Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868, March 14, 1868, Image 1

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Vo. 21.
Vol. 2.
LI 1 1
!)c lUcckln enterprise.
. r ttj-PT. A TT T
; , IS y U . O . xn-"---'
. Ita - ... .i. . a .... .r nf Vivti! n nit
h M . rv streets, in the building lately known
i- ." . ti lirtJimn
as the Court House, Oregon City, Oregon
Terms of Subscription.
One copv, one year in advance.
" " ' il delayed. .
. . . -4 00
Terms of Advertising.
Transient advertisements, per square
( i lines or less) first insti tiun . . .i- -'')
Fur each subsequent insertion I oO
Uusiiicss Cards tme square per annum
pavahle quarterly .12
One "column per annum l-'J "0
One half column " ' eo
tlue quarter " " , ,V V " , ' ,'"
l.eiral advertising at the established rates.
Dr. F. Barclay, Ifl. R; G. L.4
(Formerly Surgeon to the Ilwu. II. 1. Co.
OFFICE: A t JitehUnce,
Main Street Oregon City.
Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur.
OFFICE Comer of Vu.-diington and Front
streets, l'urrish's Cluck, t'oi tlaud, Oregon.
KBSIDESCE Washington street, between
Fourth and Fifth streets. pi-'.ly
0. P. MASON,
Attorney axd Counselor at Law,
10'J Front St., Portland, Oregon.
V Court in the State or Wur-hintmi
Teriitorv. Including business under the
Bankrupt Raw. S7:lv
Attorney and Counsellor at Late.
V business entrusted to his care,
Ot ricK One door north of Rell & Parker's
Pru.; store, Oregon City, Oregon. 0:1-
j7 WE L. CII ,
J'ermaacnlly LocuUl nl Or yon City, Oreyvn.
Rooms with Dr. S.ilf.irans, on Main street.
.Votary I'uhlU- ni.d Cm.
Attorneys and Counselors at- Law,
ro iciL a d , on re x .
OFFICE Ott Alder street, in Carter's
N'triv I'.iitk Rlock.
I'. O. l CuU'X.
AV (;v j'H!.ll
on i-: ( ; o x c i t o he ; o x .
Zj Will attend to all busi:
enl rusted
i . our rare m a.iv of the Courts of the State. I
.. licet monev, uegoiiale loans, sell real cs- !
t if etc. " '
''?" Particular atteution giv -m to contested
1 md cases. 1 .' I
J . U MITCUKI.L. J. X. UOt.ril. A SV.lTil.
Mitchell, Dolpk & Smith,
Attorneys and Coun&eUors at Law,
Solicitor in Chancery, and Proc
tors in Ad mi rally.
-7"():lice o-er the old Post O dice, Front
street, Portland, Oregon.
Oregon City, Oifoii.
Otlice ia Charman's Rrick Rlock, up
Justice of the PCUCC it City Recorder.
f .i -i . u i ru..
Vilice III Uie ooun iiouse auu vty :
Council ltoom, Oregon City
Will attend to the acknowledgment of j
leeds, and all other duties app el taining to !
tne otltce of Justice ot the 1 e.ue.
Attorney and Counselor -at-Law, '
Oregon City, Orcyon.
., . -T, f r- I i lll.l IIUUL i HI'. lll'IM llllHIH)'lllli.T 111 II1C
l-t7 Olnce over the store of I one .t Co., , s,utc liewK. nirnj5hed. anil it ,vU, ,)e the en
Mam street. ! deavor of the proprietor to make his guests
x'nTxr" ' I comfortable. The Raggage Wagon will al-
C. A. D0LPII, I ways be found at the iandng on trie arrival
of steamships aud river boats, carrying bag
AtTORSEY AND CoUNSELI.Cn AT-LAW, ! gage to the house free of charge. lT.iy
7 Office 105 Front street, Portland, Ore
gon. (I'i.'jin
(Late Feriy .t Foster
Bs ne. 2i :ec. imz scr.
No. l'js Front street, Portland.
n !
Agent .North Lntlsli and Mercantile j
Insurance Company.
And Manhattan Life. Insurance Co
V l.onfis, aim neai i.siale Ootl
sold on Commission.
Nv- to SMITH ,t M.iliSlIALL,
Rhtck Smith and Wan Maker,
Corner of Main and Third streets.
Oregon Cit v
. Oregon.
Rlacksmithing in all its branches. Wagon
making and repairing. All work warranted
to give satisfaction. '-i:'
Vt irv City Dravnian,
All orders for the delivery of merchatidise,
or packages and freight id whateve" descrip
tion, to any part of tne city, will be executed
promptly and w ith care. JC.rtm
Established since IV,'.', at the old stand,
Main Stueet, Outcox Citv.
An assortment of Watches. Jew
elry, and Seth Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which are warranted
to be as represented.
Repairing done on short untied
tad tiiankful for past favors. (Z7
No. 45 Front st., Portland Oregon.
1'ubacco, Ciyars, Sauf, Stationery,
Yankee Notions, and To vs.
Orders prornr,'r t f r -1 T to, i t tf
Green Street Oswego, Oregon.
Post Muster and. JJe aler in
Groc l ies, "Wines ami Liqtioi s !
Henry Cans, Proprietor.
The proprietor of the above saloon wishes
j to inform his friends and the public in gen
j era I that he is now ready to accommodate
them with the best of Liquors, Beer, Wines
j & Cigars. ANo agent for the sale of Hum
i bel's Oregon City La.ner Betr.Cream Alo etc.
I Z'-- f" Orders promptly attended to. lii.
JOHN SCI1ADE -. .Proprietor,
IS. now prepared to receive and entertain
ail who may favor him with their patron
age. The House is New and the Rooms are
Newly and Neat'v Furnished. The Table
will lie supplied with all the delicacies of
the season. The House is situated near the
steamer landing. The proprietor will at all
times endeavor to give entire suti:-factiun io
all who may favor him with a call, and
would respect fully solicit the pa'ronaire of
the Traveling Public. "il:tf.
Hoard per week o
Hoard and Lodging G "0
Single Meals fiO
McLaughlin House-
Main street, (opposite the Woolen Mills,
(Jrcgnn City, Oregon.
This is the most commodious Hotel
in the city. Newly furnished, andjust open
lor the reception of guests.
Ii'" It will be the endeavor of the Propri
etor io make his ir nests comfortable. li'Mf
New Columbian Hotel,
Nos. 11, 120 and 1 Front St.,
1'OKTl .VXD, O'lI.OO.V.
P. B. SINN0TT, Proprietor.
The largos'", best, and most convenient
hotel in Purtland Located in the center of
bu-incss, and near all the steamer landings.
Can accommodate six hundred persons.
At Reduced Rates !
Hoard and Lodging, per day, from 1 "" to
il .ro according to the room occupied,
and ehetjier by tUe week. uits of
Rooms, and superior accommoda
tions for families. A good die
proof sale, for use of giants.
2 Z?" Hotel Omnibus, with the name of the
Hotel on it, will be at the landings on the
arrival of steamers, and will convey passen
gers and baggage to and lrom this hou I tree
of charge. W arm and cold Raths. j xi.'i
V ii a t C ii e e n House
Nos. li'a, liis and ISO Front street,
1'OUTI.ANO, Oiltljil.N.
I mi un.lorstgneu liuviug taken tins we --
known house, solicit increas.-d pat roiuu-o
b fc'"' the traveling public. The House has
lately b . rcHtied, and the proprietors are
now able to offer additional inducements to
their patrons. The table wiil be furnished
with the bet market affords, and be under
the immediate supcrv is ion of the proprietors
Rooms well furnished and well ventilated.
A largo tire-pi-oof safe for the deposit of
valuables. Raggage taken to the hotel free
of charge. Board per week -?" oi.i
Board and lodging " ... .' to s U0
(According to the room occupied.)
Nothing will be left undone, which is in
the power of the proprh tors to render guests
comfortable. LYONS, LEONARD ib).,
xi.'i! Proprietors.
Fot: t'i..v t). Okkuox.
Corner of First and .Morrison streets,
TIu best and most comfortable Hotel in the
r.t.. nl t t. -t, i-fi,t ij . i . 1 ii-i it. t..a
Uluj cheerfully supplied. Warm and
cold Raths attached to the house.
This Hotel is located near the steamship
h.intlin r. The I()tcl (:a(.h be iu ut
tendance at all the Landings, to convev
l"l" '-c a o
l-oiisc .1 cC ol ci.ai
passengers and baggage to and from the
II'L' e.
xi.tf Proprietors.
Vo. s t l-v
L. 1'. V. (H'IMIIY, l'itonmaon,
Late WioUrn I Lid.)
;.r Main
Xorly CrrosUe
Main Street,
IIuC'Jch Factory,
Oregon City. Oregon.
We invite t'necitizeiis of Oregon Citv, and
the traveling tmblic. to give us a share of
their jiatroiiage. Meals can be lulu at nil
hours, to please the most fastidious. llo
Notice to the Public.
T 11 AYE this d ly closed the Rarlow House
j X in favor of tl;e Cliii' House, llopo my
; old customers will give their libtval patron
age to the above well kept house. They
will tin.l .Messrs. White A Rhoades always
oa hand to make guests comfortable.
Oregon City. Ammst t'!iAUL'V
Oregon City.
JACOB BOEHM, Proprietor.
UEDfCTIOX i. riiiccs:
The undersigned wishes to dve notice
that from Saturday, October :uh, ,"s,;7, pi ices
at tne above hou-e will be as follows :
Roaid and Lodging per week... .' 5 Oo
Board without bodging ""' 4 ,'',
Board and Lodging per dav. . 1 l)
. JACOB ROlillM.
Oregon City, Oct. Sd, ls(;7. ooaf
Two doors south of the old Court House,
Front street, Pot tland, Oregon.
W. N. Pation Pi ojirietor.
Single meals, 25 cents Beds, 3 cents.
This house is newly fitted, aud furnished
in the best style. iiia'-m
Fred. Muller,
The Original Paxaralta
fTN Begs to announce to Lis old
j customers and the public, that
ViG IIi3 New Restacrant,
Two doors from Alder, on First street, Port
land, is now open.
OyMcis. Came, Chops, etc.- " -
The nights they come and the nights they
And the rosy twilights round them lie
And the stars are bright and the stars are
And I sit in the silence and watch them
meet ;
Cat all the while the heart beats love,
For the moon is out of my sky !
The seasons come and the seasons go
Spring so gay. and Winter so drear
And I sit in the light of the golden hours,
And pick the blushing aud beautiful
flowers ;
But all the while my heart beats low,
For the May is out of my year!
The mornings come and the mornings go
Yellow and purple, crimson aud gray
And the milk maid sings as the calls her
And the farm lad whistles the while he
plows ;
But all the while my heart beats low,
Fur the lark, the lark is away !
The rain descends, and the gardens grow,
And the camomile makes green her bed.
And the bushes are full as bushes can hold
Of bells of silver and globes of gold ;
But all the while my heart beals lov,
For the rose, the rose she is dead '
The tides they ebb and the tides they flow,
And the sun shines more than the storm
can frown.
And the ships with their while sailsilowing
Like a forest of silver cover the sea ;
And all the while my heart beats low,
For the one good ship gone down !
Alice Cary.
Into the ward of the whitewashed walls,
Where the dead and the dying lay
Wounded by bayonets, shells and balls
Somebody's darling was borne one day.
Somebody's darling .' so youn
and so
brave l
Wearing still on his sweet, pale face,
Soon to hi! hid in the dust of the grave,
The lingering light of his boyhood's
Matted and damp are the curls of gold
Kissing the snow of that lair
brow ;
Pale are the lips of delicate mold
Somebody's darling is dying now,
Rack from the beautiful, blue-veined brow
Brush its wandering waves of gold ;
Cross his ha mis on his bosom now
Somebody's darling is stilland cold.
Kiss him one; for somebody's sake.
Murmur a prayer soft and low
Ono bright curl from its fair ma'e take
They were somebody's pride, you know: j audience beyond measure. It must
Somebodv's hand hath rested there . i .i . ,i
- l' be borne in mind that this was a
as it a mother's soft and white ? . .
r.- i,,,-. ft, ii c . great victory", as the Jliiteras was a
Or nave the lips )i a sister fair "
Been baplized iu those waves of light? ,jeHvi,'r sl,'P' :nu in CVlMT Other re-
i spect equal, if not superior, to the Al
God knows best! He was somebody's love; j ubamiU But not withstanding his suc
Somcbody s heart en.-hrincd there : . . ,
Somebody wafted his name above
Night and morn, on the wings of prayer;
Somebody wept when he marched Jwav!
Looking so handsome, brave and grand!
Somebody's kiss on his forehead lay
Somebody clung to his parting hand.
Somebody's watching and waiting for him,
Yearning to hold him again to her heart:
And there he lies with his blue eyes dim,
And the smiling, child-like lips apart.
Tenderly bury the fair young dead
Pausing to drop on his grave a tear ;
Carve on the wooden slab o'er his head
'"Somebody's darling slumbers here."
I've l;c;n tUliiking or Ho Gooil tit
one Ancthtr."
I've been thinking, I've been thinking,
What a glorious world were this.
Did folks mind their own business more,
And mind their neighbors' less.
For instance, you and I. my friend,
Are sadly prone to talk
Of matters that concern us not,
And others' follies mock.
I've been thinking, if we'd begin
To mend our own a flairs,
That possibly our neighbors might
Contrive to manage theirs,
Yv'e've JauUs enough at homo to mend
It may be so with others ;
It would seem strange, if it were not,
Since ail mankind are brothers.
Oh ! would that we had charity
For every man and woman
Forgiveness is the mark of th(se
ho know to "err is Jiuman."
Then let us banish jealousy
Let's lift our fallen brother,
And as we journey down life's road,
" Do good to one another."'
Fiendish A fiendish outrage was
perpetrated at a tavern near 13 rem
ton,, Canada, on the night of January
A iran recovering from an at
tack of delirium tremens was lying on j
the floor in front of the fireplace, when
some voting men laid s-havings around
his body and burned him to death.
Steam Yacht.- A steam yacht 50
f -et in length and built in New York
for II. S. Piatt of San Francisco, ar
rived last Tuesday on board the City
of New York. It wiil be used as a
pleasure boat on the bay, and is the
first of her class ever brought to this
Eden. A little boy in New Bed
ford, in giving an account to his broth
er of the garden of Eden, said : "The
Lord made a gardener and put him
in the garden to take care of it ; and
to see that nobody hurt anything or
posted bills on lUe trees."
Semmcs delivered his lectures on
the Cruise of the Alabama', in Lex
ington, Kentucky, lately. The edi
tor of the Statesman, loyal paper of
that city, attended, and thus records
his impressions;
"As he progressed with his sub
ject, we wondered how it was possi
ble that, under a Government like
ours where the people are oppress
ed, trodden down and trampled un
der foot ; where there is no freedom
of speech or liberty of the press a
man could stand before an American
audience and use such daring utter
ances as came from the lips of the
distinguished Admiral. Why, he
spoke of the vessels constituting the
American marine as ' ships belonging
to the enemy,' as glibly as if we had
just closed a war with some foreign
power, and he had just returned from
a cruise upon its coast. And then,
how his eves sparkled, in describing
the capture of a merchant or whaling
ship, whtn he uttered the words:
' We applied the torch !' It was no
ble, grand, ' chivalrous.' Besides, the
Admral never interfered with private
property as did ' Sherman and his
bummers' not he! lie overhauled
an outward bound California steam
er, mistaking her for one homeward
bound, with a million or two of gold
on board; but as the slnn was only
freighted with men, women ami child
rest, (some five hundred in all) and
not gold, he was greatly disappointed.
As it was, however, the passengers
had a considerable amount of monev
to pay their traveling expenses; but,
although., according to the laws of
war, the Admiral had a perfect right
to seiz3 it all, he magnanimously re
trained from despoiling the pissen
gers. Had he acted like 4 Sherman
and Isis bummers' in their march to
the sea, he would have taken the last
dollar; but the Admiral never inter,
fen'd with private property! The
leetcrer's description of the fight be
tween the Alabama, and the gunboat
Jfattrras, which resulted in the sink- j
ing of the latter, was extremely iira,di-
ic, and delighted his wry attentive
s ,"1 ""'f'"". y umi
ral was too cautious to risk smother
1 ht, wil'1 il Ya,nkee P- .Jt W:ls
woiuiv oi remain to note witn what
delicacy the lecturer referred to the
attack, death and burial of the fa
ntons Alafsiirna ; and we were much
enlightened by the contrast between
his own magnanimous conduct and
that of Captain Winslow of the Near
sarye, who permitted one-third of
the Alabama's crew to drown, in not
using proper means to save them.
Iut, the lecturer forgot to tell us
that lie himself preferred that any
body else should save him than Cap
tain Window, or his men.
These lectures, delivered in the
Southcren States, will have a most
salutatory effect. Union men will be
made to feel that they have acted in
a most dastardly manner in not per
mitting the heroes of the South to
sweep through the country 1'cke a
whirlwind, to plant the Confederate
flag upon the battlements of the na
tion, and to proclaim Jeff. Davis
Emperor, and ilaphael Semmcs Lord
High Admiral. The hearts of those
who fought against the Union will
thrill with renewed patriotism, and
will leap with joy at the recollection
that they assisted in the attempt to
destroy this despotic Government;
they will likewise rejoice that they
had a sea captain who could apply
the torch to an unarmed merchant
ship with as much indifference as he
would sit down to breakfast, and yet
re-pect private property even watch
es, chronometers and 'spoons.' "
Wife Murder. Paul M. Burke,
of Bennington, Yt., shot his wife on
the night of January 22J, firing five
shots at her, four of which took effect.
Slip nrnl.nldtf Pfoinor. livn lift was
enraged at her for procuring a divorce
from him.
Poisoned. Several families in
Newport, H. I., have been poisoned
recently by eating " scollops " that
had been cooked after they had been
frozen and thawed again. Physicians
say this shell fish, under such circum
stances, is very apt to be poisonous.
Shrewd. ' I don't think, indeed,
that you are very smart " "No, in
deed, wif-, but every body knows that
I am awfully shrewd."
A farmer in Wisconsin raised
S27en acres of hops last season, and
mcde a clear profit of seven thousand
1 dollars.
Hoisted by Ilia Ouu Petard.
A Philadelphia paper tells or rath
er lets the hero of the incident tell
of a German watch-maker in that city,
vht, hearing of frequent burglaries,
concluded to fortify his store against
the gentry who work with skeleton
keys -find crow bars. The watch-maker
said :
"I hears much things apout de
all a'vile ; hears they preaks stores
into 'em very much. Yell, I dinks I
vixes 'cm, so that the nex dime they
goomes to my store, py tarn, they no
gum. I puys a pig horse piztel, nut
I vassens it mit the floor, with the
jnoozle point in to the toor. So den
I runs a string from the trigger up
mit der wall unt down mit der toor,
so ven Ir. Purglar opens himself mit
der toor, vy, it he ploze de tarn brains
out of de p:ztel, v y den you see, I
can't help it, don't il ? That's vot I
Last night I left the toor pointing
at the tuoozle of the biztel mit two
bullets in it, unt goes out to drink
some lager mit del" boys. 1 some
times trink too much lager. Fell 1
can't help it. I bores mjzelf into
more ash dwenly zixteen klass Ia;;er
unt then 1 koes home. Yen I pass
mine store I dinks I petter ash look
in unt see if nothing bese all right.
That is right, don't it? If it don't I
ain't can help it.
Yell, mit so many classes of me in
der lager i forgit apout der boss biz
tel unt der toor, bointing at der moo
sel, unt ven 1 makes open mat tor
tcor, bang by tarn, I yoost gets a
pullet mit mine elbow unt antidder
pullet gets mine hat through it all
the vile ! Yost 1 sart 1 Yell, if i
vos I can't help it. You'd pe scart
yourself, aiut it ?
I yoost throw awny the boss piztel
unt I never sets no more draps for
pu rglars so long as 1 can't help it. So '"
Keep Cool. Belter not speak at
all than speak under the promptings
of passion alone. J will relate an an.
ecdote illustrative of this point, in
eonversation with Mr. K 1 of the
city of IJ , a few weeks ago, he
related to me the course ne pursued
in collision between himself and one
of his neighbors. This neighbor ac
cused him unjustly and falsely ; and
that, too, in a most provoking way.
His first impulse was to retaliate in
the same spirit, but his better nature
predominated aud he made r:o reply.
Two or three days afterward he met
his neighbor, but concluded that pas
sion was too strong in him to lmzard
an explanation. ITe resolved within
himself to wait, if it required years,
until he should get the mastery over
himself, ?o that he could tell that man
the exact truth and the whole truth,
and command his respect. This
point he at length reached. He felt
that he was cool had got the victo
ry over himself. And then he replied
to his neighbor in perfect frankness,
telling him the truth in such a way
that he quailed before him. Thus
rather than give offense, or rather
increase offense, he said nothing, but
trasted to time and patience. This
was the belter wav.
Yeiiy Nice. A lady says the first
time she was kissed she felt like a tub
of roses swimmirgiu hone-, cologne,
nutmeg antl cranberries. She felt al
so asifsomething was running through
her nerves on feet of diamonds, escort
ed by several little cupids, in chariots
drawn by angels, shaded with honey
suckles, and the whole spread with
melted rainbows.
Oed Maids. There are 1,500,000
old maids in England and Wales.
Sad to say, one third of the number
cannot hope to marry, as there are
not men enough to go round. Of
every one hundred women in England,
eighty-five are wives, thirtynine are
spinsters and three are widows. The
old maids are more numerous in high
life than in low.
Co operating. Robert Tyler, son
of the ex-President, is editor of the
Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser, arid
iu which office, an Eastern paper says,
" his beautiful and accomplished
daughter, Letitia Christiana Tyler,
is engaged in setting type."
Ncmekocs. Bradford Macomber
of Taunton, Mass., w ho died intestate
not long since, without wife or issue,
left $44,000. It was inherited by his
cousins, who, hunted up, number just
44, getting S 1,000 each.
Outcasts. The number of infants
thrown away hy their parents and
picked up ia the street of New York
last year, was 1,723, of which number
749 now fill the children's nurseries
.on Randall's Isltcd.
WORK cojuiexced:
The following paragraphs, from
the Portland papers received on the
Gth, speak for themselves:
The Herald says: We have heard
a great many diverse and confl ctiiiir
reports about a railroael project, gen
erally designated as the Perine
road,'' which contemplates a direct
road from here to Salem, principally
on the east side ot the river. We elo
not postively know whether tins
project has any substantial basis or
not; and from some of the names
heretofore associated with -it, we
confess that our confidence has not
been greatly strengthened. But the
indications which we see. unmistaka
bly mean business. Directly oppo
site the window where we write, we
see a very fine looking gentleman, tf
considerable reputation as a railroad
engineer, preparing his plans and
giving his directions to a corps of
apparently competent assistants, ali
sent here, as we are credibly inform
ed, to commence an immediate sur
vey, and as soon as practicable there
after, to commence the vigorous con
struction ef the road. A director of
the company a gentleman whose
word none of our best business men
would questieni in an' business trans
action informs us that it is the in
tention of the company to put in
operation not less than thirty miles
of the road within the comiri'jr sea
son, and to push on the work to Sa
lem and from thence up the Valley
at the same rate of speed, and that
the means to accomplish the work
are confidently relied upon. He
also informs us that half a milliem of
dollars have already been invested iu
railroad iron and other material for
this road, and that two vessels laden
with that iron had arrived in San
Francisco the last within the past
two days. These facts were com
municated to us in no baosting man
tier or with any apparent view to
notoriety. If all this smoke is with
out any fire, it is ine-omprehensible.
we can imagine from the circum.
stances of the case no motive for de
eeption. The management of the
p reject is placed in the hands of
sotnw of our most responsible cit izens,
none tf whom, so far as we can learn,
have as yet been called upon for n
dollar. If persons from abroad send
us half a million of dollars iu rail
road iron, a corps of engineers under
a well known and competent cliief.and
put the whole matter under the di
rection of citizens in whose integrity
and business capacity the people
have confidence, we know of no rea
son why we should discredit the un
dertaking or epiest ion its source. It
may be that our citizens will be call
ed on to contribute to the enterprise.
It would be very singular if they
were not, for it will be vastly more
to their ben fit than those) foreign
capitalists who invest their money in
it; but of any such design we are not
informed. We do not seek to know
how or where the means were raised,
or what motive actuates the projec
tors. We are only highly gratified
at what we see and hear of its pros
pects. The Orrsron'ian says: Mr. T. R.
Brooks Chief Engineer tf the Ore
gon Central liaiiroad, and his as
sistants, began the work yesterday
morning ef making the preliminary
surveys The first stake was driven
on the bank of the river, near the
Bone yard, and in a line produced by
Third street, and then the engineers
proceeded up Ttiinl to the centre of
Main, taking distance, and acclivity,
etc. From Third street they pro.
ceeded down Main to the river and
hy observation fixed a point on the
East bank in line with the centre of
Main street. The river at this place
was four.d by triangulation to be
1,834 f et wide. A partial examin
ation of the river bottom, determines
that it is of clay and gravel compo
sition, both materials being fivora
ble for bridge foundations. The stir
vey'mg party will next start from the
East bank opposite Main street, and
proceed with an examination of the
country toward Oregon City. Noth
ing, of course has beer, yet determined
as to where the depet will be located,
or wheie the river will be crossed.
A doz -n or more places may be ex
amined and then the most practica
ble, all things considered, will of
ctuirse be adopted.
The Bulletin says: The railroad
engineers who arrived on the lat
steamer for the purpose of surveying
a route for the Ferine ec Elliott rail
road, commenced work this morning.
Their instruments were first set at
the foot of Main street, in this c-ify,
it being but a few feet above the
highest water mark. After faking
an observation anel determining the
point of their departure, they crossed
the river and proceeded with the
work. We learn that they intend
making several surveys in order that
they may determine the shortest and
most practicable route. Quite a
number of persons were present at
the commencement, and a general
interest was manifested.
Not Suffering. The London
Times lost 5,000 subscribers last year,
and did not make so much coney by
0,000 as in 1SCG. But then its
profjtsjn that year were .700,000,
er nearly 5,000,000 in greenbacks,
so it is not in a suffering condition.
Queries. "Are our girls fitted for
i wives?'' queries a sober eschange.
"Are they fitted for haibtnds V re
tjrts a yo'jxg itemier.
KIcniorable Women of America.
Mrs. Helm. The horrors of the
massacre at Chicago, in August,
1SI2, are too familiar to require us
to recall them to the minds of our
readers. Amid the slaughter of that
dav one ladv. Mrs. Helm, wife of
Second Lieutenant Linai T. Helm,
displayed such courage and 6uch ex
alted heroism as to entitle hr to a
place among our memorable women.
When the Pottavvatamie-s, treach
erous escort of the blinded party un
der Captain Ileald, turned upon the
party, Mrs. Helm was in the midst
of the fire, and calmly awaited the
result Uubke her, the surgeon of
the party, Doctor Voorhes, was filled
with terror. Seeing Mrs. Hehn,
near, he said, in great alarm:
" Mrs. Helm, do you think they
will take our lives? 1 am badly
wounded, but I think not mortally.
Perhaps we can purchase safety by
offering a large reward. Do you
think,"' continued he, " there is any
chance? '
" Doctor Voorhes,'' replied Mrs
Helm, " let us not waste the few mo,
ments which yet remain in idle or
id-founded hopes. Our fate is in
evitable. We must soon appear at
the bar of God. Let us make such
preparations as are yet in our
power.' :
" Oh!1' said he, "I cannot die. I !
am unfit to die! If I had a short
time to prepare! Death oh! how
At this moment, Ensign Roman
was fighting at a little distance with
a tall and portly Indian; the former,
mortally wounded, was nearly down,
and struggling desperately upon one
kne. Mrs. Helm, pointing her fin
ger, and directing the attention of
Doctor Voorhes thither observed:
" Look," said she, " at the young
man; he dies like a soldier.''
" Yes," sai J Doctor Yooi hes, " but
he has no terrors of the future; he is
an unbeliever."
A young savage immediately
raised his tomahawk to strike Mrs.
Helm. Siie sprang instantly aside,
and the blow intended for her head
fell upon her shoulder. Siie there
upon seized him around his neck, aud
while exerting ali her efforts to get
possession of his scalping-knife, was
sc;zed by another Indian, and dragged
forcibly from his grasp.
The latter bore her. struggling and
resisting, toward t lie Jake. Not
withstanding, however, the rapidity
with which she was hurried along,
the recognized, as siie passed, the res
mains ef the unfortunate surgeon,
stretched li'cless on tjie prairie.
She was plunged immediately into
the water, and held there, notwith
standing her resistance, with a for
cible hand. She shortly, however,
peiceivcd that the intention of her
captor was not to drown her, as he
held her iu a position to keep her
head above tiie water. Thus reas
sured she looked at him attentively,
and, in spite of his disguise, receg
:ozed the " white man's friend,"
Black Partridge.
When the firing had ceased, her
preserver bore her from the wafer
and conducted her up the sandbank.
It was a beautiful day in Augu-t.
The heat, however, of the sun was
oppressive; Mid walking through the
sand, exposed to its burning rays, in
her drenched condition; weary and
exhausted by tffoi ts beyond lit r
strength; anxious, bt-yond measure,
to learn the fate of her
alarmed for her own
was one t f agony.
her situation
The battle having ended, and the
p-isoneis being seeuivd, the latter
was conducted to the l'ottawataiii e
camp near the fort. Here the wife
ot Wnu-bce-nee-mah, an Illinois
chief, perceiving ihe exhausted con
dition of Mrs. Helm, look a kettle,
ami dipping up some water ftoui the
stream, which flnved sluggishly by
tin in, threw into it some maple su
gar, and stirring up with her hand
gave her a (trink.
It was." says Mrs. II el
'' tic
mo-t delicious draught I had ever
taken, and her kindness of manner,
amid so much atrocity, touched my
Her attention, however, was fooh
directed to other objects. The fort,
after the troops had marched out.
became a scene tf plunder. The cat
tle were shot down as they ran at
large, and lay dead or wire diug
around her.
Most of the wounded prisoners
were butchered. Tne un wounded
remained in the wigwams of iheir
captors. The work of plunder beino-
complete, the fort next day was set
on lire.
Captain and Mrs. Ileald, after be
ing exposed to man' dangers, were
taken to Detroit, where they were
finally exchanged. Lieutenant Helm
was wounded in the action and made
prisoner. He was afterward taken
by some friendly Indians to the Au
bable, and thence to St. Louis,
where he was liberated from caotivi'v
through the intervention of an In-
dian trader, nan.ed Forsyth. Mrs
Helm, who suffered from a severe
wound in the ankle, was taken to
Detroit, where she was exchanged
She lived for many years after her
tnruang adventures.
Mrs. Pollhrd, wife of the author o
'The Lost Cause,'' has made her de
but on tbc dramatic stage in Baki-
X Doctor ot" IKviuity on the OUjti v
mice of the Sa.blatU.
Trt O weeks ago, Dr. Stebbins, of
San Francisco, preached there, as
by announcement, on Sunday laws.
His text was fromt. Mark, 44 '
Son of Man is Lord also of the Sab
bath." The Oakland (Journal con
tains a synopsis of his sermon thus:
'' Over 3.030 years ago the Sabbath wa3
instituted by the Jewish law, given as a
sanitary measure, providing a periodical
day of rest for a wearied people. After a
while the peculiar ideas and customs of the
Jews entered into it, making it a religious
holiday. It has, amid the wreck, of na
tions, been handed dowa, 'century after
country, to each succeeding generaCon.
even to our own. It never was a morn
popular institution than it is to day. It
has received the approval of that pro
gressive humanity which has takeu thu
lead of nations, which has brought tiino
and space almost within it3 grasp, aud
which represents the ideas of intelligent
manhood. The authority on which tht
observance of the Sabbath is baQ;d imy
be summed up as follows : The approv
ing voice of more than 3,000 years, and
the general belief iu its beneficial effects.
Those who claim more th. n this are guilty
of a pious fraud.
Intrinsic merit is the only authority
needed to prove that an institution ia
pood. Tho authority of Christianity is
Christianity itself ; so authority of the
Sabbath itself. The institution of one
day in seven ns a day of rest Las met
with the approval of all the intelligent
generations of men for cges. and it is not
to be supposed that they will reverse their
judgment unless the naturebf man changes.
But how shall the Sabbath day be spent
A certain class of men would have it ob
served as a strictly religious day. The
tendency of men is to endeavor to force
their religious or moral principles upon
others. One school of moralists yvould
like to place till others ia a position
where they will be compelled to be good.
This spirit has written the darkest page of
1 history, and is antagonistic to progrgs.
aow comes tne subject ot legislation.
Shall the law rtcognize the day as a strict
religious day ? This yvould bean undue
assumption. The old heathen saying :
" The sins which are committed against the
"Gods, the Gods will take care of." is,
notwithstanding its origin, a good one.
No legislature has a right to interfere with
the moral actions of men. The number of
religious professors in a State is much less
than one-half of the population, and it "m
not that the'y should dictate as to the con
duct of the rest. The Sabbath should Te
the day of rest ; fhe day of the family ; of
the flavor and aroma of huiinin fe. lb:
was opposed to having more than oiQ re
ligious service a day, and he tluugLt jkj
restriction should be made against the in
noeent activities of mind and body. It ia
impossible to devote a whole day to de
votional exeercises, and it would be un
wise to attempt it. Xo one day should ho
considered in itself more religious tha
another. One great reason why so few
are converted to religion is iu the fact
that most of its professors have sought to
divorce it from life, hence many have con
ceived that it is something to be rammed
down tbt-ir tliroats. instead of being a tho
bright sun which shines on the farmers'
field it Ardless of fences.
Christ yvas continually repudiating this
notion ; no day was better than another
io him. lie minded with iroud men anil
bad men eveuvith shameless women. At
Jericho he met aud dined with the Publi
can, and therefore received the condemna
tion of the 1'harL-ecs. lie instituted no
forms, not even the Sabbath, lie declared
that the Son of Man is Lord of the Sub
bath. Those who claim for the day an es
pecial divine character can find no author
ity. If they look to the Scriptures. thev
fahould Celebrate Saturday and make it u
tlay of fasting. Our Sabbath stands i;i
the same relation to the new religious era
as the Fourth of July does to our country.
It is a periodical commemoration of its
birthday. Because a man is not religions.
it does not follow that he is irreligious; be
cause a large majority of men are not re
ligious, it does not follow that they are ir
religious. A large number of men repre
sent neither one thin nor the other, and
when ministers of the Gospel draw lines
of division between the good and bad. they
isolate Christianity f rom the mass of man
kind. He declared that he was in sympathy
with this very class of people, and were
he an atheist. a3 he yvould be, (should his
candid convictions lead him to that con
clusion,) he would repudiate the right
which other? might claim to supervise hi.-,
moral actions. Then what shall we do
with these people yvho do not choose to
spend the day as we do? Do with them';
Why we will do nothing yvith them! then
let us away yvith the Sunday law. Some
yvould stop the street cars! But a man
who works for eighteen dollars a week,
should be permitted to ride on Sunday lor
eighteen ce-nts as well as the rich merchant
in L"i3 carriage for ten dollars. "What !
stop the cars and leave the livery open?
In Philadelphia, that city of fashionable
religion, of gilt edged hymn books, the
cars are stopped on Sunday, and tLe
streets are filled with the teams of the
wealthy! Ia that city, on yveek days,
negroes are forbidden to ride with yvbite
men in the cars ! If Jesus Christ should
come to that city he would be worse
treated than he was iaJer'chc.
No ! Let us have a large park, reading
room3 and libraries ! This people mast bw
governed, they must bo educated.
Treat your horses with that kindness
which is characteristic in all the actioys ot
a merciful man. No animal will appre
ciate ii better, or respesd to it rriti no;
rr-::tu2o than tic terse,
: I