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About Oregon City enterprise. (Oregon City, Or.) 1866-1868 | View This Issue
it j r
-I'Wl-ln (trvT'i I
rtB0saED r.VEi'-r svtl-rday moknixc
RV D- U. Xitiiii.i4 JJ,
j i l' L1 1 cr
4?) nt nrrpr fit I-i "r it a nt 1 i
Mais street's, in the bunding lately known j
as the Court ncmse, uikuu v-hj ,
Terms of Subscription.
One copv, one vear in advance S3 Co
A" . is delayed 4 W
Transient advertisement, one square
( linesor less; first insertion . . .$2 T')
For each subsequent insertion 100
limitless Cards one squari- per annum
,.in-tii,I" nuartorlv . 12 0')
r - ..... - -i
Ouo column per annum.
One half column " .
i x nmirter " "
Legal advertising at the established rates.
jUultncmaU Iorige Xe J. A.
& A. 3I.--IIulds its regular
irommunicatiuns on the first and third Sat-vrd-ivs
of each month, at half past six p. m.
Urethren iu good standing arc- invited to
jitti-nd. bv order of W. M.
Oregon City, Nov. Uh,
C'f ofO.P. Meets every Wednes
''Jvi day evening at 7 o'clock, in the
Masonic Hall. Members of the order are in
ited to attend. Uy order X. G. n:i'.)
V illamatlc r. xle Ko. 151. O. ii. T.
Meets ererv Saturday evening, at the rooms
JS.H. corner'of Mam and Filth streets, at 7 1-2
'c!ock. Visiting member are invited to
liv order of W. C. T.
. c. jousso.v.
r. o. it coivy.
JOHNSGTJ h KcCOWM,
ET- W.ES3 533-s j
OHKGOX CITY", OREO O.N. j
;- Will attend to nil business eutraiteJ i
t.i our care in any of the Courts ot tue htate,
ollect money, negotiate loans, sell real cs
t t-. etc.
:fr'l'articu!ar attention givc-n to cotitcsted
I iiid cases. l.yl
D. EI. HoKENNEY,
Attorney and Counsellor at Law. j
WJ-ILL ATTEND PROMPTLY TO ALL
I T business ei.trusleo io uis care,
OrncK-One door north of Bell k Pa.ker's !
1'rug store, Oregon City, Oregon. I:ly j
Dr. H. Saffarrans,
PUYSWIAX and SUEGEOX
OFFICE In. 7. Famine's Book Store. !
Main, si i at, Orcjoit, City.
JL.T. 1! . A:lJ. tia jf j iii. A... O-
(Formerly Surgeon to the Hon. II. B. Co.
(iJ'FJCL' :Al .V.)',. ;.v,
.Main Street '.v.:i ....Oregon City.
-rm i;ie;t!!j L-n;U'l at Orfju't C'ttjt O.-OK-n.
r.-oMTs over Charrnaa &. Cio.'s store. M:.in
( I -J. i v
J0IIH H. S CHS AM,
Manufacturer and Dealer in
tic., etc., I
.Main street, Dev.vcen i iiira ana r ourin, i
Oregon Ci i'j.
Will sttencl to nil work in his line, con
fUraitig in part oO-'arpenter and Joiner work
training, building, etc. Jobbing promptly
nttenued to. (
A. U. HULL. K. A. rAltKER.
BELL & PARKER.
AXl) PSALER3 IN
Chemicals, Paten Medicines, Paints,
Perfumery, Oils, Varnishes,
Anil every article kept in a Drug Store.
31.) Mt Stkkkt, Okkc.ox City
"lTzTglepw & son .,
KXM c o o p E is
O Oregon City, Oregon.
. uuvr iMou oi pa, uuuu, u.V t.....ji , auoee nai.iou i; 15 . tu, u' "'c'1 1 tber rpncctive 110'T l'a ni Km vs ior tile collection or 111 ro tlsan u.'iereut vari
O l" ,"! 1,ne' 'i1 'lirec,,t'u m' s,tot'k be" j accommodatioD, witna neiv and well assort- ! u- '"' ' , , 1 e;ies of plants, from islands that have b-en
WremAKuig purchases e sew hem led supply of the imest brands of wines, aptironchuig seasoP, when Mr. Leech- snnnose.-l u bo destitute of ve-.-eta' ion
(lv) JOHN II. MllUAM. liquors and cisars. e-2 I . i -t i,, t , '. '
1 u : Cl.?s name. appeared upon but two or i ot the least of the discoveries made is
Willian WronTlifpn O-ClCiT) TFJTVTPIiAR'S HALL f , , , , . j lnc fact that, uy d;ggmg a few feet, a plon-
wiiiML.1 n-..!3,ULJ, j lxJiJ o-xjitfii: ujtxsxj x&.-,ut . h () ,heK, and was soon with- ! tp-.,i sn,JTflv 0'f f,.;.;;, ,v ,t.- Vw' - oh-
C0XTR ACTOR and BUILDER. Ld POXY SALuOX, I , ' . ... . i t ,;,..7 W-X :L ,;V i, ' t
r ni . - f . 1 " ..it t.. -
Mlin Uett. Orrwn Vit : I M.tv- CrPrl., Osrenv Prrv I Ci'UWn even lt'tim l.lLSc, i ....,'.,,..,, iu'''n ,.,':,' .1, "''.,.,
'PUP. UXDERSUI-NF.!) are nowpbe-
fY L pared to make all manner -if ware in the
fg' line of cooperage, from a well-bucket to a
iiiR.tieatlt ot botli bilge antt straignt woik,
on slmrt notice, and at reasonable rates.
0'all and examine samples of our work, as
it is its own recommendation.
-"..'in) L. ZKJLEIl & SOX.
JAMES M. mOOBE,
q Justice i" the Peace 6 City Recorder.
OlTice Iu the Court House and City
Council Room, Oregon City.
Will attend to the acknowledgment of
-h(.Hj nr,A oil .Ol.n.. l.,f!w nu,-t ! i t rr t
. 1 M i.il 'LliC;i iiiliK.', lUiillii v'
e of Justice of the Peace.
''E.UEK i,. BOOKS ajid STATIONERY, j
inaniitui tor tiie patronage lieretoiore re 1
Ceivf.l, respectfully solicits a continuance l
u uie tavors ot a generous public.
'Bis store is between Jacobs' and Acker- j
Bun's bricks, on thtrvest side of Main street, j
viegivaiy, October -Z. tn, ce. i
5. City dayman,
ifcS OR EG OX CITY.
All orders for the delivery of merchandise,
!,a-'Kaacs and'reight ot w hatever desciip
;!on' to ny parHf the citv, will be executed
promptly utul with care. Ifi.Gm i
BRAY FOR SALE CHEAP !
A 1 HIST R.VTE HEAVY I) HAY, IN
order, v, ill be sold clieap for cash
. -.. "i-piicauon to
n vvt-rs !
J- MYERS & liEOTTrEn !
, , ;
Csulft Store !!
cun ,,., u 0,3o, City.
Drr r j iealers in
i U S, n s and shops c,othin
r,.-,!i-na ,stil Stone Ware. w
Wk''tfT IIard"e, etc, etc.,
;v i0 '.U a hmn as any
Octofctr 2 15-J9. r,:iv j
i; Utei '
5"Lrl A,.,,. 7,, "..,.-.-.: TT-'....,
jWM, WHITE. i T
I T w imOA!R Proprietors.
- ' '
Oregon City. Oregon.
We invite the citizens of Oregon Citv, and
the traveling public, to give us a share of
their patronage. Meals can bo had fit all
hours, to please the most fastidious. 15
Notice to the Public.
I HAVE this d:iy closed the Barlow House
in favor of the Cliff House. Hope mv
old customers will give their liberal patron
age to the above well kept house. Thev
v.ill lind Messrs. "White & lthoades always
on hand to make guests comfortable.
Oregon City, August 1, 187.
Sccor to SMITH d- MARSHALL,
Black-Smith and Wayn Maker,
Corner of Main and Third streets,
Oregon City Oregon.
Blacksmithing in .ill its branches. Wagon
making and repairing. All work warranted
to give satisfaction. (CJ
W. F. HIGHFIELDj
Established since 18-19. at the old stand,
Mai.v Stke-t, Obegox City.
An assortment of Watches, Jew
olrv, and Seth Thomas weight
Clocks, all of which are warranted
Vtr.Tf 10 he as represented.
Kepaii iiiLTs done on short notice,
and thankful for past favors. 31
KEEP COXaTASTI.Y OX IIAXD FCn SALE :
JJHAX AXJJ CHICKEN FEED I
2:,- ri,rlies wanting feed must furnish
their sucks. !':j.tf
O 11 EGON CI T V
Manufacture, and have constantly on
hind, a very Superior Article of I
Straw Wrapping Paprr.
"Orders will receive prompt aUeMion. j
J. D. .M il.LLbeci et.uy . j
! JAME3 IIOIIFITT & CO., I
; -X70ULI) INFORM THE PUBLIC "ES- j
i Y V peoially of Canf inah, that they !,ave j
e.tat.iiu'u a JMoreui mat p.uce, nere i.-.c
will keep on nana a wen assonca stocx oi
j Herclianclise find Groceries.
i which wiil be sold t reason;, hie rates, fn- the
i punose ot" establishing permanently such a .
necessity at Cauemah. 'i ry us. (S-:y j
! Fashion Billiard Salceiv j
I Maui street, between Second and Third, j
Oreno.i Cil;. j
I J. 0. Blann, Prcprietcr. !
I ''IiilC above lonjr est-.illtsiuHl ftn-J popular ;
' .1 t?al.)o;i is y a fa von!" report, and as ,
' only tiia eltoiecst brands ct Wines, Liquors
and (,'i'ars are IiMp-e:;sed to customers a j
I shar'- .1 1 public patronage is solicited.
) J . ". cl - AX. I
.. , ,
J,lU"' 'J"' J' ;
Wat Slue ru
GE0EGS A. HAAS
; m.. :..- , i ;,.r,.,.,, ,
! friends and the public generally that the
. , if jojirittoi'.
Tiic Fropritor takes this method of
r.ouncing tiait this estat.hshment has one of
the bestJilliaid Tables to bo found in the 1
citv The choicest brands of Cigars, Tobac- !
'ord-r.Pai ' S 1 1 (V tfl'
fg33 flE-VRY I1CBBEL,
Having purchased the above Brewery,
wishes to inform the public that he is now
prepared to manufacture a No. 1 quality of
As good as can be obtained anywhere in the j
State. Orders solicited and promptly filled
Oregon City, December itSth, lyjij. l.jtf
LOttUS i!t A IiIlKKJIIT,
EXGELSSQP. MARKET !
Corner of Fourth and Main Sts.,
nypnmi (ht u Oregon.
rpA'KE THIS METHOD OF INFORMING J
X'the public that incy keep constantly on J
hand all kinds fresh and salt meats, such as
CO UN ED BEEF, IT A MS,
FlCivELED PORK, LARD,
And evcrvthiu" else to be found in their line
of business. ' I.OCS US A ALBRIGHT.
Oregon City, April iti.th, 1SC7. fly
IX MOSS' BUILDING,
Vaia Sireet Oregon City
! jf8arFS3k The nndjrsicrned will keep
if "Xi on hand all the varieties of
j rrTi fresh and cured meats :
! I'ov.llry, Veetalles,
Corned Beef and Fork,
Bacon, Hams, Lard, Tallow,
A liberal share of patronage is soncnea.
as I expect to kee as good an assortment
alio Ol as siootA iii.iiiii; . . . x. . . . . , .
which will be delivered to purchasers at anii
reasonable distance in tho citv.
; vj U. MAY LK.
A. J. MOXROK.
W. A. K. MCLLEX.
Dealers in California, Vermont, and
Dalian Marbles, Obelisks, Monu
vie its, Head and loot, stones,
Mantles and Furniture aiaruic "ff
DANIEL BIOI KY.
rYri;i eifil? KisH WOIIKS !
STEPHENS & BIGLEY,
Jirandks, ?: filth Ale 6 PvrUr, Caam,
pan as CUv. Bock Br, &c.
4 LSO. Manufacturer r.t ail fcuuisof Syr-
A mJ Soda Water and Ginger I op.
OrdeVsVorFnlh-h Ale nd J crt?r filed
Jc i,u;k 0r bv the case. 1'V
The Herald, a few days since alluded to
a number of our old bachelor friends who
Lave set up at house keeping on Stark
street, in Portland. We deeply sympa
thize with them in their loneliness. They
little know the comforts of a home ; the
pleasures of meeting the joyous hearted,
fair Laired children at the gate ; the babe
in its cradle, w hh bright eyes only a few
months old, looks not up to them as
every parent can testify they will do
with music and smiles. Bachelor friends,
here, and elsewhere, why do you remain
so? Why every new year sing :
Oh, the Spring hath less of brightness
And ihe snow a ghastlier whiteness
Every year ;
Xor do Smutner blossoms quicken,
Nor d"es Autumn fruitage thicken
As it did the seasons sicken
It is growing cold and colder
And I fee! that I am older
Every vear : i
And my limbs are less elastic,
And my fancy not so plastic
Yea, my habits grow monastic
'Tib becoming bleak and bleaker
And my hopes are waxing weaker
Every year ;
Care I now for merry dancing,
Or for oyi-s with passion glancing?
Love is less and less entrancing
Oli, the days that 1 have squandered
And the friendships rudely sundered
Every year ;
0r "ie tiw tliat Ii-Vy twined me, j
Until time to death resigned me,
My infirinliics remind me
Sad, oh, to look before m
With a heavier shadow o'er u
Every year ;
To behold each blossom faded, I
And to know- we might have made it ;
An immortal garland, braided j
Bound the year. ;
"Many a spectral beckoning linger, j
Vear by year, j
Chides in that so long I linger,
1 ear by year ;
Every early comrade sleej.iing
Iu the churchyard, wl.i:her weopinj
I alone unwept am creeping.
Year bv vear.
IIoV," 15EECI1EU CAMS TO Wmi'K A
Xuvr.:.. Nearly a year ago, Ilei.ry j any reliabie into: ination concerning it is
,,7 , T, c . . , ' of more that; ordinary imuortarice ; the seas
!U'J Lwcher i,llt forth 'orta,h its vicinity have b-eu but. imperfectly
views that alienated SOltl? who had j explored, and the information furnished
bocn his wnnnest friends, and grieved
In a few wcik there- i
after, the lecture aSSOCtatlOOS issued j
" There! you see Deecher has killed i
... , . l ,
"imsel!; ho isn't invited to lecture
8nv more " was the snpre comment
of hundreds. let never were men
- ioro mistaken. The Doctor had
more invitations to lecture at high
prices ihau he could find time even
to decline, and was threatened with
an action for damages by at least one
association which claimed to have
some sort of engagement with him.
Still, he did not and would not lec-
litre, Simply because liobert Bonner
had said to htm, " Name the sum
that you can make this winter by
riding night and day, through alter
nate snowdrifts and mud, to fulfill
lecture engagements, and I will
doable io if you will stay in your
comfortable study and devote
your re llours lo viriting me a
story for the New lork Ledger:'
The bargain was struck; the story
written and paid for; r.nd that is the
sole and soflieent explanation of Mr.
Recchtr's failure to address 50 to
100 associates last winter. lie chose j
to instruct several hundred thousand
people at once, thus to earn more j
1 1 .
. , . p . , j
mont'v uu less Kiutiue auu e.
Reformed Church. At the meet
ing of the Synod of the Reformed
Dutch Church, recently held in Ge
neva, New York. The word Dutch
d. it .i lociv auu iu isieis. lone poini oi iik.' errs-
iintnated from their name.! 1 .,
j cent is .. . and tue other s. L. from the
They will be known under the style , prhlcipal i!iland tI,e oyca;ns hc.n? t th,
and title of the Reformed Church of southward aid westward. The position
. ., : of the island proner is lat. 2t5al;i X.. long.
America. The report ot the com- j 16(pu. w. Thi; po,Uion u 7 mi!es to t;)0
ruittee was adopted by a vote of one westward of the position given by Lieut.
Brooke of the l'cu:umore Cooper. As nu
hundred and ten ayes to nine nays, j meroH., observations on this, and a previ
The proposed change will be sub- on? cruise, have given the same result.
; , . , . ,i Capt. Brooks considers it correct. The
mitted to the action of the several j ii3jauj is i so feet long, -15 feet wide, and
classes of the church; and their action j 123 feet high, rising to a ridge in the ceii-
' i tre ; it is so steep and rncrged as to be ai-
will be reported to an adjourned t most inaccessible. On each side of tho
in? of the Svnod, which will be !
Ill Aloany, N. 1 ., on the third j
Wednesday of November
Prentice says it is a pity the elec
tions at the South cannot take placo
at this time for, although the negroes
there are strong cow, they will be j
slrorgc-r in the dog fos.
CITY, OREGON, SATURDAY, AUGUST
niw Wi'i'i'ii ii'ihii iiiinhw" n w ii' i ii nw ' J
Tilli PACIFIC OCEA5.
In the Spring of l&oO Cant. N. C. Brooks
and B. F. Snow, Esq., of Honolulu, fitted
up the bark (jainbin fur a sailing and ex
ploring voyage. On the 20th cf April,
under command of Cap:. Brooks, she went
to sea, bound among the islands to the
westward of the group in which Honolulu
As we have before stated, and as the
Bulletin has since more publicly announced
the Pacific Mail Company have selected
one of the Islands discovered on this sum
mer cruise of the Gambia, as their coaling
station on the China route viz : Brooks'
Islands and SLoal, described below. The
islands are not only well located, as will
be seen, for such purpose, but the harbor
is most excellent and the shores well cal
culated for dispatch in loading coal. The
Pacific is now the great highway to East
ern Asia, and yet it is but imperfectly sur
veyed. Is filled with islands and danger
ous shoals, upon which hundreds of ships
dispatched from this coast the last few
year 3 and never since been heard of, have
undoubtcdlv gone to rain. It is therefore.
1 pleasure :6 us to "be able to re-proOu:?.
at th:3 time, tl
.s oi :e;
cruise of the Gar.xllc, from a correct copy
printed in a Honolulu paper, upon her re
turn to that port :
a 'j::xEu.t.r. ot.Ti.ixH.
After an absence of about Z months,
ihv.- O'ambi-t returned on Suud.iy last, (7th
August JSjU,) and we are pleased to learn
that her voyage was entirely successful.
She has on board 210 bbls Seal-oil, l,.:o:j
skin?, a quantity of Shark's litis, and oil.
etc. She also brought six specimens cf
Guano soma from' the Pearl and Hermes
group, and some frcin Brooks' Islands, not
laid down im the charts.
TlmOarAbia visited N'eeker Island .French
Friaate group. M.it o Meet, E iysan. Lisian
sky, the Pearl and Hermes groan, and
Ocean Island ; passed over l.ot;g"s ;:l:oals,
(the discovery of which was noticed iu
our issue of March 10th.) and a shoal 3 I
i miles W by X from French Frigate groupe.
About -to miles to ihe mrthwerd and west-
ward of the Pearl and Hermes group, dis
i covered a shoal not down on the charts,
j In latitude -'EiX. longitude 17712' Yf.,
; discovered an extensive, reef, ettelvsing
j two islands and a number oi' islets and
i rocks. If i-kher of the islands or reef; on
the charts are intended fjr :h"-.. the ealeu
j l.ition is very errooeou ;. as there is r.one
laid down in that position, hence this was
cunsidered it new diseoverv and the grei'.j
j received ihe name r.f Brooits i.da':.l
Willi the except io;i of a ie.w days, wii'le
I at Oeeati Isluiul. had very li :e weather
; tiie whole cruise. Burlng that t:ne had
not !H hours trades. iu- wind 'neln" !':
the southward ;v.
itoi to as.
v itimut reac-l.oe.g the variable;
August 2, l.u. 25-, long. 15dr
I: I't.'Ave. bat was not near eao'vr'i to
i speak her.
' For more than half a. century the chain
j of islands u:;-i roe's vc-i'o.l by ii-" Gnu-bi.-f
! havij been a eve.;! b;ur be.;r to whalers and
..ying as i: tk
.M anila or ,'himt
ae route irom
San Francisco to China and
serves m ire ih ri c. T;e.s-:li:'v
by Captain Brocks i-5 more extended and
vued 'than nnv heretofore receive t." "lit
devoted much time an; attention to taking
liUI,rff sounding lagoons, etc.
-f saving many valuable lives, espoeiully
if the other groups are found to be the
sa;(le ln thh re;iK.it.
Having completed a general outline of
the cruise, we will now give ihe results of
Capt.Drooks' surveys of the various islands
and shoals, together with such other infor
mation in regard to each as may be useful
or interesting :
Ill lat. 215 35 ' X., long. EJi 25' V,"., is
rocky, and nearly perpendicular; it is from
li to 2 miles long, mile wide and about
300 feet at the highest point. The island
is covered with vegetation. On the S E
end is a gulch or water course, where, at
certain seasons of the year there is proba
bly a good How of pure fresh water. At
this 'point a good landing may be effected
iu mod -rate weather. Xo danger exists
beyond the rocks in the immediate vicinity
of the island. The best anchorage is on
the X W side. The position observed bv
Capt. Brook?, as given above, is to the
nortnward and eastward of both the posi
tions given by "Bowditch.'" l.i one par
of that work the island is hud down in lat
23n 3E X.. long. Kit" M' V .; strain in lat.
T.V bV X.. long. 1GI 4-y W. The
island is surrounded by a bank or shoal,
making otf to the southward, with about
li fathoms of water. This shoal is con
nected with, and in fact forms a part of
that discovered by Capt. Long about six
months ago. According to his' statement,
which is no doubt correct, it extends to
the southward about 50 miles. The Gam
bia, on a previous cruise, crossed it from
'ad to west in l it. 2:12 ' and found it to
be about 15 miles wide. The western edge
is very abrupt, a vessel one moment being
ia 1 1 fathoms of water, ami the next oil'
Knnrtdfnn-s Tin. .1 ; t .1,.,
- -...v. iiicv-jiiuiinuit ot tue n (t.v i
nay seen at a distance of three miles.
The eastern edge slopes gradually, there
being 35 fathoms of water at a distance of
15 miles. The whole reef abounds with
excellent fish in great variety.
l'ltENCIt FRIGATE StlOAI.
Is crescent shaped, about -15 miles in
circuit, and contains a principal island, or
7- l 1 , : i . i . . r- . (
ridge there is a level surface of about 12
feet square, and these contain the " ex tea-
s;v0 deposit of guano'' reported by the
thmtmore Cooper. Capt. Brooks ascended
the rock and carefully examined every
part, but in no place, except ia the crevi
ces of the rock, was a shovelfull of guano
to le seen. From these, perhaps 5'J tons
might be taken, but at a much greater ex
pense than it would be worth. The island
may be seen as far as a 500 ton ship, and
at a distance of five dies has a rec.ark.i-
J ble resemblance to a full n'rei brig.
Vessels cf any class can approach the rock
within a cable's length, aud may anchor
anywhere inside of the reef, in from 3 to I t
fathoms water. The bottom is composed
of coral patches an 1 stud. The entire
shoal is protected en the X. E. and S. E.
by a line of reef covered with heavy break
ers. Inside of, and forming a line with the
reef, are the 10 islets, varying in length
from 100 feet to one mile. They are all
low and sandy, the largest being about
4 miles X. E. by E. from the main island.
There is no danger outside the line of
breakers. Dug a woli near the center ot
one d" the islets, and found brackish water
at the depth of S or 10 feet, and about t:00
feet from the beach.
Is about 30 miles W. by N. from French
Frigate Shoal. There is no shoal iu that
position on the charts. Capt. Brooks dis
covered it while casually looking over the
side. He saw the bottom distinctly, and
found 1-1 fathoms of water. It is probably
connected with some island in the vicinity.
.mauo i::: ;-:i-
Tn hvt. 2oQ30' X., long. 170a31' W.; is
from 35 to 40 miles in circuit. It is low,
j and covered with breakers. On a clear
j day it may be seen from aloft for a distance
j of o mile.'. It comprises numerous little,
i detached patches of coral and sand. There
j is no land or rock above water: the deoth
i-j about C" e tatttctu. i i:
very lt!?!t, btTtg' scarcely
irom sea caps.
i.is o; course- cans ior
.n.ng iae reer. .no
less than four positions are assigned this
reef bv Bowditch," varvine from 25aPJ-'
to L'(i"0C X., and from 1701G' to 170n32
W. The shoal is nearly encircled by a
bank, with from 10 to 30 fathoms water as
yon recede Irom the reef. This bank is
open to the westward, where there is good
la iat ; iC X. long 17 19' W, is 3
miles !oi:g and 2t miles wide, the highest
point being about 20 feet. It is surround
ed by a reef half a mile distant, inside of
which there is a good boat passage nearly
around the island, the S and S E side only
being obstructed. A bunk extends oil'
from the island for several miles. At a
distance of o miles U 1ms 1!) fathoms wa
ter, which gtauV.aily decreases to 10 fath
urns ;u appro:
exists be von 1
lung the shore ; no danger
c l.ne of breakers. Boats
many laud in s-.fetv on almost anv part of
the Wan.!. The best anchorage is on the
west side, near the S V end. half a mile
. in -S to i
d in iv b..
us water, coral
! . .
and 1 mile wid.
'i- in the ee:iti.
was found. On the east
i nr.dvwv the island found the
the 1 h
at i prooao-.y
ere a io.ig lime. Old cask
a.u oiaer ariic.e; were strew r.
the beach, bat nothing was found
e a clue to her name, aitltotigh there
indication;; of her being a whale!-,
the we.,t t-tid of the isi ui;l was found
two feet long, an 1 lying n ear
...lining a piece of pi' per. on
ting eucld be traced, tliae
eery let -r. Saw a ntr.nber
ovtl and X W piae trees
which ;; . wri
had ei'sced c
of le.rfre red
that h.-d drift
The soil near the centre of
the island is very rich, their being about
5'J acres suilable for cultivation. There
are five palm trees 15 feet in height grow
ing on the island, besides 25 varieties of
plants, among which were recognized sev
eral familiar to the kitchen gardens at
home. Had several tine messes from
them. From a cask on the east end of the
island io a decayed palm tree on the shore
a of the layout:, planted a liti" of vegetables.
. consisting of pumpkins, potatoes, etc., etc.
i Also dug a well near the palm tree, and
obtained tolerably good water. This aud
'. tho vegetables may hereafter be the
! ne-ans of adding to tho comfort of some
; wrecked crew. The Ldaad abound i with
i land and sea fowls, and 20 kinds of eggs
: may be hud in abundance, several kinds
j being as good as hen's egg's. Saw a
! great many ducks of good qualdy, prob
j ably the increase of the stock left on a
! neighboring island bv Capt. Pell. The
water around the island swarms with turtle,
crabs, and a variety of excellent fish. The
rise and fall of the tide is 22 inches.
In lat 20-1 X, long 173 57' W is of a
triangular shape being 3 miles across at
the widest part, the highest point being 10
feet. This, Easslou and Pell's island, are
doubtless one and the same. The Foi
nimore Cooper also reported Lisiansky
and Pell's island as the same. The island
is encircled hy a reef which on the west
side forms a lagoon 2j miles wide, in
which there is good anchorage in from 4
to 12 fathoms water. The entrance to the
lagoon is marked by two heavy breakers,
bearing X aud S of each other, three quar
ters of a mile apart. Between these
breakers are several small rocks near the
surface, and to avoid them a man should
be kept aloft. Inside the lagoon is a
number of scattered rocks, but as the wa
ter is smooth they are easily avoided.
Xe.tr the south end of the island is the
basin of a former lagoon, now overrun
with weeds and garden herbs. This
island should be approached from the
north, as a low and dangerous reef makes
off to the southward, an in moderate
weather the breakers on it can scarcely be
distinguished from sea cans. It was on
this reef that the Holder Borden and Crm
wJiasset were wrecked some 15 years
ago. On the north and west sides no dan
gers exist outside the !int.of breakers. On
the S W point of the i.-!and foil ml some
remains of the wrecks, among other things
the head-board of the Holder Burden, the
name being still as legible as when first
cut in. Xear by was a deck-house, in
which the wrecked crews had probably
found shelter ; now filled v. iih dead birds.
A fallen lookout-pole and cask were found
on a hill near the eastern point of the
island. Here 15 years ago the men spent
many a weary hour anxiously watching
1 for some passing vessel to come to their
I relief. The spot received the name of
j Lookout 11 ill. On the south end of the
! inland lies the trunk of a red wood tree, 4:)
: feet in length and 4 in diameter. On the
! west side, about 1D9 yards f rom the beach,
I found a notice left by seh. San Diego,
i claiming possession of the island in the
' name of certain parties in San Francisco.
! It bore" date April. l5t. There are very
j few birds. Capt. Pell, master of some of
: the wrecked whalers, and from w hom the
island receives one of its several names,
j left a number of d ticks, but not one is now
j to be seen. This is rather singular, as
; they are vcrv numerous on the ueighbor-
in 2 island of Laysan. Six varieties of
phi tits were found." A plentiful supply of
: go-;d water may he had by digging but a
! few feet. A well had been dag by the
j whalemen near their camping ground.
I The current sets north ami south at tho
! rate of 2 knots an hour, and is very regu
I lar. The rise and fall of the tide is about
1 24 inches. Two different positions are as
I signed to this island in Bowditch," nei
' tiler of which correspond wkh that given
' by Capt. Brooks; the dixierencc in lat.
' bein?' from 3 to 8 miles, and in long,
i from" lf to 15 in';'e3.
rE.UU. AND HElt.MES GKOLP.
In lat. 27 42' X, long. 175 48" W, his
been represented as very dangerous and
as being connected v.iih an extensive reef
HO miles in length from noth to south.
This is a great error, their being no dan
ger, in any direction, outside the line of
breakers. Of the reef, which is laid down
as Clarke's, there is no trace to be found.
The group is about 45 miles in circuit,
contains 12 islands and islets, and is sur
rounded by a line of reef covered with
heavy breakers. Inside the reef is a la
goon, iu the middle cf which vessels may
lay iu from 3 to 15 fathom? water, but
they cannot approach w ithin 2 miles of
the islands. The only passage to this la
goon is from the X W. The largest island
is 2J miles long and has but little vegeta
tion upon it. There is good anchorage
anywhere outside the reef in from 8 'to
12 fathoms water, but the best is near the
passage. The principal island lies E by
S i S from the passage. Outside the reJf
is a bank w hich makes off about a mile.
As at Eisiansky, the current sets north and
n:th. with a rise and fall of 24 inches.
The remains ol the Pearl and Hermes may
still be seen and portions were brought
here by the Gambia. A variety of ex
cellent fish maybe obtained. There be
ing deposits of guano on the islands, pos
session was taken of the group in the
name of citizens of the United States, and
ue'ice to that e'iect left on each. The po
sition of ibis group as" t iVcillr.
is iai. 27" iv' !or. 170" 13' W, which
is 4 miles north and 27 west of that ob
served by Capt. Brooks. About 1'J miles
V by X of the group the Gambia passed
near a shoal in 11 fathoms water. Per
haps this is the one that has been repre
sented as so extremely dangerous.
Is more properly a reef, in lat. 28 24
X, Ion. 178 24 W, is 33 miles in circuit,
and can be approached without danger
from any direction. This, Staves and
Cure island are no doubfthe same. It
is of an irregular, oblong form, and com
prises 3 island.; tho largest of which is
3 miles long and 1 wide. It is cover
ed with bushes, nil form.; an elbow
in the S E bight of the shoal. The next
is 2 A miles long and half mile wide. It
is covered with coarse crass and vines.
The smallest is -i mile long and 300 feet
wide. It has no vegetation upon it.
From the appearance of the islands they
are sometimes visited by very violent
storms, the sand being thrown into num
erous cones aud pyramids. The best an
chorage is on the west side, near Ihe X
W point cf breahctv., in from S to 12
fathoms water, rocky bottom. Saw but
few birds on this group. Found plenty
of crabs and turtle, also some eggs.
Xear the north end is an old lagoon,
now nearly grown over. The American
whakshin Parker was lost on the reef
10 or Pi veers since. The remains of
a merchant vessel ate now on the reef,
tho island being covered with fmgnieu'.s
from end to end. Boxes, mats and other
articles show that she was from Manila
or China She was probably lost from
3 lo 5 years ago. L oon the stern of
a jolly boat lying on the beach, the
name of Isaac Holder was cut. but w heth
er this was the name of ihe ship, tho
build, r of the boat or one of the crew,
there are no means of judging.
iUtOOtis' 1-U.AVPS AN'D SlfOAt.
In lat. 2S 12 X.. ion. 17712' W., were
discovered on the 5th of July iast, by Capt.
Brooks, of the Uaiabla. There are two is
lands from 1 to 5 miles long, 2s miles wide,
and 40 feet higli. one of which is entirely
barren, while fee other is covered with
vegetation. Besides the.ie there is a small is
land. The whole are encircled by a reef
of about 40 miles circuit, covered villi
heavy breakers, outside of which there is
e-ood" anchorage in from '0 to 12 fathoms
reef is a very fine,
)on, where a
proach vunta namm? o.suince oi uie
beach with perfect safety : but the best
anchorage is about half a mile from shore,
in 4 or 5 fathoms water. The entrance to
the lagoon is on the west side, but the
reef may be approached boldly from any
direction, there being no danger beyond
the line of heavy breakers.
Inside the reef, on the north and south
sides, and about a cable's length from the
line of breakers, there is a natural sea
wall four feet high, perfectly level and
wide enough for a carriage way. On the
west side of one of the islands lies an old
trunk of a red wood tree, five feet in di
ameter. There are. also, the remains of
what was probably a raft, w hich must
have drifted to the island years ago, there
being no indication of any person ever
having been there before. As an exten
sive deposit of guano was found on one of
the islands, possession was taken of the
group and notice left to that effect. Dug
a well and found good water at a depth of
10 feet. At the distance of a cable's
length W by S from the well, erected a
30 it tlag staff. The waters ot the lagoon
abound with fish and turtle of superior
quality ; birds are numerous in fact there
appears to be millions of them in the
neighborhood, and the islands are so cov
ered with eggs ami young birds that it is
difficult to walk without treading oa them.
Willi the exception only of Honolulu,
these islands possess advantages for a
coaling depot superior to any other place
on the line1 from California to China.
Passed over the position of an island in
lat. 28 12' X, long. "50' W, but saw no
land nor any sight of it. Also passed over
the position of Xeva Is, but saw nothing.
This latter report is a confirmation of that
made by the Fennimore Gxyr.
The Gambia, besides visiting the above
described inlands, passed near the position
of an island in lat. 21 05' X, long. lG7a
55 W. Saw no land, but from the num
ber of birds and other indications, it is
supposed that such an island really ex
ists. The Gambia has brought back relics
from 12 different wrecks among them p.
mortar made from a part of a mast. This
w as used by the crews of the Pearl and
Hermes to pound their beans in. and made
by our worthy townsman James RobitiBon,
w ho was carpenter of the Pearl, and for
whom it is intended as a present.
A Neat Hit. The editor of the
Tidiout, Pennsylvania Journal, came
down on a giggling woman in that
town recently, in the following racy
Fair. The lady (?) who yester
day called the attention of another to
our patched breeches, whereat they
both gitrgicd so heartilr, is informed
that a new pair will be purchased
when her husband's ' little bill' is set
tled. It has been due us nearly a
year. Notes. 1st, When you f-peak
disparagingly of a passer by, and do
not wish t" be heard, talk low. 2d,
Do not criticise the printer's bseech
es too ciosely, while wearing silks
purchased with money due him. '3d,
Ttll your husband to send us $23.70
at once, and save costs of an entire
It m?2bt be well for ladles to occsaloBal-'y
ask their"husb.nds if they are owing ns-
He is above a mean thing. He
cannot, stoop to mean fraud. Ife in
vades no secret in the keeping of
another. lie betrays no sf crets con
fided to his own keeping. He never
struts in borrowed rlumage. He
never takes selfish advantage of our
mistakes. lie uses no ignoble weap
ons in controversy. He never stabs
in the dark. IIe is ashamed of in
uecdoes. He is uot one thing tn
tha man's face and another behind
If by accident he comes in pos
session of his neighbor's counsels, he
passes upon them an set of instant
oblivion. He bears sealed packages
without tampering with the was
Papers not meant for Lis eyes,
whether they flutter at his window or
He open before him in unguarded ex
posure. are sacred to Irm, He in
d t0 privacy of othtrsi, however
the sentry sleeps. Bolts and bars,
locks and kejs, hedges and pickets,
bonds and securities, notices to tres
passers, are none of them for him.
He may be trusted by himself out of
sight, near the thinnest -partition,
anywhere. He buvs no offices, he
sells none, he intrigues for none. He
would rather fail of rights than win
them througli dishonor. He will eat
honest bread, lie tramples on no
sensitive feeling. He insnlts no
man. If he have rebuke for another,
he is straightforward, open, mnnly.
Tn short, whatever he judges honor
able, he practices toward every man.
New Way of Pheseuvino Milk
Gay-Lusfac has proved that milk
kept from the air is preserved for a
long time perfectly good. Profiting
by this experience says the London
Mechanics' Magazine, Mr. Mahrun
warms milk to a moderate tempera
ture iu a tin vessel, furnished with a
tube of lead, to c-.xpe-l the air; then !
the tube is compressed, and the ori- i
fice if: rinsed cvith ,-d,1,.i. VI,n tl,n !
milk -is used at tho end of several
months it will be found desirable to
stir up with it the cream which is
formed on the upper part of the
liejuid. Mr. Mitbrnn, having laid
this process before the Academy of
Sciences for their examination, the
committee report that milk thus
preserved after six months still pos
sesscs all the properties of fresh milk.
A prize of fifteen hundred francs has
been awarded to Mr. Mahrun.
Scaring the Ladiz3. A
gentleman, or elder! v one.
member which, after having paid h"t3
addresses to a lady for some lime,
" popped the question;" the lady, in
a frightened manner, exclaimed
" You scare me, sir!" The gentle
man did not wish lo frighten the
lady, and consequently remained
quiet for some time, when she ex
claimed: " Scare me again!'' Ilis
tory i3 silent as to what that young
(or elderly) gentleman thereupon did.
But in our opinion, it was about time
for him to feel a little scared under
On a rainy winter evening a gen
tleman traveling in a hack found, on
nearing his destination, that he had
no mooey with him, so, thinking he
would try the honesty of the driver,
he called out as he ran up the steps,
" Wait a minute t have dropped a
ter.vdollar bill in the coach, ar.d will
get a light and search for it." The
words were hardly spoken when the
Jehu gave the horses a furious lash
and drove off at a violent rate. The
gentleman heartily amused at the re-
suit, called after him repeatedly, but
never saw hack or driver again.
Mark Anthony, a Trafalgar veto
ran, died recently at Waterford, Ire
land, at a very advanced age. He
was mate of the ship in the action un
der Lord Nelson, and one of those I
employed in picking up the crews of j
the French vessels sunk in the fight.
He had a medal with several clasps,
and was raised to the rank of Com i
mander in 1813
Some matters in Texas appear to
be in a sad condition. Human life
there is no more sacred than before
the war; in fact, net so much so. A
wdiite man's life is worth but little
says tue aispaien; wnue a negro s is j
not worth anything. At oiher points j
.i -- ,i ti . ,
in that Estate, me ireeamen ana
planters seem to be getting along to
After much training of quite a
youngster to keep him still at table
long enough for " the blessing,' he
sat very quietly one day till near the
close of the service, his mother ba-
ginnicg inwardly to congratulate
herself that for once he had kept still,
v.-ben he suddenly called out, " 'At'IF
do, papa; pass plates now"
The New York Hide and ZcalJier
Journal notices a few of the differ
ences in the share of the Dedal e
tremities of people in various seetion
of ihe country. Shoes made for oner
locality are not ndepted for all. For
instance, a broatl shoe, wide in the
shas.k, is best adapted to the eastern
trade, a narrow sole meeting with
but little favor. Rhode Island,
though the smallest Statein the Union
can boast of some of the biggest feet
that ever trod sole leather. The
Middle States rccpiire slimmer shoes,
and higher iu the instep, than the
east. The instep grows higher as we
progress souihward, eonimeDj:ing with
Virginia, and the foot shorter and
more plump. Rarely, at the north,
does a full grown man wear less than
a No. 7, running up in the scale of
szes to No. 11 j. but at the south
in tun a man wears fours and fives,
and seldom over nines.- The ladies
of the south, adds the Charleston
Courier, have confessedly always Lad
the smallest and prettiest feet of any
race m the world. Here our denjo-
cratic cotemporaries stop the quota
tion, but Forney'x Press continues byG
showiug as a reason for the smallness
of the southern beauties' feet, that it
is iu variably due to a little
blood in their veins, as the mulatto
has always smaller hands and feet
than the whites. The purest Norman,
Norman-Saxon and Saxon blood,
shows large feet and hands;' the more
aristocratic tho blood the larger be
ing the feet. Mules have smaller
hoofs than either horses or jackasses.
The mule races of mankind such as
Creoles and the hybrid people of the
southern part of Europe and the east,
have all small feet and hands, in sin
gularly exact proportion to their lack
of brains and perseverance. The
blue Gothic blood of Spain ha large
feet. The Queens of Spain were al
in accordance with this idea.
supposed lo have them large. Bertha
aus graus 'p'tr, or Bertha with the
great feet, is one of the proudest wo
men in French history. The men of
the Middle Ages were so obstinately
persuaded that long feet indicated
good blood as to lengthen their shoes
to an incredible eztent,Qand this be
lief and fashion lasted for several
centuries. As the natives of our own
southern States have steadily degen
eratcd and " ereolized." their fett and
hands have diminished.
A readyMvitted Irishman live.i in
Roekville, UK The other dav ore of
the boys thinking to have a little fun
out of him, said: " Roley, have you
heard the news?' " No; what news?"
" Why the devil is dead." Not a
x-ord sa'd Roley, but putting h
hand in his pocket, and pulling out a
ten cent shinplastor handed it to his
cpuestioner, who asked what it was
for. " Why," answered Roley, "in
the ould country, where I came from,
it was the custom to give the-chil-dren
something when the parent.-,
died." Whereat there was sotnj
laughter, but no more inquiries.
The Gloucester (Mass.) Advertiser
says that, in consequence of represen
tations by Gen. Butler, Secretaiy
McCulloch has directed that the tax
of three cents p r hundred pounds for
weighing salt taken in bond, to lo
used in curing fish, be omitted L
the collectors of customs at fishiiQ
ports, on the ground that salt so ta
ken is not withdrawn for eeportatioc .
r.or exported, in the sense contein
I,itUea lR0 act undf'r W11 u
I tax Iias becn collected.
The Louisville Journal says one
of the grave yard firms of Memphi
recently purloined Hooffland's thui.
der in the following style : The aef3
vertieemcnt appeals on a board fence
in that city thus
of Hoist & Co,
The last instance of communiav
lion with spirits through a raediun ,
is that of a gentleman, lately decent,
ed, who sent word to his wifo, " 1
now believe. Please send me ni
g(.helI u,8 arti,t is iikewige n pu;
. w, uh f h:shrptl
ren out sketching, one propofed l
remain and sketch another landscape
" Oh, no V says Schell, (efs kehh
Bury your troubles, but do rt
linger around the graveyard conjnrin
up their ghosts to haunt yon.
How do we know that Pharoah ts w
a carpenter? Why, he made J o$er !
a ruler, " '