Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868, November 23, 1867, Image 1

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17 JL
SljclUccliln Enterprise.
rrni.isiiKD kvekt SATrimAY sinKXt.vr.
By D. O. i u J-i im -u ,
KFICK: Soulli east corner of iinnnnd
il us- streets, in tlie bnil'line; lately known
s the Court House, Oregon City, Oregon, i
Tfi-iiis of SiiW riioi.
0a copy, otic .roar in advance. . .
ii ilel.lVcd. .
4 UC
Trrms of Alvrt isin
Transient nilvertiseinenls, per square
(' lines or less i tirst insertion . . .2
Fur each
silent insertion . . .
1 w
Jlusiiiess ( 'arils one square per annum
i. arable miarterlv. , 12 (u
One cTtlumn prr uunuia I-'1
ut. lii-lt rohiinn " fi'1 ""
One ijuartcr " ..
l.e-'id utlverti.-ung at the v.
In ( o
Published rates.
Sook and Job Printing !
t pllE E N T E II P H I S O V V ICE
s supplied v.-illi every requisite for doing
a superior :yl" of work, and is constant
ly tu-ciiiii'ihiuiie; new and beautiful slyles
r.'f materia!, and H prepared i'ur every
Variety of
i:oo;c AM) -'on
O at satiska' i'imlv run !:.-.
cj" T!ie Public are invited to rail r.nd
examine belli our sju'ciiticiis: and facilities
Dr. F. Barclay, I-I. II C L.4
(Fonn 'r!v He.rgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
A'. ;.. vov,
";-eon Citv.
Main .Stiv.-t. .
rh'jiiciaii, S'trrcon and Accoucheur.
OFFICE -Corner of Was? ir.ptos a:l Front
street.-, Fan iMi's liloek, l'oriiand, Oregon.
l!i ami
-Washington street,
'lt'lh streets.
a. e. i,n::
c. w. i'M:i::s:i,
(,. f i.i.i. t-f IkeJ
X-t-tr,, P.iV.
Uhrnvj.'s and Counselors o.t Law,
lii ivk ll'.oC
in Carter's
1o-j Front st., Portland, Oregon.
Court in the State or Washington !
enltorv. lueli;
uug business
under the
Bankruiit La
M f'OWV.
.1--' -.- I '.He.
D T".7TT-Tr'r:TT C- T'Tn-''!-1TI''riT
ET ."TV. vV".-.'0:-C KC3L.is
1 - " Will attend to ;.U business entrusted
t i our car.' m any of th
Courts of the Slate,
e loans, seil real es-
ilb-ct money, negoUa
t ete.
''Particular attention
land ctisi's.
;ivon to contested
i. F. ru -si:i.i.
-A I. TON.
Atlmeis on if Counselors (it Laic, j
1 . ; ' - sit 7 '
buitcit'ir ni C.i-ii itccri, cnul
R,al Kstofe A'
praet a1
the Courts of the second, i
el I
urin .1 u.lieial lu
s, ar.it in
nu t of Oivguii.
-i-il atieKtion given to the ce'iee
is at ail points in the above uam-
ti'iii of oia
Oili.:ein Parrish's brick boliding, Albany,
Oregon. :;s.
j. h Mirein;i.i,. j. x. iM.u.ru. a smith.
Elitchell, Bolph & Smith,
Alinifts and Counsellors at Ram,
Solicitors in Chancery, and Proc
tors in Admiral I .
!-?TlHee over the old PostOilice, Front
street, Portland. Oregon. (ly)
O Or-i? ity, )re;;oii.
on'u-o in Cimrman's Brick Block, up
stairs. (.o:tf)
Attorney and Counsellor at. Law.
f business entrusted to his care.
0, ner.One door north of Bell & Parker's
Tiistoi e. Ove.-,v.i ( ':tv llr,..f,i
:1 V
J. B. UP T 0 IJ ,
Oregon City, Oregon.
Otliee over th
tore of Pope & Co.,
0 lor, Front tvuci, Portland, Ore-(-t'i.''im
J'o'.lce of the Peace ,C- City Recorder.
Onico In tji,? Court House and City
V. il
att.'-ul to i'i-.e acknowledgment
'--N. iin.l .dl other duties aiqiei taining to
J t,1'-','':rt,,'1-s'i-of the Peace. -jfiv
Oi-i.j.iu Ci'ff, Oe.'jon.
ever Chi;rmau A Bro.'s store. Main
,. 1 l j v
X-t.ir I'uldie.
.fTATj-: r,RnKi;i;s, COLLKC-
. Xii.tr.
M ,i-,-: ,r 'J! aim's Brick, corner of j
; 'J-sen mm Eront sts, Portland, Oregon. I
ii,:,!.' ra"icular attention givn to the ad- !
,::.., ; f c,'."m:ts. Legal and other doc- ;
hort uotice.
'''"-'-Corner of Fifth and I) streets.
w asnmfrtori
. D. C.
ttctitinn given to the adiust
.n W: !s
uing of p;ltc,lts privjite'land
r.i-ii: ... and Homestead settle
k'ai'.s-i S . C'asS!' tfu-iiacss before t!i
tcsLau-j OiUce. pt-i.Sia
". -
I yearly Opposite Woolen Factory,
T. Y. ItllOADl-S, f Proprietors.
Oregon City, Oregon.
We invite the citizens of Oregon Citr, and
the traveling public, to give u.s a share of
their patronage. -Meals can lie had at all
hours, to please the most fastidious. 15
IJoti.ee to the Public.
1I-VVK this day closed the Iiarlow House
in tavor ot the Clill House. 1!
old customers will o-i-e their liberal patron-
"r'- l" wii-uuue eii i;ert house.
will Imd .Messrs. White fe iUioad
on hand to make
es always
u es t s ci ? 1 1 fo i t a I d e.
Oregon City, August 1, ls;r.
A M I t I C A X EX CI I A X G E.
( Tot- LixcoL.r Jioi'sr:
Xo. S I Vi-oul stnc!, I'oKluiirtOii gcn.
L. P. W. ri.Ml)V. I'l.-.u-itrKToK,
(..'?' U yfi eU Jfvk'l:)
This house is the most commodious in the
State, newly furnished, and it will lie the en
deavor of the proprietor to make his guests
comfortable. The lviage Wagon will al
ways be found at the iand'ng on the arrival
of steamships and river boats, carrying bag
gage to the house free of charge. Tl7-fv
Main Street . . !,'. m Citv.
JACOB EOEHM, Proprietor.
KsTaUlIsh i;o IS."?.
The undersigned wishes to give notice
that from .Saturday, October ,"t b, ! s.i;7, prices
at the above house will be as follows :
Board and Lodging per week .." oo
Board w ithout Lodging 4 oo
Board and Lodgm g per dav 1 oo
Oregon City, Oct. Sd, 1SU7. i'.e-rtf
6 3 VEGO H 0 USE!
osw ix;o, ouivjox.
.TrillX ST i 1 A ! i : Proprietor,
IS now (irepared to receive and entertain
JL all who may favor him with their patron-
i age. a lie i louse is Aew arm tne liooms are
1 Newly and Xea?"y Furnished. Tlie Table
! will be supplied with nil the de'icacies of
i the season. The House is situated near the
1 steamer landing. Toe proprietor will at all
i times endeavor to give entire satisfaction to
j ail who may favor him with a call, and
I would respectfully solicit the patronage of
i the Traveling Public. -H:tf.
j Board per w eek " oO
i Board and Lodging ij Oo
j Single Meals oo
Established since lsio, at the old stand,
Ma'.x Sti:i:et, Onimox Cn v.
assortment of Watches, Jew
ami Seth Thomas' weight
T ' elrv,
S S Clocks, all of which are warranted
j . . i. .v. i
lO O' tLS 1 i l 'S li !t'l.
v. A
Betiairings done on short notice
ancl thankful tor past favors. !
V V pecially of Cam mah, that they have
established a Store at that place, where they
will keep on baud a well assorted stuck of
Merchandise ancl Groceries.
Willi-, win
tmrpose of
be sob 1 ai reasonable rates, for the
(staoiismng pennaticntlv sucn a I .
tvat Canemali. Trv us. (:;'
H'fit Siue Jfon Strai t, li tir.-. n &.o.otl and
Third, Oriijmi City.
The proprietor begs leave to inform bis
friends and the public generally that the
above nem-ed popular saloon is open for their
accommodat ion, w ith a new and weH as-rt-ed
supply of the linest brands of wines,
liquors and cigars. ;"-
A. H.
A. r.VItKKK.
AXi) 'iC.VLEiiS IX
Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints
J'erfuiiicry, (Jus, I aruishcs,
And every article
kept in a Drug Store.
M a ix Sti;i:i;t, Orkgox Citv.
First Class Fine or Coarse
Made or Bepaired. F'.special care and at- !
tention paid to orders for line w ork, such as j
Ladies and .Misses r me liatters, utma xuie
-one 1 I a t iioot:
; Orders solicited from abronu win us
executed with m-atness and dispatch.
-lO.tf Green st., Oswego. Oregon.
ijiron'rr.K and dealer in
Sheet Music, ami Musical Merchandise ot
all kinds. Sole Agent in Oregon for
JIikoii S; II mliii'j
a x n
S; inway pott's
First street, next door to the Post Otliee
Portland, Oregon. (4.tf
C . P . FERRY,
-Lute Ferry A Foster,)
.'ES XI CI 22..
No. leS Front street, Portland.
. . t::, nn.l Storrnn 1 "lp
A gent !N orth LntiMi and ivieicant.ie
Insurance Company
And Mauhattan Life Insurance Co
" Bonds, and Real Estate bought and
sold on Commission. I ' 1 3
;VV henry IlUMllEr
Having purcliased the above Brewery,
wishes to inform the public that he is now
prepared to manufacture a No. 1 quality of
.rood as can be obtained anywhere in the
tat"e Orders solicited and promptly filled
Orc'-on Citv, December Jth, lsihL l-.'tf
Dealers in California, Vermont, and
Italian Marbles, Ohclisls, Monit
vients, IRad and Foot stones,
Salem Orkgojj.
Mnutles and Furniture Marble furnished
to order.
i - r - c - - efs"?Wfl - i - W' -v..-.v-. ..
From the sunlight on the uplands
To ti e shadows in the vale.
Where, from out the in Ids of stubble,
Pipes the whistle of the quail ;
From the brown light of the meadows,
From the wimple' of the t ill,
Glad voices of the beautiful
Are calling to us still.
The ever-pre?ent Beautiful !
How cheering is its voice
When it soundeth out from Nature
And biddeth us rejoice
That everywhere is loveliness
Above, below, around
From the leaf upon the tree-top
To the pebble on the ground;
From the tiny blade that pierceth
The hard, unyielding soul,
To the rarest flowers that blossometh
Alter years of care and toil ;
From the rudest shell the ocean
Casts lonely on the beach.
To the gem of priceless value
Far down beneath our reach.
The Beautiful! the Beautiful.'
It parts the goldfn hair
That gleams ia sunny brightness
On the blow of morning fair ;
Itsmilet . in the arrowy light
That darts amid the trees ;
And it whispers in the sisrhmg
Of the gentle evening breeze.
From the rock the water dripping
Laves the willow in the dell;
And beneath the cooling umbrr.go
Bird and blossom love to dwell.
Beauty's spirit hath its home there ;
From the valley, rock and rill
Bird and bloom in beauty'tf language
Bid us hear her voices still.
" e have heard them when the morning
Lighted up the forest's jlcom,
And woke to song the biruhng,
And oped t he lragrant bloom.
Ancl in the hush of evening,
Sittm-- 'neath the threshold vine,
e have heard them sounding solemn
in the melancholy pine.
Sweet voices of the Beautiful'!
They whisper Hope and Love:
They teach our fainting faith to look
And gather strength' above.
For whoso sent such beauty's bloom
To valley, rock and hill.
Hath kept for us, beyond the tomb,
A heaven of beauty still.
F.thki. Gukv.
Uiaiity is I'o-.vei.
What power was ever equal to
that of getting an olJ, ugly, vulgar,
pouting, and hitherto disappointed
woman, into the " very best socieUT'
Yet Der.aty beauty of the very
liighest order does thi, says the w
pcrlal Review. It is magical, and
may well bespoken of as gifted with
a wand. Venus has probably no
other title but that of Victrix. When
is she ever an v thine: else? Turn
from mythology to political ccoriom-,
and the point for which wc contend
remains equally clear. What is the
definition, in that accurate science, of
the value of a thing? Its purchasing
power. What is there that Beauty
cannot purchase? Let it be born
lowly, ana it snail order itseit a
dukedom, and will not improbably
get it. Of course, the tone of the
market varies from time to time
Mercantile affairs, we all know, are
subject to oscillation. But Beauty
can always buy something like the
thincr it wants. If the beautiful
beggar maid cannot always invest in
a king, the beautiful bourgenoise need
never despair, at least, of obtaining
some lordlitig or other. Should
Beauty be fairly born, but disagree
ably poor, Beauty may drive into
Lombard street, or even walk thith
er, and take her pick of the jcuncsse
dorce of its celebrated bank parlors.
And even if Beauty be born a fcol
and ill naturtd people pretend that
such is often Beauty's fate its pur
chasing power is so unlimited that
should it, against all probability, con
descend to bid for the brains of the
mncf viciiwT tmwlrlloil fiorro'1 Lirr!tnr
, . '
of the KlOSt eloquent preacher, Of the
most promising young diplomat in
the service, there will be no manner
of difficulty in making it a bargain.
Thus its purchasing power would
seem to be commensurate with all
desirable commodities. But between
it and all other things which enjoy
purchasing power there is this re
markable difference. In the lans
guage of political economy, they are
exchanged for the commodity which
they command. But Beauty makes
no change. It buys everything, so
to speak, without paying for it. It
purchases birth and wealth, and when !
it has purchased these two excellent
things, everybody actually declares
aloud that it is more beautiful than
"We must not omit to point out
another peculiarity in the power of
beauty, or we might not be thought
to have fully demonstrated our case.
Beauty is power in all times and un
der all circumstancep, whereas every
other attribute which sophists may
pretend to be likewise power, can lay
claim to be such m a very limited
sense, and only under certain favora
ble conditions. The power of beauty
-is unconditioned it is absolute; it is I
universal. Ail other power is, at
best, but particular. Let us take for
example the instance embodied in
the dictum, " Knowledge is power."
Knowledge is power in a debating
society, or in an asthetic tea room;
but hat is its power at a ball or in j
a street row
As Dr. Johnston says,
" Go in the square and give one man
....i.i! i .. .-rr1 ... -r--Wi-nriiT-r-
shilling, and see which will respect
you the most." Bigotry is power at
Exeter Hall, and even Ignorance is
power at a meeting of the Reform
League. Has not America had its
'Know Nothings," and was not pow
er their very beings' end and aim?
But Beauty is power everywhere and
always. You may see it interrupt a
lecturer, disconcert a preacher, and
make an orator forget the thread of
his argument. It disturbs the saint
at his pra ers, the poet at his sonnet,
and even the accountant laboring at
his sum-total. I has even happened
that Section D of the " British Asso
ciation" was as good as closed for
the day by the unexpected entrance
of Beauty. I'resident, Vice Presi
dent, Secretary, were in just as bad
case as Paola Malatesta and Fran
cesco, when they closed the book and j
rend no further on. The English !
Legislature, thereby once more prov
ing its claim to be considered the
moit practical assembly in the
world, whilst admitting Beauty to
its debates, and thus testifying to its
power., bears still stronger witness to
the truth of our proposition, by re
fusing to allow it to be seen. The
perforated screen in front of the las
dies' gallery might properly carry
the inscription, in Gothic letters,
" Beauty is Power." Just as it is
unconstitutional for the Sovereign to
be present at the debates in the Low
cr House, lest his presence might
overawe or corrupt freedom of
speech, so the presence of Beauty,
and for a similar reason, is practical
ly excluded. Its smiles, like those of
the monarch, are of too acknowledged
a potency to be allowed unrestrained
admission to an assembly whose com
plete immunity from venal motives is
notorious, and which, like Oe-ar's
wife, even in the moment of reforma
tion, must not even be suspected.
We have not dwelt upon the rela
tive poweriessness oi ugliness, or
of plainness: firstly, because I
.i i - i i
tne sunject is ttisagrceaoif
or, m
other words, because what we should
be obliged to sav thereon would be
pamiuoy uue; una .eco.-u.v,
cause we think our position is too !
1 I 1 It.. 1 .
strong, even on the positive side, to
need any corroboration from what
may be called negative arguments.
We only appeal to the plain people
to look into their own hearts, and
,..v i. i-"""" ;
of beauty. They themselves, and !
they know it, make concessions to the j
...... ?T Lrt..rt r. r.,... - ..1 I U ,a . .. i
.eAuuiui, wn.cn iney never would
dream of making to their ill favored
fellows in distress. This deference
to beauty, this slavish submission to
it, may be right or may be wrong,
but it is universal. If it is not every
body's nature to practice it, all we
can say is, that everybody has caught
the habit. There is a positive con
tention in the bowing down before
this tremendous visible divinity. It
is omnipotent, and as ruthless as
fate. We even try to propitiate it,
though nine times out of teu we
know we shall fail.
Positive proof might be introduced
to show that the time has actually ar
rived when the American Senate
should imitate the English Legislas
ture and admit Beauty only to scan
the presence of the Assembly through
perforated screens. There is no man
ner of doubt but that Beauty wields
a wonderful power in Washington
Insixt Life in Cars. A Chicago
journal asserts that the horse cars in
that city are full of "bed bugs."
This seems rather an unusual habi
tation for that insect to choose: but
as Chicaqro is bound to be ahead of
' thf rest, of thf vvnrlil in pvortrtbino- i
perhaps it has introduced sleeping-
cars on the city tramways, and Inr
nished them with "every convenience,"
even to the detail above specified.
Much of what passes for
ality of thought and expression is
only freshness. The human soul
loves freshness. Nothing which does
not live, and live in perpetual varia
tion of an ever-active, changing man
ifestation, can gain and hold its ad
miration. Beauty, which so thor
oughly fascinates it, is but the evolu
tion of force, ever restlessly at work,
producing in the material and moral
world endless variety.
Taris University dates back to the j
year 7J2, Oxford to SSG, Cambridge
to 1110, Glasgow to 1450, Edin
burg to 1580, Dublin to 1591.
Major General Griersomthe famous :
cavary raider, is now in command
j of an army of one hundred colore 1
j cavalry soldiers at Fort Riley
m ritvi -rwi? AW mat T nATMTT M
The great question that appears to
. 11
be ag.tatmg the mmds of tlie people
of Oregon and Washington Territory
at the present time, aside from poli-
tics, is that of railroads. Nearly
I 1 r ... i ...... . -.
every locality has its particular route J northern route, this State will euter
to advocate. We have given con- upon a new career and will advance
siderable time to the investigation of ! in wealth and fame. This is the cer
this matter, says the Mountaineer, and j tain future, but the time can be has
thcrefore are supposed to know of j tenC(i hY energetic work and the
what we write. There are at pres- ' dissimioation of information that
ent several ronfps in pnntomnbiii.n
of being built. The people of the
northern portion of the Willamette
Valley are trying to build a road
from Portland to Sacramento, and al
ready have commenced tlie prelimis
nary arrangements. The people of
central Oregon are workin? for a
branch road to tap the Central Pa -
cific at tlie Bend of the Humboldt,
passing through a beautiful and fer
tile country in the southern portion
of our State, and crossing the Cas
cade mountains rear Eugene City,
and thcuce to Sacramento. This
route passes through a fine agricultu
ral country and deserves considera
tion; but for the present, is not as
direct a one as we should wish to see
the road come. The Northern Pa
cific route we believe will be down
the Columbia river, via the Pen
d'Oreillo Lake country, the Dalles,
Cascades, Vancouver, Monticello,
and thence to some place on Pugot
Sound. But. the route in which, for
the present, we of the Columbia
River Basin are directly concerned,
is the following one: Tapping the
Central Pacific at a point on Snake
river that is navigable for steamboats,
which we have been informed is less
than one hundred anl fifty miles
from the present location of the road,
then -connecting with the O. S. N.
Company's steamboats to Olds' Per-
1 -ttH-l'l .1 .,
I ry. r roin u;u s r erry there would
J be another portage of about one
1 hundred and fifty miles to tlie Co
( lumbia river. Thus connectincr us
...... i. .!.., .i....: . .
uiLii Lilt: i ri-iiii. it: -s nv i .i 1 1 n i
boat, probably as soon as tlie grand
. , . -n l t i c i"
truiiii will be completed to San Iran
! ciseo. This route, to our mind.
pear3 tJie bcst anj most practicable,
r,,, . , , , , , ., .
i ot; miiuuui yi lUiiu 10 uu OUUL lO
make the connection is very small
compared to the Eugene City enter
prise. This would be considered as a
temporary arrangement, but as the
business increased the entire road
could be finished to the natural ter
minQS of thesc rQa puet gf)und
Vwm ou. gcographical position, we
of Uljs sectjon of
countrv, are sure to
secure our portion of the advantages
to be gained by either or all of these
routes, and we only regret that they
cannot all be built at the present
time. All that we want is popula
tion farmers to fill up our valleys
with their thousands of herds of stock
to eat up the millions of tons of
grass that wastes upon our hills every
year. Woolen mills and manufac
tories of all kinds, and in a few years
we would become the wealthiest and
most prosperous people on the face
of this continent. We hope that our
political fi iends in " Congress As
sembled," will not be too hasty in
their decision as to which route they
will assist, with U. S. bonds; but
will first well inform themselves on
all the routes and then come to some
definite and speedy conclusion.
We shall agree with the Herald,
or it may agree with us as have
nearly all our cotemporaiies before
substantiated by the facts, that there
is not, on the face of the green earth,
a. finer country or a finer climate than
that of the Willamette Valley, and
in no time, was there ever seen a
people more contented, prosperous
aUei wealthy.
With only population
enough to entitle us to one Congress
man, the Indians have been driven
from all the more accessible portions
of the State, and roads, bridges, fer
ries and telegraphs maintained through
each important point. Portland, the j
metropolis, with a population of only
eight thousand, has nearlv a million
dollars invested in fine paved streets,
school houses, and other public works,
besides the solid capital of her stone
and brick commercial houses and her
numerous steamboats. Salem, Al
bany, Eugene City, Jacksonville,
Oregon City, Corvallis, and numer.
ous smaller towns, are all undoubted
j evidences of prospei ity which is en
viauie. nero iurmers can raise more
TT . r
wheat than upon the praries of Illi-
nois, acre fur acre, and cattle will not
require other subsistance than they
can gather themselves except when
some extraordinary winter occurs.
j Every thing that can bo produced
; finds a ready market at remunerative
prices, and a hundred times the pres-
S3, 807.
; unnnUfi-.n lli-. - o -,r,!l nr.
j v i " L j uiitbivyu w i.i l - .4 ll.l. ito t V 11 (i 3
what we have. With all these ad
rt i ,
vantages, Oregon has a most brill-
i iant future; whoever demos it is i either
; prejudiced or "blind. Willi ranroads
j through the A alley and across the
north -rn rnnto t htc SIfntn um ontflc
! will attract immigrants. Let this
be done now, so the existing genera
tions can gee their hopes fulfilled.
Men who can recollect St. Louis as
a frontier post, aad who came across
the continent through hostile tribes
for the patriotic purpose of saving
this territory from the British, will
I live to see tLe Straits of Juan de
Fuca. white with the sails of East
Indiamen, and Lake Superior con
nected with Puget Sound bv a
double-track railroad. All this with
in the three score and ten years of
one man! Was ever such progress
made before by any people? We
Americans have conjured more than
I Rome and Alexander did, and in less
time. Force, like interest and mo
mentum, increasing in a compound
ratio, more can be expected in Gne
year now than was required of three
before, and from this stand point the
existence of a rival to San Francisco,
on Puget Sound, within twenty years
is no Utopian idea, but a commer
cial calculation.
r o
Fossil Ivory fkom Alaska. A
few days since we saw a letter
f from Mr. Dall, who is pursuing scien
tific researches in Alaska, in which he
stated that fossil remains of the ele
phant and musk ox were frequent
in a
extending for 1,300
m les from the coast, along the river j known as Last Chance Gulch. They
Youkon to Fort Youkon, ia the inte- j discovered gold here, but as is gener
rior. We now learn from a morning ally tlie case with miners, hoped for
cotemporary that remains of the mas better things further on, and thcre
tadon have also been found in Alaska fore, went to the head of Sun river,
and that a portion of a well-preserved j At that point (which has at various
tusk belonging to that extint monster i times proved so disastrous to our
was brought to San Francisco by the prospectors.) they met with no sue
officers of the Western Union Tele- cess, and returned to this place in
graph Expedition, while another spe- August. Realizing that it was get
cimen has been sent to the Smithso- j tmg late in the season, and that they
nian Institute at Washington. Fos- , must soon fix themselves somewhere
sil ivory is found in several portions j for the winter, they determined to
or the Arctic regions in quantities ; commence active mining operations
sufficient to make it of commercial j here, remarking that it was their
importance, and may yet be cliscov
ered ia such quantities in Alaska.
Entire remains of the. elephant and
mastadon have been found well pre
served in ice. European accounts
describe a complete carcass, with the
flesh and hair in a good state of pre
servation, of an elephant which was
found melting out of the ice in the
North Sea some years ago, having
come down from early geologic
ages. The mastadon tusk mentioned
by the Alia was found near Bhering's
Straits; it was about 12 feet in length
and 17 inches in circumference and
some portion of the ivory is well
enough presrved to be useful. Col.
Bulkley says the bones and portions
of the hair and skin of an animal of
this species, where found a few years
since, embedded in the ice, near
East Cape, on the Siberian side of
Behring Straits, and are now de
posited in the Royal Museum at St.
IIouace GiiEELEY New York let- j
ter writers tell of Horace Greeley, j
that upon the arrival in this country of j
Mrs. Yelvcrton, with whom he had j
been m correspondence, Greeley sent .
her a note requesting an interview,
and simply signed himself "II. G." j
No answer coming, he wrote again
with no better success, and in a fit of
indignant curiosity he jerked his hat
! on the back of his head and rushed for
the Albcrmarle Hotel. The lady
was delighted to receive the editor of
the Tribune, and mutual explanation followed hira to the cross and tomb,
followed. She had mistaken thesim. i anj received the first blessing of the
p!e initials, "II. G." for the figures j r-isen Lcrd? Woman ever kind
109, and didn't know what to make j anj compassionate, the very name
of it all. Persons familiar with Grec- j seems to breathe of love and adora
ley's signature can very well under- ! lln-
stand how such a mistake could ! TT ' ' ----
i How no you view that Light :
, i The Iluutsville, Texas, Times, savs:
ThA mi,,J.Pr of families is incmcis- I " We want peace a lasting peace,
ing every day who g:ve up house-
keeping as a means of rest from fain- eratea anu tne m s upueiu aim eu
ilv cares, and resort to that miserable ! forcc( whatever party or power
and most unwise mode of life, board
ing at a hotel or in some private fam-
i ily, to get more dissatisfied than ever
; r ,..t,;i., r!i;n,r
I Hi It fir lllUlUll. Ill C c " lii I'U'iii
j into baJ hcakh ftoJ bad habits of va.
; rious kinds.
The New Bedford Mercury thinks
: that by the aid of his acting Attor
! ncy General. Mr. Johnson could pro
i cure affidavits to the fact of his total
I Hi.jtnrv of II-!j flti-
j ---.j.
j T. . , j .
i It is much to be regretted that the
j e q of
j the Qf Nq
j enthQsi 5ndu J
I '
celebrations commemorative of the
laying of the first log, than could this
same city of Helena, which has in
three short years attained to the
position of the metropolis of Montana.
But the natal day of our town is un
known, says the Herald. The gold
seeker, who, half doubling, laid log
upon log, and thus constructed the
first building in our town, was think
ing only of the chips that flew from
his axe, and of the mud be used for
"daubing," and did not see around
him the future city of eight thousand
inhabitants the busiest between the
Missouri and the Pacific, with its
granite buildings and banks, news'
papers ancl telegraphs. His mem
orandum book was, therefore, do
voted exclusively to his private gold
report, which showed him how his
little spot of mining ground was pav
ing ; and when he finished his cabin
he made note of the fact. Had he
foreseen the future he would have
made this entry ; " To day I laid the
foundation of the largest city in the
mountains, the centre of the richest
mining district in America, and the
wonder of the age on account of its
rapid growth." But, although the
exact date of Helena's birth is in
doubt, we know that it took place
some time during the month of Sep
tember, 1S0L
In the month of July preceding, a
party of Georgians who had left Vir
ginia City for the purpose of pros
pecting in this section of the country,
stopped for a short time in what is
" lust chance," and thus giving the
name " Last Chance" to the gulch,
nearly opposite where Taylor &
Thomson's store is now situated, ana
there was supposed to be no gold
above there. We may remark, at
this point, that this bar gave to the
five men who worked upon it, a for
tune of fifty thousand dollars each, in
the course of two years. The pros
peels being much better than at first,
building commenced, and the first
cabin, consisting of oi'.e room, was
erected about the middle of Septem
ber, 1801, by John S. Cowan, com
monly called " Uncle Johnny," and
the first discoverer of geld in the
Wo.mav. Is it not strange, after
all the Bible says of woman and
women, ladies should be preferred by
many of her sex. " She shall be
called woman," is the first intimation
that we have of her name. We read
of the gentle, loving Ruth, the quecn-
y Esther, and Elizabeth, the mother
of John, all as women, and she, who
was the most exalted of ail, Mary,
the mother of Jesus. If lady had
been a superior title, or something
equivalent to it, it surely would have
been conferred upon her. True, she
was poor, the wife of a carpenter, her
babe was born in a manger, yet the
angels rejoiced, and the morning stars
sang together, as she (a woman) held
the child in her arms. Who bathed
the Savior's feet with her tears, and
! we want to see the constitution ven
1 . i -i.v i i..i i i
that will give us these, will com
rnand our support. We have had
enough of blood enough of woe of
strife glee us peace a lasting peace
based upon principles of constitu
tional right and justice, and we arc
content." According to the con
struction of some, it was unconstitu
tional to suppress the rebellion.
The Hon. Henry Cowper, M. P.,
i for Hertfordshire, is coming to the
United States.
'9 VP
The gold board of the metropolis,
says a New York correspondent, is
about as good a place as can be found
anywhere to study human nature,
either upon its brightest or its sachjest
side. There "Bulls" and " Bear"
abound, and endeavor, financially, to
tear cafh other to pieces. To ac
complish this, every cunning artifico
that can be devised, and every spe
cies of deceit, dissimulation, mean
ness and rascality is resorted to. If
a " BuIP can " dean out" a " Bear,"
great is the joy of the " Bull," and o
loudly will he roar in gladness and
del:ght ; and all the circle of " Bulls"
will join in chorus over the crushed
and ruined " Bear." If, on the other
hand, a "Bear" can. -get his claws
upon a " Bull," he will never let go
his grip until he has squeezed out of
him all he possesses, and he is left a
complete wreck of his former self.
Notwithstanding such feelings are
manifested by these speculators in
the precious metal, and notwithstand
ing some of them stand on the very
top of the ladder of wealth to day,
and to-morrow lie bankrupt at the
foot of it, nevertheless they take theO
event very philosophically and laugh
and dance and sing "do" 11 care away,"
hoping as the wheel of fortune rolls
round, it will open for them new
chances of gain and send them spin-,
ning into some favored " clique" or
" combination," where hundredsare
i in an
hour, tens of thousands in a day, hun
dreds of thousands in a week, and
millions in a month.
It is a blessed thing, perhaps, to
get, rich in this speedy way ; but
when a : bear" or a " bull" of Wall
street docs so he never rests satisfied.
There isno peaceful, unselfish con
tent for him. There is an infatua
tion, an excitement, a pleasure, in
gambling in gold and in knocking
stocks up or down, that never leaves
these people ngtil tljey either die or
become utterly bankrupt, not only in
money, but in health and reputation.
The gold board is indeed a curious
place to visit when "stocks are up"
or " stocks are down." Such scenes
of dolcfulness and despair of hilarity
and mirth intermixed, are never
witnessed anywhere else cutside the
walls of an insane a-ylu n. Recently,
suddenly, and without any real cause, q
gold, bounded up to 147L 1 said
there was no real cause, and there
was none, except that there was a
combination of " bulls," made for the
purpose of putting it there, and, if
possible, carry it to 150. Just at
this juncture, however, three of the
government brokers appeared upon
the scene, who determined to dash
the expectations of the " bulls'" to
the ground, and carry delight and
joy into the camp of the " bears," by
throwing upon the market a large
amount of the coveted metal. They
threw millions upon the market,
causing it to fall instantly, until it
touched 142. Great was the dis
may among the " bulls," who, ter
rified, subsided, growing, and yet
biding their opportunity to get
"square" with Uncle Sam's agents
and the resuscitated " bears," who
were dancing joyously and delighted
around them. The Herald had an
editorial on this downfall of the
" bulls," end, in speaking of the
brokers who operated in behalf of the
Government, called them the " Three
Black Crows." On the following
morning these brokers made their
appearance in tlie Gold Bogrd again.
when a scene occurred, which, for O
doleful ludierousncss, was never sur
passed on the mimic stage. The
" bulls," in large numbers, formed in
a circle around the brokers, and com
menced singing in most doleful and
lugubrious strains the words:
" Threw black crows sat on a tree,
As black as black could be," etc.
At the end of each verse the chorus
of " Kaw! kaw ! ! kaw ! ! !" resound
cd through the vast room until it
seemed as if an immense throng vt
crows had left some miserable corn
field in disgust, and taken shelter in
the place where " bulls" and " bear"
most do congregate. Of all the
scenes which have occurred in the
Gold Room and there have been
many none ever surpassed tins; ana,
- . . i . . . 1 1
be imagined, the Govern
as may
j ment brokers were giau to escape
t t -a
from the room as eipe uiuuubiy u
Multitudes of earth's toiling mi3
lions have died while striving to
make enough money to retire from
business, and in a beautiful cot&ge
cn their own little farm spend tL-.
I remnant of their days in rest, in IiM
I ing nothing in particular to do.
1 K
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f .
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