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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
... OREGON CITY, OREGON, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1868
EWTERPRISI ; .
. rCBUBHID KTKItT SATCRDAT MOBXI-VO
By D. C. IRELAND,
OFFICE: South east comer of Fifth and
.Main- trcets, in the building Intel v. known
the Court Iloaae, Oregon City, Oregon.
X? Terms of Subscription.
TOn eopr, one year in advance $3 00
. il delayed 4 00
Tcrtni of AdvtrtUing.
Transient advertisements, per square
(12 lines or less) first insertion ...$250
For each subsequent insertion 1 00
Itusinesa Cards one square per annum
payable quarterly 12 00
jDite column per annum 1-0 00
ftuc half column " 60 00
)n quarter " " 40 00
Legal advertising at the established rates.
Dr. F. Barclay, M. R. C. L.v
J (Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
-.OFFICE: At Ite$dentt,
Main Street (.Vi Oregon City.
' Dr; CHAEIS BLACII,
Physician, Srirjeoh and Accoucheur.
OFFICE Corner of Washington, and Front
trecU, l'arrih's Block, 1'ortland; Oregon.
RESIDENCE Washington atreet, between
Fourth and Fifth streets. ('--ly
0. P. MASON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
102 Front st., Portland, Oregon.
VTHIJi ATTEND TO IJ US IX ESS IX AXV
V V Court in the State or Washington
Territory. Including business uuder the
Bankrupt Law. S7:ly
D. M. McKEWKEY,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
WILL ATTEXI) PROMPTLY TO ALL
busiucss entrusted to his care,
C kicc One door north of Hell k Parker's
J'rugr store, Oregon City, Oregon. 3;ly
Ptrtnanently Located tit Oregon City, Ortjon.
Rooms witkDr. Salfarans, on Main street.
A. C. UlBi. C. W. I'AKRISU,
JYolary Public and Com. of Ifeedt.
GIBBS & PARRISH,
Attorneys and Counselors at-Lawt
OFFICE On Alder street, in Carter's
Xew Uriek Iilcck. n3
r. O. M COWN.
r- Xotary 'ublic.
JOHNSON & McCOWW,
nr blvotisiz n :
OK KG OX CITV, OREGON.
Will attend to all business entrusted
t i our care in any of the Courts of the State,
ollfct money, negotiate loans, sell real es
I'Partieular attention given to contested
1. J". DOLPH.
Mitchell, Dolph Smith,
Attorneys end Counsellors at Law,
Solicitors in Chancery, and Proc-
. tors in Admiralty .
IW Oce o-cr the old I'oat'O ce, Front
btreet, I'jrtlaiid, Oregon.
IPL jm-.'LW TfcT 12 :
Oroi Citj, Orrgont
. ORIea in Charman's Brick Block, up
Justice cf the Peace ct- City Recorder.
Office In the Court House and City
Council Itoom, Oregon City.
Will attend to the acknowledgment of
jetds. and all other duties appertaining to
tbcotlice of Justice of the Peace. ':ly
ATTOrr??F.V AND CoCN3ELOR-AT-LaV,
br rgon City, Sreyon.
l 2F,0ice over the store of Pope k Co.,
Main street. 4'i.tf
C. A. DOLPH,
AttORSKT AND CoUXSELLOR-AT-LaW,
VE Office 106 Front street, Portland. Ore
gon. (45. 6 in
C. P. FERRY,
' (Late Ferry & Foster,
: BL WL. ynK
Xo. loS Front street, Portland
Agent North , British and Mercantile
Insurance Company. ,
And Manhattan Life Tnsurar.ee Co
OVKIVXMENT StCtTR'lflES, StOCS"
T Bond, and Rcul Estate bought and
Sold on Commission. r .. 3:1.
,Succtor to SHITIt it MA Its HALL,
Black Smith and Wagon. Maker,
.Corner of Main and Third streets,
Oregon City Oregon.
SUcistrit&rp'ff. in all its branches. Watron
making end rf'psirVjf. All work warranted
o give satisfaction.
CX . iKSl. . way man,
0 REG OX CITY.
AU orders for the delirerv of merchandise,
or jackae?s and freicht ot whatever descrip
tion, to any j.art of the citr, will be executed
promptly and with care. ' l?.6m
Established aince m.. at the old stand,
Maix Sirsbt, Oaeoox Citv.
An nsortm?ftt of Watches'. Jew
elry, and Seth Thomas' weight
Clocks, all of which are warranted
to be as repreted:
Kepairinijs dons? c fi short nctits,
and thankful for past faTors. (37
I. S. ROSENBAUM & Co.,
No. 45 Front Et., Portland Oregon.
. . WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
Tolaeeo, Cigars, Snvf, Stationery,
Yankee Notions, and Toyt.
Ofdrs r-rowr-t'y cttded t"v (i-tf"
TO THE ORDER OF EASTERN STAR.
AIR : JTST BEFORE THE BATTLE MOTHER.
Here ttround the altar meeting,
Where the sons oflight combine ; "
Mingled with our friendly greeting,
Is the glow of love divine ;
For this Hall to virtue given.
And our emblems on the wall,
Point us to the Lodge in Heaven
And the Master of U3 all.
Keep in view the Lodge siipernal
Life is love enthroned in Heaven,
Where the true light never waves,
And our mortal sins forgiven.
In the bonds of Mason's duty,
Seek we now the Mason's libt,'
Forms of wisdom, strength and beauty
Teach us what is good and right ;
Far be every sinful passion,
Near be every gentle grace ;.
And so at last this holy mission
Shall reveal our Master's face.
Keep in view the Lodge supernal,
Life is love enthroned in Heaven,
Where the true light never waves,
And our mortal sins forgiven.
GOLD Oil GUEESBACKS.
The question as to whether the
portion of the national debt sooa to
fall due, or rather, soon to become
redeemable, is to be paid in gold or
greenbacks, is tlte absorbing topic
with a large proportion of the press of
the eastern Clates. The difficulty
seems to be in settling the exact con
ditions under which these bonds were
issued. By oris elds it is contended
that the clear understanding was
that they were to bo paid in gold, al
though there is nothing pn the face of
the bonds to indicate it, and letters
of Secretary Chase, who had control
of the Treasury Department wliea
they were issued; ate referred to as
evidence of the correctness of that
view, jlnd it is further contended
that gold was at that time yet the
common currency of the country ,' and
was therefore understood to be the
medium in which redemption ibr final
payment was to be made. By the
other side the plain fact is held
forth that gold is not specified on
these bonds, while there are others
of later issue upon which such a spe
cification is expressly made. This
distinction is claimed by the advo
cates of greenback payment as suffi
cient justification lor the assumption
that they were issued with the under
standing that they were to abide the
chances of what might be legal ten
der at the time they were, called in.
Now it cannot be denied that there
is much plausibility in the arguments
on both sides, and it is not only to
bp wondered at that so important a
matter should have been left in such
an uncertain condition, but is also to
be seriously regretted, on account of
the opportunity it gives to rjccu la
tors for manipulating the government
securities for iheir own 2urP0SCS
It is, however,' beyond controversy
that the legal obligations of the Gov
ernment would, be piet by the pay
ment of these bonds in greenbacks,
as contended for by Stevens, Butler,
and others;' but thettroral phase of
thecuection fs another matter. We
incline .o the opinion that it would
be better policy for. cur Government
to take the liberal vies7, and settle
even to the last dollar in gold
coin. The argument that such a pol
icy would injure the public credit by
indicating unnecessary extravagance;
Is of little weight compared with the
effect of ignoring a moral obligation
upon technical .grounifs.
Liberty of the Tress in
France. M. Peyrat, the principal
editor of the Areieir National, has
been c.ondemned by the Tribunal of
Correctional Police to a month's im
prisonment and a fine of one thousand
francs for excititig hatrcl anil' contempt
of the Government. M. Lopelletier,
Advocate Imperial, directed the
prosecution, and M.Emmanual Ara
go defended tiie accused.
The Gatling Gcn. Our, posts in
the Indian country are supplied with
these formidable weapons, so placed
as to command all the approaches.
By slowly turning it around, while
the balls are sent out at the rate of a
hundred a minute, the ground can be
swept as effectually as by the firing of
a whole file of soldiers armed with
The Austrian vagabonds get
homes for the Winter by cursing
loudly against the Emperor or in
public. The police, every where vig
ilant, ot once hear, and send the ras
cals to warm quarters for six months.
The Roman States owe about
81,000,000,000, and the revenue
hardly rj the interest pn the debt.
From Ilowia & Maguire's "Settlement of the
t Kocky Mountains."
THE VALLEY OK THE CO C3IB1A.
Valley of the Columbia! Grandly
sublime and softly beautiful! A deep,
broad, crystal river a river of ever
green forests and trailing vines of
mountains and valleys and flashing
cascades. Wild, weird, romantic
a blending of all beauties!
In ascending the Columbia, the
voyager is not oppressed by that las
situde of mind which is experienced
by monotonous expanses, either of
mountains or plains. Even if he
come from the fragrant swards and
slopes of California, when she is in
her most fascinating mood when
wrapped in robes of flower-spangled
greenj with Italian sunbeams playing
around her brow- he will, neverthe
less, upon entering the clear, sapphi
rine waters of this noble river, be en
chained and enraptured as he never
was by natural scenery before. Hill
and valley, fresh and verdurous, move
before his vision like the pleasing
combinations of a huge kaleidoscope.
Here various vines cf spontaneous
growth, from that of the modest bud
to the full-blown flaming eglantine,
profusely clamber up the overhang
ing rocks, spreading from the water's
edge to the evergreen forests above,
a curtain of emerald, studded with
blossoms of every hue. This viny
and floral display gradually fades
from view, and an unassuming cottage
is disclosed the more lovely for its
humility its orchards fragrant with
blooms, or scarlet and golden with ri
pening and ripened fruits. This scene
too, floats away like a sweet dream,
and then,' let loose from its rocky
confines, a mountain torrent come6
shivering down, midst raiuiature rain
bows, like a shower of diamonds.
First looming in view far out on the
PaciGc, Mount IIood-on3 ,of the
monarch mountains of the Western
World bears the voyager company
for hundreds of miles. He stands
forever, like a sentinel of the gods
over the wonderful creations below.
Let not the reader suppose this a
fancy sketch. It will not bethought
such by any who have traveled the
Columbia in the summer months.
The Columbia is one of the few
great rivers that cross leading moun
tain ranges. Ivising In the far north
among the pinnacles of the Rockies,
she cuts the Cascades in twain, five or
fix hundred miles below, and near
their greatest altitude. Boiling and
foaming among their stupenduous
rocks and frowning projections, on
either hand, she emerges but to again
enter though in mcllified mood an
other region upheaved by the throes
of nature; and her volume is finally
poured into the ocean through'a gate
way of the coast range. This at
once accounts for and sufficiently for.
tifies our description of the pictur
esqueness of the Columbia its water
falls, cascades aDd crowning forests.
It must not be thought from these
outlines that valleys in the Columbia
basin are either few or limited in ex-,
tent. They are multitudinous and
ample, and many are of unsurpassed
fertility. , The valley of the Willam
ette is the meet prominent. . This
tributary having its source to the
southward far towards the California
line, meanders between the Coast and
Cascade range, laving, with its thoti?
sand feeders, an embryonic empire.
Portland,, the metroplis. of Oregon, is
within a few miles of its mouth.
Yes, the Columbia drains a region
that fs destined for the best achieve
ments. of civilized man in every eno-
-m agriculture, commerce
and arts, literature and scieuce. The
..-.. ,A, , . ... , . .... , , .- ,
plow, the trident and the engine will
bring wealth and independence ; the
church, the. college and the school
will promote and foster intelligence
and morality; sons of genius will rise
up on her banks, and make tfiem clas
sic soil ; and then will she dispute
in cotemporary fame with the Thames
and the Rhine, and have a history as
enduring as the Tiber. ,
Owing' to, the generally precipitous
character of the banks of the Colum
bia,' nearly alf the towns" and villages
have been established at or near the
junction of confluents. Hence the
early importance acquired and still
held by Colville, away up in the north
western corner of Washington Terri
tory, near the international boundary
line. It is situated on the edge of an
extensive valley, a few miles below
j rlat Bow Lake, and a' still less dis
j tance below the mouth of Clarke's
I Fork, or the Flathead river. The
j surrounding country. is unusually lev
el, and comparatively speaking, low;
I climate, milder than Rever'ardegreeg
j .fouthj on the tributaries' ef the Mis
sissippi ; soil, a deep, rich loam; tim
ber, a sufneiney at handj and inex
haustiblequantities not distant. These
constitute Colville's real elements of
prosperity; bat stearnboatnien and
general speculators have endeavored,
iu late years, to give the place ioflas
ted prominence as the head pi naviga
tion. As it was a splendid country
for game elk, deer, bear, antelope,
marten, etc. it had long been fre
quented by trappers and Indian tra
ders, with whom, it was a favorite
winter retreat. Later, a few intrep
id pioneers of the lower Columbia,
attracted by the natural advantages
we have detailed, and the certainty of
fortunes by awaiting develo.percent,
moved thither with their families and
settled. The discovery of void Soon
lollowed, when hundreds rushed in j
from Oregou and California. Then
a military garrison was there est;tb'
Hshed ; after which the place was,
and still is, perhaps ever will be,
known as Fort Colville.
The Adulteration of Women.
A spicy correspondent of the Louiss
ville Courier ralates the matrimoni
al experience of one " Verdant
Green,'' a friend his:
Verdant had lived an unsophisti
cated life, until he reached the ripe
age of twenty one. About that time
a neighbor of V.'s father employed a
governess . from New York. V.
met her at a pic nic, and as she was
the first lady he ever met that
could make him feel at ease in her
society, he fell violently in love
with her. His bashfulr.css, under
the fckilJful tutelage of the govern
ess, wore rapidly away, and ere long
he had consented to become her
bridegroom. The bridal party stop
ped at a Cincinnati hotel, and after
many a weary hour the most mo
rnentuous moment to a man's whole
life arrived for Verdant. On two
chairs was piled a pyramid of skirts,
etc., and on a table near the head of
the bed the astonished eye of Verdant
beheld a sijjht which froze him with
horror. There were false calves,
false.hips, false palpitators and false
hair In one tumbler of water was
a full set of false teeth, from another
a glass eye stared at the bewildered
bridegroom. v- How long he stood,
Verdant knowtth not, but altera while
a hollow and strange voice from under
the bedc-Iothes addressed him thus:
'Why d'ia't you go to bed, my
"So I would, but, by , I don't
know..wbether to get into bed or on
to ths table !''
What Spiritualists Might Do if
Their Doctrines "svere Correct.
M. About, the.French author, writes
weekly for, a Paris pcper .under. the
head of "chats," hitting off the follies
of the day in a witty and sarcastic
manner. Speaking of on article of
his pn spiritualism, an exchange
Mr. About remarks, very justly,
that if he had but very little spirit
such as these men claim to have at
their service, he would go at once to
work, discover all the secrets of science,-
.furnish mankind--with untold
wealth, give liberty to all slaves,
white as well as black, restore health
to the sufllrer, stop nil wars, end all
dissentions, and change tho globe into
one great garden of delight.; The
spiritualists .have not tone,', bet mil
lions of spirits at their service, and
thanks to their supernatural allies
they do what? They knock at the
wail, they untie knots, and. play the
fiddle in the wardrobe! Indeed, the
demigods of our day have become
very modest! But worse than that.
These men, superior to other men
these masters of the. upper world;
these generals of the airy army which
is continually flitting around us in the'
invisible, these great lords who could
send a couple of spirits with a corpo.
ral to the. Messrs. Rothschild to- open
their strong boxes and make us all
happy, refuse to do a single act for
the beieGt of the. poor, the suffering
and the unhappy.
m ... i -
, ..- A precocious . youth attending
school, in Decatur, 111., got off the
following composition on the dog:
'"Dogs" is useful'er as cats. Mice is
afeered of mad cats. They bite 'em.
Dogs follers boys and catches a hog
by the ear. Hogs rarely bite. Peo
pie eat hogs,and not the Jews asuthey
and all other animals that doc3 not
chaw the cud icn't clean, ones. Dogit
sometimes get hit with boot jacks
for barking of nights. Sleepy people
get mad and throw at 'em. They do
more for man than grown hogs or
coons or even goats. Goats smell.
A patent threewheeled dray or
truck is attracting much attention iu
New Bedford, Mass.. It is said fo
be a great improvement on the old
two wheeler in speed and convenience
of turning and backing.
If all the Southern States are
fidmitted, the full electoral vote, will
be 317 : absolute majority required,
159. - .
-One cf the most disgraceful
ways of women To weigh two bun
GENERAL GR.lSr.'S PROTEST
Against the Rtmaval t Stanton and
: , . i . t ,
It will be remembered that when
Gen. Grfant wrote his. ringing letter
to the President protesting against
the removal of Sheridan,, he referred
to a letter marked ? 4 private,', which
he had written to Mr. Johnspn when
Secretary Stanton was removed from
office, and which (he stated " had . a
bearing apon the removal of Sheridan
and which he boped would have pre
vented iV' At the time there was
a general anxiety for the publication
of the letter marked "private;'' but
though the General had referred to it
in this public manner, thus removing
the restriction of privacy in regard
to its publication, Johnson did not
choose to give it to the country. But
on the 17th December, it was sent,
amoug other documents, to the House
of Representatives by General
Grant himself, in response to a reso
lution of that body calling for certain
documents and correspondence. The
Chicago Tribune's special says that
this letter, protesting vigorously
against Stanton's removal, produced
a sensation at Washington, and would
" prove a great card for Grant' The
letter is worthy to be placed side by
side with the letter written at the
time of Sheridan's removal. General
Grant's declarations are so clear and
decided that there can be no room
whatever to cavil about his position.
beg that every Union man wilj
read the letter which is here ap
pended says the Oregonian;
,4 ... . Private.
IIeaxqCartrrs Aumt United States, )
Washington, Aug. 11, 1 Si7. f
To His Excellency, Andrew Juhusou, Presi
dent of the Ljnited States :
Sir 1 take the liberty of address
ing you privately on the subject of
the conversation we had this morn
ing, feeling as I do the great danger
of the welfare of the country shoujd
you carry out the designs then ex
pressed; first, on the subject of the
displacement of the Secretary of
War. His removal cannot be effect
ed against his will without the con
sent of the Senate. It was but a
sjiort time since that the United
States Senate was in session, and
why not then have asked for his re
inoval, if. it was decided? It certain
ly was the intention of the legisla
tive branch o' the Government to
place a Cabinet Minister beyond Jhe
power of tli6 xecutire removal, and
it ia pretty w'ell . understood that so
far a3 Cabinet Ministers are affected
by the Tenu-e of Office bill it was. in
tended especially to protect the Sec
retary of War, whom the country
felt great confidence in. The mean
ing of the jaw may be explained
away by an astute lawyer, but com
mon sense and the views of loyal
peopTe.wjlI.gi7e it the effect intended
by its framers. . ; .. ,
Second, on the subject of the re
moval of the very able Commander
of thef 5th, Military District; Let
me a.sl: you to consider the effect it
would have upon the public. . He is
universally .and deservedly ; beloved
by the people ..who sustained this
Government throughout its trials,
and feared by, those who would still
be enemies of the Government. It
fell to,, the lot of but few men to, , do
as much against any enemy as Gen
eral Sheridan did during the rebel
lion, and it is within the scope of the
ability. of but few fin this or. any
other country, , to do what be has.
His civil administration has given
equal satisfaction. lie has had diffi
culties to contend with , which no
other District Commander has ; en
countered. Almost if not quite from
the day he was appointed District
Commander to the present time, the
press has given out that he was to .be.
removed, that the administration was
dissatisfied with him. This has em
boldened. the opponents cf the laws
of Congress, within his command, to
oppose him In every way in their
power,, and has rendered necessary
measures which otherwise
never have been necessary.
In conclusion, allow me to say, as
a friend desiring peace and quiet, and
the , welfare of the w hole country,
North and South,' that it is my
opinion that the loyal people. of this
country I mean those who support
ed the Government during tbe great
rebellion will not quietly submit to
se the very man of all others whom
they have expressed their confidence
in, removed. .
I would, not have;taken the liberty
of addressing the Executive of the
United States thus, but for the con
versation on the subject alluded to in
this letter, and from a sense of duty,
feeling that I know that I am right
in this matter.
With great rcspeetyour obedient eerrant,
(b.gn4) U. fc. GRA.NT, GtseraJ.
The Slave Songs of the Sunny South.
The J?ien aijd , women of , the, sooth,
who last so much along with the "lost
cause," lost nothing 50 titterly us the
dorriestisjjec iarities which were as.
sociated.with the system of negro sla
very. The recollection of the old
life on the plantations, of the once fa
miliar faces ,nnd faithful, servitude,
and grotesque gambols, and.inimitas
tie dances and songs of the race who
dwelt in humbler quarters hard by
the now ruined homes of the great
southern land-owners, must always
be blended with a certain pathos in
the minds of those who were reared
in the south while yet the " institu
tion " flourished. That was the time
when neither Sambo thought of a
" vote " nor Dinah impersonated
in " SojournerTruth " of" woman's
rights." That was the careless, hap
py time; .wherein ,both Sambo and
Dinah, after their honest day-work
wa.over, used to disport hemse!ves,
naturaljy and joyously ;,like the light
hearted, merry-go round creatures
that they really were nay, that they
really are, whenever their lot is cast
co that they (pan relapse, into their
normal condition; whenever and
wherever they have found quiet and
repose under kind and judicious di
rection, from the independent strife
against superior odds for which they
are so ill adapted, and which tends
to foster into amusing but painful
prominence those worst foibles of
their nature, vanity and conceit.
That v? as the time when the . banjo
was in all its glory. A glory, of viv
id turbans and patri colored scarfs
aud yellow draperies surrounding it;
an intricate shuffling of . heels and
tossing of arms, aud a clamorous pat
ting of many bronzed and calloused
palms together, were its accompaui
incnts until the .blood of hc dancing
throng of daikeys rose to fever keat ;
when the spirit of song descended up.
on the multitude, and reascending
from their throats in such staves And
ditties as nerer were heard in all the
I'm gwine o Alabamy. Oh h-t,
Fc'r to sec my mammy, Ah-h-h.
She went from ole Virginny, Oh,
And I'm her pickanninny, Ah.
h,e liea on the Toiribigbec-fr.Ob.,
I Ti-ish I bad her with me, At.
Now I'm a good big nigger, Oh,
Keckou I wont be bigger, Ah.
- . 1 ; ... , '..
But I'd liko to see rry.rrarcmy, Oh,
"Who lives in Alabamy, Oh.
. ..Nobody. who, ver, heard a. distich
like this, chanted by a. band of ne
groes about a lurid fire of faggots in
the. night, can. forget the impression
produced by its strangebarbaric ca
dences. , Later, when the dance was
done, .thers were always a , few who
remained clustered in frogt of the cab
in door-sways or on adjacent fences,
and joined in singing or wailing all
sorts of fantastic doggerel, until the
lights in the master's house were out
and it was so longer prudent to make
a noise, , The last song that was sung
was. very likely to be a hymn some
thing with. a " go-tomeeting " or
" go to-heaYen " in it, and abounding
in deep base, notes: ,., . .
I know member, know Lcrd,
1 know I yedde de bell.da ring.
Want logo to meetin('cietj. lecter,
. praise-house), Bell da ring.
The false and degenerate negro
minstrel troupes who have establish
ed themselves n the northern cities,
give us nothing .of this kind, end
therefore nothing like the truly
characteristic melodies that used to
ring out of real African months on
the - plantations and decks of riven
steamers in the Southern States be
fore the, rebellion. 1 The ballads
simple and beautiful as they . are -were
written and set to. music by
son writers in,, the North and sung
by the old-fashioned rrnnrstrels years
agt out tne songs of Virginia. and
Alabama slafes," are rarely sung by
the .opera-bawling minstrelscf today.
Yet even these would not suffice to
represent the slave songs proper, and
would convey a. one-sided estimate
of the negro nature, from, which
sprung the inefficient' ideas, the
uoudiq : nna twisted yearning
after .indefinite -things, the cloudly
conceptions, the weak pathetic
plaints, that! tire, if not expressed,
spasmodically intimated in rhymes
Uke these we have quoted. These:
endemioal lays are in fact .-chief
among the signs and evidences cf the
normal African character. .:They;
disclose its perturbations,;, its -i un
balanced superstitions and credulity,
its disposition to accept and ddealize,
albeit iq roigri ways; whatever is set
before it. as gorj'd .The. two ideas of
thepower of Christ and the strength
of faith, for instance, could not have
been presented bj any one save a
Southern negro, os they are in these
stanzas of a strain often chanted, in
the South before thd wan
King Jesns, ha waasq strong (te?.) rr.y Lord,
That he jarred ciown the walls of bell.
Don't J9,u LeAr what d chariot say ? bit,)
D fore wheels ruu by de grace of God,
An" ds hind Thee'e dsy ran by faith, j
The largp views which modern
men of science take of America and
American affairs, are well illustrated
in the subjoined passage from Sir
Samuel Baker's address before the
Geographical Ethnological Section,
of the British Association: .
.. "Columbus achieved the feat that
has' completely altered the geog
raphy of his; age, by thediscoveryi of
America.. How little did he dream
that within the short interval of three
and a half centuries, the New World
that he had discpver,ed; .would., be
able to. defy the the Old: that; upon
the wave which rocked the frail can
noes.iron-clads would fly, the stars and
stripes, . that a vast nation &f . .Clyis
tian men should spring from the new
soil and people, t,he desolate wastes;
thaj ,the, w.ildernesj sholud become a
gardenyand .the - swamps luxuriant
cotton( fields; that great cities should;
arise upou the. margin of her. rivers,
that, the slaves should, be .rendered
free; and that theelecric spark should
speakin the profound depthsof the At
lantic,, aud hold communication each
minute with the West! that, weary
distant West' ta which for weeks and
weeks he had struggled on . toward
unknown shores, lost or, a boundless
ocean, but trusting in a Deyine guide
who 'Watched, over .the human instru
ment that steered onward on the
grand path to civilization.- In the
short period of three hundaed and
eighty years.a small. practical portion
of the interval assigned to-the exis
tence of. man upon, our earth, what
vast changes, have occurred, not only
in geographical discovery, but by its
results ! America. has, become a giant,
an irresistible power upon her. own soil
separated from Europe by an ocean
that renders her secure from, hostile
aggression. With every variety of
climate, from the frigid to the torrid
zone, .with ; fertile . -soil, boundless
forests navigable . rivers of prodig
ious extent, and commodious ports,
tin future of that wonderful country
may be prognosticated by acompari
iscn with the past. The first steps of
a young colony are,. slow. and full of
difficulty but if, In three hundred and
eighty years, ..America has attained
her present high position from an ut
terly savagts state, what - part will
that vast ccntinei.t ..assume in the fu
ture history of the world T'
Time. A, map is confiued in pris
on; Iiq has access to. water only by
means ot a small tube, through . the
walLpf his. cejl ; by turning the stop
per the. .reservoir .is hidden, from his
view, so that the quantity of water is
unknown ta. him. ,,At his entrance
he is told that he, must. die the very
moment the last drop. of .water,., is
gone., . Shortly, he .unthinkingly turns
the stopper and. Jets .the -wjiter -spirt
out for amusement; but at length,
sudden, reflection .brings hjm to con
sider,.what hp is doing, and he ex
claims to h'mself, "Alas ! what a fool
I am thus to .waste this water, Jbr
the last drpp, seals my doom in death.
I am ignorant of the quantity there
may not be a gallon ; I wi'l , hence
forth use only wbat necessity compels
me, to do,'' , The prison is this wprld,
and Time is the water... We know
not . how--..much remains to us.
May vre rightly improve it.
A man of exceeding great parts,
of profound wisdom and deep pene
tration, . was summoned - to appear
upon a coroner's jury, in. the case of
a man who had-, committed suicide
by , hanging. Near the body , was
found a pail of water. :Tho .other
jurors gave their,.opini.on; but not so
this man. .He must be sure, and not
commit himself. So, drawing him
splf to full hight, he said; u Gentle
men,, before venturing to give any
opinion, I .would like to ask whether
it is the sense of this body that the
man brought the paiLot -water heore,
er after hanging. himself." This was
too much; and the jury even indulged
in stveral minutes' laughter, much to
i the chagrin ot the astute juror.
: A Remarkable Sight. A con
temporary, speaking ot the- decora
tions of, Grace Cathedral on Christ
mas Day, says: "The ctately,, pillars
were gorgeously intertwined with
evergreens." .Notning short of a
miracle could have accomplished
such a feat as that.
Divorced Couple. Remarried.
Eight or ten years ago a couple in
Zanesville, Ohio, became tired of
each other and were divorced. Isoth
parties were remarried, an both lost
their -new partners, lieccntly they
forgot' their grievances, revived their
aid affection, and becanue husband
A Tf.st. To ascertain whether
your wife U jealous, lace up another
ladv's shoe, and let her catch you at
it. If that don't make her turn eat,
spit, and become round shouldered
Work with a will,, is ra.th.er good
advice to any one)' The lawyer likes
this kind of Work, 'where, the will is
.. - The gardener is in constant pur
suit of the most hardy, productive
and valuable varieties, of fruits, ber
ries, and vegetables of every descrip
tion.. , So with the herdsman un
known thousands have, beep spent in
searching out the bept breeds of cat
tle, horses, sheep, swine, and fowls.
The same pav be said of the vine
yardiat. .Innumerable columns have
been. written upon the different va
rieties of grapes, toobtain the most
hardy, productive . and valuable
grades, and the mostv formidablu
against the attacks of vermin and
diseases. , While the pen and press
have been.nearl6ilent upon the cul
tivation of hops, its acreage, use and
value has been rapidly increasing.
Whereas, as yet, very little hai boeii
said and but few colutr.u', if any, have
been devoted in regard to the best
variety to be cultivated. From this
neglect, nearly all the inexperienced
suppose there is but one variety. To
such,, this is a sad, and fatal, mistake
There are as many different kinds of
hops as of fruit or grapes, and as lia
ble. to the attack of. diseases. ..At the
present time the hop crop, stands No.
1, among the most saleable and best
paying products tof .the country; and!
as the vermin a re., making their at
tacks upon this noble plan,t, ..the fu
ture, success of the, grower, will de
pend entirely, upon thpv. selection of
the variety that is most formidable
against . the attacks of its enethies.
In many of the oldest hop .grow ing
districts experiments have, been made
on the differejit varieties, side by
side, and results., have satisfactorily
proven the English Cluster to be f.ir
superior in eyery respect. . They are
the earliest,, rich, hardy, productive
and saleable . variety known. The
ayerag"e yield, of the English Cluster
is frcci.ebjhtcen hundred to. twenty,
five hundred poundj per , sere, wh'.li
the average, qt" others isbui from oi;-.'
thousand to-. -fourteen hundred pounds
per acre, and cf an inferior quality.
. , -- r-. ;
The foot of the ass s one of the
most ingenious .and unexapipled spe
cies of mecb.au.ism in , animal struct-,
ure., The.Locf contains a. . series of
vertical .and thin lamina of horn, so
numerous as to amount. to about five
hundred, and j forming a completu
lining tojt. Tu ihis.re fitted os
many lamine belonging to the coffin
bone,, while both sets re elastic and
adherent, The edge of a quire of pa
per .inserted leaf ;y ;leaf into anoth
er. will convey a sufficient idea fif the
arrangement., .Thus .the weight of
the annual.. is.suppofrtedJby s nfany
elastic, springs as there are lamina iu
all the, feet, amounting to about four
thousand; distributed jn che mo t se-
cure manner, since every spring is
acted cn in ,. , an . , oblique direction.
Such is the contrivance forhe saffty
of an anircal destined tevcarry great
er weights than, .those of his own
body, and. to carry those also, un
der the hazard of heavy shocks. 0
. " Seasonable.. Hints." The Al
bany Journal recently presented tb.
following and called it " seasonable
hints.''.. The .oil of pennyroyal wilb
keep mosquitoes out of a room,, if
scattered, .about even in smal?. quan
tities. . Roaches are exterminated by
scatteriug a handfu of, fresh ci'jn.
ber. parings about the. ho,usq. . Ho fiy
will light .on the windov , vrhith has
been washed with water in which a
little garlic has beep vashed.
.. Where's yopr mosquitoes? whera
your, flies? Then forGfresh cacuniv
bcrs; that's the rub.
Miss Flite's case has a pafalle
: iaFrance. A certain Mite. Sell
has been haunting courts of Kw for
thirty years, claiming a large proper
ty. She was stigmatized as a mono
maniac, but persevered aud cow gets
judgment for a million and a half
things" pretty closely, msar.kedilhV
other da; tbat milk aud water were '
kin, one to. the otier. When' uskid'
what kin -water was to rdilk, he replied
'pmp kin. D.'lo'st a" frleud' from '
; Mr. Instep thinks it is strange
that as his wife and himself are one
they can't step into the theatre cn,
one ticket. Instep doji't take into
consideration that the treasurer : ;es "
double apd wil seize for twe ud
then of course he's won.
Let us hone that agriculture'
will be speedily taught a.& a science;'
and that our common schools will'
become the'ective abettors of that
business which feeds slid" cJothws tbf