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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
l)c iDcckln Enterprise.
Oregon City, Oregon :
Saturday, March 14th, 1863.
THE UAIWIO VD ADVANCE.
The FrontieP Index, which 3e
rlares itself on wheels, and now at
Fort Sanders, fifty iles west of
Cheyenne, says: " We are presently
to have a new railroad town here
nt Senders that will eclipse all the
other towns in the rear. Uheynne
will soon have to cave. There are
now between three and four thousand
Western men in this immediate vicin
ity, getting out arilroad ties and
wood, an gouging into the earth
for gold, silver, copper and iron, all
of which ara found to be abundant
within an arms' reach of Sanders.''
"Says the Index of the 21th ult:
' A miner just in from the SwecU
water mines, two l u idred miles west
of Sanders, says over three hundred
people are wintering there. Five
stores have been established, and
more on the way. Some of the
miners are still at work, crushing
arastra and amalgamating charesa
rock, which yields from three hun
tired to four hundred dollars to the
ton. The facilities for working the
rock are yet very few and imper
Of the climate at Fort Sanders, the
Index says: 4 The snow at Cheyenne
iAiow reported seven inches deep,
while here we hardly have enough to
run a sleigh. The month of Sep
tember, October, November and De
cember have afl?3rded us a mixed
spring and autumn season, unequalled
lfy the Indian summers on the Nile
or the immediate strawberry winters
about Los Angelos."
The Index gives a full list of the
officers and men of the garrison at
Furt Sanders, D. T.
The editor of the Index was thrown
from a wagon a few days ago, and it
and its load of four thousand Donnds
-weight passed over his chest. Strange
to say, no bones were broken, and
jlhojgh considerably hurt, the editor
is already about.
California.. From a carefully
prepared statement in the Times, we
learn that California owes $9,020,
105 and has a population of 491,
32, exclusive of Chinese and Indi
ans. In addition to this, the funded
de'ot of the comptroller, at the date
of his last report was 5,120,500,
mid the tlbt of cities not included
above, was $197,530. Thus they
State debt S 5,120.500
County debt 9,020, lot
Total -.$ U,GliM0
Kstimnting the population, exclusive
of Indians and Chinese, at 500,000,
the proportion of debt to each man,
woman, and child in the community
would be 29 25. The latest esti
mate of theVatio of the national debt
to the individual that we have seen
puts it at $G9 80. At this rate the
proportion of public debt to every
individual in California would be
$93 98. There are a great many of
our citizens who would feel quite un
comfortable if they personally owed
that much fur themselves, and that
much for their wives and for each of
their little ones. Yet the payment
o of private debts can sometimes be
rvaded, but public debts never can.
Kveryone who eats and drinks and
wears must pay. It is as easy to
Qpscape death as to escape the tax
gatherer. Could any more convincing argu
ment of the nesessity for economy in
the public administration be made,
savs the Times, than is contained in
the figures we have cited. Debt is
weighing like on incubus upon the
energies of that State, and until it can
be caucelled no appropriation of pub
lic money, not absolutely necessary,
should be made. How is it with
Oregon, Bro. Unionist? Can you
give us a comparative statemeut?
Julia Dean Ilayne seems to have
encountered a financial difficulty at
Albany, X. Y. Her engagement
there is said to have "fallen flat and
she threw it up" at the end of the
first week. Her action in the matter
is said to have been hastened, from
her wardrobe having been attached
hy Frank Lawlor, who had been her
A writer on finance takes the
ground that our National Debt is
simply a substitute for private debt,
which it prevents by adding to the
representatives of value in existence.
He supports this position by the
statement that since the existence of
the debt trade has been changed from
a credit system to a cash basis, and
boids tliat iu this light our position
has advantages that are generally
Steps have at length been taken
for the immediate erection of fortified
"works at Lime Point. Buildings for
the workmen, and workshops have
been already erected.
Is the only argument now left for
the Copperheads, and the question is
not before the people of the State.
Even if it were desirabla to agitate
the question now, there is no use in
doing so, because the Constitution
cannot be amended again before 1870,
and many of the negro shriekers may
be dead before that time. In rebel
States, however, it is a question of
vast importance, and the loyal men
of those States demand negro suffrage
to protect the loyal whites as well as
the blacks from rebel outrages and
As pertinent to this matter we ask
attention to the following, which we
find in an exchange:
Who said that all men are created
equal? Thomas Jefterson, the father
Who gave the negro the light of
suffrage in New York? The Demo
Who presided over the Convention
which gave this privilege to negroes?
Martin Van Buren, a Democrat.
Who afterwards elected Martin
Van Buren to the Presidency of the
United States? The Democratic par-
Y ho married a negro woman, and
by her had mulatto children? Rich
ard M. Johnson, a good Democrat.
Who elected Richard M. Johnson
Vice President of the United States ?
The Democratic party.
If President Van LJuren had died,
and Richard M. Johnson had become
President, who would have become
the Democratic mistress of the White
House? The same negro woman.
Who made the negro a citizen of
the State of Maine? The Democrat
Who enacted a similar law in Mas
sachusetts? The Democratic party.
Who gave the negro the right to vote
in New Hampshire? The Democrat
Who permitted every colored per
son owning $250 in New York to be
come a voter? A General Assembly
Who repealed the laws of Ohio,
which required negroes to give bonds
and security before settling in that
State? The Democratic party.
Who made muhutoes legal voters
in Ohio? A Democratic Supreme
Court, of which Reuben Wood was
What became of Reuben Wood ?
The Democratic party elected him
Governor three times, and he is still
a leader of the Democratic party
Who helped to give free negroes
the ngnt to vote in Tennessee, un
der her Constitution of 1795? Gen
Was General Jackson a good Denv
ocrat ? He generally passed as such
The Points at Issue. Democrats
in Washington city seem to be post
ed about what are to be the points o
issue made by Johnson, in his defense
before the Court of Impeachment
They intimate that the following plan
has been fully decided upon by His
First, his counsel will appear in
court on Friday and will ask for an
extension of time. Tliey will then
object to every Republican Senator
who expressed an opinion regarding
President's guilt or innocence in the
articles of impeachment, being al
lowed to Bit as a juror. Of course
they do not expect to carry this
point. Second, they wiil raise a
question whether Senators from 27
States constitute the Senate of the
United States. They will maintain
until all the States are represented in
the Senate and House, the former
body is not competent to try the
question impeaching the President.
Failing in both of these, the President
wiil Grndy refuse to proceed with the
trial, asserting that in such a court
justice cannot be done. Then he will
rise and send in his resignation ar,d
appeal directly to the people to sus
t iin him and piss judgment at the
ballot-box against the Senate.
The story meets with some ere
dence among republicans and is re
garded as a shrewd attempt of the
President to force himself upon the
Democratic party as their candidate
for the next President.
The Farmer's Candidate. The
California Farmer has come out for
Henry Ward Beecher, for the next
President. It says, with some con
We presume Politicians, those who
look after the loaves and fashes,
would not like to see such a man as
Henry Ward Beecher nominated at
the National Convention at Chicago,
because a large majority of them
would not expect to be gtiiner but
we ask solemnly, would it not be for
the good of our whole country to
have such a man at the head of the
Nation? Henry Ward Beecher as
the President of the United States
would iiive to the Nation that suc
cess and prosperity that Governor
Andrew nave to Massachusetts,
whose noble, patriotic, and Christian
life ami action elevated the State and
won the love and admiration of
the whole people, as was so striking
ly testified at his death and burial,
which is so feelingly and justly re
lated in the biography on our first
page. We would have at the head
of our Nation a man who would
make the Nation what Gov. Andrew
made Massachusetts, and although
we honor Gen. Grant for his great
and noble devotion to our Country
in her late strrjjriile. We would
much prefer a civilian to a chieftain
and we believe Henry Ward
Beecher would make a noble Presi
Messrs. McComas & Jeffrey are
.oon to start a Weekly Democratic
paper at La Grande, in Grande Ttonde
valley, tj be called the Sentinel.
-The Columbia river is now open
The Omoard has not yet been
able to reach Forest Grove, on ac
count of drift.
Mr. Chas. II. Woodard has pur
chased the store and stock of L.
Gross, druggist, Portland.
Hon. David Logan addresses
the Salem Union Club ou the even
ing of the 23d.
The Evening Bulletin advocates
" Railroad Precautions." Look out
for the Engine when the bell rings.
The Silverton school exhibition
which took place on the tth as pre
viously announced in this paper, was
a decided success.
The plan of holding precinct
elections, at which to select candi
dates for county officers, has been
adopted by the Democrats in this
The Pioneer oil mill at Salem,
is in steady and successful operation,
and will soon have all the flix seed
raised the last year worked up. It
is quite time our farmers were con
sidering the propriety of putting in a
crop of flax the present year, and we
hope to see a large amount raised in
different localities, that the experi
ment may be tested as to the value
and profit of flax culture in Oregon.
A Salem paper tells an anecdote
of Messrs. Jos. Holman and J. L.
Parrish; Mr. Holman, who had just
received a nomination for State Sen
ator, was saying (perhaps to make a
little capital,) that he cut the first
tree felled near Salem prairie. Mr.
Parrish, who was standing by added,
" Yes; and I made the axe you cut it
with Holman was not much ahead
Gii the pioneer question.
Our friends in Minnesota con
graiuiaie intmseivcs on Having an
open winter. They boast of having
had a railroad excursion there in Jan
uary. What have they to say when
we tell them hundreds of acres of
ground was plowed in February, in
Oregon, for sowing in March and
that now, in most towns and cities
here gardens were made, and some
plants in blossom. California can
not beat Oregon for mild climate.
The Herald says: " The only
disgraceful street bra a I which wfc
have ever witnessed in Portland was
a Sunday fight between the editor of
of the Orcgonian a young man
weighing about 200 pounds and
much older man, crippled in one
irrn, whose weight would not exceed
130 pounds" As this affair has
been alluded to several times by the
Democratic press says the Oregonian,
vie take this occasion to say in regard
to it that Jim O'Meara insulted the
editor of the Oregonian in the street
without provocation, and got spanked
for it, the very same treatment
which lieriah Brown would receive
under similar circumstances.
Mr. Wilcox, now having a
quartz mill put up at the Willamette
Iron Works for a lede in northern
daho prefers Portland as a place
to purchase such machinery, first for
the reason that contracts can be made
there at San Francisco prices, thus
saving freight and delay; that when
once a mill is built there it is more
convenient to order for repairs for
the mills in this district; that two of
the foundries there can and do ex
ecute maciiinery in as workman like
manner as at San Francisco, having
employed the most skilful and prac
tical mechanics, end usiug only the
best of matei ial.
Bro. Brown, of the Albany,
Democrat, has lost a purp. He de
scribes him thus: " Said canine
species was just six months, six
weeks, six days, six hours, six minu
tes and six seconds old by our gold
watch and chain; a masculine gender
of the strictest sex; didn't have ary
strawberry mark on his left arm;
large of his size; is a quadruped; will
be a purp till he arrives at his ma
jority; will eat meat and grub off of
the ground. Any one seeing said ec
centric animal will please call him
by his first or christian name (he
knows what it is.) and if he imme
diately responds in a respectful man
ner, and jumps up into your bosom,
places his left paw around your neck,
his right under your chin and his
nose just fernenst your ditto and
whines sagaciously he aiu't our
The La Crosse Democrat is a rc
lie able sheet. None doubt that. If
one lie isn't big enough it adds an
other. Lately it put Oregon down
as Democratic because this city elect
ed Hon. J. R. Kalston Mayor, last
year, on a Citizen's Ticket. Now
it claims that Oregon ttill oo Dem
ocratic why? Because Scio has gone
Democratic and "as goes Scio so
goes the State." The joke is that
somebody has badly bilked the bilk
Pomerov. He. calls the municipal
election at Scio, Oregon, "A Great
Triumph!" '"Every ward has given
increased Democratic majorities Sf'
The force of the joke can only be seen
by those who know what Scio is
little hasilet, not possessed even of a
town charter, aid never holding any
elections larger than a county pre
cinct. Scio is Democratic, however,
and Brn k sends one hundred and fif
ty copies of his "flaunting lie" among
'the Species" there, weekly.
We take the following telegraphic news
from dispatches to the Oregonian.
The Raliegb Convention adopted the
articles on suffrage by a large vote.
The Pennsylvania legislature endorsed
the impeachment of Andrew Johnson.
The Texas Constitution Carried, un
doubtedly. The political status of Texas and Al
abama were subjects of consideration on
the 9th in Congress.
Members of Congress who have can
vsied the House think the appropriation
to pay for Alaska cannot possibly get
The Secretary of the Treasury has re
fused to pay the Salary of Gov. Ballard, of
Idaho. The matter has been brought be
fore the Senate.
The Fenian scare at Victoria contin
ues, we wish some ln&n lirigaae wouia
drop in upon, and capture those Johnuies.
It would be so nice, you see.
The Florida Republicans have nomin
ated a State ticket. Presidential Electors ;
and appointed six delegates to the Chica
The Herald's special says the forth
coming statement of the public debt will
show a reduction of five or six millions of
gold in the Treasury.
The Republican majority In New
Hampshire will probably be 3.000. The
vote is the largest ever polled in that State.
The Legislature is largely Republican.
A storm has lasted several weeks in
the States, doing great damage. Rock
Island. Davenport. Cleveland. Toledo, and
parts of Michigan, were flooded.
The English schooner Mary Ann.vUh
a cargo of naptha and petroleum, was burnt
at Antwerp on Monday last. The captain
and crew perished.
The Irish and German immigrants, on
"Wards Island, N. Y., had a terrible row on
the Cth. The police were compelled to
shoot several before the disturbance was
The Republican State Committee pub
lishes the following canvass of the vote in
New Hampshire, on theseoend Tuesday of
March. Republicans, 3S,427; Democrats,
35,203; doubtful, 2,891.
A Republican was elected Mayor of
Portland Maine, by 1,500 majority it
shows a gain of S00 Democratic votes since
last spring, and 413 Republican gain since
Negotiations with the U. S. Govern
ment by arbitration,on the Alabama claims,
have failed in England. The neutrality
proclamation of May 17, 1SIJ1, has some- j
thing to do with this matter.
Geo. 11 Yickers has been elected IT.
S. Senator from Maryland, in place of P.
F. Thomas, who was denied a seat, in con
sequence of disloyalty. Yickers took his
seat on the 19th.
On the 2Cth Yates presented a memori
al of citizens of Utah, praying for the erec
tion of that Territory and Wyoming into
a State and the annexation of Idaho there
to. Referred to the committee on Territo
ries. Cen. Steaduian, one of Johnson's
" Hirelings in Louisiana, addressed the
Democratic State Committee in that State,
on the Gth, sustaining Johnson and indi
cating force as the only means of resist
It is reported that the United States has
made a proposal to the Turkish Govern
ment to build a fort at Marnazza, on the
Turkish-Asiatic coast, to be used as a port
for vessels of the American navv. The
Forte declines to grant the necessary con
cession for such purpose.
The counsel of Gem Thomas have de
cided to apply to the District Court for a
writ of quo Warranto for Stanton , to show
cause why he retains possession of the
War Oflice. No new devlopments. Gen.
Thomas lays his damages against Stanton
The estimated deficits of the Postal
Department for the next year afe $800.00&
We think this cannot be a fact, if the Post
master General is successful in forcing the
payment of drafts on Postmasters through
out the country, as shown by experiments
made in Oregon.
In Philadelphia on the 25th, at a large
Democratic meeting in the Eighth Ward,
strong resolutions were passed. One Col.
Le t her, said belore many days every
lamp post would be converted into a gib
bet tor the Republicans. We guess not
at least have heard of none such yet.
The Fenian prisoners captured recent
ly at Dungarrow, were offered pardon in
consideration that they would give their
parole to leave the kingdom. It is report
ed that the prisoners unanimously refused
to assent to this proposition. A double
guard has been placed around Newgate
where Burke, Casey and Shaw are confined.
Their trial has been set for next month.
On the Cth the Senate of the U. S.
proceeded with business connected with
th e impeachment. Judge Nelson admin
istered the Oath to the Chief Justice, af
ter which each Senator took an oath " to
do impartial justice according to the con
stitution and the laws" in the case. Sum
mons was issued for Andrew Johnson to
appear on Friday, March 13th.
The Tribune's New Orleans special
gives the proceedings of the Republican
Convention. It sympathizes with Con
gress, and reccommends the removal of
Hancock, and declares that they regard
cheers for Jeff. Davis and Hancock by
some men, sufficient cause for removal.
Hancock and Jeff. Davis were in the same
carriage riding together on the Cth.
The Times'' special learns from a reli
able source that Wade will resign his po
sition as President of the Senate in the
event of the conviction of Johnson, there
by leaving the office open either to a new
election by the Senate, or to the Speaker
of the House, who would become Presi
dent in the absence of auy Vice President.
Although this appears "sensational, the
source from which the information i3 de
rived warrants its publication.
There seems to be a determination
among the impeacbers in the Senate, to
press the trial of the President to a speedy
close. This is manifest in the manner in
which they curtailed the debate on the
rules for government of the Court, and the
pressure which they give to all matters
pertaining to impeachment' An idea of
the possible length of the trial has not yet
been expressed in the Senate, except by
Williams of Oregon, who said in debate,
that it could not be completed in two or
three days, but would probably take more
than a week.
Ask your neighbor to subscribe
fbr the EKTEP.rpisc.
"Weekly Commercial Review.
Enterprise Office, )
Oregon City, March 13th, 1S63. f
A private business letter received from
Charles Dimon, dated New YorkCity.Feb.
10th, 1868, gays of the Imperial brand of
flour : " Comparing prices quoted at San
Francisco, with the market here at present,
sales cannot be made without loss. Al
though a fair demand for home use exists
for California and Oregon flour, prices are
not obtainable over $14 per bbl. The
limited receipts of Western, and severe
weather, may reduce the stock so far that
later on, prices may reach a point to les
sen the loss on Isthmus shipments. The
high range of gold may induce shipment
to Europe, which, if to any magnitude,
Will also advance prices to a point that will
save a loss."
Here is a paragraph to which we ask
special attention from Oregonians : "There
has been full arrivals of your flour from
other parties, who find it a more desirable
brand to dispose of in this market than any
other, from the Pacific Coast. There is al
so a larger quantity via the Horn, held
here by speculators, of your brand, who
are only awaiting a movement, to close
' This," Mr. Dimon further says, ; ope
rates in a measure against fresh arrivals
being offered at much less prices than the
late Isthmus arrivals can sell for and save
a loss. The estimation of your brand, so
well established in this market, when first
received, has made it the leading article,
and the result is shown by the sale of it in
San Francisco, to come here. Your brand
will always sell at the highest prices, and
generally takes the preference in any state
of the market."
The Oregonian of Thursday says : The
Oregon brands of flour havejnot been re
cently quoted in the San Francisco com
mercial reports. If they have had occa-"
sion to report sales of Oregon flour, they
have nearly always quoted it " private.''
What could it mean ? A letter received
in this city by the steamer J. L. Stephens,
from San Francisco, says Imperial brands
are selling 12Jc per bbl higher than any
brand in the market. Other leading Ore
gon brands are doubtless selling quite as
well as the San Francisco brands. May it
not be that the plan of quoting sales of
Oregon flour, "private," is part of a gen
eral plan among jobbers to keep such
brands in the back ground? To prevent
buyers in other markets from learning that
there is flour superior to the California
brands? That, at least is a rational solu-
- tion of lie mystery.
Our San Francisco papers bring reports
of the condition of the markets there up to
the 2d of March. At that time there was
nothing of special importance transpiring
in grain shipments.
There is a prospect of a very brisk grain
trade with Australia.
In fruit there had been a slight change
apples were quoted at from $2. to $4.
per box. We have looked our files over
in vain to learn the average prices of any
Here at home there is a demand for
good butter, and poultry. Efcgs are low
er, and the supply is ciual to the demand.
The following prices are current to-day :
FLOUR Imperial. Standard, Monitor,
and Harding's brands SCfTr, Sti 50 bbl.,
outside brands $5 (MJfV? $5 50.
WHEAT Dull demand at 00o? 95 cts.
$ bushel. !
OATS The demand is .about equal to ;
the supplv. at -10c.
CORN MKAL $2 60($3 cwt.
FhHD Ground S25 ton ; Middlings
$20fr .$25 ; Bran $12.
FliUlT Given Apples rpx 50,75 c;
Dried Apples lb ext.oc; Dried Peaches
none ; Plums 10(7 12e.
CUUFD MEAT Rucori c) lb 10c(12c;
Hams lb 12c; Shoulders 5(7j,7c.
LARD In kegs 9 c; tins 10c.
EGGS 20c. doz.
BUTTER Ordinary- to prime lb 20
POULTRY Chickens doz $2 50(77 3;
tame Ducks 75c. pair ; tame Geese $2 50
pair; Turkeys $2 50(7 $3 ? pair.
GAME Grouse 50c. pair, or $3
do?!.; Pheasants. 40c. pair, or $2 doz!
VEGETABLES Potatoes bu. 25 cts
Onions 100 lbs $1 50 S2.; Beans' 100
lbs $5.5 50.
HIDES Salted cl lb 4i5c; dry 9 10
Flour Ranging from $0 00 to $7 00 r
Wheat Lots offered here are taken at
SI 00 to $1 10 bushel.
Bacon Sides. 9 10c; hams, i415c;
shoulders, C7c; Slock abundant:denland
Lard In tins. lOi lie; Kegs. 10c.
Butter Packed solid, 10 and 12c. In
brine, choice, 20 and 25c. Isthmus, 30
Eggs In good demand at 33c. $ doz.
Dried Fruits Apples, packed in new i
bbls 10c; Peaches, 12c. and 13c; Plums,
Sugar Islands. 12i(7?.13ie; SanFrancis
co C. 1U(7?15c. ; Crtished, in bbls. lGic;
half bbls.. 17c.
Syrup Heavy Golden, best brands,
Sl87c ; Island, in bbls., 35c.
Rice Hawaiian, 10 c ; China, No. 1,
Coffee Java. 27c ;v Rio. but little in
market, 22c ; Costa Rica. 23c.
Fish Salmon, bbls. $9 00; half bbls.
$5 00; Mackerel. $14 ; kits, 3 50; Cod-
Salt Carmen Island lfiO lb. sks 27 50 :
Dairy 50 lb. sks. S32 50: best Bay, 100
lb. sks. $25 ; 10 lb. sks, 18c j 5 lb; sks,
10c ; 3 lb. sks, 8c.
New Yokk, March 1 i th.
Flour Oregon $14 bbl.; California,
$12 25 $13 75.
Wheat Quiet at $3 20$3 25. The
latter for small choice lots:
Wool 2930 cents lb.
Hides Active at 18i19i for dry.
Colon Excited at 24e an advance.
Sax Fraxcisco Markets March 4th.
Flour Oregon Imperial, $7 02 i bbl;
California best brands, quotable at t7 50,
Wheat Fair to choice $2 CO $2 75.
Barley Steady at S2 15$225.
Oats Firm at $1 90$2 15.
Molasses as Food kor Stock. Molass
es, in years when the root crop is deficient,
is largely used for feeding purposes in
combination with straw or bay chaff.
Young growing cattle may be maintained
in a healthy, thrifty state, with no other
fod but the mixture thus prepared.
From one to two pounds of molasses per
day (according to the size of the animal)
d inted with a gallon of water to the
pound. In winter some hot water must be
used ; to be poured over a heap of hay or
straw chaff, at the rate of four bushels of
chaff to a gallon of the dilution, the heap
to be well turned over so that every bit of
the chaff is wetted. It is then allowed to
lie at least twelve hours belore being u3;d,
that the fermentation may take "place!
The cattle will eat the mixture with the
Utmost avidity, and. as I have said, thrive
upon it. Two pounds per head of any
kind of meal will, of course, add to its
feeding value. When hay is short it may
be given with safety to working farm
horses. I have not used it for this purpose,
but some of our largest farmers have done'
so. and report well of the result.
Elfish Gyr. of Cvintrg Gcnlcmin.
The St. Paul, Minnesota Press,
give3 a description of the route be
tween that poiut and our New Kus
siati purchase. The Press says:
,:The country contains plenty of
timber principally pine, hemlock and
cedar, and also large quantities of
coal, which the Indians burn in their
lodges, it being similar to PennsyU
vania coal. The land all along down
the southern strip is well timbered,
and has abundant streams which fur
nish the best of water powers. The
Inmber tra?e with California and
Oregon seems destined to be an im
portant one as well as across to
Asia, as it was necessary to ship im
mense quantities of telegraph poles
from the Pacific coast to supply the
Asiatic end of the line. Some por
tions of the country are dotted with
numerous lakes and occasional
marshes; others are richly supplied
with minerals, which have heretofore
not been worked for two reasons,
one being the difficulty of access, and
the other that nil precious metals
found, until the recent purchase, fell
to the royal treasury."
A New Orleans paper which has
not yet arrived at the conclusion that
free labor is more economical than
the slave system, thinks that we
should acquire Cuba, in order to re
organize her system of industry on
the same basis as that now prevalent
in the South by emancipating the
slaves. The paper overlooks the
fact that after annexation Cuban su
gar would be admitted duty free. It
also ignores two essential facts con
nectcd with sugar culture. One is
that the cane in Cuba is perennial,
grows from year to ear from the old
stalk w ithout replanting, which is not
the case i;i Louisiana. The second
is that in Cuba, the bejasse, or refuse
cane, from which the juice has been
pressed out, can be dried and used
for feul. These differences are the
reason why Cuba has the advantage,
over Louisiana, rather than the dif
ference in systems of industry.
The Jlocky Mountain Gazette does
not place implicit confidence in the
reports from Sweetwater. It says:
We all remember the very glorious
accounts winch were sent abroad last
winter from the Salmon river mines
by ferrymen, grocery keepers, mer
chants and owners of large numbers
of mining claims (in a horn) all of
which were wicked falsehoods, in
tended to humbug a large emmigra
tion to that region to replenish the
coffers of a set of Shy locks. The
same may be the case with Sweet
water. It is said the President will ap
pear in person before the Senate of
the United States, now a court of Im
peachment to try His Acc:deney, and
then wait the action of the Senate in
his defense to ftlnii; a demurrer, w hen
dismissal of the complaint and quash
ing ol the articles will be demanded.
The Idaho Statesman lias hoisted
the name of Grant for President, and
Hon. (Jeo. II. Williams for Vice
President. Colfax is yet our candi
date. Charley Hughes, the Engineer
who ran the Jenny Jones (n, from
Paget Sound in 1SG5, has been ar
rested For piracy.
Hill Beachy wants to run for
Congress in Idaho.
- The Democracy of Marion coun
ty have nominated Joseph Holman
for State Senator, and the balance of
the ticket is as follows: Representa
tives Den y, 15. F. Shaw, William
Waldo, B. E. White, Sylvester C.
Simpson; forSheiiff, Wm. Ilerren ;
for County Clerk, Daniel Murphy ;
for Treasurer. Louis Byrne. Owing
to the certainty of the ticket being
badly defeated, there were but few
aspirants and consequently but little
stife in the convention, says the Un
ionist. Gen. GrtAXT as a Wood Deal
er. G en. Grant, in his days of insig
nificance and poverty, used to furni-h
wood to the family of II. T. Blow,
hauling it himself. On a recent oc
casion Mrs. Blow attended one of the
General's receptions, and he greeted
her as follow "Mrs. Blow. I remem
ber yon well. What great changes
have taken place since we last met ?"
"Yes, General," remarked Mrs. Blow,
"the war' is over." "I did not mean
that,"' he replied ; "I mean with my
self. Do you not recollect when I
used to supply your husband with
wood, and pile it myself, and measure
it too, and go to his oflice for my pay?''
"Oh, yes, General, jour face was so
familiar in those days." "Mrs. Blow,
those were very happy days, for I was
doing the best I coukl to support my
Mathematics of the Human
Frame. The proportions of the hu
man figure are strictly mathematical.
The whole figure is six times the
length of the foot. Whether the form
i)e slender of plump the rule holds
good ; any deviation from it is a de
parture from the highest beauty it.
proportion. The Greeks ntade all
their statues according to this rule.
The face, from the highest point of the
forehead, where the hair begins, to
the chin, is one tenth of the whole
stature. The hand, from the wrist to
the middle finger, is the same. From
the top of the chest to the highest
point in the forehead is a seventh. If
the length of the face, from the roots
of the hair to the chin, be divided in
to three equal parts, the first division
determines the place where the eye
brows meet, and the second the place
of the nostrils. The heighc from the
leet to the top of the head is the same
as the distance from the extremity of
the fingers when the arms arc extend
At the residence of Moses Miller, on the
20th of February, bv S. J. Oakley, J. P.,
Mr. Jacob Bacer and Miss Caroline Miller
all of Clackamas county.
B. Cornelius' Select
The First Term will terminate on Friday,
27th inst. The second will commenced on
Wednesday, 6th of April next.
That the Classes may be organized
without loss of time, parents are requested
to send or accompany their children to the
school ou the first day of the term.
N. B. None received over fourteen years
of aip, (girls and some of the youths who
attended the first term excepted, Vbut to meet
the wants of older and more advanced stu
dents, evening clashes wilt be opened for
recitation only, the subjects of study to be
prepared at home. "2J.tf
lAte Iiftsnrsiiicc Co.
OF NEW YORK.
Assets Nearly $5,000,000 00.
Dividend to January 1st, 1807,
Dividend of 1S6G, 40 per cent. Cash.
rpiIIS LARGE DIVIDEND IS VERY
JL gratifying, and assures the polict hold
Kits that they will, in this curefidiy conductd
Company, obtain insurance at the lowest cost
consistent with tue safety of the insured.
SPEC I A L FIJA T URES
Policies lion Forfeiting,
After one l'aymcnt.
Credit Given for piri of
The Premium if Desired
Prompt Payment of Losses!
ZT All classes of Life and Endowment
JK Invariant New Features in
Dividends, and Jlodts of Insurance :
The following are examples of the opera
tions of the la.-t dividend. Policies issued
in lSi2 only four years prior to dividend :
Amount Premium Added Total
Age. Insured. Paid. to Policy. Amount,
in J 10,000 fl,2S0 $V7- $1.V.7'2
05 2,000 !,i2 2,8-13 1S4S
CO 7.500 7"$ 2;7uS lo.L'OS
25 7,000 71 2.5U5 J,505
This is an entirely new-plan, originating
with tins company, and gives insurers the
largest return ever made by any company in
the same period. All information, books,
blank Aplications, can be obtained from
C. P. FEKUY, Agent;
108 Front st., Portland, Oregon.
Da. A. L. Jli.is,
Dr. W. II. W'atkixs, f Medical Examiners.
Jon rriiNTixe; xEATtYKxEttT
ed at the ENTERPRISE OFFICE.
ADMINISTRATOR'S SALE 1
Notice is hereby given, that in pursuance
of the order of the County Couit of Clacka
mas county. State ot Oregon, made on the
.r,th da- of March, A. D. lbtiS, in the matter
of the estaie of Robert La very deceased, the
undersigned administrator of said estate,
will sell at public auction to the highest bid
der in cash for gold or silver coin o'' the
United States, in one parcel, and subject to
confirmation by said county courts on
Jfoiday the l-i'h Jay of April,
A. D. iS'JS, at tr.-o (2) o'clock P. M. of faid
day, at the Court House door, in Oregon City
Clackamas county, State of Oregon, all the
right, title, interest and estate of the Said in-
testate at the time of his death, and all the
right title and iiitei-jst thrt the Said estate
has by operation of law or otherwise aenuir-
ed, ottier than or in addition to that of the j
all that lot, piece or parcel of land, situate,
lvinn and beinu in Said count v and State. and
described ai loliows t Tc' wit T. 2 S. R. 1
K., being the south half of the south west
quarter of section seventeen (17). and north
half of north we.t quaiterof section twenty
VZ'.')i according to map and plats of United
States surveys, containing 1 acres, more
or less. Said land will be sold subject to the
dower of the widow of deceased therein.
Terms of sale One-third of purchase money
to be paid down on day of sale, balance oil
confirmation of sale bv said ceun'v court.
PT11 11' H' t IV T1
. , . ri, . V r i i
Administrator of the estate of Robert La very
The stockholders cf Ibe Oregon City
Printing and Publishing Company, are re
quested to meet at the office of Johnson &
McCown, In Oregon City, en
Saturday, the lilh day of March,
1S0S, at 7 1-2 o'clock P. M., for the purpose
of electing three Directors,
W. C. JOHNSON, Secret a rv.
Oregon City, March tth, 1 SOS. j20.lt.
North American S. S. Co.
OFF O SITIOX
To New York, via Panama !
rlilE NORTH AMERICAN STEAM
.. ship company will dispatch
The Elegant and commodious S.8.
JdSEni St'TTox Commander
From Mission street Wharf, San Francisco,
On WEDNESDAY, MARCH 25th.
One hundred lbs. Baygage, free.
An experienced Surgeon'on board.
Medicines and Attendance free.
i3TyA!l steamers of this Co. will hereafter
touch at Manraiullo, each way
passage at reduced rates.
Zt'r Passage tickets from Liverpool and
Qneenstown, bv the Liverpool and Great
Western Steamship Co.'s staunch and ele
gant steamships, at unusually low rates.
3T Passage from Bremen, Hamburg,
Southampton and Havre, by fust- class strs.
of the Noith German Lloyds, at low rates.
For further information apply to
I. W. RAYMOND, Agent,
N.W.cor Battery and Pine sts. up stnirs,
2o:td San Francisco,
L C . Fuller,
Pays the Highest Price for Gold Dust
Legal Tenders and Government securities
bought and sold. No. 10S Front st.,
xi.tf Portland, Oregon.
E3?To the Union voters of Gacl
amas county. The undersigned is a candi
date for Sheiiir, at the June election, and de
sires his friends to rally to his support.
I). II. GOOD.
BARLOW & FULLER, OREGON CITY,
have ou hand for sale, in lots to suit
FLOUR. Try it.
AUCTION AND COMMISSI
A. 12. iJIcIasirdsois
Corner of Front and Oak streets, Portland
Of Real Estate. Groceries, General Merchan
dise and Horses,
Every Wednesday and Saturday f
A. B. IiiciiARDsox, Auctioneer.-
AT PRIVATE SALE.
English refined Dar and Bundle Iron ;
English Square and Octagon Cast steel
Horse shoes, Files, Rasps, saws;
Screws, Fry-pans, sheet iron, Ii. G. Iron ;
A large assortmentofGroceries and Liquors.
A. L. Richardson-, Auctioneer.
W. A. ALORICII. J. C. MERRILL. JOHN JHCRAKB.V
SHIPPING, COMMISSION AND
GENTS OF THE CALIFORNIA,'
X Hawaiian and Oi ego Packet Lines.
Importers of San Quentin and Carmctt
Island Salt, Sandwich Island Sugars, Coffee
Rice, and Pulu.
Agents for Provost's &, Co.'s Preserved
Fruits, Vegetables, Pickles and Vinegar.
Dealers in Hour, Grain, Bacon, Lard k
Fruit, Lime, Cement and Plaster.
Will attend to the Purchase, Sale or Ship
ment of Merchandise or Produce in N-w
York, San Francisco, Honolulu, or Portland
ALDRICH, MERRILL & CO.,
Nos 204 and 20o California Street,
M'CRAKEN, MERRILL & CO.,
1 0 North Front Street, Portland.
Island Sugar and 31olassc7.
9 '")Q0 KEGS ISLAND SUGAR j
' 150 BBLS. ISLAND M0LAFSE5;
ex-Honolulu Packet, and for
sale by M'CRAKEN, MEHRlLi. & CO.
M ISC EL L A NEO US.
Mo! lor Svcclwsilcr!
gOLD OUT !
I wish to give notice to my late patrons
that 1 have disposed of my team and busi
ness to Mr. Wm. Newman, who will continue
the business, and probably give as gdod sat
isfaction as I did. to nil employers.
AH accounts remaining due must be
settled forthwith, as I am going east of the
mountains as soon as possible.
jf All persons having claims against me
will please present them for payment.
Bv virt-.ie of an Execution duly-Jssned
out of the Circuit Court of the StatVof Or
egon, for the county of Clackamas, in favor
of S. W. Moss, and against Joseph Magone,
for the sum of twelve hundred and eighty
five dollars, and interest at the rate of ten
per cent per annum from the 2!'th da of Oc
tober, lo'T, and the further sum oftwentr
Uvo dollars and sixty cents cost, and com
manding me to satisfy said execution out of
the property of said Joseph Magone, and
for want of personal property I have levied
upon Tha following described real estate to
wit : Ail that part of the north hall of claim
No. 8-")3, known as the Magone land claim, in
Clackamas county, State of Oregon, and
bounded as follows, to-wit : On the south by
the line dividing the husband's and wife's
part of said claim, on the west and north by
Rutte creek, and on the east by the easterly
line of said claim, being in sections 14, 1.
22 and 23, of Township h south range 1 west
of the Willamette meridian, and containing
70 acres more or less; and 1 will sell all the
right, title and interest of said Joseph Ma
gone in and to the same, at puDlic auction
to the highest bidder for cash in hand, on
Salurd.n, Apnl 4th A. D. 18G,
at Hie ('curt House door in Oregon Ci!vl(ti
. said County and State, at 1 o'clock P. M. of
1 suidjdav, to satisfy said execution and costs
j of sale." " Wm. P. LL'RNS,
1 20.4tJ Sheriff of Clackamas County,
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT of the State of
Oregon, for the County of Clackamas ss:
f ")0 cet. Revenue stamp. J i
George A. Pease, Administrator de lonit
in, of the estate of Robert Moore; deceased;
Jnitiiel II. .Ferguson, "I.eander IlolmcV
Robert Portland, V. S. Holland and George
A b e r u ;. 1 1 1 y , d e f e n d a n t s .
To ike ul-orr ntuncd deftdan!i t
In the nnrr-e of the State of Otegon, You
are hereby required to appear and answer
the coirplaiiil tiled against you in the above
n,,tti...i ..r.f s-i,-, . a .-.Tr... ... i. .i..,
' mum u .iLiivui mini mil uiu iiuiu 111c Ii4"
! of the service of tins summons upon vou, if
j served within the said conntv ; or, if served
j jn Jlnv otj1(.r coutv of this State, then with-
j in twenty aays irom tlie oato ot the service
ol tnis summons upon yon ; and it you 1 mi t
so to answer, for want thereof, the plaintiff
will apply to the Court for the relief deuiau
ded therein JAMES 15. UPTON,
15.01 Attorney for TUT.
The Co-partni:rsiiip heretofore
known as the lirm of Miller &. Pease, in
the lumbering business at Oregon City, is
this day dissolved, (November 25th; ls07,
by mutual consent. Those having claim
against said firm will present them to Sam'l
Miller for payment, and those owing the firnt
will please come forward and settle with
Samuel Miller, who is authorized to receive
and receipt. SAMUEL MILLER,
GEO. a. PEASFp
The business will be carried on in tliefu
tu re by Samuel Smith, who will furnish all
kinds of lumber, both rough and dressed;
and all kinds of fruit boxes on short notice
and at reasonable prices.
T.tf SAMUEL SMITH.
Estate of John Welch, Deceased.
"VTOTICE IS I1ERE15V GIVEN THAT the
ll undersigned has been appointed Aiz
ministratrix of the estate of John Welch, de
ceased, by the Hon. County Court of Clack
amas county Oregon. Therclore, all persons
having claims or demands against .said es
tate, will present the same to me, with prop
er vouchers for payment, at my rasidencein
Mohdlrti in said county, within six mouths
from this date. her
RARIJARA ANN x WELCH.
March 7th, .y;s. 20.4 1 mark.
IN THE U. S. LAND OFFICE at Oregon.
City, Oregon, Michael Feker vs. Perry
Michaels. Contest in relation to lot 2 of sec.
S, and lots 5 and i of sec. P. in T. 2 S R 1 E
To said Perry Michaels : 1 ou are hereby
notified that said Michael Feker has made
application to have your homestead entry on
the above described tract of land canceled,
and to be permitted to enter the same, alleg
ing that you Have abandoned said tract, aud
yon are further notified that
Friday the Sd day of April, lSGS,
at 10 o'clock a. m ., is Set for the hearing, at
the said laud ollice, at winch time and place
all parties interested will be afforded an op
portunity for a healing
OWEN WARE, Register.
HENRY WARREN, Receiver.
Feb. 21st, is,,3. ..I1-4--
1N THE U. S. LAND OFFICE AT OliE
gon City, Oregon. James A. Robbies-r
Antoine Lucie, V. D. Remington, llnry
Merrill, Thomas Price, and H. W. Reyw.
contest in relation to the South halt rf N L
quarter, and N half of ri K quarter, of sec
tion 31, T 2 S R 1 W.
To all the above named contestants: a
are hereby notified thai the above entitled
case is set for hearing at the said Land otlicc
On Saturday the 4th day of April,
1803, at the hour of 1 o'clock r. m., of sai
dav, at which time and place all parties
interested will be allowed a hearing.
Feb. mh, 1S0S.
OWEN WADE, Register..
HENRY WARREN. Receiver. IjjjL,
CONTRA CTOR and BUILDER
Main street, Oregon. City.
Will attend to all work in his line, con-sistiiK-
in part of Carpenter and Joiner worK
framing, building, etc Jobbing prompV
pOU SALE !
Lot 4, block -1. in this cityAppIr to
R. R. DeLASUM UT,' OewejCv