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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
OREGOX CITY, OltEGOK, ATlllDAY, SEPTEMBER 2
ljc tUccklif (enterprise.
prlJLISlIED EVEKV SATt P-nAT .MORNING
By D. C. IRELAND,
(FFlCE: South east corner of Fifth and
Main" Vtrecw, in the building lately known
as the Cuurt Hoa.se, Oregon City, Oregon.
Terms of Subscription.
One espv, one vear in advance $3 no
" " " il delayed 4 00
Terms of Advertising.
Transient advertisements, one .square
( 12 lines or less; first insertion . . i0
for each subseqsent insertion 1 00
ituMtiess Cards cue square per annum
payable quarterly 12 00
One column fer annum 1-0 00
One half column " '-' '-
One quarter ' "O
J.esal advertising at the established rates.
jiullnomali Lodge -1
So. 1, A. C
ts regular 43$t
P-. & a. ?r. Holds its
.. ,,mnr,ic:itions on the first and third Sat
urd.ivs of each month, at half past six P. n.
Brethren in good standing are invited to
uttend. Br order of XV. M.
Oregon City, Nov. Wh, WA. m.
Oregon Lodge So. 3, I. O.
of O.K. Meets every Wednes
Sft.v -)ay evening at 7 o'clock, in the
Masonic Hal.-. Members of Reorder arc in
i ited to attend. Jy order G. n...
VilIamtSe C nlge Vo. 13-'T. O. . T.
Meta everv Saturday evening, at the rooms
S E. conx r'of Mam and Fifth streets, at 7 l-
1clock. Visiting members are invited to
1W order of VV. C. T.
w. c. jonxsox. r- -.M cowx.
JOHNSON & McCQWIJ,
OREGON' CITY, OREGON.
v Will attend to all business entrusted
to "our care in any of the Courts of the Stale,
c.illect money, negotiate loans, sell real cs
t te, etc.
;.?J'articular attention given to contested
t ind cases.
o D. EI. aicKEPJIJEY,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law.
TILL ATTEND PROMPTLY TO ALL
V business entrusted to his care.
Or kick One door north of Bell k Parker's
Pi.' store, Oregon City, Oregon. L;;:ly
Dr. II. Saffarrans,
PHYSICIAN and SURGEON.
OFFICE In J. Fleming's Book Store.
Jubi atr-t, Oregon City. (2
Dr. F. Barclay, SI. R. C L.v
(Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.)
OFFICE: A t Iii-iidw,
Main Street i-V.'.l Oregon City.
I'(r.n'.fi:!!iUj Located at Oi j"i City-, Orcj
Rooms over Charinan k Bro.'s store. Main
street. ( PJ.ly ;
" J O II N IL S Cll E. A M , " j
Manufacturer and Dealer in j
A-fV SADILE, HARNESS, j
k. etc., etc,
Main street, between Third and Fourth, j
Oregon dig. J
rpilE aiteniion of parties desii ing anything
1 in my line, is directed to my stock, be- j
fore making purchases elsewhere. j
dv) ' JtHIX II. SCHRAM. j
CONTRA CTOR and BUILDER,
M-dn xtnet, Orcjoii City.
Wil )attend to all work in his line, con- j
fisting in part of Carpenter and Joiner work j
--framing, building, etc. Jobbing promptly
attended to. (VJ
A. H. BELL.
E. A. I'AUKLIl.
BELL &, PARKER.
AND DEALERS IX
Chemicals, Patent Medicines, Paints,
I'erfiouerg, Oils, Varnishes,
And every article kept in a Drug Store.
3 M M'ux SruKtir, Okroox City.
lTIGLEII & SOltf .,
Oregon City, Oregon.
'"piIE UNDERSIGNED ARE NOW PRE
1 pared to make all manner of ware in the
hue of cooperage, from a well-bucket to a
nostieau, 01 ootu tuige ana straignt worst,
on short notice, and at reasonable rates.
Call and examine samples of our work, as
it is its own recommendation,
iui) L. ZIGLER k SOX.
JAME3 IS. 1YIGQBE,
Justice of I lie Peace City Recorder.
OiTico In the Court House and City
0 Council Room, Oregon City.
Will attend to the acknowledgment of
ieeds, and all other duties appertaining to
taeotlice of Justice of the Peace. 'J:lv
tt on eg 0 x ci t r.
q All orders for the delivery of merchandise,
xr packages and freight of whatever descrip
tion, to any part of toe city, will be executed
promptly and with care. " le.iim
BiiAY FOR SALS CHEAPl
A FIRST RATE HEAVY DRAY, IX
J. V. coo 1 order, will be sold chem for cash
(J4pon application to C. GREEN MAN,
'-tf Orecon Cit
jJ JIIX MY EHS. l.C)l)G II. C. MYERS.
J. MYERS & BROTHER,
hcsip asla Store !
i iidr the Court JLnw, in Oregon City.
Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes. Clothing,
l'.MO.,., V...., i... VV'..
groceries, Hardware, etc., etc.,
ovv.iir, liaitiitir, ciu, civ:,,
s in t).i..
;on City, October 23, 1SS3.
A- J. VOXr.OE. VV. A. K. MEI.T. EX.
0AKBfI - WORK.
MONROE h MELLEN,
Dealers in California, Vermont, and
Italian Marlles, Obelisks, Monu
vents, IDad and Fool stone,
'c nr.? anJ Eurniture Marble furnished
? Main Sthf.et.
Nearly Opposite Woolen Factory.
W. L. WHITE, f t,
T. W. KIIOADES, f Iropnetors.
Oregon City. Oregon.
"We invite thecitizens of Oregon City, and
the traveling public, to give us a share of
their patronage. Meals can be had at all
hours, to please the most fastidious. 15
Notice to the Public.
I HAVE this day closed the Barlow House
in favor of the Cliff House. Hope my
old customers will give their liberal patroii
r.ge to the above well kept house. They
will tind Messrs. White & Rhoades always
on hand to make guests comfortable
Oregon City, August 1, 1 Si!7.
DAVID SISIITH '
Sncc.or to SMITH d- MARSHALL,
Black Smith and Wagon Maker,
Corner of Main and Third streets.
Blacksmithing in all its branches. Wagon
making and repairing. All work warranted
to give satisfaction. (39
W. F. HIGHFIELD,
Established since 18-10, at the old stand,
Main Street, Oisloox City.
An assortment of "Watches. Jew
elry, and Seth Thomas' weight
blocks, ail ot which are warranted
to be as represented.
Kepairintrs done on short notice.
Sand thankful for pas;t favors. (07
zznpvi'ln I Mills,
KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND FOR SALE :
BRA N AND CHICKEN FEED !
If Parties wanting feed must furnish
their sacks. SO.tf
GAM EM AH STORE!
JAMES MQE.FITT & CO.,
"V70ULI INFORM THE PUBLIC ES
V 1 pccially of Caneinah, that they have
established a Store at that place, where they
will keep on hand a well assorted btoek of
Ilerchari-iiss and Groceries.
which will be sold at reasonable rates, for the
purpose of establishing permanently such a
necessity at Caucmah. Try us. (3-:y
Fashion Billiard Saloon.
.Main street, between Second and Third,
J. C. Iflann, Proprietor.
rUlK above long established and popular
I Saloon is y?t a favorite resort, and as
only the choicest brands of Wines, Liquors
and Ciyars arc dispensed to customers a
shar ' 1 . public patronage is solicited.
J. C. MAN X.
Wtit Si'h' Jfi'ln Srnt, liicni. Second and
Third, Oregon, City.
GE0EGE A. HAAS Proprietor.
The proprietor b-a leave to inform his
friends and the public generally that the
above named popular saloon is open for their
accommodation, witha now and well assort
ed supply of the liuest brands of wines,
liquors "and cigars. f2
G-DGD TEMPLAR'S HALL,
te p oyr SA L O ox,
M ai x Si n k kt, Ok kgon City.
JArE. 3IA5.V, I'roprietor.
The Propritor takes this niefhnd of an
nouncing that this establishment has one of
the best Billiard Tables to be louud in the
city. The c! oicest brands of Cigars, Tobac
co," Savsapai i!a, Soda, and Ginger pop served
to order. (7.1 f
K W K K V
II EX 11 Y II U JIB EL,
Having purchased the above Brewery,
wishes to inform the public that he is now
prepared to manufacture a No. 1 quality of
As good as can be obtained anywhere in the
State. Orders solicited and promptly tilled.
Oregon City, December 2Sth, lrf)!S. ldtf
Ii O O V S Si A
Corner of Fovrlh and Muin Sts.,
Oregon City Orevon.
''PAKE THIS METHOD OF INFORMING
JL the public that uey keep constantly on
hand all kinds fresh and salt meats, such as
CO k NED BEEF, HAMS,
PICK i: LED POEK, LAUD,
And everything else to be found in theirline
of business. LOG US & ALBRIGHT.
Oregon City. April li'dh, 1?H7. p2:ly
J. A. BlacDOIJALD,
Green Street Oswego, Oregon.
Post Muster and Dealer in
G E N E li A L MERCHANDISE,
Cirue l ies, AViucs ami Liquors !
NOTICE TO ALL
First Class Fine or Coarse
ISoots and laocs I
Made or Repaired. Especial care and at
tention paid to orders for line work, such as
Ladies' and Misses Fine Gaiters, Gents' i'ine
French Calf Boots, etc.
Orders solicited from abroad will be
executed with neatness ami dispatch.
TEliWILLKiER & SMITH,
4itf Green St., Oswego. Ortgon.
JOHN SCIIADE Proprietor.
now prepared to receive and entertain
all who may favor him wi'.h their patron
age. I lie House is Aew and the Booms ;.re
Newly and Neai'y Furnished. The Table
will be supplied .with all the delicacies of
the season. The House is situated near the
steamer landing. The proprietor will at ail
times endeavor to give entire satisfaction to
all who may favor him with a call, and
would respectfully solicit the parouage of
the Traveling Public. 41:tf.
Board per week $ ("
Board and LodgiDg 6 00
Single Meals 50
r.LSSELL. F. DALTOX.
RUSSELL & DALTON,
Attorneys and Counselors at Law,
Solicitors in Chancery, and
Ileal Estate Agents.
Will practice in the Courts of the second,
third and fourth Judicial Districts, and in the
Supreme Court of Oregon.
; Special attention given to toe collec
tion of claims at all points in the above nam
Olhce in J'arrisb's brick building, Albany,
Heart of my heart, to thee I turn
From solitude and gloom.
And ieel, and know, that thou art mine
In spiritual bloom.
However long denied by fate
On earth in love to meet,
The fetters will be rent that part
Beyond the grave, my sweet!
Sad pilgrimage hast thou and I
Perchance through life to tread ;
In bliss ineffable, at last,
To meet when we are dead.
Delights that never wane, will then
All bitterness redeem.
And joy to thee, and love to me.
Shall pour an endless stream.
In years of aye the deathless thought
An evergreen will bloom.
That thou and I our nuptial wreath
May twine beyond the tomb.
Immortal roses shall be ours,
And lilies pure and rare ;
O endless joy ! O quenchless love !
Await our bridals there.
For I am thine, and thou art mine,
To mingle soon or late ;
It matters not how long delayed
May be the bond of fate.
TP. .-1. Kendall.
French mechanic-3 will males a
perfect imitation cf mahogany out
of any close-grained wood in the
following1 manner : The surface is
first planed smooth, and then rub
bed with a solution cf nitrous acid.
T.1 en appiy u 'uh a sc ft brush, the
following mixture : One ounce of
dragon's blood, dissolved in about
a pint of spirits of wine, and with
the addition of a third of an ounce
of carbonate of soda, mixed and
filtered. When the polish dimin
ishes in brilliancy, it may be re
stored by the use of a little cold
drawn linseed oil. " Dragou's blood,
as most of our readers know, is
a resin obtained by incision from
certain plants, and is sold at the
druggists to the varnishers and mar-ble-stainers.
This method, which is
extensively employed in France,
might be well adopted in the United
States ior the interior decorations
of our dwellings, etc.
Ehr"ks. Tiie little I have seen
of the world, says Dr. Chalmers, and
known of the history of mankind,
teaches me to look upon their errors
in sorrow, not in anger. When I
take the history of one poor heart
that has sinned and suffered, and rep
resent to myself the struggles and
tern Italians it passed through, the
brief pulsations of joy, the feverish in
quietudes of hope and fear, the tears
of regret, the feebleness of purpose,
the scorn of the world that has little
charity, the desolation of the soul's
sanctuary and threatening voices
within health gone, happiness gone,
I fain would leave the erring soul of
my fellow-:an with Him from whose
hands it came.
In the depttis of the sea the waters
are still; the heaviest grief is that
borne in silence; the deepest love
flows through the eye and touch; the
purest joy is unspeakable; the most
impressive prayer is silent ; and the
most solemn preacher at a funeral is
the silent one whose lips are cold.
A committee of the Connecticut
Legislature is now engaged in taking
testimony as to the amount of whisky
drank by the members of their last
Legislature. This will take about
ten years judging from the action of
a similar body in California, Siiys the
To be free from desire is money;
to be free from the rage of perpetu
ally buying something nw is a cer
tain revenue; to be content with what
we possess constitutes the greatest
and most ccrtaiu of riches.
Now that " tilting hoops" are go
ing out of f.ishion, let one thing be
said in their favor the wearers of
them were never liable to arrest for
'having no visible means of sup
port." A Western editor has placed over
his marriages a cut representing a
large trap, sprung, with this motto:
" The trap down another ninny
A country schoolmaster gives it as
his opinion that, now-a-days, ladies
seem to treat their waists as vulgar
fractions to be reduced to the lowest
Why is a man getting married like
taking a passage on a Mississippi
steamboat? Because he don't know
how soon he will get blown up.
A " gent'' dressed out resembles
the cinnamon tree the bark is of
greater value that the body.
Never lire on borrowed greatness.
Republished in corrected form.
THE PACIFIC OCEAX.
In the Spring of 1859 Capt. NT. C. Brooks
and B. F. Snow, Esq., of Honolulu, fitted
up the bark Gambia for a sailing and ex
ploring voyage. On the 2Gth of April,
under command of Capt. Brooks, she went
to sea, bound among the islands to the
westward of the group in which Honolulu
As Ave have before stated, aud as the
Bidlei'ui has since more publicly announced
the Pacific Mall Company have selected
one of the Islands discovered on this sum
mer cruise of the Gambia, as their coaling
station on the China route viz : Brooks
Islands and Shoal, described below. The
islands are not only well located, as will
be seen, for such purpose, but the harbor
is most excellent and the shores well cal
culated for dispatch in loading coal. The
Pacific is now the great highway to East
ern Asia, and yet it is but imperfectly sur
veyed. Is filled with islands and danger
ous shoals, upon which hundreds of ships
dlspalehed from this coast the lat few
years ?.n! never since been heard of, have
undoubtedly gone to ruin. It is therefore,
a pleasure to us to bo ftyie to re-produce,
at this time, the following details of th?
cruise of the Car.iVia, from a correct copy
printed in a Honolulu paper, upon Ler re
turn to that port :
A GENERAL OUTLINE.
After an absence of about 3 mouths,
the Gambia returned on Sunday last, (7th
August IS")!),) and we are pleased to learn
that her voyage was entindy successful.
She has on board 210 bids Seal-oil, 1,50;')
skins, a quantity of Shark's fins, and oil.
e!e. She also brought six specimens of
Guano some from the Pearl and Hermes
group, and some from Brooks' Islands, not
laid down on the charts.
The Gambia visited Neckor Island. French
Frigate group. Maro Beef, Laysan. Lilian
sky, the Pearl and Hermes group, and
Ocean Island ; passed over Long's thoals,
(the discovery of which was noticed in
our issue of '.lurch HUh.) and a shoal o'J
miles W by X from French Frigate groupe.
About 40 miles to the northwerd and west
ward of the Pear! and Hermes group, dis
covered a shoal not down on the charts.
In latitude 281G X. longitude 17712' W.,
discovered an extensive reef, enclosing
two islands and a number of islets and
rocks. If cither of the islands or reefs on
the charts are intended for this, the calcu
lation is very erroneous, as there is none
laid down in that position, hence this was
considered a new disco very and the group
received the name of Brooks' Islands.
With the exception of a few days, while
at Ocean Inland, had very file weather
the whole cruise. During that time had
not 2d hours trades, the wind being from
the southward and eastward. Was as far
north as 3;) without reaching the variables
August 2, lat. 2."", long. 1.".!", passed the
bark Yankee, but was not near enough to
For more than half a century the chain
of islands and reefs vi;-ited by the Gambia
have been a great bug-bear to whalers and
merchantmen hound to Manila or China.
Lying as it does directly on the route from
San Francisco to China and Japan, it, de
serves in re than a passing notice and
any reliable information concerning it is
of more than ordinary importance ; t he seas
in its vicinity have been but imperfectly
explored, and the information furnished
by Captain Brooks is more extended and
varied than any heretofore received. He
devoted much time and attention to taking
observations, surveying the reel's and is
lands, sounding lagoons, etc. He made a
collection of more than '.V.) d liferent vari
eties of plants, from islands that l ave been
supposed to be des'.iiufe of vegetation.
Not the least of the discoveries made is
the fact that, by digging a few feet, a plen
tiful supply of fresh waier may be ob
tained on almost any of the islands. If
made generally known it may be the means
of saving many valuable lives, especially
if the other groups are found to be the
same in this respect.
Having completed a general outline of
the cruise, we will now give the results ot
Capt.Brooks" surveys of the various islands
and shoals, together with such other infor
mation in regard to each as may be useful
or interesting :
In lat. 23 3,3' X., long. 131 2.V W., is
rocky, and nearly perpendicular; it is from
H to 2 miles long, n mile wide and about
300 feet at the highest point. The island
is covered with vegetation. On the S E
end is a gulch or water course, where, at
certain seasons of the year there is proba
bly a good How of pure fresh water. At
this point a good landing may be effected
in moderate weather. X'o danger exists
beyond the rocks in the immediate vicinity
of the island. The best anchorage is on
the X W side. The position observed by
Capt. Brooks, as given above, is to the
northward and eastward of both the posi
ions given bv " Eowditch." In one part ! number of scattered rocks, but as the wa
if that work the island is laid down in lat. I tt-r is smooth they are easily avoided
23 3F X.. long. KM'1 32' W.; again in lat.
23" 35' X.. long. 1-P -13 XV. The
island is surrounded by a bank or shoal,
making off to the southward, with about
11 fathoms of water. This shoal is con- '
needed with, and in fact f irms a part of
that discovered by Capt. Long about six
months ago. According io his statement,
which is no doubt correct, it extends to
the southward about 50 miles. The Gam
bia, on a previous cruise, crossed it from
east to west in lat. 2:J12 and found it to
be about 15 miles wide. The western edge
is very abrupt, a vessel one moment being
in 14 fathoms of water, and the next off
soundings. The discoloration of the water
may seen at a distance of three miles.
The eastern edge slopes gradual y. there
being 35 fathoms of water at a distance of
15 miles. The whole reef abounds with
excellent fish in great variety.
rRSNCil FRIOATK SHOAL
Is crescent shaped, about 45 miles in
circuit, and contains a principal island, or
rock and 16 islets. One point of the cres
cent is X. W. and the other S. S. E. from the
principal island, the opening being to the
southward a 3d westward. The position
of the island proper is lat. 23 1G X., long.
1GG14' W. This position is 7 miles to the
westward of the position given by Lieut.
Brooke of the l-erinimore dx-prr. As nu
merous observations on this, and a previ
ous cruise, have given the same result.
Capt. Brooks considers it correct. The
island is 180 feet long, 45 feet wide, and
125 feet high, rising to a ridge in the cen
tre ; it is so steep and rugged as to be al
most inaccessible. On each side of the
ridge there is a level surface of about 12
feet square, and these contain the " exten
sive deposit of guano'7 reported by the
Fennimore Cooper. Capt. Brooks ascended
the rock and carefully examined every
part, but in no place, except in the crevi
ces of the rotk, was a shovelfull of guano
to be seen, prom these, perhaps 50 tons
might be taken, but at a much greater ex
The is.an i
1 snip, and
pense than it would be worth
may be seen as far as a 500 ton
a1, a distanc3 of five 1; I es has a remark i-
yf$ resemblance to u full rigged brig.
essels of any class can approach the rock
within a cable's length, and mav anchor
anywhere inside of the reef, in from 3 to 14
fathoms water. The bottom is composed
of coral patches and sand. The entire
s'.ioal is protected on the N. E. and S. E.
by a line of reef covered with heavy break
ers. Inside of, sued forming a line with the
reef, are the 10 islets, varying in length
from 100 feet to one mile. They are all
low and sandy, the largest being about
4 miles X. II by E. from the main" island.
There is no danger outside the line of
breakers. Dug a well near the center of
one of the islets, and found brackish water
at the depth of S or 10 feet, and about GOO
feet from the beach.
Is about 30 miles XV. by X. from French
Frigate Shoal. There is no shoal in that
position on the charts. Capt. Brooks dis
covered it while casually looking over the
side, lb' saw the bottom distinctly, and
found 14 fathoms of water. It is probably
connected with some island in the vicinity.
MA ItO KEEP,
In lat. 2530' X., long. 170Q31' W., is
from 35 to 40 miles in circuit. It is low,
and covered with breakers. Oa a clear
day it may be seen from aloft for a distance
of 5 miles. It comprises numerous little,
detached patches of coral and sand. There
is no land or rock above water; the depth
is about one fathom. The breakers art
very light, being scarcely distinguishable
from sea cups. This of course calls for
creat caution in annroachuni' the reef. No
less than four positions are assigned this j
reef by Bowditcu, varying Irom 25 ID'
to 206 X., and from 17U"1G- to 170Q32'
XV. The shoal is nearly encircled by a
bank, with from 10 to 30 fathoms water as
you recede from the reef. This bank is
open to the v. etward, where there is good
In lat 25 4G X. long 171 49' W, is 3
miles long and 2 J miles wide, the highest
point being about 20 feet. It is surround- j
ed by a reef half a mile distant, inside of
which there is a good boat passage nearly
around t'.ie island, the S and S E side only
being obstructed. A bank extends off
from the island for several miles. At a
distance of 5 miles ii has 19 fathoms wa
ter, which gradually decreases to 10 fath
oms in approaching the shore ; no danger
exists be3'ond the line of breakers. Boats
many land in safety on almost any part of
the island. The best anchorage is on the
west side, near the S W end. half a mile
from shore, in S to 12 fathoms water, coral
bottom, and may be boldly approached
from any point. The island contains a
lagoon li miles long and 1 mile wide,
width 5 fathoms water in the centre.
Along the shores of this lagoon, salt of
good quality was found. On the east
point, about midway the island found the
remains of a wreck that had probably
been there a long time. Old casks, spars,
boxes and other . articles, were strewn
along the bench, but nothing was found
to give a clue to Ler name, although there
were indications of her being a whaler.
Xear the west end of the island was found
a stick about two feet long, and lying near
it a bottle containing a piece of paper, on
which no writing could be traced, time
had effaced every letter. Saw a number
of large red wood and X Vv' pine trees
that h ol drifted ashore, affording conclu
sive evidence of the general direction of
the- current. The soil near the centre of
the island is very rich, their being about
50 acres suitable, for cultivation. There
are live palm trees 15 feet in height grow
ing on the island, besides 25 varieties of
plants, among which were recognized sev
eral familiar to the kitchen gardens at
home. Had several fine messes from
them. From a cask on the east end of the
island to a decayed palm tree on the shore
of the lasroon. planted a line of vegetables,
consisting of pumpkins, potatoes, etc., etc.
Also dug a we!! near the palm tree, and
obtained tolerably, good water. This and
the vegetables may hereafter be the
means of adding to the comfort of some
wrecked crew. The island abounds with
land and sea fowls, and 20 kinds of eggs
may bo lml in abundance, several kinds
being us good as hen's egg's. Saw a
great many ducks of good quality, prob
ably the increase of the stock left on a
neighboring island by Capt. Pell. The
water around the island swarms with turtle,
crabs, and a variety of excellent fish. The
rise and fall of the tide is 22 inches.
In lat 20 X, long 173 57' W is of a
triangular shape being 3 miles across at
the widest part, the highest point being 40
feet. This, Lassiou and Pell's island, are
doubtless one and the same. The Fen
nimore Cooper also reported Lisiansky
and Pell's island as the same. The island
is encircled by a reef which on the west
side forms a lagoon miles wide, in
which there is good anchorage in from 4
to 12 fathoms water. The entrance to the
lagoon is marked by two heavy breakers,
bearing X and S of each other, three quar
ters of a mile apart. Between these
breakers are several small rocks near the
surface, and to avoid them a man should
be kept aloft. Inside the lagoon is a
Xear the soma end ot the island is tue
basin of a former lagoon, now overrun
with weeds and garden herbs. This
island should be approached from the
north, as a low and dangerous reef makes
off to the southward, an in moderate
weather the breakers on it can scarcely be
distinguished from sea caps. It was on
this reef that the Holder Jiorden and C011
nohassct were wrecked some 15 years
ago. On the north and west sides no dan
gers exist outside the line of breakers. On
the S XV point of the island found some
remains of the wrecks, among other things
the head-board of the Holder Borden, the
name being stiil as legible as when first
cut in. Xear by was a deck-house, in
which the wrecked crews had probably
found shelter ; now filled with dead birds.
A fallen lookout-pole and cask were found
on a hill near the eastern point of the
island. Here 15 years ago the men spent
many a weary hour anxiously watching
for some passing vessel to come to their
relief. The spot received the name of
Lookout Hill. On the south end of the
island "lies the trunk of a rod wood tree, 40
feet in length and 4 in diameter. On the
west side, about 10!) yards from the beach,
found a notice left" by sch. Sun Diego.
claiming possession of the island in the
name of certain parties in San Francisco.
It bore date April. LSo'J. There are very
few birds. Capt. Pell, master of some of
the wrecked whalers, and from whom the
island receives one of its several names,
left a number of ducks, but not one is now
to be seen. This is rather singular, as
thev are very numerous on the neighbor
ing" island of Laysan. Six varieties of
plants were found." A plentiful supply of
good water may he had by digging but a
few feet. A well had been dug by the
whalemen near their camping ground.
The current sets north and south at tho
rate of 2 knots an hour, and is very regu
lar. The rise and fall of the tide is about
24 inches. Two different positions are as
i signed to tnss isiano in - jj.myuh'
; th&r of which corrc.;ond with th
j )v Brooks ? the different
. 1(-. -f ? ,0 g luilu& aac?
signed to this island in '-Bowditeh, net-
rence in lat.
from Hi to IS luwes.
fTTJ-TM rr j
I'EAKI. AND HERMES CUOCP.
In lat. 27" 42' X, long. 175 4S' W, has
been represented as very dangerous and
as being connected with an extensive reef
GO miles in length from noth to south.
This is a great error, their being no dan
ger, in any direction, outside the line of
breakers. Of the reef, which is laid down
as Clarke's, there is no trace to be found.
The group is about 45 miles in circuit
contains 12 islands and islets, and is sur
rounded by a line of reef covered with
heavy breakers. Inside the reef is a la
goon, ia the middle of which vessels mav
lay in from 3 to 15 fathoms water, but
they cannot approach within 2 miles of
the islands. The only passage to this la
goon is from the X W. The largest island
is 2i miles long and has but little vegeta
tion upon it. There is good anchorage
anywhere outside the reef in from 8 to
12 fathoms water, but the best is near the
passage. The principal island lies E bv
S i S from the passage. Outside the reef
is a bank which makes off about a mile.
As at Lisiansky, the current sets north and
south, with a rise and fall of 24 inches.
The remains of the 1'earl and Hermes may
still be seen and portions were brought
here by the Gambia. A variety of ex
cellent fish may be obtained. There be
ing deposits of guano on the islands, pos
session was taken of the group in the
name of citizens of the United States, and
notice to that effect left on each. The po
sition of this group as given in " Eowditch''
is lat. 27C'4G' X, long. 17G" 15' W, which
is 4 miles north and 27 west of that ob
served by Capt. Brooks. About 40 miles
XV by XT of the group the Gambia passed
near a uhoal in 14 fathoms water. Per
haps this is tho one that has been repre
sented as so extremely dangerous.
Is more properly a reef, in lat. 2S 24
X", Ion. 173 24 W, is 30 miles in circuit,
and can be approached without danger
from any direction. This, Staves and
Cure island are no doubt the same. It
is of an irregular, oblong form, and com
prises 3 islands, the largest of which is
3j miles long and H wide. It is cover
ed with bushes, anl forms an elbow
in the S E bight of the shoal. The next
is 2i miles long and half mile wide. It
is covered with coarse grass and vines.
The smallest is 4 mile long and 300 feet
wide. It has no vegetation upon it.
From the appearance of the islands they
are sometimes visited by very violent
storms, the sand being thrown into num
erous cones and pyramids. The best an
chorage is on the west side, near the X
W point of breakers, in from 8 to 12
fathoms water, rocky bottom. Saw but
few birds on this group. Found plenty
of crabs and turtle, also some eggs.
Xear the north end is an old lagoon,
.now nearly grown over. The American
whaleship Parker was lost on the reef
10 or 12 years since. The remains of
a merchant vessel are now on the reef.
the island being covered with fragments
from end to end. Boxes, mats and other
articles show that she was from Manila
or China. She was probably lost from
3 to 5 years ago. Upon the stern of
a jolly boat lying on the beach, the
name of Isaac Holder was cut, but wheth
er this was the name of the ship, the
builder of the boat or one of the crew,
there are no means of judging.
fcROOXS' ISLANDS AND SHOAL.
In lat. 28" 12" X., Ion. 17712' W., were
discovered on the 5th of July last, by Capt.
Brooks, of the Gambia. There are two is
lands from 4 to 5 miles long, 24 miles wide,
and 40 feet high, one of which is entirely
barren, while the other is covered with
vegetation. Besides these there is a small is
land. The whole are encircled by a reef
of about 40 miles circuit, covered with
heavy breakers, outside of which there is
good anchorage in from 9 to 12 fathoms
water. Inside the reef is a very fine,
smooth lagoon, where a vessel may ap
proach within hailing distance of the
beach with perfect safety ; but the best
anchorage is about half a mile from shore,
in 4 or 5 fathoms water. The entrance to
the lagoon is on the west side, but the
reef may be approached boldly from any
direction, there being no danger beyond
the line of heavy breakers.
Inside the reef, on the north and south
sides, and about a cable's length from the
line of breakers, there is a natural sea
wall four feet high, perfectly level and
wide enough for a carriage way. On the
west side of one of the islands lies an old
trunk of a red wood tree, five feet in di
ameter. There are, also, the remains of
what was probably a raft, which must
have drifted to the island years ago, there
being no indication of any person ever
having been there before. As an exten
sive deposit of guano was found on one of
the islands, possession was taken of the
group and notice lett to tnat euecc. oug
a well and found good water at a depth of
10 feet. At "the distance ot a cable s
length W by S from the well, erected a
30 ft flag staff. The waters ot the lagoon
abound with fish and turtle of superior
quality ; birds are numerous in fact there
appears to be millions of them in the
neighborhood, and the islands are so cov
ered with eggs and young birds that it is
difficult to walk without treading on them.
With the exception only of Honolulu,
these islands possess advantages for a
coaling depot superior to any other place
on the line from California to China.
Passed over the position of an island in
lat. 28 12' X, long. "50' XV, but saw no
land nor any sight of it. Also passed over
the po.-itionof Xeva Is, but saw nothing.
This latter report is a confirmation of that
made by the Fennimore Cooper.
The Gambia, besides visiting the above
described islands, passed near the position
of an island in lat. 24 05' X, long. IC70
55 W. Saw no land, but from the num
ber of birds and other indications, it is
supposed that such an island really ex
ists. The Garni tia has brought back relics
from 12 different wrecks among them a
mortar made from a part of a mast. This
was used bv the crews of the Pearl and
jfermes to pound their beans in. and inadc
by our worthy townsman James Robinson,
who was carpenter of the Peirl. and for
whom it is intended as a present.
. o- -o-
Chcrnixg. The time and strengtli
wasted in one year's churning would
build in one year a railroad across
the continent. A D. Hill writes, "I
have used a churn G years of my own
invention, not patented, made of tin,
8 inches in diameter at bottom,' 0
inches at top, and 20 inches high, in
which my wife has churned 1,800
lbs. of butter, which has brought the
highest market price. She never has
taken over ten minutes to bring a
churning. The dasher is round,
without any holes, 5 inches in diame
ter, flit on the bottom, conical on
the top. The cream is put into the
churn as soon as skimmed, the first
skimming having a handful of salt
stirred in, the mass being stirred at
each subsequent skimming, till enough
h obtained for 10 lbs. of butter."
It is less painful tr learn in y
than to be ignorant in ac.
Our Firt Visit to Circus.
Among the great events of last
week says a late Wisconsin n.mpr
t -i -
was the entrance, the performance
and the exit of French's Oriental
Circus. The performance was good,
rather better than the usual run. It
is a positive fact, however, that
circuses, unlike everything else in
our country, do not make any pro
gress; in fact, they are not as good as
a they were thirty years ago, though
we have to admit the influence of age
upon our tastes. Oh, what a pleas
ure destroying, life chilling thing is
old age! How it robs us of our
sweet dreams, of fairy forms, delight
ful groves, fragrant flowers, pure
fountains and sweet singing birds,
and peoples our visions with hideous
monsters, dark caverns, black foam
ing torrents, bleak and desolate de
serts and unearthly sounds! Put
the best phase you can upon old age,
and it is unlovely. We fully realiz
ed this fact as we sat, solemn and si
lent, where all were convulsed with
laughter. We had a full view of
that sea of human faces, which had
gathered under that pavillion last
Wednesday evening, and listened to
that merry laugh which burst from a
thousand joyful hearts at the stale
witticisms of the clown, which would
at one time have electrified us in the
some way, but under which we now
could sit as sullen and demure as a
When we were quite young, such
things as circuses and caravans were
not known in that wildernesscountry,
Ohio. If there had been, very few
of the boy3 in those days would have
been able to raise a quarter to get
into the pit. We first gathered our
ideas of such things from our neigh
bor, Captain Jonas Ward, who had
in his early life lived in Boston. The
captain was our neighborhood shoe
maker, and many a long winter eve
Ding have we sat listening with eager
curiosity to the marvelous things he
had seen in Boston, while he was
putting a new sole on our cowhide
shoes. Oh, how we longed to be
big, so that we could go where they
had circuses, theatres and caravans.
We have now been big a great while,
and have seen all those things, and,
like the preacher, we are ready to
cry, " Vanity!" Age is the only
thing that will make a man cry,
" Vanity!'' Youth cannot see it.
We were probably the first boy in
our neighborhood to visit a caravan
or circus. If we had any enter'
prise when we were young, it lay in
that direction. Probably we were
to some extent indebted to the tales
of our neighbor for this enterprise.
The first circus we ever visited we
went to Painesville, twenty miles, on
foot, to see. We had twenty-five
cents, just the fee in those days to
et in: but we had a brother-in-law
in the vicinity, upon whom we could
forage. On our return, we, like our
neighbor, the captain, had marvelous
tales to tell to the boys in the neighs
borhood, who, with gaping mouths
aud dilated visual organs, listened to
our rehearsal of the sharp jokes the
clown got off at his master's expense.
But it was our first visit to a caravan
that has made the most lasting im
pression upon our mind.
It was late iu the month of No
vember, 1820, that news reached our
neighborhood that there was going to
be a caravan in Burton, the principal
village in that section, situated nine
miles from our house, and containing
about one hundred inhabitants, and
looked upon as a large place by us.
Our mind was, of course, made up to
be there on that occasion, without
taking into consideration the diffi
culties, which, we have since learned,
awais U3 whenever we attempt any
In those days, in that section of the
country, boys could not have but one
pair of shoes in a year, and for two
reasons they could not get them until
very late in the fall. The first was,
the tanners could not get the leather
out, and the second was, the shoe
makers were always behind. There
fore, when the day of exhibition
came, we bad no shoes. But that
was no particular drawback to us,
for our feet had got scaled over and
nearly as hard as a hoof. They
would stand any kind of cold but
snow, and they could thaw that some.
The day was extremely cold, and
threatened snow; but we were bound
to see the lion, and made up our
mind to brave the difficulty.
lint when we got ready to start,
another difficulty met us, which nearly
wrecked our hopes. We had two
and sixpence in money left out cf
three shillings, which we had got far
our share of a bearskin, which anoth
er boy aud ourself had killed. We
had spent six cents on general train
ing day for gingerbread, which we
divided among our poor playmates.
We took the two and sixpence and
rolled a piece of paper round it, and
stuck it in a crack in the oJd log bouse
the only place of deposit we had
and when we got ready to start we
had forgotten where we put it. Well,
you can imagine that there was some
foaming about that shanty. But it
was of no avail; the change couTd not
be found. After a fri$Iess search
until almost noon, our father, seeing
our distracted condition, loaned us a
shilling, and wasbroke for the show,
and we never stopped the run until
we struck Burton square; but to our
dismay the caravan had not arrived
there, and it was doubtful whether it
would, in consequence of a break
down a few miles out of town. The
snow was beginning to fall thick and
fast. We started once or twice for
home, but could not give up the idea
of seeing the lion.
At last, just before dark, the show
came in. They did notiave large
tents in those days. They usually
got under a shed, and hung up can
vass in front. Itseeuied to us thato
they never would get the thing
ready. But, finally, just at dark, the
fiddle and triangle struck up, the
show was ready, and the ground was
We handed our shilling to the
doorkeeper and passed in. There
was a lion, a buffalo, a pony, and
three or four monkeys." We have no
recollection at this time, whether we
indulged in any romantic reflections
concerning the wonders of creation,
or not. We recollect distinctly that
when we emerged I'rom the shed it
was dark, and the ground covered
with snow. V e took a survey ol
our situation and let on steam, and
we never broke the jump until we
reached home. Bat before we reached
there, however, the snow was two
The next day, all along the road,
there was great excitement among
the old hunters about the Backs of a
strange animal . which could be seen
all along the road coming from to-o
wards Burton, and of course it was
soon rumored that the lion had broke
loose and had been tracked to within
a mile from our house, where, forts
nately for us, it was blotted out by a
drove of cattle. The general opinion
was that it was a bear though some
declared that the animal made a track
larger than a bear's it must be an
elephant. There was great conster
nation in the neighborhood. We
were consulted as it regards the
shape of a lion's foot. We gave it
as our opinion that it was not a lion.
The man who followed the track
through Bridge Creek Woods, (where
we were serenaded by a pack of
wolves who broke out within a few
rods from us,) said no bear ever
made such leaps as this animal made
for about a mile thrjough the woods.
It would betedious to tell the strange
stories that circulated around the
country concerning the tracks of the;
strange animal that had made its ap
pearance in our very miclt. Hun
ters who had never quailed before the
panther, the bear or wolf, entered th(P
forest with a suspicious look for a
long time after the discovery of thu
.Exaggeration ran wild through
that sparsely settled country. A
short time after the occurrence we
went to mill about three miles from
home. While there we overheard
some men talking about the myste
rious tracks. One man said he had
seen a man who had seen the track,
lie said the track was over three-,
feet long, and that the animal jump
ed over eighty feet to a jump, all
through Bridge Creek Woods. V;
took a lock at cur feet and slipped
into the mill. This stcry has re
mained a family secret ever since,
but we ne ver heard tho last of going
to see the lion, at homo. We would
say, in conclusion, that the two and
six pence wa3 found about two years,
after that by a young sister, in
crack, as above stated.
Notwithstanding all our mishap,
our ardor for seeing circuses an.-j
caravans was not in the least dimnisr
ed. But age is doing what neither
hardships nor privations could ?
when we were young, and we can sTs
unmoved amid scenes that would
once have moved us to tears,
caused us to shout with joy. Th
brilliant but antiquated jokes ot
clown can no longer provoke us tu
laughter; nor the tales of nnr-qaite ?
love make us weep. Yes, old ag't
is ringing "Vanity!" into our ear
but, thank Providence, it is rncsti
confined to circuses yet.