OBEGOX CITY, ORJEGG3Y,.' SATURDAY, MARCH 28,180! No. 23 Tol. 2 tEIjc lUcckhj (Enterprise. TCBLI3HED EVERY SATCKDAT MOKXIXG By D. C. IRELAND, VFFICE: South east corner of Fifth and Mai street-, in the b.i.Id.ng n s the Court UoHse, Oregon tin, Oiegon. Terms of Subscription. One copy, one rear in advance $3 00 .. .'. if delayed 4 00 Terms of Advertising. Transient advertisement, per square (12 lines or less) Hi st insertion . . o0 for each subsequent insertion 1 'A Business Cards one square per annum payable quarterly - 1'0 One column per annum 1-'- One half column " " One quarter " " Leal advertising at the established rates. Pi? OFBSSIONA L CA RD S. Dr. F. Barclay, M. R. C. L,4 '(Formerly Surgeon to the lion. II. B. Co.) OFFICE: At Kelteee, Main Street Oregon City. Dr. CHARLES BLACH, 'Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur. OFFICE -Corner of Washington and Front streets, Parrish's Block, Porthuid, Oregon. RESIDENCE "Washington street, between Fourth and Fifth streets. j 'ii.ly oTp. isasoij, iX.TTORKET AND COUNSELOR AT L.W, q1.02 Front st., I'ortland, Oregon. XTrr!, ATTEND TO B US I N ESS I N AN V V V Caurt in the State or Washington Territory. Including business under the San.krupt Law. S7:ly Attorney and Counsellor at Law. WILL ATTEND PROMPTLY TO ALL business entrusted to his care. Okfick One door north of Bell L Parker's Jrur store, Oregon City, Oregon. :hly J. WELCH,' 'dentist. Permanently Located at Orejn. City, Oregon. Rooms with Dr. Salfarans, on Main street. .A. C. GIBBS. C. W. rAItKlSIT, Xotiry PuUie and Com. of JJtvd. GIEB3 & PAEKISH, Attorneys and Counselors at-Let'', PORTLAND, OREGON. OFFICE On Alder street, in Carter's Kfir Brick Block. M. c. johxsox. f. o. ji cow. v. A'c.'t.'- 1'uUlc. JGHKEON & LIcCOWIJ, et 'xzr- ':zzx r-zso OltKGO.V CITY, OBLUOX. (5-? Will attend to all business entrusted f our care m any of t he Courts of t i.e Slate, ciileet nionev, negotiate loans, sell real es- j t tr, etc. " j i,T"iartieular attention given to contested j Liud case.s. 1 .y 1 j j. n. MiTciiLLL. j. x. ooi.ru. a smith. IrlitDheli, Dolph & Smith, Attorneys and Counsellors at Law, Solicitors in Chancery, and Proc tors in Ad iniialtg . Otlice o-er the old Post OHice, Front Street, Portland, Oregon. BENTON KILLIK, 0 - . Ortgon City, OVcf;ou Office iu Channan's Brick Block, up stairs. ('-: tO TAHTT1CI TVT Tnfior I Justice of the Peace City Pwcorder. Office In the Court House and City Council Room, Oregon City. Will attend to the acknowledgment of ieed, and all other duties appertaining to theotliceof Justice of the 1'e.iec. ti:iy J. 13. UPTON, Attorney and Cocnsei.or-atLavi Oregon City, Oregon. Ofuce over the store of Pope &. Co., Mum street. i'. tf C. A. DOLPH, ATTOKNEV AND CoUNSELLCn at-Law, OlTice IOC Front street, Portland, Orc gr,n. (.10.0m CT P . F ER R yT O (laite Ferry & F'ostcr,) JESE nt. CD EX. Jit "C3 3L No. 10S Front street, I'ortland. 0 Agent North British and Mercantile Insurance Company. I And Manhattan Life Insurance Co j 1 OVEllNMENTSECUiltTIES.STOCKS VJT Bonds, and Ileal Estate bought and : Sjid on Commission. l:-:lv ! DAVID fcRIITH, Successor to SMITH d- MARSHALL, Jjlaclc-Smith and Wagnn Maker, Corner of Main and Thud streets, oOregou City Oregon. Blacksmithing in all its branches. Wairnn making and repairing. AH work warranted to give satisfaction. jjy CLAEK GHEEIT1IAII, ' City Drayman, OH EG OX CITY. Ail orders for the delivery of merchandise, or packages and freight ot whatever descrip tion, to any part of taecity, will be executed promptly and with care. " lt'..0m Established since lS-i'J, at the old stand, Main Street, Okkox City. An assortment 1 1 Wuiclies. Jew elry, and Seth Thomas' weiu'it Clocks, alt of which are warranted to be as represented. jUepainns done on short notice. i mil tnankful for past favors. (37 I. S. ROSENBAUIil a Co., No. 45 Front St., Portland Oregon. WHOLESALE DKALEUS IX Tobaccn, Cigars, Snug, Stationery, Yankee Notions, and Toys. Orders promptly attended to -a. ri - is. UCSINESS CARDS. Ladd &, Tilton, JiAXKElwS, Will give prompt attention to collections, and other business appertaining to Banking' Sight and Telegraphic Exchange On San Francisco and the Atlantic States for sale. Government Securities bought and xi.tf L . C . Fuller, Fags the Highest Price for Gold Fust Legtil Tenders and (lovernment securities bought and sold. No. los Front st., x'-! Portland, Oregon. Removed I Removed ! The old and well known IK AlOXXASTFX, TroprUtcr, PORTLAND OREGON, HAS NOT DISCONTINUED WORK! but has been removed to Second street, between Alder and Morrison streets, where business willbe conducted oa as large a scale as in years oast. 2:1 y JO HIT II. S CHE A 'XI, Manufacturer and Dealer in SADDLES, HARNESS, V etc., etc.. Main street, between Third and Fourth, Oregon dig. rTrWVL attention of parties desiring anything JL in my line, is directed to my stock, be foie making purchases elsewhere. (ly) " JOHN II. SCIIBAM. William Brcuglitcn, COXTRA CTOR and BUILDER, Jluai. xtritt, Gi'itjon, City. Will attend to all work in his line, con sisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner work framing, building, etc Jobbing promptly attended' to. " fn a. it. b::i.i.. K. A. r.BKEU. BELL 4 PARK SR. AXn I1K.U.ER? IX Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints, Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes, And every article kept in a Drug Store. S-j.) MaIX StKKKT, OliEfJOX ClTV. L. ZIGLEIl & SOI., o o f S3 m m. Oregon City, Oregon. HE UN DEB SIC NED AKE NOW PRE- j pared to make al! manner of wai e in tiie i hue of cooperage, from a we!!-bu ket to a . hogshead, of but!i l.-ilge and straight work, ! on short notice, and at reasonable rates. Call and examine samples of our work, as it is its own recommendation. ..i.i, L. ZIO'LEB. & SON. OH A i i 8 SALOON. )Vt.4 Side ifui'i Slret, Third, Vc latiry n "en t'if- Vt.wi ana GEGP.G-E A. 1IAAS Proprietor. mi . , , , , . r , . i 1 he proprietor be:;s leave to inform his I friends and the public generally that t he j above named popuhiv saloon is open for their ' accommodation, with a :,ew and well assort- i e.l supply of the finest brands of wines, j liquors and cigars. 52 j - - j J. C. MANX. TIIOS. LEAHY. Fashion Hiliiard Salocn Main street, between Second and Third, Oregon City. HAHII & LEASY Proprietors. ''IllL above Ions: established and popular JL Saloon is yet a favorite resort, and r.s only the choicest brands ot Wines, Liquors and Ci-.'ars are dispensed to customers a share of the public patronage is solicited. Z-j" N. 15. Families supplied with the choicest Liquors, English Ale and Porter, in bottles, on the most reasonable terms. Cosmopolitan Billiard Rooms. Alder Street, bet. Front and First, Portland, Oregon. Two new and very perfect French it) "ith the Improved Phelan Cushions, just set up at the Cosmopolitan. These Tables are incomparably superior to anv others iu use. CLOUCE 11. CULENL. ZiOF' Booms apart from the Saloon. 'xi.l A. J. MOXIICK. W. A. K. MKI.t.pX. K0SFR02 & BIELLEN, Dealirs in California, Vermont, and Italian JfarLles, Obelisks, Monu ments, Head and loot, stones, Salem Ohegon. Mantles and .Furniture Marble furnished to order. 2.tf I, t a u a v.. a ii i g ii t , EXCELSEQiSjoL MARKET! Corner of Fourth and M-tin Sis., Oregon Cdg Oregon. rpAKE THIS METHOD OF INFORMING I the public that ouy keep constantly on hand ail kinds trc.-di anil salt meats, such as BEEF, PORK. MUTTON, VEAL, CORNED BEEF, ITAMS, PICK E EE i) PORK. LARD. And evervthmg else to be found m their lino Oregon City, April -ieth, lsOT. i:":ly ISAAC FAR!!. JOHX FARE. & BROTHER, Batchers and Meat Venders. 1 Thankful for the favors of the community in tae past, wish to say that thev will con tiuue to deliver to their patrons, from the wagon, as usual, (hi Tnrx-l,,yM ,;,i S.it,jrJTy i f eaclt iceel; itnetjesiqualir.es cf Peet, Mutton, and Pork, or any other class of meats in the matket. e.tf OHEGOS CITY KEEr co..&1a.;tly on hand for sale : iSvliViLii, XiJ.ajJLiJ,ir35 j jJRAX AXD CIHCKEX FEED t i lT" Turtles wanting feed mast furnish i tuesr sacKS. !-".tl : . JrTTCT JiLA-NIvb. of everv doevio t;on lor ?ah- at t!:? ExTKpntsK office' TJLL HEADS PRINTED. At the Enterprise Office. GOGD SIGHT. Good night, my dear, good night! In pleasant slumbers close Thine eyes, wall love so bright ; ?Tis time they should repose They opened ere 'twas light; Good night I Good night, my dear ; the prayer Thine infant lips just spake, Borne on the evening air. Its way to heaven shall take, And God will love thee there. Good night! Good night, and nothing fear ; When then art fast asleep, Angels, unseen, draw near, A careful watch to keep, That naught may harm thee. dear. Good night ! Good night ! In glory gleams The hours of dark shall fly, Ai d fairest meads and streams Thy feet shall wander by. In pleasantest of dreams. Good nijrht ! Golden Anuivtrsary of a. Printer. On the evening of November 2J, last, the New York Typographical Society was called together in special meeting, for ihe purpose of suitably commemoratirg the Fiftieth Anni versary of the entrance into the So ciety of Mr. Charles McDevitt. The veteran typo was introduced by air. Thurlow Weed, who fifty years ago was employed in the same office with Air. McDevitt. Mr. Weed spent a few moments in recalling the events of the past, when both were working at the " case." The meeting was very fully attended, some of the oldest workmen in the craft being present to greet their old comrade. The exercises were opened with prayer by Rev. Joseph Lorgking, long a printer, and Superintendent of the Methodist Book Concern; after which the Chairman, Mr. Charles C. Savage, delivered the congratulatory address, on behalf of the Society which was very interesting, review ing as he did, half a century of time that Mr. McDevitt had been with the fraternity, active, unfaltering, re liable, always at the (dace his fellow, members assigned him. Never slink ing or shunning the burdens imposed upon him, but doing his duty as God Las given him ability, " We are made conscious by this anni versarv," says Mr. Savage, 41 that you ore growing old. Your age, your ser vices entitle -you to rar k as the acs 1 ve pat rial fh of t he Society today, -n i-. A i snch we 'lU recognize Otl. l' rom tbc time of the iirbrew tmriarehs 1 until now, a si tiff" has been the em blem of that authority, wisdom and veneration which we associate Tvilh Inspiration has magnified ir- poets have sang of it; history com memorates it. All ages and ranks yield ready respect and honor to the man of years leaning on his staff Your brethren, in extending to you their congratulations on this anniver sary, have deemed it eminently fitting to present you some memorial there of. They have decided, that as the time approaches when you must lay down your " composing stick," no more appropriate gift could be se lected than a rcaAi;-stick for you to " pick-up" in its stead. They have conferred on inc. the agreeable privi lege of being their Voice to express to yon their warmest interest in your future health, happiness, and pros, perity, and their hand in presenting to you this cane. It has strength for support, and beauty to gratify. May it ever be to you a type of the Di vine strength, on which you can rely, and the beauty of that life which lias been spent in usefulness, and love to wards God and man. And when your last" stick" shall be " emptied," and your " form" shall be " locked up" and " pressed"' beneath the " stones'' of the " tomb,'' mav vour immortal spirit be welcomed to a heavenly mansion, r.nl there find ! endless, blessed rest." Mr. Savage, at ttie conclusion of his address, produced an elegant ebony cane with a massive gold head, on which was engraved an inscription commemorativeof the occasion, which he presented to Mr. McDevitt o:i behalf of the Society. Mr. McDevitt expressed his thanks for the beautiful gift in appropriate terms, and in response delivered a most interesting addrees, in which he spoke of the ' Typographic Art" fifty j years ago, and contrasted it with that I Art ' tc.day. He made many touching allusions to the old printers i -f New York, with whom he had ! 1 . ,. ..: . J , . i i j " ;isuc.aieo, ana wno nati passea ! before him to a ' haven of rest." We ', , I Irartt tat we have room for but one i paragraph; I io 'he American press, -.villi the aid of the electric telegraph, may be attributed much of our national great ness. The newspaper, finding its way into the home of every citizen, is making itself a powerful instru ment in forming the minds of the people. The poet's dream of a ma gician putting a girdle of intelligence around the earth in forty minutes will soon be more thati realized. The magical power of electricity in the hands of science will not only send intelligence around the jlobe in a few minutes, but will diffuse it over tha whole face of the earth. This country, and this great metropolis, from ita geographical position, must become the radius of all commercial movements. Indeed, New Yoik now is, for all practical purposes, the centre of the world. Look at that printing-press, standing there in the corner, reminding us of former days. It is the same as those used by Faust, Gutenburg and Caxton; and, within my remembrance, the only means by which cur daily papers were worked off; and then turn your thoughts to the costly and powerful machinery, with all its appliances, which now takes its place. Look at those magnificent temples which have lately been erected, and those now constructing, taking the place of the garret or cellar, the dark and dingy rookeries in which the lever that moves the world used to be con cealed." Addresses were delivered by Thur low Weed, arid many otheis, con cluding with the following ode, read by Mr. Vni. O'and Bourne: Brother'. If all the radiant thought Thy hands have traced iu fifty years. From heart and mind of genius wrought, Undimmedby clouds or falling tears If all the good thy hands have told By type on type, and line on line, Could be upon thy future rolled, Our willing hearts should wish them thine. O Veteran Knight of Royal Artj What thought and power thy hands have held, That made the rolling ages start, And Eat tli's grand Hymn of Progress swell ; A Haifa Century has passed Since thou wert to thy letters wed, And now in love we come to cast Our benedictions on thy head. Long may the years bring joy to thee, And honor crown thy closing uay, And golden blessings, large and free, Be strewn alone thy peaceful way, And fifty years of glorious Art, In toil, and thought, and zeal like thine, Shall write upon the loving heat t, McDevitt's name, a gulden issue. Out oi'abcut 1 SCO tons of freight awaiting shipment at Portland Ly one firm, they got 75 tons i II" by the Jo h n L. Stephens. We are told that ship ping by quota isnovv the rule. How long does the Bjii. Ilolliday line (whom we hive always respected heretofore) expect this state of things to lasif The case of instruments offered by Dr. Carpenter to the student who should pass the most perfect exam ination in the graduating c'ass at Sa lem, was awarded to Dr. S.R.Jessup We learn from the Sentinel that a corporation has been formed under the name of the Southern Orrcon Military Road Company, for the pur pose of opening a wagon road start ing near Ashland, Jackson county, and running erstward intersecting the Oregon Central Military Road at a point on the east side of Goose Lake Valley. Capital stock $ 150,000, di vided into two hundred and fifty shares. A petition has been forward ed to Congress asking for a grant of land to aid in the construction of the road. On the sixth of January Senator Williams introduced a bill amendato ry of the "Act granting lands to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Central Pa cific Railroad in California, to Port land Oregon," extending the time al lowed for the completion of so much of the road as may be within the State of Oregon, to three years from the date of the act for the first 20-mi!e section; nnd further providing that at least u0 miles shall be completed in each three years thereafter, and the w hole on or before July 1st, 1SS0. Tiie bill was read twice and referred to the Committee on Public Lands. The Denver News informs us that Mr. John II. Gerri.h, formerly of Dalles City, has returned and lo cated in Denver. Mrs. Gerrish, wife of Jolm IL, is the lady who es caped with her child, so remarkably, from an overland coach in 1803, af ter the driver had been kd'ed by the Indians. Mrs. Gerrish is one of the heroic women of this age, and we hope that she will allow her name to be handed down as such. As to John Tl hirr Ln u-iM vft nvprcflmp lii ! A.,,r,xh fwn o-roat fires at Dan- ! n0ek and Idaho were bard on him, OYSTEItS- History ami Extent of the Fisliciics OJi tlii Coast. From the San Feanci-ico Bulletin. " Canst tell how an oyster makes his shell !" A7i7 Ltar. "Why, then' the world's mine cystef; Which with a sword I will open." Merry II7cr. Shakespeare is responsible for a bit of history which records the fact or fiction that on a certain occa sion Mark Anthony sent a messenger commissioned to present the lovely queen of Egypt an " Orient pearl,'' which, to make it the more accepf.a ble, was to be handed over in a neat little speech as follows: " The firm Roman to great Egypt sends this treasure of an oyster," etc; Had Cleopatra been inclined to draw nice distinctions, she might have retained the treasure and returned the " oyster," with her compliment to the "firm Romam," or had the mat ter referred to a committee on oys ters, to consider the propriety of roy alty accepting an "oyster" from an alien. It might be a torpedo. Since then, however, one Linr.ceus has de fined the oyster, and the world is vastly illuminated on the subject. Here is the definition: "Oyster, a well known marine acephalous mol lusk, of the lamelli-branclliate order, and genus ostrca. That's lucid, and no one can hereafter doubt the per fectly innocent character of the " acephalous mollusk." Corn, ng down to still more modern times and things, it is stated that 2;500 vessels and 10,000 hands or air of 1 a ids are required to supply the New Y'ork oyster trade alone. How many mouths it takes to eat them is undertermiued. From New Yoik to San Faancisco, thanks to steam aud live oak, the transition is easy, and the investigator soon finds himself " a raking among the oyster banks" of the Pacific for information. FIKST DISCOVERIES. The trade on this coast is still in its infancy. Oysters were first dis covered in Shoal water Bay, iu 1S50, by a Captain Feldstead, who took some on board bis vessel, but did not succeed in ffctiinjr them to San Francisco in good order. Anthony Ludlum next fitted out and despatch ed the schooner St;z Serpent to the Shoalwater bed for a cargo. This expedition was more successful than its predecessor, and with the cargo, which was safely delivered at this market, Mr. Ludlum established him self in the business!, and continued it up to the present time. He is there fore entitled to the distinction of be ing the pioneer oysttrman of San Francisco. The discovery opened a new field for our enterprising coas ters, and the trade opeued vigorously. Immediately upon the arrival of the Sea Serpent at this port with her bivalves, a company composed of Alexander Ilausen, Thomas Bartlett, Garrett Tyroh, Mark Winant, John Morgan and Frank Garretson was organized, who purchased and fitted out the schooner Robert Bruce, and placed her under command of Capt Terry. 'I his vessel arrived at Shoal water Bay and commenced loading, but on the third day after her arrival she was burned to the water's edge. It is said that the cook, having ad ministered all the laudanum in the medicine chest to the crew, set the schooner on fire, evidently intending to burn her up, together with the en tire crew, saving, of course, his own precious self; but an old man named McCarthy, the only white inhabitant on the bay, saw the impending danger and roused the half stupefied beings who had been devoted to destruction by the incendiary cook. They were thus rescued, and being reduced to the single alternative of colonizing right there until something should aim up in their behalf, they erected a few cabins on the adjacent shore, and were known for a long time as the Bruce Company. The town cf Bruceport now occupies the site of this involuntary settlement. SnoAIAVATER PAT. Is a considerable body of water, about 30 miles long and 10 miles wide. The entrance is in latitude 46 degrees and 44 minutes. The chan nel is wide and deep with about five fathoms on the bar at low water, forming, next to that ef San Fran cisco, the best natural haibor on the Pacific Coast. Five or six rivers flow into it, among the largest of which are the Willopa and Palnx. The severe winter of 1801 and 'G2 froze and destroyed nearly fdl the oysters in the bay, compelling parties entered in the trade to make further explorations. These resulted in the discovery of an oyster bed in NATARD S BAY". A small lago'on situated some fifty miles south of the Columbia river. The first oysters were taken from here by Capt. Hillper, in the schoon er Cornelius- Terry and proved to be rather superior to the Shoalwaters. But the bed afforded only a limited supply, and besides, the entrance to the harbor was very shoal and dan gerous, having bat eight or nine feet of water on the bar at high tide. The Indians of this vicinity told the oys termen of another oyster mine, fur ther south at a placeealled YAQUINA BAY. Samples from this locality showed a superior article to any of the for mer discoveries. The fish was larg er and of more delicate flavor than either the Shoalwater or Natard, and the shell not so thick and heavy as the latter. The entrance to Y"aquina is in latitude 4-fdcg. 40 rain. The bay and oyster-bed proved to be on an Indian reservation, and Ji collis ion soon occtired between the oyster men and the Indian agent. The oys termen claimed that they had a right to take, oysters from any ol the navi gable waters of the United States, while on the other hand the acrcnt contended that ihey were in this in stance a part of the Indian's subsist ance, and demanded a subsidy or im port of 15 cents for every bushel tak en away. In the winter of 1SG2 a lease of the privilege of woiking this bed was obtained by Winant & Co, of this city, by which it was stipula ted that the lessee should have the ex clusive right to gather and ship the oysters by paying to the agent the sum of 15 cents per bushel. Other parties attempted to make common property of the bed. The agent was compelled to drive them off by force, using the IT. S. trOops for that pur pose. The interloping oystermen brought suit against the agent to re cover heavy damages. Important questions were raised involving the rights of navigation of fisheries, and of Indiarr reservations. The suit was carried to the Supreme Court of Or egon, when it was eventually decided in favor or the agent. Winant oc Co., under their lease gathered and shipped a large quantis ty of the Yaqtiiua oysters, employ ing two'or three vessels, and supplying nearly the whole California market for a year or two. Their first venture from there was the shipment of some 1,800 bushels, which were brought down to San Francisco and planted near Ship Island, up the bay. These succeeded very well, and were sold at prices ranging from $1 to 82 per 100. In the meantime, during the diversion from Shoalwater Bay, the bed there in a great measure recovered from its depletion, and by planting and culti vation abetter supply of oysters is now afforded than has been for many years. Yaquina Bay has been nearly exhausted, although this year theicis a very large spawn and young growth and with a year or two of rest the bed will be more prolific than ever. The three foregoing place.s are the only ones where oysters have been obtained north of San Francisco, except that a few are brought occasionally from Victoria, Vancouver's Island; by steamer, which are of a very inferior quality. For some unaccountable reason no oysters are known to ex st in Coose or Humboldt Bays. CLAMS, SCOLLOPS, ETC. There are in the voyage of life, steerage passengers, so to speak, who would eat a clam for economy's sake, and imagine oysters. For such a de luded heathen there is a world of com miseration. A clam is a degenerate plebian of the acepalovs tuollusk fam ily; approaching the dignity of a genuine oyster as a liveried footman approaches the d'gnity and stale of his roval master. It is a miserable parvenue, an impostor. Whit or sole leather might make the same pretensions. Still we have them here, and they have their patrons, marvelously enough, even among civ ilized palate; but it argues bad for the eater. They are a clammy mor sel, put them up as you will. A wtll-prepared chowder may pass mustfer. They are found everywhere on the coast, though not so large as the Eastern clams, The scollop is another unhallowed alien to the ostrean commonwealth; Like clams, the palate, must become disciplined to a friendship for them, although they stand a shade higher than the latter, in point of delicacy. Still we have none of them here yet, and remote be the day of their innov vation. The scollop of the table is but a portion of the shell fish bearing that name, the remainder being res jected as unfit for use. It is about the sizs of a good sized filbert, and resembles a slug of skinned snake's carcase. Indeed " slug'' would be a more appropriate name for them than " scollop.'' About 150 of them make a, quart, and sell iu the New York market at 80 cents. SHIP DISASTERS. Like all others who go down to the sea in ships, the oystermen have their mishaps; and the billow tumbles irreverently over many a hardy coaster. Sit ce the burning of the pioneer oyster schooner, Robert Bruce, Shoalwater Bay records the loss of the schooners Emma Packer and Empire. The schooner Spark ling Wave sailed for Shoalwater Bay, but was never since heard from, and subsequently the schooner Ann C. Anderson, for the same destina tion", has Kit the same mystery. On the 8th of November, I8G4, the schooner J. M. Chapman sailed from Shoalwater Bay for San Francisco, with a cargo of oysters. No tiJings Lave ever been heard from her. The ocean, doubtless, holds the secret of her fate. The schooners Ann G. Doyle and Cornelia Terry have been lost at Yaqnima Bay. . No others are reported. FATALITY OF 1807. The wholesale dealers have met with heavy losses during the past season, by the dying of their oysters from some unkr.ow cause. Nearly all brought here that yoar have died within the period of a few months the loss from this source exceeded 640,000. The cause is unknown. As all kinds appear to be alike affected, some conjecture that the waters of the Bay is this season is impregnated with an unusual quantity of alkali or some other foreign and poisonous substance. No locality in the Bay has been exempt. DOLLARS AKD CENTS. Prices in the San Francisco mar ket at present range from $3-a $5 per basket, containing an average of about, 500 oysters the price varying with the quality. The retail price is $1 per hundred, and the ultimate consumes eats his "date" for the consideration of "two bits" and love and affection. finis. The nature, growth and cultivation of the oyster on this coast opens a large field of investigation and enter prise for intellect and capital, an in vestment of which would doult'csS result in supplying our markets with oysters, fully equal in quality and abnndance to the famous Shrewsbury or Saddle-rocks of the East. Corals. Coral jewelry, which has of late been very fashionable, is said to be to a great extent counterfeit. Much of it is prepared artificially from marble dust made info paste by using silicate of potash and a litttle isinglass and colored by Chinese Ver million. --. Too Fat. Thi Chief of the Secret Police employed about Napoleon's person, has grown so stout as to be come a marked man, and thus lost po sition. Sportsmen. A decdy'ls a plan by which ducks and other aquatic birds are enticed up a narrow channel from a river or lake. The channel usually terminates in a cover of network, several yards in length. On either side of the channel the turf is kept smooth and in order; this tempts the birds to leave the water, and they alight and begin to dress their plum age. While thus employed at some distance up the channel, the decoy man and his dogs, who have been on the look out, but carefully concealed, suddenly appear. The. birds take to the water t:gain, and ar; driven by the dogs into the net-woik inelor-ure, when they arc ea-ily captured. Mammon. ;Tt is useless to declaim against the desire to acquire wealth. About the year 1750, an author ta-k ed himself to prove that the English people ought to abstain from trade and commerce, because they were the means w hereby they became f- femiuate, rapacious and factious. lie pursued the subject through twenty five chapters, in which be touched upon the spirit of liberty, the spirit of humanity, the ruling manners of the times, the principles of religion, honor and public spirit; what constilutes the strength of nations, the national spirit of defence, the national spirit of union, the consequences of national disunion, the effects of exhorbiiant trade and wealth on our manners and religions principles public spirit. His delineation of the manners and prin ciples cf the times was much ad mired; but the acquisitiveness of ths people remained uuabated LET TIIE CHItDRES FKOUC. From the nursery to the narrow house is but a short journey, and in the brief space between the two ter mini the pleasantest domain ought to be that of childhood. Children aione, of human beings, have the ca oacitv of unadulterated enjoyment. Theirs, therefore, should be the holi day of life; its slave day will soon be upon them, ar.d then farewell for ever to the merry world without a responsibility, a fear, or a care, which -is their rightful abiding place until borne out in the tumult and the strife ot the great malestrom. Tasks they must learn, duties they must be taught; btit those who know how to interest the developing thind, and to feed it wisely and well with the ele ments of knowledge, can make edu cation one of childhood's pleasures. If every child could be instructed in tellectually, morally and religiously, a very few generations would suffice to bring about the tnidenium; and if the foundations of a life long cheerful ness could be at tiie same time lad, by affording to all children full op' portunities for innocent enjoyment, what a merry millenium it Would be. That being ont f the questiQ), let us do the best we can. Away with all t ie tribe of humbugs Who put chil dren into straight jackets wh would crar.i them to school, and make automata of them out of it. Tench them winningly. Make knowledge attractive to them. Let them frolic unrestrainedly. Some children are utterly broken dov$ physically and mentally by over-education. Others have no education at ail. Of the twain the former are most tb be pitied. The uneducated can nfter- wards educate themselves; but chil dren who have had the vitality and spirits oj their youth dragooned out of them by martinet teachers, can never repair the damage that ha? been done to their bodies and minds by overtasking. Wi at the IIeaft is. -pie heQrt is like a pfnt in the tropics, which all the year round is bearing flowers, and ripening seeds, and letting them fly. It is shaking oil memories and dropping associations. The joys of last year are" ripe seeds that will ebmo up in joy again next year. Thus the heart is planting seeds in cverv iiook and corner; and as a wind which serves to prostrate a plant is only sower coming forth to sow its seeds, planting some of them in rocky crev ices, some by river ourses, some among messy stones, some by warm hedges, and some in garden and open field, so it is with our experiences of life that sway and bow us either with joy or sorrow, iney pianu eeiy- thing round about us with heart seeds. Thus a house becomes sacred. Every room hath a memory, and a thous and of them; every dobr and window Q is clustered with associations. The Usages of Society. Some of what are called the usages of so. ciety are irksome to many of us; but it will not do to contemn them. So long as they do not require of us any sacrifice of principle, it is better to conform. There can be no harm in masking mortification with aGSmile, in withholding the expression of our opinions and sentiments when their utterance can do no good, in evading questions which it is against Our in terest to answer directly, or in being polite to people whom we cannot es teem. Candor is a virtue; but it is not advisable to wear one's heart on one's sleeve in society. The rule laid down Ly Pascal, one of the pur ist of men and most rigid of morals is;s, is a good one: " It is not a con ditiori," says that excellent man, '-that we state only what is the truth ; we are bound al-o not, at all times, lo say all that is true; because we ought only to give publicity to things that msiy serve a useful pur pose, and not to such as may cause pain to individuals without conduc ing to general utility." Oh, that all gossiping busybodies would give heed to his sage advice this sound, Chris tian logic. How is it? Suppose a man and a girl were to get married the man S years old and the girl 5 years this makes the man seven times as old as the girl; they live together until the irl is ten years old this makes the man 40 years old, and four times as old as thegirl; and they still live un til she 15 the man would be 45 this makes the man three times as old; ana they still live till she is SO years old this makes the man CO only twice as old, and so. Now, how long would they have to live to make the girl as old as the man.