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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
(tlje tUcckin UJntcrprise.
rCBLISUKD EVERY SATftlllAt MORNING
By D. C. IRELAND,
VFFICE: South east corner of Fifth and
JUix streets in the building lately known
at theX'ourt HoHse, Oregon City, Oregon.
Terms or Subscription.
One copv, one vear in advance $5 00
" ' il delayed 4 00
Term or Advertising.
Transient advertisements, per square
(12 lines or less) first insertion . . .'2 50
For each subsequent insertion 1 O'J
31uines Cards one souare per annum
'payable quarterly 12 01 j
t ne column ier annum '-
On. l.,lf.oln,nn " 6-) 00
TUne quarter " " 40 ('
j,-ol advertising at the established rates.
Book and Job Printing!
THIIE EXTEKPHISE OFFICE
I supplied with every requisite for doing
a superior style of work, and is constant
ly accumulating new and beautiful styles
of material, and is prepared for every
0 BOOK AND JOB
j X X IV rV ING-!
AT SATIMKACTOKT I'lUCKS.
p&- The Public are invited to call and
c taniine botli our ?pccimeu8 and facilities
for doing work.
L. P. FISHEIt & Co., Rooms 20 and 21 New
Merchants' Exchange, Sacr.smcnto street,
are our only authorized Agents in San
DALY A STEVEN'S, cor. Front and Morri
son streets, (up stairs,) are our authorized
Agents m 1'ortlauJ.
ft C LEWIS. Es., will continue to act for
us as General Traveling Agent
qCocktshii and Love. The au
thor of " Under the Gaslight," thus
elegantly discourses on a sui jecc
de-jr to every woman's heart: Courts
ship, savs the sad girl who has had
a wofu! experience is the text from
which the whole solemn sermon of
married life takes its theme. As
livers are discontented and unhappy
noQvill they be as wives and hus
bands. So as you would be happy
fill the years of your lite, listen to the
Toice advising you. Let the woman
you look upon be wise or vain, beau
tiful or homely, rich or poor, she has
I jut. one thing which she can really
jive or refuse her heart! Her
beauty, her wit, her accomplish-
merit she can sell to you but her
love is the treasure without money
and without price! She only asks in
return that when vou look upon her
your eyes shall sper.K a tntiie devo
tion, that when you address her
jour voice shall be gentle, loving and
kind. That you shall not despise
her because she cannot understand
all at once your vigorous thoughts
and ambitious designs for when
misfortune and evil have defeated
o your greatest purposes, her love re
mains to console yon. Yon look to
the trees for strength and grandeur
do not despise the flowers because
their fragrance is all they have to
give. Remember, Love is all a woman
has to give but it is the only earth
ly tiling that God permits us to car
ry beyond the grave.
oTiik Proguk-s of Lovely Woman.
The organ of fine society and fair
women, the Home Journal, has this
Illustration of the progress of rivili
ntion and woman's rights : " In the
bar-room of a first class hotel, at a
jwpular inlan J summer resort, there
was seen at 10 o'clock one sabbath
evening, a fovr weeks since, a merry
prty of about twenty ladies and
gentlemen, about equally divided,
enjoying, with sparkling conversation
snd gay laughter, the usual variety
of 'drinks' appropriate to the season
'punehe9,' 'cobblers,' 'sours' etc.
There was no apparent ribaldry or
obscenity, no intoxication, no brawl
ingnothing to disturb the prevail
ing quiet and sanctity of the day,
save at times a rather boisterous
merriment and familiar sociability ;
lint the incident was of serious im
portance and provocative of serious
thought, as showing the tendencies
of our modern fashionable society,
and especially the feminine portion.
, ' Conner says he has been offered
five thousand dollars to exhibit Dex
O tcr and the Auburn horse one day in
Washington; but he declines to do it,
as he is busy publishing the Ledger,
.nnd engaged in the erection of a new
building which he will exhibit gratu
itously. Dexter and his mate, he
says, can be seen any afternoon on
the IlarlcnCVoad "by anyone that
can kelp up with them."
erbal blunders are at times
ludicrous erSugh, as when a writer
tending to speak of Cato and Bru
is made to speak of cats and
brutes; or anotheras happened re-
I ff CeQtly, announces the publication of a
new work "in the form of a five shil-
ig elephant," meaning" a fivo shillng
, -Jea.lousy is the greatest of mis-
i.v.v.es, and excites the least pity,
THE DYIXG WIFE.
Lay the gem upon my bosom.
Let me feel lief sweet warm breath ;
For a strong chill o'er me passes, '
Aud I know that it is death,
I would gaze upon the treasure
Scarcely given ere J go
Feil her posy dimple lingers
Wander o'er my cheek of snovr.
I am passing through the waters,
But a blessed shore appears ;
Kneel beside me, husband dearest,
Let me kiss away thy tears.
Wrestle with thy grief, mv hi sbaud,
Strive from midmVht unto day.
Tt i,. , i , i
11 niJ.v lofn e 'ln an s blessing
When it vanishes away.
Lay the gem upon my bosom,
"lis not long she'll be there ;
See ! how to my heart she nestles,
( 'Tis the pearl 1 love to wear,
If in after years beside thee
.Sits another in my chair,
Though her voice be sweeter music,
And her face than mine more fair.
If a cherub call thee "Father!"
Far more beautiful than this,
Love thy first-born ! oh ! ray husband !
Turn not from the motherless ;
Tell her something of her mother
You may call her by my name !
Shield her from the winds of sorrow ;
If she errs, ch ! gently blame.
Lead her sometimes, wl ere I'm sleeping;
I will answer if she calls,
And my breath will stir her ringlets,
When my voice in blessing falls,
Then her soft, black eyes will brighten,
And shall wonder whence it cam?,
In her h'-art when years pass o'er her
yhe will find her mother's name.
It is said that every mortal
Walks between two angels here ;
One records the ill, but blots it,
with ti,t r. ...
; If bofuIC the miJn; ht di
.Man repenteth if uncanceled,
Then the right hand angel weepeth,
Bowing low with veiled eyes.
I will be her right hand angel,
Sealing up the good for heaven :
Striving that the midnigh watches
Fixed no misdeeds unforgiven.
Yon will not forget me husband,
Whom I'm sleeping 'neath the sod !
Oh, love the jewel to us given,
As I love thee next to God.
Oi.d Age. An English magazine
writer observe?-: Old age is but a
mask; let us not call the mask the
face. Is the acron old because its
j cup dries and drops from its hold?
j Because its skin has grown brown
j and cracks in the earth? Then onlv
j 3 a man growing old when he ceases
; to have svmnathv with tho vrmrrr
i - j - t j - j
That is a sign that his heart has be-
gun to wither. And that is a dread
ful kind r f old age. The heart need
never be old. Indeed-, it should al
ways be growing younger. Some of
us feel younger, do we not, than when
we were nine cr ten? It is not ne
cessary to be able to play at lean
frog to enjoy the game. There are
young creatures whoso turn it is,
and perhaps whose duty it would be,
to play at leap-frog if there was any
necessity for putting the matter in
that light; and for u we have the
privilege, or if we will not accept the
privilege, then I say we have the
duty, of enjoying their leap-frog.
But if we mast withdraw in a meas
ure from sociable relations with our
fellows, let it be as the wise creatures
that creep aside and pray themselves
up, and lay themselves by, that their
wings may crow and put on the
lovely hues of their coming resurrec
tion. Such a withdrawing is the
name of youth. Anil while it is
pleasant no one knows how pleas
ant xecept him who experiences it
to sit apart and see the drama of
lift? jroinji around him, white his feel
ings are calm and free, his vision
clear, and his judgment righteous,
the old man must ever be ready,
should the sweep of action catch him
in its skirts, to get on his tottering
old lejrs, and go with brave heart to do
the work of a true man, none the less
true that his hands tremble, and that
he would gladly return to his chim
At Home. The highest style of
being at home grows out of a special
state of the affections rather than of
the intellect. Who has not met
with individuals whose faces would
be a passport to any society, and
whose manners, tho unstudied and
spontaneous expressions of their inner
selve, make them visibly welcome
wherever they go, and attractive un
bounded confidence towards them in
whatever they undertake. They are
frank, because they have nothing to
conceal; affable, because their na
tures, overflow with benevolence;
imflurriedjbecausc they dread nothirg,
always at home, because they carry
within themselves that which can
trust to itself anywhere and every
where purity of soul with fullness
of health. Such are our best guar
antees for feeling at home in all so
ciety to which duty takes us, and in
every occupation upon which it
1 obliges us to enter. They who live
least for themselves are also the
least embarrassed "by uncertainties.
AVUjf lie Was Excused.
Judge Ferguson was particularly
severe on the unfortunate jurymen.
So many had been excused on trivial
pleas, that the course of the law was
seriously interfered with. The Court
does not usually get angry, but this
time down came the foot, and a dec
laration was made that no jurymen
would get off unless there was the
best reason. Mike Hogarty, a great,
bier, good natured son of the Emerald
Isle, was on his pins.
"Boys," he said, "I'll bet the
dh rinks for the whole crowd o' yez
that I pull the wool over the ould
J udge's eyes an' get off the jury."
" Anah, w ill you plaze lave that
to meself. Is the dhrinks the bet?"
" Yes, Mike; but let it be fair and
"Trust me for that, boys."
Shortly afterwards, Mike made his
appearance before the court. His
face was drawn down until it looked
awfully solemn. His eyes, too, look
ed as if there had been a recent flow
of the lachrymal fluid. In plain fact,
he appeared as if there had been the
devil to pay somewhere, and he the
sufferer. He addressed the Court in
a voice tremulous with emotion:
" If yer honor plazes, would you
be afther excusin' me from the jury?"
" Why, Mr. Hogarty, on what
ground should I excuse you?" asked
"An' may it plaze yer honor, me
mother's dead the poor ould woman
God rest her sowl."
" To be sure," said the court,
" Mr. II., if that is the case," and
the J udge spoke in an earnest and
sympathizing tone; " to be sure, sir,
you are excused Mr. Hogarty, from
serving on the jury thia terra of
" Shure, an' it's may God bless yer
honor for this," and Mike left the
court-room to join his comrades, who
were waiting outside.
An' how about the dhrinks, is it,
I dun'no?" said Mike. " It's whisky
" But, Mike," said one cf them
" how could you tell the JuJge such
a bare faced lie?"
" Aa it's a lie, yces say, is it!"
said Mike. " Shure, an' devil a bit
of a lie is it, I dun'no. Isn't the old
woman dead? an' didn't she die the
matther of 20 years ago, I dun'no?
Devil a bit of lie 1 did I tell his
A Storv with a Moral. A Con
necticut exchange tells the following
story of a boy who was sent from
Crotou, Connecticut, to Xew London
one day last summer, with a bag of
green com. They boy was gone all
day, and returned with the bag un
opened, which he damped on the
" There is your corn; go and sell
it; 1 can't."
" Sold any ?"
" No; I've been all over London
with it, and nobody said anything
concerning green corn. Two or
three fellows asked me what I had in
my bag, and I told ihem it was none
of their business what it was!"
The boy is not Unlike hundreds of
merchants, who will promptly call
him a fool for not telling what tie had
to sell. They are actually doing the
same thing on much larger scale than
did that boy, by not advertising their
Would n't Bile. Tho following
is almost equal to Vic. Trevitts Coc3
nut story which was a veritable
fact transpiring at the Dalles: A man
in Clark county having made preper
ations for a big dinner, selected one
of his finest turkeys to boil. Dinner
time came, and with it the tnrkey,
but to carve it he could not the
fork refused to enter, and the knife
refused to cut. Fearing some fiend
in human shape had attempted to
poison the family, the turkey was
sent to a chemist to examine for the
deadly poison. In the meantime the
servants were closely questioned, when
the truth came out that a box of 's
blood pills, were accidentally thrown
out, and the turkey, eating some cf
them, they had taken all the " bile"
out of him.
There lives at Larig, Scotland,
a shoemaker, who married on the
same day with the Queen and Prince
Albert. The shoemaker's son was
born on the same day with the Prince
of Wales, and he (tho shoemaker)
has had a son for each son the Queen
has, and a daughter for each daugh
ter, and all born in the same month
of the year. The Court Journal calls
this " competing with royalty.''
CITY, OltJEGOX, SATUKDAY, jDECJ<fJSJGR M, 18G7
Distances a;l Altitudes.
We give below a table of distances
and altitudes on the proposed route
of the Oregon Central Railroad, be
tween Portland, Oregon, and Centre
viile,on the Humboldt river, the point
proposed for the junction with the
Central Pacific Railroad. The tab!e
should be preserved for future refer
ence: Sanies i if Places,
To 1 1
Kidge. near Oregon city
15 ig 1 'rainy
Marsh, north end,
Bend of Pprague'.s river.
Goose Lake valley
Divide east of Valley. . .
Big bend Queen's river
Ce n t e r v i 1 1 c 475
Assurances are given says the Ore
yonio?i,hy very many prominent mem
bers of the Central Pacific Railroad
Company, that this enterprise shall
have their fullest support. The offi
cials of Nevada are also favorable to
the scheme. There are many reasons
why the California company should
favor this route, and it is stated that
the proposition, when made, was en
thusiastically received by them.
The people of Southern Oregon,
as might be supposed, are alarmed
at this proposition, and the Sentinel
of the COth slashes into it excessively,
from which we quote :
"Should this route obtain, and a
road be built over it, Southern Ore
gon and Northern California, may
whistle. But we can't believe that
the Central Pacific company ever in
tend to build a branch road from the
Humboldt. We do believe that M r.
Pengra, and not only hitn but all
Oregon, will be humbugged by this
The Sentinel argnes that it is to
the interest of the Central Pacific
to have only one trans continental line
and feels that their efforts in this
behalf are merely to retard the pro.
grees of the Northern Pacific. We
cannot endorse this view, knowing it
to be an admitted fact that were half
a dozen railroads completed across
the continent at the present time,
with the present rate of production,
they would still be unable to supply
the demands made upon them for
transportation. Oregon must have
a railway outlet, and in order to get
such as speedily as possible and put
herself upon a footing something near
equal to California, we deem this
movement safe and entirely practica
ble. Nor is this saying that Douglas,
Jackson and Siskiyou counties will be
forever "out in the cold." The soon
cr Oregon ha 3 direct communication
with the east by railroud, the sooner
will each and every county in the Stale
be the better able to enjoy the same
Our friend D. O. Quick, of Hills
boro, takes decided grounds in oppo
S tioa to this branch, and becomes in a
measure personal. He denies that
it has a single national argument in
its favor, or one real Oregon interest
to recommend it. This is strong
grounds to view the road from as a
farmer. His arguments, however,
are not without their value. He is
opposed to shipping our fruit by a
route w here it would spend a day in
the icy regions of Klamath lake, and
have to take the Chances for a Weeks'
detention at the junction on the Hum
boldt, but does not consider that the
result would be the same were con
nection made at Colfax, Maryville or
Sacramento. Then ngain, the build
ing of this, or any other branch, does
not close the gate in the least, to our
present commercial highway, the
Pacific ocean. We shall refer to the
letter of Mr. Quick again, and possb
bly may find space to lay it before
our readers entire, at no distant day.
The more there is said about these
railroad projects, the better will it
be for the people, we think.
On Saturday evening last there was
a Railroad meeting held in Portland,
wnieh was addressed by Col. W. W.
Chapman, and others. The remarks
of Colonel Chapman appear to have
been endorsed by all the principal
speakers who followed him. He said,
in substance, that we have three or
four proposed railroads through the
Willamette valley. It was not his
purpose to say which of these routes
was right, or whether either was
wrong. He was informed that each
bad an organized company, and that
one had recently sen: cn its bonds un
der some contract for the construction
of the road; etc. Assuming that the
great Central Pacific Railroad would
be completed within three years, it
would require our utmost diligence
to be prepared for that immense and
inconceivable great flood of travel,
businessj-and transportation, that must
inevitably press upon us. The cry of
Oregon for twenty-five years has been
" Give us population !" and yet, the
lest country on the green earth, it is
but sparsely populated. Territory
after Territory has leen organized
and formed into States with a vast
population all since the settlement of
Orrgon. We read of no better agri-
cultural country in the zcorld, every
thing considered; our wheat surpass
cs any in the market, and the crop
never fails! Our climate is mild,
Land health is found in every abode.
May we not reconcile all antagonistic
feeling in our midst respecting these
roadsj by concentrating all efforts up
on two of them. Let us co-operate
with tho people of eastern Oregon,
Idaho and Salt Lake, as well as with
those of Washington and Montana,
in procuring the aid of the governs
ment in the construction of the roads
through those Territories, and let us
be heard in Congress through a uni
form, systematic demonstration.
But to return to our subject dis
tances and altitudes : The following
is the only complete table of points on
the Central Pacific railroad of Calis
fornia, and other roads connecting
therewith, between San Francisco and
New York, that has ever been pub
lished. It was prepared in the railroad
office in Sacramento, and is official,
which in this case means correct. As
with the preceding table, it may be
of use for after reference, and is worth
Xante of flans. TUtl
Goat Island 1J
i San Leandro 11
Vailejo's .Mill 27
Livcrmore Bas 49
San Joaquin river 09
Wood bridge 92
Cosnmnes river 100
: Kocklin 1 IS
! I'ino 119
Clipper Gap 107
Gold run 188
Dutch l-'lat 101
Shady run 107
Bine Canon 202
Emigrant Gap 208
Truekee rivef 243
Little Truekee 251
Eagle Gap 205
Glendale . ; . . . 282
Big Bend Truekee. : 311
Humboldt lake 352
Mill city 417
Big bend Humboldt .... 454
Reese river 506
j Gravelly Ford . 541
Two mile canon 508
North Fork 000
Humboldt wells 035
Nevada State Line. ..... 700
Point on Salt lake 775
Bear river 820
Weber Canon 845
Echo Canon . : . 876
Echo Bass 902
Bear river ............. 920
Green river 1025
North I'lutte .
Laramie river. .
Foot of Black Hills. . .
North Platte Junction.
Fort Kearny 1055
Omaha . : 1S46
Dunkirk . ; 12010
New York 3300
The First Nalioual Bank of Ida
ho, according to the Walla Walla
Statesman, came near going to the
dogs the other dayj because its check
for 15,000 was thrown out by the
Bank of California. It is not stated
whether it was "kiting" paper thus
ignominiously turned out of doors, or
a check drawn upon funds which
had been delayed by stress of weather.
But if the First Bank of Idaho must
go up like an empty balloon for lack
of 815,000, and can only be pulled
down by hard tuging at the guy
ropes, we can only lament the thinness
of the financial atmosphere in Idaho.
Paper ballast seems wholly inade
quat for smooth sailing in that ro
gion at least when pictures are
scarce, and not forth coming at call,
says the Bulletin.
A Charleston dispatch of the 29th
notes the arrival of a Bremen bark
with 150 immigrants, under the care
of the State Immigration Board.
They were warmly welcomed by
their friends aud the citizens generally.
Over 220,000 immigrants ar
rived at the port of New York du
rirg the year.
ll i'lrJII ttrnu IJ1I
Curious Facts frm History.
The Chevalier D' Aubigne, who
Ced to England during the French
revolution of 1T0S, and for a while
lived there in a very straightened
manner, accumulated a fortune of
eighty thousand francs by teaching
the English fashionables how to mix
salad. He visited his patrons in a
carriage, attended by a servant:
The custom of sitting at the table
to drink, after dinner was over, was
introduced by Margaret Atheling,
the Saxon Queen of Scotland. She
was shocked to see the Scottish
gentlerrien rising from the table be
fore grace could be said, and offered
a cup of choice wine to all who would
Fish did not become a popular ar
ticle of diet in Greece, until a com
parativtly late period, and there was
a society against " cruelty to fish,"
by obstaining from devouring what
was alleged to make the partaker
ferocious and inhuman. With Romans
the mullet was prized above all other
fish. It was sometimes served up
six pounds in weight, and such a fish
was worth three hundred dollars.
It was cooked on the table for the
benefit and pleasure of the guests;
Turbot were next highest in estima
tion, and occasionally offending
slaves were thrown into the pond to
The older Romans paid special
honor to agriculture, as did the Jews.
Their coin was stamped withemblems
in connection therewith. The Greeks
refreshed the mouths of their plowing
oxen with wine. Charles IX
exempted from arrest for debt all
persons engaged in the cultivation of
the staple articles of agriculture.
Ccrtez went to Mexico in search
of gold, but the first discovery he
made was of chocolate. The monks
were the first to adopt it, but the
generous beverage was considered a
sort of wicked luxury for them, and
they were warned against it. The
moralists eagerly condemned it. The
Spanish, however, welcomed it with
It is recorded that Anthony once
rewarded his cook with a gift of a
city, for having prepared a repast
which elicited the encomiums of
An English Dean named Nowell,
who flourished in the turbulent reign
of Queen Mary, was the accidental
inventor of bottle ale. He Was out
fishing with a bottle of the freshly
drawn beverage at his side, when in
telligence reached him that his life
was in danger. He threw dow n his
fishing rod, buried his bottle of ale
in the grass and fled. Afterwards
reclaiming his bottle the cork flew
out at the touch, and the Duke was
so delighted with the creamy condi
tion of the ale that he took good
care thereafter to be supplied with
the " same sort."
Streams and springs of water were
greatly reverenced by some ancient
nations. According to the popular
belief of the Greeks, every stream,
spring, and fountain, had a resident
deity. The Egyptians, grateful for
the blessings they derive from their
beloved Nile, threw into it corn,
sugar and fruit, as thauk-ofFerings.
The Persians and Cappodocians raiss
ed altars beeide streams, and paid
adoration to the God whose existcuce
was evident by the crystal element.
The common people of Rome drank
to excess of water, both hot and cold.
The former they drark in wiuter as
The breakfast of a Greek soldier,
taken at dawn of day, consists of
bread soaked in wine. Greek patri
cians sat down daily to but one solid
meal; soldiers and plebians partook
of two; They were accounted pecu
liar coarse people who consumed
three. The Romans in this respect
were similar to the Greeks.
In Home, milk was used as a cos
metic, and for baths as well as a bev
erage. It required five hundred asses
to supply the bath and toilet vases of
the Empress Poppea. Some dozen
or two of the same animals were kept
to maintain the decaying strength of
Francis I, of France. Appropos of
milk, Butter was not known either
in Greece or Rome until compara
tively late periods. The Greeks re
ceived it from Asia, aud the Romans
were taught its use by the German
Eggs filled with Salt used to bo
eaten by curions maidens, after a
whole day's fasting, on St. Agnes
Eve, in the belief that in the after
dreams of the maid her future hus
band would be revealed to her.
Ask your neighbor to subscribe
for the Enteutkise
Tlxere's for all a Field of Labor,'
There's for all a fiidd of fabor
In the uuiverse to till,
From a -frorni to an archangel,
From ail atom to a hill,
And the world is one great workshop;
Where no idle wheels are made,"
And life is a noble picture,
With' a never useless shade.
Courage; brother, grow not weary
la the coarse of Truth and Bight;
Let the hope of victory cheer thee.
Fighting keeps our armor bright,
Never yet was soldier's glory
Wou on peaceful carpet field,
And her Gods of ancient story
Left no rust upon their shields.
There's for all a field of labor ;
We have noble germs unblown;
Flowers that high as stars may blossom;
And expand from zone to zone,
If the land is to be fruitful,
We must plow, and reap, and sow ;
If our talents we would quicken,
We must think, and they will grow.
There's for all a field of labor ;
In the future's regal morn
Earth shall wear a crown of goodness,
Like a Wreath without a thorn;
Do the angel work of duty,
Heeding not the echo, fame;
Whether thou be crowned or crownless;
It will bless the world the same.
In Florida peaches will not grow
Where peaches end, oranges com
mence. Coolies have been tried in Louis
iana, but they are lazy, and they lie
and steal. Nothing is equal to the
negro after all.
In the South they are turning
their attention to rye for the reason
that it will do better than wheat. A
farm that will produce no other small
grain than rye, is at the last gasp.
In making star candles there 13 a
largo residuum of coarse glycerine,
which now is fed to hogs. Naturally
the one who bats the pork will furnish
the " nitro."
Now is the day and now is the
hour to prepare cows for winter.
Feed well and shelter from thestorms.
It is a good plan to study the coustiu
tion of each particular cow.
- The first National Assemblage.
! solely for the consideration of pbmo.
logical subjects, was convened in
I Buffalo, on the first day of September,
! l8,48' ?the New York St:ite ASri"
The cranberry crop of Massa
chusetts is larger than ever before.
The wages of hands is from a quarter
to a half of what they pick. Rather
heavy toll on the cranberry business
After all is said and done, the
native poultry is decided to be better
than the imported. The reason is be
cause otjr climate gives more nervous
energy. The same is to be said of
our men and women.
Don't be sd smart as to suppose
that clover will do everything. True
it draws much from the air, but at
the same time the roots search deep
after the minerals. The golden rule
is to grow clover to make manure.
In Great Britain, the farmers are
obliged to sell a part of their grain
immediately after harvest, so as to
meet their rent, due on Michaelmas,
or Sept. 29. Heavens and Earth,
that a nation of farmers should pay
Just how the Kerry battle are
commended, because they thrive in
cold climates and on little food, and
give rich milk. In England a Kerry
cow i5 valued at $050. It is suspi
cious that fancy stock is always
As farmers are at a distance
from meat markets, the following di
rections for keeping meat may be of
use to those who try it: Cut the
meat in slices ready to fry pack it
in ajar in layers, sprinkling with salt
and pepper, just enough to make it
palatable ; place on the top a thick
paper or cloth, with gait half an inch
thick ; keep this on all the while. I
have kept meat for three weeks in
the summer, and the last was as good
as the first.
The proper way to salt hides is
to lay them flat, flesh side up, and
form a nearly square bed, say i2 by
15 feet, folding in the edges so as to
make them as nearly solid as possi
ble. Split the ear in the cords that
run up the ear in each otie, so as to
make them lie out flat. Sprinkle the
hide with two or three shovelfuls of
coarse salt, as the size may require
say for a sixty or eighty pound hide
from ten to fifteen pounds of salt
At any rate cover the hide well, as
it need not be wasted ; then let them
lie ia this from 12 to 20 days, after
which take them up, shake the salt
out and use it again.
Take a bunch of matches and
soak them over night ia a teacupful
of water then takeout the matches,
thicken the water with Indian meal to
a stiff dough, adding a spoonful of su
gar and a little lard lay it about the
premises, where the rats and nothing
else will get it. I have tried differ
ent kinds of exterminators with poor
success, until I fried this. Rats are
now strangers about my premises, and
make short stops when they call, and
go away with a terrible squeak and
a terrible gripir-g in the stomach. ;
How much money can be inad
per acre by farming? is a question
frequently answered in this country,
by taking the coarsest work and the
greatest ignorance as a standard!
How much can be made by scientific
farming, aided by brains and judicious
labor; is never thought of. Dr,
George B. Loring, the President of
the New England Agricultural Soci
ety, tells us what can be doiie on the
sterile Soil of the North. IIo in
formed his hearers in a recent ad
dress, that " he knew a man in Mas
sachusetts who, in 1825, bought
twenty acres of lahd. He has ap
plied to it all the accurate knowledge
that he could get. There is no
month in the year that Something
does not bloom on his farm ; there is
something green there always; and
he always has some crop to send to
market. You walk through it, arid
find everything going on just as reg
ularly, accurately, nnd carefully as
the cotton goes through the loorrfi
He has managed his affairs with pru
dence, accuracy, and care, and fTas
made from his farm of twenty acres
two hundred and fifty thousand dol
lars in forty years." When we have
spoken to farmers of the enoinious
profits made near our cities, by rais.
ing vegetables for market; we have
been told that was not farming, but
gardening. Such as it is, nearly all
German farming is of this kind, and
there is much of it all over Europe.
If we had more of it here bdr mar
kets would be better supplied, farm,
ers would make more monev, and
prices be materially reduced.
The valleys of Greenland are alio
filled with glaciers, of-which some
have an enormous extent. They are
always in motion, gliding downward
like rivers of nearly Solid matter;
which hate their outlet itP the sea,
only their motion is exceedingly sloWj
not exceeding about one hundred feet
for the whole summer season. Tho
lower extremities of these glaciers;
reaching the ocean, are buoyed up b?
the deep water, and then are broketP
off from the rest of the mass, wheri
they slowly drift away to the south.
They sometimes have aa extent of O
several miles, nnd are really moun
tains of ice icebergs of which
about seven-eighths is in the water. 0
and less than one-eighth exno3?d
above the surface.
According to Swedenborg, tho
hcllfire spoken of in the Bible is tbe
burning of diabolical passions, appe
tites and lusts. Among the wicked
in this world these would break out
and overturn all society unless re
strained by law and the fear of pun
ishment. The word place' is inar-
plicable to spiritual life; it presents
the purely, natural, material idea.
Heaven and bell are states of life or
spiritual conditions; hence our Lord
said, ' the kingdom of Heaven is
within you.' " We hope that that is
so; and that it is within every other
- -o--. -
Oil Is Oregon. We Jcarn from 0
the "Monthly Report of the De
partment of Agriculture, for August "
and September," that " a large oil
well is under process of erection in
Salem, Oregon," and that " ono
thousand acres of flax were sow last
spring to supply it with seed." They
do things differently in Pennsylvania,
says the Lawrence Sentinel, They
just dig a hole in the ground when
they want an oil well, and instead of
supplying it with seed they pump
out all the oil it will yield and let
1 he hell go to seed'1
We are informed, says the Sac
rahnentd Union that rich mining dis
coveries have been made in Indepen
dence valley, between the head of
Paradise valley and Ohee, and 0
about 00 miles from Camp Mc Der
mit. Tbe mines discovered are sur
face diggings, and pay from 25 to fiO
cents a pan. We Understand many
of the employes and some of the sol
diers in the vicinity of Camp McDer
in it, with other residents, have left for
the field of operations. A person
recently from that section of country
has already been to San Francisco
and procured a sawmill, which was
conveyed through this city yesterday,
and is intended to be used In these
mines for the manufacture of lumber o
for sluices and cabing. O Q
When the first schooner ever
built, on the coast of Massachusetts,
slid from her stocks and floated
gracefully upon the water, the chance
exclamation of an admiring bystan
der " Oh, how she scoonsf" drew
frorii her contriver and builder the
answer. " A scodncr let her be,
then," and made a new English
The worst org migrinder o
hollow tooth that play the deuce.
Just like a cinnamon tree is the
fop, for the bark is invariably worth
more than th? bodv.