
political vissionary Miming nt impos
sibilities, and no believer in Quixotic
xperiments. lie is, witha1, an amia
ble man, disposed to try the healing
appliances of pattenceatid ouicdiation
over sectional troubles, rather than
the sharp Puritanical remedies of hot
iron, caustic and amputation. Never
having been broiled upon the gridiron
f either political party, he has no
personal revenges, like J ickson, to
ettle, and no claims, I ke Buchanan,
of a gang of twenty years' followers
to meet. Finally, in his brief ad
ministration of the War Department
General Grant has shown that the
mind equal to the most effective com
lunations of a million of men in the
field is competent to shape the policy
of half adozen men in the Cabinet
We believe that no opposition can
didate can be brought forth compe
tent to defeat General Grant. It is
useless to suggest, even to the sach
ems of Tammany Hall, the claims
and saving virtues of Andrew John
son. They like his office", but this
man is not their man. He is. per
haps, as little thought of as the E n
peror of China by the Democratic
managers as their man for the succes
sion. General Sherman will hardly
consent to run against Grant ; -md.
moreover, the Western Copperheads
ire dead against Sherman, smd thev
do not like Hancock, and they will
have Pendleton. General Grant as
Mir next 'resident, 't en, may :.o con
sidered a foregone conclusion."
The fallowing are medical signs of
dreams, as published iu the medical
Lively dreams are, in general, a
sign of nervous action. Soft dreams
a sign of slight irritation of the brain;
often, in nervous fever, announcing
the approach of a favorable crisis.
Frightful dreams are a sign of deter
mination of blood to the head.
Dreams about blood and red objects
are signs of inflammatory conditions.
Dreams about rain and water are of
ten signs of deceased mucous mem
branes and dropsy. Dreams of dis
torted forms are frequently a sign of
abdominal obstructions and disorders
of the liver. Dreams in which the
patient sees any part of the body es
pecially suffering, indicate disease in
that part. Dreams about death of
ten precede apoplexy, which is con
nected with determination of blood
to the head. The nightmare, with
great sensitiveness, is a sign of de
termination of blood to the chest.
"To these," says Baron von
Fenchtersicben, " we may add that
dreams of dogs, after the bite of a
mad dog, often precede the appear
ance of hydrophobia, but may be only
the consequences of excited imagina
tion.7' Dr. Forbes W inslow quotes sev
eral cases in which dreams are said
to have been prognostics. " Arnaud
de Yilleneuve dreamt one night that
a black cat bit him on the wide. The
next day an athrax appeared on the
part bitten. A patient of Galen's
dreamed that one of his liml.9 was
changed into stone. Some days after
this, the limb was pnrah zed. Roger
d'Oxteyn, Knight cf the Company of
Douglas, went to sleep in good
health; towards the mid-lie of the
night, he saw in his dream a man
Infected with the plague, q ute naked,
who attacked him with fury, thre
him on tlie ground, after a desperate
struggle, and. holding him between
his open thighs, vomited the plague
into his mouth. Three days after,
he was seized with a plauge, nnd
died. Hippocrates remarks that
dreams in wtucn one sees black
s.iectres is a bad omen."
The Cookks This i the history
of the pecnnioiis family of Cooke, of
which Jay is he great and jdiininir
light : Tnera were s-'x children in the
family, two of whom died : the rest
live, and are married and ntiluei f.
Pitt Cooke, the oldest, has partial
ch irge of the New Yotk house of Jay
Cookc&Oo. ; Henry D. Cooke, the
youngest, has entire control of one in
Washington, and Jay himself opera
tes in Philadelphia. Sarah E. Cooke,
the only daughter, is married to a
wealthy speculator, Win . G . Moor
head, who lives right roya'ly in the
City of Brotherly Love. Elentherts
Cooke, the father of thi3 happy fam
i!y, died about three years ago, at the
green old age of TG , retaining his
wonted energy to the last. Mrs.
Cooke, who is a little over 70, still
lives in the old family mansion in the
employment of all her faculties, and
on ample particpant in the bounty of
her sons.
An Ex-Califoknia.v. The San
Francisco Times says: The British
Colonist, owned by a man whose
original name of Smith was changed
to Amoor de Cosmos by a California
Legislature, comes down on Mr.
.Mizner's British Columbia resolution
as nt only wrong but impertinent,
concluding in the following style:
We areonlv now beginning to un
derstand the value and wealth of our
possessions on the Pacific, and it
would be well for the Americans to
understand at once and for ever that
there is not, and never will be, as
things look with them just now.
enough of money in the Federal
Treasury to buy the ' locality' they
slander and abuse so much and yet so
much covet.
Considering that there is hardly
anybody left in British Columbia but
the officials and those who are too
poor to get away, that the Treasury
is hopelessly bankrupt, and the w hole
country going to destruction as fast
as possible, this is brave talk. If
British Columbia remains under its
present Government for a few years
longer, we will be able to send an
agent up there with a few bales of
blaukets and buy il of the Indians.
Passengers are arriving in S.m
Francisco from New Y01 k at the fo!.
lowing rates ot f ire, in greenba.k-:
First cabin outside state-rooms, 125;
in-ide, $100; second cabin, $80; steer
age, 40. Deduct 25 per cent, from
these figures to reduce them to gold
rates, and it is cheaper tlun ever bu'
for, and less tbau half wbit is was a
1 few vc-ars 3go. . , ,v ; :
ium- jui,ai. -
Brcakinrr Ground!
A Great Day for Oregonians.
Last week we promised full par
ticulars or the greatest event in the
history of our Young State, which
took pi. ice at Eat Portland on the
16th hist, being no less than tho for
mal commencement of the Oregon
Central Railroad, w hich is to connect
our commerce and our agriculture,
making for us one of the very best
States in the Union. The day was
auspicious, bright, sunshine, and the
spirit of the crowds who assembled to
witness the ceremony harmonized
with the weather.
A meeting of tho Directors had
been called fjr the loth, and the fol
lowing officers were chosen:
I. R. Moores.-President : A; M . Loryca
Vice-President; E.X.Cooke, Treasurer;
S. A. Clarke. Secretary. Executive Com
mittee: Messrs. Parish. Loryea. Pattern
Ellsworth. Lovejoy. I i nance Committee:
Messrs Cooke. J. il. Moores. Henderson.
Committee of ways and . Means : Messrs.
Boyd, DotilLit and Wassertaaa.
At the appointed hour on the morn
ing of the ceremony the procession
formed according to programme as
Grand Marshal and Aids.
Fouiteenth Infantry Brass iiand. ...
fjust division. ...
Cupt. p. S. Mills-Marshal. ' ;
Washington Guard.'
Fenian Guard.
Mayor and Common Council of the City
of Portland. .
Mayor and Common Council of Oregon
Members of she Press.
Chaplain of the Day.
Orator of the Day.
President and Directors of the O. C. It. It. Co.
Chief Engineer and Corps O. C. K. It. Co-.
Chief Engineer Portland Fire Department
Assistant Engineers Portland Fire Depart
ment. .
Aurora I5 ass I5and.
Willamette Engine C. No. 1.
Multnomah Engine Co. No. 2.
Columbian Engine No. Co. 3.
Protection Engine Co. No. -4.
Vigilance Llook mid Ladder Co. No. 1.. ;
TUIliD division.
Citizens ir. Carriage.
Citizens on Uorseouck
C'lUzvu oa foot.
After matching through the city,
the procession crossed theriv r, firm
ing or. the east bank and marching
to the spot Kclecled for the coin
ni -.icetne it of x ic se- The 1 Ulcers
of the eomp n . , the members of Com
mon Council, the orator of the oa,
and others, Wi re called to the stand
ainiod l he plaudits of the multitude.
Rev. Mr. Wail, r, of S.d.m. opened
the exercises by offering up a fef vent
prayer; when Hon J; II. M. tele 11
advanced to ihe front of the speakt r
staml, and on behalf of Saniuei M.
Smith, Eq , of the firm of Smith &
Davis, pieseuted the President of
the road with a shovel, made from
Oregon mateiiai, hy O.vgon me
chanics, bearing a plate f Oregon
silver, with an appropriate inscription
Tlie address of Mr. Mitchell was an
able one, and we observed many
moist eyes amongst the audience
whin allusions were made to the
early day s in Oregon, and the ob
stacles that had been met and sur
mounted by the pioneers of those
days. Mr. Mitchell said:
The blade of this essentially home pro
duction, this substantial shovel, beaten out
a.s it is from the virgin ore taken from the
proSilic mines of Oswego the Pittsburg
of Oregon where lies imbedded this val
uable metal in inexhaustible quantities and
of most fabulous richness, is a true repre
sentative of this important class of our
mineral wealth. The h.mdle, made from
an Oiegon maple, represents that material
interest which includes all the vast re
sources of trade and commerce that can
and must eventually spring from the most
m tgniiieeiit forests with which our Stale
abounds. The beautiful silver plate that
adorns the handle, and which bears upon
its tace the inscription of the donor, was
carved out of the precious metal taken
from the mouniains of Sautiam within this
State, and it serves to remind i-.s that our
mineral resources are not confined to the
baser metals, but that here iu Oregon, us
well as elsewhere upon flic golden shores
of the Pacific, the honest miner finds a i
full recompense for his hours of patient
toil. J he hanule. a so. you will observe
has been seasoned with oil manufactured
from an Oregon mill, from the "raw mate
rial grown upon an Oregon farm, by an
Oregon farmer, while the workmanship
and' mechanism displayed in its construc
tion are but a just tribute to the mechani
cal skill, and the commendable iudiistry
of the people of our State.
And. Mr. President, in acting upon this
occasion as the medium through whom this
representative of the material rcsoiuces of
our Slate is conveyed to you, and Id the
corporation which you represent, as a
tribute of respect and confidence frcm one
of the citizens of Oregon, for the indomit
able energy and perseverance which have
enabled you to , enter this day upon the
prac.ical work of the great enterprise r
which you were incorporated, it may not
be 'inappropriate for me to refer "very
briefly to the cause of our assembling to
gether at this time. The occasion of our
presence here to day, is one of profound
interest to the people of Oregon. We are
here for the purpose of celebrating the
commencement of a new era hi the history
of her people. For the purpose of wit
nessing the laying of one of the great cor
ner stones of that weabh. prosperi'y. in
fluence, ti. iiizatioii and empire, that "shall
soon characterize our S ate as a bright
particular star in the great fimily of States,
for the purpose of inaugurating a work
which, under your losterucr care, and
management and the well known energy
and business and ruuncial abd'.ty of the
Contractors represented here to dav in part
i by such men a Flint. Peabo Iy &, Co., of
I Uoston and -California, call ng to their aid
as they ha.e.froin among the Civil Ji'igi-
niH-r Corps of Hie racitio c ast, an l.jn
1 fact of the mUon p.ouiises fair to ' move
.directly acl rapidly on tfc. saccessftiLcoja-
pletion. And a work, which, w hen corn'
pleted. will be the great life artery of our
young and noble Suite, and along which,
impelled by ihe irresistabie and energising
power of steam, will bound and rebound
the great vitalizing currents of popula
tion, wealth, trade, internal commerce, and
all that tends to m ike up and work nut a
g o; ions d.-stiriy for the worthy pioneers of
our adopted S ate.
We are here to celebrate the inaugura
tion iu Oregon of that system ot internal
public improvements, which in the East
ern Western and Middle Stales, has
brought the vast multitude of these ex
tensive regions into a close communion of
trade interest and sympathy, and which
ha bound them together as with bands of
fire and ligaments of steel, end to which,
more than to any other system of internal
improvements, are the United Slates to
day indebted for their unparallelled growth
in material wealth, prosperity and powW.
And therefore it 13 not strange tLat an
event such as this should call from their
homes, their firesides, their farms, their
work shops, their offices, their parlors and
their sitting rooms, this vast concourse of
people who have come hither to approve
by their presence and to witness the com
mencement of a.work that must Ml so
deeply and so materially upon the future,
welfare not only ' of Oregon as a State. -but
also npoa the individual interests of
her people. And it- is an occasion upon
which the hardy pioneers, especially those
who first braved the dangers but a lew
years ago, of these Western wilds, . 'who
first reared the standard of civilization",
along the picturesque banks of our beau- '
tiful and far-aimed . Willamette, and plant
ed the first seeds of our present greatness
and future glory, as a people, can rejoicw .
with exceed. i great joy as they look back
over the Conuiets and trials of the past,
una now n:iu uu culminating m a new era
of prosperity and greatness that must in
evitably, and at m distant dav. make
Oregon as a State ' what her agricultural..,
mineral and manufacturing resources, a
welt as the characteristic iMierjry and rjo-a-'
livinaiicvr.c.-ts of her people justly jttiile
her to second to none West of the Rockr
This, to some, may seenCjn extravagant"
prediction ; but it is one. the truthfulness
of which, will be demonstrated during the '
lives of many of those I now add rem.
The sound of iheshov.vl'' of to-day, wh ch
is caused by the first breaking of groi n t
by -te Ore'joa Cadrai ilailr&ttd Comply,"
is but the legitimate echo of ten thousand
similar sounds that are to-day reverberat
ing along the eastern base ot the liockr
Mountain: and alonar the eastern and west
ern slopes, and amid the Alpine caverns
of the Sierras, and which shall continue
to wake up the 6 ti lines cf those solitudes,
until from Portland. Maine, to i'ortiand, :
Oregon, shall be one unbroken line of rail
way, and along which shall move io ona
continuous phalanx the population and
wealth of this mighty continent: but not
only of jLis continent, but of the contin
ents of the .world, and the islands of the
s-ii. The Great Union Patifie whiebbia -r.-iw
gradually but, surely threading its
way across our land like a huge serpent .
with a tongue- of fire mocking at every"
opposition, when completed, a.s soon it--w.li
be. and of which the road this dav be
gun is but a. legitimate extension, wi'll bi -the
great iuicinul highway of nations,
along which shall pour iu our uninterrupt
ed current the trade of Europe, Asia nnd
America, a.s it. purfsej 0,-1 like a switt-wing-ed
messenger, according to (Le laws of its,
bein- to , circum travel the civilized na
tions of men.
And who i; there. I inquire, fn tin vast
au lience, representing nsi; d iesevei v de
partment ot indus'ry and Ma.de. aflt-r eon
tt'uiplatinsr the past his.jiry of our conn-',
tr-, the unmistakable, and truly juophe'iC
signs of the present, can ivm iai lUjiedui- -O'ls
either a-- to the speedy completion of O
the work this day Commenced, or the in
fi.ience and power which when completed
it wili have no. 111 the prosperity of this,
people in developing .-.iir resources and
building np our State to something like hi
M ue character and legitim i e proportions! O
The revo-ii'ions wrought by the age of
.t-iiin i'.ju tne 1 "resist 1 o le iviii ami en
e.gizing power of the American people
are so really fabulous in their appearance
that were ibey not stamped hi indelible
and enduring eharac ers upon the pages of
American history, and in still more com
prehensive language of imperishable truth
upon the very face, the 'wide savannahs,
the rugged mountains and the verdant
hiils of oilr favored land, their history
would be treated as a (b'e emenating
from the brain r.j" a visionary. In 17.54
when Dr. Franklin projected a p! n for
the union of the colonies, he proposed t(Td
city of Philadelphia as tfve metropolis,
giving as a reason that it was simated
about half way between the two extremes,
and. as he said, could be conveniently
reached even from Po tsmouth. New
Hampshire in eighteen days. uQl r. chdd
of the future risen up from the gray mis's
of coming time and said to Dr. Franklin
yea. and iwe generations shall not pas
away until Portsmouth and Philadelphia
shall be within a tew hours ride, the reve
lation would hu e been regarded even by
that great philosopher and statesman, as
one never to be fu'tilled. Even he who
never told a falsehood, would have been
di.-believed. Jf on the 3;Uh day of Novem
ber. A. D. 17s. 2, when England conceded
American Independence, the Father of our
Country, the immortal Washington, had
been enabled to lift the veil of the future
that then flung its darksome folds acrosa
the coming grvatnessof our liepuLlieQud
had been permitted to look down the great
bro id avenues of coining time, and gifted
with the speech of prophecy, had turned
to Adams and Jefferson and Hamilton and
Randolph and others of his great compa
triots and said to them : 1 .e coming slow
ly but surely on away down yonder in the
dim distance upon the broad plain of fu
turity Thirty live .millions of peopla
from all over the vast continent. They arc
coming up. and from all nations bem-aiu
the bhiuiug sua they are bearing in their
hands great w hite banners, upon vhich
are inscribed L'Jerty and .,r(wj;".
and they are coming nearer and nearer,
and very soon they , will lake the place of
the three millions who now posses this
land, .and, -the eight hundred thousand
square miles of territory which now com
prise our possessions. I see expanding.
ou. ine norui.soiuu. ana west, into a migiity
area of over three millions of i-qiiaro
miles bounded by conterminous oceaqg)
bearing upon its face everywhere the un
mistakable impress of , civilization, of
greatness, of power ; and yet all this,
fabulous as it might then have appeared,
has come to pass in the brief period of
three quarters of a century. And who can
comprehend the progress that is to suc
ceed 1 will) a country doubling its popu
lation every twenty five years, and inesti
mably rich in all that can tend to wealth
the mind becomes disturbed and the
imagination lost in contemplating thC)'u
t iregreaims of our country.
Twenty five years ago the place wbero
I uow lie those beautiful cities which loom
! up to our view oa the eastern and western
j banks of th pencetid Willamelie-1'orf-j
land proper and East Portland with their
1 leeiuing thousands of busy population,
! their happy lumies and jovial lieai ts. their
! school houses, their academies, the'.r col
! leges, their temples of justice, their weal h.
! their tride. their commerce, he r inflner.cw
1 and .'thm'r power., was a. barren witdeniesi,
I m i:!thU-ss swamn a dbmrd 1 tude.
i threaded alone by the trail 0 the rc man..
j "-tin ur mm
- 1 mr