0 o o O O 0 o o 0 o i J ; Oregon !-- - ' " ' ' " """" Vol. 2. City S-TiTnnirn"r'nr SMI fe3 fl i i .13 J E W II 0 jljcUcckln Enterprise. .-i tiiit OSMG 9 D. C. IRELAND, .i cirF Ponlh oust corner of Firm and WV' in tIlc building lately known O tbVeJurt House, Oregon City, Oregon. Terms of Sttst rSj.tioji. One copv, one rear in advance "' , V' ' if delayed 4- 00 tn niiv ratron in the past who will send and Five Dollar,, we .HI forward two receipts iu full tor one year, lc"$ A reduction of titty cents per anuum cr"py- clubs MaviK formed at the following rates: jY,j cofiM one year, and one to the Vuerupoftheehil) -jtu 'n-f'.v copies one year, and two ex tra copies to the Kter up of e oy ll'iiie.i to' separate addresses if desired. 'H'l.c cash to accompany each rli;r' jn; ' f'Voly, otherwise the regular rau.- ?. iccfiar.!, ami advance payments consid S el to Ee wUMatbtf range o"mrty or Mty V Terms r,f Advertising. ff,-nt advertisements, one square linear less Virst.nSert.o ...2j F.rfh subsequent msertum 10-' io'"" Cards one square per annum pa.rM quarterly J- Oue colon),, per annum 1- wbaifc.ja,a ;; J; ., One iinartei ,- r - v ' ; U-A advertising at the established rates. Book ani? Job Printing ! fjHE K T E It PUIS 11 O F F I C E li Mippli'-d with every requisite fur doing superior style of work, and is constant ly arriuuahttingnew- and beautiful styles of MitrriSI, and prepared for every variety of hook ami J on jriMNTING-! AT SATtSi-WrTOltY l'WW..s. The Pubif. are invited to call and V.aml!H' ooiLi urn .-i.v.iiji u.3 for d.intr work. " J'ROIESSWXAL CARDS. Dr. F. Barclay, Iff. 11. C. L.4 Formerly Surgeon to the lion. II. 1$. Co.) Main Street C '( Oregon City. Dr. CHARLES BLACK, : Physician, Surgeon and Accoucheur. OFFICE Corner of Washington and Front streets, I'urrish's lilock, l'oi tiaud, Oregon. KESIDF.XCIv AVashinton street, between Fourth and Fifth streets. w. C. JOHN-SOX. V. O. M COWN. X'tirj I'itlAlc. J.3HNS0N & EIcCOWN, OllKGOX CITV, OKEGOX. lJ" Will attend to ail business eotru-ied t I'rrtr care in any of the Courts of the State, cUect money, negotiate loans, sell real C3- t (. etc. ; V -"Particular attention given to eonte.-ted land eases. 1 .v 1 E. r. Kl SSKl.L. r. I ALTON. RUSSELL & DALTON, Attorneys and Counselor at Law, Solicitor in Chancery, and Real Estate AgenU. Will practice in the Courts of the second, t'.iirdauil fourth Judicial Districts, audio the ujiriMtie Court of Oregon. 1-1 'Special attention given to the collec tion of claims at alJ points in the above luun-eiJi-trirts. Oliieein I'arrish's brick building, Albany, Ores; ii. ( 2S. J. H. M ITCHKI.I.. J. X. DOI.I'lt. Kitchell, Dolpli U. Smith, Attorneys ait't) Counsellors at Law, Solicitors in Chancery, and V roc tors in Admiralty. I-'-" fhliee over the old l'ost Oilice, Front itwt, l'oitiaud, Oregon. (ly) B E N T 0 N K I L L I H, Oics;oii City, Orrgoii. OHice iu Charman's li rick lilock, up tUirs. (,")0:tf) D. IVI. McKENWEY, Athitfry and Counsellor al Laic. UriI.I. ATTF.XI) J'UOMl'TLYTO ALL T business entrusted to his care, Okvick Oiu- door north of HelKt Parker's lii-' store, On-gon City, Oregon. 3:ly J. B. UPTON, II A, tcknky AND C N S E LOR - ATL A W , ' $ Oregon City, Oregon. I -f 7" Oihce over the store of Pope &. Co., ,iiu street. l-t.tf c7L doTph Attorxev and Counselixr at Law, : ':" Otlice IOC Front street, Portland, Ore- t'"11- iv;.m M. IiIOORE, J'ie nf the Peace City Recorder. cr O.Tico In the Court House and City Council uooni, Urcgon Cit'. Will at ten, 1 to ibr npl-n.i,, !.. .1 -.t .r -rts. ami ad other duties appertaining to ,J'!iico of Justice of the Peace. -fiy J. iV7ELCH, DENTIST. f -y J at Or.yon Ciy, Orojoh - 'iis over Charman i IJro.'s store. Main Ji"- UKAI.V. V. S. STKVK.XS. y-tjr I'uhlic. ... baly & Stevens', .it. I; ;,,(,,- Vau::Iin's riek. corner f ;-''rj:s'-n ami Frv-nt'sts, Portland, Oregon. i-i.;.' ' ar;cular attention s;iven to the ad- -"'(iy ut aeconr.ts I..Mr:,! uml tlipr .',I!I"N tr:oiscribed at shot notice. ? . O - . GuARLES S. WHITMAN. '""'".' at Lair: :!-"K Corner of Fifth and D streets, O Washgtoa City, D. C. r ", 4 i-?cial attention given to the adjust- '' !ss"l;' - of patents tor pri vateland . '"-'":;I -tion and Homestead settlu- '.' ' ' 's-.-s bi,..::;v.-.J. ':.-.-?'-'! : - - . i-.-. L I o o. o o 0 i ff,,, i -. t, --f .rw;-rr. M.. f r1fr Trr. ; , .,,,..., mmm , j II l -LJHM . ........ ,amm i -w t- -r f -r --r T" ff ri V T J Tv f1 i 7i U SIXES S CA RD S. CLIFF HOUSE . Mais Street, Xearhj Opposite Woolen Factory, V T. VniTF. I t, ...... - - - - - i iu latiyis. T. W. KHOADF.S, J 1 Oregon City, Oregon. We invite the citizens of Oregon City, and the traveling public, to give us a .share of their patronage. Meals can be had at all hours, to please the ir.ost fastidious. 15 Kotice to'the Public. I HAVE this day closed the Barlow House in favor of the Clitt' House. Hope lip oid customers will give their liberal patron age to the above well kept house. They will find Messrs. White & Jlhoades always on band to make guests comfortable. WM. HARLOW. Oregon City, August 1, IS')". AMERICAN EXCHANGE. (Tate LSCOLX Ti'OUSE So. SI Front strict, Portland Oregon. L.. I. W. QUI.MIiY. I'i'.oriUKTOU, (LaU f M'txttm Twtd.) This house is the most commodious in the State, newly furnished, and it will be the en deavor of the proprietor to make bis guests coiv.for'aib-e. The IJaggaga Wagon will al ways be found at the iand'ng on the arrival of steamships and river boats, carrying bag gage to the house free of charge. LI T.ly OREGON HOUSE, .Main Street Oregon City. JACOB BOEIIM, Proprietor. ESTABLISHED 1S.37. HEDrCTICX IV PIllCES! The undersigned wishes to give notice that from Saturday, October ,"th, li7, prices at the above house will be as follows : Uoard and Lodging per week $ 00 Hoard without Lodging 4 00 Hoard and Lodging per dav 1 00 JACOB BOL'IIM. Oregon City, Oct. Gd, 1m)7. ."0:tf OVEGOliO U S E ! OSWKGO, OKLGOX. .7 O H X S C H A l ) li P ro j i i e t o r , IS now 'icpared to receive and entertain all who may favor him with their patron age. The House is New and the Rooms are Newly and Neatly Furnished. The Table will be supplied with all the delicacies of tin; season. J tie House is situatetl near rne steamer lauding. The proprietor will at all times endeavor to give entire satisfaction to all who may favor him with a call, and would respectfully solicit the patronage of the Traveling Public. 41:tf. Hoard per neck 5-5 00 Hoard and Lodging 0 On Single Meals '. o0 W. F. EiGllFIELD, Established since 134'.', at the old stand, Main Stkeet, Oimiiox City. An assortment of Watches, Jew c'.rv, and Seth Thomas' weight Clocks, all of which are warranted to be as represented. Kepainngs clone on snon nonce, yun thankful for past favors. ("J7 CANE M A II STGUE! JAMES MOIiriTT & CO., -T-vroULI) INFORM THE I'UHLIC ES- peeially of Canrinali, that they have established a Store at that place, where they will keep on hand a well assorted .stock of Merchandise and Groceries. which will be sold at reasonable rates, for the purpose of establishing permanently such a necessity at Cauetnah. Try us. y SHADES SALCOIJ. West Side Mai Sfi-ot, t-iren Sicond and Tiui-d, Oroj :,i City. GEORGE A. IliiAS Preprietor. The proprietor begs leave to infirm his friends and the .public generally that the above named popular saloon is open for their accommodation, with a new and well assort ed supply of the finest brands of wines, liq tiers and cigars. 52 A. H. BELL. K. A. PA II KE It, BELL & PARKER. 2f AXI DEALERS IX Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints, Perfumery, Oils, Varnisli.cs, And every article kept in a Drug Store. S-3.) Main Stkket, Okkoon Citv. NOTICE TO ALL "r110 WANT First Class Fine or Coarse Made or Repaired. Especial care and at tention paid to orders for fine work, such as Ladies' ami Misses Fine (Jaiters, Gents' Fine French Calf Routs, etc. ZJ 'Orders solicited from abroad will be executed with neatness and dispatch. TKRWILLKiER A SMITH, 40.tf Green st., Oswego, Oregon. E. G. RANDALL, IMPORTER AXu DEALER IN' MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, Sheet Muic, and Musical Mere'oandise of all kinds. Sole Agent, in Oregon for M i, ,.u tV llain'.iii's CELKBHVi'iilJ t'ABiXET OUCAX! AND - SSiiiiwuy vi; Son's OOIiU MKDIL PX FORTBS ! First street, next door to the Post Ollice Portland, Oregon. (4.tf C . P . FERRY, (Late Ferry k Foster,) .L2S jz:. c2 ess No. I'.'S Front street, l'oi tiaud. Agent North British and Mercantile Insurance Company. Aud Manhattan Life Insurance Co f-i OYF.RNMENT SFCURITIES.STOCKS V I Hoods, and Real Estate bought and sold on Co;mn;ssiOH. 3:lj " OREGON CITY BREWERY ! HENRY 11 U 71 BEL, Having purchased the above Rrewery, wishes to ie.Jorm the iubiic that he is now preoared to manufacture a No. 1 quality ot LAGFR BRER! As good as can be obtained anywhere in the St-.t. Driers solicited and oromrtly tilled. iln,.Tn I'i-v December tistli. 1',;. 10tf A. J. MOXROK. A. K. MELI.EX. K0NR0E a r&ELLENj Dealers in California, Vermont, and Italian Marbles, Ok litis, Monu ments, Ilea l an i Fool atones, Salem Oregon. Mantles and Furniture Marble famished : ' if m ORSGOi TEMPEKAXCE ALH31IESS. MlLWA t'KIE, ORt'OON', ) October, 25th, 1S0T. ) IIok. J. II. MiTcnELL, Portland, Oregon : Sir Wo, the undersigned, having lis tened with deep interest to your able and eloquent address, delivered by invitation at Mihvankie, on the 4th hist., and believ ing as ve do that its publication in the Oregon- City Enterprise, would accom plish much good for the cause of temper ance, would most respectfully request a copy for publication. JOHN PACKER, A. J. BORLAND, J. II. LAMBERT, E. ROSd. PoitvLANn, Oregon, ) October iWth, 1SG7. j Messrs Jonx Packer, J. II. Lambert, A. J. Bouland, and E. Ross, Mdwaukie, Oregon: Gentlemen: Your polite request of the 25th inst., for a copy of an address deliv ered by me at Milwaukee on the ith inst., for publication in The Enterprise, is re ceived, and in compliance with such re quest I herewith place at your disposal the manuscript. Yeur obedient servant, J. II. MITCHELL. ADDRESS : Mr. President. Ladies and Gentlemen. In response to your kind invitation I present myself upon this occasion to ad dress you upon a subject as old as the his tory of our race, but, one, nevertheless, which remains unexhausted by either argument or eloquence, and which, not withstanding its antiquity, may well com mand our serious consideration. Before proceeding to do so. however, you must permit me to acknowledge the" compli ment conferred in being called from among those who are outside of the present pow ered temperance organization of this State, to address you the more especial ly as tii'd organization has within its pale so many able and eloquent champions of this truly great physical, moral, social and political reform. I hope, however, that I do not trespass upon your credulity, w hen I say to you that although lam not a mem ber of 3-our organization lam nevertheless your friend, ami while you. ladies and gen tlemen, clad in the full armor of o.Toeiual organization, go forth bearing in your strong right arm the sword that has been wrought out by the power of well planned, and carefully disciplin ;d association, to strike down and slay the tvleuholie demon, you shall have my sympathy iu your noble etibrts. ami I shall rejoice at your victories won. There is-perhaps no subject more diffi cult to discuss, or speak, or write upon than that of temperance or intemperance. The former is taught by the laws of our being as one of the highest and most nec essary of all the virtues that adorn and sustain the race, the latter, or intemper ance, is shown by experience to be the canker worm of human life, the destroyer of the body, the corrupter of the heart, the poisoner of the mind, and the ruin of the soul. On the former, nature lias laid her eternal foundations, while in the latter are found the disturbing forces that break the equlibriuui of the structure and dis turb the foundations themselves. Tem perance is the normal atmosphere or state of man in which he will grow to physical, intellectual, ami moral perfection, while upon the other hand, intemperance th. volicd try (xtinction f reasun.'' the abnor mal state that transforms man into a being infinitely below the brut'1. Temperate habits are the sign boards along man's life that points him forward on his earth ly journey to success, t prosperity, wealth, influence, power, respectability, comfort, joy, contentment, if not to complete hap piness, while their opposite, man's in temperate habits, his occasional glass, will grow upon him with ceas:ehss certainty, and inevitable fatality, until finally they ripen into fangs of iron that work their fearful barbs into the verv soul of their ry s unconscious victim and he is thus dragged down the dreary walks of life into the chilling vales of penury, of wrechtoduess. of dishonor, and litmSly into that still darker abode where must congregate and forever dwell the irretrievably lost. To compare the life of the temperate man with that of the intern .".-rale, is to compare joy with sorrow, gladness with grief, day wiiii night, life with death. Although intem perance sooner or later must bring poverty, all poverty is not dis graceful. The unfortunate mother with scarcely rags to cover the nakedness of her little ehihOf not the result of intemper ance, may lie down to rest in that old roofless building, and in that cot of straw, with the beams of happiness and content ment radiated from her peaceful brow. It is intemperance that causes the rags of poverty to h'il with the seething serpents of a fearfully Crushing sorrow, and whoso hissing sounds, portentous of future an guish, drive away the sleep from a troub led mind. It is intemperance that gives to penury its severest Jiangs, and to the home of plenty its poisoned chalice. " What is it breaks the heart of the drunk ards wife?'' It is not that he is poor, but that he is a drunkard. It is because that countenance that once beamed with af fectionate, eloquent, love, and intellectual brightness, is now distorted with passion and robbed of every gleam of intelligence. It is because he whom she once delighted to call hu.-band. has been transformed by the transforming power of alcohol into one whose touch is polluting whose infirmities are the witnesses of his guilt, who has blighted all her hopes and proved false to the vow that made her his But you are doubtless expecting from me a practical discourse upon this occasion directed mainly against the evils of intem perance, and perhaps suggesting remedies which at least may ai'.ay its horrors, if they do not s"op its progress. You will per mit me therefore, to be systematic in my remarks although it may lead to a certain coldness of manner rather than an elo quent discussion of a subject so common ami yet so difficult : and I shall fulfil my own expectations on this occasion if I en able any one of you to say on your retire ment from this Hall that" you are better informed in the path of duty than when you came here this evening. I shall pre sent four distinct points or general heads for consideration in the view I shall take this evening of the general subject which shall be that of intemperance rather then temperance, viz. The Physical social, and moral effects, concluding with some remarks upon the proper remedy of the evil. And first therefore as to the physical effects of alcoholic drinks. That alcohol is a poison, is established as well a:; any other chemical fact. This is unquestiona bly true of it ia its simple, original, and pafcei state, and it is' doubly so ia the present corrupted state of the manufac ture of that article and it may well be doubted whether under the presvnt temp tations to adulteration any pure wine, or liquors of any kind can be found in the country : One of two statements is un questionably true. Either men of intem perate habits are becoming worse bv na ture than formerly, or the liquors "they drink possess a more ruinous and blight ing virus. But I am not prepared to be lieve that there is any great, change in man's original nature. I think it about -e same oa an average- as iti other end CITY, OEEGOy, SATUIMAY, earlier times, while I am quite sure the alcoholic mixtures of the present day are quite different from the pure article that was handed around the harvest field when I was a boy. 1 have a very distinct recol lection tiiat ih'd was smooth and oily, while the liquors of the present day are harsh, pungent, and in the end sickening; (and if you are not prepared to believe rue on this point I think 1 can fully sub stantiate it by my friend Esq. Da it. who is presented who I know has tried both.) Chemical analysis I say, therefore, long since settled the point that alcohol is a poison in whatever state it might be found, and experience has demonstrated it in ten thousand horrid forms. It is not neces sary that 1 should refer in detail of its cor rupting the blood, destroying the tone of the stomach and filling the brain with dis ordered elements, but it will be more use ful to look at simple facts that are easier seen and better understood fuels, real, terrible facts that everywhere stare us in the face, and with which we are all fa miliar. You have doubtless all seen a drunkard, lie is a. pitiable looking ob ject that excites at the same moment'syin pathy, disgust and horror. No matter how long or how short has been his career; no matter how long or shi rt the time it has taken to destroy the healthy mechanism of the body ; no matter how slow or bow quick the poison has poured its terrible virus through the arteries and perverted him from a man to a brute ; no matter what the superinducing causes whether prosperity or adversity, hope or disap pointment, love or hate, joy or sorrow, that induced him to allow this liquid pirate that preys upon human brains to enter his mouth, there he stands the terrible and lasting monument of its destroying power ! I'esoiate, degraded, striekened, ruined! Does such a case need comment '. Does it not most effectually speak f or itself and proclaim man's shame, his folly, and his crime V Does it not, present such a com mentary upon the sin of intemperance a3 should at once and forever dry up tills prolilic fountain of disgrace and crime 1 It is true when we see such an object, we naturally and instinctively enquire of ourselves : What has been the moving pri mal cause of effects so tremendous, so fear ful, and so destructive ? Why has the ex quisite form that once filled a mother's love, shrunk from its fair proportions to a thing of horror? Conjecture need not wait long to solve the mystery, lie was once a moderate drinker ; he began, per haps, at the solicitation of friendship ; he went on for a while with boon compan ions along the cheerful walks of life, un conscious of approaching and indeed im pending danger, until perhaps the very moment the insinuating but deadly ser pent of intemperance bound him in its everlasting f.dd.s, ami he shrieks, and groans, and finally dies ruined in time, and unprepared for that world which lies beyond, whose days and years are not marked by the dial of time, but whose un numbered ages are forever being rolled onward by the never tiring and endless vibration., of the great pendelum of Eter nity. Such a m in leaves an example to be shunned., and a name to be forgotten; for how much soever we may guild the monument that the hand of eonsauguinky or love may erect to his memory, there is no honor in a drunkard's grave. Now. my object here t j-night is to point out something spociiie illy to be done. This is the object, doubtless, of the p resent temperance organization iu this State. 1 put the question, therefore, fu cadi indi vidual here to-night do ym know o-any-such person as I have just been describing who has not yet pa.-t redemption, ftndgone entirely beyond your reach 1 If s . go after him with all the persuasive eloquence of sincerity, s, mpa:!y, and truth. Hois an immortal being and your brother, and he, like you, has emmal destinies, and in redeeming him your true reward will reach far beyond the mere gratitude of friends and partake of immortal conse quences. If I were to search lor any one object which more than another startles and shocks the sense, and which more than any other is calculated to till the soul with that peculiar shuddering that arises from an object that can otilv be seen, but never described, and which nmn than any other e.'dis for effort and reform I would seek for a m m in the last stage of this poison ous delirium, withering under solf-iniiicted conscious .agony, all real to the senses of the body, and all present to the still deeper perceptions of the soul conscious of its torture, and its cause and consequence, ready to take its everlasting leap, but con scious that it must be beyond the battle ments of hope where fiends hold carnival, yet all the while clinging to life with a tenacity made terrific by the fear of that which lies beyond! But imagination, tongue, nor pen can paint the dreadful scene, only the eye can see, and the inner sense perceive and feel the torture. Yet strangest of all fo say, that at the very mo ment when life and death meet, the victim calls for the same fiery draught that has created within him a thirst forever quench less to be repeated and re-repented till the torturing anguish ends. This, it is true, nay be an extreme type, but it h not at all uncommon multiply it by the thou sands and you may realize some faint con ception of the reality of drunkenness. In toxicating drink, 1 have stated, is a slow poison, but it is not the less sure and cer tain. Its influence is subtle but pervading. Its venomous distilments so lull to rest the natural senses of the body that suspicion of danger is not aroused until it 'm too late. Among all the habitual drunkards I have ever known I have never found one that fully realized his own condition or was willing to acknowledge it if he did. He so goes on from the first draught by in sensible degrees from mouths to years, that it is not surprising that he does not know his true condition. Of all the sources of human delusion arising from physical causes, tins is the most complete and uni versal. Well might Hie great poet of na ture say : O ! thou invisible spirit of wine, if thou hadst no name to be known by. let us call ilae Devil ;"' and no greater truth was ever uttered than that by Shakespeare, when in the play of Othello he makes Cassia say to 7'eo, "Every in ordinate cup is unblessed, and the ingre dient is a devii. ' If, then, you have per suasive tongues, use them to reconstruct and reform some fallen member of the hu man family. If you have fond desires of doing good, energize them on some thing of genius and of power, thai like a brilliant star obscured, is about to sink away for ever. Nearly three-quarters of a century ago there lay in broad daylight in the streets of Richmond, Va., the noble form of a nobler man the victim of intemperance. A lady who admired, perhaps loved him, passed where he lay, and stooping down sue wiped the du.t from his brow, left her kerchief containing her initials, and passed oa. The stupor vanished the inebriate arose, and gazing upon those initials he resolved to be a sober man, and with that cherished memento ho walked forth to bo gin his life anew, lie went to work with the animating consciousness of his own fu ture destiny, made clear to him, and en forced upon his mind, by the fact that tc-omau. with a heart of sympathy and an eye of faith, saw- in him the elements of greatness. That woman afterwards be came his wife, and that drunkard was William Wirt, the head of the American bar in the early times of our Republic. I tell you. ladies present, as long as man ; remembers the hand and blessing of his i mother, as long as memory retains the 1 power of carrying him back to the days PnTTPTTTY of his innocency to his childhood hours to a mother's arms, and a mother's love just so long your labors in the noble cause in which you are engaged will not be unavailing. "The reeling drunkard, if he will listen at all, will heed the gentle voice of woman. And although you should so tar ignore the conventional rules of so ciety, which are too frequently founded iu error and mistake, as to step aside to the drunken maniac and recognize in him an immortal being, and encourage him with words of encouragement and cheer, you willnot be disgraced, your name wiil not be dishonored, but in so doing, should you in a life-time succeed in plucking one poor unfortunate as a brand from the burning, you will weave around your fair brow a chaplet of fame more beautiful and more enduring than that which crowns the brow of the greatest military chieftain the world has ever seen. Yours will be a crown the central star of which shall be the reflection cf nn immortal soul. Have you then a favorite friend, or perhaps one who claims a nearer tie. if so, dash down the cup, put it not to his lips ; there is poison in it. It will add fuel to a flame that in due time will consume the body. Would that Its desolation stopped there ; but the burning thirst prompts the com mission of the darkest crimes, and desi cates the purest fountains of friendship, love and truth. It puts a fever in the blood that rages in tin? brain. It glares forth from the fiery, distended eye. It thunders forth its wild articulations in the maniac voice, the quivering limbs shake off the last tremor of life, and the clay cold clod that was once a man lies hi sul len death before you. 1 pass now to a consideration of the so cial evils of intemperance, and. here I w ish to confine myself within what may more properly be termed the domestic'cirele. rather than to go at present into the mightier area of society at large, as I she.!! reserve this latter topic for another part of my discourse. The domicile where a family resides is the most sacred spot on earth. It litis been consecrated by the Almighty as the basis of human increase, and He lias thrown around it all the sanc tity and purity which emanate from infi nite perfections. When Mount Sanai shone with the divine presence, and shook with the thunders of tiie divine commands, it has always seemed to me as if the tones that then made earth tremble, and which have since sent their increasing force along the stream of time, laid peculiar stress upon the law which says "Thou shalt not commit adultery," "Nor covet thy neigh bor's wife." The domicile of the family has in all ages and in all countries been protected by usage, by custom, and by law. No tribe so savage, no hordes so wild, no nation so rude, no polity so un wise as not to protect and secure the ties of consanguinity and the objects of domes tic love. The family is the unit of society; the domicile the consecrated spot where love erects her altar, win re purity wields flu; sceptre of her supremest pow er; where sportive splendors surround the charmed circle, and where pleasure plays with in fancy, smik-s (ui youth, puts the chaplet upon the brow of manhood, and wreathes around the decaying glories of old age the perennial garlands of a consolation at once human and divine. The common luv.- has declared that a man's house is his castle. No man d ue raise the latch of his door unbidden no officer of the law, though empowered to resist opposition to the man- i date lie holds, even unto death, dare resist the unwelcome entrance into the rudest cabin in the land. And why is this so ". it is because the interest of society de mands its inviolability, ami the laws of Cod and man unite in proclaiming its sa credness. Yet there is a demon that silently and stealthily undermines this holy place and scatters it with a destruc tion that no human hand can cure, no balm can restore its bruised confidence, i or mend its broken hearts. Whirled into the vortex of poverty, passion, shame and crime, the once happy group struggle with the engulphing sorrow, while remorse howls among the crested waves that roar, and fume, ami dash above and around them till they are finally borne on the re morseless billows to wreck ami irretriev able ruin. Need 1 tell you that this vile enemy of domestic peace is the demon alcohol? Need I tell you as families, to beware of its subtlety, and guard against ils insiduous and demoralizing power '! It is a fiend that dwells in every shade and character of life lrom the highest in wealth and influence, to its lowest, iu humble ob scurity. It comes from the social hall, from the elegant saloon, from the fraternal club, from the parlors of beauty, from the palatial mansion, from refined society," from gay voluptuousness, from gifted learning and exalted genius, from the beg gar's hovel and the Presidential man sion. From all alike at limes he comes in his fiery wrath ; and whenever lie comes and w herever he plants his footsteps the flowers of happiness fade and die to live and bloom no more. The happy wife " blessed into mother,'" with hopeless in fancy to plead her cause and shield her from injury and wrong, is striken down but pleads in vain. The demon knows no pity heeds no warning ; laughs at grief, despises sorrow', and tramples on the so cial ties of blood with satanic veugeanco unappcased. What matters it that the mother weeps, and pleads, and prays? Shall she die by slow degrees incarcerated in a living tomb ? Or tear assunder the bond formed by love and made sacred by religion and law? Or will she, with des pair rivette l upon her features, and im printed en the soul, widi fearful antago nism meet crime with crime and fall from virtue as she has from happiness? Oh! worse than widowed wife weep on ; toil on! When Lethe's wave has lolled o'er your soul or sheltering madness singed your brain, then you ma' find rest though it lie the consolation ef b spair aud crime. Pictures such as this are photographed in fearful boldness all over our blest and happy laud : and what is the secret cause of such remorseless unpunishable crime? Echo answers back to the deep chambers of the soul from the voices of the infinite and undying, "sin and sin alone." If a daring high-wayman should trample out the life of the mother and her offspring, one shriek, one groan or pang of agony would tell the story, aud silence would reign forever and forever more, and yet the husband oftimes becomes the torturer of his victim, and though the execution is sure to come at lat, lie delays and pro longs it with all the thrilling circum stances of fear and hope, until perverted nature tires with ils own misdeeds, and the victim is released by the sad triumph of death, exulting over a drunkard's grave. The Almighty has ordained that man shall have the power to choose between good and evil and bide the consequences of his choice, lie ha unsealed the fountains of truth, and disclosed the vortex of error. He has counseled temperance oy the ex pressive silence of the sphere's as well as the potential voice of revelation. Jle has sent forth his waters to fertilize the earth and assuage the natural thirst of man. He has ma.de man in his own image, he gave him dominion over the earth, and woman was made his helpmate and companion. Increase is a law of his nature, ana an es sential element of his being. To multiply and replenish the earth, is the command of God and the law or our being, la tuc economy of the universe the mighty mir acle of creation stilt goes on, ami yet snail continue to go on. tell all the acts of time shall be lost in the irrevocable past, and the future shall become one eternal now There is no higher destiny oa earth, no ni? RAMP.PfYFT T.TRRARY. !, holier relation among the race than that of husband and wife ; no vow more sacred than that which is made at the hymeneal nltar. The relation of parent and child flows from it ; and from aggregated fami lies rise the governments of the world. Law, both human and divine, allows to man the mastery of his family ; but it is not that of the demon, it is the sovereignty of righteousness, truth, and virtue not. that of infamy, shame, and wrong, and hence I say, that the demon alcohol when it de thrones reason and causes man to violate this law- which is too often the case, makes him guilty of a wrong that murders peace and enthrones discord, and to this extent helps to mar the harmony of the universe. There is not a broken hearted wife, there is not a weeping child; or helpless or phan, whose conditions flow from a drunken husband and father but shall weigh more heavily on the drunkard's doom in the great day of fi ml retribution, than if he came up with the assassin's dagger by his side, and the poisioning cup of murder iu his hand. The eternal conse quence hangs to each act of crime, and mixed justice here, shall be unmixed jus tice there. No man has a right to mar the image of the deity he bears, but if with suicidal hand, w hether sudden or by slow degrees he tears the image of the eternal from out his being, and leaps un heralded beyond the boundaries of time and wakes to the consciousness that a de cree has gone forth from the Omnipotent binding down the wings of his soul for ever, what will be thesupperadded gloom and honor when wife and daughter, mad dened by his act shall die from a life of shame and crime, and rising like him to the resurrection of damnation shall come to join him on his way to the borders of the everlating darkness which looms and rolls in sullen gloom before him. This is not a fancy sketch you have seen the re ality ; and so hav.l. I draw it r.ot to have it said I have dipped my pen in hor ror ; but rather have 1 endeavored to paint a moral, and deduce a rule of action, and it is this: That no man has aright to mis use himself or violate the laws of his own nature by the use of intoxicating drinks. He htis no right to pour a poison in his veins anil set his brain on lire. No more right than he has to set the flames to his own dwelling and consume himself and family in the conflagration. But heads of families frequently say 1 have a right to do as I please in my own family, and if I wish to driek it is my own business, aud if my family suffer I can make it right. Xot so while it is the law of all civilized nations and especially of our own, that a man's bouse is las castle and is consecrated to the sacred society, and inviolable re pose f its inmates, it is equally the law that the husband holds the key of this in volability as a sacred trust committed to him by the very law that protects him and his ; he is nothing more or less than the administrative agent of socio tv, and holds supremacy for its benefit and that of his family, and need I mention how often and how flagrantly this trust is vio lated? How often the wife and little ones, who ought to feel safe at home tremble at the approach of the inebriated husband and father? How often they shiver with cold, grow weak with hunger, and pine in w ant, and penury and woo, and what is yet worse, have they not at times reached the very grave itself, sent untimely there by the hand that should have saved them, and protected them from harm? Yes, how often they shrink from that ttnkiudest cut of all ' this wide world knows, of horror, shame, and sorrow, a father's and a husband's unfeeling hand lifted in hatred and conscious violence against all that, should be dear and sacred in his eyes! How often the inexorable but necessary law stops in to rescue the once loved one from a hand no longer toleralde. and Hinders the sacred tie of love and consanguinity, and sends the un fortunate victims unprotected and alone upon a cold and cheerless world, to be haunted by the phantoms of the past, and to explore iu -vain the the uncertain future for a spot of happiness and rest. Alas! they shail in ::uch a case return to their ark no more, the deluge'' of sorrow comes on apace, the wafers of adversity roar, the winds of trouble howl, ami deep toned voices of dismay, disaster and of death sound above the awful Morm ; with wearied wing they flutter, and flutter on. but shall return no more. The awful wreck, the wreck of wrecks, the family wreck, may move for a moment the feeble and helpless sympathies of mankind, but the shattered fragments of a hope once high sink to vise no more. Can heaven see such things without amazement? Can the sword of eternal justice sleep forever? Shall it not be drawn in righteous retribu tion? Yes, there shall come a time in the progressive history of civilization and of mankind when law, bathed in the spirit of the ethereal and the just, shall bend its stern rigor to the elastic folds of purity and peace, and Hing the Aegis of its power around the family circle, and protect and shield it from the fury and injustice of its own master, rendered worse than devil by intoxicating drink. There is a time to come when the inebriated husband and father shall no longer wield the sin stained sceptre of brutish authority and hurtful power over the trembling heads of unpro tected innocence. The time is drawing fast apace when the world will have risen above the polluting touch, and beyond the destroying power of this worst of cruel tyrants. Yes, there is a time advancing when the dram shop shall no longer com pete with the school house for the control of the destiny of the human intellect through the years of time ; nor yet with the Church of God for that more priceless privilege the control of the destiny of the human soul throughout the ages of J-Ao nitty. Nothing is surer than that before anoth er great cycle of time shall have revolved, this great sin against human nature, this palsying curse that falls upon society Hive a terrible nightmare, this dreadful blight of family, this offender against truth, and justice, and purify, and love; this great, remorseless violator of all the harmonies of our being, shall be sought out aud pun ished as the source of the greatest evils that afflict mankind, or disturb the p-ace and tranquility of the world. The history of the past, and the signs of the present, foreshadow such an era : for higher and higher the race is rising in the everlasting scale of progression, and the balance of Justice shall" bo held by a stronger and a mightier arm, till at length the world itself shall be swayed by the immutable laws of temoerance, that flow from the bosom of the Eternal, and are ordained bv God himself. We are told by some theologians and Rev. Mr. Earle specific all v attracted our attention to it of the unpardonable sin." that may be commit ted bv a human being who has grieved the spirit that tends on mortal thoughts, but which "shall not always strive with man.'' Enthroned in indifferance, and smiling at fate, caring not for earth, defying heaven and schooled to horror, such a being must be remorseless, relentless, and incorrigible forever, and forever! No change can reach him. eternity seizes him on the shores of time, and tries and tortures him with the weariness of that endless desolation that fills the immeasurable spaces which no combinations can number, and no mind can traverse or explore. And were I to point you to such a being, I would point von to a man who may have led the lov ing help-mate of innocent love to the altar, aud there, before God and man promised to cherish, love, and protect her; and yet. in a few short months returning home from midnight revels, with reeling form anil frenzied eye precursor of dis cord and ominous of coming change. The first ur.kindness sinks the iron thorn of a fearfully terrible woe into her confiding soul, and she realizes her lost condition a drunkard's le'j'e. Her morning is over cast, w hile each successive day shall deep en and lengthen the awful shadows, and though she may embrace the form for the sake of the life that must not die. her soul from out that shadow- shall be lifted "eeer more" "O, hearts that break and give no sign, Save whitening lips and fad mg tresses, Till death pours out his cordial wine Slow dropped from misery's crushing presses. If sighing breath, or echoing chord, To every hidden pang were given, What endless melodies were poured As sad as earth, as sweet as heaven." Oh! you young w ho start the path of life together, and follow the twin star of hope in a select existence of your own. when the holy man shall invoke heaven s bless ing on you and yours forever; when heart beats to heart, and soul answers unto soul; when you go fort)) to seek a home; then; oh, then: if never before, plant your foot steps and lay the foundations of your lives upon the rock of Temperance. Then shall love, and truth, and purity, and friendship, group their beautiful forms around your dwelling, and stand as sentinels at your " eastle"-gate j'oWr, and happily should your pride be lifted to the highest, and your hope of hopes fulfilled then, as the beautiful line comes on bring each one to the altar of your happiness, and with the air and earth and tramp I space as witness es, bid them swear to keep their footsteps on the everlasting rock also; and thus shall the long line of perpetuity, that shall soon sweep down through the fields of earth with their countless millions, be cleansed of this fearful sin of intemper once, and the race shall be redeemed. But 1 have already consumed much of your time in the two proceeding heads, and will be compelled to pass rapid!' over the two remaining heads that I, iu my out set proposed to consider namely : The moral ami remedial aspects of the case: and I will here say, that I use the term moral in its more original sense as referr ing to the manners or characteristics of society and the body politic. I do not pro pose to bring up in formidable array be fore you that vast army supposed to num ber over five hundred thousand unfortu nate inebriates in our own country, much less to present to your vision that innum erable number that is counted by millions on the habitable globe; Nor do I propose to lead the forlorn hope of this mighty ar ray to the dark border where they annu ally take their everlasting plunge into the abysses beyond, without any memento save infamy, shame, and crime, written in livid light in a darkness visible along the sombre lines of shadow that sitteth upon them forever; Nor do I intend to call forth to torture your sensibilities, that still more piteous array of the helpless, hopeless wanderers, the injured and the wronged who follow the sad spectacle aud chant the requiem of an everlasting sorrow". No ai ndes of forced levies w hoso desolat ing footsteps; have filled the earth with mourning, have ever equaled these volun tary destroyers of human peace and social happiness. The physical and moral ef fects of intemperance are admitted on every side, and are demonstrated from the individual family to the aggregated areas and vast outlines of the republic. Suffice it fo say, that less than ten years will be required to exceed iu number the casual ties by dentil of the late war of rebellion, whose thunders shook the continent, and whose effects in some way or another have readied every man woman and little child that now dwells within Hie shores of our ocean bound Republic. But rather would I leave such things ami call your attention to the crimes w hicli legitimately and natur ally flow from this the greatest present single source of evil to our common conn- . try. l'rom the most accurate computations j it would seem that at least three quarters j of all the crimes with which the country j is alHicted are traceable directly to alco- j hollc drinks, aud when it is remembered that one of the most serious burdens to society is the administration of criminal justice, this view alone is sitfiieiently ap palling. Men will talk and cavil, and complain, about the payment of heavy taxes, which go to liquidate a debt incur red in preserving our nation's life, and in saving lor us aud our children, and our children's children, the priceless heritage of human liberty, while c.t the same time they will cheerfully pay their annual sti pends without an objection, which go to sustain courts and juries, whose sessions are doubly prolonged by the blood red current ot crime that is ever coursing down through the fair fields of our Re public, and whose fountain head is the poison that drops from the fatal and ac cursed still. The iron bound prisons that rise in costly splendor in every State, and the minor ones that deck every county in the vast expanse of the Union, are strange mementoes ef this strange element of our christian civilization, ami when we reflect that at least half of the time of our courts and juries, and much of the talent of the bar. are spent in criminal proceedings, we become perplexed and amazed, and almost begin to doubt the stability of our insti tutions and their adaptation to the wants of man. And 'hen we still further see the long train of penury, and woe, whose banners are inscribed with infamy, dis grace and wrong; on the long and bleed ing lines of innocent concomitants of eriuio, the mind reels, the soul sickens at the thought, that from one simple source such unnumbered and immeasurable calamities and indescribable wrongs can emanate. But what shall we say of that system of polity which unseals this foun tain of desolation, and lots loose these horrors on the world ? What can we say of that administrative measure which con ducts the fiery Hood to every neighborhood municipal corporation, and city, in the land, and regulates its flow; which, for money, licenses the victims to do wrong to themselves and others, and then with the terrible mockery of penal scrverity sets the machinery of Justice in motion, and fills the prisons with subjects, made in mates bv the permissive laws of the body politic, "whose judicial system condemns them to sutfer the penalty of violated law. There is a great wrong here somewhere, but in what particular respect, or where it is, it mav be somewhat difficult to say. There is an error in our civilization and it n one that relates to the fundamental reg ulations of organized society. I do not, however, on the present occasion propose to discuss permission, prohibition or regu lation. This, however, I will say. had I the power given me to-night. I would sup press every grog shop, and dry- up the fountain of every still m the land; and in doin" so I would feel a conscious approval that I had done a greater act of humam tarianism for the world, than did Alexan der when he struck the fetters of serfd m from the necks of twenty-three mution Russian serfs; or. than md A:,kaham Lincoln, when at the single stroke of his immortal pen he bade the four millions of our own dear land, step forth unfettered from the darkness of bondage into the cheerful light of perpetual freedom. Yes; h id I the power to dry up this poisonous fountain of liquid fire, whose lurid stream is ever bearing onward to destruction the creat mass of humanity, now- rising and now falling on its maddened waves, like Milton's Satan on the fiery waves of hell 1 would feci tLat I had the power to per No. . form an act of benefaction to a sin-bound. crime-stricken world, second only in mag nitude, importance, and grandeur, to that performed by the world's Redeemer when He died for the sins of men. It would save to the United States Sl,)00.0O0.0U) every year; it would save our nation the terriblu alternative of consigning a human being to a drunkard's grave every ten minutes of time, as it now does. Such an act would dry the tear in many a sorrowing eye; it would bring back the deserted smile to the careworn cheek of many a troubled wife: it would enable many a little child, that for days, and weeks, and months, and years, had not dared to smile upon that infatuated parent, to look up once more into that pa ternal fa.ee with a loving smile, lighting up the dimpled countenance, and to say": '.My father, my father, you will not hurt me now!"' Yes; it would cause the prison doors of our land to grow rusty upon then iron hinges; it would fill the school houses and the ehurclfes of the land, and in short it would clothe the face of humanity with a smile such as it has never worn since the days our first parents trod the flowery walks of Eden, in love and innocence to gether. But then, we must remember that no living man has the power of w hich I speak we must deal with all evils as we find them, and according to our ability and power, and in that way that is most likely to accomplish the desired end. Thcvpro gress of society is slow. For morcrtlum thirty centuries organized civilized society has existed in one form cr atiother. and not one century of that vast cyclPhas passed without mighty changes, upheav ings, overthrows, and frequent reforms taking place changes sometimes for the better, sometimes for the worse, but gen erally advancing toward the desired end of human improvement; and I think tha great corallary to be drawn from human experience, is.that every measure intended to regulate and improve a state, should be adapted to the people who compose it. With this principle to guide us, bearing in mind, as we must, that public sentiment very frequently, at least changes slowly, it is dinn-nlt to see how any immediate and sudden change could work a benefit to community. But discussion is the nec essary precurser of reform. The public mind ;i deenlv nrrit-.ite,l tn-iLir uilli tlu - i .- 1 - ' " " ' " question of prohibition. Let the great dis cussion go on, and good will follow", so sure as day follows night. Discussion will tend to educate the public mind, and bring it up to the level of a higher morality .and to the standard of better laws. The whole subject may bo set forth in a single proposition. It is either right to make and sell ardent spirits, or it is wrong. Thou it follows if it is right then iMs right, or at least not wrong, to encourage the traffic. If. however, it is wrong, as it un questionably is, then it should be prohibit ed. But this, as 1 have already stated, is something that cannot be done until the people are educated up to a different sen timent, and standard of morality. And this is the whole matter of controversy which now agitates this community, thU Staie, aud this nation, and all the civilized nations of the world, upon the question of temperance. Shall there be prohibition ? or shall there not? It rises, therefore, to the dignity, and the grandeur of a war be-Q tween principle on the one hand, and pol icy on the other. Its antagonisms are destined to be fearful and tremendous, even like the meeting of adverse spheres in the fields of space. They challenge the attention of mankind, and Stales tremble) in the balance, and await the issue of the) conflict. But I must move on more directly to the point in issue which I have proposed to notice. I have spoken simply of tho crimes that are punishable by the" munici pal laws of the land. These punishments are intended for the beuefitand protection of society, and except in the single instance of the death penalty for the improvement of the offender. But there is a. far greater number of offenders that go unpunished, because of the imperfection and inability of penal laws to reach grave moral delin quencies, which, though they rise to the magnitude and are attended with the con sequences of the greatest of crimes, and are punishable by the moral code, are nevertheless far beyond the reach of the municipal laws of the land, and hence go unpunished : and here I will say that I do not wish to deal in indefinite assumptions, and will be therefore more specific. Let any one canvass a community where spir ituous liquors are sold, it will be readily seen that the few cases of crime that are brought to trial and punished, form but a very small part of the voaI injury to soci ety. We must, therefore, look beyond the forr.m of the courts, and the walls ot tho prisons, for tbestreams of evil w hich wash the base of the body politic. The divorce, .i... , :., ..r 41,. i llie WtlUUtUUll Vi LUUUllTil, Llid UH UP up of homes, the decay of virtue, the per nicious influences of example, the immoral tone and impure tendency of individual minds, the death of industry and the cause of idleness, the Insane Asylum, the alms house and the hospital, till attest the fact that when one guilty man suffers, ninety and nine innocent persons sutfer also with him. No one so feeble as to wield a bane ful influence without affecting the com munity whore-in he lives. Soviet feels the sting, and sutlers the pangs of every crime perpetrated by its members. Tho penalty of every offender against, law rebounds and hurts the body politic: but it is not here iu your more happy and contented rural districts that such disas ters exhibit their weigh test force. Thqrji may be an occasional instance among you of the kind I am speaking of but they are rare and I have no doubt they will be less and less frequent until by your good efforts the last man shall be brought in and cared for, and duly protected frn his worst enemy. But we must look to tho great centres of population where venality and corruption are at par, and whore that kind of moral turpitude w hich rises just above and beyond the technical grade (f legal crime, flings its everlasting shadow over all that is fair and beautiful. At the gilded banquet vice itself dresed in tho garb of virtue, preaches purity and inSi ality with eloquent and stimulated voieo It stands in the vestibule of tho holy tciri p!e of religion and seeks its victims am ong the v ery worshippers at the altar. ' 1 en ters the parlors of luxury iid wb a Court ly presence gives the wine c-.m f0 the young and beautiful, and steals a iewcl from the casket of virtue '.nat can never be replaced. Public ofl'.c 'S lire in.ulo th sources, and supply th... means of corrupt 11011. j u n.c- giuai commercial emporium! of the continent s 3 overwhelming is ttii monster vice, n',t alone in the dens of ia famy and the abodes of shame, bat iu t he gilded half where learning, genius, and, iuxury congregate, as well as the palatial mansion, over whose spacious splendors, pros'. Jos the princely hospitality of wealth an j the courteous gaces of refinement, that the law has become a farce and judi-0 cial tribunals a mockery and a shame. Pairiotism trembles at the approach of treason, and order stands on the verge of anar.hy. Riot, wreck lessness, perfidy and wrong hold the keys of wealth and office and are the best passports to station and renown ; and were it not for the sav ing influence of the rural districts of tho country, which God made as contra-distinguished from tho city which man makes,, the city of New York would explode with a moral earthquake that would shake the. continent. One sentence writes her histo ry ; 0:10 fact tells the story of I.er aw fill derelictions. She has a hundred thousand, SEE EOCKTil TAGS.